Amnesty International Amnesty International Salam doostan, I recieved an urgent action appeal from Amnesty international on Monday. It is about following persons: Hojjatoleslam Mohammad Taqi al-Dhakeri,41 -//- 'Abdolrahman al-Ha'eri,32 -//- Seyed 'Abdolrasoul al-Misawi,40 -//- Taleb al-Salehi,24 -//- Mohammad Fazel Mohammad al-Saffar,23 -//- Mohammad 'Ali Ma'ash,24 Seghatoleslam Fu'ad Fujian,30 Som others They wrote: "The whereabouts of at least 18 followers of Grand Ayatollah Shirazi, a senior Iranian religios figure, who have been arrested in recent weeks, remain unknown. Amnesty international fears that they may be at risk of torture or ill-treatment in incommunicado detention, and is concerned that may be held solely on account of their association with Grand Ayatollah Shirazi, and as such would be prisoners of conscience. The first 10 men named above are all prominent religios fifures or businessmen, who are known to be closed to Grand Ayatollah Shirazi, who has opposed certain politics of the Iranian Government. They where all reportedly arrested without arrest warantd by members of the security police forces on the night of 11 November 1995 from their home in Qom and Tehran. Some of their relatives were also reportedly beaten during the arrests. The wife of Sheikh Muhammad al-Saffar reportedly had her hand broken, and the young son of Sheikh Muhammad Ali Ma'ash reportedly recieved an eye injury from a gun butt. Both were said to have recieved hospital treatments. The following day, 12 November, security forces reportedly raided the Imam Hussein religious school in Qom, arresting approximately 120 students. Most were released several hours later, but seven remains detained, their whereabounts unknown. On 21 November, Seyed Morteza Shirazi, the second sun of Grand Ayatollah Shirazi, was arrsted in Qom. His wereabounts are also unknown." Then it gives this as a background: "There has been pattern of arrest and detention of followers of Iranian religious figures opposed to government politics. During 1994, a number of followers of Grand Ayatollah Shirazi were arrested including Sheikh Makki Akhon, who was also allegedly severely beaten. In adition at least nine followers of Grand Ayatollah Hussein Ali Montazeri were reportedly arrested in October 1994, after he had publicly criticised the authorities in an open letter. Five of his followers were also arrested in 1993. In July and August 1995, Javad Rouhani, the son of Grand Ayatollah Sadeq Rouhani, and at least 25 of his supporters were arrested after Grand Ayatollah Rouhani had writen a critical open letter to President Hashemi Rafsanjani which included a complain that he had been held under house arrest for more than 10 years (see UA 221/95, MDE 13/15/95, 15 September 1995 and follow up, MDE 13/16/95, 28 September) Torture and ill-treatment of detainees, particularly of people, either known, or believed, to be opposed to the government, remains widespread in Iran. Iran is a state party to International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights" Then it recoments everone to write telegram/fax/express/airmail letters to some Iranian authorities. Regards, Farhad A. -------------------------- UA 259/95 Death Penalty 22 November 1995 Iran Rahman Rajabi, aged 28 Amnesty International fears that Rahman Rajabi may be at risk of imminent execution. He is reportedly a former member of the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI), a Kurdish group engaged in armed opposition to the Iranian Government Rahman Rajabi, from Naqadeh in North Western Iran, is married with one child. He was reportedly arrested in July 1995, and later sentenced to death, possibly in October. The exact charges are unknown, but are believed to relate to membership of the KDPI. It is not clear if he has appealse to the Supreme Court against his conviction and sentence. He is reportedly held in Darya Prison in Oromieh. Background Information ---------------------- Seven memners of the KDPI were reportedly executed in September 1995. Sahabaddin Taheri; Sannar Taheri; Timur Ibrahimi; Mohammad Amin; and tow men identified only as Avaz and Rahimwere said to have been executed by firing squad in Oromieh Prison, after approximately one year in detention. The seventh, Rashid Abu Bakri, was later hanged, also in Oromieh Prison. All were reportedly convicted reportedly of membership of, an collaborateing with, the KDPI. Two other political prisoners, Assad Akhavan and a man identified as Sadeghi, were also reportedly executed in September, after several years' in prison. Amnesty International has no information as to the legal process followed in these nine cases. Amnesty International oppose the use of the death penalty in all cases as a violation of the right to life and the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment or punishement, as a proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The organization is seriously concerned about the continuing high number of executions in Iran, both for political and other offences, including drug and sexual offences. For example, in November, Mehdi Barzandeh, a Dervish mystic, was reported to have been stoned to death for adultery and sodomy in Hamadan. RECOMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/airmail letters in English or your own language: - Expressing concern at reported death sentence passed to Rahman Rajabi, and urging that the sentence be commuted if confirmed on appeal; - seeking detailed information about the procedure of his trial, and the precise charges of which he was convicted, as well as details of any appeal which has been made; - expressing regret at the news of the executions of seven KDPI members and two other political prisoners in September 1995; - drawing attention to world trends to abolish to reduce the use of death penalty, the desirability of which was reaffirmed in Resolution 32/61 of 8 December 1977 of the United Nation General Assembly.