DNI News: August 1995

    August NEWS Digest:

  1. Iran Times July 28; Amir Entezam's letter
  2. Iran Times July 1995: Nategh Nouri reveals Imam's secrets
  3. Kayhan London: July 27, 1995
  4. Kayhan (London):Ali Akbar Mohteshemi :"Salman Rushdie must be killed.
  5. Source: Kayhan (London) Solidarity Conference in Hamburg: June 24, 25 1995:
  6. Source: Kayhan (London):Solidarity Conference in Hamburg: June 24, 25 1995:
  7. Source: Kayhan (London)
  8. Source: Rumor Formation of the National Front of Iran inside Iran
  9. Iran Times (August 4, 1995) 140 members of the parliament send an open letter to Rafsanjani
  10. 107 Professors send a letter objecting disruption of Dr. Soroush's speech in Esfehan.
  11. Source: Kayhan (London Aug 3, 1995) Mahdavi Kani
  12. Source: Iran Khabar (July 28, 1995) Nategh Nouri complained...
  13. Iran Times (August 4, 1995) Nategh Nouri's speech on July 28
  14. Source: Mehrgan (Washington) Eric Roulou on separation of Religion and State
  15. Source: KAR Fourth Congress of Fadayeen (Maj)
  16. Iran Times: August 11, 1995 Students rally in Tehran University
  17. Kayhan (London): August 11, 1995 The debate on the role of Rohaniat and ...
  18. Radio Sedaye Iran (24 Hour) Interview with Mr. Dariush Forouhar

1. Iran Times July 28; Amir Entezam's letter

Committee in Defense of Amir Entezam has published a letter written by Amir Entezam in Khordad 1374. Iran Times has published some excerpts of this letter which follows:

The letter is addressed to Rennate Schmitt head of the Social Democrat Fraction in one of the Germany's states (Bayern).

He alleges that the "Authoritarian regime" in Tehran will continue violation of human rights unless the democratic governments of the word help the Iranian people. He criticizes lack of Diplomatic Relationship with U.S.A. in the letter, he also criticizes lack of recognition of the state of Israel by IRI. At the end he says that IRI MUST be forces to hold a free referendum in Iran with the UN supervision so that the Iranian people can choose their favorite form of government. He also says that with pressure on the illegitimate regime, the Parliamentary election s in 1996 and presidential elections in April 1996 should be held freely and with the UN supervision so that the people of Iran can freely participate in the elections and take control of their own destiny.

The translation in not exact (word by word).

2. Iran Times July 1995: Nategh Nouri reveals Imam's secrets

Nategh Nouri breaks the silence and reveals that " after the Imam (Khomeini) was informed by the military commanders of the army's logistics situation and .. there was not enough money to buy arms, and also that our troops and to withdraw from Fao, Mehran and some other regions, he accepted the resolution, which , for his reverence, was equivalent to drinking poison".

Basically economic hardship and the fact that there was no more money ...

3. Kayhan London: July 27, 1995

The important points and conclusions from the article:

"The leaders of the country desire growth, but do not accept the pre-conditions and necessities of the growth"

" The economic problems can not be solved by issuing memos, punishments, threats and arrests"

"A significant portion of Iranian capital is transferred to Dubai and this Sheikdom has turned into an international hub for the Iranian private sector"

" As long as there is tension in IRI's international relations, there is no hope for growth"

" Depoliticization of the management is another pre-requisite for= growth".

They site:1) stable foreign policy, 2) good atmosphere for attracting foreign capital and technology, 3) and non-ideological management [state] as three major pre-conditions for bringing growth in Iran today. 4. Kayhan (London): Ali Akbar Mohteshemi :"Salman Rushdie must be killed.

Ali Akbar Mohteshemi said "Salman Rushdie must be killed. We will execute Imam Khomeini's fatwa against Salman Rushdie." According to Salam (July 30th), Mohteshemi criticized those who are trying to lift the fatwa against Rushdie.

5. Source: Kayhan (London):

On July 28, 1995: 80 political activists attend the National Conference in Stutgart (Germany): Hassan Massali who is a former Confederation Activist and a member of Iran's National Resistance Movement (Late Dr. Bakhtiar's Party) had taken this initiative and organized this conference. Apparently 107-130 people were invited and according to Kayhan 80 people attended. Reports indicate that this was an attempt to bring the Constitutionalists and Republicans together. Apparently, this move was not totally supported by Hassan Massali's Organization. There was a resolution passed at the end of this conference. This resolution calls for unity based on general principles and the fact that the future form of the government should be selected by the Iranian people.

6. Source: Kayhan (London)

Solidarity Conference in Hamburg: June 24, 25 1995:

In a report written to Kayhan London, it is alleged that Organization of Fadayeen (Majority), National Republicans of Iran and People's Democratic Party have closed on an agreement to form a Union of Jomhoorikhahane Azadikhahe Iran (Republican Democrats of Iran). Note that the term Republican is used to distinguish these forces from the constitutionalists. Apparently theses three forces are trying to encourage some other parties and personalities to join them before any kind of announcement. This report was signed by the Solidarity Committee of Hamburg along with the three above mentioned Political Organizations.

7. Source: Kayhan (London)

Manuchehr Ganji and Reza Pahlavi signed an agreement according to Iran Fax.Manuchehr Ganji was a former minister during the Shah's Rule in Iran. According to Wall Street Journal [a month back], he has been receiving funds from CIA to subsidize his activities. In this press conference, a member of the Kurdish Democratic Party had been also present. The agreement calls for some form of self-determination for the ethnic minorities in Iran. This move seems to have had a polarizing effect. While in the interview they mention that late Dr. Bakhtiar would have approved this move, observers point out that one of Dr. Bakhtiar's conditions to have any agreement with Reza Pahlavi has been for Reza not to assume a political leadership role. There are rumors that this move will sway the National Resistance Movement of Iran towards the Republican Block further.

8. Source: Rumor

Formation of the National Front of Iran inside Iran. There are rumors that an executive committee is formed and it consists of Ali Ardallan, Adib Boroumand, Parviz Varjavand, Abdollah Movahed and Hassan Lebasschi. The same source rejected the news as false few days later.

9. Iran Times (August 4, 1995) 140 members of the parliament send an open letter to Rafsanjani

They warn Mr. Rafsanjani of low level of production. They call for lifting of some of the restrictions in import and export. They also warn that there is no security for investment in Iran. France Press alleges that the conditions in Iran has led to drop in non-Oil export. 10. 107 Professors send a letter objecting disruption of Dr.Soroush's speech in Esfehan.

The letter objects to disruption of Dr. Soroush's speech in Esfahan by "hooligans" and calls for protection of freedom of expression as guaranteed in the Law.

11. Source: Kayhan (London Aug 3, 1995)

Mahdavi Kani is quoted saying that "the president should not be necessarily a clergy, someone with high caliber management skills and information in politics and economics should hold such position."

12. Source: Iran Khabar (July 28, 1995)

Nategh Nouri complained about talks about separation of state and religion in the media. He said; "Some articles in papers are published which relay the idea that Government is "Hekmat" and Valie-Faghih is not the RULER, but a representative (Vakil) and can be removed by the people".

13. Iran Times (August 4, 1995)

In a speech on July 28 in Tehran, Nategh Nouri speaker of the house attacked those who call for separation of Religion and State strongly. He said that these are the American, English and the Iranian Nationalist's [Lackeys of the West ] words. China Press has reported this according to Ressalat newspaper in Iran and has alleged that Nategh Nouri was answering to an article in Hamshahri by Mehdi Haeri Yazdi who had said: " The concept of state is not anything but being people's representative and in Islam the leader is not the "Guardian". The leader is people's representative and can be removed from power."

Meanwhile the "new election law" [not passed yet] is prohibiting people who do not believe in Velayate Faghih to become parliament representatives.

14. Source: Mehrgan (Washington)

Eric Roulou on separation of Religion and State He claims that rank and file of Howzeieh Elmieh Ghom are for separation of State and Religion... His speech on May 26 in Washington.

15. Source: KAR

Fadayeen held their fourth Congress last week in Europe. This organization is 25 years old according to their communiqu.

Their communiqu=E9 emphasizes that Fadayeen are fighting for democracy, modernism, progress and social justice in Iran. They view termination of IRI and establishment of people's rule via democracy as a step in that direction. Their congress has emphasized that they advocate a peaceful transition and "Free Election".

They called for formation of a coalition of left and Melli freedom-lovers [Azadikhahan] to struggle against despotism in Iran.

Their fourth congress supported the efforts of the Azadikhahane inside Iran and tasked its organization to immediately devise ways of conducting a common and united struggle with these forces.

16. Iran Times: August 11, 1995

400 students rally in Tehran University to protest closing of Payame Daneshjoo. They condemned suspension of the paper's license and alleged this action to be a violation of "freedom of expression"

17. Kayhan (London): August 11, 1995

The debate on the role of Rohaniat and the fate of Velayate Faghih and eventually separation of State and Religion is real in Iran today. It is the classical "ideological crisis" when a state faces a deadlock situation.

A representative in Majlis [Ahmad Nejabat: Shiraz Representative] : A dangerous current has formed which has the objective of "eliminating" [Hazf] of the Rohaniat and Velayate Faghih.

Ayatollah Mehdi Haeri Yazdi: "Government is representation [Vekalat] and nothing else and anytime you feel that your representatives have betrayed you, you can impeach them. " He argues that "Islamic Government is indeed a democracy [from the above mentioned standpoint]. ..."

Ayatollah Azari Ghomi: " Mr. Haarei can not tolerate an independent [of Western Influence] Republic, Velayat and Foghaha leadership. He is misled." How can a person who has learned Mollah Sadra and Haj Mehdi Sabzevari from Imam Khomeini has become alienated from god and religious beliefs". In short, "Foghaha have their Velayat from god and their government is nothing but Velayat."

Abdol Karim Soroush: Currently, there are courageous folks who express their opinions independent of what goes on in the society [I think he means regardless of the dangers they face].

Soroush in Bonne (Germany): He had alluded that existence of several Marja Taghlid's in Shia means pluralism in Shia. He had said: " What is being debated is not lack of or chance of expression of different ideas. the problem is existence of one Marja Taghlid as Velayate Faghih who says the first and last word." "Iranian people did not have a correct understanding of Feghh before the revolution so that they could apply in their social laws and now they see clearly that Feghh [not only can not satisfy all the law-making needs, but also a lot of social problems are not Feghhi so one can not solve them with Feghahat."

Behzad Nabavi [head of the economic commission in Majlis, chief editor of Resalat newspaper: "The enemy is trying to side-shoulder [Kenar Zadan] the Rohaniat and repeat the experience in the Constitutional revolution. [...] today it is felt that there is a force which is trying to repeat the constitutional revolution. "The enemies of Islam are trying to create a rift between people and Rohaniat. Lately there are some publications inside Iran which give the illusion that their sole mission [Resalat] is to create a rift between the people and clergy." Mohandess Nabavi was asked to speculate which forces are the possible winners in the future elections: He said: " Forces such as intellectual force, the so-called liberal force and another so-called "leftist force" are present in the society [Matrah Hastand]. Their common point is that they have problems with the Velayate Faghih principle. Liberal are trying hard to enter the parliament and create a "Fraction" . They [Liberals] have publications and publicity means." "The Liberal force believes in limiting the role of Velayate Faghih. They support western development model. In foreign policy they believe in establishing relations with the US. On the cultural issues, they believe in "Cultural Liberalism" and are against banning the Satellite dishes, they believe in cultural freedoms in the Western sense". "The Rohaniat force is well known ..."

18. Radio Sedaye Iran (24 Hour)

Radio Sedaye Iran (24 hours) in the USA had an interview with Mr. Dariush Forouhar last Sunday. I thought it was quite illuminating specially in light of the discussions on "Islam and Democracy" as well as the role of the "democracy and HR" advocates outside Iran.

Asked about formation of political alliances at this stage of the "change" game in Iran, he repeats his call for solidarity between all forces. He emphasizes that a Front like approach and struggle is a much needed "animal" at this point.

On the question of Free Elections and all, he pointed out that he had had a meeting with the leaders of "Nehzate Azadi" the day before the interview. The leaders of Nehzate Azadi had reassured him that they are against segments of Section eight (Rahbari, Velayate Faghih) and a lot of other articles in the constitution that negate democracy. His party, however, has put the pre-condition of political openness as a pre-condition for engaging in any elections.

What is interesting here is the position of the Nehzate Azadi and the fact that they are inching towards a more radical change in the system unlike the popular belief in the political circles :)). Another point is the level of communications amongst "extreme" Melli forces inside Iran. Nehzat has always had a religious color to her MelliGerayee whereas Hezbe Mellate Iran does not hesitate to refer to Iran as the Sarzamine Ahurayeeh (The and of Ahura Mazda) Iran. A true National Front inside and outside Iran will be composed of ALL Azadikhah and Melli forces.