Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 22 Jan 2000 to 23 Jan 2000 - Special issue

There are 25 messages totalling 1235 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Highest Priority for Tourism
2. Countdown to Final Ballot
3. Cultural, Educational Forces Should Be Identified, Speaker
4. Prosecutor General Rejects Abdullah Nouri's Appeals Request
5. Press review
6. Russia and Iran on Verge of Aircraft Deal, Official
7. MOJTAHEDZADEH: Russia Providing Excuse for NATO Presence in Region
8. Rome Is Turning to Tehran for Oil Imports
9. Significant Gains in Iran Cellular Phone Technology
10. Razi Petrochemical Complex Operating in Full Capacity
11. Seminar on Cinema and Dialogue of Civilizations
12. Introduction to the Theme of Dialogue Among Civilizations
13. Vogts Might Coach Iranian National Team
14. MOHAJERANI: Expansion of Tourism Requires National Will
15. Quake Jolts Qasr-e Shirin in Western Iran
16. Iran Protests Against Iraq for Harboring Terrorists
17. Niazi: Serial Murders Could Lead to Coup
18. Yazdan-Panah: Opening of U.S. Consulate in Kish Welcome
19. Iran Probes Judge for Pigeon Deaths
20. ASIAN ALL-STARS 0 IRAN 5 (0:3)
21. Iranian official calls for US consulate in Kish
22. IPS: ONLY A STRONG IRAN CAN SAFEGUARD THE SECURITY OF ISRAEL
23. Dialogue on Iran-US relations encouraging: Swiss FM
24. Iran Probes Judge for Pigeon Deaths (!?)
25. FWD: Oil workers protest in Iran

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 19:49:58 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Highest Priority for Tourism

IRAN NEWS EDITORIAL JANUARY 23, 2000

Highest Priority for Tourism

The first exhibition of Iran and World tourism was inaugurated in the
presence of Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Ataollah Mohajerani and
a number of tourism authorities in Kish Island.

Visits made by tourists to our country are a double blessing. Those who visit
Iran receive first hand knowledge about our ways and our people while at the
same time we become familiar with their cultures.

The interaction between Iranians and foreigners will, inter alia, pave the
way for a healthier understanding of each other and better cultural exchange
among peoples.

The aforementioned blessings will promote cultural dialogue in the year 2001
which has been named the year of Dialogue Among Civilizations. Of greatest
importance for Iranians to keep tourism high on their priority agenda is the
fact that Dialogue Among Civilization is the brainchild of our popular
President Mohammad Khatami.

Should Iran manage to bolster its tourist industry and thus project itself in
order to initiate and accommodate this dialogue, concomitant blessings
include economic prosperity and less reliance on oil generated revenues. Our
rich potentials in tourism are numerous. The trade can also help set us free
from the yoke of a single commodity economy if we cast a new look at its
potentials. The deeply ingrained hospitality of Iranians is a highly valued
asset in favor of tourism here, in comparison with attitudes in other parts
of the world.

Statistics speak of 630 million tourists travelling annually to different
parts of the world. So far we have managed to attract a meager 500,000 plus
tourists to our country per annum. Of 430 billion dollars revenues generated
through tourism, Iran's share of 250 million dollars, which translates into
half a percent of the aggregate revenue, is catastrophically inadequate.

A tourist may spend as little as 500 dollars during a visit to Iran.

Considering the average outlay of 800 dollars for a short visit to another
foreign land by the same tourist, the mere incentive of visiting other
countries on the cheap might whet the appetite of a lot of cash strapped
prospective foreign travelers.

One prerequisite for a country to enjoy a lucrative tourist business is
security in its absolute terms . Our rude and inhospitable approach to
tourists in Isfahan at the time of the last solar eclipse of the century
helped spread a lot of misinformation and gave rise to negative attitudes
among many would be tourists.

Should incidents such as the abduction of tourists in the eastern parts of
our country be repeated, no one will dare to fancy visiting this country at
all. This is unfortunate as Iran is among the top 10 countries of the world
with respect to tourist attractions.

Strong public relations and meeting the basic requirements of the tourist
industry can easily yield 5 billion dollars a year for the country. Our
strategy of removing all the hazards to foreign visitors would definitely
accommodate our desire to have larger share of the global tourist trade.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 19:53:53 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Countdown to Final Ballot

Countdown to Final Ballot

The opening ceremony of the Islamic Iran Partnership Party's (IIPP) Office in
Andimeshk turned into violence after a group chanted slogans against the
party's policies and attacked the participants. The violence was stopped by
police, the Persian daily "Iran" said.

"Sobh-e Emrooz" which is a leftist daily quoted an informed source as saying
that about 30 percent of the candidates, who were previously disqualified by
the Guardian Council, have been approved after reviewing their
qualifications.

Following a ceremony in Shiraz which commemorated the late Mehdi Bazargan, a
founding member of Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI), announcements were posted
on the walls of the city with a photo of the late Bazargan, in which the
nationalist figure was insulted while some other FMI members, namely
Ezzatollah Sahabi, Ibrahim Yazdi, Hassan Yusefi Ashkevari, Mohammad-Mehdi
Jafari and Jafar Abbas-Zadegan were threatened with death. Some of those who
prepared the announcement were arrested by police, "Akhbar-e Eqtesad" daily
reported.

"Asr-e Azadegan" daily, in an article by Seyed Morteza Mardiha, criticized an
article by Akbar Ganji, published by Sobh-e Emrooz: "If the article creates a
crisis, it shows the mistake of Ganji, and if it does not create a crisis, it
is a bigger mistake because in that case the conservatives are not
dissatisfied with the disgracing of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani." Akbar Ganji,
in his article, blamed Hashemi Rafsanjani for his performance during his
eight-year presidency, mainly for the infamous serial murders and
continuation of war after the liberalization of Khorramshahr from Iraqi
occupation.

"Bayan" daily reported that all MPs who are to run in next months Majlis
elections, but were previously disqualified, have been approved by the
Guardian Council except for Korush Fooladi, MP from Khorramabad.

The qualification of Ezzatollah Sahabi has also been approved.

The qualification of Ezzatollah Sahabi has also been approved.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 19:54:44 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Cultural, Educational Forces Should Be Identified, Speaker

Cultural, Educational Forces Should Be Identified, Speaker

IRAN NEWS POLITICAL DESK

TEHRAN -- Majlis Speaker Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri said here yesterday that one
of the necessary means to confront enemies' cultural onslaught is
identification of the country's cultural, educational, ideological and
political forces, IRNA reported.

Addressing a group of Basiji (volunteers) trainers, Nateq-Nouri said a
trainer should be humble so as to be influential.

He referred to the father of Islamic Revolution and founder of the Islamic
Republic the late Imam Khomeini (R.H.) as a humble personality as confirmed
by many scholars.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 19:55:47 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Prosecutor General Rejects Abdullah Nouri's Appeals Request

Prosecutor General Rejects Abdullah Nouri's Appeals Request

* AYATOLLAH MOQTADAIE: SCC's Status Different From That of Public and
Revolutionary Courts

* AYATOLLAH MOQTADAIE: SCC's Verdicts Are Final And Not Open to Appeal

IRAN NEWS POLITICAL DESK

TEHRAN -- Iran's prosecutor general, Ayatollah Morteza Moqtadaie, and the
assistant judges with the Supreme Court rejected a request made by the
director of the banned daily Khordad, Abdullah Nouri, to re-examine his
lawsuit, IRNA reported.

The Special Court for the Clergy (SCC) sentenced Nouri to five years in
prison for publishing articles against the Islamic Republic on November 27,
1999.

The Prosecutor General's Office said in a statement that the verdicts issued
by the SCC are not open to appeal.

Since the legal status of the SCC is separate from that of the public courts
and the revolutionary courts, the SCC's verdicts cannot be re-examined.

Ayatollah Moqtadaie said the legal foundation of the SCC has already been
passed by the legislative body and it will function unless the Supreme Leader
of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei, decides to stop it.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 19:56:22 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Press review

Constitution Should Be Reviewed!

AZAD * This pro-reform daily quoted Gholamreza Hassani, Urmia Friday Prayer
leader, as saying: "The father of Hadi Mohebbi pardoned the murderer (of his
son), but I think it was not right. If the murderer stabs someone else, this
father is an accomplice in the murder." He added that the Constitution needs
to be reviewed and dismissals or appointments of officials must be done by
the Leader.

Hadi Mohebbi was a Basij [volunteer forces] member who was stabbed to death
by a youngster in Tehran when Mohebbi criticized him for smoking in public
during the fasting month of Ramazan.

Dorm Incident Not Pre-Planned

ENTEKHAB * This rightist daily quoted Minister of Intelligence Ali Yunesi as
saying that the attack on Tehran University dormitory in July was quite
"accidental", it was not pre-planned by any single organization. "This has
been clarified after carrying out comprehensive investigations and
interrogating 400-500 people accused of involvement in the incident," he
said.

On the 13 Jews arrested on charges of spying for Israel, he said everything
about the case is clear and it has been sent to the Judiciary and the accused
are to stand trail in a public court.

Promise to Help Unrest Leaders

ARYA * Mohammad Mohammadi, father of Akbar and Manouchehr Mohammadi who are
now in prison in connection with last July's student demonstrations, met with
Gholamhussein Rahbarpour, the head of Tehran Revolutionary Court, last
Tuesday when Rahbarpour promised to solve Mohammadi's problem.

Akbar and Manouchehr Mohammadi have been respectively sentenced to death and
13 years in jail for their involvement in student rallies in July.

Minaret Burns Down

ARYA * One of the minarets of Imam Khomeini Mosalla [where Friday
congregational prayers are held] was gutted by fire Friday afternoon.

The reason for the blaze has not been established. Reporters and
photographers were not allowed to visit the site.

Serial Killers Still Active?

BAYAN * MP, Korush Fooladi, said: "The serial murders' case has not been
followed up seriously in the past year. The agents belonged to the murder
gang had been kidnaping and killing the people and officials for many years
and claimed they had a religious permit for their crimes.

Some of these agents are still active in the provincial intelligence
departments, who should be arrested and punished."

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:01:18 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Russia and Iran on Verge of Aircraft Deal, Official

Russia and Iran on Verge of Aircraft Deal, Official

MOSCOW (AP) - Russia and Iran are close to a deal for Iran to buy Tupolev
TU-334 passenger planes, the Itar-Tass news agency quoted Russian Security
Council secretary, Sergei Ivanov, as saying Thursday.

The report did not state how many aircraft were in the potential deal, but
said Ivanov estimated the deal's total value at about $3 billion. The TU-334,
which was introduced to the public last year, is a 100-seat airliner with
full-load range of 2,000 kilometers (1,250 miles). It was designed to replace
the aging TU-134 which has been in service for about 30 years.

Russian airlines have withdrawn the TU-134s from most foreign routes because
they were too noisy, but they have remained a mainstay on domestic routes.

The TU-334 consumes half as much fuel as its predecessor and its noise level
meets modern standards.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:00:37 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: MOJTAHEDZADEH: Russia Providing Excuse for NATO Presence in Region

MOJTAHEDZADEH: Russia Providing Excuse for NATO Presence in Region
(conclusion)

BY SHIRZAD BOZORGMEHR

TEHRAN - "Of course, when it comes to humanity and human values, we have our
serious concerns, but I don't want to include that aspect of the matter in
the discussion. What I am trying to establish here is that I hope that
Russian leaders realize that while pursuing their objectives in Chechnya,
which is a 100 percent military success, the overall situation is changing in
a way that will work against their interests, both in terms of domestic
security and in terms of Russia's role in the region," he emphasized.

The Iranian scholar maintained that a pattern of political behavior has been
evident in the past decade since the end of the bi-polar world system,
whereby the United States, as the world's only super power, has tried to
establish its own New World Order, "wishing for, and sometimes helping to
create, regional excuses which would justify its attempts at domination of
the region directly or through NATO."

Mojtahedzadeh stated that there is a scenario which has been tried before.
Iraq, a regional player, occupied Kuwait and created global concern and
provided the U.S. with an excuse to move into the region of the Persian Gulf
to remedy the wrong that had been done and to establish its permanent
military presence there to control the entire region for the benefit of
itself and its ally, Israel.

"We now see the same scenario, perhaps on a smaller scale, being followed in
the region of the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus. The regional player that
provided the excuse this time is the Russian Federation. Unfortunately, the
Russian politicians seem to be so preoccupied with their domestic politics,
specially the upcoming presidential elections, that they seem to have become
oblivious to what is going on around them," the Urosevic Foundation chairman
said.

He maintained that it must be brought to the attention of Tehran that, "the
noose is being tightened around our necks in the Caspian Sea region, in the
Caucasus and in Central Asia. I don't think that we can continue the policy
of inactivity. I think we have to reconsider our policy vis-a-vis the Caspian
region despite the fact that we are very busy with our internal political
situation prior to the Parliamentary elections. We have to move."

The Iranian researcher reiterated that Tehran must expand its cooperation
with Moscow, even to the extent of helping Russia solve its Caucasus crisis:
"The same way we mediated between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

We have to tell Russia that a creeping military domination of our region is
taking place, that NATO is moving towards the Caspian Sea with a slow and
deliberate pace."

Mojtahedzadeh maintained that Turkey is playing the role of the conduit in
this scenario, "I do not mean to condemn Turkey. I mean that we must work
very hard to create favorable relations with Turkey. We must work to create
the necessary detente in the region, with Turkey and everybody else, if we
want to defend our present as well as our future national interests in the
region."

Iran is the only country situated between the Caspian Sea and the Persian
Gulf, the two regions which will supply a large portion of the world's energy
in this century, Mojtahedzadeh said, and concluded: "This geopolitical
advantage is unique and is our most important qualification for being a major
regional and world player in the 21st century, but this advantage is being
very seriously threatened."

SUBHEADS:

Russian politicians seem to be so preoccupied with their domestic politics
that they seem to have become oblivious to what is going on around them

The regional player that provided the excuse (for U.S. interference) this
time is the Russian Federation

We have to reconsider our policy vis-a-vis the Caspian region, despite the
fact that we are very busy with our internal political situation prior to the
Parliamentary elections.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:02:45 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Rome Is Turning to Tehran for Oil Imports

Rome Is Turning to Tehran for Oil Imports

IRAN NEWS ECONOMIC DESK

TEHRAN -- According to Italy's Oil Association, Iran has been the number one
exporter of oil to Italy during the first nine months of 1999.

An official with the association said Wednesday that during the first nine
months of 1999 Italy imported about 8.79 million tons of Iranian crude oil
which constitutes 15.7 percent of its overall oil imports, showing a 5.1
percent increase compared with the figure for the same period last year.

The source said that during the period Italy's import from the Middle East
has been around 22 million tons, five percent less than that of the previous
year, IRNA reported.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:03:54 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Significant Gains in Iran Cellular Phone Technology

Significant Gains in Iran Cellular Phone Technology

IRAN NEWS ECONOMIC DESK

TEHRAN -- Mohammad Reza Aref, minister of post, telephone and telegraph
(PTT), in an interview here yesterday said that the Islamic Republic of Iran
has achieved remarkable progress as for production of the cellular phone
equipment.

For example, he said, "we no longer need to import antennas" for the country
has become self-sufficient with respect to their production.

"The manufacturing of the BTS was also a good experience and we plan to
produce 100 of this equipment if the High Economic Council approve the
scheme," PTT minister added.

Among other equipment needed for Iran's cellular phone network is the switch
whose first local model is being tested now, he stated, adding should the
result be positive, Iran would not have to import that item either.

Aref pointed out that some 30 students have been granted scholarships to
study aboard in the field of the cellular phone technology in order to
transfer the related technology back to Iran.

Turning to the World Trade Organization (WTO), he said, "we are working
through ITU to prevent the adoption of those measures which would not be in
the interest of the developing nations," stressing that the ITU had been
always instrumental in this regard.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:05:57 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Razi Petrochemical Complex Operating in Full Capacity

Razi Petrochemical Complex Operating in Full Capacity

IRAN NEWS ECONOMIC DESK

TEHRAN -- Through renovation and modernization of production lines, the Razi
Petrochemical Complex in Mahshahr Port, Khuzestan Province, is operating full
capacity in producing urea and ammonia.

About 45 billion rials plus $35 million has been spent on the modernization
projects which enable the plant to produce 1,500 tons of urea and 1,000 tons
of ammonia.

The complex is capable of exporting 350,000 tons of urea and ammonia
annually, fetching the country $35 million, IRNA reported.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:08:04 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Seminar on Cinema and Dialogue of Civilizations

IRAN NEWS ARTS JANUARY 23, 2000

Seminar on Cinema and Dialogue of Civilizations

On the eve of the year 2000, the Seminar on Cinema and Dialogue of
Civilizations is to be held within the framework of the 18th Fajr Int'l Film
Festival (Feb. 2-11, 2000).

The seminar is meant to serve as a forum for exchange of views among
outstanding world filmmakers on the role of cinema within the context of the
dialogue of civilizations.

The Seminar on Cinema and the Dialogue of Civilizations is being organized in
response to the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran's idea of naming
2001 as the year of dialogue of civilizations -- a proposal which has been
approved by the representatives of the world community at the General
Assembly of the United Nations.

The main topics and areas of discussions proposed by us are: 1. Cinema's
communicative and expressive capabilities for the promotion and realization
of the dialogue among civilizations, as well as its potential cultural
influence, and practical ways of bringing about cultural exchanges through
film art, resulting in understanding among nations.

2. Cinema and behavior formation on an international level, promoting mutual
understanding among cultures and bringing about interactive ties among
cultures.

3. Filmmakers and the new millennium: the needs and tendencies of
contemporary age on the threshold of the new millennium, and the role the
film art can perform in the new era.

4. Factors affecting cinema's relative success in bringing about cultural
exchanges and dialogue among civilizations through film art's thematic and
stylistic aspects.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:10:29 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Introduction to the Theme of Dialogue Among Civilizations

Introduction to the Theme of Dialogue Among Civilizations

By Dr. Mohammad Javad Faridzadeh

Dr. Mohammad Javad Faridzadeh received his Ph.D. In Philosophy from K”ln and
Bochum Universities in Germany. He has been the Cultural Vice President of
I.R.I.B., also of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance under Mohammad
Khatami "then minister". He also held the position of consulship in Germany
and Austria for some time. He is now the cultural advisor to the President
and head of International Center for Dialogue Among Civilizations.

Despite is simple suggestion, `dialogue among civilizations' has
perplexities. The concept of dialogue among civilizations acts on two fronts:
as well as being a theory it is also a political issue.

The theory finds connection with academicians and the political side is
closely linked with governments and international communities including
UNESCO and the United Nations.

The question is which aspect is superior? From my standpoint neither has any
advantage over the other since taking one more seriously would jeopardize the
chance of this concept ever becoming a reality.

Suppose science, theory and philosophy take the lead. In this case the
academicians would be totally preoccupied with the necessary research and
studies and inevitably would not have any part in political and social ties
especially those of foreign importance. If the idea of dialogue among
civilizations were reduced to a political matter, it would fall into a
similar fate of other political issues and become a generality and forgotten
quickly.

This center aims at tying the theory with a new paradigm in international
relations. Limiting our discussion to theory would outstretch the reader's
patience. More specialized literature usually takes the burden of detailed
theoretical arguments. However an entirely political discussion would lack
the required depth for matters of this nature.

I shall sum up very briefly what dialogue among civilizations is not.
Presumably the meaning of the word "dialogue" is clear, although as you may
agree it is not really so clear. The word conversing or dialogue in Greek
does not take into consideration the listening factor.

In dialogue among civilizations, however, we aim to encourage people to
listen to one another. Listening is an art, a skill that does not come
easily. In the majority of cases dialogue is a one-way communication.

Even when we are apparently listening quietly to the other side we are busy
answering the views we do not entirely agree with. If we could resist the
urge to speak and learn to listen wholeheartedly we could then criticize as
we have cooperated with the speaker and have learned better his points.
Verbal fights prevalent in today's newspapers stem from the incapability to
listen among writers.

Well before listening we rank the speaker and position him in a pre-conceived
network of information and in a reflection of our own mind over matters, we
attribute what we hear to that person. In dialogue among civilizations the
efforts should be geared primarily toward the capacity to listen.

Dialogue among civilizations is not debate. The participating sides are not
supposed to debate or dispute. The word dispute carries a strong sense of
aggression. In a dispute we have one side seeking to maintain the situation
and the primary aim is to defeat the rival.

The intention of dialogue among civilizations is not to triumph over the
rival. There is no rival in the common sense of the word, only conversing
sides. Dialogue among civilizations is not making lectures. Speeches are made
up of observations and are put together to present to the general public.
Here we do not seek to convince the general public. Dialogue among
civilizations is not discussion either. Dialogue is realized under very rare
conditions.

What is commonly considered as dialogue among civilizations is in fact a
bilateral influence presumed to exist among cultures.

Dialogue possesses one common and one proper meaning. To have influence over
or being influenced by other civilizations is not what is suggested by proper
meaning. Domination among societies, cultures and civilizations is a
historical matter. Dialogue among civilizations naturally is not to prevail
or command other cultures. Dialogue is "out" when control is "in".

If a form of civilization attempts to represent other and undermines other
cultures and civilizations as second rate, it is in fact denying the concept
of dialogue. Since there is no such reality as second-rate citizens, those
claiming to be part of the civil societies, it is not possible to hold
dialogue with such an imposing culture. In view of the widespread Western
cultural influence the teasing question remains: How viable is dialogue? The
gravity of this problem entails the intellectuals to announce their views.

In linguistic terms dialogue can have two separate applications.

One that demonstrates the unsynchronized length of history through
chronological definitions and one that includes the presence of civilizations
in their geographical existence. Through the unsynchronized chronological
application dialogue among civilizations has repeatedly and invariably been
realized. Perhaps an outstanding example would be the dialogue between
Renaissance and the ancient Greeks and the ancient times.

The great thinkers of the Renaissance held profound dialogues with the
ancient civilizations of Rome and Greece. Synchronized dialogue, on the other
hand, is a dialogue held among varied civilizations existing in one period of
time across the globe.

Historical research has underlined both types of dialogue.

Dialogue among civilizations, however, is not merely formed by informative
arguments. Similar divisions have been accepted by both the sciences of
reason and principle. Arguments are then divided into informative and
comprehensive. Dialogue among civilizations is interpreted as such to include
both features. If it is taken for its informative and descriptive application
whether in the length of history or the geographical spectrum, this issue has
existed and if it is meant as recommendation and prescription it would
include two or three undefined areas. In the political area it is a
recommendation to politicians.

There is an area of global ethics and the other is the legal area.

If considered as a political issue the question would be when and where a
person, possessing insight in political conditions, could hold a dialogue.

A person who seeks benefit and tries to repel loss is a businessman.

The number of those who have benefited from influencing cultures and
civilizations is not small. A good portion of give-and-take in sciences and
cultures are naturally intertwined with this intention. However dialogue in
proper terms would not be attainable in this position.

The position would be where unspoken words become dialogue. This is not
either a paradox or a contradiction: more conversation does not equal more
dialogue. When dialogue is utilized to accomplish solidarity, a relation is
needed with the world where all efforts are put into understanding the other
side. Nonliterary means, such as arts, however, have a large part in dialogue
among civilizations. Ethnology is one profound concept that has evolved from
dialogue. Ethnology is usually associated with storytelling or mythology. The
public generally takes them lightly. It is, however, far from being
indistinct. History of philosophy in the least shows that philosophica bears
its roots in mythos and logica philosophica in philosophical visualization.
Locus is derived and reliant on myths and it is quite impossible to base
philosophical reasoning on logics applicable in mathematics.

Free traveling and historical immigration among different races have had the
biggest impact on the illumination of human souls and cultures of nations.
Therefore a large portion of dialogue was realized there. Philosophy also had
its equal shares. Many philosophical topics paved the way for dialogue among
civilizations and cultures. Maybe religion has played the biggest role.
Without in depth dialogue among religious scholars, no form of dialogue would
have been possible.

It has been said correctly that with no peace among religions political peace
is almost impossible.

The issue of dialogue among civilizations could be slimmed down to sheer
politics and politicians would not be the only people capable of discussing
it, although this issue has had its political impacts on Iran's ties with
other countries.

Dialogue among civilizations is not hemmed in by sociology, anthropology,
archaeology and political sciences or philosophy; it is a living matter that
should affect our daily life.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:13:35 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Vogts Might Coach Iranian National Team

Vogts Might Coach Iranian National Team

TEHRAN (DPA) - Former German national football team coach Berti Vogts visited
the Iranian tourist city of Isfahan on Saturday, increasing speculation that
he might become coach of the Iranian national team, it was reported
yesterday.

Iran has reportedly been interested in hiring Vogts in the past but talks
supposedly failed although the coach denies any negotiations with the
Iranians.

Despite denials regarding Vogts' employment, the Tehran press speculates that
the 51-year-old might still be considered for the job.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:15:03 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: MOHAJERANI: Expansion of Tourism Requires National Will

MOHAJERANI: Expansion of Tourism Requires National Will

* First Int'l Travel, Tourism Forum Opens in Kish Island

By Parisa Alinia

TEHRAN -- The First International Travel and Tourism Forum opened in Kish
Island yesterday with the participation of domestic and foreign experts.

Referring to a great many attractive sites in Iran for tourists, the director
general of the Kish Free Trade Zone Organization (KFTZO) pointed to Iran's
cultural heritage and ancient civilization as important elements that would
make the country a highly sought-after spot for foreign travelers.

Speaking at the inauguration ceremony held in Kish International University,
Mohammad Reza Yazdanpanah said that the approval of the Third Five-Year
Economic Development Plan (starts March 20) and the government's greater
emphasis on commerce and tourism would fare well for the development of the
Kish Island tourist industry. Also addressing the session, deputy minister of
culture and Islamic guidance and head of Iran Tourism Organization (ITO),
Mohammad Moezzedin said Iran's free trade zones (FTZs) have suitable climate
and required commercial facilities to attract foreign tourists. Additionally,
this can help remove negative views toward Iran, he stressed.

Various tourism-related projects are underway with all southeast Asian
countries, he noted, adding that operating of flight to Tehran by Saudi
airline is one of the country's crucial steps taken in political and tourism
areas.

Moezzedin further added that after coming to power of President Khatami, and
approval of year 2001 as the year of "dialogue Among Civilizations" by the
UN, Tehran hopes that during this year not only the image of Iran would
improve but also grounds would be paved for starting the dialogue.

Another speaker, Xu Jing, a representative from the World Tourism
Organization (WTO), read a message from Francesco Frangiali,
secretary-general of WTO, saying that Iran will be one of the leading tourism
destination in the world. "This is because the Tourism potential of the
country is immense," he underlined. Experts from the U.S., Germany, Britain,
Austria and some Asian countries are taking part in the two-day gathering
which is aimed at exploring avenues to develop the tourism industry in Iran.

Issues related to international tourism and potentials of Kish Island are
among major issues to be discussed by the participants in the gathering.

Also, Ataollah Mohajerani, minister of culture and Islamic guidance, said in
the Persian Gulf Island of Kish Friday that Iran had ignored tourism industry
over the past two decades due to imposed war and construction periods but it
has launched new attempts to improve the industry since two years ago.

He made the remark at a press conference on the sidelines of the First
International Tourism Fair being currently held in Kish.

He further pointed out that even such small countries as Tunisia whose area
is one quarter of Iran's, hosts 5 million tourists annually gaining a revenue
of $2 billion every year.

In answer to a question, the minister also said that it is natural for the
enemies of Iran to concentrate their efforts on tarnishing the picture of
Iran in the world.

He also added that some internal developments like occasional assaults on
tourists leaves an unfavorable impact on tourists but. Referring to the
emphasis the Iranian Leader and President put on the need to refrain from
illegal moves, the minister expressed hope that such acts should not be
repeated again.

Stressing that Iran's facilities to absorb foreign tourists were restricted,
he said the first step towards expanding tourism was that the Majlis, the
government and other relevant organizations should accept the necessity of
improving tourism in the country and then a national will to get to this goal
should be developed.

Replying to a question on cooperation between Iran and the Persian Gulf
littoral states in the field of tourism, Mohajerani said Iran has given
priority to expansion of ties with Islamic and Arab states.

Responding to another question on dissatisfaction of tourists with some of
the regulations they have to observe during their visit to Iran, the minister
said that such issues as observing Islamic dress code by the visiting
non-Muslim foreign women was a jurisprudential matter upon which Muslim
scholars can make decisions.

On measures taken so far to introduce Iran's tourist attractions to the
world, he described the role of the two international TV networks of Jam-e
Jam and Sahar as very significant and further pointed out that a grand
complex was to be established on the Kish Island which will be able to host
big international gatherings.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 20:15:46 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Quake Jolts Qasr-e Shirin in Western Iran

Quake Jolts Qasr-e Shirin in Western Iran

IRAN NEWS NATIONAL DESK

TEHRAN -- An earthquake measuring 3.6 degrees on the open-ended Richter scale
jolted the city of Qasr-e Shirin in the western Province of Kermanshah
yesterday, IRNA reported.

Kermanshah seismological center registered the epicenter of the quake at 160
km northwest of Kermanshah.

The tremor has reportedly caused no damage or casualties.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 21:33:14 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Iran Protests Against Iraq for Harboring Terrorists

Iran Protests Against Iraq for Harboring Terrorists
TEHRAN TIMES POLITICAL DESK
TEHRAN Following the infiltration of a number of some members of the
terrorist Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) into Iran, Tehran officially
served protest note to Iraq for harboring the terrorist group.


The MKO members who infiltrated into Iran with sabotage objectives had
attacked the villagers of southern Iranian village of Chalsarab in Ilam. In
the attacks three villagers were martyred and five of them injured.


According to the Press Office of the Foreign Ministry, Iran's government in a
note to Iraqi government strongly protested against the hostile act.
Iran in the note held the Iraqi government responsible for the sabotage since
it allowed the terrorist MKO to maintain its forces in that country.


Iran warned Iraq for the consequences of such hostile acts and that Tehran
reserves the right to defend itself.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 21:34:18 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Niazi: Serial Murders Could Lead to Coup

Niazi: Serial Murders Could Lead to Coup

TEHRAN TIMES POLITICAL DESK
TEHRAN Head of the Military Judicial Organization, Ali Niazi said Sunday that
very soon some new information on the serial murders will be released.
Speaking at a meeting organized by senior managers of the Defense Ministry he
said, If the serial murders had not been discovered the system would have
faced serious problems.


The murderers were affiliated to foreign enemies and were did not belong to
any faction in the country, he added.
Referring to the precise plans of the murderers to create crisis in the
country, he said, the continuation of the activities of the destructive group
could lead to a coup in the country, he said, adding, The murders had
prepared a plan to attribute the murders to the clergy and Islamic decrees.


There are still some accused related to the murders who have not been
arrested.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 21:35:43 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Yazdan-Panah: Opening of U.S. Consulate in Kish Welcome

Yazdan-Panah: Opening of U.S. Consulate in Kish Welcome

TEHRAN TIMES POLITICAL DESK
TEHRAN Head of Kish Free Trade Zone Organization Mohammadreza Yazdan-Panah
said that if the U.S. is willing to open its consulate in Kish Island the
organization would convey the issue to the Foreign Ministry with a positive
attitude.


Yazdan-Panah made the remark in an exclusive interview with the Persian-daily
Abrar-e Eqtessadi published on Sunday.
Yazdan-Panah said that all the people around the world except the Israeli
citizens can enter the Kish Island without any visas.


There is no limitation for the Americans also to enter the island, he added.
Asked about the organization's reply if it receives a request from the United
States for opening of its consulate in the Kish Island, Yazdan-Panah said the
decision is to be made by the Foreign Ministry.


He added however that his organization will refer the request to the ministry
with a positive attitude.

Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2000 21:43:56 EST
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Iran Probes Judge for Pigeon Deaths

Iran Probes Judge for Pigeon Deaths

By The Associated Press
TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- A disciplinary court will investigate the Iranian judge
who ordered 170 pigeons to be slaughtered after two neighbors fought over who
owned one of the birds, a judicial official was quoted Sunday as saying.

``The head of the judiciary expressed sorrow upon hearing the verdict and
ordered a probe into the case,'' Abdolreza Izadpanah, an adviser to judiciary
chief Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi, told Entekhab newspaper.

The judge, who was not been named, ordered the pigeons be slaughtered last
week, after hearing a case in which two neighbors were accused of fighting
over one of the birds. The neighbors were also accused of illegally breeding
the birds, and the judge fined them $167 each.

The pigeons were slaughtered the same day the verdict was announced,
prompting condemnations from animal protection groups and ordinary Iranians.

The investigation will be carried out by the Judges Disciplinary Court, the
newspaper said, but did not specify what charges the judge might face

Date: Mon, 24 Jan 2000 01:01:17 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: ASIAN ALL-STARS 0 IRAN 5 (0:3)

Tehran, 21 January 2000 -

As evident from the scoreline, Iran had a fairly easy time in this match
against an under strength Asian All-Stars side who did not have the
services of players like Hidetoshi Nakata.

Iran fresh from a recent 1-1 draw against the United States, started off
on a aggressive note with captain Ali Daei spearheading the attack. Ali
Daei started the goalscoring in the 20th minute when he received a pass
from Karim Bahgeri in the box to head the ball home.

He was on target again when he sneaked in another goal past an Asian
All-Stars side, which was rather weak in defense.

The All-Stars -side got only two real shots at goal in the first half
but failed to make headway. It was the home team that knocked in another
goal just before the breather when Ali Mousavi broke through the
All-Stars defense and let loose a shot that shook the netting.

The Asian All-Star's side failed to get their act together after lemon
time and were kept on the defensive throughout the second half. A missed
penalty by Esan Salem in the second half added to the team's woes.

As it was, Ali Daei contributed another goal for his side and with
Sirous Din-Mohammadi netting another, IR Iran won the cheers of their
fans. Goals scored: Ali Daei (IRN #10) 20', Ali Daei (IRN #10) 22', Ali
Mousavi (IRN #16)44', Sirous Din-Mohammadi (IRN #9) 46', Ali Daei (IRN
#10) 82'.

Starting Line-up:

Iran: 1 Parviz Broumand (GK), 2 Behrouz Rahbarifar, 4 Mehdi
Hashemi-Nassab, 5 Nader Mohammadkhani (CAPT), 6 Karim Bagheri, 9 Sirous
Din-Mohammadi, 10 Ali Daei, 11 Khodadad Azizi, 14 Mohammad Navazi, 15
Esmail Halali, 16 Ali Mousavi. COACH: M. Pourheidari.

All-Stars: 1, Mohamed Anyas (GK), 2 Atsuhiro Miura, 5 Hong Myung-bo
(CAPT), 7 Tran Cong-minh, 9 Badran Shaqran, 10 Esan Salem, 11 Lee
Dong-gook, 13 Shirshov Nikolay, 14 Khvoshinov Alexander, 16 Jamal Taha,
17 Ruslan Baltiyev. COACH: Khalil Ibrahim.

Half-time: 0:3 Spectators: 45,000.

###

Tehran, 21 January 2000

Date: Mon, 24 Jan 2000 01:07:46 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iranian official calls for US consulate in Kish

TEHRAN, Jan 23 (AFP) - The head of the free trade area on the Iranian
Gulf island of Kish called in an interview published Thursday for the
United States to be allowed to open a consulate on the island.
"If the United States asks to open a consulate on Kish we will take a
positive approach to this request and refer it to the foreign ministry,
Mohammad-Reza Yazdanpanah was quoted as saying by the economic edition
of the daily Abrar.

"Americans, like the citizens of any other country, can come to Kish
without needing a visa. Except for Israelis, there are no restrictions
on citizens of other countries," he said.

Last November 28 Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi rejected a US
request to open a consular section in Tehran.

Tehran and Washington broke diplomatic relations in 1980 in the wake of
the seizure of staff of the US embassy in Iran as hostages during the
Islamic revolution.

Moves by the United States towards official contacts have been rebuffed
by Iran, which says they are not sincere.

Kharazi said in London earlier this month that Washington should
release billions of dollars of frozen Iranian assets and end its
embargo of Iran first.

Date: Mon, 24 Jan 2000 01:10:28 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: IPS: ONLY A STRONG IRAN CAN SAFEGUARD THE SECURITY OF ISRAEL

LONDON 22 Jan. (IPS) A leading Iranian newspaper warned Israel not to seek to
weaken or destroy Iran as only a strong Iran can safeguard a lasting peace and
security for the whole region, including Israel itself.

Commenting on the Israel's sustained efforts to stop Iran acquiring modern
weapons needed for it's "legitimate" defence, the London-based Iranian
independent weekly newspaper "Nimrooz" said there was no reason that Israel
have access to all kind of most modern warfare including nuclear bomb and
Iran,
a country surrounded by big and small enemies on all fronts, be deprived.

Under the title of "Necessity for the Presence of a Strong Iran", the
Persian-language weekly observed that only the presence of a strong Iran could
safeguard the security and existence of Israel and other nations of the
region.

Pointing out to a recent Radio Israel news justifying the purchase, by Israel,
of 50 new F-16 fighters, explaining at length that a country surrounded by
enemies needed to be armed and prepared, the same Radio would immediately
denounce, "with an arogant accent", Iran's intention of buying three new
nuclear reactors from Russia, Nimrooz said "if Israel think that it need most
modern arms, including 50 F-16, this is Iran's perfect right to arm itself
with
nuclear weapons, the best of the fighters and advanced military arsenals,
as it
is encircled by big and small enemies".

The paper that has the largest circulation of Iranian publications outside
Iran
and is opposed to the present Islamic regime of Tehran criticised the Israeli
policy of seeking dismemberment of Iran, saying in the view of Israelis, there
must be only one strong and domineering nation in the region and that is
Israel
while Iran, a nation (also) encircled by enemies, must be kept weak,
humiliated
and allowed to be disintegrated.

"Never during the past 5000 and more years of Iranian history was Israel
menaced by a powerful Iran. Was Iran a threat to Israel when it was the
gendarme of the Persian Gulf? Could Saddam Hussein dare to attack Kuwait and
launch missile over Israel if Iran was not weakened as a result of the bloody,
backward, damaging Islamic revolution? When Israel's security was menaced
more?
Was it when Iran was the dominating power of the region or when it plunged
into
the abysses of the revolution?" Nimrooz asked.

Observing that by insisting on a strong Iran the paper was not defending the
present clerical dictatorship that has brought havoc to both Iran and the
Iranians, the paper said Iran must be so strong as to allow the Israelis to
live in peace withing their secured borders.

"The Israeli should not forget that they partly owes their survival to the
Iranians, to the Iranian Kings who sheltered and protected the Jews, making
them citizens of Iran and equal to Iranians, that many Israelis were Iranians
before becoming Israeli. Let's not tensions created by an ephemeral, turbulent
regime hurts human sentiments in both countries, a mistake that could cause
lasting wounds", Nimrooz concluded. NIMROOZ 22100

Date: Mon, 24 Jan 2000 01:10:09 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Dialogue on Iran-US relations encouraging: Swiss FM

TEHRAN, Jan 23 (AFP) -
Swiss Foreign Minister Franz von Daniken said here Sunday that he had
established a "critical but encouraging dialogue" with the Iranian authorities
on relations between the Islamic republic and the United States.

"We discussed our approach to Iran-US and Swiss-US relations. There is a
critical but encouraging dialogue," the Swiss official told a press conference
after a two-day visit.

Washington and Tehran broke off diplomatic relations in 1980, after staff at
the US embassy in Tehran were taken hostage. In recent months the United
States
has been seeking a political dialogue with Iran as well as the opening of a
consular section, both so far in vain.

"We have had exchanges on this issue," von Daniken said, after a meeting with
Deputy Foreign Minister Morteza Sarmadi.

"I am saying that the Iranians are deeply aware of the importance of the
United
States, and are taking account of the role the United States plays," he said,
citing major international organisations and the Middle East peace process.

Switzerland is proud to represent US interests in Tehran but it is "the full
right of the United States to use other channels" to approach Iran, he said.

Von Daniken also announced that Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi would
make two visits to Switzerland, the first to take part in the Davos summit on
January 29 and the second on an official visit to Bern at the invitation of
Federal Councellor Joseph Deiss, the date of which has yet to be set.

On the issue of Iran-Switzerland relations, von Daniken said: "The two
governments have come through a troubled period in their relations," adding he
had raised the question of human rights with Iranian officials.

"There is on the Iranian side a clear determination to enlarge and intensify
relations with Switzerland in the political and economic sectors." he said,
noting the possibility that Swiss banks could establish themselves in the Kish
Island free trade zone in Persian Gulf.

The head of the free zone called in an interview published Thursday for the
United States to be allowed to open a consulate on the island.

"If the United States asks to open a consulate on Kish we will take a positive
approach to this request and refer it to the foreign ministry, Mohammad-Reza
Yazdanpanah was quoted as saying by the economic edition of the daily Abrar.

"Americans, like the citizens of any other country, can come to Kish without
needing a visa. Except for Israelis, there are no restrictions on citizens of
other countries," he said.

Last November 28 Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi rejected a US request
to open a consular section in Tehran.

Date: Mon, 24 Jan 2000 01:09:46 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iran Probes Judge for Pigeon Deaths (!?)

(I am not sure if this is true or hoax, but it sounds like a joke to me
/Farhad)

Updated 3:28 PM ET January 23, 2000
TEHRAN, Iran (AP) - A disciplinary court will investigate the Iranian judge
who
ordered 170 pigeons to be slaughtered after two neighbors fought over who
owned
one of the birds, a judicial official was quoted Sunday as saying.
"The head of the judiciary expressed sorrow upon hearing the verdict and
ordered a probe into the case," Abdolreza Izadpanah, an adviser to judiciary
chief Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi, told Entekhab newspaper.

The judge, who was not been named, ordered the pigeons be slaughtered last
week, after hearing a case in which two neighbors were accused of fighting
over
one of the birds. The neighbors were also accused of illegally breeding the
birds, and the judge fined them $167 each.

The pigeons were slaughtered the same day the verdict was announced, prompting
condemnations from animal protection groups and ordinary Iranians.

The investigation will be carried out by the Judges Disciplinary Court, the
newspaper said, but did not specify what charges the judge might face.

Date: Mon, 24 Jan 2000 01:10:51 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: FWD: Oil workers protest in Iran

Topic Starter: IN Topic: Oil workers protest in Iran
Author: IN
Posted: Fri Jan 21 9:05 PM

Protests by Iran's Oil workers


On Monday the 17th of January workers in Abadan Oil refinery joined a
gathering
to protest about the reduction of the real value of their wages in comparison
with the high rate of inflation and in protest at the poor quality of houses
assigned to them as a 'privilege' for working for the Oil industry. These
houses are deprived of the most basic hygiene conditions.


The protest by Abadan oil workers came at a time when similar demonstrations
and protests have taken place daily by oil workers and workers in many other
sectors. Oil pipeline workers in Ahvaz, oil workers in Ramhormorz , oil
trainees in Tehran have already expressed their despair at job losses or
threats to their jobs by demonstrating in the last few weeks. All this in one
of the most important sectors of Iranian economy at a time when oil prices .
Workers in other sectors, from agricultural workers in Lorestan to textile
workers in Mazanderan have been demonstrating, staging sit ins and protests
since early Jan 2000. Iranian workers demand an end to job losses, payment of
their salaries and better conditions of social security. The government admits
that in over 500 factories and workshop workers have not been paid any
salaries
for the last few months.

Throughout the last six months we have followed some 130 workers protests in
Iran and various publications associated with Workers Left Unity have reported
these protests , however the fact that one of the organised sections of the
Iranian working class, Iran's oil workers have now joined the wave of workers
protests is a significant factor which will undoubtedly encourage further
workers protests and improve the morale of the working class as it continues
its struggles for the right to work, the right to be paid for work done,
better
wages, better conditions, improved housing, health care....

We extend our total support to Iran's oil workers and will do all in our power
to defend the struggles of Iranian Oil workers and Iranian workers in
general .

The co-ordinating Committee of Workers Left Unity-Iran
19/1/2000

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 22 Jan 2000 to 23 Jan 2000 - Special issue