Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 30 Jan 2000 to 31 Jan 2000
There are 14 messages totalling 1191 lines in this issue.
Topics of the day:
1. HUNDREDS OF IRANIAN REFUGEES FACE DEPORTATION FROM TURKEY
2. Europe Must Shun MKO
3. Countdown Final to Ballot
4. Setting up of New Ministry for Family, Youth Being Considered
5. Iran to Carry Out Exercises Near Iraqi Border
6. LARIJANI: Iran-EU Talks Should Expand to Cover NATO
7. press review
8. Anti-Iran Extremist Arrested in Ottawa
9. U.A.E. Leader Calls for Islands Deal With Iran, Arab Summit
10. Lists of the Names of Incompatible Candidates
11. U.S. Will Closely Watch Iranian Election Results, Albright
12. ALE-ESHAQ: Strategies to Promote Exports Were Missing in 1st, 2nd Plans
13. Agassi Wins Australian Open Title
14. Three Die in Iranian Avalanche
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 14:59:15 EST
Subject: HUNDREDS OF IRANIAN REFUGEES FACE DEPORTATION FROM TURKEY
International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR)
1- Urgent Action
2- Hambastegi 86
1- HUNDREDS OF IRANIAN REFUGEES IN TURKEY
FACE POSSIBLE DEPORTATION TO IRAN
January 31, 2000
On January 26, 2000, the Turkish police accused all Iranian refugees
residing in the border town of Agri of entering Turkey legally and with
passports though they have registered with the authorities and the
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as having
entered without official documents. In Turkey, those entering without
passports must file their claims within ten days at a border town nearest
where they entered Turkey. Approximately 500 Iranian refugees live
With this blanket and unsubstantiated accusation, the Turkish police
have demanded that all refugees hand over their alleged passports or
lose their temporary residency in Turkey, thereby facing refoulement
(forcible return) to Iran. Numerous refugees and activists of the
International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR) have confirmed the
situation and the prevailing fear among refugees, including that several
have fled to other cities in Turkey in order to escape possible deportation.
IFIR condemns the Turkish authorities' attack on Iranian refugee rights.
The Turkish government is duty-bound to protect Iranians seeking refuge
and cannot threaten their lives and security with unsubstantiated and
general accusations. Nonetheless, with or without official documentation,
Iranians have the right to seek protection from persecution.
IFIR calls on all groups and individuals to demand that the Turkish
authorities respect refugee rights and cease threatening their lives and
security in Agri.
Protest letters can be sent to the following e-mails and fax numbers:
Suleyman Demirel, President, Cankaya@tccb.gov.tr; Bulent Ecevit,
Prime Minister, Ddlbsl@tccb.gov.tr; Baki Ilkin, Ambassador to the US,
firstname.lastname@example.org; Cahit Bayar, Minister of Interior,
011-90-312-417-2390; Ismail Cem, Minister of Foreign Affairs,
011-90-312-419-1547 (e-mail: email@example.com). Send copies
of your letters to the UNHCR Representative in Turkey, firstname.lastname@example.org
and IFIR, email@example.com.
Suleyman Demirel, President, e-mail: Cankaya@tccb.gov.tr
Bulent Ecevit, Prime Minister, e-mail: Ddlbsl@tccb.gov.tr
Baki Ilkin, Ambassador to the US, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cahit Bayar, Minister of Interior, fax: 011-90-312-417-2390
Ismail Cem, Minister of Foreign Affairs, fax: 011-90-312-419-1547,
On January 26, 2000, the Turkish police accused all Iranian refugees residing
in the border town of Agri of entering Turkey legally and with passports
though they have registered with the authorities and the United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as having entered without
official documents. Approximately 500 Iranian refugees live in Agri.
With this blanket and unsubstantiated accusation, the Turkish police
have demanded that refugees hand over their alleged passports or lose
their temporary residency in Turkey, thereby facing refoulement
(forcible return) to Iran.
I / my organization condemn(s) the Turkish authorities' attack on
Iranian refugee rights. The Turkish government is duty-bound to protect
Iranians seeking refuge and cannot threaten their lives and security with
unsubstantiated and general accusations. Nonetheless, with or
without official documentation, Iranians have the right to seek protection
CC: Mirza Hussein Khan, UNHCR Representative in Turkey, e-mail:
email@example.com; International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR),
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: 212-425-7260.
2- HAMBASTEGI 86
December 1999 to January 2000
IRANIAN WOMEN ASYLUM SEEKERS ARE BEATEN BY
THE GERMAN POLICE
Condemn the German Government's Violations of Refugee Rights
December 23, 1999
A REFUGEE COMMITS SUICIDE IN PAKISTAN
Condemn the UNHCR's Policies and Practices
January 6, 2000
BAHRAM JALALI MUST NOT BE DEPORTED TO IRAN FROM
PROTEST THE EXECUTION ORDERS OF AKBAR MOHAMMAD
AND AHMAD BATEBI
January 4, 2000
IN DEFENSE OF AFGHAN AND IRAQI IMMIGRANTS LIVING IN IRAN
November 30, 1999
LISTEN TO IFIR'S WEEKLY RADIO PROGRAM
December 21, 1999
JOIN CHILDREN FIRST
November 13, 1999
IRANIAN WOMEN ASYLUM SEEKERS ARE BEATEN BY THE
Condemn the German Government's Violations of Refugee
December 23, 1999
The German government's refugee rights violations have reached
unprecedented heights. Last month in Nurenberg, the German police
violently beat four Iranian women asylum seekers, namely Roya Mosayebi,
Laleh Saadat, Nosrat Hajsoltani, and Zohreh Firuzan, in order to forcibly
veil them. The police then took pictures of the wounded women for
completion of their files at the Iranian Embassy in order to facilitate
their deportation (refoulement) to Iran. In another incident in Bremen,
the German police doctored an unveiled picture of Jamileh B. with a
computer for the same purpose.
Subsequent outrage at these acts has prompted the Bremen authorities
to back down. However, in response to Roya Mosayebi's complaint to
the Arnsbach court, that court has found that the Nurenberg authorities
"acted in accordance with the law." In its haste to further legitimize
the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Arnsbach court has confused German
laws with that of the Islamic Republic's. It is in the Islamic Republic of
Iran (and now in Germany) that women are imprisoned, beaten, tortured
and forcibly veiled.
The brutal acts against Mosayebi and the others are a continuation of
the German government's policy of blatantly supporting one of the
most heinous regimes of this century. The German government has
revealed that it will do anything, including routinely re-victimizing the
survivors of two decades of sexual apartheid, to further its economic
and political interests.
The International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR) calls on individuals
and groups to resolutely condemn the German government's violations
of refugee and human rights and demand: * an end to deportations to Iran,
* asylum for all women and others fleeing the Islamic Republic of Iran,
* "refugee sur place" status to the five women and others whose lives
and security have been endangered because they have become known
to the Iranian authorities for their protests and political opposition
activities in Germany, and * full social benefits for asylum seekers and
an end to the policy of denying social benefits to those who have received
Send your protest letters, e-mails, and faxes to the following
* Josef Fischer, Foreign Minister; address: Platz der Republik 1, 11011
Berlin, Germany; e-mail: www.bundestag.de/btengver/mail/mail.htm;
fax: +49 228 17 30 33.
* Otto Schily, Interior Minister; address: Platz der Republik 1, 11011
Berlin, Germany; e-mail: www.bundestag.de/btengver/mail/mail.htm;
fax: +49 30 39 81 29 26.
* Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU) and the Christian
Social Union (CSU): e-mail: email@example.com,
* Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD): e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org,
email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com,
firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +49 288 164 6800.
* Free Democratic Party (FDP): e-mail: email@example.com.
* Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS): address:
Jagerstr. 67, 10117, Berlin, Germany; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org,
email@example.com; fax: +49 30 24 11 046.
* Alliance 90/The Greens: address: Luisenstr. 32-34, 10117 Berlin,
Germany; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; fax: 49 30 22 75 65 52.
* Jürgen Chrobog, Ambassador; German Embassy; address: 4645
Reservoir Rd., Washington, DC 20007-1998; e-mail:
email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org; fax: (202) 298-4249
Only united protests will push back the German government's assault
on refugee rights and unequivocally defend those seeking protection.
A REFUGEE COMMITS SUICIDE IN PAKISTAN
Condemn the UNHCR's Policies and Practices
January 6, 2000
On January 3, 2000, Reza Afshar, a fifty-year-old Iranian asylum seeker,
committed suicide in protest to the policies of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Islamabad, Pakistan.
Afshar who had struggled for so long to save his life took it with his own
hands and became yet another victim of the Islamic Republic of Iran and
the new world order's inhuman refugee policies. Today, other refugees
and the International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR) Branch in
Pakistan organized and paid for his burial.
Afshar had told the IFIR-Branch in Pakistan that four years ago, the UNHCR
had rejected him after asking only two non-biographical questions pertaining
to his claim. When he returned to the UNHCR on an appointed date to
obtain their decision on his claim, the agency seized his UN letter and
closed his casefile. The Pakistani authorities then imprisoned him for 40
months. When the government finally released him recently, Afshar
returned to seek assistance from the UNHCR. He was sleeping in front
of that office (located across from the embassy of the Islamic Republic of
Iran) for lack of accommodations. After presenting several letters
requesting assistance, the UNHCR gave him a notice that his case remained
closed. Distraught and unwilling to return to Iran, Afshar took his own life
IFIR condemns the UNHCR's utter disregard for refugee lives and holds
that agency directly responsible for Afshar's death. The UNHCR's
bureaucracy, lengthy determination procedures, interrogatory interviews,
lack of a satisfactory appeals process, and withholding of reasons
for rejection are responsible for Afshar's death. The UNHCR's non-provision
of any financial and living assistance to asylum seekers, and its failure
to provide adequate protection and resettlement opportunities are
responsible for innumerable such acts of desperation and lost lives in
Pakistan and elsewhere.
IFIR calls on all to condemn the UNHCR Pakistan's violations of Reza
Afshar's (case number I-16056) human rights by sending protest letter to
the UNHCR in Pakistan (e-mail: email@example.com or fax: +92-5127-9455)
and the UNHCR in Geneva (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, +41-22-739-7353).
BAHRAM JALALI MUST NOT BE DEPORTED TO IRAN FROM GERMANY
Bahram Jalali, a political activist, is at imminent risk of being deported to
Iran from Germany. Jalali face a serious threat to his life and liberty if
forcibly returned. The International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR)
condemns the German government's plan to deport Jalali and demands
that the government grants him protection. Jalali has a well-founded
fear of persecution based on his political opinion. Furthermore, due to
his continued activism against the Islamic Republic of Iran in Germany,
Jalali is also a "refugee sur place."
In Iran, Jalali was a supporter of the Sazman-e- Cherikha-ye-Fadaian-e-
Khalq (Ashraf). In 1981 when a comrade was arrested and executed, Jalali
went into hiding but was arrested and imprisoned for 37 months. While
in prison, Jalali was seriously tortured. He was whipped until he
lost consciousness and was hung from the ceiling. He was starved,
often refused visitation rights for months, beaten, psychologically
abused and humiliated, and urinated on. His closest friends and
comrades were killed. After 37 months, he was given a suspended
sentence of three years and was released but only after agreeing to
discontinue his activities against the regime. Upon his release,
Jalali was discriminated against as a former political prisoner. Jalali
continued his political activities against the regime with Workers in
Exile at the factory in which he worked. While organizing a strike, he
was exposed by the Islamic council of his factory and forced to flee
to Germany in 1995.
In addition to his opposition activities in Iran, Jalali has continued
his activities against the Islamic regime as an important and well-known
activist of the IFIR-Muenster Branch. In 1996, he became familiar with
the Worker-communist Party of Iran (WPI) and later joined the WPI.
Since December 1997, he has produced a monthly television program
condemning the regime. He has also given speeches, conducted
several interviews with the media, and actively participated in numerous
demonstrations against the regime. His activities in Iran and
Germany and his imminent deportation have been publicized in various
IFIR calls on all groups and individuals to condemn the German
government's plan to deport Jalali to his persecutors and demand that
he be granted protection. IFIR holds the German government accountable
for his life and security. Send your protest letters to:
Oberverwaltungsgreicht, fuer das Land Nordrhein Westfalen, 48143 Muenster,
Germany, AKT: 5K 415/96 A Muenster (Bahram Jalali), Fax: +49-251-50 53 52.
PROTEST THE EXECUTION ORDERS OF AKBAR MOHAMMAD AND AHMAD BATEBI
January 4, 2000
The Islamic Republic of Iran has officially announced the execution orders
of Akbar Mohammadi and Ahmad Batebi who along with hundreds of
others were imprisoned during the six days of protests in July 1999. In
the past months, execution orders and long-term prison sentences of a
number of unnamed individuals have been reported unofficially.
The International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR) condemns the brutal
Islamic Republic of Iran and calls on groups and individuals to join IFIR's
Urgent Action Campaign. Condemn the Islamic Republic of Iran for its
repression and denial of basic human rights; demand an end to executions
and the immediate and unconditional release of all political prisoners,
including those arrested during the July 1999 protests; and demand
unconditional freedom of assembly, association and expression. Send
your protest letters, resolutions and petitions to Ali Khamenei and
Mohammad Khatami, at the Presidency, Palestine Avenue, Azerbaijan
Intersection, Tehran, Iran. E-mail: Iranemb@salamiran.org;
IN DEFENSE OF AFGHAN AND IRAQI IMMIGRANTS LIVING IN IRAN
November 30, 1999
On November 15, 1999, the parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran
passed a law permitting the expulsion of two million Iraqi and
Afghan immigrants from Iran by the end of year 2000. The International
Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR) condemns this racist and
reactionary policy of the Islamic regime.
Having defended the right to asylum, work, residence and citizenship
of Iranians in various countries for the past decade, IFIR is all too
familiar with policies, which aim to scapegoat immigrants. The Islamic
Republic of Iran's own policies and capitalism are responsible for poverty,
misery and unemployment, and not immigrants who are the most
exploited segment of the working class in Iran.
IFIR calls on all groups and individuals to defend the new citizens of Iran
and prevent a human tragedy by sending protest letters, resolutions
and petitions to Ali Khamenei and Mohammad Khatami, at the
Presidency, Palestine Avenue, Azerbaijan Intersection, Tehran, Iran.
E-mail: Iranemb@salamiran.org; email@example.com. Send a copy
of your letters to IFIR.
LISTEN TO IFIR'S WEEKLY RADIO PROGRAM
December 21, 1999
Listen to the International Federation of Iranian Refugees' weekly radio
program which discusses refugee and human rights issues as well
as organizing efforts on Saturdays from 9:00pm to 9:15pm Tehran time
on 41 meters short wave (7520 kilohertz). The program is broadcast
via Radio International that can be heard in Iran, surrounding countries
as well as in Europe. Radio International broadcasts daily programs
from 9:00pm to 9:30pm.
JOIN CHILDREN FIRST
A section of the Founding Document by Soraya Shahabi and Mansoor Hekmat,
November 13, 1999
Children First (CF) is a voluntary independent organization formed to defend
the civil and human rights of children and to fight for improvements in
their living conditions and social status worldwide. CF regards the
physical and emotional well-being of all children, their welfare and their
free development as the paramount priority under all circumstances and
views the position of the child as a fundamental measure of the worth of
any society and culture. The way a society treats its children is the
most telling testimony to its humanity and liberty. Children must come
first, above any national, economic, political, ideological, religious
and cultural considerations and interests. CF is an international campaign,
both in its outlook and in the scope of its activities and does not
recognize any geographical, political, national, ethnic, cultural and
religious barriers, and boundaries to its defense of the rights of children.
Join Children First.
For more information contact CF, 1661 Denison Street, P. O. Box 76682,
Markham, Ontario L3R 0N5, Canada. Tel: 1-416-434-1545.
Fax: 1-781-735-8359. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
For more information: contact Maryam Namazie, GPO, PO Box 7051,
New York, NY 10116. Tel: 212-747-1046. Fax: 212-425-7260. E-mail:
email@example.com. Website: www.hambastegi.org
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:41:13 EST
Subject: Europe Must Shun MKO
IRAN NEWS EDITORIAL JANUARY 31, 2000
Europe Must Shun MKO
The World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, Switzerland, ended Saturday amidst
lots of criticism and protest mainly against the U.S. economic domination of
the rest of the world.
Switzerland is known for its neutrality, peaceful polices and coexistence
with other countries. It is also known for its democratic system of
government. So, violent demonstrations that took place there during the WEF
More surprising and unacceptable was the attack on Iran's delegates to the
forum. Dr. Kamal Kharazi and Dr. Mohammad Hussein Adeli were attacked by a
mob of Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) members who inflicted serious
injuries to Dr. Adeli's eye.
This shameful incident was not the first involving the MKO. The traitorous
group, abusing the hospitality of host countries in Europe, attacked
President Khatami's motorcade while he was visiting Rome recently. The group
also crossed the boundaries of peaceful demonstration when the president went
Other Iranian dignitaries have also been the target of MKO's cowardly
attacks. Minister of Culture, Dr. Ataollah Mohajerani was attacked by members
of the same so called organization in Paris while attending a UNESCO
conference last year. UNESCO's Director-General, Federico Mayor, later
officially apologized to Dr. Mohajerani.
The European countries pride themselves in their democratic system of
government which allows its citizens, as well as others residing in their
countries, to protest "peacefully" against anyone they believe is acting
against their interests.
The key word here is "peacefully", which means no violence or physical
contact with the subject of the protest. It also means that the right to
protest does not include the right to do physical harm to anyone under any
The European countries cannot claim that they were caught by surprise. They
knew full well that the MKO, a violent and warmongering group, planned to
protest against Iranian officials during the abovementioned visits. They
should have had the foresight to make proper arrangements to prevent what
Europeans keep aggrandizing their democratic system and try to excuse their
own shortcomings (which border on deliberate policies of allowing this kind
of incident to happen) on the same democratic system they are so proud of.
They claim that in a democratic country the government cannot prevent their
citizens and foreign residents from airing their grievances against issues
and individuals, but they have no credible explanation for allowing these
protests to turn into shameful and cowardly attacks on foreign delegates.
MKO has been accorded a lot of leeway in Europe, mostly because it has
managed to fool a lot of European politicians who support it and facilitate
its fund raising activities. However, the time has come for Europe to
reconsider its policy vis-a-vis this terrorist group that totally ignores the
laws of Europe and attacks anyone it wishes at will. The reason MKO is so
arrogant is that its members have so far been shielded by certain European
politicians that oppose the Islamic Republic.
Europe, in the interest of its expanding relations with the Islamic Republic,
and in order to comply with international norms, must put the culprits on
trial. It should also withhold permission for future demonstrations by
members of this terrorist group which, after all, have proven time and again
that they do not abide by any law even when they are guests in foreign
Europe should also remember that if the MKO thought it had any legitimacy in
the eyes of the Iranian people, it would not use Iraq as its headquarters.
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:42:45 EST
Subject: Countdown Final to Ballot
IRAN NEWS POLITICS JANUARY 31, 2000
Countdown Final to Ballot
Abdullah Nouri yesterday urged Iranian parties and groups supporting him not
to place his name in their lists of candidates for the Sixth Majlis
Elections, slated for February 18.
Ali-Reza Nouri, the brother of Abdullah quoted his brother as calling on
groups not to put his name in their lists of candidates and on future voters
not to write his name in their ballot sheets in view of the fact that he had
been deprived of participating in the parliamentary elections.
Abdullah Nouri also invited the Iranian people to massively participate in
the parliamentary elections.
Secretary of Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) Hassan Rowhani said
that Expediency Council Chairman Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani's presence in the
Sixth Majlis would benefit the government.
Rowhani said Rafsanjani is an independent personality without any affiliation
to any group. He is neither rightist nor leftist, rather he has always been
thinking of the national interests, said the parliamentarian.
"His presence will further stabilize the Majlis and rid it of unnecessary
tensions," he added.
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:49:48 EST
Subject: Setting up of New Ministry for Family, Youth Being Considered
Setting up of New Ministry for Family, Youth Being Considered
IRAN NEWS NATIONAL DESK
TEHRAN -- Presidential adviser and head of Center for Women's Contribution,
Zahra Shojaie, said in Urmia, West Azarbaijan Province Saturday that
establishment of a new ministry for family and the youth affairs is being
She said the plan was proposed to establish a strong body to deal with the
affairs of women and the youth but it has yet to be ratified.
She further noted that for the first time in the country 20 billion rials
plus 30 million rials have been allocated in next year budget plan to be
spent on handling the affairs of women and young people respectively.
Formation of expert groups on women's affairs has envisioned in the Third
Economic Development Plan March 2000 - March 2005 to create job opportunities
for women, concentrate on their legal problems and improve their living
conditions, the presidential adviser added.
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:51:09 EST
Subject: Iran to Carry Out Exercises Near Iraqi Border
Iran to Carry Out Exercises Near Iraqi Border
IRAN NEWS POLITIICAL DESK
TEHRAN -- The Iranian army is to carry out a series of military exercises
from today (Monday) in the west and southwest of Iran near the Iraqi border.
The exercises, named "Zolfaqar Velayat 1 and 2", or "Sword of the Spiritual
Leader 1 and 2", aim to raise "the defense and attack capabilities of Iranian
ground troops," according to General Ibrahim Ashtiani, deputy commander of
Ashtiani said that commandos and paratroopers would exercise near Ahwaz,
Abadan and Khorramshahr in the southwestern Khuzestan Province, Reuters
The maneuvers, whose duration was not revealed, will include a series of
rapid response exercises. These exercises aim to help the army deal with
"crisis and emergency situations where the army needs to intervene rapidly,"
"Paratroopers will be dropped in particular in the Mehran and Salehabad
regions (near the Iraqi border) to dislodge a fictional enemy," he added.
"Soldiers from two army brigades will then intervene on the ground to
eliminate the enemy," he said.
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:52:16 EST
Subject: LARIJANI: Iran-EU Talks Should Expand to Cover NATO
LARIJANI: Iran-EU Talks Should Expand to Cover NATO
IRAN NEWS POLITICAL DESK
TEHRAN -- Deputy head of parliamentary commission on foreign policy,
Mohammad-Javad Larijani in a meeting with Belgian Ambassador Guillaume Matin,
said yesterday that negotiations between Iran and the European Union (EU)
should enter into a serious stage and include the North Atlantic Treaty
Larijani voiced support for Iran-EU negotiations and believed that the
negotiations should be followed more seriously to include Iran's relations
with the NATO.
Larijani said he believed that the Islamic Republic of Iran should exchange
views with the NATO's secretary-general on the new charter of the NATO and
the performance of the military organization.
According to IRNA, he said he is pleased with the growth in the political and
economic relations between Iran and the European countries adding that
Iran-EU economic cooperation should not be limited to the ordinary trade of
Matin said Belgium is interested in promotion of political and economic
relations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the EU, adding that the
diplomatic contacts between Tehran and Brussels have developed a good
atmosphere for boosting of bilateral relations.
Larijani said the European countries should increase their import from Iran
both in energy sector and in non-oil product sector on the one hand and make
investment in Iran on the other to deepen bilateral relations.
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:53:08 EST
Subject: press review
Cleric's Claims to Be Investigated
HAMSHAHRI * This Municipality-affiliated daily reported that minister of
culture and Islamic guidance, Ataollah Mohajerani, in a letter to Minister of
Information Ali Yunesi called on him to comment on recent statements of
Ayatollah Mohammad Taqi Mesbah Yazdi, who said some Iranian newspapers
receive money from the CIA. Mohajerani said if Yazdi's comments are true,
then the Press Supervisory Board should be informed of the names of those
newspapers, and if they are baseless, they should be denied to preserve the
dignity of the press.
The press referred to Mesbah Yazdi's remarks as being in line with a new plot
against the reformist press.
SOBH-E EMROOZ * This leftist daily quoted Ahmad Bourqani, former deputy of
culture minister for press affairs, as saying that in the past two years, the
faction opposing the May 23 Front, has leveled many allegations against
reformist newspapers in general, but has never mentioned a specific paper.
"Moreover, the faction has shown a double standard; if similar allegations
had been leveled against certain newspapers, they would have shown a
reaction," he said.
Ahead of the sixth Majlis elections, some political and military figures have
raised claims that some spies have penetrated the decision-making bodies of
Psychological Torture for Nouri
SOBH-E EMROOZ * An informed source said a dissident cleric, Sheikh Ali
Tehrani, who fled the country to Iraq during the Iraqi-imposed war and played
an important role to help the opposition MKO, returned to Iran five years ago
and is now locked up in the same section with Nouri in Evin Prison. If the
report is true, it would be a real psychological torture for Nouri to live
with a person who was called by Nouri "the rejected cleric". It is said that
jailing Tehrani was a move to cover up the fact that he should have gone to
jail five years earlier.
Nouri, a close ally of President Khatami, was sentenced to jail by the
conservative Special Court for the Clergy (SCC), on charges of religious and
Imam Is Not Immune to Criticism?
FATH * This pro-reform daily quoted Seyed Hadi Khamenei, secretary of the
Forces Following the Imam's Line, as saying that the leadership of Tehran
Friday Prayers have been given to a certain faction for many years through
which they announce what they want. The main weak point of the government in
the past year has been with the executives, he said, adding that Imam
(Khomeini) is not immune to criticism, but he was committed to the slogans he
raised during the Revolution. A person should be held responsible for the
decisions he had made and what he had done in the past.
Sixth Majlis Responsibility
FATH * Emadedin Baqi wrote in the daily that political murders should not be
limited to only four which happened last year, but they should be extended to
period of 10 years during which Saeed Emami had senior positions in the
Intelligence Ministry, and investigate all the murders happened in this
period with precise and scientific methods. This is the only way to uncover
the facts about this case, a duty on the shoulder of the Sixth Majlis.
Dariush Foruhar, his wife and a number of dissident writers were assassinated
in the political killings last year, committed by former deputy intelligence
minister Saeed Emami and other senior officials of the ministry.
ASR-E AZADEGAN * This reformist daily quoted Habibollah Payman, a nationalist
figure who has been barred from running in the Parliament, as saying that the
Guardian Council (GC) acts in the manner it likes and not based on the
constitution. "We determined not to allow the opposite faction to take power
in the next Majlis," he said.
Seeking Interests in Murders Issue
MOSHAREKAT * This daily which is affiliated to Islamic Iran Partnership
Party, quoted Ahmad Pournejati, member of the Supreme Council for Cultural
Revolution, as saying that for some of the press, the issue of serial
killings is a pretext to raise some other issues, thus they offer opposing
analyses of the issue. This is not uncovering the truth about murders but is
in line with their vested interests.
Karbaschi Daughter Writes to Journalist
ARYA * This pro-Khatami daily reported that the daughter of former Tehran
Mayor Gholamhussein Karbaschi, in a letter to Ahmad Zaidabadi criticized him
for referring to Karbaschi's freedom as "politically-motivated" and a
shameful incident, and asked him: "Is it shameful to support and defend the
innocent? Do you know all the facts on why my father submitted a request for
pardon? My father not only did not express any regret over his past, but also
takes pride in his services while he was the mayor. When supporting my father
brought fame, you supported him. However, you should know that acting in line
with one's own interests is shameful in the eyes of the young including me."
Former Mayor Karbaschi was sentenced to spend three years in jail for
mismanagement and fraud.
Talking with Enemy Media
ABAN * This leftist weekly reported that Dr. Abdulkarim Soroush, religious
intellectual, criticized Judiciary chief, Ayatollah Mahmoud Shahroudi, for
uttering a language which "is not befitting a high-ranking cleric like him".
For example, Shahroudi said, "some people are in line with the media of the
arrogant powers." But he should know that some officials also interview these
media. "If you pave the way for people to speak out, no body would talk to
the `media of arrogant powers'," Soroush said.
Complaint Against Naqdi
ABAN * The weekly also reported that the families of those who were killed in
serial assassinations intend to lodge a complaint against Gholamreza Naqdi,
head of the police security and intelligence division. Naqdi said previously
that the killers and the victims were of the same camp.
Hassan Khomeini to Visit Pakistan
IRAN * This IRNA-affiliated daily quoted an informed source in Pakistan as
saying that Hojjatoleslam Hassan Khomeini would visit Pakistan to open up a
congress on Imam Khomeini on February 9. Khomeini has been invited by the
Pakistani ruler, Parviz Mosharaf to visit that country.
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:53:58 EST
Subject: Anti-Iran Extremist Arrested in Ottawa
Anti-Iran Extremist Arrested in Ottawa
OTTAWA (Reuters) - A suspected member of Mujahedin-e Khalq, Iran's main armed
opposition group, was arrested in Ottawa in December, a Canadian Immigration
official said on Saturday.
Huguette Shouldice, a spokeswoman for Immigration Canada, confirmed a report
in the Ottawa Citizen newspaper that Mahnaz Samadi, an Iranian national
believed to be in her early 40s, was arrested following a joint investigation
involving CSIS, Canada's spy agency, and the Immigration Department.
Samadi, who was arrested on an immigration warrant, is not facing any
criminal charges in Canada.
"I can confirm that the arrest took place and the person is in detention,"
Shouldice told Reuters, declining to give further details.
Dan Lambert, a spokesman for the Canadian Security Intelligence Service
(CSIS), said the spy agency worked closely with Immigration officials on the
arrest and continues to provide assistance in Immigration's efforts to deport
"We have investigated and we did assist Immigration on this case," Lambert
told Reuters. He declined to provide further details, saying CSIS does not
comment on specific targets of the agency.
Country of Deportation in Question? Samadi is being held at Ottawa-Carleton
Regional Detention Center.
Shouldice said she did not know where Samadi would be deported to, saying
there were a number of factors that could come into play, including Samadi's
citizenship and her last country of residence. She refused to divulge
information about Samadi's passport or present citizenship.
"To say she would definitely be going back to Iran would not be true; it
could be the United States," Shouldice said.
According to the newspaper, disassociated members of Mujahedin-e Khalq have
told authorities that Samadi is considered a commander of the group's
training unit. She reportedly lived in Virginia in the United States for
several years and was across the street from the U.S. Embassy in Ottawa when
she was arrested. No specifics on a hometown in Virginia were released.
Citing intelligence reports, the newspaper said Samadi was linked to a major
guerrilla training camp on the Iraq-Iran border. Samadi came under scrutiny
by Canadian authorities after she allegedly entered the country illegally
from the United States, the citizen reported.
The Mujahedin-e Khalq is one of 30 groups designated as foreign "terrorist"
organizations by the United States. The group, which set up bases in Iraq in
the latter stages of the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq War, has stepped up cross-border
raids and attacks inside Iran in recent years.
The newspaper said prominent members of the organization have long worked in
North America, recruiting fighters or raising funds for its military wing,
the National Liberation Army.
Group Has Violent History During the 1970s, the extremist group claimed
responsibility for several attacks on U.S. citizens and buildings around the
world. It was also linked to simultaneous attacks in 1992 on Iranian
embassies around the world, including in Ottawa.
At the time, intelligence reports estimated that some 2,000 supporters or
sympathizers of Mujahedin-e Khalq were living in the Ottawa-Hull area, the
Canada has come under fire in recent months from U.S. law enforcement
officials who claim Canada's border security, immigration and refugee system
are too lax. They claim suspected terrorists and illegal immigrants use
Canada as a way station and easy access point to the United States.
In one recent high-profile case, Algerian-born Ahmed Ressam was arrested by
U.S. border guards as he allegedly tried to smuggle explosives into the
country from Canada.
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:58:32 EST
Subject: U.A.E. Leader Calls for Islands Deal With Iran, Arab Summit
U.A.E. Leader Calls for Islands Deal With Iran, Arab
IRAN NEWS POLITICAL DESK
ABU DHABI (AFP) -- Emirati President Zayed bin Sultan al-Nahayan called
yesterday for a peaceful settlement to a territorial dispute with Iran and
for Arab leaders to agree to an urgent summit, IRNA reported.
"The United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) has pursued a clear policy to bring an end
to the occupation of the Greater and Lesser Tunbs islands and Abu Mussa by
peaceful means," he said in an address to an appointed consultative council.
"But their continued occupation by Iran remains out of step with the peaceful
policies of the countries of the Persian Gulf Cooperation Council," of which
the U.A.E. is a member, Sheikh Zayed said.
The president, whose speech was read out by his son, Deputy Prime Minister
Sultan bin Zayed al-Nahayan, welcomed the PGCC's work to try to set up direct
negotiations between Abu Dhabi and Tehran on the disputed islands.
He called for "serious and direct negotiations, in keeping with a timetable,"
or for the dispute to be submitted to the world court in a bid "to restore
security and stability in the region." Iran and the U.A.E. both claim the
three southern Persian Gulf islands which effectively control one of the
world's major oil supply routes and have been held by Tehran since 1971.
Tehran has rejected U.A.E. calls for international arbitration and says its
claims to the islands are not open to negotiation.
Turning to the Arab world, Sheikh Zayed called for an urgent summit to allow
the region's leaders "to overcome their conflicts and divisions and to work
for the common good of the Arab and Islamic worlds."
Arab leaders have held only one summit since Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait,
and Baghdad was not invited to the meeting which was held in Cairo in June
Sheikh Zayed also voiced concern over "the continued suffering of the Iraqi
people," whose country has been under crippling sanctions since the invasion.
He hoped to see Iraq "emerge from this test through a formula which leads to
implementation of all U.N. Security Council resolutions so that economic
sanctions are lifted."
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:59:59 EST
Subject: Lists of the Names of Incompatible Candidates
Lists of the Names of Incompatible Candidates
BY MEHRDAD SERJOOIE
TEHRAN -- The leftist Majma-e Rouhaniyoun-e Mobarez (MRM) has published its
preliminary list of candidates from Tehran for the 6th Majlis (parliament).
The list has surprised a lot of political analysts because of the
diametrically opposed ideologies and beliefs of several of the nominees.
The list includes the names of MRM's own Mehdi Karrubi, Majid Ansari, and Ali
Akbar Mohtashemi, as well as Islamic Iran Participation Front's (IIPF)
Mohammad Reza Khatami and Abbas Abdi, Islamic Revolution Mojahedin
Organization's (IRMO) Mohsen Armin and Behzad Nabavi, former member of the
Society for the Defense of the Values of the Islamic Revolution (SDVIR) Ahmad
Pournejati, former PTT minister Mohammad Gharazi who enjoys the support of
both the Executives of Construction Party (ECP) and the MRM, Vahideh Taleqani
who belongs to an unofficial nationalist-religious group, Seyed Mahmoud Doaei
who is inclined toward the ECP, Secretary-General of the House of Labor,
Alireza Mahjoub, together with Secretary-General of Islamic Kar (work) Party,
IIPF has also come up with its own list of candidates which includes the
names of people like former deputy Culture Minister Ahmad Bourghani, Faezeh
Hashemi, Hamidreza Jalaipour, managing director of the banned daily Jameah,
the wife of culture minister, Mrs. Jamileh Kadivar, as well as political
science professor of Tehran University, Elahe Koolaie. Mohtashemi, Abdi and
Mahjoub are also on the IIPF list.
What has surprised political analysts is the fact that most of these people
have nothing in common with each other and logically do not belong on the
same list. Analysts are wondering how an extremist such as Mohtashemi could
be lumped together, politically, with the likes of Doaei and Pournejati. Or,
what is Mahjoub, with his strong bias for the full implementation of the
current Labor Law, has in common with Faezeh Hashemi who is one of the
important members of the ECP and strongly opposes the Labor Law.
There are more fundamental differences separating the nominees. For example,
Mohtashemi claims that he was the one who was given the letter by the late
Imam Khomeini banning the Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI) from political
activity. How is it possible for him and Vahideh Taleqani who belongs to a
nationalist-religious group to think alike and work together?
Also, it is hard to accept that Abbas Abdi, a vehement critic of Hashemi
Rafsanjani's economic policies could work alongside Gharazi who, as
Rafsanjani's minister, implemented some of those economic policies.
The only possible common denominator between these candidates is their
perceived support for President Khatami. But even if they all find their way
into the Majlis, they are bound to disagree over the best way to show their
support for the president. After all, these names belong to such diverse
political groups that it is almost impossible for them all to agree on what
to have for breakfast let alone formulate national policy. So, not only their
entering the Majlis would not be any help to Khatami, but it would be the
beginning of unimaginable woes for him.
Another point is that a political coalition created just to support one man
has a very short life span. ECP is a case in point. The party was created on
the eve of the Fifth Majlis to provide support for Hashemi Rafsanjani's
policies. But now personal and political differences between its members has
caused a huge split in its ranks.
In fact, the above-mentioned lists are more of a wish list of the MRM and the
IIPF than a realistic list of the names of a compatible and likeminded group
of politicians with similar goals and objectives.
The list of candidates from Tehran is usually an indication of what the
provinces' list would be like. Considering the Tehran lists, there is not
much hope for those of the provinces.
MRM must come up with an improved final list in the short time left before
the February 18 elections, otherwise the Khatami government will face a
confused and divided Majlis which cannot support him even if it wanted to.
MRM's preliminary list will be finalized after consultations with the other
17 political groups which make up the 2nd of Khordad (May 23) Front. The fact
that after all this time these groups have not been able to come up with a
final common list is an indication of their being wide apart on important
Neither the MRM nor the IIPF list included Rafsanjani's name, a strong
indication that Khatami supporters have parted company with the ECP. ECP had
declared that it would retaliate against any party or group that omits
Rafsanjani's name from its list of candidates by dropping the most prominent
name belonging to that party or group from its list.
The fact that Rafsanjani's name is not on either of the two above-mentioned
lists may not prevent his election, but it will most certainly make it very
difficult for him to function as the Speaker of the 6th Majlis.
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 16:59:15 EST
Subject: U.S. Will Closely Watch Iranian Election Results, Albright
U.S. Will Closely Watch Iranian Election Results, Albright
DAVOS, SWITZERLAND, (AFP) - The United States will be closely watching the
result of next month's Legislative elections in Iran to assess the chances of
rebuilding relations between the two countries, Secretary of State Madeleine
Albright said yesterday.
The key elections will pit President Mohammad Khatami's reformist movement
against the conservative wing of the regime, the current majority force in
the Parliament. The conservatives are hostile to rebuilding ties with the
United States, which were broken off in 1980 after U.S. Embassy staff in
Tehran were taken hostage. "There is an attempt to probe a possibility of a
dialogue and we are waiting to see what happens in the Majlis (Parliament)
elections next month," Albright told the World Economic Forum in Davos,
Switzerland. "We can see there are segments of the population which are
looking for areas of reforms" and the United States is eagerly waiting "to
see the extent to which the wishes of the Iranian people are reflected in
those elections," said Albright.
She conceded that despite some talking between the two countries in recent
years, the United States had "some endemic problems with Iran."
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 17:00:42 EST
Subject: ALE-ESHAQ: Strategies to Promote Exports Were Missing in 1st, 2nd Plans
ALE-ESHAQ: Strategies to Promote Exports Were Missing in 1st, 2nd Plans
*Iran Should Not Let U.S. Prevent Its Joining WTO
* Industries, Economy Must Be Overhauled
BY NADER ADABI
TEHRAN -- Despite the investments made during the national First and the
Second Five-Year Economic Development plans (March 1990-March 2000), the
economy is lagging behind, Yahya Ale-Eshaq, former minister of commerce, said
in an interview with IRAN NEWS. This is because a national policy to promote
exports was not adopted at the time, he said.
If the export promotion strategy had been adopted, the non-oil exports would
have now stood at least $10 billion annually, he said, adding that because of
the Iraqi-imposed war (1980-'88) and the economic crisis that ensued, the
government decided instead to go for a policy which aimed to prevent the
outflow of hard currency. During the post-war reconstruction period the
country's requirements were rising since the nation had undertaken measures
to deal with the effects of the past wrong economic policies, he maintained.
"On one hand, we had to design plans for the future. We had to make
investments in the country and increase productivity. So we embarked on,
among others, constructing dams, power plants, refineries and cement
factories," he added.
He also pointed out that the question on whether right investment priorities
had been made requires more discussions. The need to increase productivity
was there however, the former minister said, adding if measures had been
adopted to raise productivity while taking into account exports and
international markets, there would have followed more fruitful results.
The strategy which the government adopted, the import substitution policy,
also had positive results, he stressed. For example, a large country like
Iran with big population needs at least $40 billion annually to meet its
demand for imports while the government is addressing this need with just $10
Nevertheless, the question as to whether all these investments and measures
had been correct requires more discussions to find out if then there existed
alternative plans which suited the country better, the official said.
He said: "Under the present economic circumstances where the country is going
through a crisis, we cannot make optimal use of the existing facilities and
resources. We have to seek a way out this dilemma." He believed the officials
should assign the highest priority to the nation's economic ills, adding this
does not mean overlooking other political, cultural and social objectives.
Therefore, we have to mend the economic structures of the country so as to
make certain that the health of our country would not be adversely affected
by the fluctuations in the oil prices nor the international politics, which
is beyond our control, in the future.
Currently, he said, the economy is run by the state and most industries are
government monopolies. This king of all-encompassing hands-on management
would lead to a inefficient use of resources, he stated, adding that the
economic structure ought to change so that there would be a kind of balance
between production and consumption, which is lacking at present.
We have to move toward an export-oriented market economy, he further
underlined, adding this requires a consensus which needs to be built through
the participation of experts, policy-makers, and officials, he remarked. The
Sixth Majlis could put in to use their valuable suggestions to be included,
for example, in [to be revised] Third Plan (starts March 2000). Most
importantly, all the officials should be fully committed to implement the
agreed upon proposals," he commented. Ale-Eshaq said ending monopolies,
promoting privatization and active presence in international scene along with
the development of the information dissemination network are among the
positive aspects of the Third Plan, while issues concerning red tape and poor
government management are among its weak points.
What is more important than the merger of government ministries and
organizations, he said, is amending laws and regulations in the Third Plan.
In fact, the officials should see to it that the aims followed by the plan be
achieved fully. The officials should not waste though too much time trying to
find ways to merge or expand the activities of agencies and ministries.
On Iran's joining the World Trade Organization (WTO), Ale-Eshaq said: "We
could speak of the membership only when we would have left behind the
necessary stages for it."
"During my tenure in office, he said, we had invited representatives from all
the ministries and we held numerous meetings on this subject which was raised
during many meetings. The government appointed a person to the case but I
think we had not obtained good results yet," he maintained.
The fact, he said, is that Iran now has good relations with the WTO member
countries. Also, with the imminent entry of China into the organization some
90 percent of the world trade would be performed by the WTO members. Our
absence from the WTO, it should be emphasized, would not adversely affect the
global trade, while it would make us vulnerable to the decisions made at WTO,
whether we like it or not. He went on to say that Tehran should not join WTO
in a "passive manner." On the contrary, we have to maintain an active
presence in the organization through enhanced cooperation with the WTO member
states, he expressed. Should the Islamic Republic wish to have an active
presence in the organization we have to first introduce structural changes in
our industries. Moreover, we should confront the United States which want us
out of important international arenas [such as WTO]. Meanwhile, we can adopt
sound strategies to move toward a new economy, he concluded.
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 17:03:41 EST
Subject: Agassi Wins Australian Open Title
Agassi Wins Australian Open Title
MELBOURNE (Reuters) - World number one Andre Agassi won his third Grand Slam
title in less than a year on Sunday, beating Russian Yevgeny Kafelnikov 3-6
6-3 6-2 6-4 in the final of the Australian Open.
After dropping the first set to the 1999 champion, Agassi staged a tremendous
fightback to add the Australian title to the French and U.S. crowns he won
Agassi served out the match with an ace after two hours and 19 minutes and
turned with his hands raised to face friend Steffi Graf and coach Brad
Gilbert in the stands.
It was the first display of emotion all afternoon from the 29-year-old Las
Vegan. The former rebel and showman of tennis had remained intensely focused
on the job at hand throughout the year's first Grand Slam tournament.
"I'd like to congratulate the Y-man," Agassi said of opponent Kafelnikov
after receiving the Open trophy.
"It's not easy to come back as a defending champion and he's certainly proven
that not only is he a worthy champion, but he'll probably be winning more of
these," he told spectators.
Agassi also thanked Gilbert for giving him the chance "to choose so many
dreams" - but did not mention retired tennis queen Graf in his acceptance
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 17:05:18 EST
Subject: Three Die in Iranian Avalanche
Three Die in Iranian Avalanche
TEHRAN (AFP) - Three people died in an avalanche near Urmia in northwest Iran
Saturday, state television reported yesterday.
The three, said to be young, were walking in the mountains near the village
of Alosan on the border with Turkey when the avalanche struck. Their bodies
were dug out five hours later, the television said.
Snow has fallen thickly for three days in the west, north and center of Iran,
including the capital, where traffic moved with difficulty yesterday.
The road east of Tehran toward Amol on the Caspian Sea was closed to trucks,
while police advised motorists to fit chains and drive with extreme care.
Ski resorts were also closed because of the risk of avalanches.
End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 30 Jan 2000 to 31 Jan 2000