Date: Apr 27, 2000 [ 18: 1: 14]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 26 Apr 2000 to 27 Apr 2000 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 26 Apr 2000 to 27 Apr 2000 - Special issue
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There are 10 messages totalling 1216 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. NYT-Iran's Press, Now Silenced, Is Roasted by Top Cleric
2. Iran Court Closes Two More Papers
3. Iranians held in Norway for anti-Tehran paint demo
4. IPS-Hajjarian's alleged killers go on trial amid controversy
5. IPS: Defiant Yusefi Eshkevari says Clergymen's court is illegal
6. Three More Papers Shut Down in Iran (2)
7. fwd: More Urgent Appeals: Iran on the verge of eruption!
8. Iran Run-Off Campaigning Begins
9. In Support of Freedom of the Press in Iran

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 11:23:39 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: NYT-Iran's Press, Now Silenced, Is Roasted by Top Cleric

Iran's Press, Now Silenced, Is Roasted by Top Cleric

By SUSAN SACHS

EHRAN, Iran, April 26 -- As scattered protests continued against the
abrupt closing of 13 newspapers, the country's most powerful Muslim
cleric weighed in with a vehement attack today on the now-silenced
liberal press as a deviant force bent on turning the country against
Islam.

The cleric, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the supreme leader who holds
ultimate political and religious authority, also praised President
Mohammad Khatami, the champion of the reform movement. He denounced
"counterrevolutionaries" masquerading as reformers.

"The revolutionary tendencies should not keep silent in the face of such
realities," he said, in a translation provided by the official Iranian
news agency IRNA. But, he added, any crackdown on reformers should not
be considered an attack on Mr. Khatami.

"The attitude is not correct because the president is himself defender
of the system and the revolution," he said. "Moreover, I strongly
support the president."

However, the ayatollah's attempt to distinguish between Mr. Khatami and
his journalistic and political supporters is not likely to dispel
anxiety here over the recent assault on the reformers, who are poised to
take control of Iran's next Parliament.

The hard-line Council of Guardians, meanwhile, allayed some fears by
announcing today that long-delayed runoff elections for 66 seats in the
new 290-member parliament will take place on May 5.

In the first round of voting on Feb. 18, about 70 percent of the winners
were associated with reform parties. Since then the council has voided
the results of 11 races that reformers won and warned that it would
change some of the results from Tehran, where reformers had captured 29
out of 30 seats.

Campaigning for the second round begins on Thursday, although the reform
movement will be handicapped because most of their newspapers have been
closed in the past four days by the Tehran courts. Two prominent reform
editors were sent to prison on vague charges of insulting Islam, and a
third, who was summoned to appear in court on Monday, is expected to be
jailed as well.

Reform leaders have urged their supporters to avoid actions that might
invite retaliation by the security forces, which are under the control
of the supreme leader. But students in Tehran and a few provincial
cities boycotted classes today and held on-campus demonstrations. So far
the protests have been peaceful and the police have not intervened.

"The open question is how long the country's students and young people
will be patient with what's going on," said a Western diplomat. "They
have proven to be an unpredictable force."

Ayatollah Khamenei, who owes his position to the clerical establishment,
has recently issued a series of ambiguous statements about the political
situation. Until now, most reform leaders have said publicly that they
believe Ayatollah Khamenei has not taken sides in the increasingly
bitter contest.

At times he has called for national unity and calm. At times he has
called for suppression of any opposition to the conservative line; last
week he proclaimed that "legal violence" is justified against those who
challenge the system.

The judiciary, dominated by conservative clerics, partly justified its
closing of reform newspapers by saying they had displeased the supreme
leader.

In the past week, courts have also issued arrest warrants for the
liberal academics and clerics who attended a conference on Iranian
democracy in Berlin earlier this month.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 15:21:54 EDT
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Iran Court Closes Two More Papers

By ALI AKBAR DAREINI
.c The Associated Press


TEHRAN, Iran (AP) - Iranian hard-liners closed down three more newspapers
today, including one owned by the brother of President Mohammad Khatami, as
campaigning began for a second round of voting in legislative polls that have
set off a fierce confrontation with reformers.

The closures came a day after Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei,
endorsed the recent crackdown on reformist newspapers, describing the
publications as ``deviant'' and urging his supporters not to remain silent.

The Press Court, which is dominated by hard-liners, said Mohammad-Reza
Khatami's newspaper and two others had violated press laws. The violations
were not detailed today, but Khatami was warned Tuesday about having
published several editions a day.

The move brought to 16 the number of reformist publications closed down in
the past week as hard-liners resist the president's campaign to loosen
social, political and cultural restrictions. The only reformist paper still
publishing is Bayan, which has not been as outspoken as the others.

Supporters of President Khatami's reforms have responded with peaceful
protests, amid warnings from leaders not to give hard-liners a pretext for
harsher measures.

Run-off elections will be held May 5 for 66 seats that were not decided in
the February polls for the 290-member Parliament, or Majlis. More than 120
candidates in 52 constituencies scattered across Iran started their weeklong
campaigns, lining the streets with posters and handing out leaflets.

Iranians delivered a severe blow to hard-liners when they overwhelmingly
voted for reformers in February's elections. Following their defeat, the
hard-liners have been hitting back, using considerable power derived from
their control of the judiciary, the state broadcasting media and the
Guardians Council that supervises elections.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 15:23:18 EDT
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Iranians held in Norway for anti-Tehran paint demo

Iranians held in Norway for anti-Tehran paint demo


OSLO, April 27 (Reuters) - Norwegian police arrested two Iranian dissidents
on Thursday for throwing red paint towards Deputy Iranian Foreign Minister
Morteza Sarmadi during a visit to Oslo.

In two attacks, bags of paint splattered onto Iranian embassy cars used to
drive Sarmadi and other Iranian officials during a visit to the Foreign
Ministry in central Oslo.

``The cars were hit. I have not had reports anyone was hit but it cannot be
ruled out,'' Hilde Walsoe, leading investigations at Oslo police station,
told Reuters.

The man and woman detained were likely to be charged with causing wilful
damage, she said.

``We had to do something against this regime which is killing us,'' protester
Nahid Khademi told Reuters in a telephone call after the first attack.

``I got paint onto the car and by accident on myself, on my sweater,'' she
said. She said she was aged 34, had fled Iran 13 years ago and accused
Iranian hardliners of jailing and torturing her relatives.

The Ministry said that Sarmadi went ahead with a meeting with Deputy
Norwegian Foreign Minister Mona Juul, one of the secret brokers of a landmark
peace deal between Israel and the Palestinians in 1993.

``They discussed the situation in the Middle East,'' spokeswoman Hanne Marie
Kaarstad said.

Norway and Iran are slowly defrosting relations severely hit in 1993 when the
Norwegian publisher of British author Salman Rushdie's novel ``The Satanic
Verses'' was shot and seriously injured in an Oslo street.

Norwegian police suspect that an Iranian hitman was behind the unsolved
shooting. Norway sent an ambassador to Tehran in 1999 after a four-year break
after Iran toned down a religious death order against Rushdie.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 16:20:50 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: IPS-Hajjarian's alleged killers go on trial amid controversy

TEHRAN 25TH Apr. (IPS) The first session of the hasty arranged trial at
the Islamic Revolution Court of the men alleged to be involved in the
assassination attempt against Mr. Sa'id Hajjarian, the vice Chairman of
the Tehran City Council (TCC) and a close friend and adviser to President
Mohammad Khatami started without the participation of the victim's family.

Mr. Hajjarian was shot at close distance on 12th March as he was entering
the TCC and seriously wounded. Taken to hospital, he is still under
treatment.

According to the pro-government official news agency IRNA, eight people,
among them;

++ 20 years-old Sa'id Asgar, a student of chemical engineering at Islamic
Azad (Free) University, said to be the one who shot Mr. Hajjarian;

++ Mohsen (Morteza) Majidi, 30, driver of the powerful motorcycle used by
the assailant, a high school student and doing his military service who
became a non-commissioned officer of the Revolutionary Guards operating a
shop selling spare parts and repairing powerful motorcycles that are used
only by security services and patrols;

++ Mohammad Ali Moqaddam, 22, accomplice, finished guidance school;
implicated by other suspects as the one who provided the group with
information as to the time of Mr. Hajjarian's arrival to his office at the
TCC and the one who stopped the Publisher of the outspoken reformist daily
Sobhe Emrouz by handing him a letter, thus providing the assailant the
opportunity to shoot at Mr. Hajjarian;

++ Mehdi Rowqani, 23, an accomplice;

++ Mousa Jan-Nesari, 23, a staff member and a student at Tehran University;

++ Safar Maqsoudi, 28, with record of involvement in illicit dealings,
murder, theft and armed robbery, the one who the revolver used in the
failed assassination;

++ Alipour-Chalu'i, 24, a Kung Fu coach at a sports club used by the
Guards, expelled from high school for misconduct and

++ Sa'id Gagonani, 19, a high school graduate.

Eyewitnesses at the trial told Iran Press service that Mr. Asgar confessed
to shooting at Mr. Hajjarian as well as to two other cases of murders,
saying he was obeying to religious order provided by a cleric.

Despite Mr. Asgar's confessions, sources, including Mr. Hajjarian's family
and friends have expressed doubts, as his father, in a letter to the
authorities, has indicated that his son was at home at the time of failed
assassination.

Reformists immediately speculated that the aim of the conservatives for
attempting at the life of Mr. Hajjarian, considered as the "architect"
behind the victory of Mr. Khatami in the May 1997 presidential elections
and the February parliamentary race was to create a situation giving them
the possibility of proclaiming emergency state and shutting all
institutions, including the Majles.

But the hard liners counter-charged by claiming that the assassination
plot was the work of people and groups close to the president, naming Mr.
Hakimikpour, a TCC member who took Mr. Hajjarian to hospital.

The trial started amid bitter controversy, as Mr. Hajjarian had asked the
authorities to postpone the trial until he is fit to attend, but the
Islamic Kjudiciary that is controlled directly by the leader ignored his
plea.

Sources say one reason behind the leader-controlled Judiciary to ignore
Mr. Hajjarian's demand is that the conservatives are keen to wrap the case
while the political atmosphere is filled with tension created following
the closure of 14 pro-reform publications, the arrest of three prominent
journalists, the outcry orchestrated by the leader-controlled Television
over the Berlin Conference and the confusion surrounding the inauguration
of the next reformists-controlled Majles as a result of the
leader-controlled Council of Guardians annulling election results in
several districts, including Tehran, where all the 30 seats except one
were swept by pro-Khatami candidates.

>From the outset, the failed assassination attempt became a subject of
controversy and couter-accusation between the reformist camp and the
conservatives led by Ayatollah Ali Khameneh'i.

According to evidences brought by journalists, the murderers, most of them
forming a gang, would operate for the Intelligence Department of the
Revolutionary Guards.

That was the reason that from the outset, and like the case of the murder
by high ranking officials from the Intelligence Ministry of five
nationalist intellectual and politician dissident in November 1998, Mr.
Khameneh'i accused "foreign hands and their local agents".

But since the Guards who, unexpectedly and surprisingly, had rounded up
the killers refused to hand them over to the Intelligence Ministry, it
became clear that they had called on the leader to save them from the same
mess and shame and humiliation that afflicted the Intelligence Ministry
after it confessed to the involvement of its senior members in the "chain
murders".

That was done after Mr. Khameneh'i ordered the newspapers not to write
anything about the Hajjarian case that do not come from official sources.

In several speeches afterward, including the last he made to the Basij, he
accused the independent press of accusing the Guards "without having any
proof or document".

That address served as a basis for the Judiciary to order the closure of
all but a few reform seeking publications.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 16:20:34 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: IPS: Defiant Yusefi Eshkevari says Clergymen's court is illegal

PARIS 25TH APR. (IPS) Hojatoleslam Hasan Yusefi-Eshkevari, a prominent
Islamist reformer rejected Tuesday charges filed against him by the
controversial Clergymen's Special Tribunal (CST) reiterating that since he
considers this body as unconstitutional, therefore its rulings are also
illegal.

Hojatoleslam Mohammad Ebrahim Nekoonam, the leader-appointed Prosecutor
General of the CST told the official Iranian news agency IRNA that Mr.
Yusefi-Eshkevari was charged with "action against national security,
propaganda against the system, insult to and rejection of the absolute
sanctities of Islam, and behaviour not befitting the clergy" and would be
arrested upon his return to Iran.

In interviews with Persian services of BBC and Radio France Internationale
(RFI), Mr. Yusefi-Eshkevari who is presently in Paris said charges as
action against national security or propaganda against the system or even
insult against Islam are very general, vague and broad-based that one can
not logically answer them.

"Such accusations are not new, but anyhow, since the CST is not legal in
the one hand and the charges (brought against him) are of political
nature, they should therefore be addressed in legal and competent courts
but not this one", he observed.

Mr. Yusefi-Eshkevari was the only cleric who alongside 16 other Iranian
pro-Khatami personalities attended the now famous Berlin Conference on the
"Aftermath of Parliamentary Elections", a venue that served as a pretext
for hard liners to organise the mass closure of reformist and moderate
publications.

In a move unprecedented in the 160 years history of the Iranian press, the
Islamic Judiciary, acting on instructions from Ayatollah Ali Khameneh'i,
ordered Monday the closing of Asre Azadegan, Akhbare Eqtesadi, Fath,
Gozaresh Rouz, Bamdad No, Aftab Emrouz, Arya, Azad, Iran Farda, Payam
Azadi, Aban, Payam Hajar and Arzesh, most of them if not all representing
the religious-nationalist movement.

Ever since their historic defeat at the last February polls, the
conservatives were sparing no efforts in attacking the reformist press
they justly consider as the main instrument of the pro-reforms candidates
who swept of the next Majles seats.

Observers noted that after the Islamic Guidance Minister Ata'ollah
Mohajerani ignored "diplomatically" the leader's desire to see the
independent press, particularly the most outspoken among them, muzzled, if
not closed, Mr. Khameneh'i had "no choice but to express his intentions
publicly and charge the Judiciary to do the job", as he did in his last
address to the Basijis, or the volunteers, qualifying these publications
as "the internal base" for the enemy's propaganda machine against Islam
and the failed Islamic revolution.

They also observed that the new offensive against both President Mohammad
Khatami and the reformists took a new dimension after the vertiginous fall
of Ayatollah Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in the elections.

"As a result of this historic defeat, Mr. Hashemi Rafsanjani openly sided
with the conservatives and injecting new blood in their the campaign
against the reformist camp, he also devised plans and directed the
orchestra from behind the scene, letting the role of prima dona to
Khameneh'i", one journalist analysed, asking for anonymity.

Referring to the screening of parts of the Berlin Conference by the
leader-controlled Television, Mr. Yusefi-Eshkevari wondered how people
speaking in an open forum could have acted against the interests and
stability of the system?

"In order for the people to understand what really happened there, in
order for the public to realise that not only what the participants said
was nothing more than what they had expressed in Iran, not only they did
nothing amounting to activity against the security of the regime, but also
the courage with which they defended the government and reforms initiated
by President Khatami amid demonstration and protest staged by Iranians
opposed to the Islamic Republic", he pointed out.

He said he ignores was it is taking place behind the scene, but there is
no doubt the final aim is to stop the democratisation and reforms process
by cancelling the last Majles election.

"This is another wave and like others, it will end to vanish on its own",
Mr. Ysefi-Eshkevari added, confirming that he would go back to Iran after
he finishes the series of conferences and meetings he is scheduled to
attend in several European cities and undergoing medical check up for the
chronic diabetes he suffers from.

The outrageous footage, the leader-controlled Council of Guardians
changing the results of the elections in some voting districts in favour
of the conservatives, the closure of independent newspapers and other
pro-reform publications and the jailing of three prominent journalists
were strongly condemned by Grand Ayatollah Hosseinali Montazeri as well as
several Iranian and foreign human rights organisations and governments,
including France, the United States, Germany and Sweden.

The Iranian Islamic Human Rights Organisation, the pro-Khatami Association
of Combatant Clergymen, the New-York-based Committee to Protect
Journalists, the Paris-based Reporters Without Borders, the Guild of
Iranian Journalists and the Islamic Association of Students were among
groups the anti-reform moves by the conservatives.

In a written answer to questions addressed to him by the Persian service
of RFI, Ayatollah Montazeri said all these moves were against the
fundamental laws and spirit of the Islamic Republic and would boomerang
against those who initiates and carry it.

Because of open critics against the lavish, "kingly" lifestyle of Mr.
Khameneh'i and his constant meddling in the daily affairs of the
government, Mr. Montazeri has been placed in house arrest.

"Short of being able to murder Ganji, Shams, Latif Safari and other
journalists and intellectuals fighting for democracy in Iran as they did
with Dariush and Parvaneh Foruhar and other intellectuals and writers, and
failing in assassinating Sa'id Hajjarian, the conservatives are now
shutting their voices", said the Paris-based League for the Defence of
Human Rights (LDHRI) in Iran.

In a communiqué received by IPS in London, Dr Karim Lahiji, the President
of the LDHRI expressed his concern over the situation in Iran as a result
of the closure of reformist publications and imprisonment of three
journalists and called on the world's public opinion and international
organisation to "rush" to defend the freedom movement of the Iranian
people".

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 19:22:23 EDT
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Three More Papers Shut Down in Iran

Three More Papers Shut Down in Iran

By AFSHIN VALINEJAD
.c The Associated Press


TEHRAN, Iran (AP) - Iranian hard-liners shut down three more newspapers
Thursday, including one owned by reformist President Mohammad Khatami's
brother, pressing their campaign against publications that have fueled public
support for reform.

The media closures, now numbering 16, are hampering Khatami's allies'
political ambitions. Only one reformist paper remained publishing Thursday as
campaigning started for the May 5 run-off elections, which will decide 66
seats in the 290-seat parliament, or Majlis.

The ruling clergy was stunned by the first round of voting in February, in
which candidates linked with reformist parties won about 70 percent of the
seats.

Since then, hard-line authorities have annulled 12 reformist winners, giving
two seats to hard-liners and calling for run-offs in the others. They also
said they might call for recasting votes in the capital, Tehran, where
reformists won 29 of the 30 seats. The capital's vote, they said, was marred
by fraud and inconsistencies.

But amid the media blackout imposed on reformists, Khatami's allies
campaigning in this round will have a tougher job competing.

The Press Court, which is dominated by hard-liners, justified Thursday's
newspaper closures by saying Mohammad-Reza Khatami's newspaper and the two
others had violated press laws. It gave no details of the violations.

Mohammad-Reza Khatami has been closely allied with his brother's national
campaign to loosen social, political and cultural restrictions. The only
reformist paper still allowed to publish is Bayan, which has not been as
outspoken as the others.

Without support from the press, reformist lawmakers and candidates might have
to wait until Parliament resumes session on May 27 to restart direct dialogue
with the people: the constitution mandates that Parliament debates be
broadcast live on state radio.

``The reformists are under siege. They are looking to the opening of the
Majlis as the cavalry,'' said Saeed Laylaz, an analyst who used to write for
the Azad daily before it was closed down Monday with a court order issued by
the hard-line judiciary.

There are clear signs the hard-liners are trying to claw their way back into
control of the Majlis, which in February they lost for the first time since
the 1979 Islamic revolution. Hard-liners have considerable power thanks to
their dominance over the judiciary, the state broadcasting media and the
Guardians Council that supervises elections.

Absent much of the reformist press, a lackluster campaign began Thursday for
the May run-offs. In most cases, the 66 seats up for grabs May 5 were left
open because no candidate won the minimum 25 percent in the first round.

The council announced first-round results only Wednesday - two months after
voting - but said the Tehran seats were still in doubt.

So far, it said, 185 places outside the capital were confirmed, and 66 would
be voted on May 5. It was unclear when authorities planned to fill the 10
left by their annulments after the first round, or how they would resolve the
objections over the 29 reformist wins in Tehran.

Holding 120 of the 185 confirmed seats, reformists need just 26 more for a
simple majority. The 29 Tehran seats in question would give reformists firm
control.

The allies of President Khatami, a maverick cleric, have appealed for calm,
saying unrest will play into the hands of hard-liners who are looking for a
pretext to delay the Majlis opening. The constitution requires the Majlis be
inaugurated on time, except in an emergency.

``When there is tension or crisis in society, everyone should apply wisdom
and self-restraint ... and act within the framework of the law in order to
calm the crisis and meet the needs of society,'' Iranian TV reported Khatami
as saying during a meeting Thursday with the Tehran city council.

Protests and riots erupted in July in Tehran and several other cities when
hard-liners closed a single reformist newspaper. The protests were quelled by
a hard-line crackdown, but the unrest - the worst since the revolution -
shook the clergy's authority.

There have been a few protests since the latest closures, but they have been
small, peaceful and contained inside universities.

``By remaining calm we are showing our own political maturity,'' said Javid
Rahmanqoli, a university student in Tehran. ``The other side wants us to
react, but we won't, not because we are afraid of a crackdown, but because we
have the maturity to understand the rules of the game.''

The elite Revolutionary Guards, backbone of Iran's military force, warned
last week that reformists would ``feel the revolutionary hammer on their
skulls'' if they failed to fall in line.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 20:11:11 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: fwd: More Urgent Appeals: Iran on the verge of eruption!

More Urgent Appeals (Different text and different organizations)

Please fax the following Urgent Action Appeal to the
organizations/individuals listed below and circulate the appeal as
widely as possible. About Iran... calls on all International Human
Rights organizations to urgently condemn the closing of reformist
publications in Iran and demand that the Islamic Republic immediately
release the arrested journalists, including Mr. Akbar Ganji and Mr.
Latif Safari, and hundreds of other prisoners of conscience held in
Iranian prisons.

For more Information or to subscribe to Farsi publications of About
Iran...,

please contact:
About Iran...
PO Box 768
Morton Grove, IL 60053, USA
Telephone: (847) 729-5925
Fax: (847) 729-5926
E-Mail: AboutIran@Aol.Com



Urgent Action Appeal, Urgent Action Appeal


Iran on the Verge of Eruption: Fear of Mass Crackdown and Blooshed

The World Must Support the Democracy Movement in Iran

The Honorable Kofi Annan, Secretary General, The United Nations, Fax #
(212)
963-4879

The Honorable Mary Robinson, the United Nations High Commissioner on Human
Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, Fax # 01141-22-9170123

The Honorable Vaclav Havel, President of Czech Republic, Fax #
01142-02-24310851

The Honorable Desmond Tutu, Fax # 011-27-421-24-5225

The Honorable Maurice Danby Copithorne, Special Representative on Iran, The

United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Switzerland, Fax #
01141-22-9170123

Mr. Hanny Megally, Director of Middle East Watch, New York, Fax # (212)
736-1300

Ms. Karen Kennerly, Pen American Center, New York, Fax # (212) 334-2181

Mr. William F. Schulz, Executive Director, Amnesty International, New York,
Fax # (212) 627-1451
Ms. Nancy Bothne, Amnesty International Midwest, Chicago, Fax # (312)
427-2589

Director, Amnesty International, Washington DC, Fax # (202) 546-7142
Ms. Cosette Thompson, Amnesty International, San Francisco, Fax # (415)
291-8722

Mr. Joe Baker, Amnesty International, Culver City (Los Angeles), Fax #
(310) 815-0457

I am writing to ask you to urgently express your concern regarding a de
facto coup against the reformist and pro-democracy movement in Iran. I
am sure
that by now you have heard of the following deteriorating developments in
Iran:

· Annulment of the results of the people's parliamentary votes in many
regions of Iran, including Khalkhal and Sarvestan, which have resulted in
protests by the voters and in bloody suppression by the security forces of
the regime.
· Closing of 12 pro-reform publications since Sunday, April 23rd.
· Arrest of pro-reform journalists, including Mr. Akbar Ganji, Mr. Latif
Safari and Mr. Mashallah Shamsol Vaezin.
· Threats of death and bloody crack-down issued against the pro-democracy
activists by the Revolutionary Guards, followed by calls for violence
against
them by Mr. Khamenei, the Islamic Republic's supreme dictator.
· Calls for killing reformists by Mr. Abolqhasem Khazali.
· The imminent trial of 13 Iranian Jews on the fabricated charges of
espionage.

Meanwhile, hundreds of pro-democracy activists and students continue to
remain in Iranian jails since July 1999, and Mr. Abbas Amir-Entezam, Iran's
former Deputy Prime-Minister, enters his 20th year of imprisonment under
the

Islamic Republic.

I urge you to speak out against this de facto coup in Iran. Your public
statement and support for the democracy movement is crucial at this time.
The regime must understand the detrimental consequences of completing their
coup and of resorting to brutality against the people of Iran who are sure
to
rise against such a coup. Your public voice will, once again, show your
organization's commitment to the cause of universal human rights for all
people throughout the world.

The People of Iran, more than any other time, need your help.

Thank You

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 20:45:54 EDT
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Iran Run-Off Campaigning Begins

Iran Run-Off Campaigning Begins

.c The Associated Press


TEHRAN, Iran (AP) - Iranian candidates started campaigning today for the
second round of voting in legislative polls that have set off a fierce
confrontation between hard-liners and reformists.

In recent days, 14 newspapers have been closed and two leading pro-reform
journalists detained as hard-liners resist loosening social, political and
cultural restrictions. Supporters of President Mohammad Khatami's reforms
have responded with peaceful protests, with their leaders warning them not to
give the hard-liners a pretext for harsher measures.

Run-off elections will be held May 5 for 66 seats that were not decided in
the February polls for the 290-member Parliament, or Majlis. More than 120
candidates in 52 constituencies scattered across Iran started their weeklong
campaigns, lining the streets with posters and handing out leaflets.

Iranians delivered a severe blow to hard-liners when they overwhelmingly
voted for reformers in February's elections. Following their defeat, the
hard-liners have been hitting back, using considerable power derived from
their control of the judiciary, the state broadcasting media and the
Guardians Council that supervises elections.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 20:47:23 EDT
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: Three More Papers Shut Down in Iran

Three More Papers Shut Down in Iran

By AFSHIN VALINEJAD
.c The Associated Press


TEHRAN, Iran (AP) - Iranian hard-liners shut down three more newspapers
Thursday, including one owned by reformist President Mohammad Khatami's
brother, pressing their campaign against publications that have fueled public
support for reform.

About 200 students demonstrated against the closures at the Shahid Beheshti
University in northern Tehran in the early hours of Friday, said an Iranian
journalist, speaking on condition of anonymity. The students burned tires and
threw stones at university buildings and were dispersed by police after about
an hour.

The media closures, now numbering 16, are hampering Khatami's allies'
political ambitions. Only one reformist paper remained publishing Thursday as
campaigning started for the May 5 run-off elections, which will decide 66
seats in the 290-seat parliament, or Majlis.

The ruling clergy was stunned by the first round of voting in February, in
which candidates linked with reformist parties won about 70 percent of the
seats.

Since then, hard-line authorities have annulled 12 reformist winners, giving
two seats to hard-liners and calling for run-offs in the others. They also
said they might call for recasting votes in the capital, Tehran, where
reformists won 29 of the 30 seats. The capital's vote, they said, was marred
by fraud and inconsistencies.

But amid the media blackout imposed on reformists, Khatami's allies
campaigning in this round will have a tougher job competing.

The Press Court, which is dominated by hard-liners, justified Thursday's
newspaper closures by saying Mohammad-Reza Khatami's newspaper and the two
others had violated press laws. It gave no details of the violations.

Mohammad-Reza Khatami has been closely allied with his brother's national
campaign to loosen social, political and cultural restrictions. The only
reformist paper still allowed to publish is Bayan, which has not been as
outspoken as the others.

Without support from the press, reformist lawmakers and candidates might have
to wait until Parliament resumes session on May 27 to restart direct dialogue
with the people: the constitution mandates that Parliament debates be
broadcast live on state radio.

``The reformists are under siege. They are looking to the opening of the
Majlis as the cavalry,'' said Saeed Laylaz, an analyst who used to write for
the Azad daily before it was closed down Monday with a court order issued by
the hard-line judiciary.

There are clear signs the hard-liners are trying to claw their way back into
control of the Majlis, which in February they lost for the first time since
the 1979 Islamic revolution. Hard-liners have considerable power thanks to
their dominance over the judiciary, the state broadcasting media and the
Guardians Council that supervises elections.

Absent much of the reformist press, a lackluster campaign began Thursday for
the May run-offs. In most cases, the 66 seats up for grabs May 5 were left
open because no candidate won the minimum 25 percent in the first round.

The council announced first-round results only Wednesday - two months after
voting - but said the Tehran seats were still in doubt.

So far, it said, 185 places outside the capital were confirmed, and 66 would
be voted on May 5. It was unclear when authorities planned to fill the 10
left by their annulments after the first round, or how they would resolve the
objections over the 29 reformist wins in Tehran.

Holding 120 of the 185 confirmed seats, reformists need just 26 more for a
simple majority. The 29 Tehran seats in question would give reformists firm
control.

The allies of President Khatami, a maverick cleric, have appealed for calm,
saying unrest will play into the hands of hard-liners who are looking for a
pretext to delay the Majlis opening. The constitution requires the Majlis be
inaugurated on time, except in an emergency.

``When there is tension or crisis in society, everyone should apply wisdom
and self-restraint ... and act within the framework of the law in order to
calm the crisis and meet the needs of society,'' Iranian TV reported Khatami
as saying during a meeting Thursday with the Tehran city council.

Protests and riots erupted in July in Tehran and several other cities when
hard-liners closed a single reformist newspaper. The protests were quelled by
a hard-line crackdown, but the unrest - the worst since the revolution -
shook the clergy's authority.

There have been a few protests since the latest closures, but they have been
small, peaceful and contained inside universities.

``By remaining calm we are showing our own political maturity,'' said Javid
Rahmanqoli, a university student in Tehran. ``The other side wants us to
react, but we won't, not because we are afraid of a crackdown, but because we
have the maturity to understand the rules of the game.''

The elite Revolutionary Guards, backbone of Iran's military force, warned
last week that reformists would ``feel the revolutionary hammer on their
skulls'' if they failed to fall in line.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 20:50:24 EDT
From: Sohrab68@AOL.COM
Subject: In Support of Freedom of the Press in Iran

In Support of Freedom of the Press in Iran

An unprecedented attack has started against the press in Iran. Some 16
newspapers, weeklies, and other publications have been ordered shut by the
judiciary.

We condemn the closing of the newspapers and the jailing of their editors and
writers. We support freedom of expression for all. We condemn suppression of
the people's rights and voices in all shapes and forms.

We ask that you join us by placing the "Free Iran Press" ribbon on your site.
You are welcome to link the ribbon to this page, or copy it to your site.

We also urge you to write to the following to voice your support for the
Iranian press. For low cost faxing to Iran, you may wish to take a look at
fax2iran, or fax4free.

Iranian Government Officials

His excellency Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of the Islamic
Republic of Iran
Fax: +98 21 650-203 (via Interior Ministry, ask for fax to be forwarded)
istiftaa@wilayah.org
http://www.wilayah.org

His excellency Hojjatoleslam Seyed Mohammad Khatami, President of the Islamic
Republic of Iran
The Presidency
Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Fax: +98 21 674-790 (via Foreign Affairs, ask for fax to be forwarded)
khatami@president.ir
http://www.president.ir

His excellency Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi, Head of the Judiciary
Ministry of Justice
Park-e Shahr
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

His excellency, Hojjatoleslam Abdolvahed Mousavi Lari, Minister of the
Interior
Ministry of the Interior
Dr. Fatemi Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Fax: +98 21 899-547, 650-203

Mr. Mohammad Hassan Zia'i-far
Secretary General, Islamic Human Rights Commission
P.O. Box 13165-137
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Fax: +98 21 204-0541

Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance
Minister's deputy office in press and publicity affairs
Tehran, Iran
Foreign press and media department
Shahdi Beheshti Avenue, Takhti Square
Corner of Shahid Sabounchi Street
Tel: +98 21 875-1754 thru 8
Fax: +98 21 875-7845
http://www.farhang.gov.ir

Your representatives at the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis)
http://mellat.majlis.ir/majlis


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--

International Press Associations

Mr. Scott Bosley, Executive Director, American Society of Newspaper Editors
Fax: +1 703 453-1133
sbosley@asne.org
http://www.asne.org

Mr. Mario Pirani, President, European Press Club
Ogni ulteriore informazione si puø richiedere a Via Poli, 29
00187 Rome, Italy
Fax +39 6 679-3652
http://www.eurplace.org/orga/epc

Ms. Sonya K. Fry, Executive Director, Overseas Press Club of America
40 W. 45th Street
New York, N.Y. 10036 USA
Fax: +1 212 626-9210, 983-4692
http://www.opcofamerica.org

Mr. Ch. Prashanth Reddy, President, Press Club Hyderabad
Opp. Eenadu Somajiguda
Hyderabad 500 016, India
prasant@thehindu.co.in
http://www.pressclubhyd.com

Mr. David J. Anable, President, International Center for Journalists 1616 H.
Street, NW
Third floor
Washington D.C. 20006 USA
Fax: +1 202 737-0530
anable@icfj.org
http://www.icfj.org

The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press
1815 N. Ft. Myer Dr.
Suit. 900
Arlington, VA 22209 USA
rcfp@rcfp.org
http://www.rcfp.org

Ms. Ann Cooper, Executive Director, The Committee to Protect Journalists
330 7th Avenue, 12th Floor
New York, NY 10001 USA
Fax: +1 212 465-9568
acooper@cpj.org
http://www.cpj.org

Mr. Timothy Balding, Director General, World Association of Newspapers
25 rue d'Astorg
75008 Paris, France
Fax: +33 1 47.42.49.48
tbalding@wan.asso.fr
http://www.wan-press.org

Ms. Marilyn J. Greene, Executive Director, World Press Freedom Committee
11690-C Sunrise Valley Drive
Reston, VA 20191, USA
Fax: +1 703 620-6790
mgreene@wpfc.org
http://www.wpfc.org

PEN American Center
568 Broadway
New York, NY 10012-3225 USA
Tel: +1 212 334-1660
Fax: +1 212 334-2181
pen@pen.org
http://www.pen.org

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--

Iranian Press

Ya-le-Sarat-el-Hossein (Ansar-e Hezbollah paper)
Managing Director: Mr. Abdol-Hamid Mohtasham
P.O. Box 14175-147
Tehran, Iran

Jebheh
Managing Director: Mr. Ahmad Kazem-Zadeh
Editor: Mr. Masoud Dehnamaki
Tel: +98 21 6401376
http://www.hamta.co.uk/jebheh.htm

Kayhan Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Hossein Shariatmadari
Tel: +98 21 311-0251, 311-0259
Fax: +98 21 311-1120, 311-4228
kayhan@ofogh.net
http://www.kayhannews.com

Jomhouri-e Eslami Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Masih Mohajeri
P.O. Box 11365-4973
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 306-111, 306-120
Fax: +98 21 311-7552
j-eslami@neda.net
irn@neda.net
http://www.neda.net/j-eslami

Resalat Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Seyed Morteza Nabavi
Tel/Fax: +98 21 890-587

Ghods Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Seyed Jalal Fayazi
Tel: +98 51 785-011
Fax: +98 51 784-004

Entekhab Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Taha Hashemi
Tel: +98 21 889-5956

Tehran Times (English)
Managing Director: Mr. Abbas Salimi Namin
32 Bimeh Lane, Nejatollahi Avenue
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 881-0293
Fax: +98 21 880-8214
salimi@tehrantimes.com
feedback@tehrantimes.com
http://www.tehrantimes.com

Hamshahri Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Morteza Alviri
P.O. Box 19395-5446
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 204-2490
Fax: +98 21 870-7754
editor-in-chief@hamshahri.org
alviri@neda.net
http://www.hamshahri.org

Ettelaat Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Seyed Mahmoud Do'ayi
Code 1549951199 Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 2999
Fax: +98 21 225-8022
ettelaat@ettelaat.com
bijan@ettelaat.com
http://www.ettelaat.com

Hammihan Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Gholam Hossein Karbaschi
P.O. Box 15875-3999
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 850-0970 thru 4
Fax: +98 21 873-2538
hammihan@neda.net
http://www.neda.net/hammihan

Hokoumat-e Eslami (Assembly of Experts journal)
Managing Director: Mr. Ebrahim Amini
Secretariat of the Assembly of Experts (Khebregan)
P.O. Box 3317
Shohada Street, Avenue 22 (Amar)
Qom, Iran
Tel: +98 251 741-322 thru 4
Fax: +98 251 741-323
http://www.nezam.org/

Khane-e Mellat (Majlis e-journal)
Managing Director: Mr. Mohammad Hossein Malayeri
malayeri@majlis.ir
sedighee@majlis.ir
http://www.majlis.ir

Iran Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Hossein Ziaie
P.O. Box 15875-5388
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 876-1720 thru 22
Fax: +98 21 876-1257, 876-1254
iran-newspaper@iran-newspaper.com
http://www.iran-newspaper.com

Iran Daily (English)
Managing Director: Fereydoun Verdinejad
P.O. Box 15875-4566
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 889-1895
Fax: +98 21 890-2853
iran-daily@iran-daily.com
http://www.iran-daily.com

Iran News Daily (English)
Managing Director: Mr. Mohammad Soltanifar
P.O. Box 15115-658
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 888-0231 thru 2, 878-9785, 878-9784
Fax: +98 21 878-6475
irannews@www.dci.co.ir
ininfo@iran-news.com
http://www.iran-news.com

Zanan
Managing Director: Ms. Shahla Sherkat
P.O. Box 15875-5563
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 884-0678
Fax: +98 21 884-0679
http://www.hamta.co.uk/zanan.htm

Kiyan
Managing Director: Mr. Reza Tehrani
P.O. Box 15875-5561
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 883-9673, 836-498, 839-151
Fax: +98 21 833-9674
kiyan@nasim.net
rokhsefat@nasim.net (Mr. Seyed Mostafa Rokhsefat)
tehrani@nasim.net (Mr. Reza Tehrani)
soltani@nasim.net (Mr. Ebrahim Khalifeh Soltani, editor)
http://www.nasim.net/kiyan

Asr-e Ma
Managing Director: Mr. Mohammad Salamati
P.O. Box 13165-173
Tehran, Iran
Tel/Fax: +98 21 646-1886
asrema@kanoon.net
http://www.wireworm.com/asrema

Bamdad e-journal
pendar@ouriran.com (Mr. Nima Naderi, editor)
http://bamdad.ouiran.com

Bayan Daily
Managing Director: Mr. Ali Akbar Mohtashemi



Mosharekat Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Seyed Mohammad Reza Khatami
P.O. Box 15815-3571
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 889-4265 thru 6
Fax: +98 21 880-6238
mosharekat@excite.com
http://www.mosharekatnews.com

Sobh-e Emrooz Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Saeed Hajjarian
Tel: +98 21 884-5011 thru 8
Fax: +98 21 884-3652
emrouz@emrouz.com
http://www.emrouz.com

Payam-e Azadi Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Davoud Bahrami Siavoshani
Tel/Fax: +98 21 835-989

Azad Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Mohammad Reza Yazdan Panah Fada'i
Sheikh Fazlollah Nouri Freeway, Before Sattar Khan Bridge
Water Company Street, Pardis Avenue, No. 97
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 822-9095 thru 9
Fax: +98 21 820-6697
azad@nasim.net
http://www.nasim.net/azad

Arya Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Mohammad Reza Zohdi
Tel: +98 21 802-3497
Fax: +98 21 802-3604

Aftab-e Emrooz Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Fereydoun Amouzadeh Khalili
Tel: +98 21 884-5018
Fax: +98 21 884-3652

Akhbar-e Eghtesad Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Ahmad Safa'i-Far
Vali Asr Avenue, Shahid Taheri Street, No. 15
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 204-0157, 204-1790
Fax: +98 21 204-0422
enews@neshat.com
isaharkhiz@neshat.com (Mr. Isa Saharkhiz)
http://www.neshat.com

Asr-e Azadegan Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Ghafour Garshasbi
Vali Asr Avenue, Shahid Taheri Street, No. 15
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 204-1790, 204-0157
Fax: +98 21 204-0422
chiefeditor@neshat.com
bvalibeik@neshat.com (Mr. Bagher Valibeik)
info@neshat.com
nabavi@hoder.com (Mr. Ebrahim Nabavi)
behnoud@apadana.com (Mr. Masoud Behnoud)
http://www.neshat.com

Fatth Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Yadollah Eslami
P.O. Box 19395-7475
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 201-4001 thru 12
Fax: +98 21 205-5401
Voicemail: +98 21 204-5666
info@fatthnews.com
http://www.fatthnews.com

Payam-e Hajar Banned
Managing Director: Ms. A'zam Taleqani
P.O. Box 11495-155
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 753-7022
hajar@nasim.net
http://www.nasim.net/hajar

Aban Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Mohammad Hassan Alipour
Tel: +98 21 883-4605
Fax: +98 21 883-4605
http://www.hamta.co.uk/aban.htm

Iran-e Farda Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Ezzatollah Sahabi
P.O. Box 15745-676
Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 884-3484
Fax: +98 21 884-7585
http://www.apadana.com/nashr/iranefarda/68

Ava Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Mostafa Eizadi
Tel: +98 21 886-296
Fax: +98 21 885-4367

Arzesh Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Ali Nazari
Tel: +98 21 649-9989

Bamdad-e No Daily Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Abolqassem Golbaf

Gozaresh-e Rouz Banned
Managing Director: Mr. Mohammad Mahdavi Khorrami

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 26 Apr 2000 to 27 Apr 2000 - Special issue
*******************************************************************