Date: Apr 12, 1998 [ 22: 11: 11]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 11 Apr 1998 to 12 Apr 1998 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 11 Apr 1998 to 12 Apr 1998 - Special issue
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There are 19 messages totalling 1215 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. JameEe: mrdm : Hqayq ra faS knyd
2. Iranian minister wants referendum on jailed mayor
3. Quake hits northwestern Iran, no casualty reported
4. Iran starts military exercise in southern Gulf
5. Iran Begins Tests of New Subs
6. Press Review (Iran News daily April 11) (fwd)
7. Press Review (Iran News daily April 12) (fwd)
8. Cancelation of Interview by Mayor's Wife (fwd)
9. My Appointment as Mayor Is a Rumor - Marashi (fwd)
10. Mohsen Makhmalbaf: A Word with Khatami and a Flower for Karbaschi
11. FIFTH COLUMN:Karbaschi and Four Basic Theories by: Seyed Ebrahim Nabavi
12. Review of the Analysis in Society About the Detention of the Tehran Mayor
(fwd)
13. jAmeEe: mKmlbaf: sKny ba Katmy v SaKh gly bh krbasGy
14. jameEe: 1USD= 5500 rial
15. jameEe: IRI and Iranian in LA
16. Afghanistan Blames Floods on Iran
17. Iran Students Back Arrested Mayor
18. Iran cabinet urges public not to march for mayor
19. Iran official urges Iran to lift oil output ability

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 13:56:30 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: JameEe: mrdm : Hqayq ra faS knyd

Very interesting article, it seems that theives are fighting against each
other. Few days ago one of the Parliamen members said:
gar hokm shavad ke mast girand
dar shahr har aanche hast girand

So if it is time to cach theves, it will be very difficult for IRI
officials to keep themselves out of jail :-)

--------------------------------------------

This file was created by pfont to Gerdsooz Applet
to be able to read this file in Farsi, you have to
use gerdsooz for Windows or use the program at:
http://www.payvand.com/gerdsooz
=begin=

mrdm : Hqayq ra faS knyd
grvh syasy

afSay tKlfat maly dr vzart frhng v arSad aslamy dr
zman tCdy ayn vzartKanh tvsT syd mCTfy myrslym kh
az svy syd eTaallh mhajrany vzyr knvny ayn vzart
Kanh dr AKryn mCaHbh Kvd ba Kbrngaran Cvrt grft
Sgfty mrdm v mHafl syasy v Kbry daKly v Karjy ra
brangyKt v afkar emvmy aynk Kvastar rvSn Sdn sayr
abead mbhm ayn majra hstnd.
bh gzarS Kbrngar ma , mhajrany rvz dvSnbh gZSth dr
gftgvy mTbveaty dr pasK bh prsS yky az Kbrngaran dr
KCvC abhamha v svi astfadhhay maly dr ayn vzart
Kanh bh nkthhay jalby aSarh krd v az napdyd Sdn mblQ
yk mylyard v dvyst mylyvn tvman vjvh varyzy dr jryan
brpayy nmaySgah ktab sal gZSth kh az svy mrdm ba hdf
Kryd ktabhay Karjy bh ayn vzartKanh prdaKth bvdnd ,
Kbr dad.
vy hmGnyn dr ayn mCaHbh abhamat dygry dr mvrd sayr
mvssat vabsth bh ayn vzart Kanh az jmlh bnyad faraby ,
meavnt amvr synmayy v meavnt mTbveaty mTrH krd, ama
dreynHal az araih tvxyH byStr dr ayn mvrd Kvddary v
tnha bh Zkr ayn nkth ))kh bh hr Hal bayd brrsy Svd
ayn mbalQ kja v bh Gh Cvrt hzynh Sdh ast(( aktfa krd.
psaz bazdaSt QlamHsyn krbasGy Shrdar thran dr nKstyn
rvzhay AQaz fealyt kSvr dr sal jdyd kh tvj afkar emvmy
ra bh svy Kvd jlb krd , ayn bar dr dvmyn rKdad jnjaly sal
77 , aelam tKlfat maly dr vzart frhng v arSad aslamy dr
zman tCdy myrslym bar dygr sbb thyj afkar emvmy Sd v
aynk bayd pasKhay qane knndh v tvxyHat byStry dr ayn barh
az svy msivlan sabq v mtvlyan knvny ayn vzartKanh bray rvSn
saKtn afkar emvmy araih Svd.
brKy az mrdm dr gftgv ba Kbrngar ma br ayn nkth takyd
krdnd kh Gra vzyr frhng v arSad aslamy zvdtr ayn msalh
ra ba mrdm drmyan ngZaSth ast v brKy nyz metqd hstnd kh
araih hmzman ayn aTlaeat ba Hadch dstgyry krbasGy by
artbaT nyst v nvey vaknS syasy az svy jnaH Trfdar krbasGy
)Gp v kargzaran( dr mqabl jnaH mvafq mjazat Shrdar thran
)jnaH rast( bh Smar my Ayd v aynha hmh Saibh brKvrd syasy
ra tqvyt krd.

Hsyn myrzayy , dyplmh v daray SQl Azad dr ayn barh bh
Kbrngar ma gft: )) az zman rvy kar Amdn syd mHmd Katmy
elaqh mrdm dr mSarkt dr CHnh syasy kSvr ba tvjh bh Sfaftr
Sdn rqabt jnaHhay syasy , fzvny grfth ast v aynk tHvlat
jary kSvr bh dqt v ba ngahy syasy az svy mrdm teqyb mySvd((.
vy afzvd: ))aXharat vzyr arSad aslamy dr KCvC abhamha v
sviastfadh~hay maly dr dvrh gZSth ayn vzartKanh , jday az
abead An dr vhlh nKst Sayd nvey mqablh ba jnaH rast dr jryan
dstgyry Shrdar thran baSd. bh ayn trtyb emlkrd mntsbyn bh
jnaH rast zyr sval Kvahd rft((.
)frhad Kvrdbyn( dygr Shrvnd thrany dr ayn barh aetqad dard
ba dstgyry Shrdar thran v bh mHakmh kSandn vy dr Ayndh baz
hm prvndhhay dygry az svimdyrytha dr kSvr az hr dv jnaH ba
hdf antqam gyry az ykdygr brmla Svd v aXharat aKyr vzyr arSad
Sayd AQaz ayn majra baSd.
Kanmy kh Kvd ra rHmty meZfy myknd , az emlkrd vzyr sabq frhng
v arSad aslamy glayh dard. vy mygvyd: ))jameh hnrmndan v
frhngyan kSvr az dvrh gZSth vzart frhng Gndan dl KvSy ndarnd
v dr mqabl az aqdam ha v brnamh hay vzyr knvny astqbal myknnd
v antXar darnd kh kastyhay gZSth bvyJh dr meavnt synmayy bray
mrdm afSa Svd((.
vy adamh mydhd: ))byan nqxha v kastyha az dvran gZSth ayn
vzartKanh ra nbayd Crfa yk Hrkt syasy tlqy krd Gra mmkn ast
bh aCl mTlb KdSh vard Ayd , hr Gnd kh byan ayn nkth dr ayn
zman amkan dard az angyzhhay syasy nyz brKvrdar baSd ama ayn
fre majra ast v bayd bh ayn aCl ayn qxyh v Klafha v narsayyhay
gZSth byStr tvjh krd((.
abrahym Syrazy kh Kvd ra karmnd merfy myknd , mygvyd : ))jameh
ma dr SrayT syasy KaCy qrar grfth v bayd dr py hr aXharnXr
rsmy msivlan, bdnbal angyzhhay vaqey gfthha bvd((.
vy myafzayd: ))ayn rvzha tmamy CHbtha v aXharnXrha syasy Sdh
ast v jnaH rast az yk Trf ba jnaH Gp v grvh kargzaran drgyry
lfXy darnd v az svy dygr mTbveat Hamy hr yk az jnaHha v hm
Gnyn msivlan mntsb bh jnaHha bh TrH aXhar nXrhay syasy v ya
aXharnXrhay dr Xahr Qyrsyasy ama ba hdf syasy kary mSQvl hstnd((.
babk dad nvysndh mTbveat, aqdamat vzyr arSad ra aqdamy syasy
v dr artbaT ba dstgyry Shrdar thran Kvand v ayn prsS ra mTrH
krd kh Aya ayn hmzmany aqdam Aqay mhajrany nvey ))syasy
krdn(( tKlfat mTrH Sdh tlqy nmySvd? v Aya mnTqy ast kh ba
vaknSy aHsasy bh hman Syvh syasy mtvsl Svd kh jnaH rqyb bkar
bsth v mvrd nkvhS qrar grfth ast?
vy afzvd: Hty agr tKlf maly dr Shrdary thran vjvd daSth baSd ,
kyst kh metqd nbaSd , bazdaSt krbasGy amry syasy ast v Anra
dr jht mnafe yk jnaH v tsvyh Hsabhay syasy arzyaby nknd v
dr mqabl Hty agr tKlf maly dr mdyryt sabq arSad rK dadh baSd
ba tvjh bh hm zmany aelam An ba majray dstgyry Shrdar thran ,
kyst kh bavr knd afSagry Aqay mhajrany dr ayn zman amry syasy
nyst v dr jht nvey mqablh bh mcl syasy tlqy nmySvd.
dr gftgv ba Gnd tn dygr az Shrvndan nyz nkthhayy ba mHvrhay
mSabh mTrH Sd v dr mjmve prsS Svndgan Kvastar rvSn Sdn km v
kyf ayn majra bh dvr az syasy kary Sdnd v dr eyn Hal takyd
krdnd kh mTalb v Hqayq bayd bh drsty bh aTlae mrdm rsandh Svd.
tlaS Kbrngar ma bray gftgv ba syfallh dad meavnt synmayy v
nyz mHmd Hsn pzSk mdyreaml bnyad synmayy faraby nakam mand ,
ama Kbrngar ma Ty tmas ba aHmd bvrqany meavn mTbveaty vzyr
arSad Kvahan gft gv ba vy dr ayn zmynh Sd kh bvqany aXhar nXr
Kvd ra bh Ayndh mvkvl krd.
=end=

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 14:11:02 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iranian minister wants referendum on jailed mayor

Iranian minister wants referendum on jailed mayor 06:23 a.m. Apr 12,
1998 Eastern

TEHRAN, April 12 (Reuters) - Iran's interior minister called for a
referendum to resolve a row over Tehran's jailed mayor Gholamhossein
Karbaschi and announced the creation of a centre for his defence, a
newspaper said on Sunday.

``If the case of the mayor and the municipality is a national issue, why
is a poll not conducted to learn of the peoples' views? A referendum
must be held,'' Abdollah Nouri was quoted as saying by the Iran Daily
newspaper.

Nouri would also open the interior ministry's doors to the public to
visit the newly created ``Centre for Karbaschi's Defence,'' which was
due to open on Sunday, the newspaper said.

The centre would highlight the mayor's works in the past eight years,
Nouri told Iran's official news agency IRNA.

Nouri's moves were the latest sign of support for Karbaschi, a close
ally of President Mohammad Khatami, whose arrest has brought into the
open a clash between conservatives and moderates brewing since Khatami's
election last year.

Karbaschi is charged by the conservative-led judiciary with
embezzlement, misappropriation of funds and mismanagement.

Supporters of the mayor, who is considered a moderate, reject the
detention as politically motivated.

The judiciary denies the charge, pointing to the cases of several of
Karbaschi's top aides convicted on similar charges.

But Nouri's actions also spawned criticism in the conservative press and
accusations that the minister was biased.

The hardline daily Jomhuri Eslami on Sunday accused Nouri of being
biased for setting up the centre, visiting the mayor's family, and
allowing a pro-Khatami Islamic student group to hold a rally in support
of the mayor at Tehran University on Tuesday.

``Mr Nouri is performing the role of an activist in a political faction
rather than the role of interior minister,'' the paper said in a
commentary.

``The interior minister is expected to act more maturely,'' Jomhuri
Eslami said.

``Instead, the interior ministry has become the headquarters for causing
tension in society,'' the paper said.

The heads of Iran's three branches of government met on Saturday night
to discuss the issue of the mayor, the Tehran Times said.

In the talks, also attended by influential former president Akbar
Hashemi Rafsanjani, the paper said ``these four officials reached some
sort of conclusion.'' It did not elaborate.

Iran News said Karbaschi's wife backed out of a planned press conference
on Saturday night, leading to speculation that she bowed out on
instructions from the mayor, who did not want to stir things up in case
a deal was in the making.

``Since the heads of the three branches of power were meeting on the
issue last night and steps are said to be under way to free the mayor,
he did not want to escalate the crisis,'' it said.

Jomhuri Eslami said the country needed a calm and healthy political
atmosphere to enable the executive, legislative and judiciary to work
together in the case.

``All supporters of the Islamic system should refrain from fanning the
flames of political disputes and instead exert utmost effort to create
an atmosphere of understanding,'' it said.

``Regrettably, the interior ministry... has taken measures in the
opposite direction,'' the newspaper said.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 14:12:25 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Quake hits northwestern Iran, no casualty reported

Quake hits northwestern Iran, no casualty reported 03:37 a.m. Apr 12,
1998 Eastern

TEHRAN, April 12 (Reuters) - An earthquake measuring 4.1 on the Richter
scale hit northwestern Iran on Sunday, but there were no immediate
reports of casualties or damage, the official news agency IRNA said.

The tremor, which struck Ardebil province at 12.55 a.m. on Sunday (2025
GMT on Saturday), occurred two days after a strong earthquake in eastern
Iran killed at least 10 people and injured 30, IRNA said.

Official Iranian television has said at least 12 people died in Friday's
quake.

The seismological centre of Tehran University registered the epicentre
of Sunday's tremor 350 km (220 miles) northwest of Tehran, in the
vicinity of Khalkhal.

Earthquakes measuring between four and five are powerful enough to cause
heavy damage in populated areas.

Friday's quake, which measured 5.9 on the Richter scale, hit the region
of Birjand near the border with Afghanistan at 7.31 p.m. (1501 GMT) on
Friday.

Iranian media have said 25 villages were hit and 600 houses severely
damaged.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 14:13:29 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran starts military exercise in southern Gulf

Iran starts military exercise in southern Gulf 05:25 a.m. Apr 12, 1998
Eastern

TEHRAN, April 12 (Reuters) - Iran began nine days of military exercises
in southern Gulf waters on Sunday with 15,000 troops and three
submarines -- marking the first time it was operating its three
Russian-built submarines together.

The official Iranian news agency IRNA quoted the deputy commander of the
first zone of the naval forces of the army, Rear-Admiral Habibollah
Sayyari, as saying the ``Ettehad'' (Unity) manoeuvres started in the
Gulf on Sunday morning.

``He stressed that the aim of the naval exercises... is to increase the
combat-readiness of the naval forces in safeguarding the country's sea
borders and testing military equipment,'' IRNA said.

The agency has said the war-games would be carried out in three phases
on the ground and under water and would extend from Bandar Abbas in
southern Iran to Chahabar in the southeast.

Iran's navy chief, Rear-Admiral Abbas Mohtaj, told the Tehran Times
daily that the use of the three kilo-class diesel submarines made the
exercises the first of their kind since Iran's Islamic revolution in
1979.

The war-games will also include two frigates, two personnel carrier
vessels, two logistics vessels, and teams of frogmen, along with 15,000
naval and air force personnel.

Sayyari said operations would include refuelling at sea by night,
``controlling and guiding flight units, defending against enemy air
attacks and electronic war.''

At a news conference on Saturday, Mohtaj criticised the U.S. military
presence in the Gulf region and said the code name of the exercises
indicated Iran's willingness to cooperate with its Gulf Arab neighbours.

Iran's ties with its neighbours have often been tense, in part over
differences concerning the presence of Western forces in the Gulf and a
dispute with the United Arab Emirates over three Gulf islands.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 14:14:45 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran Begins Tests of New Subs

Iran Begins Tests of New Subs

Sunday, April 12, 1998; 7:42 a.m. EDT

TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- Iran began wide-ranging naval exercises Sunday off
its coast, promising to unveil for the first time three Russian
submarines added to its arsenal.

The Kilo-class submarines, the third of which was delivered by Russia
last year, will take part in the nine-day exercises, the official
Islamic Republic News Agency reported.

Their deployment will counter ``the enemy's propaganda and wishful
suggestions that Iran is incapable of making good use of the submarines
it has purchased from Russia,'' the commander of the Iranian navy, Adm.
Abbas Mohtaj, was quoted as saying.

The exercises, which will be conducted in an area of 15,000 square
miles, are aimed at strengthening the country's defense and combat
capabilities, the agency said.

Two destroyers, two troop carriers and other warships as well as 15,000
sailors and air force personnel will take part, it said.

The drills will take place on both sides of the Strait of Hormuz, in the
Gulf and in the Gulf of Oman, Mohtaj said.

Some 20 percent of the world's oil passes through the Strait of Hormuz.
The U.S. Navy usually stations 15 to 20 warships in the Gulf to patrol
its shipping lanes -- a point of contention with Iran, which considers
the Gulf its own sphere of influence.

Mohtaj said Iran was willing to carry out war games with its Arab
neighbors and had called the exercises ``ettehad,'' or unity, ``to
consolidate unity and friendship'' in the region.

Most Arab states in the Gulf are wary of Iran's revolutionary brand of
Islam, and the United Arab Emirates contests Iran's control over three
small islands on the western side of the strait.

(C) Copyright 1998 The Associated Press

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 14:17:19 +1000
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: Press Review (Iran News daily April 11) (fwd)

HAMSHAHRI * The daily accused the right faction of
politically manipulating the Tehran Municipality case due to
their bitter defeat in the May 23 presidential elections.

"There are other political currents in the recent times who
faced political misfortunes in certain junctures. But they
preferred to keep silent and through constant legal work and
activity, again achieved great political successes," said the
daily in its editorial. The paper was apparently referring to the
left-wing which was highly isolated after its defeat in the
Fourth Majlis elections, but after a few years, it succeeded in
bringing to power its candidate in the recent presidential
elections.

IRAN * The government daily said the Iranian people are
vigilant and know those who were so fond of dialogue with
the Americans. "Now it would be unfair and beyond
expectation to observe `the defendants of yesterday' seating at
the bench of `judgment' and accuse the winner of May 23
presidential election of trying to normalize relations with the
United States," said the editorial in the paper.

The paper was apparently referring to last week's remarks by
right-wing MP from Tehran, Morteza Nabavi who made
strongly-worded remarks against President Khatami for
conducting an interview with the CNN recently and accused
him of trying to re-establish relations with the United States.

It could also mean former MP, Said Rajaie Khorassani, who
won a seat in the Fourth Majlis with the support of Jame-e
Rouhaniyat-e Mobarez (JRM) and who called for
re-establishment of relations with the United States, in an
open letter to the Leader in 1993.

Observers maintain that Rajaie Khorassani's name was
dropped from the list of JRM candidates in the Fifth Majlis
elections for the same reason and he could not be re-elected.

SALAAM * The Islamic Revolution Mojahedin Organization
(IRMO), in a statement issued on the arrest of the Tehran
Mayor Gholamhussein Karbaschi, analyzed the reasons and
dimensions of the incident. It said had the President resorted
to "open diplomacy" in dealing with the obstructions of the
right wing and relied on the public opinion in this respect, it
would stop the right faction from committing more affront.

"The political forces supporting the government's programs,
must not keep silent on the grounds that protest to the arrest of
the Tehran mayor might imply their support for the
performance of the municipality and its possible violations.
Instead, the adoption of a firm, explicit and transparent stance
in this regard would not only solve the present dilemma but
prevent the government's rival faction from taking their next
planned actions," said the IRMO statement.

KAR O KARGAR * According to the paper, following the
detention of Tehran Mayor Gholamhussein Karbaschi, the
Unity Consolidation Office and the Islamic Association of
Tehran Municipality intend to hold separate assemblies in
support of the mayor.

QODS * The right-wing daily reported rumors that Tehran
Mayor Gholamhussein Karbaschi will be replaced by Hussein
Marashi, MP from Kerman.

JAMEAH * The paper said that the mayor of Tehran is now
being detained at the special ward 325 of the Evin Prison. It
said despite efforts by Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani,
the chairman of the Expediency Council, Karbaschi's family
have not been able to visit him. The paper said Karbaschi had
been obliged to wear the prison grab (gray pyjamas) on the
first day of his arrest but allowed to wear his ordinary suit
later. It said the mayor refuses to eat the prison food.

JAMEAH * The paper accused Ayatollah Hashemi
Rafsanjani, the chairman of the Expediency Council, of never
risking his prestige and honor in the face of crisis. It said for
Rafsanjani his successful presence in the political scene was
more important than the prestige of individuals (referring to
the detention of Tehran Mayor Gholamhussein Karbaschi).
Referring to Rafsanjani's lack of support for his former
ministers such as Mohammed Khatami (former minister of
culture and Islamic guidance), Abdullah Nouri (minister of the
interior), Mostafa Moin (minister of culture and higher
education) which led to their resignation, the paper said in the
case of the municipality too, Hashemi Rafsanjani had acted
very conservatively.

JAMEAH * The daily also reported that a court has jailed a
former MP for 30 months for ties with Qom cleric Mr.
Husseinali Montazeri. It said the court passed the sentence
earlier this week against Gholam Hussein Nadi, also a
clergyman, for unspecified activities linked to Montazeri.

Montazeri has been put under virtual house arrest in the holy
city of Qom since he questioned the authority of the Supreme
Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei in a speech in
November.

JAMEAH * The paper also said that Intelligence Minister
Qorbanali Dorri Najaf-Abadi on Thursday warned followers
of Montazeri against continuing their protests in his support.
He told a public meeting in the holy city of Qom, that the
Supreme National Security Council (SNSC), Iran's highest
security and military decision-making body, had "allowed the
Judiciary to take action against those who seek in Montazeri's
name to provoke public opinion and cause problems."

"No regime can easily tolerate such an attitude, no matter who
or where it comes from," he said, quoted by the paper.

IN CIRCLES * The Human Rights Group ``Human Rights
Watch'' on Tuesday called on Iran to hold a fair and public
trial of Tehran Mayor Gholamhossein Karbaschi.

``We fear that the decision to arrest and prosecute Mr.
Karbaschi may be a politically-motivated act," Hanny
Megally, Director of the group's Middle East and North
Africa Division, said in a letter to the head of Iran's Judiciary.

The letter asks for assurances ``that the trial will be open to
the public and will comply with the safeguards established in
international law for a fair trial.''

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 14:18:03 +1000
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: Press Review (Iran News daily April 12) (fwd)

KAR O KARGAR * The paper reported that a group of
Ansar-e Hizbollah members had tried to disrupt the Friday
Prayers ceremony in Isfahan last week by chanting shouts of
"death to Banisadr"! It said the Leader of Friday Prayers of
Isfahan Ayatollah Seyed Jalaleddin Taheri had objected to
the group. It is not known what was the aim of the Ansar
behind chanting slogans against the Abolhassan Banisadr
who was dismissed 18 years ago. But since Khatami's
opponents have lately likened him to Banisadr, it is likely
that the Ansar directed their slogan against Khatami.

QODS * The paper reported that Jalil Ali Akbari, Tehran's
District 8 mayor, is likely to replace Gholamhussein
Karbaschi as mayor of Tehran. The paper named Hussein
Marashi, MP; Mohammed Hashemi, vice president for
executive affairs; and Mohammed Salamati, a leading
member of the Islamic Revolution Mojahedin Organization
(IRMO) as other possible candidates for the post. Despite the
fact that the government still regards Karbaschi as the Tehran
mayor, the report in the right-wing daily Qods wants to
imply that Karbaschi's work is finished.

FARDA * Quoting Ayatollah Taheri, the Friday Prayers
leader of Isfahan, the daily said: "I give you the good news
that Karbaschi will be released from jail next week."

JAMEAH * The daily said Hojj. Mohammadi Reyshahri, the
secretary-general of the Society for Defense of the Values of
the Islamic Revolution (SDVIR) intends to resign his
position as head of the Special Clergy Court upon his return
from the Hajj pilgrimage. The paper did not elaborate on the
reason for his resignation but it is believed to be due to his
differences with Hojj. Razini, the head of the Tehran Justice
Department.

* The paper also said that Majlis Speaker Hojj. Nateq-Nouri
has opposed the arrest of Gholamhussein Karbaschi and has
not liked the policy of the Judiciary in this connection. It is
said this has been the main cause of his silence.

RESALAT * The paper commented on the open letter sent
to the Leader by the Society for Defense of the Values of the
Islamic Revolution (SDVIR) and said it was in support of the
Tehran mayor and an attempt by the SDVIR to gain some
power in the Judiciary. "What value is superior to the
administration of justice and law? The long-standing attacks
of the SDVIR against the Judiciary brings to mind doubts
about its making efforts to secure power in that branch of
power. Why the SDVIR is not going about reviewing the
cultural and economic steps by the Tehran mayor to see what
values have been sacrificed?" Resalat commented.

RESALAT * The paper also referred to the Interior Minister
Abdullah Nouri's visit to the house of the Tehran mayor and
his support for him, and said: "We are not saying that the
reason for the interior minister's support for Karbaschi is
because of receiving these presents (60 gold coins), but
believe it would be better for the minister to keep silent and
prevent such an assumption." The claim that the interior
minister had received 60 gold coins from the Tehran
Municipality when he was a member of Hashemi
Rafsanjani's Cabinet was made by Gholamreza Qobbeh, the
deputy mayor for administrative and financial affairs during
his trial as one of those accused in the municipality case.

STORIES OF HUMAN INTEREST

SOBH-E KHANEVADEH * The harrowing massacre of a
family of four in Malayer a few days before the start of the
new year, 1377, was reported to be done due to
disagreement with the murderer's second marriage. The
bodies were found a few days after their death in the cellar of
their house. Malayer is a suburb of the western Province of
Hamedan.

FARDA * A young girl hanged herself using her scarf in the
prison of the Headquarters for Forbidding the Good and
Enjoining the Evil in Abadan. According to the paper, the
girl had been strolling in a public park along with a young
man not related to her. Certain factions in Iran believe that
intimate relations between men and women who are not
married or are not related, are illegal.

SOBH-E KHANEVADEH * A man lodged a complaint
against his wife with the court on charges of scurrility. The
judge who investigated the husband's claim summoned the
man's second wife, Simin, to appear in the court.

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 14:18:51 +1000
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: Cancelation of Interview by Mayor's Wife (fwd)

Source: Quds daily April 12
-------------------------------------------
Gholam Hussein Karbaschi at a one-hour meeting with his
wife on Thursday said: "I will be content if I stay here for
ever but the system is safeguarded. If the friends ask about
me, tell them: "We did not see but beauty."

The wife said the above at a meeting with the reporters of
Salaam, Hamshahri, Resalat, Iran News, Qods, Karo Kargar,
Jameah and the BBC.

But on the basis of the advice of Mr. Karbaschi, which she
was informed of a few minutes before her giving an
interview, she refused to say anything more.

The editor of Hamshahri at the meeting said certain points to
the reporters. He said he did not know and was surprised
about the manner of the coordination for the interview and
the presence of the reporters at the mayor's home. He said the
time of the interview had been arranged in connection with
the reporter of Jameah. The reporter of Jameah said he was
informed of the interview by the reporter of Salaam!

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 14:19:29 +1000
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: My Appointment as Mayor Is a Rumor - Marashi (fwd)

Source: Farda daily April 12
--------------------------------------
The Executives of Construction would call on the people to
take part in a demonstration if Karbaschi's detention went on.

Hussein Marashi, MP for Kerman and a member of the
Executives of Construction emphasized in a talk with Farda:
If Karbaschi's detention went on after the Unity
Consolidation Office's rally outside the Tehran University
the Executives and other groups, eg the Coalition of the
Imam's Line, would call for a rally. Referring to a report in
one of the dailies that he might be appointed mayor, he
said: "That is a rumor. Karbaschi is the Tehran mayor and
would remain so."

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 14:20:05 +1000
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: Mohsen Makhmalbaf: A Word with Khatami and a Flower for Karbaschi

Source: Jameah April 12
-----------------------------------------------------
Mr. President!

Twenty million people of Iran voted for you on May 23 so
that you would take part in the government as their legal
representative and they would refer to your view and opinion
and know their duty at times of crisis.

Now in connection with the imprisonment of Mr. Karbaschi
Iran is moving in the direction of a crisis and those 20 million
Iranians are waiting for your opinion. But despite this
national expectation you have adopted silence. What should
be our interpretation of your profound silence?

1. That your silence signals consent and you are in favor of
the arrest of Mr. Karbaschi [?]!! The statement by the
Cabinet in support of Mr. Karbaschi refutes that, unless we
go a long way and imagine that the Cabinet is not going your
course or imagine freedom has overtaken you.

2. The second interpretation is that you are worried about
probable violence resulting from (announcement of) your
opinion.

I myself have this interpretation and consider your silence to
be a move in Gandhi's style and in the direction of
"non-violence" which is the dream of the civil society.

On one hand I want to protest against this political step
which has given a bad name to justice and judgment in
Iranian society. I know your prefer no move to take place to
make society go in the course of agitation instead of reason.
Because in the words of today's benevolent of the world the
means is the very end and to achieve the end of civil society
one cannot go through the course of violence and agitation.

This is why to protest what has hurt the hearts of aware
Iranians today I adopt silence like your meaningful silence
and I shall not produce any film until the freedom of Mr.
Karbaschi and to express my appreciation to him I present a
flower to him in this very column.

Although I know that some of the actions of the municipality
have hurt many of the citizens, I know it more that behind
this political episode this is not Karbaschi who is imprisoned
but these are color, vivaciousness and civility which are in
jeopardy.

Therefore I call on all those who agree with me to present a
white flower, as a sign of wishing peace and civility, to the
municipality of their city. I emphatically call on the people if
they take part in any gathering they should remain silent, like
you, instead of chanting any slogan and like Gandhi create a
silent presence even if they are attacked and become targets
of violence.

I personally shall switch on the lights of my car as sign of
happiness of Tehran and the homeland on the day of
freedom of Karbaschi. May peace follow your silence.

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 14:20:43 +1000
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: FIFTH COLUMN:Karbaschi and Four Basic Theories by: Seyed Ebrahim Nabavi

Source: Jameah April 12
------------------------------------------
FIFTH COLUMN
Karbaschi and Four Basic Theories
by: Seyed Ebrahim Nabavi

There are four basic theories about the detention of
Karbaschi:

1. The officials know what they are saying and people
understand what they are hearing: As it appears the case of
embezzlements must be attended to and the case of the
Tehran mayor is a political one.

2. The officials know what they are saying, but people do
not understand what they are hearing: As it appears there
must be a ban on visiting the Tehran mayor.

3. The officials do not understand what they are saying, but
people understand what they are hearing: As it appears the
mayor assisted Khatami in the election and the assistance
must be considered embezzlement.

4. The officials do not understand what they are saying and
people do not understand what they are hearing: As it
appears the second and the third persons of the country have
adopted neutral silence on the case of the mayor.

Moral: Mutual understanding is a good thing

Moral including political moral: The problem of many
governments in the Third World countries is that the
intelligence quotient of the people in those countries is higher
than the intelligence quotient of their political managers.

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 14:21:37 +1000
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: Review of the Analysis in Society About the Detention of the Tehran
Mayor (fwd)

Source: Farda daily April 12
----------------------------------------
The Following is a Review of the Analyses in Society About
the Detention of the Tehran Mayor
by: Hussein Amanian

1. Some view it according to the conspiracy theory. They
believe in view of the drop in the price of oil and the rise in
prices of basic commodities the supporters of the government
by controversy over the detention intend to divert the
attention of the people from economic pressures.

2. Some refer to the activates of the Executives of
Construction in the economic, political and cultural areas.
They say the Executives with their cultural and political
measures put themselves against a group of the clergy and by
their economic measures stood against the bazaar, ie the
dominant class in society. In this analysis the names of
Karbaschi and Mohajerani are heard more. The analysis says
the detention of Karbarschi and his gradual elimination is
revenge on the Executive sand that if it succeeds it will
extend to their supporters.

3. Some say there have been rumors about (intention) to
remove the Judiciary Chief Yazdi and it was probable that he
would be dismissed by the leadership.

To counter that he has made a political move and by
launching the Tehran mayor case and fighting instances of
embezzlement and fraud he wants to gradually present
himself as the champion of fight against administrative and
social corruption. In this way he wants to cause delay in this
removal. On the other hand if he is removed people will
argue he was removed because he wanted to expose some of
the gentlemen. These people consider the delay in the
investigation in the Tehran Municipality case during the term
of Rafsanjani's government to be the best evidence for their
argument.

4. Some others believe this is the climax of the factional
clashes. In this analysis the person of Karbaschi is not
important and the point is the fight between two rival ways
of thinking which have their own levers (the executive and
the judicial power).

The group supporting the government believe losing
Karbaschi will be the first retreat and that this may gradually
include other members such as Abdullah Nouri and
Mohajerani.

These people believe the main tension is (between) the
executive and the judicial powers and that other institutions,
ie the Leadership, the Expediency Discernment Council and
the Majlis, will play a balancing role and that eventually
these balancing factors, especially the Leadership as the
symbol of national unity, will solve the problem in a way so
that the integrity of the system will not be harmed.

5. Some independent and moderate groups have shown a fair
stand. They believe that confronting offenders and criminals
must be pursued free from political hue and cry and
factionalism. They believe the performance of the two rival
groups - ie the approach of the judiciary which has at times
been vague and political - and the approach by the
government and his supporters - which at times has been
supportive and political - has tarnished the principle of
transfactional investigation of the violations.

These people are for moderation and justice. They want
investigation into all the financial and administrative
violations whether they have taken place in the Mostazafan
Foundation, the Tehran Municipality and ...

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 12 Apr 1998 06:47:06 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: jAmeEe: mKmlbaf: sKny ba Katmy v SaKh gly bh krbasGy

This file was created by pfont to Gerdsooz Applet
to be able to read this file in Farsi, you have to
use gerdsooz for Windows or use the program at:
http://www.payvand.com/gerdsooz
=begin=

mKmlbaf: sKny ba Katmy v SaKh gly bh krbasGy

mHsn mKmlbaf

Aqay ryys jmhvr
dr rvz dvm Krdad 6731 byst mylyvn az mrdm ayran bh Sma ray dadnd ta bh envan
nmayndh qanvny aySan dr Hkvmt Srkt knyd v dr mvaqe bHran , mlt bh ray v nXr
Sma astnad knnd v tklyf KvyS ra bdannd. aknvn dr mvrd zndany SdnAqay krbasGy,
ayran, bh smt yk bHran pyS myrvd v ayn bystmylyvn ayrany mntXr nXr Sma hstnd,
ama Sma elyrQm ayn tvqe mly skvt krdhayd. tebyr ma az skvt emyq Sma Gh bayd
baSd ?
1 aynkh skvt Sma elamt rxast v ba dstgyry Aqay krbasGy mvafqyd!!byanyh hyat
dvlt dr jht Hmayt az Aqay krbasGy ayn gman ra baTl myknd. mgr aynkh rah dvr
brvym v bh hmyn zvdy bpndarym kabyh Sma bh rah Sma nmyrvd v ya aynkh bpndarym
Azady az Sma sbqt grfth ast.
2 tebyr dvm ayn ast kh Sma KSvnthay aHtmaly naSy az aXhar nXr Kvd hstyd.
mn Kvd br ayn tebyrm v skvt Sma ra Hrkty gandy var v dr rastay ))edm KSvnt((
kh Arzvy jameh mdny ast mydanm.
az svyy dlm myKvahd bh ayn aqdam syasy kh edalt v qxavt ra dr jameh ayran bd
nam krdh ast aetrax knm v az svyy skvt ClH Tlbanh Sma ra pr mena myyabm v my
danm trjyH mydhyd Hrkty Cvrt ngyrd kh jameh bh jay teql bh rah hyjan brvd.
Gra kh bh qvl mClHyn amrvz dnya rah hman hdf ast v bray rsydn bh hdfy kh
jameh mdny v meqvl ast nmytvan az rahy kh KSvnt v hyjan ast ebvr krd.
bh ayn sbb bray aetrax bh AnGh qlb ayrany Agah amrvz ra Azrdh ast, hmGvn skvt
pr menay Sma skvt Kvahm krd v ta Azady Aqay krbasGy fylm nKvahm saKt v bray
qdrdany az Aqay krbasGy SaKh gly ra dr hmyn stvn bh aySan tqdym myknm .

v ba Ankh mydanm bKSy az emlkrd Shrdary bsyary az Shrvndan ra rnjandh
ast , ama byS az An mydanm kh dr ps ayn majray syasy , ayn krbasGy nyst
kh zndany mySvd ayn rng v Sadaby v mdnyt ast kh dr KTr aftadh ast. bh
hmyn sbb az hmh ksany kh ba nXr mn mvafqnd drKvast myknm SaKh gly spyd
ra bh nSanh Arzvy ClH v mdnyt bh Shrdary Shr KvdSan tqdym knnd. v mCranh
az mrdm drKvast myknm GnanGh dr hmaySy Srkt myknnd bjay hrgvnh Seary
hmGvn Sma skvt knnd v gandy var Hty vqty mvrd hjvm v

KSvnt qrar mygyrnd Hxvry sakt byafrynnd. mn bh SKCh dr rvz Azady Aqay
krbasGy GraQ atvmbyl Kvd ra bh nSanh Sady thran v myhn rvSn Kvahm krd.

ClH bdrqh skvt Sma bad

=end=

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 12 Apr 1998 06:51:55 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: jameEe: 1USD= 5500 rial

This file was created by pfont to Gerdsooz Applet
to be able to read this file in Farsi, you have to
use gerdsooz for Windows or use the program at:
http://www.payvand.com/gerdsooz
=begin=

qymt dlar dr bazar Azad
bh 0055 ryal afzayS yaft
grvh aqtCady

bh gzarS Kbrngar ma nrK brabry hr dlar dr Crafyhay dvby dr saeat payany rvz
pnjSnbh gZSth meadl 0045 ryal bvd.
karSnasan bazar metqdnd dlyl afzayS naghany qymt dlar , aTlae pyS az mvqe
dlalan v mtqaxyan Kryd arz az bKSnamh bank mrkzy mbny br yky Sdn nrK arz
msafrty v varyznamhay ast kh dr Hal Haxr dr bvrs thran mvrd meamlh qrar my
gyrd.
nrK hr dlar dr bazar Azad dr teTylat nvrvz Hdvd 0625 ryal bvd kh ba nvsany ta
Hdvd 0235 ryal rvbrv Sd ta rvz pnjSnbh nrK bh ykbarh az 0235ryal bh 0945 ryal
afzayS yaft.
=end=

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 12 Apr 1998 06:58:42 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: jameEe: IRI and Iranian in LA

This file was created by pfont to Gerdsooz Applet
to be able to read this file in Farsi, you have to
use gerdsooz for Windows or use the program at:
http://www.payvand.com/gerdsooz
=begin=

dr pyam tSkr az astqbal ayranyan mqym kalyfrnya
nJad Hsynyan: az Hqvq v Hrmt atbae ayran dfae myknm
grvh syasy
mHmdhady nJadHsynyan sfyr v nmayndh daim ayran dr sazman mll dr antSar pyamy
az astqbal ayranyan mqym kalyfrnya az vy v hyat hmrahS dr jryan sfr bh lvs
Anjls qdrdany krd.
bh gzarS ayrna, dr bKSy az pyam vy Amdh: aynjanb bh envan yky az Kdmtgzaran
mrdm dr nXam mqds jmhvry aslamy ayran bh Sma aTmynan mydhm bh shm Kvd az
aetlay ayran aslamy v Hmayt az Hrmt , Hqvq v ezt atbae ayran kh srlvHh syast
Karjy dvlt Aqay syd mHmd Katmy ryys jmhvr ast az hG kvSSy dryQ nKvahm krd.
v nKstn nmayndh ayran dr sazman mll bvd kh ps az 02 sal , hfth gZSth dr yk
dydar sh rvzh az kalyfrnya ba ayranyan mqym lsAnjls dydar v gftgv krd.
=end=

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 12 Apr 1998 07:02:50 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Afghanistan Blames Floods on Iran

Afghanistan Blames Floods on Iran

Sunday, April 12, 1998; 5:46 p.m. EDT

KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) -- Afghanistan's Taliban rulers blamed Iran on
Sunday for flooding in a southwestern province that threatens to
inundate the provincial capital.

Taliban officials said Iran closed the gates of a dam on its side of the
border, backing up the Helmand River on the Afghanistan's side of the
frontier and causing it to burst its banks.

International aid workers in southwestern Afghanistan confirmed that
Iran had closed the gates and said about 60 villages in the region had
already been flooded.

On Sunday, the rising river threatened to engulf parts of Zaranj, the
provincial capital of Nimroz, said Taliban officials in Kabul, several
hundred miles to the northeast.

There were no immediate reports of casualties.

The Taliban has called on the international community to condemn Iran,
calling the closing of the dam's gates ``an inhuman act''.

The Taliban army, which controls 85 percent of Afghanistan, has
repeatedly accused Tehran of supporting its northern based opposition.

The opposition largely represents Afghanistan's minorities, including
Shiite Muslims. Most Iranians are Shiite, whereas the Taliban are
largely Sunni Muslims.

Much of southwestern Afghanistan has been hit by flash flooding in
recent weeks. International aid agencies estimate that more than a
hundred people have been killed.

Copyright 1998 The Associated Press

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 12 Apr 1998 07:03:29 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran Students Back Arrested Mayor

Iran Students Back Arrested Mayor

By Afshin Valinejad Associated Press Writer Sunday, April 12, 1998; 5:02
p.m. EDT

TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- After days of mounting tension, Iranian President
Mohammad Khatami and his hard-line opponents have sought to settle their
dispute over the arrest of Tehran's mayor on corruption charges,
newspapers reported Sunday.

The move came as students called for a demonstration Tuesday at Tehran
University in support of Mayor Gholamhossein Karbaschi, a symbol of
Iran's reformers who was detained a week ago and awaits a trial that may
begin later this month.

The students declared the protest a show of support for Karbaschi and
the president, whose government has continued to recognize the mayor and
has said it would help him run the city of 8 million from behind bars.

``More than ever before, President Khatami needs people's support,'' the
student group, Unity Consolidation Bureau, said in a statement published
Sunday by the Salam newspaper.

The group urged Tehran residents and students to participate, drawing
criticism from hard-liners who warned that an angry demonstration could
worsen the tense atmosphere in the capital.

The government urged students to call off the planned demonstration,
Iranian television reported.

In a Cabinet session Sunday evening, the Iranian government stressed
that ``our society, more than anything else, needs tranquility and
composure,'' the TV report said.

Prosecutors say the mayor instructed some city council officials to
misappropriate public funds.

Moderates consider Karbaschi's arrest on April 4 part of an effort by
the hard-line judiciary to undermine the rule of Khatami, who was
elected by a landslide last May. The arrest brought to the surface
long-simmering tension within the ruling hierarchy over the course of
the country nearly 20 years after its Islamic revolution.

Government leaders from both factions searched for ways to resolve the
dispute Saturday evening and ``reached some sort of conclusion,'' the
Tehran Times newspaper reported Sunday. The newspaper said it was too
early to release details.

The meeting brought together Khatami and Hashemi Rafsanjani, a Khatami
ally and former president who heads a powerful body that helps set
government policy. They were joined by Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi, the
chief justice, and Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri, the parliament speaker whom
Khatami defeated in last year's election.

The results of Saturday's meeting were expected to be forwarded to
Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, a hard-liner who has the
final say on all matters in Iran.

As Tehran's mayor since 1989, Karbaschi has improved public services and
the appearance of the once-dreary capital. But his management style,
which some see as high-handed, has earned him many critics, particularly
among hard-liners.

Karbaschi's wife, Kheyrolnesa Asgarian, spoke briefly on behalf of her
husband Saturday for the first time.

``If I remain in custody forever, but the state is preserved, I will be
satisfied,'' she quoted the mayor as saying in a report carried Sunday
by the official Islamic Republic News Agency.

IRNA also quoted Karbaschi's lawyer, Bahman Keshavar, as saying that he
had not been allowed to see his client since his arrest.

Karbaschi said he was being treated well in detention, according to the
agency. In a later dispatch, it reported that a court had dismissed the
mayor's appeal for release.

Iranian officials have promised that Karbaschi's trial would be open and
fair, but no date has been set.

Copyright 1998 The Associated Press

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 12 Apr 1998 07:02:41 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran cabinet urges public not to march for mayor

Iran cabinet urges public not to march for mayor 03:34 p.m Apr 12, 1998
Eastern

TEHRAN, April 12 (Reuters) - The Iranian cabinet on Sunday called on
Iranians not to hold rallies or demonstrations in support of Tehran's
jailed Mayor Gholamhossein Karbaschi.

A cabinet statement carried by Iran's state-run television said the call
was in the interest of ``sustaining peace and tranquillity in the
society.''

``Considering the sensitivity of the issue and the situation of the
people, the problem would be resolved quickly,'' it said.

The statement said the cabinet, chaired by President Mohammad Khatami,
expressed its regret that despite the guidance of Iran's spiritual
leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to solve the issue, no proper action had
been taken.

Earlier on Sunday the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper reported that Interior
Minister Abdollah Nouri had issued a permit for students to hold a rally
in support of the mayor outside Tehran University on Tuesday.

Nouri also called for a referendum to resolve a row over Karbaschi and
announced the creation of a centre for his defence, the Iran Daily
newspaper reported.

``If the case of the mayor and the municipality is a national issue, why
is a poll not conducted to learn of the peoples' views? A referendum
must be held,'' the paper quoted Nouri as saying.

Nouri will also open the Interior Ministry's doors to the public to
visit the newly-created ``Centre for Karbaschi's Defence,'' which was
due to open on Sunday, the newspaper said.

The centre would highlight the mayor's works in the past eight years,
Nouri told the official news agency IRNA.

Nouri's moves were the latest signs of support for Karbaschi, a close
ally of President Mohammad Khatami, whose arrest has brought into the
open a clash between conservatives and moderates brewing since Khatami's
election last year.

Karbaschi is charged by the conservative-led judiciary with
embezzlement, misappropriation of funds and mismanagement.

Supporters of the mayor, who is considered a moderate, reject the
detention as politically motivated.

The judiciary denies this, pointing to the cases of several of
Karbaschi's top aides who have been convicted on similar charges.

But Nouri's actions also spawned criticism in the conservative press and
accusations that the minister was biased.

``Mr Nouri is performing the role of an activist in a political faction
rather than the role of interior minister,'' the hard-line Jomhuri
Eslami said in a commentary.

``The interior minister is expected to act more maturely. Instead, the
Interior Ministry has become the headquarters for causing tension in
society,'' the paper said.

The heads of Iran's three branches of government met on Saturday night
to discuss the issue of the mayor, the Tehran Times said, adding that
influential former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani was also present.

``These four officials reached some sort of conclusion,'' the paper
said, but without giving details.

Iran News said Karbaschi's wife had backed out of a planned news
conference on Saturday night, leading to speculation that the mayor had
not wanted to stir things up in case a deal was in the making.

``Since the heads of the three branches of power were meeting on the
issue last night and steps are said to be under way to free the mayor,
he did not want to escalate the crisis,'' it said.
^REUTERS@

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 12 Apr 1998 07:04:53 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran official urges Iran to lift oil output ability

Iran official urges Iran to lift oil output ability 03:55 p.m Apr 12,
1998 Eastern

TEHRAN, April 12 (Reuters) - Iran should increase its oil production
capacity to meet growing domestic demand and keep its share of the world
oil market, an Iranian oil official said in remarks carried by the state
news agency IRNA on Sunday.

``To have a share in meeting the world's gas and oil needs in the future
and to earn more foreign exchange revenues to spur growth in its
economy, Iran should boost its capacity,'' said Hojatollah Ghanimifard,
director of the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) for international
affairs.

``Considering growing domestic demand for energy and dependence of the
country's economy on oil exports, adoption of a policy aimed at
increasing the oil production capacity is a must,'' he said.

Ghanimifard, who was addressing a group of NIOC officials, said
production capacity could be increased by channelling more domestic
investment into the oil sector.

A senior Iranian oil official said last month that Iran, an OPEC member,
would increase its crude production to seven million barrels per day
(bpd) by 2015.

Iran's output in February was 3.782 million bpd, below its OPEC quota of
3.942 million bpd, according to reports by the local media.

Iran has opened up its oil and gas fields for development by foreign
firms under so-called ``buy-back'' contracts, in which the foreign
contractor's development costs are met by giving him part of the oil
produced from the field.

Analysts see foreign investment as vital if Iran is to keep its position
as the world's largest oil exporter after Saudi Arabia and Norway.

Ghanimifard said Iran should control growing domestic demand for oil and
oil derivatives, which are still among the cheapest in the world. He
said the low price of domestic fuel has led to waste and encouraged
smuggling to neighbouring countries.

Iranian officials have warned that crude exports could end before the
year 2020 if domestic demand was not checked. REUTERS

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 11 Apr 1998 to 12 Apr 1998 - Special issue
*******************************************************************