Date: Apr 14, 1998 [ 11: 16: 34]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Apr 1998 to 14 Apr 1998 - Special issue

From: Automatic digest processor


Return-Path: <owner-DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
Delivered-To: farhad@ALGONET.SE
Received: (qmail 8526 invoked from network); 14 Apr 1998 20:16:29 +0200
Received: from simorgh.gpg.com (205.158.6.22)
by bettan.algonet.se with SMTP; 14 Apr 1998 20:16:29 +0200
Received: from simorgh (simorgh [205.158.6.22])
by simorgh.gpg.com (8.8.6/8.8.6) with ESMTP id LAA04140;
Tue, 14 Apr 1998 11:16:34 -0700 (PDT)
Message-Id: <199804141816.LAA04140@simorgh.gpg.com>
Date: Tue, 14 Apr 1998 11:16:34 -0700
Reply-To: DNI news list <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
Sender: DNI news list <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
From: Automatic digest processor <D-N-I@D-N-I.ORG>
Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Apr 1998 to 14 Apr 1998 - Special issue
To: Recipients of DNI-NEWS digests <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>

There are 4 messages totalling 1217 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. protest-rally
2. Tuesday, April 14, 1998
3. IRAN-DAILY 11 APRIL
4. UN: Iran Tougher on Iraq Smuggling

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Tue, 14 Apr 1998 14:54:06 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: protest-rally

thr 021
protest-rally
demonstrators gather in front of tehran university
tehran, april 14, irna -- a crowd gathered in front of tehran
university early this afternoon and number of them are reportedly
marching towards the interior ministry.
police was reportedly warning the people against gathering in
front of the university.
the gathering came despite the appeal by the government asking the
people to refrain from any demonstrations in support of president
mohamad khatami which promoted daftar-e tahkim vahdat (office to
foster unity) to issue a statement monday evening postponing the
previously planned demonstration indefinitely.
the cabinet sunday night appealed to the organizers of the
demonstration and the people to refrain from such act which it said
is at the present juncture against interests of the country and the
nation.
jh/jh
end
::irna 14/04/98 14:49

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 14 Apr 1998 17:20:07 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: Tuesday, April 14, 1998

Media Reflections on Arrest and Detention of Tehran
Mayor

Source:
Iranian media
Tuesday,
April 14, 1998

Previous


Iran (April 14)
Tomorrow will be Late

As to the fall of civilizations, perhaps the most pivotal factor has been
the loss of ``capacity for unity'' and
``sources of national concord.''

People welcome administration of justice, but do not accept discrimination.
Public welcomes in other words
when the scent of justice is not combined with political bias it, otherwise
it incites ``public protest.''

Who is responsible for this crisis and how far does the circle extend? When
in the comments and in the
pre-agenda speeches political attacks are extended from one member of the
government to the head of the
government and a report on materialization of all the slogans is demanded
for a president who has been in
office for ``240 days'' naturally [it can be concluded] the pre-fabricated
crisis has its eyes on very dangerous
objectives and one should wait for an unclear morrow.

The Third World has always been filled with the crises and failures
resulting from lack of prudence and lack of
capacity of the political forces.

Right now the umbrella of political obstinacy and power mongering political
attacks is expanding to the size of
a big country such as Islamic Iran. Who is responsible for this? When a
faction considers itself to be the
honest, responsible, loyal and steadfast force of the revolution and the
guardianship of the faqih and free from
any mistake and corruption naturally it imagines the only way for saving the
revolution is sacrificing the other
forces -- and of course the founders of May 23.

But is the great Iranian nation going to remain silent before such acts in
an irresponsible way? The Iranian
nation has always proved its wonderful political and social capacity for
safeguarding the precious legacy of the
great Khomeini and it shall act in a responsible way with regards to leaving
its destiny in a course which will
lead to nowhere.

The Khatami government is the symbol and true architect of the
newly-established religious civil society in the
world. Weakening of this government in whatever form and with whatever
intention only pictures another
``move with a bad end.'' UP


Iran (April 14)
Any Other News?

* A cleric by the name of Hojj. Eskandari in a speech made at the Ansar ul
Hossein Mosque in Shahrak Shahid
Mahalati (satellite town) on Sunday about the arrest of the Tehran mayor
said: "Mr. Nouri (the Interior
Minister) is conspiring against the guardianship and has established a
National Hero Committee at the Interior
Ministry."

He also said: "I am prepared to wear a burial shroud and to defend the
guardianship outside Tehran University
on Tuesday."

* Ibrahim Yazdi in an interview with the BBC claimed the judiciary has been
acting with bias and politically in
connection with the municipality case.

"When the judiciary chief likens the statements by he tortured mayors to
dirges this shows the judiciary is
acting in a political way..."

He also said: "In the present confrontation no side will be able to drive
the other side out of the scene. In other
words the survival of one depends on the other."

* A group with the name of "Hizbollah of Isfahan" in a statement condemned
the remarks by the
representative of the Valiye Faqih and Friday prayers leader of Isfahan in
support of the Tehran mayor.
UP


Hamshahri (April 14)
Public-Student Assembly in Support of Khatami Postponed

Following the announcement by the government about society's need for calm
and avoidance of violence and
the call on all groups and associations not to stage any demonstration and
march in connection with the recent
political affairs, the Union of the Islamic Societies of Students (Unity
Consolidation Office) in a statement had
called on the people and students to take part in a meeting named "People's
Unity, Strength of Khatami"
outside Tehran University today postponed the meeting until further notice.

In a statement issued the office said: "As it was stated in the previous
statement the Islamic societies of
students of Tehran universities believe the faction opposed to the
government is determined to try its analysis
and plan for overthrow of the government. Accordingly, we have been
witnessing increased efforts of that
faction in the recent weeks.

"Today's meeting is postponed until further notice. The office expects the
honorable government and the
president not to deprive themselves of the people's support in any
conditions." A free student tribune is going
to be held at the Technical Faculty of University at 1:30 pm today (Tuesday)
to review the Tehran
economic and political obstacles faced by Mr. Khatami's government, the
performance of the judiciary and the
investigation into the Tehran Municipality case.
UP


Hamshahri (April 14)
DAY'S NOTE
Hindering Leader's Guidance, Government's Efforts

The outcome of the cabinet meeting two nights ago, which was chaired by
Hojj. Khatami, the President,
announced officially illustrates some bitter facts.

The official expression of regret that "So far no suitable approach has been
made to the measure by the
esteemed Leader for escalation of the problem of the Tehran Municipality
case," indicates some groups and
individuals have hindered the esteemed Leader's measure and expediency.

In the recent years there have been some falcons and political currents
which have said the basis of their
presence has been the love for guardianships. They have been presenting
themselves as the exclusive
supporters of the guardianship of the faqih.

The group went to such an extreme before the May 23 election that the
outcome of their move would have led
to putting the majority of the Muslim nation which loves the guardianship
against that fundamental institution
of the Islamic revolution.

Now it should be asked who and which groups are trying to keep the esteemed
Leader's instruction for
settlement of the Tehran Municipality question in suspension.

What forces are the pressure and hindering group relying on that they can
frustrate the outcome of the meeting
of four of the strong men in the country?

Which forces are trying - and at the same time are able - to make the vital
meeting of the heads of the three
branches of power end without any specific achievement.

The second point in the statement by the cabinet has been the reference to
the necessity of safeguarding calm
and avoiding provocative meetings and marches. This shows the government and
in general the faction ruling
the executive agency are the "strategic winner" in the present equation of
the country.
UP


Hamshahri (April 14)
Those Detaining Tehran Mayor Are Indirectly Attacking Mr. Hashemi Rafsanjani


"The transfer of the capital from Tehran would have cost more than Rls
30,000 bn, but Mr. Karbaschi without
using the government budget and only with one third of that amount (Rls
10,000 bn) developed Tehran," said
Hojj. Abdullah Nouri, the interior minister, in the opening ceremony of
"Today's Tehran" Exhibition at the
Interior Ministry building yesterday afternoon. "Unfortunately we tend to
foraged the past."

Hojj. Assadollah Bayat, a member of the Central Council of the Militant
Clerics League (MRM), Faezeh
Hashemi, MP for Tehran, a number of governors general, a large number of
urban managers and a group of
people attended the ceremony.

Hojj. Bayat in a speech said: "Mr. Karbaschi showed Islam can eliminate the
gap between the south and the
north of the city." He said the charges of embezzlement against Mr.
Karbaschi were unfortunate and added:
"My personal impression, as someone who served as the chairman of the
Judiciary Committee of the Majlis, is
that he is innocent of such charges."

He said: "I consider it necessary to state resolutely that at the meeting of
the head of the three branches of
power and Mr. Hashemi in the presence of the Leader His Eminence said: `I
was and am opposed to the
detention of Mr. Karbaschi.'

"When it is our turn the gentlemen say we must melt (in the guardianship).
But when it is their turn they act
like that."

Addressing the judiciary, he said: "With such moves you have undermined the
security of management. You
have called the Islamic management into question.

"With such step you are confronting Mr. Khatami and the voters, but you
ought to know God helps the
people."

He added: "I consider Mr. Karbaschi's future to be bright. I hope he will
come out honorably and will resume
his responsibility.

"With this step they have indirectly attacked Mr. Hashemi Rafsanjani (and
the era of construction). We expect
Mr. Hashemi to arrive at a specific prudent proposal by considering the
expediency. And we shall defend it
from the outside."
UP


Hamshahri (April 14)
It Is Said...

* After the first meeting of the heads of the three branches and the
Expediency Discernment Council chairman
it was heard in many circles that the mayor would be freed on Sunday.
Circles supporting the President have
considered the mayor's not being freed to be the disregard of the wishes of
the heads of the three branches.

It is also said the President, the Majlis Speaker and the EDC chairman have
expressed surprise at the remarks
by the head of the Special Judiciary Complex that it is impossible to free
the mayor before the end of his
temporary detention.

* Various groups of people calling Hamshahri said they wanted to put flowers
at some of the squares in
Tehran as a sign of appreciation for the efforts by the municipality.

* It is said out of respect for the views of the government, the interior
minister has stopped all the programs he
had prepared to defend the mayor and explain his innocence and the injustice
done to him.
UP


Iran Daily (April 14)
PERSPECTIVE
Damage Control
by: KHODADAD MOHAMMADI

Developments following the temporary detention of Tehran mayor indicate a
lessening of the magnitude of the
crisis in the higher echelons of power. At the same time, new voices and
views are emerging among the public
in general and students in particular.

The meeting convened to review the case of Gholam Hussein Karbaschi, called
for by the Leader of the Islamic
Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei and attended by the three heads of
the government branches, as
well as the chairman of the State Expediency Council, was highly commended
by various political factions.
Consequent to the leader's intervention, the case that had the potential to
create a rare national political crisis,
seems to be on its way out.

Under conditions of massive economic problems plus the burden of falling oil
prices with which the Khatami
administration is saddled, political conflict, particularly with regard to
the Tehran Municipality, is neither
affordable nor acceptable.

Fortunately, this awareness has inspired high-ranking religious and
political circles in Qom, Tehran, Isfahan,...
to explicitly warn all groups involved about the undesirable consequences of
their actions, namely weakening
of the Khatami administration.

However, some segments of the society including students have not yet heard
the message. Some student
groups still want to hold a rally under the motto of `Popular Unity --
Strength of Khatami' and have been
critical of the judiciary's attitude in the Karbaschi case. The rally is to
demand his immediate release.

Another important issue, the roots of the current economic crisis, which is
not fully within the government
domain and has a lot to do with the bazaar, is also expected to be raised in
similar gatherings in the future.

The question is will the magnitude of this dilemma, which has a strong
political gloss and is yet coincident with
the ongoing economic crisis, be controlled? Will the Khatami administration
quiet the storm?

One view is that the popular support for the government is such that any
measures taken against the Khatami
administration will provoke severe public resentment. To prevent this and
other unwanted developments, high
ranking officials in the coming days will and should be preoccupied with
damage control.
UP


Jomhuri Islami (April 14)
For Information

* The illegal Freedom Movement grouplet issued a statement announcing that
detention of Mr. Karbaschi was
a part of the right wing's offensive against the government of Mr. Khatami.
The grouplet also deemed
``financial and administrative offenses'' necessary for the management style
of Mr. Karbaschi and called for
replacement of the Judiciary chief while considering the case to be
political.

It added: ``The press, parties and patriotic and Islamic groups must support
the government of Mr. Khatami
and force another defeat on the right wing.''

The grouplet's statement shows that it deems continued tension and conflict
among the revolutionary forces to
its own benefit.

* The government action to provide a report on its meeting in written form
on Sunday night has given the
impression that the government was dissatisfied with the stand of its
spokesman last week. It is said that the
government members objected to formulation of government stands on the
detention on Sunday.
UP


Jomhuri Islami (April 14)
Final Arbiter

Fortunately the government managed admirably to block the way to
tension-creating actions. That action of
government was an important help toward a final solution of the Tehran
Municipality case.

The truth is that the issue is not among the important issues of the people.
The people are grappling with
problems noting and solving of which are among the system's and the
government's important tasks.

Unfortunately, the case that could have been an ordinary case of the
Judiciary has left its natural course.
Stirring the issue by political factions is politically motivated. There is
not doubt that both factions are right to
state that the other side is trying to politicize the matter. The truth is
that a political approach to the case has
benefits for each of the political factions and harms for the system. The
greater truth is that there will not be a
winner to the quarrel. All will be losers and the greatest harm will be done
to the IRI. We must admit that
enemies of the revolution and opponents of the IRI will be the winners.

It is not late yet. If we believe in the testament of Imam Khomeini who said
the protecting of the IRI is the
most important thing, the effort to solve the problem must be increased.

The government announcement that the society needs calm is a good beginning.
If heads of the powers manage
to solve the problem that would be the most desirable thing. But if those
leaders do not manage to be
successful, the best thing would seem to be for the revolution Leader to
enter the scene personally. At that
stage, the Leader's decision would be the final one.
UP


Jomhuri Islami (April 14)
EDITORIAL
The Basket that Enemy Has Prepared

The final statement of the government on the current issues contained
several important points indicating the
intelligence and tolerance of the statesmen and it is admirable for that
reason.

The eloquent statement contained the very stands the people expected from
their elected statesmen. Naturally,
the people would expect the judicial authorities to take a responsible
attitude to the issue and take effective
steps for solving the problem so that the society would not feel some kind
of "time-killing" is under way and
the Leader's instructions would not remain unheeded.

The government statement would make heavier the responsibility of the
Judiciary. Nobody must abuse the
legal levers and there should not be any factional attitude or possible
political settlement of scores.

Let's wish the government had taken action earlier as it did and those
initial provocative statements would not
have been made in the name of the government. Today, everybody is waiting to
see the reasonable attitude of
the Judiciary. Let's wish they would move in the framework of national
interests so that the enemy's basket
would remain empty.
UP


Salaam (April 14)
POINT
"Wronged" Becomes "Infallible"

I will not forget when the late Dr. (Ali) Shariati commented before the
revolution about the oppressive attack
on him at the Husseiniyeh Ershad: "You are doing the greatest wrong to the
society because the people's
reaction to you would prevent them from noting my faults and the society
would accept me without any
contemplation. That is the greatest wrong and ultimately the wronged would
become infallible."

The same story has been repeated regarding the arrest of Mr. Karbaschi. Is
he infallible? Surely not. Is he
wronged? Surely yes. Mr. Yazdi! To make an ordinary person a hero is to
wrong the society.

Mr. Mohseni! The health of the Judiciary has been defaced in the public
opinion. Whatever the trial's outcome,
it would benefit Mr. Karbaschi. That is the greatest "wrong" to the
leadership, the society, the Judiciary and
even Karbaschi. Free Karbaschi fast not to make the wronged an infallible.
UP


Farda (April 14)
EDITORIAL
Law Abiding in Practice

It is hoped that the case of Tehran mayor would be directed toward
enforcement of law and justice. The recent
stand of the government (the results of which should be noted in the
behavior of government agencies, in
particular the Interior Ministry) is positive, calming and law-governed.

If the people feel that the government has adopted law-abiding in practice
not in slogan and does not support
an offender for his affiliation to the government or his services, their
trust in the government would be
enhanced.

We must try to raise the tolerance of the society for enforcement of law and
justice. The government's call for
calm is a proper exercise for creating social capacity.
UP


Farda April 14)
POLITICAL NOTE
A Word with Interior Minister

Being outspoken and an approach from a higher position (more than an
interior minister) are your
characteristics. Therefore, we believe you would welcome being frank as
expected from a daily.

There are points in your statements, a scrutiny of which may help correct
them.

1. You referred to the report of Messrs Shushtari and Marvi on the Tehran
Municipality case (which was
prepared long before detention of Mr. Karbaschi), stating: If those reports
showed that things had been done
based on the law and principles, we would accept it.

That is a rightful stand.

2. You said that detention of a government member was unprecedented after
the revolution, that you did not
know any case of its recurring in other countries.

Members of the government are the ministers. There is no law to make the
Tehran mayor a government
member.

Second, we are claiming to found a new system and civilization. To say that
it is unprecedented after the
revolution would mean that some statesmen had been accused of embezzlement,
but had not been dealt with.
The people would, in that case, expect the interior minister to disclose
that important news.

3. You said that the interior minister and the government should have been
notified before the detention.

First, Mr. Yazdi had announced in the meeting of three heads of powers late
last [Iranian] year that Mr.
Karbaschi would be detained.

Second, what law is your imperative based on. Under Article 140 of the
Constitution, only examination of
charges against the President, his deputies and the minister would be
undertaken upon notifying the Majlis.

Third, the people are equal before the law.

4. "Is it wrong to conduct an opinion poll among the people on Mr.
Karbaschi's base?"

This is a totally new procedure for examining a judicial case. Will you
answer if there has been any precedence
before the revolution or in any country?

"Any disruption in the affairs of Municipality is not our doing." Under the
law, the interior minister is the
substitute for the town council. One task of that council is to appoint or
dismiss mayors. Therefore, no other
authority other than the Interior Ministry is responsible.

It seems that the statement is some kind of shunning of responsibility or an
implicit threat... -Mehdi Fazayeli
UP


Kar va Kargar (April 14)
Read the Unread

Karbaschi will be freed today or tomorrow:

The narrator arrived with an unread report late last night. On the basis of
what he has heard the detention of
the mayor is going to be revoked today or tomorrow and that the case will be
followed in its previous manner.

* The graffiti appearing at Dr. Fatemi, Saadatabad, Hejab, Baqer Khan
streets and in Enqelab Square area [near
Tehran University] read: "Karbaschi is man of action", "National Champion,
Karbaschi", "Don't Forget May
23!", "Rls 1,230 bn?!" and "Iran's Amir Kabir."...
UP


Tehran Times (April 14)
Karbaschi's Detention Once Again Featured Before Leader

The detention of Tehran mayor was once again featured before the Leader
Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei
Sunday evening, an informed source said yesterday.

He said the Leader again received the heads of the three branches of the
government in his office. Expediency
Council Head Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani was also present at the meeting.

President Khatami, Judiciary Head Yazdi and Majlis Speaker Nateq Nouri along
with Rafsanjani met on
Saturday to discuss the detention of Mayor Gholam Hussein Karbaschi.

"The issue of release or not release of Karbaschi from the temporary
detention is on the table for discussion by
the four top officials of the Islamic Republic," the same source said.

President Khatami strongly advocated the release of the mayor in Saturday's
meeting. Yazdi opposed and
argued by saying, "The concerned judge has already turned down the appeal
for his release."

After a lengthy discussion Yazdi suggested that none but the Leader, after
using his constitutional authority
can issue order for Karbaschi's release.

"For that", said he, "both Mr. Khatami and Mr. Yazdi or one of them should
write a request to the Leader for
revoking the detention order."

Another source said that Sunday's Cabinet meeting was not trouble free for
some of its members. The role of
G-6 was the topic of a heated debate in the Cabinet meeting, he said.

"There is a difference of opinion on the way the technocrats faction or the
G-6 is presenting their case before
the media," he said, adding that some ministers raised objection to "the G-6
members talking in such a way as
they were speaking for the entire Cabinet whereas the fact is otherwise."

He also said that President Khatami has voiced his displeasure over the way
the government Spokesman Seyed
Ataollah Mohajerani and Interior Minister Abdullah Nouri have behaved during
the recent crisis.

"Mr. Khatami mildly criticized Mr. Mohajerani and Mr. Nouri for their
blatant statements in favor of Mr.
Karbaschi," he concluded.
UP


Tehran Times (April 14)
Cabinet Decision Disallowing Controversial Rally Welcome

The Cabinet of President Seyed Mohammed Khatami Sunday sought to defuse the
crisis sparked by the arrest
of the Tehran mayor, a move welcomed by all who listen to the dictates of
reason.

Unlike the decision made public on April 4, the Cabinet of President Khatami
on Sunday evening adopted a
sober style and appealed to the residents of Tehran not to hold rallies or
demonstrations in support of jailed
Mayor Gholam Hussein Karbaschi.

Many, including President Khatami, do not appreciate the way Government
Spokesman Ataollah Mohajerani
makes hue and cry of the Cabinet's dissent to the arrest of the mayor.

Many of the unconstitutional stances and the attitude of the Interior
Minister Abdullah Nouri have voiced
abhorrence. They expect the minister, as a member of the Cabinet, to have
adopted an impartial move while
nation faces a serious crisis.

Be that as it is, the question that is now being asked is: What is
Mohajerani, Nouri, and their supporters in the
press, Majlis, or elsewhere up to in discussing issues so rudely? Are they
fighting for the good of the nation or
for social justice? Definitely not.

Whether they have realized it or not, they should stomach the idea that the
right to free speech in defense of
differences of opinion must have a bottom line. They should be reminded that
in all likelihood only the enemy
will have something to celebrate if they cross the limit with respect to
expressing their differences of opinion.

The idea of a planned rally was doubtful from the very moment it was
planned. Announcing it was a second
blunder. Issuance of the permit the third and the final one. Although some
of the students who had invited the
people to take part in these demonstrations have good intentions, their
goodwill can not be duly and properly
reflected in such gatherings.

Now is the time for them and others to think that during and after the May
23 presidential election, slogans of
the most attractive kind have flourished in Iran's fertile political
grounds, slogans such as `civil society' and the
`rule of law.'

What has happened to these slogans? Have they done anything to further the
cause of social justice? Is the
mayor more important than the prestige and reputation of the Islamic
Judiciary? Why have they ignored the
stability of the nation to the extent that the Leader has had to intervene?
Reason should have asked them to
have the patience to wait for the outcome.

The national consensus is therefore right in expecting that President
Khatami, known for his rational decisions,
should restrain his colleagues and supporters and adopt safeguards whereby
crises of this nature may not again
surface in the country's political horizon.

These realities could create problems that, if allowed to continue, could
hurt the popularity of President
Khatami. The Cabinet decision disallowing the controversial rally, however,
is a welcome move.

We should hope that the peace and security of the society will be duly
preserved and the case of Tehran
mayor will take its due course and all existing problems will be settled in
the best interest of the Islamic system
in view of the understanding which has reached between the heads of all
three branches of the government.
UP


Resalat (April 14)
By Avoiding Tension Enforcement of Law and Materialization of Justice Should
be Assisted

Habibollah Asgarowladi, the secretary general of the Islamic Moutalefeh
Group, after a meeting of the Central
Council of the group about the topics discussed said: "They included the
trial of the Tehran Municipality
officials."

On the reason for silence of some of the political personalities and groups,
he said: "We believe this case is a
purely legal one and intervention of political personalities, groups and
formations will not help the resolution
of the issue and will only make it more complicated. Making such cases
political will prepare ground for
misuses by foreign enemies.

"The municipality case must definitely not be considered an exceptional
one."

On holding meetings and staging political demonstrations, he said: "For
groups and formations which believe in
the system since such moves are disruption in the quiet trend of proceedings
and put the independence of the
judge under pressure, they seem to be an offense. If they take place with
the purpose of influencing the judge it
is a political mistake. If they have anything legal they should present it
to help the judge."

He said: "The remarks (by the government spokesman) were suggesting an
emotional, personal and sectarian
approach.

"At the meeting accusing the judiciary of torture without presenting any
evidence was seriously criticized as it
has provided the enemy with a weapon.

"If there is any evidence of violations in other agencies they should be
presented."

"The stand of the interior minister was criticized.

"The sagacious stand of the dear Leader of the Islamic revolution and the
advice to the heads of the branches of
power to observe the law and justice should be paid attention to by all."
UP


In Brief (April 14)

* The Private Reporter learned that the likelihood of the freedom of Gholam
Hussein Karbaschi has increased
as a result of the intervention of the Leader. According to (his) report
President Khatami met Ayatollah
Khamenei last evening and requested His Eminence to use his powers and issue
the order for freedom the
Tehran mayor. - Jameah

* Contrary to its imagination, the hard-line faction is now on the threshold
of political suicide and if the
farsighted and more aware elements of the faction fail to take the
initiative from the "overwrought" individuals
of the group it is probable that the current will be completely eliminated
in the political future of Iran. (With
Editor's Responsibility) - Jameah
UP


Kayhan (April 14)
POINT
A Reflection of Two Claims
by: MOHAMMED JAFAR BEHDAD

"Forget the dossier of Tehran Municipality offenses." That demand of a group
of political tendencies is made
under two pretexts. One group says the investigation is political not
judicial. The second believes the measure
is intended to weaken the government.

The reasoning of the first group is flawed if the dossiers leading to
rulings are considered.

The reason of the second group is also worthy of attention. Because the
offenses are directed at the line of
thought of former statement who believed in "indifference for some of the
regulations to perform great
development and service projects." Thus, the Judiciary which failed to take
timely action under the previous
government and created the illusion, is expected to adopt a proper course to
compensate.
UP


Kayhan (April 14)
TODAY'S NOTE
Judicial Examination or Political Settlement
by: Hossein Saffar Harandi

The government's emphasis on calm and patience was a good attitude for which
the Executive should be
thanked. Even though the nervous and uncalculated attitudes of some of the
officials and press in calling on the
people to line up and organize expedition should be complained against.

In the view of this group of people, any course adopted for the case should
imply the outcome that the
detention order should be revoked immediately and examination of the case
should be stopped unconditionally.
That is in conflict with the most basic legal principles and would surprise
the people. The public conscience
would not consent a judicial case to be close under pressure. Even if
the case is due to be settled politically in the course of the Executive and
the Judiciary there should be a proper
answer for the public opinion as to whether the lost and wasted interests of
the people would have been
retrieved.

The immature and baseless proposals of certain politicians and press people
regarding the enforcement of the
above procedure would not bring any benefits for the government and the
system in the short run. Only an
improper tradition would be institutionalized in our history and it may not
even be possible to investigate the
high ranking officials by judicial means. That would mean a recognition of
the gap between the people and the
officials.
UP


Kayhan (April 14)
Film
TETE-A-TETE

- One film director said he would not make any films until the mayor is
released.
- His statement is a film itself!
- He means he would not make a motion picture.
- Let it not be a secret that his stand was quite necessary to guide the
people!
- How come?
- In the old days, a king announced that his future son-in-law had to be a
handsome, well-built, educated
person and of high social ranking. After a few days, an ugly, weak and
illiterate person went to the palace. The
guard looked at him and said: But, you do not qualify! He answered
Incidentally that is why I came. I came to
tell the king not to count on me at all!!
UP

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 14 Apr 1998 17:43:50 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: IRAN-DAILY 11 APRIL

> THIS MESSAGE IS IN MIME FORMAT. Since your mail reader does not understand
this format, some or all of this message may not be legible.

--MS_Mac_OE_2975420631_1697509_MIME_Part
Content-type: text/plain; charset="ISO-8859-1"
Content-transfer-encoding: 7bit


The human rights group Human Rights Watch on Tuesday called on
Iran to hold a fair and public trial for Tehran's mayor, Gholamhussein
Karbaschi, who has been arrested on corruption charges, AFP report-ed.
"We fear that the decision to arrest and prosecute Karbaschi may be a
politically motivated act," Hanny Megally, director of the group's Middle
East and north Africa division, said in a letter to the head of Iran's
judicia-ry.
Karbaschi, 44, was picked up Saturday in connection with a corruption
scandal in his municipality, an affair which has already led to the
convic-tion
of more than a dozen of his aides. He is accused of 'embezzlement and
diverting public funds'. The letter asks for assurances "that the trial will
be
open to the public and will comply with the safeguards established in
inter-national
law for a fair trial." Karbaschi has described the charges as politi-cally
motivated. The issue has polarized the Islamic regime, with moder-ates
accusing their conservative opponents of seeking to destabilize
President Mohammad Khatami's Administration.

The Satanic Verses, the book which prompted Iran to impose a death
sentence on British author, Salman Rushdie over its alleged insults to
Islam, is to be published worldwide in paperback, it was reported
Wednesday. The book sold more than 250,000 copies since it was published
in paperback nine years ago, but its hardback publishers Viking-Penguin
relinquished their rights to it in 1992 after a series of bomb attacks by
Islamic extremists on the company's premises and bookshops around the
world. The Guardian said the new paperbacks would be released by
Vintage, an offshoot of Random House. Rushdie, quoted in the paper, said
a paperback version had been available in Canada and the United States
since last year, and "while this is, of course, a satisfying final step,
it's real-ly
scarcely more than a reprint." The author has been in hiding since the late
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a Fatwa on the author's life in Iran in
February 1989. He later backed up the decree with a $1.6m bounty. 'The
Satanic Verses' was banned in India, where Rushdie was born a Muslim in
1947, and was the focal point of a number of riots by Muslims during the
1980s in Britain and around the world.

The death sentence against Iranian journalist, Morteza Firoozi has
been revoked, following pressure by President Mohammad Khatami,
an informed source said Tuesday. The source said Firoozi called his
colleagues at the Iran News newspaper office on Monday and told them of
the decision, according to DPA. Firoozi, former chief-editor of the
English-language daily, was earlier this year sentenced to death on charges
of espi-onage
for France, Japan and South Korea. He was convicted of providing
the three countries with political, economic and military information in
return for $175,000. A number of international organizations had called on
Khatami to intercede on behalf of Firoozi, who was arrested last June.
Firoozi was a part of the presidential campaign team of conservative
speak-er,
Ali Akbar Nateq Nouri, who lost to Khatami in the May 1997 elections.

Iranian forces fired anti-tank rockets at a camp belonging to the country's
main armed opposition group inside Iraqi territory, but the group report-ed
Tuesday that it had not incurred any casualties. The Mujahedeen
Khalq Organization (MKO) said that the attack took place on Monday near
the Iraqi town of Kut, some 60 kilometers (35 miles) from the Iranian
bor-der.
The assailants fled, abandoning two rocket launchers, AFP reported.
The report came on the final day of a six-day operation supervised by the
international committee of the Red Cross in which Tehran and Baghdad,
which fought a war between 1980-88, exchanged more than 5,900 prison-ers.
Their support for each other's opposition groups serves as a key obsta-cle
to the normalization of ties between the two countries, which have yet
to sign a peace treaty.

Iran, with Russian help, will soon pass a critical milestone in developing
an engine for a medium-range missile capable of reaching Israel, the
Jerusalem Post reported Wednesday. Quoting senior Israeli sources, the
newspaper said US and Israeli intelligence agencies agreed that Iran could
complete the development of the engine for its Shahab 3 missile in the near
future and test fire a prototype of the weapon by late next year. "If
nothing
happens, Iran will be able to test launch its missile towards the end of
1999.
The Americans agree and some say it could even be within 15 months," a
senior Israeli official told the newspaper. Robert Gallucci, the new US
envoy to Russia for the missile issue, met with Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu and Defense Minister Yitzhak Mordechai Tuesday to discuss
the Iranian weapons programs, officials said. Israel has been using its
friends in the US congress to press for sanctions against Russian companies
participating in Iran's missile program. The Shahab 3 will reportedly have
a range of 1,300 kilometers with a payload of 700 kilograms -- capable of
carrying conventional or non-conventional warheads as far as Israel. The
Jerusalem Post quoted Israeli intelligence sources as saying their main fear
is that an Iranian missile would embolden Tehran's allies like Syria or
Islamic fundamentalist groups to launch attacks on Israel.

German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel said on Wednesday that Bonn
had failed to secure a pardon for a German businessman condemned
to death in Iran for having sexual relations out of wedlock with a
Muslim woman. But Kinkel told Berlin Radio Station Hundert 6 that he had
not given up hope of being able to save Helmut Hofer, 56, whose release
would signal an improvement in ties with Tehran. Diplomatic efforts to
release him would continue. Iranian foreign ministry officials say they
can-not
help because they must respect the sentence passed by Iranian justice
authorities, Kinkel said. "A solution has not yet been reached, but we must
not give up hope," Kinkel said in an interview. "I am confident a solution
can be found which will not damage attempts to improve relations with
Iran". Hofer, who is from the German city of Hamburg, appealed against
the judgment brought against him at the end of January. The outcome was
still unclear. Kinkel has since indicated that Bonn felt it was time for a
cau-tious
resumption of ties with the Islamic Republic, but he has also suggest-ed
that ties could worsen considerably if Tehran goes ahead with Hofer's
death sentence.

--MS_Mac_OE_2975420631_1697509_MIME_Part
Content-type: text/html; charset="ISO-8859-1"
Content-transfer-encoding: quoted-printable

<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE>IRAN-DAILY 11 APRIL</TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY BGCOLOR=3D"#FFFFFF">
<FONT SIZE=3D"4"><B><BR>
</B>The human rights group Human Rights Watch on Tuesday called on<BR>
Iran to hold a fair and public trial for Tehran's mayor, Gholamhussein<BR>
Karbaschi, who has been arrested on corruption charges, AFP report-ed.<BR>
"We fear that the decision to arrest and prosecute Karbaschi may be a<=
BR>
politically motivated act," Hanny Megally, director of the group's Mid=
dle<BR>
East and north Africa division, said in a letter to the head of Iran's judi=
cia-ry.<BR>
Karbaschi, 44, was picked up Saturday in connection with a corruption<BR>
scandal in his municipality, an affair which has already led to the convic-=
tion<BR>
of more than a dozen of his aides. He is accused of 'embezzlement and<BR>
diverting public funds'. The letter asks for assurances "that the tria=
l will be<BR>
open to the public and will comply with the safeguards established in inter=
-national<BR>
law for a fair trial." Karbaschi has described the charges as politi-c=
ally<BR>
motivated. The issue has polarized the Islamic regime, with moder-ates<BR>
accusing their conservative opponents of seeking to destabilize<BR>
President Mohammad Khatami's Administration.<BR>
<BR>
The Satanic Verses, the book which prompted Iran to impose a death<BR>
sentence on British author, Salman Rushdie over its alleged insults to<BR>
Islam, is to be published worldwide in paperback, it was reported<BR>
Wednesday. The book sold more than 250,000 copies since it was published<BR=
>
in paperback nine years ago, but its hardback publishers Viking-Penguin<BR>
relinquished their rights to it in 1992 after a series of bomb attacks by<B=
R>
Islamic extremists on the company's premises and bookshops around the<BR>
world. The Guardian said the new paperbacks would be released by<BR>
Vintage, an offshoot of Random House. Rushdie, quoted in the paper, said<BR=
>
a paperback version had been available in Canada and the United States<BR>
since last year, and "while this is, of course, a satisfying final ste=
p, it's real-ly<BR>
scarcely more than a reprint." The author has been in hiding since the=
late<BR>
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a Fatwa on the author's life in Iran in<=
BR>
February 1989. He later backed up the decree with a $1.6m bounty. 'The<BR>
Satanic Verses' was banned in India, where Rushdie was born a Muslim in<BR>
1947, and was the focal point of a number of riots by Muslims during the<BR=
>
1980s in Britain and around the world.<BR>
<BR>
The death sentence against Iranian journalist, Morteza Firoozi has<BR>
been revoked, following pressure by President Mohammad Khatami,<BR>
an informed source said Tuesday. The source said Firoozi called his<BR>
colleagues at the Iran News newspaper office on Monday and told them of<BR>
the decision, according to DPA. Firoozi, former chief-editor of the English=
-language daily, was earlier this year sentenced to death on charges of espi=
-onage<BR>
for France, Japan and South Korea. He was convicted of providing<BR>
the three countries with political, economic and military information in<BR=
>
return for $175,000. A number of international organizations had called on<=
BR>
Khatami to intercede on behalf of Firoozi, who was arrested last June.<BR>
Firoozi was a part of the presidential campaign team of conservative speak-=
er,<BR>
Ali Akbar Nateq Nouri, who lost to Khatami in the May 1997 elections.<BR>
<BR>
Iranian forces fired anti-tank rockets at a camp belonging to the country's=
<BR>
main armed opposition group inside Iraqi territory, but the group report-ed=
<BR>
Tuesday that it had not incurred any casualties. The Mujahedeen<BR>
Khalq Organization (MKO) said that the attack took place on Monday near<BR>
the Iraqi town of Kut, some 60 kilometers (35 miles) from the Iranian bor-d=
er.<BR>
The assailants fled, abandoning two rocket launchers, AFP reported.<BR>
The report came on the final day of a six-day operation supervised by the<B=
R>
international committee of the Red Cross in which Tehran and Baghdad,<BR>
which fought a war between 1980-88, exchanged more than 5,900 prison-ers.<B=
R>
Their support for each other's opposition groups serves as a key obsta-cle<=
BR>
to the normalization of ties between the two countries, which have yet<BR>
to sign a peace treaty.<BR>
<BR>
Iran, with Russian help, will soon pass a critical milestone in developing<=
BR>
an engine for a medium-range missile capable of reaching Israel, the<BR>
Jerusalem Post reported Wednesday. Quoting senior Israeli sources, the<BR>
newspaper said US and Israeli intelligence agencies agreed that Iran could<=
BR>
complete the development of the engine for its Shahab 3 missile in the near=
<BR>
future and test fire a prototype of the weapon by late next year. "If =
nothing<BR>
happens, Iran will be able to test launch its missile towards the end of 19=
99.<BR>
The Americans agree and some say it could even be within 15 months," a=
<BR>
senior Israeli official told the newspaper. Robert Gallucci, the new US<BR>
envoy to Russia for the missile issue, met with Prime Minister Benjamin<BR>
Netanyahu and Defense Minister Yitzhak Mordechai Tuesday to discuss<BR>
the Iranian weapons programs, officials said. Israel has been using its<BR>
friends in the US congress to press for sanctions against Russian companies=
<BR>
participating in Iran's missile program. The Shahab 3 will reportedly have<=
BR>
a range of 1,300 kilometers with a payload of 700 kilograms -- capable of<B=
R>
carrying conventional or non-conventional warheads as far as Israel. The<BR=
>
Jerusalem Post quoted Israeli intelligence sources as saying their main fea=
r<BR>
is that an Iranian missile would embolden Tehran's allies like Syria or<BR>
Islamic fundamentalist groups to launch attacks on Israel.<BR>
<BR>
German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel said on Wednesday that Bonn<BR>
had failed to secure a pardon for a German businessman condemned<BR>
to death in Iran for having sexual relations out of wedlock with a<BR>
Muslim woman. But Kinkel told Berlin Radio Station Hundert 6 that he had<BR=
>
not given up hope of being able to save Helmut Hofer, 56, whose release<BR>
would signal an improvement in ties with Tehran. Diplomatic efforts to<BR>
release him would continue. Iranian foreign ministry officials say they can=
-not<BR>
help because they must respect the sentence passed by Iranian justice<BR>
authorities, Kinkel said. "A solution has not yet been reached, but we=
must<BR>
not give up hope," Kinkel said in an interview. "I am confident a=
solution<BR>
can be found which will not damage attempts to improve relations with<BR>
Iran". Hofer, who is from the German city of Hamburg, appealed against=
<BR>
the judgment brought against him at the end of January. The outcome was<BR>
still unclear. Kinkel has since indicated that Bonn felt it was time for a =
cau-tious<BR>
resumption of ties with the Islamic Republic, but he has also suggest-ed<BR=
>
that ties could worsen considerably if Tehran goes ahead with Hofer's<BR>
death sentence.<BR>
</FONT>
</BODY>
</HTML>

--MS_Mac_OE_2975420631_1697509_MIME_Part--

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 20:18:12 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: UN: Iran Tougher on Iraq Smuggling

UN: Iran Tougher on Iraq Smuggling

By Robert H. Reid Associated Press Writer Monday, April 13, 1998; 5:45
p.m. EDT

UNITED NATIONS (AP) -- Iran appears to be cracking down on an illegal
oil smuggling operation that was projected to earn neighboring Iraq up
to $120 million this year, U.N. and other sources said Monday.

A U.S.-led multinational naval force patrols the Persian Gulf to
intercept ships carrying Iraqi oil in violation of economic sanctions
imposed after Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait, which sparked the Gulf
War.

U.N. sources have complained for years that Iraq has been able to
sidestep the sanctions by shipping fuel through Iranian territorial
waters that are off-limits to the multinational naval force.

President Clinton recently reported to Congress that the level of
petroleum smuggling ``appears to be decreasing'' and that the Iranian
government ``may be taking steps to curb the flow of illegal petroleum
products through its territorial seas.''

``In this regard, we note that the Iranian government has recently
played a helpful role in enforcing the sanctions on air travel to and
from Iraq by requiring that planes wishing to enter Iraq obtain the
appropriate approval from the U.N. Sanctions Committee before overflying
Iranian territory,'' Clinton said in the April 6 letter.

A copy of the letter was obtained by The Associated Press on Monday.

Last year, sources in the Maritime Interception Force, which patrols the
gulf to enforce sanctions, said the Iranian Revolutionary Guards were
selling ship captains bogus papers indicating their vessels were
carrying Iranian goods not covered by the embargo.

In a report last year to the Security Council, the force said illegal
Iraqi sales were expected to reach $75 million in 1997 and $120 million
this year.

But sources, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the Iranians in
recent months apparently have stopped helping smugglers, forcing them to
sail in international waters where they can be intercepted.

The sources said Iran's motives were unclear. They said the crackdown
could be part of a campaign to improve ties with the West that Iranian
President Mohammad Khatami began after his landslide election last May.

It also could reflect tension within the Iranian government between
Khatami and his hard-line opponents, who maintain close ties to the
Revolutionary Guards involved in the smuggling.

Copyright 1998 The Associated Press

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Apr 1998 to 14 Apr 1998 - Special issue
*******************************************************************