Date: Apr 16, 1998 [ 0: 0: 1]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 14 Apr 1998 to 15 Apr 1998

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 14 Apr 1998 to 15 Apr 1998
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There are 7 messages totalling 426 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Kar va Kargar:Read This Column (fwd) (2)
2. Karbaschi to be freed Thursday
3. Karbaschi freed on bail
4. U.S. Execution Slap in the Face of International Law
5. UN Envoy does U-turn on Iran Human Rights
6. Mohajerani blasts judiciary for illegal censorship

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Wed, 15 Apr 1998 17:39:07 +1000
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: Re: Kar va Kargar:Read This Column (fwd)

Dear Mo

If your intelligent insight renders the current developments in Iran as a
circus game, then open your eyes to see that at least that circus has an
audience wheras the sounds and nioses you make in this solo performing
circus of yours does not even have an audience (except for me who finds
you bemusing). If all you can say about Karbaschi is the look of his
beard, then you shouldnt be upset if some one-dimensionals like yourself
judge you by your style and appearance if you know what I mean.

For your own health, wake up and apply yourself.

Cheers
Mehdi


> sound like a circus with discusting animal charcters (all played by real
> humans) to me.
>
> what a freaking joke. these criminals take themselves way too seriously.
> all these words like eminent blah blah blah. the guy IOkhmenei) is a
> walking talking war criminal, so as rafsanjani. i mean...
>
> i am totally angered by the whitewashing of a democratic secular foroum
> abiut mayors' affair. i think mayor's case has almost nothing to do with
> what our group is up to (unless, yet again!, we want to advocate one of IRI
> official's human rights)
>
> i say lets see beyond this kheimeh shab bazi, this game is played by both
> sides of the political spectrum to further legitimize IRI and its fasictic
> barbaris rule over iran. this is making of a fake hero for people.
> karbaschi was a thief, just like most IRI officals, and yes his arrest is
> politically motivated, but not the politics that nationalists and
> toodeh/aksaryat media outside of iran, and IRI media inside of iran, wants
> us to believe.
>
> lets foget the mayor for one minute, and get on with our agenda re: human
> rights, democracy and secularism in iran.
>
> mo
>
> >Source:Kar va Kargar daily April 13
> >==========================
> >Read This Column
> >
> >The heads of the three branches of power met at the Islamic
> >Majlis on Saturday night to find a solution about the detention
> >of the Tehran mayor and revoking the detention warrant.
> >
> >At the 3-hour meeting, Messrs Mohammadi Golpayegani, the
> >head of the office of the esteemed Leader, and Akbar
> >Hashemi Rafsanjani, the chairman of the Expediency
> >Discernment Council, were also present.
> >
> >It is said at the meeting it was decided that Ayatollah Yazdi,
> >the judiciary chief, and the legislative power would find the
> >legal way for revoking the warrant and report the result.
> >
> >An informed source at the Majlis told our correspondent that
> >Mr. Hashemi Rafsanjani met the esteemed Leader yesterday
> >to brief His Eminence on the outcome of the meeting.
> >
> >What is heard indicate the studies at the Judiciary will
> >probably get nowhere and no positive solution will be
> >presented.
>

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 15 Apr 1998 10:35:03 +0000
From: RF203@HERMES.CAM.AC.UK
Subject: Re: Kar va Kargar:Read This Column (fwd)

I am really sorry to send this message to DNI-NEWs which is meant for just
News, but as some people like Mo still don't understand this, I have to
ask him for the thousandth time, please take your great political ideas to
another forums and leave us free to read the news.

David


On Tue, 14 Apr 1998, LSS Webmaster wrote:

> sound like a circus with discusting animal charcters (all played by real
> humans) to me.
>
> what a freaking joke. these criminals take themselves way too seriously.
> all these words like eminent blah blah blah. the guy IOkhmenei) is a
> walking talking war criminal, so as rafsanjani. i mean...
>
> i am totally angered by the whitewashing of a democratic secular foroum
> abiut mayors' affair. i think mayor's case has almost nothing to do with
> what our group is up to (unless, yet again!, we want to advocate one of IRI
> official's human rights)
>
> i say lets see beyond this kheimeh shab bazi, this game is played by both
> sides of the political spectrum to further legitimize IRI and its fasictic
> barbaris rule over iran. this is making of a fake hero for people.
> karbaschi was a thief, just like most IRI officals, and yes his arrest is
> politically motivated, but not the politics that nationalists and
> toodeh/aksaryat media outside of iran, and IRI media inside of iran, wants
> us to believe.
>
> lets foget the mayor for one minute, and get on with our agenda re: human
> rights, democracy and secularism in iran.
>
> mo
>
> >Source:Kar va Kargar daily April 13
> >==========================
> >Read This Column
> >
> >The heads of the three branches of power met at the Islamic
> >Majlis on Saturday night to find a solution about the detention
> >of the Tehran mayor and revoking the detention warrant.
> >
> >At the 3-hour meeting, Messrs Mohammadi Golpayegani, the
> >head of the office of the esteemed Leader, and Akbar
> >Hashemi Rafsanjani, the chairman of the Expediency
> >Discernment Council, were also present.
> >
> >It is said at the meeting it was decided that Ayatollah Yazdi,
> >the judiciary chief, and the legislative power would find the
> >legal way for revoking the warrant and report the result.
> >
> >An informed source at the Majlis told our correspondent that
> >Mr. Hashemi Rafsanjani met the esteemed Leader yesterday
> >to brief His Eminence on the outcome of the meeting.
> >
> >What is heard indicate the studies at the Judiciary will
> >probably get nowhere and no positive solution will be
> >presented.
>

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 15 Apr 1998 11:34:53 GMT
From: Jamshid Naghizadeh <janakgf1@CALVADOS.ZRZ.TU-BERLIN.DE>
Subject: Karbaschi to be freed Thursday

TEHRAN (April 15) XINHUA - The detained Tehran Mayor Gholamhussein
Karbaschi is expected to be released on Thursday after former Iranian President
Hashemi Rafsanjani launched "extensive efforts" to rescue him, a moderate
newspaper reported Wednesday.

"The mayor is very likely to be freed on Thursday," an informed source told the
paper.

He said that former President and Chairman of the State Expediency Council
Rafsanjani has been conducting the management to resolve the Tehran municipality
crisis behind the scene.

"After holding lengthy talks with the supreme leader (Ayatollah Ali Khamenei),
Ayatollah Rafsanjani has managed to gain the leader's consent for the release of
Karbaschi," the source said on condition of anonymity.

He elaborated that under the agreement between Rafsanjani and Khamenei, President
Khatami was to make an appeal to the leader for Karbaschi's release.

The 44-year-old mayor was detained on April 4 by the conservative-led judiciary on
the charges of embezzlement, misappropriation of funds and mismanagement.

The detention intensified the growing power struggle between the conservatives
headed by the parliament speaker and the judicial general-supervisor and the
moderates led by President Khatami.

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 15 Apr 1998 14:44:29 GMT
From: Jamshid Naghizadeh <janakgf1@CALVADOS.ZRZ.TU-BERLIN.DE>
Subject: Karbaschi freed on bail

Tehran (BBC): The mayor of Tehran, Gholamhossein Karbaschi, who
has been at the centre of a political row between moderates and
hardliners, has been released from prison on bail.

Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, reportedly ordered the
release of the mayor after the intervention of the former president, Ali
Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani.

The official Iranian news agency said the mayor would go
immediately to the Interior Ministry, which has been at the centre of
opposition to his arrest.

Mr Karbaschi - a key ally of the current reformist President Mohamed
Khataimi - was arrested 10 days ago on corruption charges by officials
from Iran's conservative-dominated judiciary, who were investigating
the affairs of the Tehran municipality.

The move provoked fury from Mr Karbaschi's moderate supporters,
who said the charges against him were trumped up.

Many people in Iran feared that his arrest was part of a wider plan by
the conservatives to weaken the government.

On Tuesday, several hundred students held a protest outside Tehran
University in support of the mayor. The demonstration was broken up
by baton-wielding riot police.

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 15 Apr 1998 15:28:41 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: U.S. Execution Slap in the Face of International Law

World Court Seen Diminished by U.S. Execution

Reuters
15-APR-98
By Janet McBride

AMSTERDAM, April 15 (Reuters) - The U.S. state of Virginia's decision to
defy the World Court and execute a Paraguayan national
undermines international law and could jeopardise the safety of
foreigners abroad, legal experts said on Wednesday.

The United Nations' top court was still formulating its response to the
death by lethal injection of Angel Francisco Breard, 32, at a state
prison in Jarratt, Virginia.

``There is no reaction at the moment. This is a matter which has to be
examined by the President and Vice- President,'' a spokeswoman for
the International Court of Justice said.

Breard was pronounced dead at 0239 GMT. Virginia Governor James
Gilmore decided the execution should go ahead despite a World
Court ruling calling for a stay and the intervention of U.S. Secretary of
State Madeleine Albright.

``I did not expect this. It is contempt of an international court. It is
quite a slap in the face,'' said Marcel Brus, senior lecturer in
international law at Leiden University.

``The U.S. has left itself vulnerable to criticism it has no respect for
international law and international courts.''

It is not the first time the United States has defied the World Court. In
1985, it refused to participate in a case brought against it by
Nicaragua for its alleged support of paramilitary attacks by Contra
guerrillas.

Breard had admitted the 1992 attempted rape and murder of a
woman neighbour in Arlington, Virginia, but Paraguay contested his
trial was flawed because he was denied access to consular
assistance -- a right enshrined in the 1963 Vienna Convention.

Last Thursday, World Court judges ruled unanimously the United States
should ``take all measures at its disposal'' to halt the execution to
allow judges time to consider Paraguay's case.

Virginia's decision to ignore the ruling does not remove the case from
the court's docket but it does mean judges will not be able to order
appropriate restitution should they ultimately side with Paraguay.

Paraguay wanted a retrial. Pressure groups joined Paraguay in
condemning Virginia's behaviour, but the United States' West
European allies were silent. Paraguayan Foreign Minister Leila Rachid
told reporters the execution demonstrated a disregard for
international law.

British-based group Fair Trials Abroad noted Breard had already spent
several years on death row and doubted the wisdom of rushing
ahead with the death sentence now.

``It threatens the international observance of the Vienna Convention
and therefore the enforceability of citizens' human rights overseas,''
the organisation said in a statement.

``That the United States government seems prepared to flout its own
treaty obligations...creates...the possibility of retaliatory action in
(other) countries.''

Albright used similar arguments earlier this week when she asked the
Virginia governor to issue a stay of execution to give the World Court
time to review the case.

Terry Gill, law professor at Utrecht University, said damage to the World
Court's standing had been limited by Albright's willingness to back its
position.

``If the U.S. had openly distanced itself from the court there would
have been a more serious effect on its authority.''

Legal experts noted the U.S. had an often uneasy relationship with the
United Nations, illustrated by its failure to clear its membership arrears
with the organisation.

The World Court's judgements are binding and without appeal,
although it has no enforcement powers. Interim rulings, as in the
Paraguay case, fall into a legal grey area, however.

Two other cases are pending against the United States at the World
Court -- a complaint brought by Libya over U.S. and British handling of
the hunt for the Lockerbie bombers and an oil platform dispute with
Iran.

Copyright 1998 Reuters Limited.All rights reserved.



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------------------------------

Date: Wed, 15 Apr 1998 15:32:13 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: UN Envoy does U-turn on Iran Human Rights

UN Iran Rights Envoy Hints at Progress on Rushdie

Reuters
15-APR-98

GENEVA, April 15 (Reuters) - The U.N. special human rights investigator
for Iran said on Wednesday he had received ``informal suggestions'' of
possible progress towards lifting an Iranian death threat against British
author Salman Rushdie.

Indian-born Rushdie has lived largely in hiding since Iran's late spiritual
leader Ayatollah Khomenei issued a religious ruling in 1989 ordering his
death for alleged insults to Islam in his book The Satanic Verses.

Iranian officials have said the order is irrevocable. But Maurice
Copithorne, a Canadian jurist appointed U.N. investigator in 1995,
told a news conference: ``I have received very informal suggestions
that some progress might be possible at some time.''

Copithorne declined to elaborate on when such a breakthrough
might be possible and in what circumstances. ``That is what was
conveyed to me,'' he said.

In a report to the supreme U.N. human rights body meeting in Geneva
last week, Copithorne criticised Iran's government for its refusal to
provide a written guarantee that it would not seek to carry out the
death threat against Rushdie.

His report also criticised Iran for 199 executions in 1997 and
condemned practices of execution by stoning and amputations.

At his news conference, Copithorne sought to clarify the tone of his
report, which he said was positive.

Despite a quadrupling in executions from 50 two years ago to almost
200 in 1997, Copithorne said human rights had improved under the
new government of President Mohammad Khatami.

``The balance is in favour of the positive compared to two years ago,''
the investigator said. ``The trend has continued. There is evidence that
the executive maintains its commitment to establishing a more
tolerant and more civil rights oriented society.''

Copithorne, who does not speak Persian, made only a brief visit to Iran
in February 1996. He said he had an invitation ``in principle'' for a
second visit but did not say when.

His report to the U.N. Human Rights Commission last year, attacking
death sentences, persecution of religious dissidents, killings of dissenters
abroad and pressures on the press, was condemned by Tehran as
biased and unrealistic.

Copyright 1998 Reuters Limited.All rights reserved.



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------------------------------

Date: Wed, 15 Apr 1998 18:52:41 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Mohajerani blasts judiciary for illegal censorship

thr 054
iran-minister-protest
islamic guidance minister objects to law enforcement interference
tehran, april 15, irna -- iran's minister of islamic guidance,
ata'ollah mohajerani severely objected to the interference of the law
enforcement elements who had raided the lithography sections of
both the `persian iran daily' and `hamshahri' on tuesday night to
control the material which was going in the paper.
the islamic guidance minister termed such acts contrary to the
existing laws of the nation.
the press deputy of the ministry of islamic guidance sent a fax
to irna stating that the said ministry has asked both the judiciary
and law enforcement to present an official explanation for such a
move which is to be divulged to public.
the elements of law enforcement who had assailed the lithography
department showed a `check warrant' issued by one of the district
courts of tehran. however, it was not disclosed from which branch the
search warrant was issued.
according to article number four of the press law passed by
the islamic consultative assembly (majlis) in 1984, "no government
officials nor non governmental agencies have the right to pressure
the press, or press for censorship of the articles or have the
right of instant control of the material to be printed.
the press deputy said that the islamic guidance ministry sees
the necessity of all agencies, organs, organizations, and departments
to abide by the laws governing the nation, adding that according to
article no 24 of the constitution of the sovereign islamic republic
of iran, `press is free to express their views unless they run
contrary to the interests of the islamic ideals and common laws of
the nation'.
the press deputy finally stated that `press laws, clearly define
the objectives of the press, laws governing them and their limits
and penalties set for the violators and that any scrutiny of the
violation will be conducted under a special court qualified to
investigate the violation in the presence of a jury'.
dh/dh
end
::irna 15/04/98 22:32

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------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 14 Apr 1998 to 15 Apr 1998
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