Date: Apr 26, 1998 [ 0: 0: 1]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 24 Apr 1998 to 25 Apr 1998

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 24 Apr 1998 to 25 Apr 1998
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There are 12 messages totalling 542 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. SPORT: Soccer-Poor results may prove a boon - Iran coach
2. For Filmmaker, Death Is Liberty
3. Iran President Backs Tolerance
4. fwd: aXharat sKngvy vzart amvrKarjh dr mvrd qTenamh
5. Test, please ignore
6. Digest mode (2)
7. Afghan opposition chief visits Iran on eve of peace talks
8. Iranian parliamentary speaker visits Oman
9. Missile-quality steel halted at Iran border - paper
10. Iraqi opposition accuses Baghdad of killing Iranian religious leader
11. Protest Shuts Down Iranian Town

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Fri, 24 Apr 1998 13:08:10 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: SPORT: Soccer-Poor results may prove a boon - Iran coach

Soccer-Poor results may prove a boon - Iran coach 07:51 p.m Apr 24, 1998
Eastern

TEHRAN, April 24 (Reuters) - Iran's coach Tomislav Ivic said on Friday
his team's recent weak results could be a blessing in disguise as World
Cup opponents might be lulled into underestimating the side.

``I think our results could be to our advantage. They (opponents) might
think they will have have an easy game against Iran,'' Ivic said in an
interview with Iranian television in which he responded to criticism by
fans and sports writers.

Ivic blamed the team's problems on insufficient training but insisted
they would be ready for the World Cup finals in France in June.

On Monday, fans jeered Ivic off the field after Iran lost 0-2 to Hungary
in a World Cup warm-up friendly in Tehran. Iran went on to finish third
behind Hungary and Macedonia in a four-nation tournament by beating
fellow World Cup hopefuls Jamaica 1-0.

Ivic earlier faced a storm of criticism from newspapers over a 1-1 draw
against Kuwait and poor results in three friendlies in France last month
against French club sides. Iran beat Nantes but lost to En Avant
Guinguamp and Montpellier.

Ivic said Iran's training had suffered from lack of access to a good
soccer pitch, bad weather and the absence of Iranian Bundesliga players
Ali Daei, Karim Bagheri and Khodadad Azizi.

He said the team would reach their real level of play after serious
physical training at a two-week camp in southwestern Iran and then a
camp in Italy.

Iran were the last team to qualify for the finals in France after
knocking out Australia in the play-offs.

They are underdogs in their first round group featuring three-times
world champions Germany, Yugoslavia and the United States, the Islamic
republic's political arch-foe. REUTERS

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 24 Apr 1998 13:10:16 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: For Filmmaker, Death Is Liberty

For Filmmaker, Death Is Liberty

By Nicole Winfield Associated Press Writer Thursday, April 23, 1998;
12:10 p.m. EDT

NEW YORK (AP) -- Abbas Kiarostami tends to think simple in his films,
using everyday experiences like a boy's walk home from school as the
basis for a complex drama.

So it came as some surprise that in his latest movie, ``Taste of
Cherry,'' Kiarostami tackled the rather complicated issue of suicide in
a very straightforward way.

The biggest surprise, though, wasn't this apparent artistic turnabout
but that the film was made at all. Suicide is taboo in Kiarostami's
Iran, where the government has controlled movie-making since the 1979
Islamic Revolution.

Despite its controversial theme, or perhaps because of it, ``Taste of
Cherry,'' won the Palme d'Or last year at the Cannes Film Festival and
is being released across the United States this spring.

Kiarostami says he didn't make ``Taste of Cherry'' to tweak any
religious mores or challenge government censors. He says he simply
wanted to explore some basic elements of life and death, as he has done
in previous work.

``I think we as human beings are born with a lot of limitations,''
Kiarostami said in a recent interview. ``We don't choose to be of a
certain religion. We don't choose to be of a certain nationality. We
don't pick our parents. We don't choose our government. ...

``But committing suicide is a sort of liberation,'' he explained through
an interpreter in his native Farsi. ``It's something that we can do.
It's one of our powers.''

In the film, a man tired of life spends a day driving through the dusty
outskirts of Tehran trying to find someone to bury him once he has
killed himself. His last encounter is with an old taxidermist, who tries
to get him to reconsider taking his life. The taxidermist asks the man,
``You want to give up the taste of cherries?''

The Cannes victory for ``Taste of Cherry'' -- which cemented Kiarostami
as one of the top filmmakers working today -- was doubly sweet. The
Iranian government had prevented the film from being shown at the film
festival, only to relent at the last minute.

``Winning the Palme d'Or, that's the pinnacle of legitimacy,'' said Jake
Kreilkamp, an expert on Iranian culture at New York University.

Kiarostami, 57, is perhaps the most internationally feted Iranian
director working today and has been compared in stature to the Japanese
director Akira Kirosawa and the German filmmaker Fritz Lang, said
Kiarostami expert Hamid Dabashi.

Kiarostami, who wears sunglasses indoors to protect his sensitive eyes,
has had a retrospective at the Film Society of Lincoln Center in New
York, and is a favorite on the international film festival circuit.

He is best known for a trilogy: ``Where Is the Friend's House'' (1987),
``And Life Goes On'' (1992) and ``Through the Olive Trees'' (1994). The
three films deal with a single Iranian village and how its residents
recover from a devastating earthquake.

Kiarostami's simple style was evident in his first movie, the 12-minute
``Bread and Alley,'' which is about a young boy's perilous walk home
from school.

Audiences also might also recognize his touch in ``The White Balloon,''
a charming tale about a little girl who watches life go by from a street
corner. Kiarostami wrote the screenplay; the movie was also a Cannes
winner.

By choosing these subjects rather than themes containing violence and
sex, Kiarostami has been able to get his movies made in Iran.

That's not to say they are simple movies. Kiarostami inverts fact and
fiction, switches from documentary style to drama and makes films about
the making of films. But what is crucial is that he is not a political
filmmaker as so many Iranian filmmakers are, said Dabashi, an associate
professor of Middle East culture at Columbia University.

``He doesn't deal with urban issues. His subjects are very simple on the
surface, and as a result he has less problem with the censors,'' Dabashi
said.

With ``Taste of Cherry,'' though, Kiarostami did alter the ending and
other scenes during the government's censorship process, Dabashi said.

Kiarostami says he hasn't felt limited by the censorship and says he is
optimistic that recent political changes in Iran will bode well for its
culture.

The election last May of a moderate former culture minister as president
and the appointment of a film director in the culture ministry are signs
of a loosening of government control over the industry, Dabashi said.

The process of filmmaking in Iran has already become easier, Kiarostami
said, with the government's five-step script approval process reduced to
one step.

``There are some extraordinary opportunities now for the filmmakers to
make their movies,'' he said. ``Despite my natural pessimism, which I
sometimes call being realistic, I think some changes have happened over
the short period which I hadn't expected.''

Nevertheless, Kiarostami says he won't take advantage of the changes.
The director said that even in the early years of the anti-Western
Islamic Revolution, when films were banned or destroyed and cinemas set
afire, he was able to work.

``If they lift those limitations, I would still be making the kind of
movies that I am making right now,'' he said.

``Even if you see my pre-Revolutionary films, you can still see those
same limitations,'' he said. ``Maybe, I was born with them.''

Copyright 1998 The Associated Press

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 24 Apr 1998 13:09:16 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran President Backs Tolerance

Iran President Backs Tolerance

By Afshin Valinejad Associated Press Writer Wednesday, April 22, 1998;
11:55 a.m. EDT

TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- A week after a political crisis erupted into
violence, Iran's president warned in remarks relayed on state-run radio
today that the country could explode unless it learns tolerance.

President Mohammad Khatami, a cleric who is preaching moderation to an
Islamic government still largely controlled by hard-liners, said no
single group could claim to speak for Islam.

He said the 1979 Islamic revolution that ousted the U.S.-backed
government and installed the clerical regime ``transcends the different
opinions and preferences.''

His remarks came Tuesday during a meeting with officials in southeastern
Sistan-Baluchestan province, Tehran radio said.

Since his landslide victory against a hard-line opponent in last May's
elections, Khatami has won public support with his efforts to relax
Iran's strict Islamic code.

But apparently upset by this popularity, the hard-line faction recently
began targeting his supporters. One of them, Tehran mayor Gholamhossein
Karbaschi, was arrested April 4 on the orders of hard-line officials who
control the judiciary.

This sparked street protests and violence by Khatami's supporters, and
Karbaschi was freed on bail April 15, a day after thousands of his
supporters clashed with police in Tehran.

In a veiled warning to hard-liners resisting change, Khatami said: ``It
may be possible to silence all voices for a while; however, these silent
voices will eventually emerge in the form of an explosion.''

Copyright 1998 The Associated Press

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 24 Apr 1998 13:19:42 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: fwd: aXharat sKngvy vzart amvrKarjh dr mvrd qTenamh

This file was created by pfont to Gerdsooz Applet
to be able to read this file in Farsi, you have to
use gerdsooz for Windows or use the program at:
http://www.payvand.com/gerdsooz
=begin=

aXharat sKngvy vzart amvrKarjh dr mvrd qTenamh
pnjah v Gharmyn kmysyvn Hqvq bSr sazman mll mtHd


.srvys syasy:sKngvy vzart amvr Karjh ba takyd br ayn
mTlbkh tHvlat jary Hqvq bSr drjmhvry aslamy ayran mbnay
aetqady dard, az aynkh az Hqvq bSr bhrhbrdary syasy
mySvd bh Sdt antqad krd.
mHmdy drbarh qTenamh pnjah vGharmyn kmysyvn Hqvq bSr
sazman mll mtHd afzvd:ayn qTenamh artbaTy ba vaqeyat
jmhvry aslamy ayran v Hty hmsviy bagzarS gzarSgr vyJh
Hqvq bSr drayran ndard v Crfa ba fSar syasy kSvrhay Qrby
br aexay kmysyvn tHmyl Sdh v aetbar Anra byStr KdShdar
krdh ast.vy takyd krd:mtasfanh bsyary az qTenamh~hayy
kh dr zmynh Hqvq bSr bh tCvyb myrsd, byS az Ankh angyzh
bSrdvstanh daSth baSd, tamyn knndh ahdaf v aQrax syasy
banyan ayn qTenamhha ast.

sKngvy vzart amvr Karjh baantqad az bhrhbrdary syasy
azmsalh Hqvq bSr gft:dr qTenamh~hay kmysyvn Hqvq bSr
nvey brKvrd ba arzSha v qvanyn aslamy bh GSm myKvrd v
ntayj karayn kmysyvn bh jay aynkh mSvqmbadlat arzSy v
frhngy byn tmdnha baSd nvey mqablh ba tmdnv frhng aslamy
ast.dr hmynHal bh mnasbt 42 Avryl vaetrax bh syasthay
ecmany drmqablh ba aramnh asqf aeXm ardak manvkyan
Klyfh aramnhthran rvz pnjSnbh gft:mdeyan Hqvq bSr az
Hxvr aqlytha drayran svi~astfadh myknnd.

vy ba aSarh bh gzarS aKyr kapytvrn gzarSgr kmyth Hqvq
bSr sazman mll dr KCvC Hqvq aqlytha dr ayran gft:
aqlytha az jmlh aramnh dr ayran bh raHty bh msayl mZhby
Kvd myprdaznd, dr brgzary mrasm Azad hstnd v ktab mntSr
myknnd.
=end=

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 24 Apr 1998 21:58:10 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Test, please ignore

Sorry, but I have to test the new configuration a few times!

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 24 Apr 1998 22:16:52 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Digest mode

Hi,
Sorry for causing this problem, but I have lost the information about those
who receiving this news list in digest mode, so if you want to be able to
receive it in digest mode in the future as well (one single e-mail at
00:00am Pacific time), please send me a note and I will modify your
subscription.

Regards,
Farahd A.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 23:30:50 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: Re: Digest mode

Dear Farhad,
I would like to receive the news a diget mode. Plus I would like to stay on
discussion list.

Regards
Asghar
----------
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
To: DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG
Subject: Digest mode
Date: Fri, Apr 24, 1998, 9:16 pm


Hi,
Sorry for causing this problem, but I have lost the information about those
who receiving this news list in digest mode, so if you want to be able to
receive it in digest mode in the future as well (one single e-mail at
00:00am Pacific time), please send me a note and I will modify your
subscription.

Regards,
Farahd A.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 03:31:19 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Afghan opposition chief visits Iran on eve of peace talks

TEHRAN, April 25 (AFP) - The leader of Afghanistan's northern
opposition, Abdul Rashid Dostam, arrived in Iran Saturday to confer
with the country's leaders as the warring Afghan factions prepared
to hold peace talks, the official Iranian news agency IRNA
reported.
During his four-day stay, General Dostam, an Uzbek who heads the
Jumbesh-i-Milli (National Movement), is scheduled to meet Iranian
Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi and Iran's special envoy for
Afghanistan, Alaeddin Borudjerdi, the news agency said.
IRNA did not say whether Dostam had yet arrived in the capital,
Tehran. Afghan opposition delegations generally come to Tehran via
the northeastern city of Mashhad.
Dostam may also be received by President Mohammad Khatami, the
news agency said.
His visit comes as the northern opposition alliance prepares to
start peace talks in Islamabad with the Taliban, the Islamic militia
which controls two-thirds of Afghanistan including the capital.
The talks, which are being sponsored by the United Nations and
the Organization of the Islamic Conference, were due to start
Saturday.
They were postponed until Sunday after the Taliban delegation
arrived in the Pakistani capital a day later than scheduled,
Pakistani and UN officials.
The northern alliance also includes the Hezb-i-Wahdat militia of
the Shiite Moslem Hazara community led by Karim Khalili and the
mainly-Tajik Jamiat-Islami faction of former president Burhanuddin
Rabbani and his military strongman Ahmed Shah Masood.
Rabbani was ousted by the Taliban in September 1996, but Tehran
still considers him president of Afghanistan.
Afghan sources said the talks would cover arrangements for a
meeting of religious scholars from both camps, a permanent ceasefire
and an exchange of prisoners.
The Taliban Islamic militia wants an authoritative religious
commission to find a solution to the conflict in accordance with the
principles of Islamic law.
The US ambassador to the United Nations, Bill Richardson,
obtained both sides' agreement to the talks and a ceasefire during a
visit to Afghanistan earlier this month.
Pakistan's envoy to Afghanistan, Iftikhar Murshid, made a brief
visit to Tehran Tuesday to brief Iranian leaders on the US peace
efforts.
Pakistan is considered the chief backer of the Sunni Moslem
Taliban while Shiite Moslem Iran supports the anti-Taliban
alliance.
Thousands of Afghans have died in factional fighting since the
fall of communist rule in Kabul in 1992.


------------------------------

Date: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 03:31:53 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iranian parliamentary speaker visits Oman

MUSCAT, April 25 (AFP) - Iran's parliamentary speaker Ali Akbar
Nateq-Nuri arrived in Muscat Saturday for a three-day vist aimed at
improving ties between the Islamic republic and its neighbors,
Iranian diplomats said.
He is the highest-ranking Iranian to visit Oman since the 1979
Islamic revolution, the official news agency IRNA reported.
Nateq-Nuri plans to discuss "regional and international
political issues" with senior Omani officials including Sultan
Qaboos, the diplomats said.
The speaker, who is also traveling with several Iranian
parliamentarians, also plans to hold talks on inter-parliamentary
cooperation with Oman.
Nateq-Nuri, the leader of his country's powerful conservative
faction, said before his departure that his trip was to "develop
relations between Iran and the countries of the region."
From Oman he will visit Kuwait.
Officials within President Mohammad Khatami's government, which
came to power in August, have repeatedly expressed their desire to
strengthen links with neighboring countries.


------------------------------

Date: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 03:32:28 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Missile-quality steel halted at Iran border - paper

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Despite an alert from theUnited States,
Russian authorities failed last month to stop a truck loaded
with 22 tons of stainless steel suitable for making Scud missile
fuel tanks from leaving Moscow for Iran, the New York Times
reported Saturday.
Azerbaijan customs officials in Astara stopped the truck at
the border with Iran because its documents listed a different
kind of steel, the Times said. They alerted American officials,
who analyzed the steel and found the company listed on documents
was fake, the Times said.
Russian authorities arrested three men from Tajikistan in
connection with the incident.
Russian officials claim that the U.S. intelligence reports
issued a few days before the truck left Moscow were too vague to
find the truck, the Times reported.
But the incident -- along with several other episodes -- has
raised U.S. concern about the Russian commitment to stopping the
promotion of Iran's missile technology.
Moscow officials insist they are doing their best in a vast
country to control any transmission of missile-related
technology, but some American lawmakers told the Times that the
issue was an example of Russian incompetence or duplicity.
``It would not be accurate to say that they are stonewalling
us,'' one American specialist told the Times. ``But it is a hard
issue for them, technologically and politically.''
The Clinton administration has so far rejected the proposal
of some U.S. lawmakers to impose sanctions on Russian businesses
or institutions that aid Iran's missile program.
Sen. Trent Lott, Republican of Mississippi, told the Times
that ``if there's not major progrss made in the next 30 days''
the Senate would vote on sanctions.


------------------------------

Date: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 03:32:55 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iraqi opposition accuses Baghdad of killing Iranian religious leader

TEHRAN, April 25 (AFP) - A Tehran-based Iraqi Shiite opposition
leader on Friday accused Baghdad of ordering the assassination of an
Iranian religious leader in the holy city of Najaf in southern
Iraq.
"The Baghdad regime committed this murder to sow terror among
the population in order to extend its control on the holy sites,"
said Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim, leader of the Supreme Council of the
Islamic Revolution in Iraq.
The official Iraqi News Agency reported Thursday that Sheikh Ali
Mohammad al-Borujerdi, 70, was shot dead by an unidentified attacker
on Tuesday after evening prayers in a city mosque.
Ayatollah Hakim told Jomhouri-Eslami newspaper that over the
past few weeks the Baghdad authorities had asked Borujerdi not to
lead prayers in the mausoleum of the imam Ali in Najaf.
Iran has formally protested to Iraq over the assassination,
calling in the Iraqi charge d'affaires in Tehran on Thursday.
Iraq's ministry for religious affairs accused the intelligence
services of an unnamed foreign country of carrying out the attack
because of Borujerdi's religious beliefs.
Borujerdi is the son of the late Ayatollah Ali Mohammad
Borujerdi, one of the most senior religious scholars and sources of
emulation for Shiite Moslems.
Several religious ceremonies in memory of Borujerdi have been
organised in Tehran and the holy city of Qom.


------------------------------

Date: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 03:29:46 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Protest Shuts Down Iranian Town

Protest Shuts Down Iranian Town

Saturday, April 25, 1998; 6:28 p.m. EDT

TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- Supporters of a leading dissident cleric have
closed down the center of an Iranian town for the third time in two
months to protest state restrictions against him, an Iranian newspaper
reported Saturday.

Protesters called for a weekend strike in Najafabad, 200 miles south of
Tehran, and urged parents to keep their children out of school as a show
of support for Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri, the Kayhan daily
newspaper reported.

Montazeri, 75, who was born in Najafabad, was once the heir apparent to
the late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the 1979 revolution
and the Islamic republic's first spiritual guide.

But Montazeri fell from grace for being too critical of Khomeini's
hard-line policies and was put under house arrest just before Khomeini
died in 1989.

In November, Montazeri was accused of treason after he questioned the
legitimacy of rule by the clergy, which is headed by Khomeini's
successor, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Hard-liners attacked Montazeri's home
and office in the holy city of Qom, forcing him to flee under police
protection.

In February, a court ordered the freezing of Montazeri's bank accounts.

During the first closure of Najafabad on March 8, a protester warned
there would be further strikes if the government did not ``change its
policy toward Montazeri.''

Montazeri maintains a low profile, speaking out only occasionally
against human rights violations, even though he has a wide following
among Iran's 60 million people.

Copyright 1998 The Associated Press

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 24 Apr 1998 to 25 Apr 1998
***************************************************