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There are 13 messages totalling 986 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. fwd: International Essay Prize Contest
2. International Essay Prize Contest (2)
3. URGENT ACTION ALERT ON IRAN
4. Farsi books for you
5. CIRA
6. Iran's speaker tries to reassure Gulf Arab monarchies on security
7. Briton held in Iran on spying charges freed, returns home
8. German diplomatic officials to visit Iran
9. Mosaddeq's granddaughter killed in Iran
10. Syria conveyed Egypt's "interest" to mend ties with Iran
11. British "spy" was television journalist: Iranian embassy
12. Shell to defy US sanctions by developing Iranian gas field
13. Iran feels "no need" for official dialogue with US: official

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 18:23:51 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad.abdolian@RSA.ERICSSON.SE>
Subject: fwd: International Essay Prize Contest

Hi,
This message was sent to our hotmail contact address earlier today
Regards,
Farhad A.

-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.
International Essay Prize Contest

Organizer:
Lettre International, Berlin and Weimar 1999 - Cultural Capital of Europe
In the manner of the tradition of Europe's Academies of Arts and Sciences
in the 18th and 19th century, Lettre International and Weimar 1999 -
Cultural Capital of Europe, in co-operation with Goethe-Institut, are
soliciting responses from a global public and in essay form to the
following Prize Question. This announcement is addressed to all persons,
anywhere in the world. You are invited to respond to our Prize Question in
a creative way and from whatever happens to be your own cultural
perspective and background. You should aim to provide the most convincing
and conclusive solution possible in a spirit of open competition. On the
threshold of a new millennium, this international competition of minds
hopes to become a symbol of a creative and co-operative global society in
the 21st century.

The Prize Question:
Liberating the Future from the Past?
Liberating the Past from the Future?

Prizes
- Authors of essays rated first, second and third will be awarded prizes of
DM 50 000,
DM 30 000 and DM 20 000 respectively. In addition, these authors will be
invited to the official award presentation at Weimar, scheduled to take
place late in 1999.
- Prize-winners, as well as authors of other outstanding contributions,
will receive a grant or stipend covering several months of study in Germany.
- Award-winning essays, along with a choice of entries pre-selected for the
Final Jury, will be published in the different national editions of Lettre
International and in other literary magazines.
- We also plan to publish a book containing a selection of those essays
presented to the Final Jury in German and other languages.



Conditions of Participation
- Everyone and anyone may participate, except for Contest jurors and staff
of Lettre International and Weimar 1999 - Cultural Capital of Europe.
- Essays may be submitted in any of the six official UN languages, i.e.
Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish, as well as in
German, the Contest organizers’ and hosts’ language.
- Essays may not be submitted which, prior to the official presentation of
awards, have been either previously published or offered to third parties
for publication, or which have been entered in any other competition.
- Essays should be sent to the International Essay Prize Contest's
Secretariat in two typescript copies or via e-mail no later than November
30, 1998. Date as postmark or e-mail protocol.
- Manuscripts cannot be returned.
- Authors of award-winning essays confer the unrestricted right of
reproduction - also transferable to third parties - to the Contest
organizers. This includes the right of translation and dissemination of
essays in any way or form, either in part or in full, and in all languages.
Authors whose essays have been presented to the Final Jury, but have not
been awarded a prize, likewise confer the right of reproduction to the
Contest holders. In case of publication, these authors will each receive a
single remuneration of DM 500,-.
In the event that essays are published in book form, their authors will
receive an additional fee of at least 8 per cent of the sale price,
proportionate to the length of their essay in relation to the length of the
entire book.

Textual Requirements
- Essays submitted must not exceed the following limits in length:
70 000 characters in German,
64 000 characters in English, French or Spanish, (approx. 10 000 words)
62 000 characters in Russian,
15 000 signs in Chinese,
54 000 characters in Arabic.
- In addition, an abstract of no more than two pages must be appended to
each essay.
- Essays must be submitted in sealed envelopes. Texts should contain no
reference to the author's name or identity. Name and address of sender
should be supplied in a separate, sealed envelope. Essays transferred via
e-mail must be sent as attachments.

Procedure of the Contest
- All contributions will be anonymized by the Contest's Secretariat,
furnished with a numeral code and then passed on to juries.
- Award-winners will be chosen in a two-step selection process. The Final
Jury will choose prize-winners from a maximum of 49 entries.
1. Between December 1, 1998 and May 31, 1999, seven preparatory sub-juries
(one for each Contest language) will evaluate all contributions received in
their respective language. Each jury will then propose a selection of no
less than three essays to the Final Jury. The sub-juries will be allocated
additional essays for presentation to the Final Jury in proportion to the
total number of entries received in their respective language.
2. Entries selected by sub-juries will subsequently be presented to the
Final - international and interdisciplinary - Jury. The latter’ s final
selection of award-winners will be completed by late October, 1999.
Award-winners will be notified and prizes presented at an official ceremony
at Weimar towards the end of 1999.
- The seven sub-juries and the Final Jury will be composed and appointed by
the Contest organizers in the course of 1998, in close co-operation with
the International Essay Prize Contest's Board of Curators.

Board of Curators:
Sadiq Al-Azm (Syria), Benjamin Barber (USA), Homi K. Bhabha (USA/India),
Sergio Benvenuto (Italy), Carmen Boullosa (Mexico), Boubacar Boris Diop
(Senegal), Jochen Gerz (Germany), Edouard Glissant (France/Martinique),
Nilüfer Göle (Turkey), Agnes Heller (USA/Hungary), Rebecca Horn (Germany),
Kojin Karatani (Japan), Santiago Kovadloff (Argentina), Horst Kurnitzky
(Germany), Abdellatif Laâbi (France/Morocco), Detlef B. Linke (Germany),
Liu Xiaofeng (Hongkong/China), Long Ying-Tai (Taiwan/Germany), Fatima
Mernissi (Morocco), Masao Miyoshi (USA/Japan), Edgar Morin (France),
Gabriel Motzkin (Israel), Pius Ngandu Nkashama (France/Congo), Ryosuke
Ohashi (Japan), Mikhail Ryklin (Russia), Joachim Sartorius (Germany), Olga
Sedakova (Russia), Juan Villoro (Mexico), Yang Lian (UK/China), Yu Jian
(China), Slavoj Zizek (Slovenia)
Address of the International Essay Prize Contest's Secretariat
International Essay Prize Contest
Rosenthaler Strasse 13
10119 Berlin
Germany
e-mail: Essay.Lettre@weimar1999.de
Internet: http://www.weimar1999.de/Essay-Contest

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 18:24:23 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad.abdolian@RSA.ERICSSON.SE>
Subject: International Essay Prize Contest (2)

International Essay Prize Contest

One Question and Many Answers That Link Up the World


Weimar 1999 - Cultural Capital of Europe and the European literary magazine
Lettre International are jointly initiating a project of truly global
scope: In publishing a philosophical prize question and calling for entries
from all over the world, we are inaugurating an intellectual competition so
far unprecedented, to the best of our knowledge, in both reach and portent.
Active support by Germany's Goethe Institute and its roughly 140
international branches, which will make our announcement known in nearly
all countries, effectively secures this global coverage. In addition, the
prize question will be published in literary magazines of many countries,
as well as on the World Wide Web.

These "olympics of ideas" are an attempt to respond to the challenge of —
real or merely apparent — "gobalization". We hope to find out just what the
prospects for intellectual creativity are if thinkers from all over the
world try to tackle the same issue at the same time, but in their different
languages, and from the different angles of their respective cultures,
traditions, perspectives, schools or styles of thought, and research contexts.

This effort at intensifying what Goethe called "intellectual commerce"
requires more than launching our prize question in the major, established
forums and venues of intellectual activity. Our question should travel
beyond, into the farthest recesses and to unknown addressees within the
world's intellectual community.

What will happen if, for once, we take the airy ideal of global
open-mindedness seriously? Who could predict what sort of entries will
reach us from Africa, China, India, Brazil or Central Asia? May we hope to
chance on revelations, somewhere in this vast, unfathomed territory? Will
we be surprised by the emerging intellectual topography?

e

Inside Europe, academic prize questions have had a long history, and they
played a particularly important role in the 18th and 19th centuries. For
the most part, academies of sciences and arts in European metropoles would
announce prize questions relevant to their various areas of learning, and
essay prize competitions were among their most highly esteemed activities.
Almost invariably, these questions addressed a broadly enlightened and
educated public, rather than a narrow circle of specialists. Even
publishing techniques eloquently testify to this determination to reach a
broader audience. Not only did academies assist each other in disseminating
prize questions; special editions and journal supplements, as well as
newspaper advertising, helped to inform those largely unconnected with
academia. Essay prize competitions had a remarkable impact on public
debate, and their questions were discussed widely. Thus the tradition of
essay prize competitions was a major factor in the constitution of European
civic consciousness.

In 1749, for instance, the Dijon Academy raised the question, "whether the
reestablishment of sciences and arts has contributed to the purification of
manners". A then unknown philosopher and friend of Denis Diderot,
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, carried the day with a critique of civilization that
was to prove far from irrelevant to the Enlightenment's belief in progress
and the history of France alike: he flatly denied that the "rétablissement
des arts et des sciences" was of any use whatsoever.

The Berlin Royal Academy of Sciences and Fine Arts, founded in 1700,
undertook, on the occasion of its restructuring in 1744/46, "to offer an
annual premium of approx. fifty Ducats for the elaboration of matters
pertaining to science or literature and useful to the country; and to make
the problema known through newspapers." Essays could be submitted in
German, French, and Latin, which secured international attention and access
at the time. Among those who partipated in the Berlin Academy's competition
may be found such illustrious minds as Lessing and Mendelssohn, Herder and
Kant, D'Alembert and Condillac. Kant was narrowly defeated several times,
while Gottfried Herder convinced jurors with his essay On the Origin of
Language, written in response to the question: "Supposing that men were
left to their own natural devices: would they be capable of inventing a
language, and by what means would they independently achieve such an
invention?"

Arthur Schopenhauer was almost fifty years old when he perused, in 1839,
the Leipzig-based journal Repertitorium der gesamten deutschen Litteratur
and chanced upon the Royal Norwegian Society's prize question of "whether
the freedom of will may be demonstrated conclusively on the basis of the
consciousness of self". He responded, of course, with his famous treaty
Über den Willen in der Natur and was promptly awarded the Great Gold Medal
by the Drontheim Jury.

Politics, to be sure, did not fail to impact the history of prize
questions; even direct interference by state authorities was not unknown.
Thus Frederick II, whose academy was bound to serving "the interest of the
State", objected when the Berlin Academy proposed to raise the question of
"a truthful assessment of the Living Forces". Manifestly, that issue seemed
far too obscure to the author of Antimachiavel. Instead, Frederick decreed,
in 1780, the question of "whether it is useful that the people be deceived,
either by their being allured into new errors, or by being confirmed in
their present ones."

e

With the International Essay Prize Contest, Lettre International and Weimar
1999 - Cultural Capital of Europe hope to revive this forgotten tradition
of prize essays, without, however, ignoring the fact that its historical
settings and circumstances have changed. It seems clear that we will
succeed only if the idea of competing intellectually for the best solution
to a given problem is adapted to present conditions.

Thus, long before the concept of "globalization" became a catch phrase, it
has been evident that all important issues of our time are a priori global
or at least transnational in scope. Ecology, technology, financial markets,
mass media and the sciences develop in a close interplay of research and
its application in different parts of the world. Information and knowledge
travel the globe with ever-increasing speed, and interaction between them
raises new questions continuously. Planetary ecological problems call for
new macro-economic formulae; global communication networks and data banks
are transforming and reshaping education, training, architecture, medical
sciences and engineering, to name but a few, everywhere. Our competition
will need to be international, interdisciplinary, multilingual and
multicultural if it is to acknowledge and take account of these facts. We
are not looking for the one ultimate answer to the one conclusive and
terminal question; on the contrary, we are preparing for a pluralist
spectrum of possible answers which exemplify the tension between
universalism and heterogeneity.

How do you decide on a prize question within such a global framework? How
is it possible to include as many creative stimuli as possible in the
process of this question's emergence? — Last year, we presented our project
to about 900 leading thinkers and artists, scientists and poets, men and
women of letters and academic specialists, and asked them to suggest prize
questions. More than one hundred of them agreed to engage in this creative
play, and their ideas — in part annotated — may be found in the latest
edition of Lettre International, no. 39, IV 1997, as well as on the
Internet (http://www.weimar1999.de/essay-contest).

e

In an attempt to close in gradually on the prospective prize question, we
called a meeting at Weimar in late September last year. Mexican writer
Carmen Boullosa, German artists Jochen Gerz and Rebecca Horn, Moroccan
sociologist Fatima Mernissi, German neurophysiologist Detlef B. Linke, the
poets Yang Lian of China and Abdellatif Laabi of Morocco, the philosophers
Agnes Heller of Hungary, Michail Ryklin of Russia, Lio Xiao Feng of Hong
Kong, Slavoj Zizek of Slovenia and Sergio Benvenuto of Italy, and the
US-based, Spanish cultural studies scholar Eduardo Subirats met with
representatives of Weimar 1999, Lettre International and Goethe Institute.
For two days, we discussed the best possible question passionately, on the
basis of suggestions received in writing, and ultimately agreed on a
slightly amended proposition by the French writer and philosopher Michel
Surya:

Liberating the Future from the Past?
Liberating the Past from the Future?

It is hoped that this question will prove sufficiently ambivalent in
embracing associations ranging from Nietzsche's "untimely" critique of
historical formation to the surrealist disassembly of the continuous
universe. It has revolutionary and romantic connotations, it allows for
answers that tackle issues such as globalization, the possible
homogenization of spaces, times and cultures, or the construction of
identities based on fictions of tradition, besides an infinite number of
others; for further suggestions, consult the comments by participants of
the Weimar meeting enclosed in this press folder. Thus our question invites
historically or philosophically saturated observations, it is sufficiently
provocative for flaring controversy and sufficiently interesting to
eventually gather up, in the compendium of answers received, a fascinating
image of our world as a spectrum of diverse cultural traditions and modes
of thought.

e

However much this project draws on the history of academic prize questions,
we do not, in actual fact, directly continue this tradition. Our initiative
cannot and should not be analogous to that of an academic or educational
institution or a particular school of thought. As opposed to traditional
essay prize competitions, this one is not run by a national or any other
permanent institution, but consists in a temporary initiative. Those who
participate in the project do so as independent writers, scientists,
artists or intellectuals rather than academy members, and they act entirely
as responsible individuals rather than as representatives of any
established body.

The prize question has been published in a great variety of languages in as
many countries as possible, and disseminated via literary magazines and
scientific journals, weekly and daily newspapers, Internet and audivisual
media, as well as through the many Goethe Institutes across the globe.
Essays answering the prize question may be submitted until late November,
1998. Seven Juries — one for each official Contest language — and one
international Board of Curators monitoring the competition through the
presentation of awards in October, 1999, will be constituted over the
coming months. We are positive that the International Essay Prize Contest
will be a cosmopolitan event.

The International Essay Prize Contest's official announcement contains all
essential information on procedures in more detail. Your stakes, please!
Faites vos jeux!

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 12:36:34 -0500
From: hickse@HRW.ORG
Subject: URGENT ACTION ALERT ON IRAN

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U R G E N T A C T I O N A L E R T

IRAN'S PARLIAMENT AUTHORIZES GENDER SEGREGATION OF HEALTH SERVICES &
CENSORSHIP OF WOMEN'S ISSUES
April 24, 1998

Iran's parliament, the Islamic Consultative Assembly, on Wednesday gave
initial approval to a law requiring hospitals to fully segregate all health
services offered to men and women. This move at widening the system of
gender apartheid puts women's health in severe jeopardy because there are
not enough women doctors across the country to attend to women's needs. The
regime must be stopped from putting in danger the health of 30 million women
by taking away their access to health care.

Recently, the parliament also passed a law that prohibits the press from
using pictures of women, even when fully veiled, on the publication's front
page. The law also makes illegal discussions of women's issues or rights
outside of the requirements of the Shari`a (Islamic law) as interpreted by
the ruling clerics. This law will endanger activists, journalists, writers,
publishers, in fact any one who seeks to improve women's status.

After the Islamic Republic came to power in 1979, it instituted forced
veiling for women under the penalty of flogging and imprisonment, and gender
segregation in all public spaces. It excluded women from numerous fields of
study and employment, nullified the family protection law that gave women
rights within the family, reduced the minimum legal age of marriage for women
to nine, and passed a penal code that includes stoning of women suspected of
adultery. Despite the regime's oppressive measures, women resisted and forced
it to withdraw in certain areas. It has now begun once again to extend the
parameters of its gender apartheid policies.

In 1997 President Khatami was elected to office by the overwhelming votes of
women who expected him to ease the policies of gender apartheid. However,
nothing tangible has yet occurred. On the contrary, the tension between
civil society and the regime is increasing. The regime has consistently
tried to limit women's freedom of movement and access to public
institutions. Women have been resisting and fighting back. In the past, the
regime has had to withdraw in many areas under pressure from domestic and
international forces. It is imperative that the international community
makes its position known on this issue in support of Iranian women.

Action Requested:
Please write to the Iranian authorities expressing your support for the
women of Iran, and urging them to rescind these laws which will reinforce
gender apartheid in Iran.

Addresses:
Hojjatoleslam Mohammad Khatami, Office of the President
Palestine Avenue, Azerbaijan Intersection, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of
Iran Fax: 98-21-674-790

Hojjatoleslam Ali Akbar Nateqr-Nouri, President, Islamic Consultative Assembly
Imam Khomeini Avenue, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran Fax: 98-21-204-0541

H.E. Mehdi Faridzadeh, Ambassador, Iranian Mission to the United Nations
622 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA Tel: 212-687-2020 Fax:
212-867-7086


____________________________
Sisterhood Is Global Institute
4343 Montgomery Avenue
Suite 201
Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Tel: 301-657-4355
Fax: 301-657-4381
Email: <sigi@igc.apc.org>
http://www.sigi.org/





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Subject: URGENT ACTION ALERT ON IRAN


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------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 11:39:16 PDT
From: Azadegan-e Iran <azadegan@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Farsi books for you

baa salaam,
hamvatanaan, baraaye motaaleeye ketaabhaaye faarsi mitavaanid be aadrese
zir morajee karde va yaa nazaraat xod ra az tariqe 'e-mail' baraaye maa
beferestid.

http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian/stanmer/23/index.html
http://surft.to/islam-info

hamvaare dar xedmate shomaa,

goruhe iraaniye Azadegan


______________________________________________________
Get Your Private, Free Email at http://www.hotmail.com

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 14:19:44 -0700
From: mosalemy@DIRECT.CA
Subject: CIRA

not very dear goodarz;

before calling me polpotist take a look at the regime you are trying to
pretify with vigorous efforts, maybe if you open your not very open eyes,
then you see who resembles pol pot.

me or your moderate president.

and dont you think i dont know where the hell this pol poyt reference is
coming from.

you can keep affiliating me with WCP. but again i say it wrong. by
affiliating me with the communist party, you can shut up my valid points.

what a waste, what a shame

mo

>Envelope-to: mosalemy@direct.ca
>Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 10:22:59 -0700 (PDT)
>From: eghtedaa@cadlab.eas.pdx.edu
>Subject: CIRA
>Reply-To: ihrwg-d@Tehran.Stanford.EDU
>X-IHRWG-GP: This is IHRWG-GP mailing list
>
>
>Hello all;
>
>To clarify a point for discussion that is going on; Hossein's and my
>paper was presented
>as individual papers in a panel sponsored by IHRWG and along with two
>other papers totally
>out of the group and with opposing tone at least in cultural reletavist
>point of view.
>None were presented as IHRWG's views. The session was well received and
>took a very good
>crowd out of the busy conf. program. Manije, Maryam, Shole and Gabi from
>IHRWG were
>present, Akbar was the chair and moderator. From what I heard, it was one
>of the best
>sessions in the conference. We showed the video of stoning which brought
>tears and
>outrage, and had Call for stopping the DP, Hossein's paper, and an
>introduction article
>about IHRWG that I had written for a newspaper at table. I just share
>with you one of
>the several messages I got so far, this is from Dr. Akbar Mahdi today.
>
>"Goudarz Jaan Salaam,
>
>I just want to thank you for all your efforts in coordinating CIRA
>conference. Your presentation, espcially starting with Mohajerani's quotes
>was very good and I think the HR session you put together was very
>effective. Congratulations on a job well done and thanks for
>all your hospitality.
>
>peace,
>
>akbar"
>
>
>
>Despite Mr salemi's point of view credit for CIRA's organization was made
>partially to
>IHRWG as well, because I had my name tag on as IHRWG member and Conf.
>CO-Chair.
>
>Now, MO, whatever your problem is as a ... polpottist take it out of this
>group and stop
>your OWN political agenda instead of calling people name. I as a person
>who you call
>criminal, have saved at least four gay persons from deportation so far.
>
>But You are right, what a waste.
>
>Goudarz
>
>
>
>
>hosseing jAn:
>
>you make it sound like i have a personal problem. and need serious
>treatment or therapy. when it is you who is rushing to kiss khatami's
>buttom and neglect the fundamental human rights argument that IRI and its
>laws are incapable of arriving at the minimum standards of human rights in
>iran. and as technical experrts in this field you have the responsibility
>of speaking the truth and dont substitute it with political BS.
>
>i know what i am saying, you know what i am saying if down with IRI upset
>members of this group, then im sorry you are posing for human rights here
>and not acting for it.
>
>i am not going to repeat my points. i think you know better than anybody
>else what im talking about.
>
>you proved to me that your personal goals and the goals you persue in this
>foroum are political and not human rights related. you want to give more
>strengh to khatami and moderates. and this is an outragous shame.
>
>all you can do is to create momentum to cick me out iof this list, which is
>very normal considering how important is your pro khatami agenda and how
>devastating it is for that to be disrupted by crazy people like me.
>
>do as you please. sell me to your moderate criminal friends that poerhaps
>you shook hand and drank tea with in CIRA.
>
>I wish you a great future as a human rights businessman with IRI.
>
>what a bunch of waste! its really a big shame.
>
>mo
>
>
>>Mo,
>>
>>As much as I welcome any criticism about whatever views I express
>>here, I have nevertheless no intention to enter into a dialogue with
>>you on this article, not least because you have broken the first rule
>>of any sensible discussion by distorting my statement in your very
>>first line of response. Moreover, the parts you responded to have
>>been posted to the group at least twice in the last few months and you
>>have had the chance to make your views known well before the
>>conference.
>>
>>You can certainly dispute the factual statements in my article - as
>>any two members have the right to challenge each other's views and
>>refute the factual claims made. However, neither this, nor any other
>>exchanges in the group gives you the right to use overt political
>>slogans like "down with IRI" here or cause offence to other members.
>>You have repeatedly abused your access to this mailing list in the
>>past (on both grounds) - and you are doing it here again. This
>>behaviour puts you in direct conflict with the membership terms (and
>>the Charter requirements) under which you were supposed to participate
>>in this group.
>>
>>-hossein
>>--
>>********************!!!!!!!!!!!!***********************
>>Support the campaign against the death penalty in Iran.
>>Visit http://www.ihrwg.org/CP/ - Sign the petition.
>>********************!!!!!!!!!!!!***********************
>

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 01:04:00 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran's speaker tries to reassure Gulf Arab monarchies on security


MUSCAT, April 27 (AFP) - Iran's parliamentary speaker Ali Akbar
Nateq-Nuri gave assurances here Monday that the Islamic republic
posed no threat to the security of the Gulf Arab monarchies.
"I want to reassure Gulf leaders that Iran wants to establish
good relations with its neighbours and does not threaten their
security," he said at the end of a three-day visit to Oman.
The speaker, who met Sultan Qaboos and several Omani ministers
during his visit, said President Mohammad Khatami, who was elected
in 1997 and has pledged to improve ties with Iran's neighbours,
would tour the Gulf "next year."
Nateq-Nuri, the highest-ranking Iranian official to visit the
sultanate since the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran, also told a
press conference that Tehran was opposed to the US military presence
in the Gulf.
"Gulf countries belong to the same family and if they want to
ensure their development, they need security but under no
circumstances should it be provided by foreign forces," he said.
Iran's relations with the United States, severed since 1980,
"have not undergone any change," he said, adding that Washington
would have "to change its policies of hegemony."
Nateq-Nuri later travelled to Kuwait where he went straight into
a meeting with the emir, Sheikh Jaber al-Ahmad al-Sabah.
The official Kuwaiti news agency KUNA said that several MPs,
including Kuwait's speaker of parliament, Ahmad Abdel Aziz
al-Saadun, also took part in the meeting.


------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 01:05:58 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Briton held in Iran on spying charges freed, returns home


TEHRAN, April 27 (AFP) - A British national detained in Iran on
spying charges has been released and has already returned home,
Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi announced Monday.
The Jumhuri-Islami newspaper reported Sunday that a Briton it
identified as Robert Gavin had been arrested "recently" while
filming army installations in a military zone in Iran's Kurdistan
region.
Kharazi, speaking at a press conference, said the Briton, whom
he did not identify, had been "detained while taking photographs and
filming under cover as a journalist in a restricted zone in western
Iran."
"This affair concerns the past -- this individual has been
released and is already in Britain," the foreign minister said.
A spokeswoman for the Foreign Office in London said she was
unable to confirm Kharazi's comments.
"We are aware of media reports .... We are trying to find out
exactly what the situation is but we haven't managed to do that
yet."
Kharazi's announcement of the release came after Jomhuri Islami,
which is close to the hardline wing of the Islamic republic's
government, said in Monday's edition that the Briton should be
forced to stand trial.
"A trial and verdict in the case of the English spy could be a
good way to start showing that here, no one kids around with clever
Englishmen," the paper said.
It said Gavin had confessed to being an "important" member of
the British foreign secret service MI6, and that he had entered the
country on a tourist visa posing as a journalist for the BBC.
The paper said that during a one-week interrogation, Gavin
"admitted being involved in espionage activities in Iran and several
Arab countries."
Iran's northwestern province of Kurdistan is a relatively
unstable region bordering Iraq and Turkey, and is highly militarized
and under close surveillance.
The report of a Briton's arrest came amid Iranian anger at
British charges that it had attempted to buy British nuclear
technology.
British Foreign Secretary Robin Cook said last week that MI6 and
the GCHQ communications monitoring agency had "tracked Iran's
nuclear weapons programme, and have enabled us to disrupt Iranian
attempts to procure British technology."
Iranian foreign ministry spokesman Mahmud Mohammadi on Sunday
described the charges as "baseless" and said they were an attempt to
cover up a row in Britian over the delivery of a consignment of
Georgian nuclear waste.
"Iran's position is clear -- we are opposed to nuclear and other
weapons of mass destruction," said Mohammadi.
Relations between Britain and Iran have been severely strained
since the Islamic Republic issued a death sentence against British
author Salman Rushdie in 1989 over his book "The Satanic Verses,"
saying it was an insult to Islam.
Britain is represented in Iran by a charge d'affaires and not an
ambassador, as is the case for all other members of the European
Union.


------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 01:05:31 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: German diplomatic officials to visit Iran

TEHRAN, April 27 (AFP) - A German diplomatic mission is expected
to visit Iran amid renewed tension between the two countries over
the sentencing to death of a German national here for an illicit
sexual affair, Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi said Monday.
Kharazi told a press conference that the director general of
German foreign ministry's Middle East bureau was among the members
of the delegation.
"This is the first official visit by a German delegation and a
first step for improved relations between the two countries," he
said.
In Bonn the foreign ministry said two diplomats would travel to
Tehran in mid-May to assess relations between the two countries.
The pair would be officials from the Middle East department and
consular services, said ministry spokesman Martin Erdmann.
The German embassy had announced the visit in March and then
said it would take place some time in April.
It said among those visiting are Peter Dingens, the
director-general of the foreign ministry's Middle East department,
and Wolf-Ruthardt Born, the director-general of consular affairs.
Relations took a sour turn in January after Bonn announced the
arrest and and conviction to death of a German businessman, Helmut
Hofer, for an alleged sexual affair with an Iranian Moslem woman.
The case is currently being reviewed by an appeals court.
Kharazi spoke of "ups and downs" in relations with Germany, but
said conditions had "calmed and improved" since the return of the
German ambassador along with other EU diplomats in November.
They had been recalled in the wake of a diplomatic crisis over a
Berlin court verdict implicating Tehran's regime in the
assassination of opponents in Germany in 1992.
But the minister said "no major steps have yet been taken to
improve relations" between the two countries.


------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 01:04:54 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Mosaddeq's granddaughter killed in Iran


TEHRAN, April 27 (AFP) - Unidentified assailants have strangled
to death the granddaugher (EDS: correct) of former Iranian prime
minister Mohammad Mosadeq, who was toppled in a US-backed coup in
1953, the official IRNA news agency reported Monday.
Masumeh Mosadeq, 49, was killed in her home in the Niavaran
district of northern Tehran on Thursday after the attackers broke
into the house through a back window, it said.
Mosadeq was a permanent resident of the United States and she
intended to sell her house and join her husband there.
A caretaker discovered the body the next day and informed the
police, who are still investigating, said IRNA.
The late Mosadeq, a popularly-elected nationalist, was deposed
by the former shah in an American-backed coup.


------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 01:07:08 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Syria conveyed Egypt's "interest" to mend ties with Iran


TEHRAN, April 27 (AFP) - Syrian officials conveyed Egypt's
"interest" in improving relations with Iran during a visit here this
weekend, Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi said Monday.
"It is no special initiative. What our Syrian friends told us is
Egyptian officials' interest in boosting relations with Iran,"
Kharazi told a press conference.
He said Tehran too was "in principle interested in cooperating
with Cairo," but called for "practical steps to remove existing
obstacles."
"God willing, in the right time the way will be paved," the
minister said. "Iran sees Egypt as a cultured country with an
important role in the region. As two main pillars, we can cooperate
and play an important role."
Iran and Egypt, once close allies, broke off diplomatic
relations following the 1979 Islamic revolution.
Relations have warmed somewhat in recent years, and the two
countries have re-established cultural and economic links.
Syrian Vice President Abdel Halim Khaddam's visit here this
weekend was part of regular contacts between Syria and Iran. Syria
is Iran's closest ally in the Arab world.
Damascus has previously tried to mediate between Tehran and
Cairo.


------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 01:06:24 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: British "spy" was television journalist: Iranian embassy


LONDON, April 27 (AFP) - A British national arrested in Iran six
months ago for spying was a journalist working for independent
television's Channel 4 and was only detained for three hours,
Iranian embassy and television officials said Monday.
Gwynne Roberts was arrested while filming without authorisation
in a military area in Iran's Kurdistan region. "He was taken for
some questioning and released, presumably without any charges," said
Reza Shoja, an Iranian embassy diplomat.
A Channel 4 spokeswoman said: "I can confirm that Gwynne was
arrested but not charged about six months ago in Iran while filming
for dispatches about the plight of the Kurds."
She insisted he had proper accreditation and said he was
released after about three hours.
Roberts, an independent filmmaker, was not available for comment
at his office in London.
Earlier Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi told a press
conference in Tehran that the Briton, whom he did not identify, had
been "detained while taking photographs and filming under cover as a
journalist in a restricted zone in western Iran."
"This affair concerns the past -- this individual has been
released and is already in Britain," he said.
He was reacting to an Iranian newspaper report that a Briton had
been arrested for filming army installations in a military zone in
the Kurdistan region.
Britain's foreign office said it considered the affair "closed"
following the foreign minister's statement.


------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 01:04:19 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Shell to defy US sanctions by developing Iranian gas field


NICOSIA, April 27 (AFP) - The Anglo-Dutch company Shell is to
sign a framework agreement to develop Iran's offshore gas reserves
in defiance of US sanctions against the Islamic republic, a
specialist review reported Tuesday.
Royal Dutch-Shell has decided to go ahead with the development
of two phases of the South Pars field for export to Pakistan, said
the Nicosia-based Middle East Economic Survey (MEES).
The project also involves the construction of a 1,600 kilometer
(1,000 mile) pipeline linking Iran with the Pakistani cities of
Karachi and Multan, said MEES.
The review did not say what Shell's investment in the project
would be, but it said the deal would certainly bring the company
into conflict with the 1996 US Iran-Libya Sanctions Act which bans
investment of more than 20 million dollars in the oil or gas
industries of the Islamic republic.
MEES said Shell's decision to proceed with the deal was part of
a strategy to take a more forceful stand against the legislation,
implemented to punish Iran for its alleged support for terrorism.
Shell also decided to forge ahead with the project because of
competitive pressure from rivals and because it believes the
election of moderate cleric Mohammad Khatami as Iran's president
last year is a positive step, said MEES.
The European Union strongly opposes the US legislation which has
already been challenged by the French firm Total which signed a 2.5
billion-dollar deal to develop two other phases of South Pars seven
months ago.
The US government has yet to announce if it will take action
against Total and partners Gazprom of Russia and Petronas of
Malaysia.
MEES said the Shell consortium's development of the South Pars
field with the National Iranian Oil Company would cost around 2.5
billion dollars, while the pipeline linking Iran to the two
Pakistani cities would cost an additional 3.2 billion dollars.
Shell's partners in the deal are Petronas, Gaz de France and BG
of Britain, it added.
MEES said the each phase of the South Pars development would
have a capacity of 1.2 billion cubic feet per day (34.3 million
cubic metres), adding that the first stage was due to come on stream
in 2003 and the second phase in 2007.
Iran possesses more than 24,000 billion cubic meters of natural
gas, or nearly 15 percent of the world's reserves, putting it in
second place after Russia. Most of Iran's gas reserves have not yet
been exploited.
-=-=-
C O P Y R I G H T * R E M I N D E R

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------------------------------

Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 01:07:32 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran feels "no need" for official dialogue with US: official


TEHRAN, April 27 (AFP) - Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi
said Monday that his country felt "no need" for official talks with
the United States as long as Washington pursued its hostile policies
towards Tehran.
"American officials and non-official personalities have
repeatedly called for official dialogue. This is indicative of
America's need for negotiations with Iran," Kharazi told a press
conference.
"But we don't feel such a need as long as America's hostile
policies towards Iran continue," he said. "From the signs we are
getting, America's hostile policies will continue against Iran for a
while."
The minister was reacting to an appeal by former US
undersecretary of state Richard Murphy for a "meaningful and clear"
official dialogue between the two countries.
Murphy in an interview with the English-language daily Iran News
published on Sunday, said "the sooner there can be meaningful and
clear official exchanges between the two governments the better."
Tehran and Washington broke diplomatic ties in 1980, shortly
after the Islamic revolution which toppled the pro-American shah,
and they have been enemies ever since.
In January, however, President Mohammad Khatami made a televised
address to the American people, calling for cultural exchanges,
though not official dialogue, to "crack the wall of mistrust."
Kharazi however acknowledged a "change of tone and language"
used by American officials to refer to the Islamic republic.
"But this change of tone is not genuine and sincere ... So in
such an atmosphere we don't feel there is any room for talks," he
said.
Kharazi specifically referred to a decision to increase
Farsi-language broadcasts to Iran as an act of "intervention in our
internal affairs."
The New York Times reported in mid-April that President Bill
Clinton had decided to grant 900,000 dollars to Radio Free
Europe/Radio Liberty to set up a Persian-language radio service that
will counter Iran's propaganda.
But the State Department said later that the purpose of the
service was not to broadcast anti-regime broadcasts into Iran.
Kharazi also referred to "billions of dollars" in Iranian assets
frozen in US banks after the revolution, as well as "an almost equal
amount of money accrued in interest."
He said the dispute was being investigated at the International
Court of Justice at the Hague.


------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 26 Apr 1998 to 27 Apr 1998
***************************************************