Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 7 Apr 1998 to 8 Apr 1998 - Special issue

There are 15 messages totalling 1354 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. mayor-reactions-sdvir
2. Pilgrims in Saudi mark Eid al-Adha at end of haj
3. Et. Int.: Terhan mayors trialto start in 20 days
4. NCRI: Tehran's mayor arrested and imprisoned in Evin
5. jAmeEe: aHmd Samlv bstry Sd
6. jAmeEe:dstgyry syasy ya Qyrsyasy ?
7. jAmeEe: ArayS nyrvhay syasy ayran dr majray dstgyry krbasGy
8. jAmeEe: dvlt: krbasGy bayd hrGh sryetr Azad Svd
9. jAmeEe: alzamat v tbeat dstgyry Shrdar thran
10. jAmeEe: syast skvt
11. iran-leader-communique
12. Congressional Record: A Proclamation Congratulating the Iranian Wrestling
13. US-Iran relations: State dept. daily press briefing on 4/8/98
14. Congressional Record: Regarding Iran
15. US-Iran relations: State dept. daily press briefing on 4/6/98


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 11:33:44 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: mayor-reactions-sdvir

thr 008
sdvir defends inquiry into charges against municipality officials
tehran, april 8, irna -- the society for defense of the values of the
islamic revolution (sdvir) here on tuesday published a statement in
defense of the judiciary's move to look into the embezzlement charges
against the municipality officials.
however, the statement criticized the manner the case has been
handled by the judiciary, which it said has given rise to the
impression on part of some that the whole affair is politically
''the judiciary, in order to preserve its good standing with the
public, should refrain from any moves which casts doubts on its
fairness in dealing with the issue.''
this requires that the judiciary officials clarify any ambiguities
which might give rise to impressions of a political bias in the case,
added the statement.
highlighting the importance of national unity in the country, the
statement calls for vigilance on part of all political factions,
government officials and the press in regard to the forces promoting
discord in the country.
sdvir fielded hojatoleslam mohammad mohammadi reyshahri as its
candidate in last years presidential elections.
::irna 08/04/98 12:53


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 11:33:57 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: Pilgrims in Saudi mark Eid al-Adha at end of haj

Tuesday April 7, 11:24 AM GMT

Pilgrims in Saudi mark Eid al-Adha at end of haj

(Updates with quotes, details, previous MECCA) By Abbas Salman

MENA, Saudi Arabia, April 7 (Reuters) - Two million Moslem pilgrims in Saudi
Arabia on Tuesday performed the
final rituals of the haj and marked the start of the Eid al-Adha feast at
the end of the sacred Islamic rite.

From before dawn, thousands of pilgrims dressed in two pieces of seamless
white cloth traditionally worn during the
haj prayed at Mecca's Grand Mosque, site of Islam's holiest shrine.

The pilgrims shuffled shoulder-to-shoulder around the black, cube-shaped
Kaaba, the shrine covered by
gold-embroidered black silk at the centre of the Grand Mosque which the one
billion Moslems across the world must
face when they pray.

After sunrise, Moslems on the nearby plain of Mena began hurling stones at a
pillar symbolising the devil, chanting "In
the name of God. God is the greatest".

Traffic between Mecca and Mena, a distance of about 10 km (six miles), moved
at a snail's pace as pilgrims in cars,
buses and on foot made their way to the pillar.

Pelting the stone column and two others known as Jamraat concludes an
elaborate set of rituals which must be
performed during the annual pilgrimage.

"I just threw seven stones at the pillar. I cannot even begin to describe my
feelings because this ritual is so important to
my religion," said Talal, a Saudi man from Mecca.

"This is the pinnacle of happiness," another pilgrim said.

Saudi King Fahd, who travelled to Mena on Monday to oversee the facilities
provided for the pilgrims, wished
worshippers in the kingdom and the world's Moslems a happy Eid holiday in a
speech carried by official Saudi media.

On Eid al-Ahda (Feast of Sacrifice), Moslems around the world slaughter
sheep and cattle and donate the meat to the
poor. Beggars could be seen near the Jamraat, pleading for alms.

Saudi officials said pilgrims would sacrifice 700,000 sheep and over 20,000
cattle and camels this year. Some media
reports have said up to two million animals would be slaughtered.

After performing the "stoning of the devil" ritual, pilgrims headed back to
Mecca for prayers at the Grand Mosque.
Many male pilgrims shaved their heads with bare blades or trimmed their hair
as signs of purification.

Those who came to the kingdom from abroad -- about one million people --
have to leave by April 10, the date set by
the government for pilgrims to return home.

The haj reached its peak on Monday at Mount Arafat near Mena where Prophet
Mohammad gave his last sermon 14
centuries ago.

A sea of men, women and children, mostly in white, clogged broad roads in
the Mount Arafat area for as far as the eye
could see. They chanted, "I have answered your call, God. There is no God
but you," which reverberated around the
surrounding hills.

Despite the crowds and 35 Celsius (95 Fahrenheit) heat, many said haj was
their most moving spiritual experience and
made them feel "close to God".

Iran's state media said pilgrims at Mount Arafat also held a rally known as
the "disavowal of infidels" against the
United States and Israel.

There was no official Saudi word on the rally. The kingdom prohibits
political demonstrations at the haj, saying the
pilgrimage should be strictly religious.

Staging the demonstration has in past years led to tension between Iran and
Saudi Arabia. In 1987, 402 people, mostly
Iranians, died in clashes with Saudi security forces at an Iranian-led
rally. Iran boycotted haj for the next three years.

Pilgrims, who have come from around 100 countries, spent most of Monday
praying at Mount Arafat before heading
to Muzdalifah, about 10 km (six miles) away.

They spent the night in Muzdalifah, sleeping on rugs in the open. They also
collected pebbles there to hurl at the

This year's haj has been mostly free of the incidents which have marred
previous pilgrimages.

The London-based al-Hayat newspaper said on Monday that a small fire had
destroyed 16 tents on the Mena plain on
Saturday night, but caused no casualties. A fire in Mena at last year's haj
killed 343 people.

The 1997 blaze was the latest tragedy to strike the pilgrimage. In 1990,
1,426 pilgrims were crushed in a stampede in a
tunnel and in 1994, another 270 people died in a stampede.


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 16:22:00 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad.abdolian@RSA.ERICSSON.SE>
Subject: Et. Int.: Terhan mayors trialto start in 20 days

Ettelaat International: Terhan mayorís trialto start in 20 days

TEHRAN - The case of Tehran Mayor Gholam-Hussein Karbaschi, in cus-tody
on embezzlement charg-es, in three weeks time would go to branch 26 of
the special court for looking into viola-tions by government em-ployees,
reported the Persian daily ĎIraní in its Monday is-sue. According to the
report, the decision to transfer the case out of general courts was made
after the detention of the mayor, IRNA reported. Karbashi would be tried
with Gholam-Reza Qobeh, the deputy mayor in charge of administrative and
financial affairs. Qobeh was taken into custody prior to the mayorís
detention. No decision has been made on whether the trial would be open
to the public, added the report. Commenting on the case, the head of the
special courts Hojatoleslam Mohseni stressed that Tehran justice
department would look into the charges against Karbaschi free from any
political bi-ases. Mohseni added that the evidence and information
ob-tained from some of the ac-cused served as the basis to bring the
charges against the mayor himself. Mohseni did not rule out the removal
of the visit ban for Karbaschi, the decision he said would be made by
the judge in charge of the case. The official ac-knowledged the valuable
ser-vices rendered by Karbaschi during his term as Tehran mayor.
However, he added, such services does not exempt a person from
prosecution for charges brought up against him. Detention on Saturday of
Mayor of Tehran Gholam-Hussein Karbaschi has met with mixed reaction in
the so-ciety, especially among polit-ical groups and personalities. In
order to get the opinion of lawmakers on the issue, IRNA has interviewed
a number of Majlis deputies both from Tehran and other constituencies.
Tehran deputy Hassan Ghafouri-Fard opined that Karbaschiís detention is
re-lated to the judiciary and has no political overtone. In my opinion,
the de-tention has no political side to it. It is not in the interest of
the country to interpret as po-litically- motivated any single event
that does not satisfy certain people, he said. However, he stressed
that the judiciary should immedi-ately provide the public with the
necessary explanation. Asked whether Kar-baschiís detention will create
tension among political fac-tions, he said: "I donít think so because
political groups are wise enough to avoid ten-sion." On the impact of
Tehran mayorís detention on the state management, Ghafouri-Fard
remarked, "I am not denying services rendered by the Teh-ran mayor. But,
standing against violations of Tehran Municipality will make other
managers to respect the law while increasing their ser-vices." Mohammad
Baqer Mou-savi Jahan-Abad, deputy from Yasouj, said that the mayorís
detention is a move which weakens the government. At this crucial
juncture that the government needs coop-eration of all institutions,
people consider detention of the mayor as a move to weak-en the new
administration. He said that Karbaschi has been taken into detention on
charges of mis-appropriation while he is one of the most competent and
committed managers of the country. Mohammad Reza Ba-honar, Tehranís
deputy, said that according to the constitu-tion all citizens are equal
be-fore the law, adding that the Islamic Republic should pro-mote the
policy under which those with good performance get promoted and the
offend-ers are brought to justice. He said that the charges against the
Tehran mayor should be investigated away from any poliltical influence.
Referring to certain claims that the arrest is con-nected with the May
23rd elections, he said that if this happens to be the case its
im-portance will be doubled. This is because, if a person is found to
misuse his authority to influence the elections, he has undoubtedly
committed an even greater offence, he said. The outcome of the case,
whatever it may be, will be beneficial to the system. If the accused is
acquitted, many ambiguities will be removed. If, God forbid, he is found
guilty, the system will be proud that its officials are punished if they
happen to vi-olate laws, Bahonar added. Also commenting over the issue,
Tehranís deputy Ms. Faezeh Hashemi said those who played a part in the
de-tention of Tehran mayor in-tended to weaken the govern-ment. She said
that the faction which was defeated in the May 23 presidential elections
is directly involved in the is-sue and has taken revenge. "This move is
a political confrontation rather than a re-ality.Ē But, it will not
bring un-der question the previous ad-ministration,Ē said Ms. Ha-shemi.
Hashemi, who is also a member of the presiding board of the Hezbollah
as-sembly of the Majlis, added that the chief of the judiciary Ayatollah
Mohammad Yazdi "was expected to stick to his words and do not let the
ju-diciary be affected and secur-ity of the society be jeopard-ized by
political pressures and such mistreatment.Ē She said that since
Kar-baschi is an officials who also served in Hashemi Raf-sanjaniís
administration, cer-tainly if the Expediency Council (chaired by Hashemi
Rafsanjani) takes an stance on the issue, if will be highly useful and
will help settle the issue. Faezeh Hashemi stressed that keeping silent
and being reluctant to deal with the is-sue under the pretext of
pre-serving national interest, is a treacherous thought against the
nation, country and na-tional interests. She stressed that Karbs-chiís
detention is a blow on Kargozaran-e Sazandegi (ser-vants of
construction), de-mocracy and political-cultural development of the
country. However, she said in con-clusion, ''i do not reject charges
levelled against the municipality but i object to the manner mr.
Karbaschi is treated.'' Morteza Nabavi, another deputy from Tehran, said
the detention of any officials should be approached with due attention
for law, adding that the judiciary should re-ceive all-out support for
its probe into cases of economic and financial mis-appropriations.
Nabavi who is head of the Economy and Finance Commission of the Majlis
stated that when people see that the judiciary investigates the case of
an offender ir-respective of his position or factional affiliation, they
will be further convinced that public wealth is protected. Another
Majlis deputy from Boein Zahra and Avaj, Gholam-Abbas Aqa-Alikhani, said
that detention of the mayor with no prior knowledge of the government is
"highly sensitive with neg-ative consequences." He opined that so far
treat-ment given to the officials of Tehran Municipality has ex-ceeded
the judicial norms, adding that these develop-ments have damaged
interests of the system and the people.


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 15:54:39 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: NCRI: Tehran's mayor arrested and imprisoned in Evin

Tehran's mayor arrested and imprisoned in Evin

After he was summoned to the court, Gholam-Hossein Karbaschi, Tehran's
mayor, was arrested
and imprisoned at Evin Prison, reports from Iran say.

Hashemi Rafsanjani and Mohammad Khatami thus failed in their efforts over
the last several
months to prevent Karbastchi's arrest. Khatami's efforts today and the
several contacts he made
with Khamenei, the mullahs' leader, also remained unanswered.

Khatami and Abdollah Nouri, the Interior Minister, declared their explicit
support for Karbastchi
a few weeks ago.

Karbastchi's imprisonment is a new blow by Khamenei to Khatami and ignites a
new round of
power struggle within the clerical regime. Seven months after Khatami took
office, the unbridled
aggravation of feuding among the mullahs has expedited the overthrow of the
religious, terrorist
dictatorship ruling Iran in its entirety.

Secretariat of the National Council of Resistance of IranApril 4, 1998


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 22:48:15 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: jAmeEe: aHmd Samlv bstry Sd

aHmd Samlv bstry Sd
grvh adb v hnr
aHmd Samlv bh elt bymary qlby dr bymarstan bstry Sd.
dr py bymary Tvlany mdt qlby , CbH dyrvz ,
Samlv Saer meaCr ayran dr yky az bymarstan~hay
thran bstry Sd v tHt drman qrar grft .
aHmd Samlv dr sal dr thran mtvld Sd .
az sal bh rvznamh ngary prdaKt
kh HaCl fealyt mTbveaty av srdbyry ) ktab
hfth ( , mjlh ) KvSh ( v ) ktab jmeh ( ast ,
Acar Gap Sdh Samlv mjmvehi Ser
v 07 acr mKtlf dr zmynh hay gvnagvn ra Saml
mySvd .


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 23:29:59 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: jAmeEe:dstgyry syasy ya Qyrsyasy ?

dvSnbh 71 frvrdyn . sal avl . Smarh 63

dstgyry syasy ya Qyrsyasy ?
CaHb nXran pasK mydhnd

Hjty krmany : mn vaqea mtasfm !
mHmd jvad krmany dr mvrd bazdaSt Shrdar thran gft : )) vaqea ayn
Hadch tasf Avr ast . balaKrh ayn qxyh dstgyry az dv Halt Karj nyst .
agr atham aKtlas mylyardy CHyH baSd dygr kar ma zar ast Gvn aySan yky
az mdyran Traz avl jmhvry aslamy ayran dr dv dhh anqlab bvdh v yk dhh
Anra jzv mdyran v hmkaran drjh avl bradr ezyz haSmy rfsnjany bvdh ast
v ayn yk Abrvryzy bray kl mdyran nXam , bray dvlt Aqay haSmy v SKC
Aqay haSmy rfsnjany ast dvm aynkh agr ayn atham aKtlas vahy baSd v
majra yk amr syasy baSd ayn Halt hm baec tasf ast Gra kh dr rvzhay
avl sal jdyd dr SrayTy kh dvlt Aqay Katmy v mrdm ba mSklat aqtCady
dst v pnjh nrm myknnd ba dstgyry yk mdyr mvfq dvlt ayn Gnyn dr vxe
mdyryt kSvr bHran ayjad myknnd mn vaqea mtasfm (( .
vy afzvd : dr hr Cvrt atham aKtlas bdvn acbat qanvny v Srey v qbl
Cdvr ray dadgah kh rvznamh ha v radyv tlvyzyvn ba tytr drSt nvStnd v
gftnd kary br Klaf Sre v qanvn Hty nXr SKC Aqay yzdy ryys qvh qxayyh
ast kh aySan gftnnd qbl az acbat jrm nbayd az aSKaC Abrvryzy bSvd )
qryb bh mxmvn ( ps AnGh mslm ast jnjal v aSaeh Sayeat mrbvT bh Aqay
krbasGy v htk Hrmt v Abrvryzy qTea Klaf Sre v aKlaq v ansanyt mybaSd
v mslma ayn karha , karay qxayy nyst v hmh ks myfhmd syasy ast Hty
agr Kday nakrdh frx avl drst baSd . dr xmn ba SnaKty SKC bndh az Aqay
krbasGy darm az zmany kh ba hm dr zman Sah dr zndan avyn bvdym v dr
zmany kh pdr aySan Hxrt Aqay thrany nmayndh tam alaKtyar amam dr qm ,
tbeyd bh krman bvdnd v ta zmany kh srprsty Cda v syma ra ehdh dar
bvdnd v vqty kh astandar aCfhan Sdnd , ASnayy ma adamh daSt v dr tmam
mraHl aySan ba CHt eml v ba qablyt anjam vXyfh mykrdnd .

syd mCTfy mHqq damad: Arzv mykrdm ayn prvndh bh qxat ba sabqh mHvl
athamaty kh bh Aqay Shrdar nsbt dadh Sdh ast bh nXr mn msail sadh ay
nyst kh bh astnbaT qxayy ayn v An mrtbT grdd v bh nXr ayn janb
ayngvnh athamat bsyar Xryf v az nXr Hqvq jza bsyar qabl bHc v gftgv
ast mcla jrm aKtlas az nXr arkan v enaCr Sbaht bsyar zyad ba tCrf Qyr
qanvny dr amval dvlty dard v nagfth br ahl fn rvSn ast aKtlas aHkamy
dard v tCrf Qyr qanvny aHkam dygr v rvS brKvrd ba hr yk tfavt myknd ,
ay kaS bray ayngvnh prvndh ha az qxat ealyrtbh v mjrb dadgstry mcla
qxaty kh dr dyvan kyfr kar mykrdnd astfadh mySd . mtasfanh amrvz ba
layHh dadgahhay eam dadgahhay tKCCy brGydh Sdh ast xmn aHtram Qyaby
bh qxat v dst andrkaran ayn prvndh Arzv daStm kh bh qxat ba sabqh ayn
amr mHvl mySd ta Kday nakrdh txyye Hqy Cvrt ngyrd .

HSmt allh Tbrzdy : brKvrd qvh qxayyh nbayd jnaHy baSd
HSmt allh Tbrzdy dbyrkl atHadyh aslamy danSjvyan v danS AmmvKtgan
danSgahha nyz dr gftgvyy ba Kbrngar ma gft : atHadyh aslamy danSjvyan
az sal pyS nsbt bh Hrkthay aqtCady Shrdary antqad mykrd v br
qanvnmnd bvdn ayn gvnh Hrktha pay fSary krd ama mtasfanh ksy pasKgv
nbvd .
vy ba aSarh bh aynkh sviastfadh az byt almal nyaz bh pasKgvyy nyz
dard tCryH krd : qvh qxayyh bayd ykTrfh Hsabrsy knd ama brKvrd ayn
qvh ba dygr dstgahhay mtKlf az jmlh bnyad mstxefan nSan dad kh ba svi
astfadh hay maly eadlanh brKvrd nmySvd .
dbyr kl atHadyh danSjvyan ba takyd br aynkh brKvrd qvh qxayyh nbayd
syasy v jnaHy baSd adamh dad : dr rsydgy bh tKlfat nbayd gzynSy eml
Svd v agr br mrdm cabt Svd kh bh tKlfat bnyad mstxefan nyz hmGvn
tKlfat Shrdary rsydgy mySvd , amydvar Kvahnd Sd kh ayn gvnh Hrkat
jnaHy nKvahd bvd .

asdallh byat : dstgah qxayy dr Cdd ajray edalt nyst
Ayt allh asdallh byat az asatyd Hvzh Qlmyh qm dr gftgv ba Kbrngar ma
gft : hrGnd tmamy dlsvzan anqlab v nXam Kvahan An hstnd kh qvh qxayyh
az tvan byStr , astqlal mlmvstr v edalt mvrd pZyrS hmh ansanhay
edaltKvah brKvrdar baSd v nbayd dstgah qxayy ra txeyf , qaxy ra Qyr
mstql v tCmymat qxayy ra ba dyd tng nXranh tHlyl krd , ama brKy az
aqdamhay dstgah qxayy bvyJh emlkrd qvh qxayyh dr prvndh Shrdary bray
ksany kh ba alfbay msail qxayy ASna hstnd ayn Zhnyt ra ayjad krdh kh
dstgah qxayy dr Cdd ajray edalt v HfX Hrmt ansanha nyst v Kvd ra mdey
alemvm nmydand , blkh Kvd ra mdey KaC bh Hsab my Avrd .
Ayt allh byat ba abraz tasf az brKvrdhay Qrx vrzanh ba mdyran tvanmnd
gft : hr Gnd dstgah qxayy ayn Zhnyt ra ndard ama tlqy jameh An ast kh
ayn brKvrdha nvey vaknS dr brabr mrdm v Hmash dvm Krdad ast v ksany
kh dr antKabat Skst Kvrdh and ba mSahdh astHkam mdyryt ajrayy kSvr v
tvfyq dvlt jdyd dr syast Karjy , msayl syasy daKly v tamyn amnyt
daKly v tdavm sazndgy drCdd hstnd ta ngZarnd mdyryt ajrayy kSvr kar
Kvd ra anjam dhd v dr eyn Hal ayn nve brKvrdha Zhnyt hmgan nsbt bh
mdyryt kSvr ra mKdvS myknd .

Ayt allh Tahry : bazdaSt QlamHsyn krbasGy Cd dr Cd jnbh syasy dard .
Ayt allh Tahry amam jmeh aCfhan nyz dr gftgvy aKtCaCy ba Kbrngar ma
gft : bh aetqad mn bazdaSt QlamHsyn krbasGy nh msilh aKtlas ast v nh
svi mdyryt blkh bazdaSt vy dr artbaT ba Hmash dvm Krdad ast v Cd dr
Cd jnbh syasy dard .
vy afzvd : dstgyry krbasGy msalh ay ast kh baec KvSHaly dSmn Kvahd Sd
v bygangan ra bh tjzyh v tHlylhay mKtlf va mydard .
Ayt allh Tahry aXhar daSt : msilh dstgyry Shrdar thran abtda xrbh aS
bh anqlab myKvrd v agr ma eaSq anqlab v rhbry hstym bayd kary bknym
kh bhanh bh dst dSmn ndhym .
vy ba aSarh bh dstgyry dygr Shrdaran mnaTq gft : aySan dr zman
dstgyry hmkaranS bh mmn gft kh mra nyz dstgyr Kvahnd krd v bh vsylh
hman mSklaty kh bray hmkaranm bvjvd Avrdh and mra nyz tHt fSar qrar
Kvahnd dad .

rjayy Krasany : bsyary az athamat elyh Shrdar mrbvT bh dvrh Aqay
haSmy ast .
rjayy Krasany astad danSgah Shyd bhSty dr gftgvy tlfny ba Kbrngar ma
drbarh dstgyry krbasGy Shrdar thran gft : Aqay krbasGy yky az
msivlyny ast kh yk slslh fealythay emrany vsye dr Shr thran anjam
dadh ast kh dr lablay ayn fealytha Hrfhay zyady mvafq v mKalf vy nyz
mTrH Sdh ast . Hqyqt ayn Hrfha ra fqT mytvan dr qvh qxayyh mSKC krd .
vy ba aSarh bh aynkh dr tmam dnya HafX qanvn v mlak Hq v baTl qvh
qxayyh ast gft : amydvarym qvh qxayyh kSvr ba dqt v CHt v ba kmal by
nXry vXayfS ra anjam dhd .
rjayy Krasany axafh krd : agr Shrdar ma bygnah ast Htma tbrih mySvd v
bray aynkh hyG prdh pvSy v syast kary Cvrt ngyrd bayd dadgah elny
baSd v tmam athamat vy bayd dr mTbveat mTrH Svd .
bh aetqad rjayy Krasany dr Hal Haxr qvh qxayyh mvrd amtHan qrar grfth
ast nh Aqay Shrdar .
vy sps gfft : bsyary az athamaty kh elyh Shrdar mTrH Sdh ast mrbvT bh
zman qbl az Aqay Katmy v dr dvrh Aqay haSmy ast v bhtr bvd asnad ayn
athamat dr zman Aqay haSmy frahm v mTrH mySd .
rjayy Krasany elt dstgyry krbasGy ra dr zman Haxr baz Sdn fxay syasy
jameh Zkr krd .
vy hmGnyn afzvd : ayn aHtmal vjvd dard kh bed az mHakmh Aqay krbasGy
Hqayq dygry dr mvrd bsyary az msivlyn ajrayy kSvr rvSn Svd .
vy dr ayn mvrd bh KaTrh ay aSarh krd v gft : dr zman tCdy Aqay mvsvy
ardbyly dr smt Svray ealy qxayy bh KdmtS rftm v az mSklat mmlkt kh
bayd tvsT qvh qxayyh Hl Svd sKn gftm . aySan dr pasK gftnd agr qrar
ast ksy ra bgyrym bayd hmh ra bgyrym .


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 23:27:38 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: jAmeEe: ArayS nyrvhay syasy ayran dr majray dstgyry krbasGy

ArayS nyrvhay syasy ayran dr majray dstgyry krbasGy
grvh syasy

gfth mySvd ely akbr haSmy rfsnjany ryys mjme tSKyC mClHt nXam bh
dnbal dstgyry QlamHsyn krbasGy , Shrdar thran , dyrvz bh dydar mqam
rhbry rft .
zmzmh hayy nyz az mlaqat aHtmaly syd mHmd Katmy ryys jmhvr ba mqam
rhbry Xrf amrvz ya rvzhay Ayndh br sr zbanhast . dr hmyn Hal gfth
mySvd SvStry vzyr dadgstry kh az svy dvlt bray mlaqat ba krbasGy rfth
ba mmanet razyny ryys dadgstry thran rvbrv Sd.
dr ayn myan Sayeaty nyz az tCmym dvlt bray fraKvan mrdm bray Srkt dr
yk rahpymayy Hmayt Amyz bh gvS myrsd. braynd ayn vaknSha prsSy asasy
ra mTrH mysazd : )) ayn grh bh dst Gh ksy gSvdh Kvahd Sd? (( .
dr hmyn Hal Snydh mySvd kh bh Shrdar yky az mnaTq thran , pySnhad
janSyny krbasGy dadh Sdh ast. Kbrhayy nyz az gftgvy nym saeth tlfny
ebdallh nvry vzyr kSvr kh dr sfr Hj bsr mybrd ba meavn syasy amnyty
vzart kSvr bh gvS myrsd.
dr nKstyn rvz dstgyry Shrdar thran , vzart kSvr ba Cdvr aTlaeyh ay az
aqdam dadgstry thran antqad krd , ama rvabT emvmy dadgstry astan
thran dr mvrd ayn aTlaeyh kh bazdaSt Shrdar thran ra brKlaf erf v
rvyh Kvandh bvd , gft : )) aCvla Gnyn rvyh ay dr dstgah qxayy vjvd
ndard v aTlaeyh vzart kSvr , xmn Ankh mstnd Hqvqy ndard , nvey tvhyn
nyz bh dstgah qxayy v nXr mqam qxayy mHsvb mySvd (( .
ayn dr Haly ast kh mCaHbh eTaallh mhajrany vzyr frhng v arSad aslamy
dr rvz ykSnbh kh pyStr bh aTlae Kbrngaran rsydh bvd , bdvn aTlae qbly
lQv Sd .
dr mCaHbh qrar bvd dktr mhajrany ahdaf v ntayj sfr Kvd ra bh knfrans
jhany frhng dr svid ra byan knd. Xahra dlyl lQv ayn mCaHbh , jlsh fvq
aleadh hyat dvlt ps az dstgyry Shrdar bvdh ast .
az AnGh dr hyat dvlt dr pSt drhay bsth v bh mdt Gnd saet dr jryan bvd
, hnvz aTlaey dr dst nyst ama bnXr myrsd dstgyry Shrdar thran aHtmala
ba vaknS tnd dvlt mvajh Svd , Gra kh dvlt dr Hal Haxr , antKabhay
mHdvdy dr pyS rv dard .
bh hr Hal dstgyry Shrdar thran , Azmvny srnvSt saz bray dvlt Katmy
bSmar myrvd kh hnvz bKS akcryt qvh mqnnh v nyz Hmayt qvh qxayyh ra dr
aKtyar ndard .
msalh dstgyry Shrdar thran az Gnd zavyh qabl brrsy ast . nKst bHc
edalt v vXyfh qvh qxayyh dr teqyb v mjazat qanvn Sknan qabl TrH ast .
az ayn zavyh aqdam qvh qxayyh astedad pdyd Avrdn Gnyn hyjan syasy ra
ndaSth ast , zyra dr ayn Cvrt , ayn qvh dr rastay vXayf qanvny v
rvzmrh Kvd Hrkt nmvdh ast .
ama dr knar ayn bHc AnGh Cday mKalfan ra bh avj rsanydh nSanh hayy
ast kh dal br syasy bvdn ayn bazdaSt tlqy mySvd v An brKvrd Gndganh
qvh qxayyh dr ayn zmynh ast . brKy myprsnd Gra enaCr jnaH rast dr
merx Gnyn bazdaSthayy qrar ngrfth and v agr qanvny dr kar ast Gra
Smvl An tnha damn frd ya afrad mntsb bh yk jnaH syasy ra br mygyrd .
ayn daeyh vqty qvt mygyrd kh TrH knndgan ayn bHc , qvh qxayyh ra
hvadar jnaH rast tlqy myknnd.
dr ayn myan tHlyl rsanh hay jmey Karjy az AQaz dvrh tazh ay az jng
qdrt dr ayran Kbr mydhnd , jngy kh bh aetqad brKy Agahan , klyd An ba
nvaKth Sdn yk syly brgvnh yky az nmayndgan hvadar dvlt dr mjls dr
asfnd mah sal gZSth zdh Sd . ama QlamHsyn krbasGy Gra ta ayn andazh
bray dvlt ahmyt dard ? bh hr Hal ahmyt krbasGy bray dvlt hr Gh baSd ,
bray jnaH rast ahmyt vy az Hmayt qaTe v hmh janbh aS az grvh
kargzaran dr jryan antKabat mjls pnjm v nyz Hmayt vy az syd mHmd
Katmy dr antKabat ryast jmhvry naSy mySvd v az ayn rv grvhy metqdnd
AnGh bh envan aKtlas ya sviastfadh bh Shrdar thran nsbt dadh mySvd ,
dr vhlh nKst kmkhayy bvdh ast kh vy vasTh jme Avry An bray jnaH
kargzaran dr jryan antKabat mjls v bray syd mHmd Katmy dr antKabat
ryast jmhvry bvdh ast v dr vhlh dvm naSy az saz v kar mdyryty vy kh
Hrkt br fraz qanvn ra dr SrayT nbvd qvanyn mnasb trjyH mydad.
hmGnyn Agahan syasy bh nkth ay baryk aSarh darnd v mygvynd , qanvn
gryzy dr kSvrhay jhan svm , saz v kary bray tshyl jryan amvr bvyJh dr
bdnh ajrayy dvlt ast v asasa az by rmqy qanvn srGSmh mygyrd .
dr ayn SrayT saz v karhayy kh qanvnmnd nystnd v aQlb jay svi astfadh
hayy ra baz mygZarnd , jay nbvd ayn qvanyn ra mygyrnd kh dr Cvrt HZf
Anha , GrKh amvr az kar baz my aystd .
ayn dsth rkvd kaml fealythay emrany bvyJh dr fealythay mrbvT bh emran
Shry dr Gndyn mah gZSth ra naSy TrH naghany bHc crvthay badAvrdh
mydannd .
az svy dygr krbasGy bh envan enCry brjsth dr jnaH kargzaran , yk pay
dvlt Katmy ra tSkyl mydhd kh sybl cabt mnasby bray txeyf dvlt vy
bSmar myrvd , Gra kh aystadn br rvy tnha yk pa ! kar dSvar ast .
dr myan emvm mrdm v bvyJh bazar thran kh bCvrt jdy ayn qxyh ra dnbal
myknnd , ayn bavr byStr mHsvs mynmayd kh krbasGy Hdakcr byS az Gnd
rvz dr zndan bsr nKvahd brd . az ayn rv Xhr dyrvz Sayeaty mbny br
Azady krbasGy dr bazar thran bh gvS rsyd .
ayn bavr byStr az ayn vaqeyt naSy mySvd kh mrdm Hamy vaqey krbasGy ra
ely akbr haSmy rfsnjany , ryys mjme tSKyC mClHt nXam mydannd v ayn
Hrkt jnaH rast ra afzvn br txeyf dvlt Katmy , nvey jdal ba haSmy
rfsnjany tlqy myknnd .
ama nSanh hayy ASkar bh GSm myKvrd mbny br aynkh qvh qxayyh mCmm ast
ayn qxyh ra ta AKr bKvand . Gra kh TrH athamaty Gnyn bzrg bray yk exv
hyat dvlt kh mHmd yzdy ryys qvh qxayyh prvndh tKlf sazman mtbve vy ra
mly Kvandh ast , jay hrgvnh kvtah Amdn ra bray qvh qxayyh bsth ast v
eqb nSyny qvh qxayyh afzvn br ayjad abhamy emyq dr aZhan emvmy , nSan
az nvey srSkstgy bray jnaH rast Kvahd bvd .
bh nXr myrsd msyry kh qvh qxayyh brgzydh ast , yk Trfh ast . agr bHc
Srve mjdd nzae br sr qdrt syasy ra dr ayran bpZyrym , aqtdar ayn qdrt
ra bayd dr qvay sh ganh kSvr jst v jv krd . dstgyry Shrdar thran Kbr
az Sdt grftn ayn nzae mydhd kh dr Ayndh br Hdt v damnh An afzvdh
Kvahd Sd . az ayn rv mmkn ast Sahd mvard mSabhy dr rvzhay Ayndh baSym
bh nXr myrsd GnanGh ayn nzae tvsT nyrvy syasy brtr mtvqf nSvd , Ayndh
ArayS nyrvhay syasy dr ayran bh yk dgrgvny asasy tn Kvahd dad .
bh envan mcal yky az antKabhay jnaH mvrd Hmlh qrar grfth Sayd
ASkarsazy svi astfadh hayy baSd kh Anan mdey and dr arganha v bKShay
aqtCady mntsb bh Tyf rast Cvrt grfth ast .
nkth Xryf dygry kh tHlyl gran msayl Karjy ayran br An aCrar darnd ,
az aysn vaqeyt nSat mygyrd kh bh Hrbh aCly jnaH Katmy , mSklat
aqtCady dvlt ryys jmhvr ast kh vy bh nvey , byStr nqS vars ayn mSklat
ra bh ehdh dard .
Anan dr ayn mvrd bh nSanh hayy jdy az tlaS bray bhbvd rabTh ba Amryka
aSarh darnd v sKnrany aKyr eTaallh mhajrany dr svid v nyz Srkt mHm
hady nJad Hsynyan nmayndh daimy ayran dr sazman mll dr smpvzyvmy ASty
jvyanh dr lvs Anjls ra pyS mykSnd .
dr tHlyl Anan , rabTh ay qabl qbvl ba Amryka , nKst prstyJy syasy v
mvqeyt mhmy bray Katmy bSmar Kvahd Amd v az svy dygr az bar mSklat
aqtCady dvlt btdryj Kvahd kast . bnabr ayn dstgyry yk exv srSnas dvlt
Katmy , mytvand nvey nmayS aqtdar bray arayh tCvyry az dst brtr dr
ayran ra bdhd.


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 23:28:46 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: jAmeEe: dvlt: krbasGy bayd hrGh sryetr Azad Svd

dvSnbh 71 frvrdyn, sal avl, Smarh 63

dvlt: krbasGy bayd hrGh sryetr Azad Svd
grvh syasy

hyat dvlt ps az saet bHc bh atfaq Arai dstgyry QlamHsyn krbasGy
Shrdar thran ra mHkvm krd v Kvastar Azady hrGh sryetr vy Sd.
br asas ayn gzarS sKngvy dvlt tasf v tacr Sdyd dvlt syd mHmd Katmy ra
az dstgyry krbasGy aelam krd v gft kh dvlt mqrr krdh ta karnamh
drKSan krbasGy Shrdar thran az svy vzart kSvr tnXym v antSar yabd .
eTaallh mhajrany sKngvy dvlt afzvd : dr hr Hal mmlt ayran davr nhayy
karnamh krbasGy Kvahd bvd .
vy gft : dvlt hmmGnyn mqrr krd mbaHc mfCl hyat dvlt dr ayn jlsh )
dySb ( bh astHxar mqamm rhbry rsandh Svd.
mhajrany gft : Aqayan SvStry vzyr dadgstry v mvsvy lary meavn Hqvqy
ryys jmhvr az svy dvlt mvXf Sdnd msalh bazdaSt Aqay krbasGy ra
pygyry knnd v krbasGy hmGnan Shrdar mqtdr thran ast .
sKngvy dvlt axafh krd , qvh qxayyh bayd SrayT ra bray adamh kar
Shrdar frahm Avrd.
dr payan jlsh hyat dvlt gfth Sd kh Cdvr Hkm mvqt dr mvrd krbasGy mvrd
ayrad Hqvqdanan dvlt qrar grft .


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 23:31:50 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: jAmeEe: alzamat v tbeat dstgyry Shrdar thran

alzamat v tbeat dstgyry Shrdar thran

GalSy kh myan qvh qxayyh v Shrdary thran , blafaClh ps az pyrvzy syd
mHmd Katmy dr antKabat ayjad Sdh bvd , dr nhayt bh dstgyry QlamHsyn
krbasGy , Shrdar thran mnjr Sd . brKy az naXran syasy dr rvzhay
payany sal br ayn eqydh bvdnd kh aXharat Shrdaran dstgyr Sdh dr mvrd
rftarhay Qyr qanvny dstgah qxayy , nvey hmavrdTlby ast kh aHtmala ba
vaknS Sdydy az svy qvh qxayyh mvajh Kvahd Sd . ba tvjh bh aynkh dr
hman ayam amkan KdaHafXy mHmd yzdy riys qvh qxayyh afzayS yafth v
aySan Hty dr jlsh kanvn vkla nyz az afrad KdaHafXy krdh bvdnd . lZa
aHtmal dadh mySd kh dr hman ayam teTylat sal nv , Shrdar thran dstgyr
Svd , bvyJh Ankh ba tvjh bh edm antSar mTbveat dr ayam nvrvz , Kbr
mZbvr ta dv hfth bh Tvr jdy dr sTH ajtmae mTrH nmySd . gSayS mrkz
frhngy glstan ba Hxvr ryys jmhvr v Aqay krbasGy dr rvzhay payany sal
v tqdyr Aqay Katmy az aySan qvt Sayeh ha ra kahS dad v ayn naXran
gman krdnd kh aHtmala ba pa dr myany Aqay Katmy mvxve fyClh yafth ast
. ama dstgyry Aqay krbasGy dr AQaz kar mdars , mTbveat v danSgahha ,
nSan dhndh An ast kh qvh qxayyh , ba ngahy jdy bh mvxve , qCd sazS v
mCalHh dr mvrd vy ra ndard . alzamat v tbeat ayn aqdam bh gvnh ay ast
kh mytvan frx krd , nhad qvh qxayyh ba taml dr Anha v Agahy az ntayj
kar Kvd bh ayn aqdam mbadrt vrzydh ast .
az Anja kh dr Hkm dstgyry , bh msivlyt qanvny Shrdar dr zmynh aqdamat
Shrdaran mnaTq aSarh Sdh ast , alzam Tbyey v Hqvqy ayn amr An ast kh
dadgah mybayd Aqay haSmy rfsnjany , ryys jmhvr sabq v Aqay bSarty
vzyr pySyn kSvr ra nyz bray aday tvxyHat bh dadgah fra Kvand , zyra
hmangvnh kh dr gZSth nyz Aqay krbasGy barha aSarh krdh ast , vy akcr
karhay Kvd ra ba tayyd mqamhay yad Sdh anjam dadh ast . afzvn br ayn
dr jryan mHakmat meavn maly v adary Shrdary thran , prdaKt mbalQy bh
Aqay ely haSmy , psr emvy Aqay rfsnjany v ryys tvlydat Srkt nft ayran
mTrH grdyd , vly bray aday tvxyH v Shadt bh dadgah fraKvandh nSd kh
ayn nyz bh nvbh Kvd bHc brangyz ast .
az alzamat dygr Gnyn aqdamy , reayt edalt v tsavy dr brKvrd ba msail
mSabhy ast kh nhadhay dygr az jmlh dr qvh qxayyh rK dadh ast . bh
envan mcal dr jryan mHakmat bradran afraSth dr sal gZSth , nambrdgan
bTvr CryH aetraf krdnd kh bh mjtme qxayy Smyran rSvh prdaKt krdh and
v ya klantry mnTqh Smyran ra ba pvl Krydary krdh and kh ayn aetrafat
dr mTbveat nyz bh Gap rsyd v svalaty ra dr afkar emvmy brangyKt .
bnabr ayn rsydgy bh fsad dr drvn qvh qxayyh kh bh aqrar CryH ayn
mthman Cvrt grft , az hr kary xrvry tr ast , zyra agr dstgahy Kvd
amkan Alvdgy daSth baSd , nmytvand aetmad emvmy ra jlb knd.
dr hmyn GarGvb , svalaty dr mvrd Hxvr ryys qvh qxayyh dr hyat amnay
bnyad faTmyh , kh kh malkyt karKanh lastyk sazy dna ) bryjstvn sabq (
ra br ehdh dard nyz mTrH ast . gfth mySvd karKanh mzbvr bh qymty
bsyar payyn tr az qymt vaqey An , bh bnyad faTmyh frvKth Sdh ast . az
Anja kh karKanh mzbvr , dr Smar medvd karKanh hay svdAvr sazman Cnaye
bvdh ast , kargran v karknan An nyz dr Gnd mvrd ba Cdvr aelamyh hayy
bh ayn aqdam metrx bvdh and v tKlfat dygr Anha ra az jmlh amtnae az
frvS sham bh kargran , v tqsym pvlhay hngft myan aexay hyat mdyrh v
... bh mqamat , az jmlh ryys qvh qxayyh , mTrH krdh and vly dr ayn
mvard hyGgvnh rsydgy bh eml nyamdh ast . rsydgy bh ayn qbyl mvard kh
bh nvey bh aexay qvh qxayyh mrbvT mySvd , az reayt edalt v byTrfy qvh
qxayyh Hkayt myknd .
afzvn br hmh aynha , dstgyry Aqay krbasGy aHtmala mytvand bh brpayy
bHrany dr kabynh Aqay Katmy mnjr mySvd . bdyn mena kh bexy az aexay
kabynh mannd mhajrany , nvry v nvrbKS kh hmannd Aqay krbasGy az aexay
kargzaran sazndgy hstnd vm mmkn ast -Gnankh qbla KaTr nSan saKth and-
dr aetrax bh ayn aqdam az smthay Kvd astefa knnd . hmGnyn afkar emvmy
mmkn ast ayn aqdam ra bh mnzlh tlaShayy bray txeyf Hakmyt v dvlt Aqay
Katmy tfsyr knd kh Tbyey ast . rftar byTrfanh qvh qxayyh dr rsydgy bh
tKlfat Kvd qvh v nyz afrad vabsth bh
jnaHhay dygr mytvand ayn abhamat ra brTrf sazd .


Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 23:37:09 +0200
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: jAmeEe: syast skvt

syd abrahym nbvy

* dr rastay Hmayt az Azady Shrdar thran , syd mHmd Katmy ryys jmhvr
az yazdh mhdkvdk v Sanzdh bazarGh ktab bazdyd nmvd .
* hmGnyn Aqay ely akbr haSmy rfsnjany kh QlamHsyn krbasGy AKryn sfr
qbl az bazdaSt Kvd ra ba hyat hmrah vy bvdh ast , Ty sKnany az zHmat
KvdS v sayr kargzaran nXam ) Qyr az Shrdar tazh grftar Sdh ( qdrdany
krd v gft : ma aynym .
* syd eTaallh mhajrany sKngvy dvlt nyz Ty aXharat SdydallHny dr dfae
az Shrdar thran aXhar daSt nvysndgan mTbveat nbayd bh hyG vjh az hyG
Gyz btrsnd v aelam krd kh fqT Shrdaran Hq trsydn darnd.
* vzyr kSvr nyz dr brKvrd bsyar Sdydy aXhar daSt kh QlamHsyn krbasGy
dstgyr Sdh ast.
* dr rastay Hmayt az Shrdar thran ) gl Aqa ( nyz aXhar daSt : Shrdar
hm bvd , hmyn QlamHsyn krbasGy , hr Gh ma Kvastym elyh aS ggftym ,
vly baz hm az ma Hmayt krd . pdr Amrzydh mcl vltr bvd .
* brKy az msivlan trsnak ]...[ nyz dr rastay Hmayt knndgan az Shrdar
thran aXhar daStnd kh hr ks az krbasGy Hmayt knd qTea az aKtlas
knndgan v darndgan rvabT na mSrve mHsvb Kvahd Sd .
* vzyr aTlaeat nyz dr hmyn rasta aXhar daSt : ma hyG aTlaey ndarym ,
ayn qxaya mHrmanh ast v ma dr jryan nystym .
* rvznamh syd Kndan hmGnyn aelam krd : tmam aray antKabat dvm Krdad
bCvrt tqlby tvsT Shrdar aKtlas Sdh bvd v hmGnyn Kvastar brgzary mjdd
antKabat ryys jmhvr Sd.
* hmGnyn jnaHhay syasy Trfdar krbasGy aelam krdnd kh bray aetrax bh
ayn aqdam yk sal skvt Kvahnd krd ta mSt mHkmy bh dhan mKalfan Kvd
bznnd .


Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 01:13:20 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: iran-leader-communique

thr 001
islamic revolution leader summons three branches of government
tehran, april 9, irna -- the office of the leader of the islamic
revolution and supreme religious jurisprudent, grand ayatollah
seyyed ali khamenei issued a communique summoning the heads of the
three branches of the government, the executive, the legislative
and the judiciary here wednesday night.
the three branches were summoned to exchange views on the issue
of the mayor of tehran, gholamhossein karbaschi.
also present at this meeting was the head of expediecy council,
ayatollah akbar hashemi rafsanjani. at this meeting, the leader
exchanged views with the heads of three branches on the issue of the
pending investigation of the mayor.
the leader then asked the heads of the executive and judiciary
branches to coordinate fully in matters related to the file and that
the two sides needed to fully observe laws of the nation and justice
and submit a full report in this regard with immediacy to the leader.
the three branches are expected to meet in one of the evenings
to comply with with the instructions of the leader of islamic
revolution, ayatollah khamenei.
the mayor of tehran, gholamhossein karbaschi was temporary
detained by tehran district court judge, branch 29 under
article 5, section 5 of the embazzlement law passed in 1387 on
april 4, 1998.
::irna 09/04/98 00:29


Date: Tue, 7 Apr 1998 22:42:58 -0400
From: Rahim Bajoghli <rbajoghli@JUNO.COM>
Subject: Congressional Record: A Proclamation Congratulating the Iranian
Wrestling Tean

Archive-Name: gov/us/fed/congress/record/1998/apr/02/1998CRE575C
[Congressional Record: April 2, 1998 (Extensions)][Page E575-E576]
>From the Congressional Record Online via GPO Access

of ohio
in the house of representatives
Wednesday, April 1, 1998

Mr. NEY. Mr. Speaker, I commend the following article to my
colleagues: [[Page E576]]

Whereas, Iran has announced its twenty-one member delegation, which
includes eleven wrestlers that will compete at the 1998 World Cup of
Freestyle Wrestling on the Campus of Oklahoma State University in
Stillwater on April 4-5, 1998; and, Whereas, this annual freestyle dual
meet championships is behind only the World Championships and Olympics in
importance; and, Whereas, the Iranian lineup includes Gholam Reza
Mohammadi, Bahman
Tayebi-Kermani, Ali Reza Dabier, Abbas Haji Kenari, Massoud jamshidi,
Majied Khodaee, P. Dorostkar, Ali Reza Heydari, Davoud Ghanbari, Abbas
Jadidi, and Ali Reza Rezaie; and, Whereas, the tournament marks Iran's
first competition in the United States since the 1996 Olympic Games; and,
Whereas, in February, the United States participated in the Takhti Cup
wrestling tournament in Iran, the first U.S. team of any sport to compete
in Iran in almost twenty years; and, Whereas, I join the citizens of
Southeastern Ohio, with distinct please, in honoring the Iranian
wrestling team for their participation in the 1998 World Cup of Freestyle
Wrestling in Stillwater, Oklahoma.

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Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 21:44:58 -0400
From: Rahim Bajoghli <rbajoghli@JUNO.COM>
Subject: US-Iran relations: State dept. daily press briefing on 4/8/98

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 8, 1998 12:40 P.M.

QUESTION: Jamie, is there any update on the Iranian wrestlers here - any
further contacts?

MR. RUBIN: Yes. We wanted to make clear the wrestlers were welcome guests
in our country and discussed with them the possibility of an informal
get-together with Health and Human Services Secretary Shalala, who served
in Iran as a Peace Corps volunteer. Their scheduling made this
impossible, but they made clear they appreciated the gesture.

We understand the visit went very well, and that the Iranian wrestling
team was very pleased by the hospitality shown them. They departed
Washington today, after spending a couple of
days visiting the city.

For the Iranians' departure, we worked closely with airline and other
officials to ensure smooth completion of departure procedures. And as you
know, the Secretary asked the Department to look into the appropriateness
of existing procedures in the case of such a visit. We intend to work
with other agencies to ensure that the US law is implemented in such a
way as to reflect our sense of hospitality and our support for

QUESTION: Was there any attempt by anyone at the State Department to meet
with them, or on their part to meet with us?

MR. RUBIN: I think the idea was, given who they were, that Donna Shalala
was the right person; but it couldn't be scheduled.

QUESTION: On Iran, has the State Department made a determination on
whether they should remain on the list of states that sponsor terrorism?

MR. RUBIN: There is no reason to believe that Iran will be removed from
the list as part of this reporting process. But I would remind you that
the report that's due at the end of the month is not the sole criterion
for whether you're on the terrorism list. It's not the sole vehicle by
which countries are placed on or removed from the list. The report
discusses evidence that countries on the list have sponsored terrorism
during the calendar year in question. The terrorism list is a result of
US statutes, including Section VI J of the Export Administration Act. So
we formally review the terrorism list, so to speak, at the beginning of
each year; and it shouldn't be assumed that this report is the conclusion
of what we have said were encouraging signs from the Iranian President
and Foreign Minister.

QUESTION: I had a question, too, regarding issuing visas in Slovakia. Do
you have anything about this?

MR. RUBIN: Yes, I think we answered it as best we could. I hope it was
made available to you. Obviously, we can't talk about any specific cases.
I think it's fair to point out that we've given thousands of visas to
Slovaks coming to the United States. There is no such thing as a
humanitarian visa.

We can't comment on any specific cases, except to say they're adjudicated
on their own merits, and that consular officers do everything possible
within the constraints of law to accommodate applicants who have
compelling needs to travel. But the burden of proof is on the traveler,
not on the consular officer, in these cases. They can re-apply if they're
denied a visa, pursuant to Section 214B of the Immigration and
Naturalization Act.

QUESTION: What's the US' reaction to the massive POW exchange between the
Iraqis and Iranians?

MR. RUBIN: Well, I don't have an official reaction. Obviously, to the
extent that prisoners are released from prison so long after a tragic
war, that's a good thing.

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Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 10:27:50 -0400
From: Rahim Bajoghli <rbajoghli@JUNO.COM>
Subject: Congressional Record: Regarding Iran

Archive-Name: gov/us/fed/congress/record/1998/apr/02/1998CRE573
[Congressional Record: April 2, 1998 (Extensions)][Page E573]
>From the Congressional Record Online via GPO Access

of ohio
in the house of representatives
Wednesday, April 1, 1998

Mr. NEY. Mr. Speaker, on March 29, 1998, the Iranian government was
quoted in considering the proposal to set up an American office at the
Swiss embassy. The office would be held by an official from the U.S.
Information Agency. In light of this possible ease of tension between the
U.S. and Iran, I would like to submit an article from the Middle
East Insight regarding the Iranian President Mohammad Khatami and the
United States.

Iran: The Inadequacy of Labels
(By George A. Nader)

This past December, I had the opportunity to attend and observe
first-hand the 52-nation Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)
summit in Tehran. The summit clearly demonstrated both the failure of
U.S. efforts to isolate Iran and the emergence of a strong and popular
political leader.

Iranian President Mohammad Khatami has not only emerged as a
significant force within his own country but has inherited the leadership
of the OIC--which represents the world's 1.2 billion Muslims--for the
next three years. This is another indication that Iran--whether the
United States is ready for it or not--has positioned itself as a leader
of the Islamic world into the new millennium.

The election of President Khatami in May 1997 was facilitated by a
70-percent landslide comprised in large part of the middle class, women,
and young voters (half of Iran's 60-million population were not even born
at the time of the Shah's overthrow in 1979). Notably, among Khatami's
supporters was the group that took over the U.S. Embassy in November 1979
and held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days.

One dramatic change clearly evident at the OIC summit was the absence of
the old banners touting ``Death to America''. Instead, foreign visitors
were warmly welcomed. When Iranians became aware that I had come from the
United States to observe the summit, they responded positively and with
great enthusiasm. Though some of the old rhetoric remains, it is fading,
and few among the population take it seriously.

Unfortunately, the dialogue among Western media analysts, political
pundits and other so-called experts--both preceding and following the OIC
summit--regarding the new status of President Khatami has been simplistic
and misleading. The notion that we are currently witnessing a `struggle
for the soul of Iran' or that `moderates and conservatives' are battling
for supremacy in Iranian political circles fails to recognize the complex
interplay between various personalities and factions within Iranian
society. The question posed in the West of whether the moderates or
radicals are now on top assumes a paradigm of political dynamics in Iran
which is simply false. Iranian political culture today is more subtle,
multi-faceted and intricately interwoven than many seem to realize. When
asked in a January 6, 1998, CNN interview about the supposed factions in
Iran, President Khatami responded
that ``terms such as conservative, moderate and the like are more often
meaningful in the West.''

Khatami enjoys the full blessing of both Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali
Khamenei and former President Hashemi Rafsanjani. All three get along
well, and their congenial relationship was obvious during the OIC summit.
Both Khatami and Khamenei are clerics and descendants of the Prophet, and
wish to strengthen the country's Islamic system of government. Their
respective families are close. In fact, as a religious student in Mashad,
Khamenei became a disciple of Khatami's father who was a highly respected

Similarly, both Khatami and Khamenei are products of Iranian society and
were educated exclusively in Iran; Khatami studied religion in Qom and
philosophy in Isfahan.

President Khatami's perceived overtures to the United States have been
mistakenly contrasted with comments by Khamenei. Khatami has prompted
much speculation concerning Iranian relations with the United States
during both his December press conference after the OIC summit in which
referred to a ``thoughtful dialogue with the American people'' and his
January 6 CNN interview in which he called for cultural exchanges between
the two countries. After his
December press conference, Khamenei--who has opposed any improvement in
U.S.-Iranian bilateral relations--expressed
satisfaction with Khatami's address.

When Khatami says he wants dialogue with the United States, he means with
the American people and not the government. When Khamenei says that
America is bad, he means the government and not the people. We in the
West are looking for dichotomy and division. But both Khatami and
Khamenei have said that none of their comments contradicts the other's.

Khatami proposes cultural exchange as a means of building bridges between
civilizations, but has ruled out--at least for now--any direct dialogue
with the U.S. government and stated that there is no need for political
ties. Equally important, Khatami has never called into question the core
belief of the Iranian political system that the supreme spiritual leader
should be selected by a group of clerics-- and not ``elected by the
people''--to be the representative of God in the temporal order.

The Islamic Revolution has reached an advanced phase in its
development. In this stage, much consideration is being given to defining
Iran's relationship with the Arab world and the West. This is a new
beginning for Iran and thus it may not be very helpful to take its
ideological pulse too quickly or frequently. It may also be helpful to
remember that, while the Islamic Revolution dates back only 19 years, its
Persian underpinnings stretch back to the dawn of civilization.

In 1992, in an earlier stage of the Revolution, Khatami was driven from
his position as minister of culture because he relaxed press and media
censorship rules. In 1997, these same forces supported his candidacy for
president. Khatami's agenda did not change in the intervening years, but
the Islamic Revolution did progress. This is also demonstrated by the
fact that his entire government was endorsed by the Islamic
establishment--a virtually unprecedented phenomenon.

Iran's revolution has moved into a more advanced stage, with multiple
forces coexisting within a common framework. Acknowledging this reality
is important for the opening of a dialogue between the United States and
Iran. If Washington is sincere in its desire to open up lines of
communication, then the Clinton administration must reach out to the
whole political spectrum in Iran and not just to specific elements. This
may be a slow and excruciatingly deliberate process, but in the end it is
the only one that can bear fruit.

There are two things Washington can do to move this process forward.
First, it can tone down its belligerent rhetoric (as
President Clinton has recently begun to do); harsh rhetoric only tends to
alienate. In addition, the United States should revisit the issue of
frozen Iranian assets seized after the 1979 American Embassy takeover.
This may make it easier for the Iranians to address U.S. concerns
regarding weapons of mass destruction and support for international

The United States may be the only remaining superpower, but it still must
be very careful when dealing with Iran. Western ideological
paradigms, on which we rely so heavily to understand political dynamics
overseas, are predated by 4,000 years of Persian culture. The application
of superficial political labels will neither illuminate nor elucidate
Iran's complex decision-making matrix.

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Date: Tue, 7 Apr 1998 22:40:28 -0400
From: Rahim Bajoghli <rbajoghli@JUNO.COM>
Subject: US-Iran relations: State dept. daily press briefing on 4/6/98

MONDAY, APRIL 6, 1998 1:15 P.M.

MR. FOLEY: Welcome to the State Department.....

QUESTION: Another subject - the Iranian wrestlers, who apparently were
fingerprinted and otherwise, in their view mistreated when they arrived.
That's not the usual way people are treated when they arrive in the
United States. Any comment?

MR. FOLEY: Yes, I would like to stress first and foremost the fact that
the Iranian wrestlers are, indeed, welcome visitors in the United States.
We have welcomed - the President has and Secretary Albright has welcomed
the Iranian offer first put forward by President Khatemi some months ago,
to encourage people-to-people visits and exchanges of Iranian and
American citizens. We continue to support this idea both in terms of
visits of Americans to Iran and visits of Iranians of this nature to the
United States. So in spite of what may have happened at their arrival in
Chicago, this should not in any way be interpreted as a lessening of our
commitment to facilitating these exchanges and this dialogue at that sort
of level.

I believe that Secretary Albright spoke to this in Trinidad in the last
hour, and I don't have a direct quotation so I risk somewhat in trying to
paraphrase. But she said something along the lines that in view of the
fact that we have welcomed such exchanges, what happened cannot be
interpreted as very welcoming. We will,
therefore, be discussing with the Justice Department the procedures that
exist and that were implemented in accordance with existing regulations.
But we'll be looking at these procedures as they apply to future visits
of this type.

I can give you more details on what was involved.

QUESTION: No, I'm all confused. Are you saying that an Iranian who visits
the US usually is treated this way, but in some sense nobody got the word
to Chicago that these folks shouldn't have been treated that way?

MR. FOLEY: Existing procedures were followed, and I can tell you what
those are, having checked with the Immigration and Naturalization
Service. There was a notice that was published in the Federal Register on
September 5, 1996, and it states that individuals from certain countries,
including Iran, who are not
government officials and who enter the US as non-immigrants - what we
call non-immigrants, meaning tourists or temporary visitors - that such
visitors would be fingerprinted and photographed when applying for
admission at a port of entry.

So that's the existing procedure, and I'm told that it is applied
uniformly except if you're an Iranian Government official or if you are
an Iranian national who's also a US permanent legal resident arriving. Of
course, there are many of those who arrive every day. But it is otherwise
generally applied to Iranian
non-immigrant visitors.

But I think that, as the Secretary indicated, we are going to take a look
at this. We have welcomed such visits, and we think it's worth looking
into whether we can apply appropriate procedures in the context of visits
of this nature that we have welcomed.

QUESTION: Are you changing the policy for all Iranians, or these kinds of

MR. FOLEY: Well, we're only talking at this point - after all, nobody has
made a mistake here.


MR. FOLEY: People were implementing existing regulations. I'm not
suggesting that we're going to change or seek to change the regulations;
they are founded in policy. However, in the context of visits, though, of
this nature of exchanges of the type that we have encouraged and that the
Iranians have encouraged, we want
to make sure that the procedures that are applied are appropriate to such

QUESTION: Have you received a protest from the Iranians?

MR. FOLEY: Not to my knowledge, but of course we have seen, as you have,
comments in the press or on the wires, coming out of Tehran.

QUESTION: This doesn't occur in a vacuum. Obviously, there was the
much-publicized visit of the American wrestlers to Tehran, and there have
been a lot of public statements by the State Department
welcoming, we want to facilitate visas and visits and what not. I mean,
when you say those things publicly, had you not discussed this issue with
the Justice Department before this, to make sure so that the people on
the ground in fact knew that there was a change of attitude by the US
Government and that there were cases
that were going to be looked at soon?

MR. FOLEY: Well, I'm saying I certainly can confirm that there's a change
in attitude in so far as the United States Government is welcoming visits
of that type. That doesn't change the existence of regulations, which
have been on the books for at least a couple years now.

We were aware of the visit of the wrestling team, and I believe some
efforts were made to help facilitate their visa issuance. As you know, in
view of the fact that we don't have diplomatic facilities in Iran,
Iranian visitors must apply for US visas at installations outside of
Iran, and that's a complicating factor and it can cause time delays in
the issuance of visas. So we did make an effort - I believe they applied
in Frankfurt to ensure that those visas could be issued rapidly.

But whether we could have done something to change the procedures even
knowing about their imminent arrival and had we known that they would be
applied in this case, I'm not sure would have been possible. The fact is,
the regulations exist. What we're saying today is we're going to take a
look at them in terms of making
sure that visitors who come here in the context of the kinds of exchanges
that both governments are welcoming, could be handled in an appropriate

QUESTION: Citizens of what type of countries are required to undergo that
sort of --

MR. FOLEY: I believe that Iraq, Libya and Sudan are the other countries
that are - whose nationals are treated in this way.

QUESTION: And what is it about those three countries that causes you to

MR. FOLEY: I'd have to refer you to the Immigration and Naturalization
Service for the details of the rationale, but it has to do with security
considerations, though.

QUESTION: The Iranians have expressed frustration, government officials
there, over the way the wrestlers were treated. I know you say the US
welcomes future contacts between --

MR. FOLEY: Well, I'd like to add, not only do we welcome it, but I
understand they received a very warm American welcome during the
wrestling matches that they participated in.

QUESTION: In light of their frustration in what did occur, you can't just
dismiss that. Do you think that this

MR. FOLEY: I'm told also they were treated courteously, that there was an
attempt to handle their arrival as expeditiously and, indeed, as
courteously as possible.

QUESTION: But does this in any way throw a road block in the warming
contacts or the warming relations between the US and Iran that we've seen
of late? Do you think this is any way throwing a wrench into the

MR. FOLEY: I think if I were not standing here today and if Secretary
Albright in Trinidad today were not expressing our view that we ought to
take another look at existing procedures to see how they might be applied
in a way appropriate to such visits, that in the absence of such
declarations, then this event might be
misinterpreted in the way that you describe.

But I think I'm making clear that no harm was intended and that we truly
welcome the Iranian wrestlers. I believe there's even possibility that
they might be coming back to the United States for another such
competition in the months ahead. I don't know that that has been
confirmed, but we certainly welcome future
such visits.

QUESTION: On the same subject, the four countries you listed - Iraq,
Libya, Sudan and Iran - are all on the support of terrorist list.


QUESTION: But they're not the only countries on that list.

MR. FOLEY: That's right.

QUESTION: How about the others?

MR. FOLEY: I have to refer you to the INS for the explanation of the


QUESTION: I presume, then, that you would probably say, or be interested
in what you would say about whether last week's revision of the Iranian
travel warning was neither politically motivated, nor should be
politically interpreted.

MR. FOLEY: Sure.

QUESTION: You would say that?

MR. FOLEY: Oh, yes, definitely, yes. We can get into that, if you want,
but we made that clear at the time. I mean, there has been a change in
the situation in Iran. We still have a travel warning in effect, but some
of that language, we believe, was dated language, in view of the open
welcoming, official welcoming of American visitors to Iran and also the
nature of the reception they've been receiving there.

QUESTION: Dated quite a long time ago.


QUESTION: I mean, it wasn't anything that happened last week, that I'm
aware of anyway, that --

MR. FOLEY: Well, the change in rhetoric from the government of Iran is of
fairly recent vintage.


QUESTION: -- pay less attention to The New York Times is The Washington
Times, which has an interview this morning with one of the many Saudi
princes, but apparently one of some standing, who encourages the United
States to move quicker toward dialogue with Iran, take Iran up on what
this Saudi, at least - and I gather he's freelancing - what this Saudi,
at least, sees as a warming trend. Have the Gulf gurus here had a chance
to look at that and perhaps have an opinion? It sounds pretty much like
what US policy is, but if there's a nuance there, I'd be happy to have
you jump on it.

MR. FOLEY: I've not seen that particular article today, although I do
read the newspapers on Monday, indeed.

QUESTION: Page one?


QUESTION: Okay, I just wondered.

MR. FOLEY: Is there any pride of authorship in it?

QUESTION: No, no, it was the Washington Times, which often breaks new
ground, may have again this time.

MR. FOLEY: We've noted with interest growing contacts between Iran and
Saudi Arabia. They're both neighbors; we think such contacts are normal.
Saudi Arabia, for its part, is required to fulfill its religious
obligations to host Iranian pilgrims traveling to Mecca and Medina.
There's always been a dialogue between them on a variety of issues. The
advent of a new government in Iran has certainly led to more numerous

We remain in close consultation with the government of Saudi Arabia with
regard to developments in Iran. I think we can speak for ourselves
concerning our own policy towards Iran, which, as you know, is predicated
on continuing concern over Iranian behavior in critical areas, but at the
same time predicated on a desire to have an official dialogue and to move
towards that through unofficial contacts so that we can sit down and
discuss our differences and move the relationship to a different level.

QUESTION: When you were talking about travel before, I was tempted to ask
you, and let me try it now and I'll be brief. Remember when Khatemi began
this overture of the State Department, in the Administration's view was
that you've got to sort out who speaks for Iran, and there may be two
points of view here. Has it
reached the point where the analysis here is that Khatemi is the
government, and that Americans can safely pick up invitations and go
there? You know where I'm driving. Has the Administration come to some
notion that the people running the government are clearly in charge over
the people - the mosque people?

MR. FOLEY: We still have a travel warning on Iran.


MR. FOLEY: And the language has changed to accord with current realities,
but there still is a travel warning. There are still elements in the
Iranian Government that we believe are hostile to the United States, and
state so openly. There are policies that are still of serious concern to
the United States. But clearly, there have been hopeful political
developments in Iran, and a move incarnated by President Khatemi in his
election to open up the system inside Iran, to open up the country to
integration into the international community. We want to see some of
those changes reflected in Iranian foreign policy, and we're prepared to
sit down and discuss our differences with them.

So I think it is a moving picture, Barry, and it's not one that -- the
process of political change in Iran is ongoing, and I don't think it's

QUESTION: But it's moving in the right direction?

MR. FOLEY: I think it would be imprudent for me to try to give a
scorecard of how it's going. I think you've seen references in the media
over the weekend to ongoing political ferment in Iran. This is clearly
something that continues to sort itself out.

QUESTION: Just to keep the faith, can you tell us where the investigation
over the purloined document stands right now - the seventh floor --

MR. FOLEY: I've not checked in a matter of days in terms of the status of
the investigation. But when we discussed it here for the first time, I
think you were the questioner and it wasn't a weekend, so I was listening
to you. I stated that when we had results, I committed to conveying them
to you.

QUESTION: Okay, and the Dhahran bombing, I take, too, when it's
productive and fruitful and cooperative and you find out who killed the
Americans, you will - we don't have to ask that day, either?

MR. FOLEY: Right, Barry.

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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 7 Apr 1998 to 8 Apr 1998 - Special issue