Date: Apr 11, 1998 [ 0: 0: 2]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 9 Apr 1998 to 10 Apr 1998

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 9 Apr 1998 to 10 Apr 1998
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There are 4 messages totalling 857 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. FW: jnbS danSjvyy: gZSth, Hal v Ayndh (in Gerdsuz) Part I
2. UN Blasts US for Human Rights Violations
3. Iran defends death penalty, stoning as "cultural"
4. ba erf (M. Kar)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 17:57:43 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: FW: jnbS danSjvyy: gZSth, Hal v Ayndh (in Gerdsuz) Part I

jnbS danSjvyy: gZSth, Hal v Ayndh
az tasys daralfnvn ta 1320:
pnjah sal az taryK jnbS danSjvyy ayran hmzman ba pnjah sal slTnt Kandan
phlvy dr ayran bvdh ast; vly emr ayn jnbS ra my tvan ba emr aezam danSjv
tvsT ebas myrza v amyrkbyr bh frngstan jht ksb tKCC ha, mharthay fny v elmy
mll Qrby, v armQan Avrdn danS v fn jdyd artbaT dad. zyra bexy azdrs Kvandh
hay Qrb bh jay vard saKtn danShay fny, elvm ajtmaey ra svQat Avrdnd; mannd
AKvndzadh (bh qvl mhnds mhdy bazrgan) kh by dyny ra bh armQan Avrdh, v
mstSaraldvlh kh ktab òyk klmhå ra tqdym naCraldyn Sah krdh v dr An by qanvny
ra msivl hmh¡ bdbKtyhay kSvr ayran danst. bh ebart dygr, danSjvyan aeyan
zadh ay kh tvsT Hkam Syeh¡ Krafy v mstbd bray ksb fnvn nXamy v Cnety bh
frngstan frstadh Sdh bvdnd dr zman tHCyl tHt tacyr mkatb flsfy v syasy Qrb
qrar grfth, drbarh¡ brtry mTlq frhng v elvm ansany Kvd Sk krdh v andySh hay
dygran ra br afkar snty Kvd trjyH dadnd.
dr sal 1306, rxa Sah, arbab v malk eaqly kh Kvahan Abady, qdrt v crvt mmlkt
ayran bvd; dr zman aezam mHClyn bh arvpa KTab bh danSjvyan gft kh mn Sma ra
bh mmlkty aezam my knm kh daray nXam jmhvry dard vly Sma nbayd nXam syasy
Anha ra bray ma byavryd, blkh Cnet v Adab Anha ra yad bgyryd. vly av nmy
danst kh nmy Svd az afrad Kvast GSm Kvd ra br rvy parh ay mvxveat bsth v
tnha danS KaCy ra yad bgyrd. ba aezam mHClyn bh arvpa, nTfh hay mbarzat
syasy v ajtmaey danSjvyan bray òqanvn, Azady v mbarzh ba dKalt v astylay
Karjyå Skl grft. grvhy Syfth kmvnysm, bexy mftvn elm v danS, v edh ay
dlbsth¡ lybralysm v nasyvnalysm Sdnd.
dr dvran rxa Sah, aetCab danS Amvzan dbyrstan daralfnvn dr aetrax bh afzayS
Shryh (1307), v aetCab danSjvyan danSsray ealy thran dr aetrax bh SrayT
astKdam ps az tHCyl (1314), v aetCab danSjvyan danSjvyan danSkdh fny danSgah
thran dr aetrax bh kmbvd vsayl AzmaySgahy v astad (1315) tnha jryanat
danSjvyy qabl tvjh bvdnd v gvya grvh 53 nfry dktr tqy arany dr pSt majray
danSkdh fny 1315 qrar daSt.
bh aetraf mhnds bazrgan, mbarzat syasy dr dvran phlvy v tasys aHzab v
grvhhay anqlaby tvsT kmvnysthay mlhm az Karj bh jvanan ayrany yad dadh Sd, v
mlyvn v AKvndha dr ayn msail vard nbvdnd.
az 1320 ta 1329:
dr ayn dvrh, fealythay ajtmaey, aem az syasy, hnry v dyny dr jameh v danSgah
kamla Azad v mmkn bvd. anjmnhay aslamy dr danSgahhay mKtlf ayran feal bvdnd
v aHzab mly hm dr vaknS bh fealythay syasy tvdh ay ha dr danSgahha bh CHnh¡
fealyt syasy dr danSgah vard Sdnd. dr ayn dvrh danSjvyan xmn vaknS bh
mSklat aqtCady jameh v hmdrdy ba aqSar mHrvm az nyrvhay mly v Gp gra Hmayt
my krdnd v mhmtryn Hvadc danSjvyy ayn dvrh kh aQlb bh drgyry ba plys mnthy
my Sd ebart bvdnd az :
tXahrat danS Amvzan v danSjvyan dr mydan bharstan dr aetrax bh kmbvd nan
(1321), Hxvr danSjvyan danSkdh Hqvq dr mqabl mnzl dktr mCdq bh nSanh
pStybany az sKnrany mCdq dr mjls (1323), tXahrat danSjvyan danSkdh elvm
danSgah thran (bhmn 1324), aetCab danSjvyan AmvzSgah ealy Shrbany dr artbaT
ba kmbvd Hqvq (asfnd 1324), aetCab Cnfy farQ altHCylan danSsray ealy psran v
pStybany danSjvyan dKtr danSsray ealy az Anha (Aban 1325), aetCab danSjvyan
danSgah thran dr aetrax bh msail AmvzSy v nHvh amtHanat (dy 1325), aetCab
Cnfy danSjvyan tvdh ay dr danSsray ealy (bhmn 1325), rahpymaiy danSjvyan
danSkdh Hqvq dr aetrax bh antKab ebdalHsyn hJyr bh nKst vzyry (Krdad 1327).
az sal 1329 ta 28 mrdad 1332 :
dr ayn dvrh danSjvyan pyStaz Hrkt hay mrdmy dr Hmayt az nhxt mly ayran Hrkt
krdh v tXahrat Shry dr aetrax bh tslT bygangan dr Cnet nft ayran, v bang
Sahy sazman dadnd. dr xmn aetCabhay Cnfy danSjvyy dr danSkdh hay pzSky
thran v tbryz, v danSkdh kSavrzy Syraz Cvrt grft. dr 23 frvrdyn 1330,
aetCab srasry danSjvyy dr hmdrdy ba kargran Cnet nft, v dr 30 tyr 1331
tXahrat Shry dr pStybany az dktr mCdq nmayangr artbaT Agahanh¡ jnbS danSjvyy
ba Hrkthay ajtmaey zHmtkSan v mlyvn bvdnd.
az sal 1332 ta 1339 :
vHSygryhay kvdtaGyan dr rvz 28 mrdad 1332, az qbyl mxrvb v mCdvm krdn
mbarzyn mly, tKryb v Qart dfatr v baSgahhay aHzab mly v jrayd, v az hmh
mhmtr hjvm bh Kanh pySvay mlt, dktr mHmd mCdq, v Qart amval v asnad aySan, v
dstgyry rjal mly jnbS danSjvyy ra dr artbaT tngatng ba nhxt mqavmt mly ayran
qrar dadh v Hrkthay danSjvyy ra bh mbarzat syasy xd kvdta aetla dad. dr ayn
dvrh, fealyn syasy danSgah dr knar bazar, adarat, dbyrstanha, karKanh ha v
Shrstanha dr pvSS nhxt mqavmt mly bh mbarzh ay fragyr br elyh gstrS slTh
Amryka v anglys dr ayran rvy Avrdnd. dr rvz 16 mhr sal 1332, hzaran danSjv
dr danSgah thran v Kyabanhay aTraf dr Hmayt az dktr mCdq v aetrax bh rJym
kvdtagr tXahrat prSvry ra brpa krdh v dr 21 Aban mah hman sal damnh tXahrat
bh bazar thran nyz srayt krd. dr rvz 14 v 15 AZr 1332, danSjvyan danSgah
thran dr aetrax bh jv srkvb v gSayS mjdd sfart anglys dr thran v devt ryGard
nyksvn bh thran, meavn riys jmhvr vqt amryka, bh tXahrat prdaKtnd.
dr rvz 16 AZr, danSjvyan hngam vrvd bh danSgah ba dydn tjhyzat fvq aleadh
srbazan v avxae Qyready aTraf danSgah, nqSh plyd hyit Hakmh ra Hs krdh, v
sey krdnd hyG bhanh ay bh dst bhanh jvyan ndhnd. az ayn rv ba kmal Kvnsrdy v
aHtyaT bh klasha rftnd. ama srbazan bh hjvm bh daKl danSkdh hay pzSky,
darvsazy, Hqvq, elvm v fny bh dstgyry tedad kcyry az danSjvyan v bexy az
asatyd prdaKtnd. dr saet 10 CbH, Gnd nfr az srbazan dsth¡ janbaz hmrah edh¡
zyady srbaz memvly vard yky az klashay 120 nfrh¡ danSkdh¡ fny Sdh v ba Skar
danSjvyan Anha ra az klasha byrvn kSydh v bed az xrb v Stm svar kamyvnhay
nXamy krdnd. bed az dstgyry Gnd danSjv v Krvj srbazan, klas Gvn bmb mnfjr
Sdh v danSjvyy ktab Kvd ra br zmyn zdh v gryh knan fryad zd: ayn Gh klasy
ast? ayn Gh zndgy ast? v az klas Karj Sd. danSjvyan elyrQm aCrar riys v
meavn danSkdh br edm trk danSkdh, bh byrvn az klasha ryKtnd v mdyryt danSkdh
dr aetrax bh by Hrmty bh klas astad v danSjv zng payan klasha ra bh Cda
drAvrdh v az danSjvyan Kvastnd kh ta aTlae canvy bh Kanh hay Kvd bazgrdnd.
danSjvyan dr mvqe Krvj az danSkdh, Kvd ra dr mHaCrh¡ srbazan dydnd. srbazan
hmGvn KvnKvaran ba srnyzh hay kSydh bh svy danSjvyan Hmlh krdnd. dr ayn
mvqe yky az danSjvyan kh mrg ra jlv GSm Kvd my dyd fryad zd: òdst nXamyan az
danSgah kvtah, drvd br mCdq nKst vzyr qanvnyå. dr ayn hngam, Slyk rgbar
glvlh ha bh svy danSjvyan AQaz Sd v danSjvyan hmzman ba Hml hmklasy hay
mjrvH Kvd fryad òya mrg ya mCdq, zndh bad mCdq, mrg br Sahå vfadary Kvd ra
bh nhxt mly v tnfr Kvd ra az dSmnan mlt v msbbyn kvdta abraz daStnd. dr Ty
fajeh¡ mly ayn rvz, mCTfy bzrg nya, AZr Sryet rxvy v aHmd qndGy bh Shadt
rsydh v dhha nfr zKmy v tedad zyady dstgyr v rvanh¡ zndan Sdnd.
az bed az Xhr 16 AZr, danSjvyan ba pvSydn kravat mSky bh svy mrkz Shr Hrkt
krdnh v Kbr ayn fajeh bh sret dr thran v Shrstanha v Hty kSvrhay Karjy pKS
Sdh, v danSjvyan sayr danSgahha v dygr aqSar mrdm ba danSjvyan danSgah thran
abraz hmdrdy krdnd. Sah ba frstadn mamvrany bray abraz hmdrdy ba qrbanyan
sey dr tbrih¡ Kvd az ayn jnayt daSt. vly tSvyq srbazan dsth¡ janbaz bh pas
kStar danSjvyan prdh az mahyt ayn meZrt Kvahy Sahanh brdaSt.
az ayn ps, 16 AZr 1332 bh rvz mqavmt danSjvyan dr brabr artjae vabsth v
srkvbgr tbdyl Sd, v òGgvngy gramydaSt 16 AZr dr myan danSjvyan v Hty dr
jameh, hmvarh myzany bvdh ast bray snjS ayn vaqeyt kh danSjvyan ta Gh andazh
bh vXayf mly v dmvkratyk Kvd pay bndnd v dr rah An my rzmnd v danSgah ta Gh
andazh sngr Azady dr brabr artjae ast. dr dvran Hkvmt Sah, elyrQm hmh kvSS
savak v gard danSgah, nyrvy vyJh ay kh Sah bray srkvb danSjvyan tSkyl dadh v
mstqyma dr danSgahha mstqr krdh bvd, 16 AZr, bh nqTh¡ avj aetrax danSjvyan
elyh dyktatvry v syast xd mly Sah tbdyl Sd. danSjvyan dr aetrax elyh
Kvdsryha v fsad drbar, dr dfae az sazmanhay syasy pySrv, dr aetrax bh kStar
mbarzyn, dr Hmayt az zndanyan syasy, dr pStybany az mbarzat kargran v tvdh
hay mrdm, drgyr mbarzh ay hmySgy v daimy bvdnd. dr ayn pykar, danSjvyan
mvrd xrb v Stm qrar grftnd, az danSgah aKraj Sdnd, bh zndan aftadnd v mvrd
Sknjh qrar grftnd, ama prGm 16 AZr ra brafraSth nghdaStnd.å
dr rvz 18 AZr 1332, danSjvyan danSgah thran dr aetrax bh vrvd nyksvn v dr
bzrgdaSt KaTrh Shday danSjv tXahrat krdh, v dr 29 mhr 1332 ba tXahrat Kvd dr
Kyabanhay aTraf danSgah thran bh aneqad qrardad knsrsyvm aetrax krdnd. dr
sal 1334, danSjvyan zyr pvSS astqbal az myhmanan Karjy Srkt knndh dr hzarh
abvely syna dr thran ba pKS aelamyh hay nhxt mqavmt mly ayran bh afSay mahyt
srkvbgr v Qyrqanvny rJym kvdta prdaKtnd. dr sal 1335, xmn Srkt dr myhmany
bzrgy kh tvsT Amrykaiy ha dr hmdrdy ba mrdm mjarstan trtyb dadh Sdh bvd bh
tjavz kSvrhay fransh, anglys v asraiyl bh mCr aetrax krdh v ba mrdm mjarstan
v mCr hmdrdy krdnd. dr 26 dy 1338, danS Amvzan v danSjvyan thran dr aetrax
bh nHvh brgzary amtHanat tXahraty gstrdh trtyb dadnd kh ba dKalt plys Skl
syasy bh Kvd grft.
dr mhr mah 1339, tXahrat danSjvyy dr Hmayt az dktr mCdq v aetrax bh tbeyd
aySan brpa Sdh, v dr 29 dy 1339, mytyng danSjvyy dr mydan jlalyh thran bh
abtkar sazman danSjvyy jbhh mly br elyh rJym kvdtagr brqrar Sd. dr 13 ta 15
bhmn danSjvyan bh tXahrat br elyh antKabat frmaySy dvrh¡ bystm mjls Svray
mly prdaKth, v dr 4 asfnd 1339 danSjvyan danSgah thran br elyh dktr aqbal
tXahrat krdh v maSynS ra AtS zdnd. dr yazdhm asfnd 1339, tXahrat danSjvyy
dr aetrax bh sfr mlkh alyzabt bh thran brqrar grdyd.
sal 1340 v 1341 :
sal 1340, yadAvr tXahrat danSjvyan dr aetrax bh Shadt dktr Kanely (13 v 14
ardybhSt), dr aetrax bh brgzary knfrans bhdaSty kSvrhay exv sntv dr danSgah
Syraz (31 ardybhSt), bray aelam hmdrdy ba anqlabyvn aljzayr (14 Aban);
aetCab danSjvyan danSsrayealy dr aetrax bh qTe kmk hzynh tHCyly (15 dy), v
tXahrat vsye danS Amvzan v danSjvyan dr aetrax bh aKraj Gnd danS Amvz (avl
bhmn) my baSd.
dr 27 ardybhSt 1340, Hadch¡ eXymy dr taryK syasy ayran rK dad kh jnbS
danSjvyy ra nyz tHt tacyr Kvd qrar dad, v An tasys nhxt Azady ayran ba
aydivlvJy òHfX aCalt nhxt mly, dr GharGvb vHdt ba jnbS nvyn aslamy bvdå. ba
tSkyl nhxt Azady, nTfh¡ vHdt òHvzh v danSgahå, òazdvaj dyn v syastå, òadQam
nhxt mly ayran v jnbS nvyn aslamyå mneqd grdyd. dr mramnamh¡ nhxt, br Ghar
aCl takyd Sdh bvd, òmslman, ayrany, tabe qanvn asasy v mCdqy bvdnå . dr
ahmyt rabTh¡ nhxt Azady ba jnbS danSjvyy hmyn bs kh dktr abrahym yzdy v dktr
ely Sryety az fealyn anjmnhay aslamy Karj az kSvr bvdnd, v sazman mjahdyn
Klq ayran az bTn nhxt Azady zaiydh Sdh ast, v Hsynyh arSad, tnha kanvn mjaz
ablaQ nvgraiy aslamy, mrkz tblyQ andySh hay dktr ely Sryety v sayr aexay
nhxt Azady ayran bvd, v jnbS mstql danSjvyy aKyr dr ayran nyz dr artbaT
nzdyky ba aexay nhxt Azady v mtHdyn Anha my baSd. az hmh mhmtr, nhxt Azady
AKryn grvh mZhby bvd kh òaz rah qanvn asasyå mSrvTh¡ slTnty bh òmbarzh
syasyå brKasth bvd.
sal 1341 nyz bh dlyl rfrandm 6 bhmn 1341 dr barh¡ aCvl SSganh¡ òanqlab
sfydå, v brvz txad Sdyd byn rvHanyt v slTnt ahmyt dard. òSear aClaHat arxy v
Kle yd az malkan stmgr v tqsym araxy byn kSavrzan bdvn zmyn ba astqbal
qSrhay mKtlf jameh v bKS qabl tvjhy az rvSnfkran qrar grfth bvd.å jbhh¡ mly
ayran xmn Cdvr aelamyh ay dr 2 bhmn, ba Sear òaClaHat arxy Ary! dyktatvry
nh!å dr Cdd brqrary tXahraty dr aetrax bh rfrandm bvd kh ba dstgyry aexay
Svray mrkzy jbhh, grvhy az bazaryan v tedad zyady az danSjvyan danSgah thran
Kncy Sd. nhxt Azady ayran nyz dr rvz 3 bhmn 1341, fxaHt òanqlab Sah v mrdmå
ra afSa¡ krdh v tvCyh krd kh òanqlab bayd az drvn baSd, nh az
byrvn...kSavrzany kh ba gvsfnd v grg ASna hstyd. fryb nKvryd v grg Kvd ra
bSnasyd!...å bh dnbal Cdvr ayn aelamyh, mvssyn v aexa¡ nhxt Azady ayran dr
4 bhmn 1341 bazdaSt v zndany Sdnd kh bh mHakmh dr dadgahhay nXamy v zndan
hay Tvyl anjamydh v meny mSarkt mrd v zn dr antKabat bed az anqlab ra bh
mrdm tfhym krd.
az rvz 3 bhmn, sazman danSjvyan tXahrat pyvsth ay ra ba Sear òaClaHat arxy
bly, dyktatvry Sah nhå tXahrat pyvsth ay ra br xd dyktatvry AQaz krd. rvz
Gharm bhmn, tXahrat danSjvyan danSgah thran òba hjvm kmandvha v Gtrbazan
rvbrv Sd. mhajman bh lbas kargry v dhqanan drAmdh bvdnd vly pvtyn hay artSy
ra evx nkrdh bvdnd.å .
az sal 1342ta 1349:
sazman danSjvyan ps az baz Sdn danSgah, ps az teTylat avl sal 1342, tXahraty
bray Azady danSjvyan bazdaSt Sdh v rhbran jbhh mly v nhxt Azady brgzar
krdnd. dr ayn dvrh, Searhay tXahrat bsyar Had Sdh v CraHta nam Sah bh myan
Amdh bvd. dvmyn tXahrat dr sal 1342, tXahrat qbl az 15 Krdad bvd [13 Krdad
1342]. ayn tXahrat Gnd rvz adamh daSt. bazary ha v mydany ha ba Searhay
mZhby v Trfdary az Kmyny bh jlv danSgah Amdnd. danSjvyan nyz ba Sear xd
dyktatvry v òmCdq pyrvz astå ba Anan hmkary krdnd. dr ayn rvzha danSgah dr
Srf teTyl bvd v jmeyt kmy dr tXahrat Srkt my krdnd. dr rvz 15 Krdad, az
saet yazdh CbH tXahrat drjlv danSgah Srve Sd v Seary br sr dr danSgah nCb Sd
bh ayn mxmvn kh òSah jlad v Kvn ASam Kvn Klq ra my ryzdå. ayn tXahrat hmrah
ba prtab sng bh maSynhay artS v tank haiy bvd kh eazm srkvby mrdm bvdh and
kh ta saet 4 bed az Xhr adamh yaft. rJym tCmym grfth bvd kh bh hyGvjh az
danSjvyan nkSd ta btvand qyam v SvrS ra bh Hsab mrtjeyn bgZard vly dr saet 4
bed az Xhr nXamyan eazm danSgah Sdnd v ba tyrandazy hvaiy bh svy danSgah
tXahrat ra prakndh krdnd vly dr pyadh rv hay mqabl danSgah kh edh ay az mrdm
jme Sdh bvdnd, jmeyt ra bh glvlh bstnd. edh ay ra mjrvH v yky dv tn ra
kStnd kh az danSjvyan nbvdnd. Xrf ayn rvzha edh ay az danSjvyan bazdaSt
Sdnd. Hrkt bedy sazman danSjvyan mqarn antKabat dvrh 21 Shryvr 1342 bvd.
sazman danSjvyan mrdm ra bh mytyngy dr mydan bharstan devt krd. qbl az rvz
15 Shryvr, Gnd tn az rhbran jbhh Azad Sdnd v aexay kmyth danSgah ra zyr fSar
gZaStnd ta mytyng ra mntfy saznd. sranjam dr 15 Shryvr aexay kmyth danSgah
tslym rhbran Sdnd vly az An ps az rhbry brydnd.
dr 16 AZr 1342, mrasm ba Searhaiy bh svd rhbran nhxt Azady kh dr Hal mHakmh
bvdnd anjam grft. Trfdaran rhbry jbhh kh edh mHdvdy bvdnd sey krdnd az ayn
tXahrat jlvgyry krdnd vly tXahrat brqrar Sd v mvrd Hmlh plys qrar grft. az
An ps ta Shryvr sal 44, sazman danSjvyan ba hmkary danSjvyan vabsth bh jnaH
Gp bh Hyat sazmany Kvd adamh dad v òpyam danSjvå mntSr Sd. vly fealythay
Cnfy kh zyr Sear òlQv Shryhå anjam my Sd [bhmn 1345] mhmtryn Hrkat jmey
danSjvyy ra tSkyl my dad.
az Hvadc mhm ayn dvran, dydar danSjvyan danSgah thran ba amam Kmyny dr qm
dr 21 frvrdyn 1343 ps az Azady aySan az zndan bvd. dr ayn dydar amam Kmyny
sKnany ra byan daStnd kh by Sbaht ba sKnan aKyr Hxrt Ayt allh aleXmy mntXry
nyst: òvqty kh dr zndan bvdm KbrAvrdnd kh srmay hmdan 33 drjh rsydh; bed Kbr
Avrdnd kh dv hzar nfr az srma tlf Sdh and, dr An Halt mn dstm bsth bvd, Gh
mytvanstm bknm, ayn tazh dr hmdan bvd, albth dr thran v Shrhay dygr hm
tlfaty bvdh, dvlt Gh aqdamy nmvdh? dryk Gnyn vxe bray astqbal az arbaban Kvd
ba Tyarh az hlnd gl my Avrd. pvl mlt fqyr ra tlf my knnd. ajarh¡ hvapyma kh
az hlnd gl my Avrd syCd hzar tvman ast! jbran knyd QlThay Kvd ra, aslam ra
reayt knyd.
Aqayan dr kaKhay Kvd nSsth and, my gvynd mlt mtrqy, mlt mtrqy az grsngy my
myrd! amyr aslam, ely elyh alslam, nan jv my Kvrdnd. bray mhmany kh bh
aftKar arbaban Kvd trtyb my dhnd panCd hzar tvman, yk mylyvn tvman ya byStr
Krj my knnd v mrtb dm az brnamh¡ mtrqy my znnd v mygvynd kSvr ma dr rdyf
kSvrhay Traz avl ast.å
pdydh¡ syasy dygr ayn dvrh kh jnbS danSjvyy ayran ra Sdyda tHt tacyr Kvd
qrar dad tSkyl sazman mjahdyn Klq tvsT sh tn az aexay nhxt Azady ayran (Shyd
mHmd Hnyf nJad, Shyd seyd mHsn v Shyd ely aCQr bdye zadgan), dr Shryvr 1344
bvd. òfkr mqavmt mslHanh dr brabr rJym kvdta, az avaKr sal 1342, ps az srkvb
AKryn mqavmt hay mly v mZhby, mtlaSy Sdn nyrvhay apvzysyvn v Skst nhxt mly v
az byn rftn amkanat mbarzh, az Tryq qanvny, Skl grft, bTvrykh dr sal 1343,
hmh grvhha v dstjat mKalf rJym, ba afkar v aydivlvJyhay gvnagvn, bh yk ntyjh
rsydh bvdnd kh tnha rah mbarzh ba rJym Sah, mbarzh mslHanh ast. mhnds
bazrgan dr dadgah nXamy ayn nkth ra bh riys dadgah gvSzd krd: ò..ma, AKryn
ksany hstym kh az rah qanvn asasy, bh mbarzh syasy brKasth aym, v az riys
dadgah antXar darym, ayn nkth ra bh balatry ha bgvynd..å.
nTfh¡ jnbS fdaiyan Klq hm dr sal 1342 tvsT Shyd byJn jzny v yaranS Skl grft
v dr 19 bhmn mah 1349, ba Hmlh¡ mslHanh¡ grvhhay byJn jzny v aHmdzadh bh
pasgah Jandarmry syahkl dr mazndran v tasys sazman Grykhay fdaiy Klq bh
erCh¡ syasy ayran pa gZaSt.
sayr qxayay ayn dvrh ebartnd az: tXahrat gstrdh¡ danSjvyy bh mnasbt Shadt
jhan phlvan tKty (dy 1346), tXahrat danSjvyy dr aetrax bh gran Sdn blyT
atvbvsha (asfnd 1348), tXahrat danSjvyan danSgahhay thran elyh rJym Sah v
Chyvnysm, hmzman ba brpayy msabqh fvtbal myan ayran v asraiyl (12 ardybhSt
1349), aetCab Cnfy danSgah Syraz (28 v 29 Krdad 49), tXahrat danS Amvzan Gnd
dbyrstan thran dr aetrax bh mqrrat jdyd amtHanat dr Kyabanhay thran ba Sear
òatHad, mbarzh, pyrvzyå v tjme Anha dr danSgah thran (26 mhr 1349), tXahrat
danSjvyan danSkdh Hqvq danSgah thran v tHrym klasha (4 AZr 1349), tHrym
klasha tvsT danSjvyan sal Gharm rSth qxayy dr rabTh ba msail Cnfy (5 AZr
1349), tXahrat danSjvyan elvm ajtmaey thran ba Sear òatHad, mbarzh, pyrvzyå,
tXahrat syasy py dr py danSjvyan danSgah thran az 11 ta 28 AZr 1349.
sal 1350 :: aetrax bh jSnhay dv hzar v panCd salh, anfjar bmb dr danSgahha.
sal 1351 :: aetCabat srasry danSgahha v tXahrat danSjvyy
sal 1352 :: aetCabat v tXahrat danSjvyy bh mnasbt Shadt 5 tn az aexay sazman
mjahdyn Klq, tXahrat dr aetrax bh Shadt danSjvyan ba Sear allh akbr v aelam
skvt, dstgyry 100 danSjv bh elt Srkt dr jlsat Hsynyh arSad, aetCabat gstrdh
16 AZr ba Sear òayn Kvk amrykayy aedam bayd grddå, tXahrat dr vaknS bh aedam
rxa glsrKy v kramt allh danSyan.
sal 1353 :: tXahrat danSjvyan bh mnasbt salgrd Shadt 5 mjahd Klq, Shadt
glsrKy v danSyan, tbeyd amam Kmyny, aetrax bh tehd Kdmt, aetraxat Cnfy ba
Sear òatHad-mbarzh-pyrvzyå, salgrd 16 AZr, tXahrat ba Sear
òkargr-kSavrz-danSjvå, òpyrvzy bad mbarzh mslHanhå, òmrg br ayn Hkvmt
plysyå, òmrg br ayn sfydy anqlabå, òay mrdm Sah Sma Kain astå, òdrvd br
Kmynyå, òslam br Kmynyå, òmrg br ayn Hkvmt yzydyå, òSah Sma jlad astå,
anfjar mqr gard danSgah Cnety tvsT mjahdyn Klq, AtS zdn saKtman jvanan Hzb
ayran nvyn tbryz, Skstn Sebh bazar bank bazrgany tbryz.
sal 1354 :: tXahrat Shry danSjvyy ba Searhay òkargr-dhqan-danSjv Shr qm
Kvnyn astå, òdrvd br mjahdå, òzHmtkSan bdanyd Sah Sma jlad astå, òkargran
bdanyd Sah Sma Kain astå, òzndh bad kargrå, òzndh bad mbarzh mslHanhå, òmrg
br ayn Hkvmt plysyå, tSkyl grvhhay xrbt bray tnbyh evaml savak dr danSgah v
thdyd dKtran v psran danSjvyy bh jrm rvabT namSrve elny.
sal 1355 :: aetraxat danSjvyy bh mnasbt salgrd rvz 16 AZr, v dr Hmayt az
mjahdyn, fdaiyan Klq, v Ayt allh Kmyny; aetraxat v aetCabat danSjvyy
Cnfy-syasy, tXahrat mZhby-syasy danSjvyan dr Shr dr rvz eaSvra, tXahrat ba
Sear òsrngvn bad Hkvmt astbdadyå v drgyry ba plys v Jandarmry.
sal 1356 :: tXahrat danSjvyy bh mnasbt 15 Krdad ba Searhay òdrvd br Kmynyå,
òallh akbrå, òdrvd br Shday 15 Krdadå; tXahrat dr aetrax bh Shadt dktr
Sryety ba Sear òSryety qatlt ra my kSymå òSryety nmrdh, Sryety ra kStndå,
òallh akbrå, òdrvd br Sryetyå, òdrvd br Kmynyå, Skstn SySh hay bangha, Hmlh
bh yk Srkt amrykayy dr thran, aetrax bh Qart ktabKanh danSjvyy v vsayl ataq
kvhnvrdy danSjvyy tvsT plys, tXahrat bh mnasbt Shadt Ayt allh mCTfy Kmyny,
aetCabat srasry yk hfth ay dr aetrax bh jv srkvb v Hmlh hay vHSyanh gard
danSgah, aetrax bh sfr kartr bh ayran, tXahrat srasry dr aetrax bh kStar 19
dy qm, tXahrat danSjvyy-mrdmy dr qyam 29 bhmn Shr tbryz, aetCabat srasry
danSjvyy.
bTvr KlaCh dr dvrh¡ 1350 ta 1356, Cdha tn az bhtryn danSjvyan v farQ
altHCylan danSgahha dr rabTh ba sazmanhay mjahdyn Klq ayran, v Grykhay fdaiy
Klq ayran v sayr grvhha mslH kvGk bh jay tHCyl elm v danS ya araih Kdmat
sazndh bh mrdm ayran bh mbarzan Hrfh ay tbdyl Sdh v jan Kvd ra dr rah mbarzh
ba slTh¡ ahrymny Amryka br ayran v evaml daKly kvdtagrS baKtnd. Tbq Amar
sazman fdaiyan Klq, nzdyk bh 300 fdaiy Klq tvsT rJym Sah bh qtl rsydnd.
sal 1357, danSgah òsngr Azadyå:
dr rvz 18 ardybhSt 1357, danSgah tbryz CHnh¡ mbarzh¡ tn bh tn byn nyrvhay
plys v gard danSgah v danSjvyan danSgah bvd kh bh teTyly kaml v Tvlany
danSgah tbryz mnjr grdyd. dr sayr danSgahha hm Hvadc mSabhy rK dadh v
danSgahha bh mrkz sazmandhy mbarzh elyh rJym kvdta tbdyl Sdh v danSjvyan
dsth dsth bh sazmanhay Gryky pyvsth ya ba sazmandhy grvhhay mslH Kvd jvS
mstqla bh mbarzh mslHanh ba rJym Sah prdaKtnd. sayr danSjvyan nyz fealanh dr
gstrS mbarzat qhrAmyz v brandazanh br elyh rJm vabsth v astbdady Sah mSarkt
fealanh daStnd.
dr ayn sal, danSgah thran òbh envan danSgah madr az Gnan mnzlty brKvrdar Sd
kh nam sngr Azady ra az svy mrdm anqlaby grft v qblh¡ Amal qSrhay mKtlf
grdyd. An gvnh kh hmh¡ nXrha mtvjh danSgah bvd ta Anja kh Hty vqty jmey az
rvHanyvn Kvastnd dst bh tHCn bznnd msjd danSgah thran ra antKab krdnd.
Hvadc mKtlf az jmlh hfth¡ hmbstgy, Hadch¡ 13 Aban, tHCn 25 rvzh¡ astadan dr
dbyrKanh v rvz bazgSayy danSgah thran bh vsylh Ayt allh Talqany v bsyary
vqaye dygr dr synh taryK cbt ast. agrGh grvhy bh Kyal Kvd bKvahnd nqS
danSgahha v jnbS danSjvyy ra dr pyrvzy anqlab az yad bbrnd.å
az bazgSayy danSgahha dr 1357 ta tsKyr sfart Amryka dr 13 Aban 1358:
òps az pyrvzy anqlab aslamy, danSgahha mrkz brKvrd Azad Ara¡ v eqayd Sd,
kary kh bhtryn vsylh rSd v Agahy Sevr ajtmaey v tkaml frdy ast. ama hzar
afsvs kh emr ayn dvrh az Hyat jnbS danSjvyy bsyar kvtah bvd v ba teTyly dv
salh, danSgahha dr bhar 1359 bh dvrany az rkvd v bHran pa nhad. å dr ayn
dvrh¡ kvtah, grvhhay mKtlf danSjvyy dr danSgahha fealyt daStnd az qbyl anjmn
danSjvyan mslman (hvadaran sazman mjahdyn Klq ayran), anjmn aslamy danSjvyan
(danSjvyan pyrv amam Kmyny), jnbS danSjvyan mslman (hvadaran jnbS mslmanan
mbarz), danSjvyan pySgam (hvadaran sazman Grykhay fdaiy Klq ayran),
danSjvyan mbarz (hvadaran sazman pykar dr rah Azady Tbqh¡ kargr v mtHdynS),
danSjvyan dmvkrat (hvadaran Hzb tvdh ayran), v Gnd grvh danSjvyy km jmeyt
mannd hvadaran sazman rzmndgan pySgam mstxefyn ayran, grvh frqan, sazman
anqlaby Hzb tvdh ayran, nhxt mjahdyn Klq ayran v kanvn ablaQ andySh hay
Sryety v..
dr antKabat Azad danSjvyy kh dr nymh¡ avl sal 1358 dr danSkdh¡ pzSky tbryz
bh eml Amd, anjmn danSjvyan mslman, danSjvyan pySgam v anjmn aslamy
danSjvyan hr kdam byst drCd Ara¡ ra bdst Avrdnd. hvadaran jnbS mslmanan
mbarz v hvadaran pykar hr kdam kmtr az dh drCd Ara¡ v bqyh grvhha v mnfrdyn
drCd Qyr qabl tvjhy az Ara¡ ra bh Kvd aKtCaC dadnd.
dr ayn dvrh, anjmnhay aslamy danSjvyy (pyrvan amam Kmyny) dr py teTyly
danSgahha bray rftn bh rvstaha v mSarkt dr tasys v tSkyl jhad sazndgy, spah
pasdaran anqlab aslamy bvdnd; dr Halykh hvadaran sazman mjahdyn Klq ayran,
sazman Grykhay fdaiy Klq, jnbS mslmanan mbarz, Hzb tvdh, nhxt mjahdyn Klq
ayran, sazman rzmndgan pySgam mstxefyn danSgahha ra bzrgtryn v mhmtryn kanvn
exv gyry v tblyQ aydh hay Kvd dansth v sey dr baz ngahdaStn danSgahha
daStnd. az vyJgyhay mcbt ayn dvrh mSarkt nmayndgan danSjvyan, dr knar
nmayndgan asatyd v karknan dr Svray danSgah bvd kh danSjvyan ra az nzdyk ba
mSklat mdyryt danSgah ASna krdh v az aCTkak byn danSjvyan v sayr danSgahyan
my kast.
az tsKyr sfart Amryka dr 13 Aban 1358 ta anqlab frhngy dr ardybhSt 1359:
ba brvz aKtlaf byn aexay rvHany Svray anqlab (Hzb jmhvry aslamy) ba mlyvn v
nhxty hay exv dvlt mvqt v Svray anqlab, anjmn hay aslamy danSjvyy bh
mvxegyry brelyh dvlt mvqt prdaKtnd. tsKyr sfart Amryka dr ayran tvsT
danSjvyan pyrv KT amam mvjb afzayS nfvZ dftr tHkym vHdt ya atHadyh anjmn hay
aslamy danSjvyan srasr kSvr dr danSgahha v jameh Sdh v sayr jryanhay
danSjvyy ra tHt tacyr Kvd qrar dad. hvadaran sazman mjahdyn Klq ba dhl v
Sypvr dr Cfvf mnsjm bh tXahrat dr jlv sfart Amryka prdaKth v Hmayt Kvd ra az
aqdam anqlaby danSjvyan aelam krdh v Kvastar afSay prvndh hay bdst Amdh az
lanh¡ jasvsy Amryka drbarh¡ enaCr sazSkar Svray anqlab v dvlt mvqt Sdnd.
danSjvyan pySgam v dmvkrat nyz az aqdam xd ampryalysty danSjvyan pyrv KT
amam Hmayt krdnd, v hvadaran jnbS mslmanan mbarz v nhxt mjahdyn Klq nyz bh
dlyl afSay mahyt lybralha az Sady dr pvst Kvd nmy gnjydnd. bexy az danSjvyan
br elyh lybralha, dsth ay dygr br elyh artjae, dsth¡ svm br elyh Hakmyt
lybralhay mrtje v bexy dygr br elyh rJym srkvbgr v srmayh dary vabsth bh
Amrykay jnaytkar Sear my dadnd, v grvh frqan nyz mSQvl Skar mhrhay òAKvndysm
tbhkar vabsth ba ampryalysm pyr franshå v emal mzdvr artjae az qbyl Shyd qrh
ny, Shyd mThry, Shyd mftH, Shyd mhdyan, Shyd eraqy, Shyd zndh rfsnjany v
Shyd zndh syd ely Kamnh ay bvd.
yky az nvysndgan hfth namh¡ kyhan lndn, angyzh¡ tCrf sfartKanh¡ Amryka tvsT
danSjvyan pyrv KT amam ra ayngvnh tvxyH mydhd: òjmhvry aslamy dr AQaz ba
rqabt sKt Gp ha v fdaiyan v mjahdyn rvbrv Sd v bray Skst dadn rqbay syasy,
nyazmnd tCrf ahdaf Anha bvd. ps az tbdyl Sdn bh ASty napZyrtryn KCm amryka,
my tvanst hmh dsth ha az mjahd v fdayy grfth ta dmvkrathay krdstan v anvae
grayS hay Gp ra vabsth bh Amryka bKvand v az mydan mbarzh xd ampryalysty
byrvn knd. aSQal sfart Amryka dr sal 1358 dnbalh An syast bvd. å
ba antKab bny Cdr bh mqam ryast jmhvry v atHad sazman mjahdyn Klq ba vy,
hvadaran jnbS mslmanan mbarz, hvadaran nhxt mjahdyn Klq, danSjvyan pySgam v
danSjvyan dmvkrat ba Sear mrg br lybral msyr Kvd ra az danSjvyan xd artjae
hvadar sazman mjahdyn Klq v bny Cdr jda krdnd. bexy danSjvyan svpr Gp az
qbyl hvadaran rah kargr v pykar nyz Kvastar srngvny Hakmyt bQayt artjaey
bvdnd.
anqlab frhngy dr ardybhSt 1359 ta bazgSayy danSgahha dr mhr 1361:
dr ayn bHbvHh dftr tHkym vHdt bh bhanh¡ òdgrgvny bnyady saKtar AmvzSy v
elmy danSgahha dr jht nyazha v hdf hay anqlab v mltå , aSQal danSgahha tvsT
tvdh hay mZhby QyrdanSgahy ra TraHy krdh v dr ardybhSt 1359 ba Sear òanqlab
frhngyå danSgahha ra mvrd thajm hmh janbh qrar dadh, v bed az Skstn mqavmt
Kvnyn danSjvyan kmvnyst kh Kvastar adamh¡ fealyt danSgahha bvdnd nqTh¡
payany br hmh¡ fealythay mstql danSjvyy nhadh v bh Arzvy òSeban by mKå dr
bstn òdrb ayn Tvylhå jamh¡ eml pvSandh, vòdanSgahhay kSvr bray sh sal teTyl
Sdnd kh az hrgvnh tmaylat myhn prstanh, mly v AzadyKvahanh tCfyh Svd å.
dr òanqlab frhngyå danSgahha dr sal 1359, ògrvhy bh nyt teyyn tklyf grvhhay
syasy bh danSgahha hjvm Avrdnd, edh ay dQdQh¡ artqa¡ sTH elmy v hmsvyy
mHtvay drvs ba nyazhay jameh ps az anqlab ra daStnd; brKy dr py frCt bray
tsvyh Hsabhay SKCy v grvhy bvdnd, v dsth ay nyz bh dnbal xbT Qnaim. danSgah
teTyl Sd v hmh dr antXar frznd jdyd sh sal rvzSmary krdnd. Arzvha tHqq yaft
v frznd mtvld Sd ama naqC alKlqh. å
fajeh¡ frhngy ardybhSt 1359, ba Hmlh¡ Cdam yzyd kafr bh ayranzmyn bray tjdyd
ftH alftvH qadsyh v mmanet az Cdvr aslam nab mHmdy tvsT mjvsan pyrv amam
Kmyny, v srngvny Hkvmt òdjalå v òKainå v astqrar dmvkrasy Gkmh pvSan dr
srzmyn Ahvraiy ayran tkmyl Sd. bKSy az danSjvyan v danS Amvzan myhn prst dr
jbhh tvsT AtS Kmparh hay Cdamyan kSth v mjrvH Sdh v ya dr kStzarhay myn jbhh
hay Qrb ayran Srbt Shadt nvSydnd. bKSy dygr az danSjvyan v jvanan dr kvGh v
Kyaban tvsT jvKh hay mrg òAKvndysm tbhkarå Skar Sdh ya dr danSgah avyn v
sayr ardvgahhay mrg bh jrm Azad andySy v mqavmt dr brabr òtelymat v aHkam
qrvn vsTaiy Kmynyå dr brabr AtS jvKh hay aedam az pay drAmdnd.
az bazgSayy danSgahha dr 1361 ta astefay Ayt allh aleXmy mntXry dr sal 1368:
òanqlab frhngy mvjb randh Sdn bsyary az asatyd Sd. klasha ba prdh az ykdygr
jda Sdnd ta danSjvyan psr v dKtr hmdygr ra nbynnd. traSydn ryS az gnahan
kbyrh mHsvb Sd v qrar Sd hmh laaql th ryS daSth baSnd. Svrahay gzynS brpa
grdyd v astad v danSjv ra dr qalbhay tng Tbqh bndy krdn: taiyd, mSrvT, mSrvT
daim, mSrvT mvqt, aKraj, melq v.. å
tedad aexay hyit elmy danSgahha az 16877 nfr bh 8000 nfr paiyn Amd, v elyrQm
tlaS mtvlyan AmvzS ealy bray jbran mafat az Tryq tSvyq asatyd bh brgSt v jZb
nyrvhay mtKCC danSgahha, dr sal tHCyly 1367-1368 tedad aexay hyit elmy bh
sTH sal 1358 rsyd, agr Gh aedad danSjv 70 drCd afzayS yafth bvd. HZf
danSjvyan dgr andyS tvsT Svrahay gzynS, v aKtCaC 40 drCd Cndlyhay danSgahha
bh shmyh hay Sahd, rzmndgan, nhxt svadAmvzy v jhad sazndgy jlv Skvfaiy
astedadha az Tryq rqabt Azad davTlban v danSjvyan grfth Sd. bh ebart dygr
br balay sr hr danSjv yk òmzdvrå shmyh ay nCb krdnd ta hmh¡ Hrkat vy ra
kntrl v bh kmyth¡ anxbaTy danSgah gzarS dhnd ta mbada ksy nmazS trk Svd ya
mvhayS dydh Svd v ya nevZ ballh dKtr v psry dr ktabKanh ba hm CHbt az elm
bknnd, CHbthay eaSqanh pySkS!
hr astady ra dh danSjvy shmyh ay KbrGyn my paiyd ta brelyh mqdsat nXam yeny
mqamat meCvm rvHany asaih adb nknd. mn dr sal 1367, Sahd yky az Sahkarhay
anjmn aslamy danSjvyan danSgah elvm pzSky tbryz vabsth bh dftr tHkym vHdt
bvdm. dr ayn aqdam KT amamy, dvyst danSjvy danSkdh pzSky v dhha mdrs v
Asystan rySvy danSkdh¡ pzSky tbryz, kh amrvz br krsy hay astadyary v
danSyary danSkdh¡ pzSky tbryz, v mdyryt hay klydy danSgah elvm pzSky tbryz
tkyh zdh and; dktr nadry astad bhdaSt v Kanvadh danSkdh¡ pzSky tbryz ra bed
az 28 sal tdrys v tHqyq v Kdmt dr danSgah, fqT bh jrm aynkh tedd zvjat ra
yky az ell afzayS jmeyt namydh bvd bh artdad mHkvm krdh v thdyd bh qtlS
krdnd, bTvrykh mdyryt danSgah mjbvr Sd Aqay dktr nadry ra bh baznSstgy
ajbary qane knd ta KvnS ryKth nSvd.
ba bazgSayy tdryjy danSgahha dr salhay 1361 v 1362, anHCar frhngy dr
danSgahha tvsT danSjvyan v mdrsyn Kmyny prst tcbyt Sdh, v òanjmn hay aslamy,
jhadhay danSgahy, stad anqlab frhngy, mrkz nSr danSgahy, dftr Hvzh dr
danSgah, nhad nmayndgy vly fqyhå ba òdqt v vsvas zyadå br antKab v emlkrd
òaexay hyit elmy v karknan v mdyran bh anHa¡ mKtlfy tHt nXart v kntrlå
grftnd. gzynS hay vzart AmvzS ealy v vzart bhdaSt v drman v AmvzS pzSky ba
nhayt dqt òmyzan tehd syasy v aKlaqy danSjvyan vrvdyå ra bed az qbvly dr
danSgahha az Tryq òmrajeh bh Kanvadh ha, mHlh ha, hmsaygan, msjd mHl v Qyrh
å my snjydnd ta mbada yk frd Qyr mtehd vard danSgah bSvd.
az sal 1363 ta 1367, aftKar pasdary az mSel Azady dr danSgahha ra hvadaran
dktr Sryety, jnbS mslmanan mbarz, nhxt mjahdyn Klq ayran v nhxt Azady ayran
br dvS grftnd v az Tryq thyh v tvzye nSryh hay òKrvS mvHdå, òjzvat nSr
mktbå, byanyh hay mhnds sHaby v ònhxt Azady ayranå v òjmeyt dfae az Azady v
Hakmyt mrdm ayranå, v nyz devt az sKnranany Gvn mhnds ebdalely bazrgan, dktr
mHmd mhdy jefry, mhnds ezt allh sHaby, Qlamebas tvsly, yvsfy aSkvry v dktr
Hbyb allh pyman jht sKnrany dr mrasm salgrd Shadt dktr ely Sryety dr myan
Hmlat v xrb v Stm danSjvyan bsyjy v rzmndh, danSjvyan KT amamy vabsth bh
dftr tHkym vHdt pyam òAzady, brabry v erfanå ra bh nslhay bedy tHvyl dadnd.
dr sal 1367, Ayt allh aleXmy mntXry, qaim mqam rhbry, dr dydarhayS ba
danSjvyan v danSgahyan az sansvr sKnan Kvd tvsT rsanh hay grvhy prdh brdaSt.
ayn fqyh ealyqdr dr Ty namh ay bh myr Hsyn mvsvy, nKst vzyr vqt, narsaiyhay
Hkvmtgran ra bh SrH zyr yadAvry krd: òdKalt v tedy bsyary az arganha...az
qbyl spah v bnyad Shyd...vxe aqtCady kSvr ra flj krdh ast...tezyrat Hkvmty
mvfq nbvdh ast...karha bh dst bGh hay Kam v eqdh dar aftadh ...bh gzarS
msivlyn aetmad nknyd...aTlaeat v spah v kmyth ha v dadstany v bazjvyy ha
bayd dr rvS Kvd tjdyd nXr knnd...ma az bazdaStha v kStn ha ntyjh nmy
gyrym...mlk ba kfr my mand vly ba Xlm nmy mand...Gnd mylyvn ayrany Avarh dr
Karj az kSvr darym...v dr byn Anha mQzhay mtKCC v mtfkr mvrd nyaz kSvr zyad
vjvd darnd...bayd yk efv emvmy aelam Svd...akcr aetyadhay mxr v Syve mvad
mKdr v fsadhay ajtmaey v rSvh ha v dzdyha v fHSaha melvl bykary ha v ndaStn
rah drAmd mSrve ast. ma bh jay mbarzh ba ell aCly ba melvl ha mbarzh my
knym.å
bh taryK 5 Shryvr 1367, dr mKalft ba ftvay Kmyny drbarh¡ jvaz lQvykTrfh¡
qrardadhay dvlt aslamy ba kfar, Ayt allh aleXmy mntXry aelam krd kh òhrgah
Hkvmt ya amt aslamy ba dvlt ya frd ya mvssh tjary kfar pymany amxa knd,
nbayd An ra nqx knd....v aynkh sfra v mamvryn syasy dvl byganh, nzd dvlt
aslamy az aHtram KaCy brKvrdarnd.å
fqyh ealyqdr dr antqad az syasthay jngy amam Kmyny v mqamat dygr abraz nmvd
kh òGqdr nyrv az ayran v az dst ma rft v Gqdr jvan hayy ra az dst dadym kh
hrkdam yk dnya arzS daStnd, v Gh Shrhayy az ma Krab Sd. bayd bbynym agr
aStbahy krdh aym, ayn ha tvbh dard v aqla mtnbh Svym...Gqdr dr ayn mdt
Searhayy dadym v QlT bvdh v Kyly az Anha ma ra dr dnya mnzvy krdh... v hyG
lzvmy bray dadn ayn Searha ndaStym. ...Gh aSkaly dard kh msivl byayd v bgvyd
mn aStbah krdm? ma dr jng Kyly aStbah krdym v Kyly jaha ljbazy krdym v
Searhayy dadym kh mydanstym nmy tvanym ajra knym...vqty kar bh jayy brsd kh
CHbt mn Tlbh ra sansvr knnd, vay bh Hal dygran...zndan pr krdn drdy ra dva
nmy knd. fkr ra nmy tvan zndany krd.å
fqyh ealyqdr hmGnyn qtl eam zndanyan syasy bed az qbvl qTenamh 598 ra bh zyr
sval brdh v bh amam Kmyny nvSt kh òba Hkm aKyr Hxrtealy, bsa bygnahan ya km
gnahany kh aedam my Svnd...v ma ta Hal az kStn ha v KSvnt ha ntyjh ay ngrfth
aym v jaZbh xd anqlab ra byStr nmvdh aym. bjast mdty ba rHmt v eTvft brKvrd
Svd kh qTea bray bsyary jZbh Kvahd daSt. ...agr frxa br dstvr Kvdtan aCrar
daryd, aqla dstvr dhyd mlak atfaq nXr qaxy v dadstan v msivl aTlaeat
baSd...v znan hm astcna Svnd, mKCvCa znan bGh dar...v balaKrh aedam Gnd hzar
nfr dr Xrf Gnd rvz hm eks aleml Kvby ndard v hm Kaly az KTa nKvahd bvd. v
bexy az qxat mtdyn bsyar naraHt bvdnd...ps amam bhtr ast az rah KTa efv knd
ta az rah KTa mjazat.å
hmh¡ ayn antqadat az svy fqyh v mrje ealyqdry bvd kh Hjt alaslam v almslmyn
ely akbr haSmy rfsnjany dr namh ay kh dr sal 1365 bh mHxr Ayt allh mntXry
frstadh bvd vy ra bh SrH zyr tjlyl krdh bvd:
òzndgy pr Hadch v Amvzndh Hxrt ealy, srasr jhad v aycar ast. amt az hman
rvzhay avl nhxt aslamy Sma ra pyStaz v nvk pykan jhad my dydyd v synh
mbarktan ra spr blaha, v by jht nyst kh dr vjvd Sma ba aetmad kaml SrayT
nyabt rhbry ra yaft v Agahanh antKab krd, Sma az avlyn SKCythay aslam v kSvr
bvdyd kh zndan hay rJym gZSth ra ba Hxvrtan zynt dadyd v zndanyan ra rvHyh v
aftKar...
aynha v Kyly Gyzhay dygr, taryK srasr aftKar zndgy Sma ra saKth v amt aslamy
ra bh Ayndh¡ anqlab v adamh¡ rah amam mTmin my sazd. rah anbya v srnvSt
rhbran alhy hmySh qryn blaha bvdh v mvfqyt haySan ntyjh pyrvzy dr amtHanhay
sKt rbvbyt.... prtv CHnh hay aycargranh¡ aHd v krbla v ftH amrvz dr mHyT
jameh aslamy ma mShvd ast v bygman ayn mlt mqavm drs aycargry ra az bzrgany
Gvn Hxrt Sma my gyrnd...å
ayn antqadat KSm amam Kmyny ra br elyh fqyh ealyqdr brangyKt v fSar amam v
mSavranS bdanja rsyd kh Ayt allh aleXmy mntXry dv mah v andy pyS az Ankh
amam Kmyny bmyrd, az mqam Kvd bh envan qaim mqamy astefa dad. Aqay hvSng
vzyry nvysndh¡ kyhan lndn tSdyd aKtlaf byn Kmyny v mntXry ra òtvTih¡ mStrk
Kamnh ay-rfsnjany- aHmd Kmyny-ely mSkynyå dansth v nvSt kh òhnvz bdrsty nmy
danym kh Kmyny dr hfth hay vapsyn emr ta Gh andazh dr tCaHb aradh v nyrvy
tCmym gyry Kvd bvdh ast kh Gnan Hkmy ra az rvy aKtyar v ba Hvas jme Cadr
krdh baSd.å Aqay dktr yzdy nyz aKyra bh dlyl Sk krdn dr slamt rvany amam
Kmyny dr mahhay AKr emr pyh zndan ra br tn Kvd malyd.
brknary Ayt allh aleXmy mntXry az mqam qaim mqamy rhbry xmn ayjad Skaf dr
Cfvf mtHd anjmnhay aslamy danSjvyan vabsth bh dftr tHkym vHdt, zmynh ra bray
Hmlat rsalty ha bh dftr tHkym vHdt bh envan òKakryz dvmå bed az qle v qme
òband mhdy haSmyå,, v òrah andazy frmaySy v kaZb grvhkhay danSjvyy tHt
enavyn gvnagvny az qbyl jameh aslamy danSjvyan, anjmn aslamy danSjvyy v
... å frahm krd.
HZf rvHanyvn mbarz v mtHdan Anha dr sazman mjahdyn anqlab aslamy v dftr
tHkym vHdt az CHnh¡ syasy kSvr tvsT atHad rast mdrn v rast snty dr dvrh¡
Gharm antKabat mjls Svray aslamy, danSjvyan tHkym vHdt v SKCythay KT amamy
ra bh jbhh¡ mKalf dvlt rand v baec Sd kh mrHlh¡ nvyny az jnbS danSjvyy dr
danSgahhay ayran brah aftd.
dr qsmt bedy rvz Smar Ghar jryan mvazy az jnbS danSjvyy aslamy (dftr tHkym
vHdt, danSjvyan mtHd aitlaf KT amam), atHadyh¡ anjmnhay aslamy danSjvyan v
danS AmvKtgan (nyrvy danSjvyy KT amamy mstql), jameh¡ aslamy danSjvyan
(hvadaran jameh¡ rvHanyt mbarz), jameh¡ mstql danSjvyan (mly-aslamy,
hvadaran jnbS nv grayan aslamy) bh trtyb taryK cbt dr nSryat daKl v Karj
ayran Avrdh Sdh ast.

mhnds mhdy bazrgan, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, 1371 KvrSydy
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
Hsyn Sah Hsyny, ayran frda 38, AZr 1376
kar, nSryh¡ sazman fdaiyan Klq ayran, akcryt, Smarh¡ 148
dktr abrahym yzdy, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 24, asfnd 1374
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
KaTrat bazrgan, srhng Qlamrxa njaty, CfHh¡ 379
az dfaeyh¡ mhnds bazrgan dr dadgah nXamy, az ktab òKaTrat bazrganå, srhng
Qlamrxa njaty, CfHh¡ 382
KaTrat bazrgan, srhng Qlamrxa njaty, CfHh¡ 387
KaTrat bazrgan, srhng Qlamrxa njaty, CfHh¡ 389
taryK sy salh¡ syasy, byJn jzny, CfHõd 130
dr jstjvy rah az klam amam, dftr Sanzdhm, CfHh¡ 403
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
ely srKvS, ayran frda, Smarh¡ 4, Aban v AZr 1371
dktr mHmd mlky, ayran frda 38, Aban v AZr 1376
dktr mHmd mlky, ayran frda 38, Aban v AZr 1376
mHmd arsy, hfth namh¡ kyhan, Gap lndn, 20 asfnd 1371
nSryh¡ eCr ma, argan sazman mjahdyn anqlab aslamy ayran, Smarh¡ 84, 12
AZr 1376
namh¡ mrdm, nSryh¡ Hzb tvdh¡ ayran, Smarh¡ 521, taryK 25 AZrmah 1376.
ayran frda 28, Aban 1375
ayran frda 28, Aban 1375
dktr tvsly, ayran frda, Smarh 28, Aban mah 1375
eCr ma, Smarh¡ 84, 12 AZr 1376

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 15:35:11 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: UN Blasts US for Human Rights Violations

Excerpts:

Ndiaye found that in the United States "domestic laws
appear de facto to prevail over international law, even if
they could contradict the international obligations of the
United States."

He also reported "a generalized perception that human
rights are a prerogative of international affairs, and not
a domestic issue.

"The fact that only the Department of State has a Human
Rights Division, as well as the low level of awareness of
international human rights standards within the Department
of Justice, are clear indications of this phenomenon," he
added.



Human Rights: U.N. Criticizes Death Penalty in United
States

Inter Press Service 09-APR-98

GENEVA, (Apr. 8) IPS - A new United Nations report
expresses concern over the use of the death penalty and
killings by the police in the United States.

The document, to be discussed next week by the U.N. Human
Rights Commission, mentions the imposition of a death
sentence on juvenile offenders, which is prohibited by
international law, as well as on persons with mental
retardation.

The report's author, Senegal's Bacre Waly Ndiaye, visited
the United States in 1997 as Special Rapporteur on
extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions.

Ndiaye found that in the United States "domestic laws
appear de facto to prevail over international law, even if
they could contradict the international obligations of the
United States."

He also reported "a generalized perception that human
rights are a prerogative of international affairs, and not
a domestic issue.

"The fact that only the Department of State has a Human
Rights Division, as well as the low level of awareness of
international human rights standards within the Department
of Justice, are clear indications of this phenomenon," he
added.

Ndiaye pointed out that the minimum age set for the death
penalty was 18 in 14 states, age 17 in four states, and age
16 in 21 states.

The report says that 47 offenders who committed the crimes
before the age of 18 are currently on death row.

Although the United States has not executed any juvenile
offenders under 18, it is one of the few countries,
together with the Islamic Republic of Iran, Pakistan, Saudi
Arabia and Yemen, to execute people who were under 18 years
of age at the time they committed the crime.

The Special Rapporteur also pointed out that international
law clearly indicated a prohibition of imposing a death
sentence on juvenile offenders.

Ndiaye's report adds that according to information received
from non-governmental sources, at least 29 people with
severe mental disabilities have been executed in the United
States since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976.

The Senegalese jurist, who visited death row in Huntsville,
Texas, met with Emile Duhamel, "reportedly suffering from
severe mental retardation and unable to understand the
nature of the proceedings against him."

The small percentage of defendants who receive a death
sentence are nor necessarily those who committed the most
heinous crimes, says the report.

"Many factors, others than the crime itself, appear to
influence the imposition of a death sentence. Class, race
and economic status, both of the victim and the defendant,"
are said to be key elements.

"Those who are able to afford good legal representation
have less chance of being sentenced to death." The
influence of public opinion and political pressure cannot
be disregarded either, says Ndiaye.

In addition, racial attitudes of lawyers, prosecutors,
juries and judges, although not necessarily conscious, are
also believed to play a role in determining who will, or
who will not, receive a death sentence.

Allegations of racial discrimination in the imposition of
death sentences are particularly serious in southern
states, such as Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi,
Georgia and Texas, known as the "death penalty belt."

The Special Rapporteur was informed that a discriminatory
imposition of capital sentences may be favored by the
composition of the judiciary: in Alabama, only one of the
67 elected district attorneys is said to be black, and none
of Georgia's 159 counties is reported to have a black
district attorney.

Evidence of racial discrimination was based on the Baldus
Study, which showed that in Georgia, defendants who killed
white victims were more than four times as likely to get
the death penalty than those who killed blacks.

Ndiaye commented that "many sources have expressed concern
as to whether the election of judges puts their
independence at risk."

While the Special Rapporteur stressed that the election of
judges did not necessarily influence the outcome of
judicial decisions, he added that the lack of financial
transparency during the election campaigns and the short
duration of terms meant judges were more exposed to
pressure, which could jeopardize their independence or
impartiality.

During his visit to the United States, Ndiaye gathered
information about other types of violations of the right to
life, particularly those caused by excessive use of force.
"Deadly force nationwide is more likely to be
disproportionately used on racial minorities," he observed.

Cases of people killed by police brought to the attention
of the Special Rapporteur all concerned members of ethnic
minorities, mainly African-Americans and Hispanics.


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------------------------------

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 15:37:05 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Iran defends death penalty, stoning as "cultural"

Iran Rejects U.N. Criticism on Human Rights

Reuters 10-APR-98

TEHRAN (Reuters) - Iran has rejected a U.N. report
criticizing its human rights record, saying it ignored the
country's religious and cultural character.

The Iranian news agency IRNA Friday quoted foreign ministry
spokesman Mahmoud Mohammadi as saying the U.N. special
investigator who prepared the report ``had failed to take
into account the issue of diversity of cultures.''

Referring to the election of moderate President Mohammad
Khatami last May, Mohammadi also said that the investigator
``had failed to take into account certain realities,
specifically of events taking shape in Iran since last
year.''

The U.N. special investigator for Iran, Canadian Maurice
Copithorne, rebuked Iran in the report issued Wednesday,
saying human rights had deteriorated under Khatami's new
government.

The report welcomed efforts by the government to improve
freedom of expression, but drew special attention to 199
executions in Iran in 1997, 95 of which Copithorne said
were in public.

He condemned Iran's practice of execution by stoning. ``The
Iranian spokesman showed disappointment (about) the fact
that Copithorne had made a prejudgment on the issue of the
Islamic legal system, which was intricately intertwined
with both cultural and social matters in the Muslim
community,'' IRNA said.

``Mohammadi pointed out that the human rights issue was
related to all mankind, adding that the world community
could only promote its objectives when it pays respect to
the beliefs, culture and different religions,'' the agency
added.

Iran has repeatedly rejected Western criticism of sentences
handed down under its Islamic laws, such as amputations of
fingers, passed sometimes in cases of multiple robberies,
and stoning, handed down in some adultery cases.

Copyright 1998 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved.



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------------------------------

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 00:54:02 +0100
From: Asghar Abdi <asghar@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: ba erf (M. Kar)

bGh hayy kh rvzhay pr Svr zmstan 57, qlmdvS pdran, dr AQvS madran, zyr
sayban kalskh ha, ba anqlab Hrkt my krdnd, pstank bh dhan daStnd v gahy Anra
az dhan br my grftnd v TvTy var zban bh Azady my gSvdnd, aynk 20 salh Sdh
and v pndary bar dygr zban bh azady gSvdh and. ama ayn bar TvTy var Sear nmy
dhnd. nbvd Azady ra ta mQz astKvan lms krdh and v tCavyr mSKCy az mHdvdyt dr
xmyrSan nqS bsth ast kh zdvdny nyst v ba trfndhay syasy hm pak nmy Svd. bh
nam anqlab, mmnveh hayy br anha tHmyl krdh and kh ba blvQ v erf sazgar ast v
az Skaf myan snt Hqvqy v nyazhay rvzAmd ajtmaey Kbr my dhd. ...
bGh hay anqlab hmgam ba Hrkt hay anqlaby bh ayn qnaet vjdany rsydh and kh
jvan bvdn, jvany krdn v mXahr blvQ ra dr xmyr prvrandn, mstlzm qanvn Skny
ast, mtqaed Sdh and bh ayn kh agr qanvn, teadl rvany ra az jameh slb knd, dr
Kvr aetna nyst.
000az Anja kh nmy Svd ba Hvas pnjganh v Kdadady, dr pnah qanvn, jhan v Tbyet
ra dyd v Snyd v lms krd, lZa nmy tvanym mveXh knym v az klmat qCary mannd
òqanvn bd bhtr az by qanvny astå bray HfX nXm mvjvd v tqvyt Hs tslym v aTaet
nsbt bh qvanyn jary astfadh my knym....
dr mvardy kh mtvjh nabrabry hay dyny v jnsyty dr qvanyn jary ast, qanvn Skny
Syvh ay Sdh ast mrxyh kh ba hdf edalt Kvahy, tamyn Azady v HfX Sraft v Hycyt
ansany, tvjyh my Svd. mcal:
zn mTlqh ay az trs tmhyd qaedh tvsT qanvngZar kh mfad madh 1169 qanvn mdny
br An dlalt dard, frznd KvdS ra my dzdd v bh yary evaml qanvn Skn kh dr tmam
Sryanhay Kdmaty jameh feal hstnd, av ra bTvr Qyr qanvny az kSvr Karj my knd.
Aya davry pyramvn aqdam ayn zn, bh davry pyramvn qanvn mnjr nmy Svd? Aya ayn
aqdam kh dr mjmveh ònXam qanvn Skny bray tamyn Hqvq ansanyå v tHqyq Kvasth
eadlh, qrar my gyrd, qabl srznS ast? Aya my danyd kh Hty Kvd qxat, gahy Kvd
ayn nsKh Qyr qanvny ra by Ankh dr avraq Cvrtjlsh dadgah anekas yabd, my
pyGnd v yadAvr my Svnd Gvn qanvn dst San ra bsth ast, mClHt Tfl aqtxa my knd
madr HafX Hqvq ansany Kvd v frzndS Svd, v av ra bh hr nHvh kh mysr ast zyr
Gtr Hmayt Kvd bgyrd.
agr dr bystmyn sal anqlab njnbym v rySh hay by aetbar Sdn qanvn ra kh mnjr
bh xdyt ba qanvn Sdh ast, Snasayy nknym, frda Kyly dyr ast . afsvs ta knvn
az trs bh mvxvey bh ayn ahmyt kmtr prdaKth aym v jameh ra vanhadh aym ta zyr
bar sngyn v KSvnt Amyz bKSy az qvanyn kh bh zndgy erfy ma rySHnd zdh v by
aetnayy krdh v zndgy frhngy frzndan ma ra ba ryakary AmyKth ast, Sanh Km
knd. aynk ja dard az Kvd bprsym ba bGh hay anqlab kh zbanSan ra ba klmh
Azady ba gSvdh aym, Gh krdh aym kh nagzyr Sdh and ba qanvn Skny, bh zyst
frdy v ajtmaey Kvd saman bKSnd? Aya dr ayran amrvz, rySh nasazgary ba erf ra
kh mnjr bh qanvn Skny v ryakary Sdh ast my tvan nadydh grft? rasty erf Gyst
kh vqty aydivlvJy elyh An qyam my knd, abtda ansan srgyjh my gyrd v dyry nmy
payd kh srgyjh az Shrvnd bh Hakmyt srayt my knd v dr mvardy bh anhdam v
frvpaSy hmh Gyz my anjamd. erf Gyst kh nyrvhay srkvbgr Hryf An nmy Svnd -
shl ast- mQlvb An my Svnd.
erf mrdm dr aemal v meamlatSan Gyzy ast kh mvrd psnd Anan ast bh trtyby kh
Tbe bh An ans v alft grfth ast. erf ebart az eadt emvm mrdm dr gftar v krdar
v br Hsb teryf Qzaly òerf An ast kh az svy eql ha dr nfvs astqrar yafth v
Tbaye slym An ra pZyrfth and.å hmGnyn my danym hyG Sryety dr vqt Xhvr,
nabKrdanh, zvrmdaranh v az sr by nyazy ba erf mqablh nkrdh ast. agr my krd
kh mandgar nmy Sd. ba vjvd tearyfy kh az erf dr dstrs ast, Sahd bvdh aym dr
salhay bed az anqlab, Anja kh Hkam vqt, erf mlt ayran ra amxa krdh and v bh
An arj nhadh and, ntayj drKSan eayd Sdh v Anja kh erf mlt ayran ra nadydh
grfth and, HaCl kar yksrh mnfy bvdh ast. ...
Cdha mcal eyny ajtmaey dr sh CfHh...
Aya qanvngzar Hq dard erf v aCvl v qvaedy ra kh dr jameh vjvd dard bh hngam
anSa¡ qanvn, mvrd Qflt qrar dhd v payh v mbnay qanvngzary ra dr erf jvamey
bjvyd kh kmtryn sazgary ba erf jameh av ndard?
Aya qanvn dr tearx ba erf svdmnd ast?
Aya qanvn mdny kh ba aClaHat mkrr dr byst sal aKyr br mvardy az An taKth and
v mcla xmn aClaHat sn blvQ dKtran ra 9 sal bh sal qmry v sn blvQ psran ra 15
sal bh sal qmry teyyn krdh and, ba erf ayn jameh sazgar Sdh ast?
aynk bsyary az qvanyn ma ba aCvl v qvaed mvrd eml dr jameh v erf nasazgar
ast. Aya tnbyhat bdny dr mjmveh hay qvanyn amrvzy kh bh tKth Slaq v sngsar v
brydn dst v angSt v...zndgy dvbarh bKSydh ast, ba erf ayn jameh v jhan
pyramvny sazgar ast? ba ayn mjazat hay sngyn, kdamyk az jraym adeayy ta knvn
kntrl Sdh ast?
az ayn rv pr vaxH ast kh hr Gnd dr Zhn qanvn gzar anqlaby ayran bh hngam
anSa qanvn, mvxvey az qbyl tnbyhat sKt v Taqt frsay bdny vjvd daSth ast, ama
Gvn mCadyq pZyrfth Sdh An dr jameh vjvd ndaSth v az salha pyS az anqlab, az
qlmrv erf mrdm ayran Karj Sdh bvdh ast, ayn qvanyn faqd rvH ast v dr ntyjh
bh xrb An, jraym kntrl nmy Svd. blkh qvanyn pyapy dr mvaxe dfaey qrar my
gyrnd v mfsran nagzyr az jvab gvyy hstnd.
bnabryn ba qanvn by rvH, ba qanvny kh ba erf rvzgary kh qrar ast dr An
rvzgar bh mvqe ajra gZaSth Svd, tnasb ndard, mmkn ast nve Asyb pZyry az nXm
ra ayjad krd, ama hrgz nmy tvan teadl ra kh zmynh saz cbat v amyt v AsayS
ast frahm saKt. nXm mvjvd, frzndan ma ra bh dvgangy dr SKCyt v ryakary
mbtla krdh ast v ma zyr slTh qranyn mearx ba erf, frzndan Kvd ra bh gvnh ay
trbyt my knym ta bray HfX amnyt jany v SQly, ryakary ra pySh Kvd saznd.
ntyjh ayn Sdh kh Anha dr meabr emvmy Tvry vanmvd my knnd kh gvya az Hyc
Xahry v baTny avnyfvrmh Sdh and v tmam mHdvdythay Qyr erfy ra pZyrfth and,
vly dr zndgy KCvCy v frdy ba hr nve qyd v SrTy kh rng v bvyy az mHdvdyt
daSth baSd Hty ba mHdvdythayy kh lazmh v xrvrt rSd v aetla¡ SKCyt Anhast,
enad my vrznd. An tfryT dr syast hay frhngy v qanvngzary, bh ayn afraT
anjamydh ast....
nvysndh bh Kvd ajazh my dhd ta ba vjvd nSanh hay jdy az vKamt mvqeyt ajtmaey
kh bKSy az An naSy az edm syastgzary v qanvngzary ba nyazhay zmanh ast,
xrvrt tjdydnXr dr amvr ra mtZkr bSvd v...

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 9 Apr 1998 to 10 Apr 1998
**************************************************