Date: Feb 5, 1998 [ 10: 55: 51]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 4 Feb 1998 to 5 Feb 1998 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 4 Feb 1998 to 5 Feb 1998 - Special issue
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There are 11 messages totalling 1341 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. irna: leader & president
2. A circus in Huntsville, Texas
3. Old Testament culture of violence and vengeance
4. Iran to appoint woman ambassador to Europe
5. German death verdict result of political rivalries
6. Hezbollah denies tearing Khatami's pictures
7. Liberal Farrokhi a national hero of liberty
8. US prepares for aimless orgy of violence
9. Iraq crisis fuels fears of intifada
10. Gulf War legacy of fear
11. Fwd: First follow-up to EX 96/97 on Iran

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 14:27:19 +1100
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: irna: leader & president

tehran, feb. 4, irna -- the leader of the islamic revolution,

ayatollah ali khamenei, here on wednesday referred to velayat-e

faqih (guardianship of jurisprudence) and rejection of foreign

influence as two major pillars of the islamic system of government.

the concept of velayat originates from quran and hadidh,

therefore, the leader added, people should approach it exactly like

any other dictates of sharia (religious laws).

stressing the importance of people's loyalty and obedience to

the velayat, the leader said that people should be guided towards

true devotion to this central figure in the islamic system of

government.

rejecting the western brand of democracy, ayatollah khamenei

said that contrary to what is advertized, the people in western

states including the u.s., do not have a real role in the political

affairs of their countries.

in contrast, the leader added, the iranian revolution and

subsequently the islamic system were mere products of people's

demands and wishes.

touching on the significant role played by the late imam khomeini

in the country's history, the leader said that the late imam started a

lasting political movement based on a divine inspired school of

thought.

the esteemed leader referred to 'neither west nor east', much

promoted by the late imam, as the central theme of the islamic

republic's policy which has helped the country resist hegemonic

influences.

the world is divided into an ensemble of powerful states

possessing advanced technoloy and strong economies, and a majority of

weak and poor countries which are vulnerable to aggressions, ayatollah

khamenei said.

the powerful states take advantage of their modern technology

to gain political dominance over the weak nations, he added.

therefore, the appropriate way of resisting the hegemony of the

u.s. is imam khomeini's initiative ''to build a sturdy and high

reaching wall before the u.s.''

negotioations with the u.s. is harmful to the iranian nation, the

leader said, adding that the islamic government has from the beginning

rejected and will reject any such negotiations.







president calls for further investments in field of research

tehran, feb. 4, irna -- president mohammad khatami here wednesday

underlined the need to make more investments in the areas of

research.

he made the remarks in a meeting held to honor the top researchers

and innovators slected at the 11th international kharazmi festival.

stressing the importance of sciences and research, the president

said that scientific and industrial research is essential for the

country.

the most unfortunate nations are those which, despite enjoying

great potential, are deprived of technology to make use of them

and instead are in need of products made by other countries, he noted.

if the country had been interested in knowledge and techniques

in the past, it would have been able to offer oil at a price one

hundred time as much as its current price, he added.

president khatami further reiterated that the oil revenue should

be used in a way to improve production as well as training of skilled

manpower in order to tip the trade balance in favor of exports.

at the end of the ceremony the president presented the top

participants in kharazmi festival with special awards and plaques of

honor.






tehran, feb. 5, irna -- iranian president hojjatoleslam mohammad

khatami on wedndesday said persuing detente in iran's foreign policy

along with keeping islamic principles is a realistic trend which

would help eliminate grounds for any possible foreign abuse and move

towards calm and peace.

adressing the members of the experts assembly, the president

stressed the need for strictly abiding by law in the country and

said the notion that iran's islamic system is based on the

constitution should be firmly established notably at a time when

the revolution generation and prominent personalities are present in

the social and political scenes of the country.

president khatami pointed out that relying on the constitution

principles is necessary for defending the islamic nature of the

system, the principle of islamic leadership as well as the people's

rights. he said the constitution ensures freedom and legal rights of

people while preventing any notion of freedom which could harm islamic

fundamentals and the public rights.

the president also called on the experts assembly members as

prominent and trustworthy personalities to encourage all people to

become law-abiding citizens. he also noted that the principle of

leadership and that of the experts assembly are two complementary

fundamental bases which together strengthen the islamic system of

the country.

meanwhile, the head of the experts assembly, ayatollah ali

meshkini, in an address called on the government to pay further

attention to certain subjects including the situation of the women in

iran on which some false comments are given from time to time about

alleged oppression against them. he advised the government to expound

on the fact that the existence of cases of oppression, if any, should

not be attributed to islam, but efforts should be made to find

solutions for such problems.

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 4 Feb 1998 20:37:20 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi0@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: A circus in Huntsville, Texas

[This is a courtesy copy of an article posted to Usenet via Deja News]

Ghoulish gather for last hours of Prisoner 777

Voyeurs in witch hats chanted 'Have a nice day Karla Faye'.
Joanna Coles witnesses the theatre in Huntsville, Texas

Wednesday February 4, 1998

Amid scenes of screaming, jeering and Christian singing
outside the prison, Karla Faye Tucker last night became the
first woman to be executed in Texas since the civil war.

As it became clear the Supreme Court had rejected her final
appeal and there would be no last-minute clemency from the
State Governor, George Bush, a huge video recording of
Tucker flickered into life just outside the prison gate in
Huntsville.

"In the old West before they hanged a man they let him have
a final word," boomed a disembodied voice over a tannoy.
"Karla's last wish was to have a song." The crowd shouted
its disapproval, with many yelling, "It's time to die."

"Come on guys, the lady is about to die," beseeched the
voice which belonged to the priest who converted her. The
crowd jeered even louder.

Tucker, who admitted murdering Jerry Lynn Dean and Deborah
Thornton with a pickaxe in 1983 was executed by lethal
injection. Aged 38, she had spent 13 years on death row.

Her case electrified America, refocusing the debate on the
death penalty versus redemption. Her remorse, good looks
and media savvy made her a cause céleˇbre, splitting the
rightwing Christian coalition.

As the witnesses filed into Huntsville prison to watch the
execution, Melody Kirschke, a Christian musician, began
singing Amazing Grace. A helicopter circled ominously
overhead and 20 state troopers, silent in their black
uniforms and cream stetsons, kept guard outside the main
gate.

All day the crowds had gathered, the 25 satellite
television trucks hovering outside the prison.

On the grass outside the jail, it felt like a carnival. The
sun was streaming, warming the scent of fresh-mown grass.
Female producers, coke cans in hand, raced around with
clipboards, television reporters carefully retouched
make-up and Bianca Jagger, dressed in black velvet and
representing Amnesty International, strolled around barking
into a mobile phone.

"It's like going to the theatre," grinned Hugger Bart, who
had driven up from Houston with his fox terrier Joshua to
see the commotion. At 1pm a helicopter announced the
arrival of prisoner 777 - Karla Faye Tucker.

By 5.15pm 200 voyeurs had gathered, including children from
two nearby schools and several adults dressed as witches
with tall black pointy hats chanting: "Have a nice day
Karla Faye."

At 5pm Larry Fitzgerald, the prison's information officer,
issued a bizarre minute-by-minute breakdown of her final
day.

It read: 10.20am Tucker reading to family from Bible.
11.50am Dana Brown [her husband] saying prayer. 11.54am
Tucker crying for first time. 11.55am Tucker and family
members have their hands to the plastic screen for
closeness. 12noon visit ended. Tucker returned to cell.
1.12pm taken to death row at Huntsville unit.

Earlier, on the prison steps, Mr Fitzgerald had patiently
explained what would happen. "At 6.01pm she'll be led into
the death chamber," he said.

What if she refused to get on to the bed, demanded a
reporter. "I've seen 50 executions and only one person
couldn't get up there, because his legs were trembling,"
said Mr Fitzgerald brightly. "Everyone else hopped up."

"What's the death chamber like?" asked someone else.

"Well the death house is a bungalow affair," he continued,
as if describing a holiday cottage. "She's then strapped
down by the tie-down team, and at that point she will have
an intravenous injection inserted and the witnesses will be
escorted in."

"What, to the same room?" hissed an incredulous French
journalist.

"No, to a room with a screen 3ft away. There's a speaker
rigged up so she can speak to them."

Behind the red-brick prison wall, Tucker was supposed to be
eating her final meal of a banana, a peach and a salad
(Italian dressing), but she had turned it down.

Mr Fitzgerald ran through the process which, three hours
later, would kill her. "There are three chemicals - sodium
thiopental, which puts her to sleep, pancuronium bromide
and potassium chloride." A saline drip would clear the
veins to ensure quick passage for the lethal cocktail.

"The diaphragm collapses issuing an involuntary escape of
air from the lungs," he added. "That's the only noise the
witnesses will hear."

A violent end to a violent life. Introduced to marijuana at
the age of eight, Tucker progressed to heroin at 12. In the
three days before she murdered Jerry Lynn Dean and Deborah
Thornton, she and her boyfriend Daniel Garrett went on a
drugs spree, taking methadone, heroin, Valium and Mandrax
in addition to their staple diet of marijuana, tequila and
rum.

She left 24 pickaxe gashes in Dean's body. Cowering in the
next room, Thornton begged to go free. Tucker and Garrett
took an hour to kill her.

Fifteen years on and the crime is still remembered, though
Garrett died in prison and few doubt the depths of Tucker's
remorse. But her conversion to Christianity was not the
issue yesterday, nor was her gender.

"If women want to earn the same as men," said Billy Ray
Smith, a local car salesman, "then they have to take the
same punishment."

Over his omelette at the Cafe Texas on Sam Houston Avenue,
he said he had worked with Tucker's husband, a part-time
prison chaplain and car dealer. The couple married by proxy
two years ago, their visits separated by a screen.

"I asked him once, I said what made you marry her and he
said he just fell in love with her. I don't understand how
you could do that without having relations, if you see what
I mean..."

"Why y'all bothering with one woman dying anyway?" asked
Eddie Marsh, owner of D&M Uniforms. "There's half a million
of them dying in Africa and no one's reporting that."

"I don't believe in capital punishment," said Donald
Vaughan, a former prison officer who worked on death row
for five years. "Anyone can make a mistake."

"With a pickaxe?" interrupted Jim Standefer, owner of U
Pawn It. "Please. She's obviously got problems. And I do
believe she's turned to Jesus, but so do a lot of guys.
Trouble is the appeal process takes too long. They need to
get it over and done with."

From behind the counter his son Jeremy nodded: "In Arabia
they cut of their hands if they steal..."

"And I heard there's no stealing," said his father,
defiantly crossing his arms.

"She got a sexual kick," murmured Jeremy.

"Far from normal," muttered his dad. "And they claim crime
is down. Well, I tell you I just don't believe it."


Copyright Guardian Media Group plc 1998

-------------------==== Posted via Deja News ====-----------------------
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------------------------------

Date: Wed, 4 Feb 1998 20:37:12 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi0@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Old Testament culture of violence and vengeance

[This is a courtesy copy of an article posted to Usenet via Deja News]

Excerpt:

``Therefore the Greens call upon all European enterprises
to invest only in those states of the U.S.A. which do not
apply the death penalty and to shun states in which this
barbaric punishment is still used.''

The statement condemned what it called the American ``Old
Testament culture of violence and vengeance'' and said
applying the death penalty puts the United States on the
same human rights level as China or Iran.



Europe, U.N. Condemns Tucker Execution

Reuters 04-FEB-98 By Braden Reddall

LONDON (Reuters) - The U.N. human rights commissioner, the
president of Italy, the European Parliament and newspapers
across the continent Wednesday condemned the execution of
American axe murderer Karla Faye Tucker in Texas.

The case has rekindled the transatlantic debate on capital
punishment and the European Parliament in Brussels asked
the U.S. Congress to find a venue outside Texas for a June
meeting scheduled for Houston.

The Greens in the Parliament, a group of environmentalists,
called for an investment boycott of American states which
apply the death penalty.

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Mary
Robinson, declaring herself saddened by the execution, said
one death did not justify another.

Robinson, former president of Ireland, said the increasing
use of the death penalty in the United States and some
other countries ``is a matter of serious concern'' and ran
counter to a general world desire for abolition.

``I was saddened to learn of the death by lethal injection
of Karla Faye Tucker, who was put to death for murders she
committed 15 years ago,'' Robinson, currently visiting U.N.
headquarters in New York, said.

``I have full sympathy for the families of the victims of
murder and other crimes, but I do not accept that one death
justifies another,'' she said in the statement issued from
her Geneva office.

Robinson, one of whose law degrees is from Harvard
University, said her own views on the death penalty were
reflected in the wording of a protocol to the U.N.
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

This declared, as quoted by her statement: ``Abolition of
the death penalty contributes to enhancement of human
dignity and progressive development of human rights.''

Italian President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, speaking in a
critical tone, referred ironically to people who travel to
the United States because they have ``wonderful doctors who
cure terrible diseases...though with other injections.''

Italy has no death penalty and is among the most vocal
supporters of a total ban on capital punishment.

Referring to the cheer given by death penalty advocates
outside the prison when Tucker's execution was announced,
Scalfaro said, ``And to think it is almost the year 2000.''
European Parliament member Lucio Manisco, vice-chairman of
the Parliament's U.S. delegation, said in an open letter
that Tucker's execution ``has earned this State (Texas) the
barbaric title of execution capital of the United States.''

He added, ``The European Parliament having taken a firm
stand against capital punishment, I find totally
unacceptable the choice of Houston, Texas, as the city
where our delegation should meet in June with members of
the U.S. Congress.''

The Greens said in a statement, ``We are afraid that this
execution will lead to the death penalty being viewed as a
normal procedure and that the authorities in the U.S.A.
will be executing more and faster.

``Therefore the Greens call upon all European enterprises
to invest only in those states of the U.S.A. which do not
apply the death penalty and to shun states in which this
barbaric punishment is still used.''

The statement condemned what it called the American ``Old
Testament culture of violence and vengeance'' and said
applying the death penalty puts the United States on the
same human rights level as China or Iran.

Tucker's execution sparked fears in Ireland that an
American woman lawyer facing extradition on murder
conspiracy charges could face the same fate.

Ireland's main opposition party described the execution as
``barbarous'' and sought assurances about Beth Carpenter,
34, a U.S. citizen who faces extradition charges.

``We should register our strong protest by making
particular issue of the extradition proceedings against Ms.
Carpenter,'' Gay Mitchell, Fine Gael's foreign affairs
spokesman, said in a statement.

Mitchell said Tucker's execution led him to seek assurances
from the government about Carpenter, a lawyer who is wanted
in connection with the fatal shooting of her brother-in-law
in Connecticut in 1994.

He said that under Irish law she could not be extradited if
she faced possible execution.

The felony offence for which she was sought in the United
States did not exist in Irish law, he added.

The parliamentary spokesman for human rights for Germany's
opposition Social Democrats (SPD), Rudolf Binding, said,
``The execution of Karla Faye Tucker is outrageous and
incomprehensible. It violates the most elementary of human
rights: the right to life,'' he said.

Binding added that 40 European nations had either abolished
the death penalty or at least set up a de facto moratorium
on it. He said Ukraine was the only country in Europe where
the death penalty was still enforced.

French Finance Minister Dominique Strauss-Kahn started off
a live radio interview Wednesday by speaking out against
the execution.

``Yesterday evening, I hoped, like many others, that this
great country America, a country of liberty, would change.
I have to say I'm very shocked that, in this day and age,
highly developed and cultured countries can continue to
impose the death penalty,'' he said.

Spanish broadsheet El Pais condemned the execution as a
``contemptible penalty.''

``Neither she nor any other person should have been
condemned to death in the U.S. because the death penalty is
immoral,'' the paper said in an editorial column.

The Spanish newspaper El Mundo suggested Texas governor
George Bush, a Republican hopeful for candidacy in the next
presidential election in 2000, was forced to reject
Tucker's appeal to keep his presidential chances alive.

``If Bush had shown clemency, going in the face of the
Court of Appeal, it would have forever remained on his CV
(resume) as an act of faintheartedness, inappropriate for
an aspiring presidential candidate,'' El Mundo said in an
editorial.

The paper carried a cartoon of the American flag, with the
stripes representing emptying containers of lethal
injection agents.

The left-leaning British paper The Guardian said using
lethal injections as a means of execution did not diminish
the horror of the act.

``All execution is degrading and inhumane. Whether it is
less horrible than other methods is not relevant,'' it said
in a editorial.

La Libre Belgique, a leading Belgian daily newspaper, held
its front page until early Wednesday morning to print news
of the execution, columnist Robert Verdussen said.

``The name of Karla Faye Tucker will be inscribed in the
annals of justice as a crying example of the absurdity of
the death penalty,'' Verdussen wrote in his commentary.

^REUTERS@ Reut12:17 02-04-98 SLUG: BC-EXECUTION-TUCKER-REAC

Copyright 1998 Reuters Limited.All rights reserved.

-------------------==== Posted via Deja News ====-----------------------
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------------------------------

Date: Wed, 4 Feb 1998 20:37:31 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi0@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Iran to appoint woman ambassador to Europe

[This is a courtesy copy of an article posted to Usenet via Deja News]

Iran Daily (IRNA)
February 5, 1998


For Your Infornmation, But...


The foreign ministry has decided to appoint a woman as an
ambassador to one of the European countries. Although no
name has been mentioned yet, the ministry seems to be
serious about the matter.

-------------------==== Posted via Deja News ====-----------------------
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------------------------------

Date: Wed, 4 Feb 1998 20:41:08 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi0@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: German death verdict result of political rivalries

[This is a courtesy copy of an article posted to Usenet via Deja News]

Iran Daily (IRNA)
February 5, 1998


What's Up?


The death decree passed on the German businessman is in
retal-iation to the Mykonos court ruling, a German member
of the parliament told the BBC TV Monday. The MP claimed
that the verdict issued because of Helmut Hofer's illegal
affair with an Iranian woman is to take revenge over the
German court's judgment last April, implying that Tehran
was involved in killing four Kurd separatists in Berlin.
The local court's ruling resulted in a row between Iran and
the European Union when it recalled its envoys from Tehran.
The dispute was settled after disagreements among the EU
states over taking a unified approach against Tehran were
patched up. The German MP who is also a member of the
German parlia-ment's Foreign Affairs Committee also told
the BBC that Hofer's case would negatively affect both the
Tehran-Bonn as well as Tehran-EU relations. He related the
verdict to what he called differences among Iran's
political strata. The Iranian judiciary is under the
influence of traditionalists who are opposing any
rapprochement of ties with the West, he said.

-------------------==== Posted via Deja News ====-----------------------
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------------------------------

Date: Wed, 4 Feb 1998 20:41:19 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi0@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Hezbollah denies tearing Khatami's pictures

[This is a courtesy copy of an article posted to Usenet via Deja News]

Iran Daily (IRNA)
February 5, 1998


What's Up?


The Hezbollah of Isfahan (Isfahan Party of God) said Monday
it has lodged a complaint against the morning daily Salam
and the political activist Behzad Nabavi. Denying a report
in the daily's "Hotline" column, the group said its
followers never tore the pictures of President Mohammad
Khatami in the Qods Day demon-strations. Supporting
(President) Khatami is akin to supporting (the Leader
Ayatollah Seyyed Ali) Khamenei, it said. Those who try to
separate Mr Khatami from the Hezbollahi Ummah have indeed
vol-unteered to tread on the road of Islam's enemies. The
group's com-munique also called as 'baseless' remarks by
Nabavi -- a member of the Organization of the Islamic
Revolution Mojahedin -- at a religious ritual in Esfahan in
the holy month of Ramadhan. Nabavi's assertion that only
few people have objected to (Ayatollah Hossein-Ali)
Montazeri and that they chanted slogans against (President)
Khatami is a lie, read the communique.

-------------------==== Posted via Deja News ====-----------------------
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------------------------------

Date: Wed, 4 Feb 1998 21:01:17 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi0@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Liberal Farrokhi a national hero of liberty

[This is a courtesy copy of an article posted to Usenet via Deja News]

Iran Daily (IRNA)
February 5, 1998


Farrokhi Yazdi A revolutionary poet

By Bahman Almasi


Mirza Mohammad, the son of Mohammad Ebrahim Semsar-e Yazdi,
whose nom de plume was Farrokhi, was born in Yazd in 1902.

Due to his family's financial difficulties, he received a
short spell of educa-tion at a traditional school in Yazd,
learning the Persian language and the fun-damentals of
Arabic literature.

Enjoying a liberal and noble mentality, Farrokhi composed
revolutionary poems and joined the circle of the
open-minded journalists of his era.

According to late Abdol-Hossein Aayati, pen-named
'Aavaareh' (The Vagrant), Farrokhi was deeply influenced by
Sa'di and Mas'oud-e Sa'd-e Salman, and followed their
poetical meters in his poetry.

Farrokhi was living at a time when liberals were joining
the Democratic Party. He too entered the circles of
nationalists and severely criticized the authorities who
undermine national interests. He was soon imprisoned and
put on trial on the charge of revealing the crimes
committed by the despotic ruler of Yazd, Zeiqam od-Dowleh
Qashqaei.

During his trial, Farrokhi bravely defended himself and the
rights of Iranians. This daring act infuriated the ruler
who ordered that Farrokhi's mouth be sealed and he be
imprisoned.

In the prison, Farrokhi composed blazing poems, which
inspired and encour-aged the fervent Iranian patriots who
were fighting for freedom.

These events coincided with the Constitution Movement, when
the young, inexperienced King Ahmad Shah was on the throne.
During his reign, cruel governors tyrannized the weak
subjects throughout the country. Ahmad Shah was finally
dethroned, and Farrokhi was released from captivity.

When he was 22, Farrokhi set out for Tehran, where he
started to write about the circumstances of the country.

At the outbreak of the World War I, Farrokhi left Iran for
Iraq and went on to propagate his views on the despotic
policies of British colonialists. There too, Farrokhi faced
the antagonism of the authorities, and subsequently
returned to Iran. Farrokhi also narrowly escaped an
assassination attempt in Tehran.

Along with other liberty fighters like Mirzadeh Eshqi,
Farrokhi condemned the shameful agreement signed by the
premier Vosouq od-Dowleh and once again landed up in jail.

After suffering years of imprisonment, Farrokhi was finally
released and obtained the permission to publish 'Toufan'
(The Storm), a newspaper which he had long desired to
publish. Although 'Toufan' was frequently banned, Farrokhi
continued to publish his patriotic views, addressing the
revolutionaries and devotees of freedom through such
newspapers as 'Setareh-ye Sharq' (The Star of the East),
'Qiyam-o Peykar' (Uprising and Combat), etc.

'Toufan' (The Storm), Farrokhi's cherished newspaper, was
one of the most popular newspapers of its time with a wide
circulation. When it was banned, Farrokhi himself sold
copies of the newspaper, which were printed in secret
print-shops, at Tehran's inter-sections.

Farrokhi, the liberal publicist, was once elected as the
representative of Yazd in the 7th National Consultative
Assembly. As a member of the par-liament, Farrokhi had
severe argu-ments and disputes with the represen-tatives
who favored the monarch.

The stranglehold over the Parliament was beyond Farrokhi's
tolerance and, therefore, he preferred to leave the
Parliament. He even sus-pended his newspaper 'Toufan', left
Iran and chose to reside in Moscow for a while, where he
thought he could freely express his ideas.

In Moscow, Farrokhi criticized communism and was forced to
leave for Berlin, where he published arti-cles against the
Iran's despotic gov-ernment in an Iranian newspaper called
'Peykar' (The Battle).

Later, 'Peykar' too was banned and Farrokhi set out to live
in West Germany, where he brought out a newspaper called
'Nehzat' (The Movement), which also aroused much anger
among the German authorities.

Farrokhi was obliged to leave West Germany, which coincided
with the visit of Teymour Tash, the minister of Reza Khan,
the founder of Pahlavi Dynasty. Teymour Tash presented
Farrokhi with an official document that guaranteed his safe
stay in Iran.

'Toufan' (The Storm) was thus once more revived in Tehran
with the same anti-dictatorship orientation. At this time,
Farrokhi was regarded as a national hero of liberty.

Farrokhi openly opposed the cabinets of Mostowfi
ol-Mamalek, Qavam os-Saltaneh and Sardar Sepah (Reza Khan
Pahlavi) himself. After another period of struggle, he was
once gain put on trial for the second time and was jailed
for years in the horrendous Qasr Prison of Tehran.

Farrokhi made some unsuccessful suicide attempts due to the
intolerable tor-tures he went through in the Pahlavi
prison.

Finally, in 1937, he was martyred as a result of an
injection administered by Dr Ahmadi, notorious for
executing political prisoners.

Farrokhi, the renowned Iranian poet, journalist and freedom
fighter, dedicat-ed his whole life to fight the corrupt
rulers. His spirit did not break in the face of
deprivation, treachery, discrimination, poverty and even
torture.

He composed the following verse in the inhumane prison
conditions:

Alas, I know ye not,
And fear living until senile,
To embrace thee,
Oh dear, late-coming death,
Is truly my liberty


In 1941, when Reza Khan was banished from the country, and
a short-lived breeze of freedom blew in Iran, the criminals
connected with Farrokhi's mur-der were put on trial. Dr
Ahmadi was sentenced to death and executed in Sepah Sq.
(now Imam Square) of Tehran. He confessed to killing
Farrokhi and other noble Iranians.

The nature of Farrokhi's revolutionary poetry, along with
his ardent lectures, brought him nationwide fame and he was
bestowed with the title: 'Lesan ol-Melleh' (The Tongue of
the Nation). This was accorded to him by a faithful Iranian
nation in return for his selfless sacrifices and devotion
towards the cherished cause of liberty.

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------------------------------

Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 00:21:20 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi0@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: US prepares for aimless orgy of violence

[This is a courtesy copy of an article posted to Usenet via Deja News]

The Guardian
Thursday February 5, 1998


UN raises doubts over bomb targets

Iraq's hidden arsenal

By David Fairhall, Julian Borger, and Ian Black in Riyadh


United Nations inspectors do not know where Saddam
Hussein's chemical or biological weapons are hidden or even
whether they exist in usable form, Whitehall sources
admitted yesterday.

The disclosure raises serious concerns about the purpose
and intended targets of the bombing campaign threatened by
the US and Britain and opposed by most Arab and European
countries.

The UN's worst-case calculations suggest that many tonnes
of nerve gas and hundreds of litres of deadly anthrax
spores may be ready to load into the remnants of Iraq's
Scud missile batteries.

But yesterday's disclosures mean that unless the US has
information it is not prepared to share, air strikes would
have little chance of destroying the suspected weapons UN
inspectors cannot account for.

The revelation came as the Russian president, Boris
Yeltsin, warned in angry, off-the-cuff remarks that Bill
Clinton could " stumble into a world war" by attacking
Iraq, and as the Egyptian foreign minister, Amr Moussa,
reported a fresh Iraqi offer to open presidential sites.

" He's behaving too loudly," Mr Yeltsin said of his US
counterpart.

The remarks caused alarm in Western capitals and a flurry
of telephone calls. Tony Blair told Mr Yeltsin there had to
be a " a real threat of force and the use of force if
necessary" .

Given the doubts about targets, the planned bombing
campaign, described as the biggest since the 1991 Gulf war,
would be aimed at preventing President Saddam " from
reconstituting his [chemical and biological weapons]
capability in the near future at least" , said the US
defence secretary, William Cohen.

Whitehall sources said yesterday that, given the persistent
" deceit, concealment, harassment and obstruction" the UN
Special Commission (Unscom) has encountered in Iraq, its
inspectors had no reason to believe assurances that stocks
of chemical and biological weapons had been destroyed by
the Iraqis.

But a Foreign Office paper on Unscom's work distributed to
MPs yesterday in advance of a trip by the Foreign
Secretary, Robin Cook, to the Gulf is nevertheless based
not on positive information, but on a shrewd assessment of
what may be hidden behind the gates of closed "
presidential" sites, or could quickly be produced in secret
laboratories.

The Foreign Office paper spells out Unscom's concerns as
follows:

Iraq may still have operational Scud-type missiles with
chemical and biological warheads (two of the 819 Scuds
originally supplied by the Soviet Union are unaccounted for
and others, with sufficient range to reach Tel Aviv or
Riyadh, may have been manufactured;

17 tonnes of growth media for biological weapons are
unaccounted for - enough to produce at least three times
the quantity of anthrax Iraq belatedly admitted to having,
some of which was already loaded into missile warheads
(100kg of anthrax could annihilate 3 million people if
efficiently dispersed);

More than 600 tonnes of chemical precursors, sufficient to
make 200 tonnes of the persistent VS nerve agent, are also
unaccounted for. One drop of VX absorbed through the skin
is enough to kill;

Unscom estimates it would take Iraq, if given the chance,
five years to build a nuclear weapon, a year to produce a
long-range missile, and just weeks to manufacture chemical
and biological weapons.

Speaking before flying to Saudi Arabia to rally support for
a tough line, Mr Cook insisted it was vital that President
Saddam's " continuing attempts to build an arsenal of
terror" were stopped.

Mr Moussa said he had discussed with his Iraqi counterpart,
Mohammed Saeed el-Sahaf, the possibility of " allowing
visits, inspections to those [disputed] sites" . He said he
believed Iraq meant eight sites.

An Unscom official described the apparent offer as a red
herring.


Copyright Guardian Media Group plc 1998

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------------------------------

Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 00:21:11 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi0@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Iraq crisis fuels fears of intifada

[This is a courtesy copy of an article posted to Usenet via Deja News]

Israel on edge

Iraq crisis fuels fears of intifada

By Julian Borger, Middle East Correspondent

Thursday February 5, 1998

Israeli security forces are anxious that they may have to
face serious threats on two fronts if Palestinian
frustration with the defunct peace process boils over into
an uprising just as a new conflict erupts in the Gulf.

After the failure of the United States' last-ditch effort
at the weekend to restart the Israeli-Palestinian
negotiations and the Israeli government's approval on
Tuesday of building plans for new Jewish settlements in
Arab east Jerusalem, the Palestinian Authority is reported
to be preparing for the worst.

Israeli security officials accuse the Palestinian Authority
of smuggling banned weapons, including anti-tank missiles
and Katyusha rockets, into Gaza and the West Bank. There
are unconfirmed reports in Gaza of Palestinian police
buildings being reinforced, and concrete bunkers being
built in the expectation of an Israeli incursion.

Meanwhile the mainstream Palestinian movement Fatah is
becoming visibly more radical. The celebrations in southern
Gaza last month of its 33rd anniversary included masked
gunmen and resistance slogans.

A report in the Israeli daily Ma'ariv quoted security
officials predicting that the Palestinian Authority would
use a clash between US-led forces and Iraq to incite an
uprising in the territories. Its aim, the report said,
would be to exert maximum pressure on Israel for
concessions.

Palestinian officials denied an uprising was being planned,
but warned of a spontaneous revolt, fuelled by dashed hopes
of peace and the threat of Jewish settlements on occupied
territory.

''We have no interest in military conflict with the
Israelis,'' said Ziad Abu Zayyad, a Palestinian official
who took part in the Madrid peace talks. ''But the
Palestinian Authority must be responsible for their people,
and if the Israelis invade . . . there will be very serious
trouble.''

Twice in the past month Palestinian police and Israeli
troops have come close to opening fire on one another. On
Monday Palestinian police pointed their rifles at Israeli
troops chasing stone-throwing protesters in Bethlehem. The
Israeli army chief of staff, Amnon Shahak, has acknowledged
reports of Palestinian military preparations, but said:
''They are merely preparations . . . Nothing worries us but
bad decisions.''

Political analysts in the region fear that the possibility
of bad decisions on both sides rises with every passing day
of deadlock in Israeli-Palestinian relations.

The issue of Jewish settlements in Palestinian areas is of
particular concern. While many people's attention has been
focused on Iraq, the Israeli interior ministry has approved
plans to build 132 new homes for settlers in the volatile
Ras al Amud area of east Jerusalem. A day earlier the
housing ministry said it intended to quadruple the size of
a West Bank settlement, Gush Etzion.

When she left Israel on Sunday, the US secretary of state,
Madeleine Albright, was publicly despondent at her failure
to win agreement on the next Israeli troop withdrawal from
the West Bank.

Anxious that lack of progress was undermining Arab support
for the US stand against Iraq, Mrs Albright demanded an
unambiguous response from both camps, by next week, to
President Clinton's proposal of a phased withdrawal from
10-12 per cent of the West Bank.

The Israeli opposition has accused the prime minister,
Binyamin Netanyahu, of using fear of an Iraqi attack to
divert attention from a possible Gaza strip or West Bank
conflict. Ra'anan Cohen, a Labour Knesset deputy, said the
Palestinians' weapons were more of a danger than ''Iraqi
microbes''.


Copyright Guardian Media Group plc 1998

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------------------------------

Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 00:35:13 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi0@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Gulf War legacy of fear

[This is a courtesy copy of an article posted to Usenet via Deja News]






BBC
Wednesday, February 4, 1998 Published at 02:46 GMT


World


Gulf War legacy of fear

As military manoevres and diplomatic discussions continue
over the crisis in Iraq, the people of Baghdad live in fear
that their country may be bombed again.

Many towns and cities were badly damaged in the air raids
of 1991. In some areas they are still being rebuilt.

Economic hardship has also hit hard in the aftermath of the
Gulf War.

Baghdad is a town crammed with markets as people sell
anything and everything to eke out a living.

Economic sanctions are hitting families hard with many
having to sell household goods to survive.

A nationwide food rationing system has been in place since
1990.

But the UN says at least 500,000 people have died of
malnutrition in the past seven years.

A museum has been set up in Baghdad which serves as a
reminder of the days when the city reverberated with the
sounds of battle.

In it are models of some of the radio stations, conference
centres and bridges that were targets in the bombing raids.

Sawsun Abdel Latif, visiting the museum with her son,
remembered how difficult it was to reassure her children in
the heat of the attacks.

"Our sons and daughters were very scared then and we tried
to quieten them," she said. "If it happens again we can't
comfort them because they know how terrible it is."

Attention has also been drawn to a shelter in the city.

On February 13, 1991, it took a direct from a missile. Many
women and children were among the 400 killed. Only 14
people survived.

Today, the shelter has become a place of pilgrimage. To
people who go there, every death was an act of martyrdom at
the hands of a western conspiracy.

At the time, the US claimed the shelter concealed military
equipment - but that has never been proved beyond doubt.

One visitor to the shelter said: "The children who died
here were not just Iraqis, they were the children of all
Arabs - any patriotic Arab must know that. There was no
military target here. It was an attack on the Arab nation."

-------------------==== Posted via Deja News ====-----------------------
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------------------------------

Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 09:04:07 EST
From: CHAIRNGO@AOL.COM
Subject: Fwd: First follow-up to EX 96/97 on Iran

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From: SHARRISO <sharriso@aiusa.org>
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U R G E N T A C T I O N F O L L O W U P

The following information is from Amnesty International's research
headquarters in London, England. A.I. is an independent worldwide
movement working for the international protection of human rights. It
seeks the release of people detained because of their beliefs, color,
sex, ethnic origin, language or religious creed, provided they have not
used nor advocated violence. These are termed prisoners of
conscience. It works for fair and prompt trials for all political
prisoners
and works on behalf of such people detained without charge or trial. It
opposes the death penalty, extra-judicial executions (political
killings),
'disappearances' and torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment of all prisoners without reservation.Please do
not repost the information below to any part of the Internet without
prior permission from Amnesty International. Thank you for your help
with this appeal.

Please read the monthly Urgent Action Network Newsletter posted on
the web at: http://www.amnesty-USA.org/urgact/newslett.html

Urgent Action Network
Amnesty International USA
PO Box 1270
Nederland CO 80466-1270
Email: sharriso@aiusa.org
http://www.amnesty-usa.org/urgact/
Phone: 303 440 0913
Fax:303 258 7881
---------------------------------------------------

Note: Please write on behalf of this person even though you may not
have received the original UA when issued on July 8, 1997. Thanks!

3 February 1998
Further information on EXTRA 96/97 issued 8 July 1997 - Fear of
imminent execution / Flogging

IRAN
Hossein Dowlatkhah, businessman, aged 58

Hossein Dowlatkhah was reportedly sentenced to death on 18 June
1997 by a revolutionary court in Tehran on charges of corruption and
embezzlement. He was also accused of organizing parties with drugs,
for which he was sentenced to flogging. According to information
received by Amnesty International, Hossein Dowlatkhah's appeal
against his conviction and sentence was recently rejected by the
Supreme Court, which reportedly upheld the death sentence against
him. Hossein Dowlatkhah is believed to have been officially informed
that he is to be executed by firing squad. His sole chance of escaping
execution now rests with the possibility of a pardon by the Leader of
the Islamic Republic of Iran, on the recommendation of the Head of
the Judiciary.

From the original Urgent Action appeal:
Hossein Dowlatkhah was charged with swindling investors, corruption
and embezzlement. The court also accused him of organising 'lavish
parties' with drugs, for which he was sentenced to flogging. Iran's
official news agency, IRNA reported on Thursday 19 June that
Hossein Dowlatkhah had launched an appeal that would be referred
to the Supreme Court. Amnesty International has since received
other reports which suggest that his appeal to the Supreme Court has
been rejected. Hossein Dowlatkhah was reportedly arrested around
April 1990 when he attempted to flee the country along with his
family. He is currently being held in Evin Prison in Tehran.

FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send
telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/ airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the confirmation of the death sentence and
flogging against Hossein Dowlatkhah;
- urging for commutation of these sentences.

APPEALS TO:

1) Leader of the Islamic Republic
Ayatollah Sayed 'Ali Khamenei
c/o The Presidency, Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Your Excellency:

Telegrams: Ayatollah Khamenei, Tehran, Iran
Faxes: 011 98 21 650203 (via Interior Ministry, ask for fax to be
forwarded)

2) President
Hojjatoleslam val Moslemin Sayed Mohammad Khatami
The Presidency, Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection
Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran

Your Excellency:

Telegrams: President Khatami, Tehran, Iran
Fax: 011 98 21 674790 (via Foreign Affairs, ask for fax to be forwarded)

3) Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi
Ministry of Justice
Park-e Shahr
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Your Excellency:

Telegrams: Head of the Judiciary, Tehran, Iran


4) Minister of Information
Qorbanali Dorri Najafabadi
Ministry of Information
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Your Excellency:

Telegrams: Information Minister, Tehran, Iran


COPIES TO:
Minister of the Interior
Abdollah Nouri
Ministry of the Interior
Dr Fatemi Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Minister of Foreign Affairs
His Excellency Kamal Kharrazi
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sheikh Abdolmajid Keshk-e Mesri Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Fax: 011 98 21 674790


Chairman of the Islamic Consultative
Assembly's Human Rights Committee
Imam Khomeini Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Mr Mohammad Hassan Zia'i-Far,
Secretary, Islamic Human Rights Commission
PO Box 13165-137
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Fax: 011 98 21 204 0541

Fax: 011 98 21 899547/650203 (note:it can be
difficult to obtain fax tone)

Please send appeals immediately. Check with the Colorado
office between 9:00 am and 6:00 pm, Mountain Time,
weekdays only, if sending appeals after March 3, 1998.



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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 4 Feb 1998 to 5 Feb 1998 - Special issue
*****************************************************************