Date: Mar 14, 1998 [ 13: 50: 38]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 12 Mar 1998 to 14 Mar 1998 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 12 Mar 1998 to 14 Mar 1998 - Special issue
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There are 9 messages totalling 1399 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Tehran population largely ignores legislative by-polls
2. Iran says 60,000 exposed to chemical attacks during Iraq war
3. Iran counts 213,000 "martyrs"
4. Tehran denounces US ruling in terrorism suit as "baseless"
5. U.S. says China stops nuclear sale to Iran
6. [Humor] Marketing survey for arm purchasing
7. Socialists Embarrassed in Arms Deal Scandal
8. Some Iran related issuses in the US congress
9. [US Arms Sales Policy] US FMS during 1997

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 13:14:28 +0100
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Tehran population largely ignores legislative by-polls

TEHRAN, March 13 (AFP) - Tehran's population largely ignored
legislative by-elections held here and in three other cities on
Friday to elect five parliamentary deputies, with many polling
stations vacant for much of the day.
Visits to a dozen major polling stations in the afternoon showed
just 200 to 300 voters casting ballots there, in sharp contrast to
long queues during the presidential elections in May.
Officials said, however, that they expected to receive more
voters nearer to the time polls closed at 6:00 p.m. (2:30 GMT), or
even later if the closing time is extended in the night.
Polling started in around 3,000 stations in Tehran at 8:00 a.m.
(3:30 GMT).
Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and President
Mohammad Khatami were shown on television casting their vote for two
people running for Tehran seats.
Speaking to reporters, Khatami urged the nation to "acknowledge
their rights and take elections seriously."
"Elections are an expression of your control over your destiny.
You should whole-heartedly take part and be present on the scene,"
he was quoted by the official IRNA news agency as saying.
He also called for a "wider choice (of candidates) to pave the
way for a fair competition."
He added: "With a wider choice and fairer competition, people
will have more enthusiasm to participate in elections."
The president, a moderate with more democratic views, was
apparently referring to a recent law which allows for a tighter
screening of electoral hopefuls before authorizing them to run.
The lack of public enthusiasm was expected given the low-key
campaigning and little coverage in the state radio and television.
The elections also come at a time when Iranians are preparing
for their new year, Noruz, and large crowds were seen busy
shopping on Friday, a holiday in Iran.
The absence of prominent figures among the candidates may also
account for the apparent low turnout.
Nearly half of those who had signed up to run for the polls were
rejected by the Council of the Guardians, a constitutional watchdog
dominated by conservative clerics, including several important
liberal and leftist personalities.
Two leftist groups said they would not take part in the polls
after their candidates were rejected on moral or ideological
grounds. Iran's Freedom Movement, the main liberal opposition, urged
the public to cast protest votes.
Twelve of those declared qualified are women, including Fatemeh
Karubi, the wife of a leftist cleric and former speaker of the
parliament Mehdi Karubi.
Karubi is seen as a likely winner from Tehran along with an
American-educated conservative candidate, Ali Abaspur.
In Esfahan, a central city which elects one deputy, Ali Mazrui,
a leftist candidate and former editor of Salam newspaper is tipped
to win. Several candidates in Esfahan have already withdrawn from
the race in his favor.
The new MPs in Tehran and Esfahan will replace those who were
pulled out from the assembly to join Khatami's cabinet.
Elections were also being held in the central city of Khomein
and northwestern Salmas, where votes were cancelled for alleged
irregularities during the general elections two years ago.
The vote has become an occasion for renewed factional debate and
a coalition of Islamic moderates and leftists are facing off against
the conservatives for the seats in Tehran and Esfahan.
Candidates need to earn 50 percent of the vote to be elected in
the first round.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 13:14:39 +0100
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran says 60,000 exposed to chemical attacks during Iraq war

TEHRAN, March 13 (AFP) - Around 60,000 Iranians were exposed to
chemical weapon attacks during the 1980-1988 war against Iraq,
according to statistics published Friday.
Farzad Panahi, a health official with the foundation for the war
disabled, told a seminar here on Thursday on long-term effects of
chemical weapons that up to 60 percent of the victims suffer from
pulmonary diseases, 30 percent eye problems and the rest skin
problems.
All patients are being treated at health centers belonging to
the foundation, according to the official Iranian news agency IRNA.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 13:15:01 +0100
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran counts 213,000 "martyrs"

TEHRAN, March 13 (AFP) - An Iranian religious foundation has
released comprehensive statistics on the number of "martyrs," people
died for the cause of Islam and the country's 1979 revolution.
A total of 213,000 people died during the revolution and the
1980-1988 war against Iraq or fell victim to political
assassinations, the figures showed.
The war accounted for 85 percent of the "martyrs," with the
clergy paying most dearly.
Fifty-five of every 1,000 clerics gave their lives, 14 times
more than lay people, said the Foundation of the Martyrs, which
looks after the interests of the families of the fallen.
In addition, 24 out of every 1,000 clerics lost a child for the
cause, 6.5 times the toll for an average family in Iran, the
foundation's director Mohammad-Hassan Rahimian told Kayhan
newspaper.
He said 72 percent of those killed were ages of 14 to 24, and
7,000 were under 14, "a fact which drew much attention from the
enemies."
International rights groups widely criticized the Islamic
republic for recruiting under-age boys to fight in the war.
Rahimian defended the special privileges provided to survivors
of the martyrs, and said his foundation was taking care of similar
families in other countries including Lebanon and the Palestinian
territories.


------------------------------

Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 13:13:12 +0100
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Tehran denounces US ruling in terrorism suit as "baseless"

TEHRAN, March 13 (AFP) - Iran on Friday said a US judge's ruling
that Tehran should pay millions of dollars in damages for the death
of an American in a 1995 terrorist attack in Gaza is "baseless and
irresponsible."
The official Iranian news agency IRNA said that the "summary
judgement by a US district court against the Islamic Republic of
Iran is baseless and irresponsible in the extreme and representative
of a dangerous trend and should be condemned."
Quoting a statement from the Iranian delegation to the United
Nations, the agency added: "the allegations raised in the hurried
proceedings of the court are without a shred of substantiation, have
no basis in fact, and fail any standard of evidence."
A US judge on Wednesday ordered Iran to pay nearly 250 million
dollars in damages to the family of Alisa Flatow, a 20-year-old
student who was killed in an April 1995 terrorist attack on a
tourist bus in Gaza.
In his ruling, the judge found Iran guilty of giving financial
support to the Shaqaqi faction of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, a
group blamed for the attack.
Flatow's parents sued Iran for causing their daughter's death
under legislation signed by President Bill Clinton in 1996 giving
Americans the power to sue in US courts over terrorist acts
perpetrated in foreign countries.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 13:15:40 +0100
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: U.S. says China stops nuclear sale to Iran

WASHINGTON - The United States said Friday that China had
halted a possible sale of nuclear weapons-related materials to
Iran in response to a U.S. protest last month.
President Clinton praised China's action as an example of
cooperation between the two countries on nonproliferation issues
since a breakthrough agreement reached in October 1997.
``The Chinese followed through on it and kept their
agreement to the letter,'' Clinton told reporters.
``I'm well pleased actually with the way that issue came
out,'' he said.
But critics viewed the incident as fresh evidence that
Beijing's commitment to the pact remains questionable.
Sen. John Ashcroft of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Friday called the potential chemical deal ``troubling'' and said
Clinton had a ``policy of blind engagement'' toward Beijing.
At the U.S. State Department, spokesman James Rubin said:
''This is a case that demonstrates how nonproliferation works,
not how nonproliferation doesn't work.''
``This is a case of the glass being well more than half full
on nonproliferation,'' he told reporters.
Not long after China agreed under U.S. pressure in October
to halt nuclear cooperation with Iran, U.S. officials said they
learned about secret discussions concerning the potential sale
by Beijing to Tehran of a chemical that can be used in enriching
uranium for nuclear weapons.
Rubin said officials raised with China ``a possible, and let
me emphasize the word possible, transaction between a Chinese
entity and an Iranian organization involving a chemical that is
not on any international nuclear control list, but could be used
in the processing of nuclear materials.''
``Chinese authorities investigated the matter and promptly
informed us that a transaction like that had not been agreed to
and that China had no intention of making such a transaction,''
he said.
``Nor do we have any evidence that a shipment of the
chemical occurred or that such a transaction is proceeding.''
``We don't have evidence that this was a deliberate attempt
to bypass a national decision ... The evidence ... is that this
was a low-level contact, that once brought to the attention of
those policy-makers who can influence the process, was looked
into and was stopped,'' he added.
Rubin said using diplomacy this way constitutes a successful
nonproliferation process.
He played down the chemical at the center of the
controversy, anhydrous hydrogen fluoride or AHF, saying while it
is used in uranium enrichment, it is only one part of a lengthy
and complicated process.
It is a measure of success in nonproliferation efforts that
the focus is on trying to prevent sales of such chemicals
instead of complete weapons systems, as before, he said.
After the landmark summit in Washington with Chinese
President Jiang Zemin, Clinton signed the formal certifications
required by U.S. law to implement the 1985 Peaceful Nuclear
Cooperation (PNC) accord that allows Beijing to buy billions of
dollars in U.S-made nuclear power plants.
Clinton acted on the basis of secret written assurances that
China would end all new nuclear cooperation with Iran and
quickly phase out two existing projects.
At the time critics argued against certification, saying
China had a history of deceit on this issue, while the
administration argued there had been a ``sea change'' in
Beijing's commitment to halting the spread of weapons of mass
destruction -- a point Rubin reiterated Friday.
Congress under law has until next week to try to block the
U.S.-China Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation accord but there has
been no indication that will happen.
The Washington Post, which reported the stymied chemical
deal in Friday's editions, said in January the supersecret
National Security Agency intercepted at least two communications
between a senior Iranian official in Isfahan and middle-level
Chinese counterparts in Beijing.
The negotiations involved millions of dollars' worth of AHF
destined for a planned Iranian facility to convert naturally
occurring uranium to the highly enriched form required for
nuclear weapons, the newspaper reported.
Clinton said this ``revelation is further support for the
proposition that we should be engaged with China.''
He said he advanced his trip to China in June from later
this year ``because we had such a successful summit here with
President Jiang (in October) ... Much has happened since then
... our relationship with China is so important that we needed
to try to build on it and make some more progress.''

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 16:21:32 -0500
From: Rahim Bajoghli <rbajoghli@JUNO.COM>
Subject: [Humor] Marketing survey for arm purchasing

Rumor has it that this was actually posted very briefly on the
McDonnell Douglas website by an employee who obviously has a sense of
humor. The company, of course, does not -- and made the web department
take it down immediately.
_________________________________________________________

Thank you for purchasing a McDonnell Douglas military aircraft. In
order to protect your new investment, please take a few moments to fill
out the warranty registration card below. Answering the survey questions
is not required, but the information will help us to develop new products
that best meet your needs and desires.

1. [_] Mr. [_] Mrs. [_] Ms. [_] Miss [_] Lt.
[_] Gen. [_] Comrade [_] Classified [_] Other

First Name: ...............................................
Initial: ........
Last Name: ...............................................
Password: .............................. (max 8 char)
Code Name: ...............................................
Latitude-Longitude-Altitude: ........... ...........

2. Which model aircraft did you purchase?
[_] F-14 Tomcat
[_] F-15 Eagle
[_] F-16 Falcon
[_] F-117A Stealth
[_] Classified

3. Date of purchase (Year/Month/Day): 19...... / ...... / ......

4. Serial Number: ..............................................

5. Please check where this product was purchased:
[_] Received as gift / aid package
[_] Catalog showroom
[_] Independent arms broker
[_] Mail order
[_] Discount store
[_] Government surplus
[_] Classified

6. Please check how you became aware of the McDonnell Douglas product you
have just purchased:
[_] Heard loud noise, looked up
[_] Store display
[_] Espionage
[_] Recommended by friend / relative / ally
[_] Political lobbying by manufacturer
[_] Was attacked by one

7. Please check the three (3) factors that most influenced your
decision to purchase this McDonnell Douglas product:
[_] Style / appearance
[_] Speed / maneuverability
[_] Price / value
[_] Comfort / convenience
[_] Kickback / bribe
[_] Recommended by salesperson
[_] McDonnell Douglas reputation
[_] Advanced Weapons Systems
[_] Backroom politics
[_] Negative experience opposing one in combat

8. Please check the location(s) where this product will be used:
[_] North America
[_] Central / South America
[_] Aircraft carrier
[_] Europe
[_] Middle East
[_] Africa
[_] Asia / Far East
[_] Misc. Third World countries
[_] Classified

9. Please check the products that you currently own or intend to
purchase in the near future:
[_] Color TV
[_] VCR
[_] ICBM
[_] Killer Satellite
[_] CD Player
[_] Air-to-Air Missiles
[_] Space Shuttle
[_] Home Computer
[_] Nuclear Weapon

10. How would you describe yourself or your organization? (Check all
that apply:)
[_] Communist / Socialist
[_] Terrorist
[_] Crazed
[_] Neutral
[_] Democratic
[_] Dictatorship
[_] Corrupt
[_] Primitive / Tribal

11. How did you pay for your McDonnell Douglas product?
[_] Deficit spending
[_] Cash
[_] Suitcases of cocaine
[_] Oil revenues
[_] Personal check
[_] Credit card
[_] Ransom money
[_] Traveler's check

12. Your occupation:
[_] Homemaker
[_] Sales / marketing
[_] Revolutionary
[_] Clerical
[_] Mercenary
[_] Tyrant
[_] Middle management
[_] Eccentric billionaire
[_] Defense Minister / General
[_] Retired
[_] Student

13. To help us understand our customers' lifestyles, please indicate the
interests and activities in which you and your spouse enjoy participating
on a regular basis:
[_] Golf
[_] Boating / sailing
[_] Sabotage
[_] Running / jogging
[_] Propaganda / disinformation
[_] Destabilization / overthrow
[_] Default on loans
[_] Gardening
[_] Crafts
[_] Black market / smuggling
[_] Collectibles / collections
[_] Watching sports on TV
[_] Wines
[_] Interrogation / torture
[_] Household pets
[_] Crushing rebellions
[_] Espionage / reconnaissance
[_] Fashion clothing
[_] Border disputes
[_] Mutually Assured Destruction

Thank you for taking the time to fill out this questionnaire. Your
answers will be used in market studies that will help McDonnell Douglas
serve you better in the future - as well as allowing you to receive
mailings and special offers from other companies, governments, extremist
groups, and mysterious consortia.

Comments or suggestions about our fighter planes? Please write to:
McDONNELL DOUGLAS CORPORATION
Marketing Department
Military Aerospace Division
P.O. Box 800, St. Louis, MO

_____________________________________________________________________
You don't need to buy Internet access to use free Internet e-mail.
Get completely free e-mail from Juno at http://www.juno.com
Or call Juno at (800) 654-JUNO [654-5866]

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 16:22:42 -0500
From: Rahim Bajoghli <rbajoghli@JUNO.COM>
Subject: Socialists Embarrassed in Arms Deal Scandal

French Socialists Embarrassed in Arms Deal Scandal

Reuters
09-MAR-98
By Tom Heneghan

PARIS (Reuters) - France's governing socialists watched nervously
from the sidelines Monday as former Foreign Minister Roland Dumas denied
rumors and press reports linking him to a major arms deal with Taiwan.

Dumas, who rejects any link with massive kickbacks alleged to have
been paid to a female lobbyist friend, gave a page-long interview to the
daily newspaper Le Figaro defending himself and blaming enemies of the
late socialist President Francois Mitterrand for the scandal.

The veteran socialist also said he would not quit as head of the
constitutional council, an august body which rules on the legality of
major legislation. That post makes Dumas the fifth-highest official in
France.

Justice Minister Elisabeth Guigou declined to say whether he should
quit if named in the judicial probe into the 1991 sale of six
missile-carrying frigates to Taiwan. "That has nothing to do with my
official functions," she told Radio Monte Carlo.

Dumas, 75, has been called to appear on March 18 before two magistrates
probing the deal, in which French oil group Elf-Aquitaine was alleged to
have paid his friend, Christine Deviers-Joncour, 45 million francs ($7.3
million) for lobbying him to approve an arms deal for Thomson-CSF.

If he were officially examined in the probe, the reputation of the
constitutional council could suffer. But stepping down to defend its
reputation would be seen as an admission of personal guilt, which Dumas
vigorously denies.


According to numerous reports in the press, Elf tried to use its
contacts in China and Deviers-Joncour's links to Dumas to facilitate the
planned sale of six Lafayette-class frigates built by Thomson-CSF. The
arms firm was supposed to pay Elf a commission through a Swiss company.

Dumas had long opposed French arms sales to Taiwan, arguing they
would harm more important relations with Beijing, but Paris changed its
position and the sale went ahead in 1991.

_____________________________________________________________________
You don't need to buy Internet access to use free Internet e-mail.
Get completely free e-mail from Juno at http://www.juno.com
Or call Juno at (800) 654-JUNO [654-5866]

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 16:48:49 -0500
From: Rahim Bajoghli <rbajoghli@JUNO.COM>
Subject: Some Iran related issuses in the US congress

1- U.S. POLICY TOWARD THE PERSIAN GULF
2- Radio Broadcasting to Iran
3- Iran's drug control efforts
4- Flatow's case against Iran


Archive-Name: gov/us/fed/congress/record/1998/feb/03/1998CRE66
[Congressional Record: February 3, 1998 (Extensions)]
[Page E66] From the Congressional Record Online via GPO Access
[wais.access.gpo.gov] [DOCID:cr03fe98-14]

U.S. POLICY TOWARD THE PERSIAN GULF

HON. LEE H. HAMILTON of indiana in the house of representatives
Tuesday, February 3, 1998

Mr. HAMILTON. Mr. Speaker, I would like to bring to my colleagues'
attention my monthly newsletter on foreign affairs from November 1997
entitled U.S. Policy Toward the Persian Gulf.

I ask that this newsletter be printed in the Congressional Record.
The newsletter follows:

U.S. Policy Toward the Persian Gulf

The United States has vital national interests in the Persian Gulf: to
maintain unrestricted access to Gulf energy resources at tolerable
prices, to prevent any power from gaining control over them, and to
ensure the security of regional friends and allies.

The crisis over UN weapons inspectors in Iraq highlights the strain in
U.S. policy. The policy of ``dual containment'' of Iraq and Iran has not
changed these defiant regimes, and it is not sustainable. Seven years
after the Gulf War, friends and allies have little enthusiasm for
open-ended UN sanctions against Iraq. The U.S. threat to sanction firms
that invest in Iran's energy sector has caused rifts with Europe. Key
Arab states boycotted the U.S.-supported summit in Qatar, but all Arab
states will attend a December Islamic summit in Iran. U.S. policy needs
review.

Iraq, a police state led by an unpredictable tyrant, still threatens
regional stability. Iraq is weaker than it was six
years ago, yet Saddam's grip is tighter. He is unchallenged at home. The
Arab-Israeli impasse, and the suffering of Iraqis due to sanctions,
enable Saddam to win Arab support.

Many of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction (WMD) have been
destroyed; but many have not, especially chemical and biological weapons.
Thus, the work of UN inspectors is far from over. We will need highly
intrusive inspections in Iraq for years to come.

Iran, with over 60 million people, confronts the U.S. and the region with
a challenge of great difficulty. The 18-year break in U.S.-Iran ties
means that mutual understanding is poor. U.S. policy is to contain Iran
because of its opposition to the Arab-Israeli peace process, its WMD
programs, and its support for terrorism. The present U.S. policy of
unilateral sanctions against Iran is not backed by our European allies
and is not working. Those sanctions have been counterproductive in
achieving U.S. goals.

The Arab Gulf states host a large U.S. military presence, rely on us for
security, and are doing little for collective self-defense. They are
reluctant to support confrontation with Iraq and Iran. With the exception
of Kuwait, they resent what they see as U.S. partiality toward Israel and
hostility toward Arabs and Muslims--in the West Bank and Gaza, Libya,
Sudan, Iraq, and Iran.

Within the United States, there is strong support for military
deployments in the Gulf, which are seen as vital to defending U.S.
interests. Iran, and especially Iraq, remain deeply unpopular, but there
is little desire for war.

How should U.S. policy change? First, the willingness of Gulf states to
stand with the U.S. will improve if we get the Arab-Israeli peace process
back on track. The greater the momentum in the peace process, the
stronger the support in the Gulf for overall U.S. objectives.

Second, we should state precisely U.S. objectives toward Iraq, which have
always lacked specificity. U.S. policy has not been clear about whether
Saddam should be removed and at what point sanctions should be lifted.
Our prime objective should be to contain Iraq, because its weapons
programs are a threat to peace. If Saddam threatens his neighbors, or
openly pursues WMD, the U.S. should severely punish Iraq. To maintain
support for UN sanctions against Iraq and to eliminate Iraq's WMD
successfully, U.S. policy needs some adjustment.

We must make clear that our problem is not with Iraq's people, but with
the policies of its government. To lessen the impact of sanctions on the
Iraqi people, we should allow them to get much more food and medicine, so
long as the UN can monitor end-use. We should support Iraq's territorial
integrity, and maintain sanctions until Iraq complies with all UN
resolutions. The U.S. should indicate its willingness to help a new
government in Iraq that abides by UN resolutions. An Iraq that accepts
international norms of behavior should be allowed to return to the family
of
nations.

Third, the U.S. opposes many of Iran's policies, but does not seek to
oust its government. U.S. criticisms should focus on the conduct of
Iran's leadership, not on Iran's people and certainly not on Islam. Our
goal should be to change Iran's unacceptable policies on terrorism, the
people process, and especially its quest for WMD.

The U.S. and Iran need to cool the rhetoric, end mutual demonization,
explore better ties, and gradually establish a
reliable and authoritative dialogue. As Iran's policies change, the U.S.
should respond step-by-step--reducing sanctions, permitting non-military
trade, and allowing U.S. firms into Iran.

We should support the military containment of Iran. We should push for
full international inspections of Iran's nuclear facilities and
multilateral restrictions focused on, and limited to, WMD and related
technology.

The U.S. should work to reduce differences with its allies and develop
new avenues for cooperation against Iran's unacceptable behavior. Because
Central Asia's energy resources are becoming increasingly important, we
should work with our allies to secure access to them. In this process, we
should not automatically exclude commercial relations with Iran. The U.S.
needs more carrots in its policy toward Iran, and Europe needs more
sticks. We cannot guarantee success if we work together, but we will
surely fail if we do not.

Finally, there must be no doubt that the U.S. plans to remain in the
Gulf. U.S. forces continue to be necessary, yet we need balance between
the military and civilian aspects of our presence. The profile of the
U.S. military in the region has been reduced appropriately since the
Khobar Towers bombing last year, but we also need to strengthen political
and economic ties. More attention from senior U.S. officials will help
preserve the Gulf coalition and strengthen the U.S. message about reform,
accountability and openness in Gulf societies.

Conclusion. Peace and security in the Gulf are vitally important to the
U.S. national interest. For the immediate future, Iraq and Iran will
require constant, consistent and balanced attention from U.S.
policymakers. The task is enormously difficult. Success will require
close and effective cooperation with friends and allies, and strong
American leadership.

********************************************

Surrogate Broadcasting Study

The House bill (sec. 1409) requires the USIA to conduct
studies on the feasibility of providing surrogate
broadcasting service to Africa and Iran.
The Senate has no comparable amendment.
The conference substitute (sec. 1417) is similar to the
House bill but eliminates the study regarding Iran.

**********************************************
Radio Broadcasting to Iran

The Senate amendment (sec. 1315) provides $2 million of the
grant funds designated for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty to
be available for broadcasting to Iran. It also requires a
report on how this new surrogate broadcasting service will be
implemented.
The House bill has no comparable provision.
The conference substitute (sec. 1418) is identical to the
Senate amendment.

*************************************

Archive-Name: gov/us/fed/congress/record/1998/mar/10/1998CRS1676A
[Congressional Record: March 10, 1998 (Senate)]
[Page S1676-S1677]
>From the Congressional Record Online via GPO Access
[wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:cr10mr98-144]

LOSING OUR WAY II

Mr. GRASSLEY. Mr. President, in earlier remarks, I indicated a number of
problems in our domestic drug control efforts. I intend now to highlight
some of the problems in our international control efforts.
Many past problems in this area have been documented in testimony
before the House and Senate and in reports issued by the Congress. Let me
give just a few highlights of recent issues that speak of deep problems.
[...]
[[Page S1677]]

Not only did the Administration not seek to consult on this important
issue before the decision, it delayed action to avoid accountability
after the decision. What next? Having ignored North Korea and having
given Syria a wink, can we expect the Administration to certify Iran?

Don't laugh. That was under consideration. The Administration cannot
confirm significant changes in Iran's drug control efforts, but it was
prepared to take Iran's word on the matter. It was only when J.C. Watts
and I and several other Members of Congress blew the whistle on this that
the idea was dropped. What was going on here? Why all the sneaking
around? Iran suggests more cultural exchanges and the Administration
plans to certify them as doing the right stuff on drugs. Once again, we
are going to use our drug control policy to make gestures to our sworn
enemies. What is wrong with this picture? Do these steps, this lack of
consultation, suggest a deficit of seriousness on drugs?
[...]

***********************************

Archive-Name: gov/us/fed/congress/record/1998/mar/11/1998CRH1095I
[Congressional Record: March 11, 1998 (House)]
[Page H1095]
>From the Congressional Record Online via GPO Access
[wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:cr11mr98-89]


JUSTICE FOR THE FLATOW FAMILY AND A TOOL AGAINST TERRORIST ATTACKS

The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under a previous order of the House, the
gentleman from New Jersey [Mr. Saxton] is recognized for 5 minutes.

Mr. SAXTON. Mr. Speaker, today was a momentous day for many of us who
have worked for over a year to accomplish what I guess I would describe
as a very, very important and worthwhile goal.

On April 9, 1995, a young lady by the name of Alicia Flatow was the
victim of a terrorist attack as a college student while riding in a bus
in the Gaza strip. Soon after the terrorist attack, the Islamic Jihad
claimed responsibility.

Then about a year and a half ago, Alicia's father, who was a resident of
New Jersey, Steven Flatow, came to visit me in my office with his
attorney, Steve Perles, from Washington, DC. It seems that they had filed
suit against the Islamic Republic of Iran for the part they played in
this terrorist attack, and for allegedly supporting the terrorist attack.

I was informed by Mr. Flatow and his attorney that in filing and
successfully pursuing such a court case, that momentous expenses are
incurred, and at the most, under then current law, under then law, that
law that existed at that time, a year and a half ago, the most that could
be recovered would be something slightly over $1 million, and that in
order to pursue a proper remedy, that Federal law would have to be
changed to permit recovery for punitive damages.

I went to see the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. Henry Hyde], explained the
situation to him, and he agreed that if the chairman of the Committee on
International Relations also agreed, that we would make the appropriate
change in the law. We did, and in the Senate, Senator Lautenberg lent his
hand, and the change in the law was made.

Today, at a little after 10 o'clock this morning, Federal District
Judge Royce Lambeth issued the statement in which was embodied his
decision. The State of Iran this morning was entered against a judgment
for $247 million for the part they played in the killing of young Alicia
Flatow. This is justice for the Flatow family. It sadly does little to
remedy the damage that was done to the young lady, but it is some form of
justice to the family.

But just as importantly, perhaps more importantly, we have
established through law and through now judicial process that there is
yet another tool that the citizens of the United States of America have
available to use against terrorist attacks like the one that occurred on
April 9, 1995, in the Gaza strip.

I hope that the message goes out loud and clear to terrorists around the
world, wherever they may be, and would-be terrorists, and, importantly,
very importantly, today's governments around the world that are known to
be supporters of terrorism, that the United States and the citizens of
the United States and the Congress of United States and the court system
in the United States, that none of us are going to rest easy until every
act of terrorism is stopped.

Today was a good day in our fight against terrorism, but we must be
determined to carry this battle further in the days ahead. So today I
thank all of those who were involved in this process. I thank the
gentleman from Illinois [Mr. Henry Hyde] for the part he played, the
gentleman from New York [Mr. Ben Gilman] for the part he played, and the
court system and Judge Royce Lambeth for the part he played.


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Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 16:21:19 -0500
From: Rahim Bajoghli <rbajoghli@JUNO.COM>
Subject: [US Arms Sales Policy] US FMS during 1997

http://rs9.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?r105:2:./temp/~r105qjkq:e0:

U.S. FOREIGN MILITARY SALES DURING FISCAL YEAR 1997 -- HON. LEE H.
HAMILTON (Extension of Remarks - March 04, 1998)

[Page: E295]
---
HON. LEE H. HAMILTON

in the House of Representatives

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 4, 1998

Mr. HAMILTON. Mr. Speaker, I would like to bring to my colleagues'
attention information submitted pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act
with respect to U.S. foreign military sales during Fiscal Year
1997.

The first table details worldwide government-to-government foreign
military sales [FMS] during fiscal year 1997 for defense articles and
services and for construction sales. Total FMS sales for fiscal year 1997
totaled $8.809 billion. This is a decrease from $10.469 billion in fiscal
year 1996.

The second table details licenses/approvals for the export of
commercially sold defense articles and services for fiscal year 1997.
Licenses/approvals totaled $11.013 billion, a decrease from $14.558
billion in fiscal year 1996.

The tables follow:

TOTAL VALUE OF DEFENSE ARTICLES AND SERVICES SOLD TO EACH
COUNTRY/PURCHASER AS OF SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 UNDER FOREIGN MILITARY SALES

[Dollars in thousands] 1

-----------------------------------------

Countries Accepted--Fy 1997

-----------------------------------------

Foreign military sales

Albania $759

Antigua & Barbuda 262

Argentina 18,981

Australia 287,524

Austria 27,187

Bahamas 51

Bahrain 54,049

Bangladesh 1,592

Barbados 139

Belgium 122,049

Belize 327

Bolivia 3

Bolivia--Intl Narc 8,638

Bosnia-Hercegovina 2,103

Botswana 439

Brazil 24,962

Brunei 69

Bulgaria 4,332

Cambodia 1,246

Canada 103,253

Chad 36

Chile 2,322

Colombia 74,487

Costa Rica 175

Czech Republic 2,268

Denmark 32,558

Dominican Republic 187

Ecuador 4,158

Eduador--Intl Narc 1,812

Egypt 1,065,593

El Salvador 4,869

Eriterea 1,934

Estonia 999

Ethiopia 1,120

Finland 291

France 102,163

Germany 325,754

Greece 224,467

Grenada 353

Guinea-Bissau 121

Guyana 70

Haiti 877

Honduras 910

Hungary 6,905

India 299

Indonesia 793

Israel 524,988

Italy 41,194

Ivory Coast 187

Jamaica 50

Japan 346,758

Jordan 18,253

Kenya 779

Korea (Seoul) 853,987

Kuwait 48,116

Laos 1,070

Latvia 1,417

Lebanon 21,960

Lithuania 1,175

Luxembourg 4,326

Macedonia (Fyrom) 2,057

Malaysia 11,481

Mexico 27,663

Morocco 3,466

Nacisa 602

Namibia 286

Namsa-General + Nike 7,358

Namsa-Hawk 1,956

Namsa-Weapons 4,438

Napmo 2,184

Nato 1,839

Nato AEW+C (O+S) 38,299

Nato EFA (NEFMA) 1,505

Netherlands 225,314

New Zealand 24,271

NHPLO 200

Norway 64,494

OAS HQ 601

Oman 11,541

Org of African Unity 250

Pakistan 101

Paraguay 31

Peru 285

Peru--Intl Narc 100

Poland 4,893

Portugal 19,241

Rep of Philippines 20,055

Romania 331

Saudi Arabia 742,372

Senegal 1,965

Seychelles 62

Shape 2,100

Singapore 192,230

Slovakia 2,003

Slovenia 216

South Africa 154

Spain 828,768

Sri Lanka 74

St. Kitts and Nevis 187

St. Vincent + Gren. 66

Sweden 6,194

Switzerland 13,413

Taiwan 353,737

Thailand 187,413

Trinidad--Tobago 185

Tunisia 15,235

Turkey 339,597

Uganda 3,872

UNDHA 945

United Arab Emirates 5,586

United Kingdom 558,949

Uruguay 1,078

Venezuela 59,421

Zimbabwe 91

Classified totals 2 609,749

Subtotal 8,778,248

Construction sales

Bolivia--Intl Narc $485

Cambodia 49

Colombia 500

Egypt 21,356

El Salvador 1,834

Eritrea 544

Ethiopia 388

Germany 1,405

Morocco 3,476

Singapore 266

Subtotal 30,303

Total 8,808,551


[Footnote] 1 Totals may not add due to rounding.
[Footnote] 2 See the classified annex to the CPD.

-----------------------------------------

LICENSES/APPROVALS FOR THE EXPORT OF COMMERCIALLY SOLD DEFENSE
ARTICLES/SERVICES SEPTEMBER 30, 1997

[Dollars in thousands]

-------------------------------------

Countries Cumulative

-------------------------------------

Algeria $57,938

Andorra 39

Angola 11,618

Antigua 1

Argentina 198,780

Aruba 62

Australia 416,030

Austria 36,413

Azerbaijan 6

The Bahamas 9

Bahrain 8,917

Bangladesh 2,568

Barbados 96

Belarus 12

Belgium 131,132

Belize 95

Bermuda 68

Bolivia 1,666

Bosnia Herzegovina 32,714

Botswana 3,013

Brazil 191,334

British Virgin Islands 4

Brunei 21,076

Bulgaria 459

Burkina Faso 2

Cambodia 29

Canada 8,649

Cayman Islands 7

Chad 2

Chile 32,564

China 2,068

Colombia 39,077

Costa Rica 1,653

Cote D'Ivoire 67

Croatia 121

Cyprus 5

Czech Republic 6,378

Denmark 83,987

Dominican Republic 7,319

Ecuador 7,540

Egypt 82,210

El Salvador 8,244

Eritrea 900

Estonia 15

Finland 106,389

France 180,906

French Guiana 5,538

French Polynesia 2

Gabon 23

Georgia 3

Germany 511,772

Ghana 4,383

Greece 36,270

Greenland 23

Grenada 68

Guatemala 2,211

Guinea-Bissau 2

Guyana 108

Haiti 61

Honduras 3,696

Hong Kong 2,147

Hungary 474

Iceland 4,788

India 29,867

Indonesia 66,190

Ireland 9,163

Israel 714,187

Italy 172,344

Jamaica 335

Japan 2,121,893

Jordan 4,293

Kazakhstan 3,286

Kenya 617

Kiribati 1,516

Republic of Korea 423,749

Kuwait 14,972

Kyrgyzstan 9

Laos 650

Latvia 9

Lebanon 825

Liechtenstein 2

Lithuania 400

Luxembourg 5,190

Macau 77

Macedonia 263

Malaysia 90,922

Mali 1

Malta 1

Mauritius 59

Mexico 22,153

Monaco 21

Mongolia 6

Montserrat 3

Morocco 15,798

Namibia 298

Nepal 4,140

Netherlands 350,197

Netherlands Antilles 136

New Caledonia 93,528

New Zealand 107,675

Nicaragua 80

Niger 1

Norway 141,653

Oman 2,528

Pakistan 53,046

Panama 11,941

Papua New Guinea 421

Paraguay 42

Peru 5,367

Philippines 72,219

Poland 2,188

Portugal 47,569

Qatar 3,081

Reunion 20

Romania 43,125

Russia 23,809

Saudi Arabia 115,583

Seychelles 11

Singapore 163,713

Slovakia 2,149

Slovenia 2,603

Solomon Islands 760

South Africa 10,865

Spain 202,297

Sri Lanka 2,210

St. Kitts & Nevis-Angu 5

St. Lucia 44

St. Vincent & Genadines 4

Suriname 139

Sweden 396,139

Switzerland 173,103

Taiwan 1 261,098

Tanzania, United Republic 597

Thailand 122,172

Trinidad & Tobago 809

Tunisia 2,038

Turkey 257,150

Turks & Caicos Islands 1

Uganda 4

Ukraine 77

United Arab Emirates 17,409

United Kingdom 1,193,778

United Nations 82

Uruguay 14,723

Uzbekistan 6

Various Countries 72,368

Venezuela 342,929

Vietnam 5

Yemen 5,159

Zambia 808

Zimbabwe 122

Classified totals 2 736,042

Worldwide total 11,012,618


[Footnote] 1 Taiwan first quarter modified due to error found in
calculations used to generate data.
[Footnote] 2 See classified annex to CPD.
[Footnote] Note: Details may not add due to rounding. This information
was prepared and submitted by the Office of Defense Trade Controls, State
Department.


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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 12 Mar 1998 to 14 Mar 1998 - Special issue
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