Date: Mar 17, 1998 [ 0: 0: 0]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 15 Mar 1998 to 16 Mar 1998

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 15 Mar 1998 to 16 Mar 1998
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There are 2 messages totalling 101 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Former Iraqi Commander Unveils More Secrets About Iraq-Iran War
2. Nowrouz Greeting from PEN to Iranian Writers and Intellectuals

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Date: Mon, 16 Mar 1998 19:16:55 +1100
From: Mehdi Ardalan <mardalan@LAUREL.OCS.MQ.EDU.AU>
Subject: Former Iraqi Commander Unveils More Secrets About Iraq-Iran War

Source: TehranTimes daily March 15 issue
---------------------------------------------------------
TEHRAN A former Iraqi commander trying to reinforce militarily
the opposition to Saddam Hussain, has unveiled more secrets
about Iraq-Iran War particularly relating with biological and
chemical weapons used by both sides, an IRNA report from
London said. General Vafeq al-Samerayi, the former head of Iraqi
Army's Information Service who later joined the opposition camp
in 1994, has confessed that Iraq had plans to raid Tehran with
missiles equipped with chemical warheads, the report added.
According to an IRNA report the English language daily,
Independent quoted Samerayi as saying that Iraqi commanders
were worried a raid on Iran with chemical weapons may not be
successful because the toxic gas is heavier than air and the people
will not be effected if they stay inside their homes and close their
windows. He further said that at one time Iraqi army planned to
raid Tehran with simple bombs and shatter the windows before
launching missiles with chemical weapons to achieve the desired
results. The former Iraqi Commander told daily Independent that
during the Iraq-Iran war about 90,000 Iranians were exposed to
chemical weapons and about 10 percent of them have already
died after being inflicted with deep Iran has said that the number
of those who lost their lives because of chemical was 50,000. A
UN research team at that time carried out an investigation and
blamed both sides for using chemical weapons in their attacks
against each other but they prepared their report without visiting
the most crucial site, the twon of Halabche. The West, however,
maintained a complete silence after that over the issue of chemical
weapons used by the Iraqi forces. Samerayi, currently busy with
bringing together the military opposition, said Iraq army is
equipped with 40 groups of chemical missiles. The UN statistics
based on information provided by former Soviet Union Intelligent
Service pointed out that Iraq had two groups of chemical missiles
before the Persian Gulf war. Most of these missiles are assembled
with Russian parts and or those produced in Iraq, he added.
Samerayi said that at least one hundred different germs are used
by Iraq in its biological war heads of the missiles. The daily
independent wrote that Samerayi was a link between Iraq and
CIA who in American Embassy in Iraq used to monitor satellite
information about Iran. The CIA through satellite pictures
provided Iraq with strategic military survelience about Iran's
military movements. The daily Independent further said that
Saddam Hussain brought an end to his close cooperation with the
CIA in 1989. Samerayi said that at present Iraqi crisis would not
be solved through political means. If an air raid on Iraq had taken
place, a large number of Iraqi commanders would have joined the
opposition forces, the report said adding that Kofi Annan's
mission to Baghdad had vanished these hopes. Samerayi also met
and held talks with Iraqi Kurd leaders in Arbil and Suleymania in
January. Although Iraqi opposition forces enjoy financial support
from U.S. Congress, but they have no save heaven in Iraq.

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Date: Mon, 16 Mar 1998 21:57:41 EST
From: Rahim Bajoghli <rbajoghli@JUNO.COM>
Subject: Nowrouz Greeting from PEN to Iranian Writers and Intellectuals

March 15, 1998

OPEN LETTER TO IRANIAN WRITERS AND INTELLECTUALS,

Together with the 2,700 writers who are members of PEN American Center,
we send you our very best wishes on the occasion of the Iranian New Year.


With its symbols of hope and promises for the future, we welcome Nowrouz
and recognize this as a moment of great opportunity in Iran.

As writers dedicated to freedom of expression, we affirm our heartfelt
solidarity with the Iranian literary community in its pursuit of
unfettered literary endeavor. We believe this is a most noble pursuit,
worthy of Iran's rich literary heritage.

Our thoughts are with you as you celebrate Nowrouz.

Best wishes,

Edward Albee, Anthony Appiah, Homero Aridjis, Paul Auster
Nadine Gordimer, Arthur Miller, Edward Said, Michael Scammell

PEN is an international organization of writers dedicated to protecting
the freedom of expression. For further information, contact Diana
Ayton-Shenker
at PEN at (212)334-1660.



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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 15 Mar 1998 to 16 Mar 1998
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