Date: Mar 3, 1998 [ 18: 29: 59]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 2 Mar 1998 to 3 Mar 1998 - Special issue

From: Automatic digest processor


Return-Path: <owner-DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
Delivered-To: farhad@ALGONET.SE
Received: (qmail 2836 invoked from network); 4 Mar 1998 03:30:11 +0100
Received: from simorgh.gpg.com (205.158.6.22)
by hromeo.algonet.se with SMTP; 4 Mar 1998 03:30:11 +0100
Received: from simorgh (simorgh [205.158.6.22])
by simorgh.gpg.com (8.8.6/8.8.6) with ESMTP id SAA15639;
Tue, 3 Mar 1998 18:29:59 -0800 (PST)
Message-Id: <199803040229.SAA15639@simorgh.gpg.com>
Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 18:29:59 -0800
Reply-To: DNI news list <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
Sender: DNI news list <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
From: Automatic digest processor <D-N-I@D-N-I.ORG>
Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 2 Mar 1998 to 3 Mar 1998 - Special issue
To: Recipients of DNI-NEWS digests <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>

There are 21 messages totalling 1246 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. "yaa marg ya aazaadi"!
2. Mohajerani on the press, student rally
3. Guardians Council rejects 48 percent of candidates
4. Zahra Shojaie at the UN's meeting on women
5. Workshop Reaffirms Universality, Indivisibility of Human Rights
6. Khatami trying to shake up Iranian society -Dini
7. Iran-Saudi Ties, Disputed Islands, on GCC Meeting Agenda
8. UN to Fund Human Rights Projects Following Workshop Agreement
9. Official on Rushdie Fatwa, Human Rights Workshop
10. Judiciary chief prohibits temporary detentions
11. Yazdi denies torture allegations led to Lajevardi's dismissal
12. Students: Officials did nothing to prevent Hizbollah attack
13. Salam criticizes judiciary chief
14. Guardians Council weakens republicanism, violates human rights
15. Paper criticizes nine people for interviews with the BBC
16. A New Era in Iranian Journalism
17. Mohajerani speaks on press freedoms
18. University incident under investigation
19. Shirin Ebadi urges universities to establish human rights course
20. Amir-Entezam on Lajevardi's dismissal
21. BBC on Dini's recent visit to Iran

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 13:53:55 +0100
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad.abdolian@RSA.ERICSSON.SE>
Subject: "yaa marg ya aazaadi"!

Hi,
According to Israel radio studenst at Tehran univercity started to shout
"yaa marg yaa aazadi" after a long fight with a group of "ansaar-e
hezbollah". The students are known as pro-Khatami and they where there for
a peacefull demonstration when they where attacked by Ansaar-e Hezbollah
that started a long fight between these groups.

Kayhan (afternoon news paper) has published a statement from AH where they
said that "their demonstration" was cancled and they where not going be at
Tehran Univercity!

It is not the first time that Pro-Khatami students are fighting back but it
seems that it was the longest and biggest demonstration in central Tehran.

Let's see if any other source comes up with more info about this.

Reegards,
Farhad A.

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:18:58 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Mohajerani on the press, student rally

students-rally-government

government spokesman deplores clashes during students rally
tehran, march 3, irna -- government spokesman ataollah
mohajerani on tuesday deplored the violence that broke out
during a student rally in front of tehran university on
monday.

speaking to irna, mohajerani said if the police and
judicial system identified and prosecuted those involved
in breaking law and order, no group would ever dare to
interrupt a lawful gathering.

he said considering the fact that the union of hizbollah
students had already announced that its members would not
take part in the monday rally sponsored by daftar-e
tahkim-e-vahdat (office to foster unity), those who caused
tension in the rally must have been mere trouble makers.

however, the spokesman said, the people failed in their
attempt to interrupt the rally already authorized by the
interior ministry.

he said ''in light of the official statements denouncing
the violent incident over screening of the movie snow-man
and the breaking up of a funeral procession, i believe that
we will no longer witness an upsurge in violence, and
instead we expect a drop in such incidents.''

asked about the status of the press in the country,
mohajerani said the civil society will reach its evolution
when institutions such as the press is allowed to suitably
fulfil its duty.

all should work to help the press do a proper job of being
the eyes and the ears of the government, the revolution and
the nation, he said.

no reporter should be given the sense that the government
has set limitation for his or her job and they should
report the news with peace of mind, mohajerani said.

::irna 03/03/98 19:31



-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:20:24 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Guardians Council rejects 48 percent of candidates

iran-by-elections

guardians council confirms eligibility of 118 by-election
candidates tehran, march 3, irna -- the guardians council
of the islamic republic of iran on tuesday confirmed
eligibility of 118 candidates who had applied to run in the
parliamentary by-elections.

229 candidates had registered to run in the by-elections of
whom 148 applicants were from tehran constituency.

the guardians council confirmed the qualification of 66
candidates from tehran, 29 candidates from isfahan, 17
candidates from khomein and six from salmas constituency in
west azarbaijan province.

the election campaign will start on thursday for one week.

the parliamentary by-elections will be held on friday march
13 to elect two representaives from tehran constituency and
three from the provincial cities of isfahan, khomein and
salmas. tehran has two vacant seats in parliament and the
provincial cities have one vacant seat each.

::irna 03/03/98 17:04



-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:21:33 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Zahra Shojaie at the UN's meeting on women

women-u.n.-shojaie

shojaei: iranian women enjoy highest level of social
security new york, u.n. headquarters, march 3, irna --
iran's presidential advisor for women's affairs, ms. zahra
shojaie, said here on monday that iran's successful
experiences concerning women's contribution to state
administration will be presented to the united nations.

shojaie who arrived here sunday to attend the 42nd meeting
of the u.n. commission on women's status told irna that due
to the importance president mohammad khatami attaches to
women's issues and the government's programs, the iranian
delegation is attending the meeting at a higher level than
this year.

the delegation will inform the public opinion of the world
of the achievements made by iranian women in various
fields.

shojaie and her entourage are to meet missions from various
countries to discuss issues relating to women and ways to
resolve their problems.

the iranian delegation will visit several universities,
inspect the women and persian language departments of the
new york and colomiba universities and hold talks with
iranian women active in the united states.

women in the world share common problems and hardships
regardless of their divergent tendencies and beliefs, she
said adding, the u.n. must pay more attention to these
problems.

in many countries, women fall victim to violence and suffer
from many problems such as smuggling and selling of girls,
she pointed out.

shojaie said that iran as a country whose women enjoy the
highest social and economic security can present valuable
propoals to the u.n. on the basis of its patterns which are
based on islam.

she stressed that solutions offered to settle the problems
of women in various countries should be compatible with the
traditions and customs of each country.

uniform and pre-arranged patterns which are usually
presented regardless of cultural pecularities will not be
efficient, she said.

shojaie stressed that attention to women's social
activities should not weaken their important role in
consolidating the principled foundations of family.

iran has befitting patterns for consolidation of the
pillars of family in society and women's active
participation in state administration which will be
presented to the u.n.

::irna 03/03/98 15:22



-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:25:55 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Workshop Reaffirms Universality, Indivisibility of Human Rights

human rights-workshop

tehran workshop on human rights concludes work tehran,
march 3, irna -- the sixth workshop on regional
arrangements for the promotion and protection of human
rights in the asia-pacific region, concluded work on monday
reaffirming the universality, indivisibility and
interdependence of human rights in a region proud of its
rich cultures, religions and diversities.

taking note of the previous gatherings, the workshop
renewed its commitment to the promotion and protection of
human rights in the asia-pacific region, the u.n.
informartion center here said in a press release today.

the workshop appreciated the call to practical action by
the u.n. high commissioner for human rights, mary robinson,
and iranian foreign minister kamal kharazi, in their
opening addresses.

it also expressed commitment to developing and
strengthening national capacities, in accordance with
national conditions, for the promotion and protection of
human rights through regional cooperation and the sharing
of experiences.

the workshop also adopted a framework for regional
technical cooperation in the asia-pacific to develop
national plans of action for the promotion and protection
of human rights.

the tehran workshop recognized that strengthening national
human rights capacities is the strongest foundation for
effective and enduring regional cooperation in the area of
human rights, the report further added.

looking to the future, the tehran workshop renewed its
commitment to ensure that its annual meeting remains the
key regional forum to review progress in strengthening
national human rights capacities, thus ensuring regional
cooperation in human rights.

the u.n. high commissioner for human rights left tehran on
monday at the end of her two-day visit to iran.

::irna 03/03/98 13:16

-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:27:06 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Khatami trying to shake up Iranian society -Dini

Interview-Italy's Dini Urges West to Back Khatami

Reuters 03-MAR-98 By Steve Pagani

ROME, March 3 (Reuters) - Italian Foreign Minister Lamberto
Dini wants the West to support Iran's moderate President
Mohammad Khatami and his cautious approach to shake up
Iranian society in the face of conservative reticence.

In an interview with Reuters on his flight back from Iran
late on Monday, Dini said it was important to remember that
Khatami -- elected on promises of more social freedom --
had the support of the vast majority of Iran's 60 million
people.

``One has to encourage the line of policy President Khatami
has announced and the fact that he is trying to shake up
Iranian society,'' Dini said.

The foreign minister was the most senior Western politician
to hold talks with Khatami in Tehran since the Shi'ite
cleric's landslide election victory last May.

While urging Western powers to step up official contacts
with the Iranian government, Dini also counselled patience
to allow Khatami time to initiate reform in the face of
state bodies dominated by conservatives.

``What we can expect is a step forward, then a pause or
even half a step back -- that is how he will proceed,'' he
said.

Dini said his warm working relationship with U.S. Secretary
of State Madeleine Albright would allow him to be open and
frank when the two discuss his visit to Iran in Rome on
Saturday.

Khatami has urged dialogue between Americans and Iranians,
calling for a ``crack in the wall of mistrust'' between the
two states, but said it was too soon for formal ties with
Washington.

A senior diplomatic source in Rome said Khatami was moving
in the direction of reducing the influence of the clergy,
who do not want to relinquish their power, especially at
local level.

``The Khatami government will want to move precisely
towards reducing the power of the mullahs in Iranian
society while maintaining a policy that is based on the
Koran and Islamic law,'' the diplomatic source said.

Shortly after Dini left Tehran, students loyal to Khatami
clashed with hardliners, prompting security forces to make
arrests and disperse a crowd approaching 5,000 people.

``Most conservatives oppose change. That is why Khatami
must be supported,'' Dini said.

Dini said he was impressed by Khatami and encouraged by the
president's assurances that Iran did not support
international terrorism ``in any way.''

During the talks, he also raised the concerns of the West
over arms proliferation.

He said the more moderate line towards the Middle East
peace process meant the Iranian government no longer posed
an obstacle to talks between Israel and the Palestinians.

Iran still wanted a final deal that met Palestinian
demands. It would not intervene in the process, but neither
would it oppose joining others to find solutions, he said.

In his talks in Tehran, Dini asked the Iranian government
to use its influence in Iraq to help ensure respect for the
accord with the United Nations over arms inspections.

The foreign minister also noted increased political
dialogue within Iran and greater tolerance towards other
religions.

``These are all the ingredients of an opening up of a
fruitful dialogue with the Iranian leadership,'' Dini said.

But the diplomatic source said Khatami still had to be
cautious and wanted to hold back on some official visits.

Some of Italy's European Union partners may consider Dini
too optimistic and that his visit came too soon after the
EU ended its ban on official contacts eight days ago.

Germany has still to negotiate the release of German
businessman Helmut Hofer, sentenced to death in Iran for
having sexual relations out of wedlock with an Iranian
woman.

Asked about the number of death sentences in Iran, Dini
said: ``Iranian law is based on the Koran...the death
penalty is called for on many crimes but you have to look
at how many are carried out.''

Dini said the U.S. Iran-Libya Sanctions Act, which seeks to
punish foreign firms that invest more than $20 million a
year in oil and gas sectors, was a clear obstacle to
investment in Iran at a time when the Iranian economy was
hit by low oil prices.

The senior diplomatic source said the U.S. government knew
that the law was not in the interest of the United States.

``It (the United States) is soft-peddling its
implementation. It is using all its discretion not to apply
it firmly,'' the source said.

Copyright 1998 Reuters Limited.All rights reserved.


-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:32:23 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Iran-Saudi Ties, Disputed Islands, on GCC Meeting Agenda

Focus-Warmer Iran-Saudi Ties on Gulf Arab Agenda

Reuters 03-MAR-98 By Afshin Molavi

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (Reuters) - Gulf Arab ministers
are preparing to meet in Saudi Arabia on Saturday as a
growing Saudi-Iranian rapprochement attracts attention in
Gulf capitals, diplomats and analysts said Tuesday.

The two oil heavyweights and rivals for influence in the
strategic region have exchanged high-level visits in recent
months, prompting Saudi Arabian Foreign Minister Prince
Saud al-Faisal to proclaim ``a new chapter'' in relations.

Former Iranian president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is on the
final leg of a 10-day visit to Saudi Arabia. Crown Prince
Abdullah, second in command to King Fahd, visited Iran in
December for an Islamic summit meeting.

Rafsanjani, head of Iran's powerful Expediency Council,
urged Saudi leaders to work closely with Tehran to boost
sagging oil prices. Saudi Arabia and Iran are the two
largest producers in the 11-member Organization of
Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

Prince Saud said in remarks published Tuesday that
Rafsanjani's visit was ``one more step in the right
direction toward improving relations.''

He told the Financial Times newspaper: ``The Iranians used
last December's Islamic summit in Tehran to give the world
a message, not one of shadows but one of substance, that
they want to improve relations.''

``The future is bright for Saudi-Iranian relations,'' said
Othman al-Omeir, editor-in-chief of Asharq al-Awsat, a
Saudi-owned daily in tune with Riyadh's leaders.

``Saudi Arabia wants to improve its relations with Iran and
knows that it could benefit from better regional
cooperation,'' al-Omeir told Reuters.

Relations between the two major oil producers have been
tense since the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran and
high-level meetings have been rare.

At issue in the Gulf Arab ministers meeting -- one of four
regular consultations each year -- will be a dispute
between Iran and the United Arab Emirates over three Gulf
islands that has soured relations between Iran and its Gulf
Arab neighbors.

``The foreign ministers are expected to review all issues,
including relations with Iran and the islands issue,'' a
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) official said.

The Riyadh-based GCC is a political and economic union
comprising Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates
(UAE), Bahrain, Oman, and Qatar.

Al-Hayat, a London-based Arabic newspaper, reported last
week that Iran had offered a compromise on Abu Musa and the
Greater and Lesser Tunbs, three strategically placed
islands in the Strait of Hormuz, a key Gulf waterway close
to oil shipping lanes.

Iran, which has an agreement with Sharjah, a UAE emirate,
to share control of the Abu Musa, tightened its control on
the island in 1992. It also controls the Greater and Lesser
Tunbs despite objections from the UAE.

Iran denied the Al-Hayat report and the UAE's official
Emirates News Agency (WAM) quoted a senior Gulf official as
saying: ``Despite Iran's openness since the election of
President Mohammad Khatami, there have not been any
worthwhile developments concerning issues of dispute in
Iranian foreign policy.''

Gulf-based analysts say Saudi Arabia's growing ties with
Iran may be put to the test in the next few months.

Saudi Arabia may be forced to take sides on the islands
dispute and Iran may be faced with the prospect of
canceling a political rally held each year during the
Muslim haj pilgrimage which the Saudis view as
inappropriate, analysts say. The pilgrimage to Mecca is in
April this year.

Saudi Arabia has shown a willingness to share a leadership
role in the Islamic world with Iran, said Andrew Rathmell,
a London-based Gulf specialist with the International
Center for Security Analysis.

``But there are still fundamental religious differences
between the two countries,'' Rathmell said. Saudi Arabian
religious leaders espouse a conservative brand of Sunni
Islam known as Wahhabism and Iran follows a revolutionary
brand of Shiism which rivals Wahhabism.

``Saudi religious leaders view Shias as apostates,''
Rathmell said. The late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini,
founder of Iran's revolution, derided Saudi leaders and
Wahhabi practices and made scathing criticism of the
Al-Saud family in his will.

``Another fundamental question will be whether or not Saudi
Arabia is prepared to share the Gulf geopolitical stage
with Iran,'' Rathmell said.

Copyright 1998 Reuters Limited.All rights reserved.

-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:33:37 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: UN to Fund Human Rights Projects Following Workshop Agreement

Asian States Draw up Rights Pact in Iran

Reuters 03-MAR-98

GENEVA (Reuters) - Thirty-three countries including several
which have come under international pressure over their
human rights record have agreed on Asia's first joint
program to protect and promote human rights, a U.N.
spokesman said Tuesday.

The agreement was reached Monday after three days of talks
at an Asia-Pacific human rights workshop in Tehran which
brought seven years of efforts to fruition.

Some of those attending -- including China, Indonesia and
host Iran -- are expected to come under scrutiny at the
annual U.N. Human Rights Commission which opens on March
16.

``It is the first regional agreement (for Asia) and a small
but significant step,'' United Nations human rights
spokesman John Mills told a news briefing in Geneva.

The so-called Framework of Regional Technical Cooperation
provides for three-year projects in four areas: developing
national plans of action to promote and protect human
rights; education on human rights; creating national
institutions to promote human rights; and creating
strategies to realize the right to development as well as
economic, social and cultural rights.

The $728,500 project is to be funded by voluntary
contributions raised by the U.N. human rights office in
Geneva.

In a speech to the workshop Saturday, Mary Robinson, the
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, appealed for
donations.

Robinson also welcomed as ``very encouraging'' a speech by
Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi which centered on
the universality of human rights.

He said Iran backed moves for a regional human rights
apparatus respecting a ``plurality of beliefs, religions,
traditions, value systems and modes of thinking.''

But Robinson was denied a meeting with President Mohammad
Khatami, a moderate Shiite cleric elected in a landslide
last May, before she left Monday.

Khatami's decision not to receive her followed strong
criticism in state-run media over reports that she had
intended to raise Iran's human rights record with
government officials, and diplomatic sources in Tehran said
she had been snubbed.

Africa, Europe and the Americas already have regional human
rights arrangements.

Copyright 1998 Reuters Limited.All rights reserved.



-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:35:31 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Official on Rushdie Fatwa, Human Rights Workshop

Iran Daily (IRNA)

Tuesday March 3, 1998

Official clarifies Iran's stand on Rushdie Fatwa

Workshop aimed at promoting national human rights
capacities


Tehran- Although the Rushdie Fatwa is irrevocable, the
Islamic Republic of Iran will not support carrying out its
terms against the British author and people associated with
him (who wrote the book which provoked the ruling).

This assessment was given by director general for
socio-political affairs at the foreign ministry, Mohammad
Hossein Fadaiefar. In an interview with Iran Daily, the
official discussed the decisions of the Sixth Workshop on
Regional Human Rights Arrangements in the Asia and Pacific
Region.

Fadaiefar noted that this workshop provided a proper forum
for an exchange of views and opinions. He specifically
praised the level of cooperation of Non-Governmental
Organizations (NGOs) and nation-al institutions at this
workshop.

The director general stressed that a major accomplishment
of this meet was the approval of a draft for technical
cooperation in the Asian and Pacific zone.

Acccording to Fadaiefar, this draft is targetted at
clarifying the necessary objectives and measures within
four major cat-egories which are:

1- Promoting a national plan of action to support human
rights

2- Human rights education

3- Establishing national insti-tutions for effective
protection of human rights

4- Adopting necessary strate-gies to identify economic,
socio-cultural rights (particular-ly national development
right

Fadaiefar said that in addition to the above mentioned
draft, there was another document issued entitled 'Outcome
of the Tehran Summit' which focused on the following areas:

1- Emphasis on globalization, inseparability and relativity
of human rights regarding the wide range of various
cultures in the Asia and Pacific region

2- Emphasis on commitment to the International Commmunique
of Vienna

3- Advancement of objectives based on consensus reached in
previous workshops (Katmandu and Amman in particular), as
well as the workshop's reitera-tion of its commitment "to
real-ize" human rights in Asia and the Pacific region.

4- Increasing national capaci-ties and exchanging
internation-al experiences

"This workshop also reiterated its commitment to have
annual meetings to assure the promo-tion of national human
rights capacities and the continuation of regional
cooperation in pro-tecting human rights," the direc-tor
general remarked.

Addressing the cancellation of a meeting between UN Human
Rights Commissioner Mary Robinson and President Seyyed
Mohammad Khatami, he said, "The president's tight schedule
prevented a meeting. Contrary to other rumors, this was the
only reason. However, the UN commissioner had fruitful
dis-cussions with the Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi and
Vice-President Massoumeh Ebtekar."

Fadaiefar termed the final out-come of the workshop as
"posi-tive".

-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:38:06 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Judiciary chief prohibits temporary detentions

Iran Daily (IRNA)
Tuesday March 3, 1998

Judiciary chief prohibits temporary detentions

Tehran - At a meeting with judiciary officials on Monday,
the head of the judiciary Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi obliged
all the judiciary branch-es in a circular to refuse issuing
any warrants of temporary arrest particularly for the
elderly, the sick, women and youngsters except under
necessary circum-stances.

He also called on the judiciary officials to avoid holding
indi-viduals in custody before their sentence is handed
down by the court.

Yazdi further noted that if war-rants of arrest are issued
due to legal necessities, the cases will have to be
immediately referred to the courts and handled
exped-itously.


-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:41:22 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Yazdi denies torture allegations led to Lajevardi's dismissal

Iran Daily (IRNA)
Wednesday March 4, 1998


What's Up?


BBC said that the dismissal of the former head of Iran's
prison system, Assadollah Lajevardi, can be considered a
victory for President Khatami and his supporters and that
it will help to present a positive image of the government
at home and abroad. While various rumors have been
circulating on the dismissal in the Iranian media, added
the radio, Iran's Judiciary Chief Ayatollah Yazdi has
denied claims that allegations made by some Tehran district
may-ors of having been tortured while in prison were cause
for Lajevardi's replacement. Lajevardi has become notorious
for his mistreatment of political prisoners since the
beginning of Iran's Islamic revolution, commented the BBC.
International human rights organizations have also
criticized Iran for its treatment of political prisoners
during Lajevardi's term of office, concluded the radio.



-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:46:09 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Students: Officials did nothing to prevent Hizbollah attack

Iran Daily (IRNA)
Wednesday March 4, 1998


What's Up?


The Office for the Consolidation of Unity in a communique
requested that President Khatami and Iran's interior
minister safeguard Iran's Islamic society against what it
called the illegal and inhumane attempts being made by
certain groups. The said com-munique was released on Monday
night following a protest rally held by the group in front
of Tehran University's main entrance gate in objection to a
ruling by the Guardians' Council to disqualify several
Majlis mid-term election candidates.

Considering the fact that our gathering in front of Tehran
University convened with the permission of the ministry of
the interior, it was unlawful for another group of 30 to 40
people to try to disperse the students by force, asserted
the communique. It concluded by noting that law enforcement
officials had done nothing to prevent the intrud-ers from
making attacks on the students.


-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 19:56:14 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Salam criticizes judiciary chief

Iran Daily (IRNA)
Wednesday March 4, 1998

Press Watch

Salam asked journalists about their opinion regarding
the stance taken by the judiciary chief, Ayatollah
Mohammad Yazdi, towards a question posed by Salam's
correspondent on the judiciary's treatment of Tehran's
district mayors. Fazaeli, a Farda cor-respondent, told
Salam that the way the judiciary chief dealt with your
reporter was very unusual. Bijan Moghadam from the
Resalat newspaper added that our leaders answer the
questions posed by for-eign correspondents with a smile,
but when interviewed by Iranian journalists they
immediately change their attitude. "Although objec-tions
made in recent months to the judiciary chief were a
pre-planned political game, it is my opinion that since
Tehran district mayors have reported being mistreated by
the judiciary, there is no reason for jour-nalists to be
prosecuted for asking questions about the matter,"
Moghadam stated.




IRAN NEWS, MARCH 01, 1998

Press Review

SALAAM * The morning daily in two separate articles
yesterday, strongly challenged the Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi for his angry reaction to protests
made by the newspaper which had voiced objection to
mistreatment of several Tehran district mayors while they
were in detention.

Addressing the Friday Prayers sermons in Tehran, Ayatollah
Yazdi lashed out at Salaam daily and the Tehran mayors for
voicing their objection to other sources instead of the
Judiciary. After their release, the mayors who had been
detained in connection with the case of the Municipality,
held meetings with some MPs and the Militant Clerics League
ad claimed that they had been tortured during detention.


-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 20:00:41 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Guardians Council weakens republicanism, violates human rights

Iran News
IRAN NEWS, MARCH 01, 1998

Press Review

* Salaam also reported that the Unity Consolidation Office
(UCO) had protested to the rejection of qualifications of
several Imam's Line candidates for the upcoming Majlis
by-elections. A statement issued by the UCO said the
measure by the aimed at weakening the
principle of the system's republicanism and violation of
human rights of individuals. It added that members of the
UCO will hold a protest assembly in Tehran this week.

The Council of Guardians last week rejected the
qualifications of Ibrahim Asgharzadeh, Behzad Nabavi,
Rajabali Mazrouie, and Mehrzad Sadaqiani who all belong to
the left wing.


-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 20:04:18 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Paper criticizes nine people for interviews with the BBC

Iran News
IRAN NEWS, MARCH 01, 1998

Press Review

SHOMA * The weekly which belongs to the rightist Islamic
Coalition Association has carried an article in its latest
issue naming nine people who, it said, gave regular
interviews with the BBC. Those named are: Ibrahim Yazdi,
Hashemi Sabaghian, Ali Akbar Moinfar, Masoud Behnoud, Iraj
Jamshidi, Jahangir Behrouz, Sadeq Zibakalam, Saeed Leilaz
and Shirin Ebadi. The paper criticized these persons for
providing the BBC with all the information they needed and
urged them to refrain from speaking in a manner favored by
imperialist media.



-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 20:08:02 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: A New Era in Iranian Journalism

Iran Daily (IRNA)
Wednesday March 4, 1998


PERSPECTIVE


A New Era in Journalism

By Taher Sajjadi


The minister of culture and Islamic guidance called for
appropriate measures to improve the social status of
journalists in the cere-monies marking the second academic
year of the IRNA school of media. Upon criticism of the
nation's news disseminating system, he pinpointed that the
Iranian media community should reflect domestic and foreign
news intelligently, dynamically, accurately and quickly.

The new approach pursued by the ministry of culture and
Islamic guidance, which was announced by the highest
ranking official of this ministry, can mark a new era for
the media community. Those who know of twists and turns of
journalism, are well aware that a journalist cannot fulfill
his professional duties, to the extent necessary in an
effi-cient system, without a reasonable degree of power,
freedom, security and social status.

The new government, which has included forming Islamic
civil code in its agenda, undoubtedly knows that cultural
expansion cannot be shaped in practice without a brave,
well-informed, wise and unyielding media community. For
reaching the appropriate level in this regard, training of
specialized workforce should be inserted in the guidelines
before anything else. Such training should be practical and
visible, depending on the existing circumstances. Hence,
the establishment of the school of media should be looked
into accordingly.

The next step in reforming the news dissemination system
should be giving way to capable forces. When parameters
other than competence and capability become the criteria
for allocation of professional respon-sibilities, the
worthy personnel get discouraged. This, in turn, makes the
system inflexible and stagnated.

Pluralism in the news dissemination system, as the minister
of culture and Islamic guidance pointed out, leads to
creativity and provides for a new competitive ambiance in
which the spirits of modernism and progressivism is the
bottom line. Showing greater tolerance towrds the mistakes
made by the media and pursuit of critical views to improve
this ambiance can facilitate the expansion of such
pluralism.

Today, the news dissemination system is founded on various
goals. Those who control this system, register their own
interpretations of the various events in our minds,
irrespective of the fates of people. If we do not follow
such schemes and are yet to observe the sanctity of people,
we should respect those journalists who carry out their
professional tasks despite being treated unfairly under the
worst circumstances. We should also respect their questions
that are actually the voice of people.

We should accommodate the means for recruiting all talents
by setting examples out of those who have dedicated their
lives to promotion of news dissemination.

The views of the minister of culture and Islamic guidance
should transform to practical approaches. All the officials
of the nation should warmly receive journalists regardless
of factional interests and season-al viabilities. They
should not treat journalists harshly, which implies giving
way to the foreign media. This is against preservation of
the national pride and integrity.



-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 20:12:14 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Mohajerani speaks on press freedoms

Iran Daily (IRNA)
Wednesday March 4, 1998


People have the right to be abreast of internal affairs

No one can curb press freedoms - Ata'ollah Mohajerani


Tehran - Government spokesman Ata'ollah Mohajerani
emphasized Tuesday the role of security. He said that if
agencies like the Law Enforcement Forces and the judi-ciary
identify those responsible for disrupting the meeting on
Monday in front of Tehran University, then from now on, no
group will be able to break up a legal gathering.

Speaking to IRNA, Mohajerani added that the Association of
Hizbollah University Students had made known its members
would not participate in the meeting of the members of the
Office to Foster Unity (Daftar-e Tahkim Vahdat). Hence it
is apparent that those creating disturbance were
anarchists.

Mohajerani described the efforts of those agents in
disrupting the gathering as unsuccessful and stated, "I
suppose that with respect to the stance taken by official
bod-ies against the two violent inci-dents: one relating to
the screen-ing of the film "Adam Barfi" (Snowman) and the
other in dis-rupting the legal holding of a con-dolence
meeting, we will not only not witness an increase in
violence in the community but this will def-initely
lessen."

The minister of culture and Islamic guidance went on to
make an assessment of the status enjoyed by the print media
in the country.

He said that civil society will only reach perfection when
insti-tutions like the press can carry out its
responsibilities without hin-drance.

He said that journalists should never get the impression
the gov-ernment is creating limitations in news
dissemination. They should feel completely at ease, free
and confident in carrying out their responsibilities in
publishing news.

Mohajerani noted that accurate reporting is one of the main
duties of the press and it is the people's right to be
informed on what is going on in the country.

As an example, stated Mohajerani, when the chief of the
judiciary announces that the case regarding the
municipalities is a national one, reporters should respond
appropriately and ask questions about it. The questions
posed by a reporter do not equal making a judgement on the
case, said Mohajerani.

"If one gets the impression that the speech by the
judiciary chief is a threat to the duties imposed on
newsmen and will create obstacles in the way of news
dissemination, this will only cause concern.

Newsmen will feel that they have no security on their jobs.
This will certainly have a negative effect."

Mohajerani said that if doubts have been raised that the
head of the judiciary is contemplating restricting the
rights of the press, it is necessary for Ayatollah Mohammad
Yazdi to clarify the matter. It should be clear that nobody
and no top official in the country, is in any way seeking
to create limitations for the press.

He also stated that the ministry of culture and Islamic
guidance supports the recognition of the profession of
journalism as a diffi-cult and hazardous one. Journalism is
a critical and com-plex job in terms of physical,
qual-itative, substantive and moral aspects as well as the
speed required, he said. There is a clear indication on the
level of difficul-ty involved, he concluded.


-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 20:14:20 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: University incident under investigation

Iran Daily (IRNA)
Wednesday March 4, 1998


University incident under investigation


Tehran - Deputy interior minis-ter for political affairs,
Seyyed Mostafa Tajzadeh stated here Monday that the Union
of Cross-Country Students Associations (affilliated to the
office for strengthening solidar-ity) had applied for a
permit on Friday to assemble before the university to
protest on disqual-ification of some Majlis candi-dates
running in the mid-term election.

He added that on sunday, March 1, the Union of Hizbollah of
Tehran University applied to assemble to protest the
assem-bly of the National Students Association.

"Both the groups were granted permission to assemble,"
Tajzadeh pointed out, adding that since the first group had
applied three days earlier (Friday), they were allowed to
assemble in front of the univer-sity; however, the
Hizbollah group was asked to hold the meeting at a
different place, to avoid any possible confronta-tion."

The deputy minister then explained that on Monday morning,
his ministry received a fax announcing that the Hizbollah
students would refrain from assembling at the main entrance
of Tehran University in order to preserve discipline and
order.

He added that fortunately those assembled students
con-strained themselves from get-ting involved in clashes
and added that the assembled stu-dents left the area
according to their scheduled meeting.

Severely condemning the law-less behavior of the rebellious
elements, he said that the interi-or minister has asked the
judi-cial branch to probe into the matter and identify the
culprits and serve them appropriate pun-ishment.

A commision has been formed at the ministry of interior to
investigate the incident.


-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 20:16:52 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Shirin Ebadi urges universities to establish human rights course

Iran Daily (IRNA)
Tuesday March 3, 1998

What's Up?

An Iranian lawyer interviewed by BBC radio urged Iranian
univer-sities to establish a course on human rights as a
regular subject. Shirin Ebadi, a participant at the Sixth
Meeting on Human Rights for the Asia and Pacific Region,
asserted the necessity of informing the public about their
basic human rights. The radio went on to report that the
UN's high commissioner for human rights, Marry Robinson,
who presided over the session has welcomed remarks made by
Iran's Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi's in a speech on
human issues. "The meeting was inaugurated with a speech
delivered by Marry Robinson and was fol-lowed by Kharrazi's
statements. There were some 20 participants from Asia and
the Pacific region present in addition to members from
several human rights organizations," concluded Ebadi.



-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 20:18:09 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Amir-Entezam on Lajevardi's dismissal

Iran Daily (IRNA)
Tuesday March 3, 1998


What's Up?


France Radio quoted former Iranian deputy prime minister
during Mehdi Bazargan's interim government, Abbas Amir
Entezam, as saying that the dismissal of the head of Iran's
prison system, Assadollah Lajevardi, was a result of
changes being implemented by President Khatami's new
government. Entezam added that "President Khatami wants to
create a better political atmosphere and that's why he
sacks people such as Lajevardi". "Lajevardi was formerly a
prosecutor in the revolutionary courts at the beginning of
Islamic Revolution and many killings took place during his
term of office," he noted. According to the radio, Iran's
judiciary chief, Ayatollah Yazdi, replaced Lajevardi with
the head of the justice department from the Fars province,
Morteza Bakhtiari.


-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 3 Mar 1998 20:20:01 -0600
From: Arash Alavi <arash__@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: BBC on Dini's recent visit to Iran

BBC

World: Analysis

PUBLISHED AT 12:21 GMT Tuesday, March 3, 1998


At the end of his visit to Tehran, the Italian Foreign
Minister, Lamberto Dini, told reporters that Iran's alleged
support of international terrorism is a thing of the past.
He also said that he believed that Iran no longer presented
an obstacle to the Middle East peace process. The BBC's
Iranian affairs reporter, Sadeq Saba, looks at Italy's
burgeoning friendship with Iran:

The European Union lifted its 10-month ban on ministerial
contacts with Iran last week as a signal to the new
moderate Iranian President, Mohammad Khatami, that the
Europeans were anxious to encourage reform in Iran.

The ban was imposed in April 1997 after a German court
implicated Tehran's leadership in a political assassination
in Berlin. But the EU made it quite clear that it still
wanted to talk to Tehran about international terrorism,
weapons production, the Middle East peace process and the
death sentence imposed on the British writer, Salman
Rushdie.

Just 48 hours after the EU decision was made public, Italy
announced that Mr Dini would visit Iran to promote
bilateral relations and explore President Khatami's policy
of openness.

It was reported that the speed of the Italian move puzzled
some of its European partners. In fact, Italy had been so
eager to improve its relations with Iran that Mr Dini met
the Iranian Foreign Minister, Kamal Kharrazi, last January
during an international gathering in Switzerland.

Now Mr Dini has dismissed two of the most important Western
concerns about the Islamic Republic.

He said that Iran's alleged support of international
terrorism was a thing of the past and that Mr Khatami's
condemnation of terrorism had to be taken into account. On
the question of Iran's opposition to the Middle East peace
process, Mr Dini also said that Iran did not intend to
interfere with the peace talks.

These statements have delighted Iranian leaders who have
long rejected allegations of any involvement in terrorism.
Mr Khatami has already praised Italy for what he termed its
fairer and more realistic stand towards the Islamic
Republic.

But it has to be seen how Italy's partners in the EU will
react to, what seems to be, a unilateral shift from the
Western position on Iran.

Italy is one of Iran's biggest European trading partners
and has declared its intention to boost economic relations
with Iran. Other European countries are also seeking to
promote trade with Iran as Germany loses its traditional
dominant position in the Iranian market.



-----== Posted via Deja News, The Leader in Internet Discussion ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Now offering spam-free web-based newsreading

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 2 Mar 1998 to 3 Mar 1998 - Special issue
*****************************************************************