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By DOUGLAS JEHL
TEHRAN, Iran -- One year after an election that changed the face of Iranian politics, students and other Iranians gathered by the thousands here Saturday to celebrate the openness instilled by President Mohammad Khatami.
But the anniversary rally came against a backdrop of sharpening tensions between the moderate Iranians, who reveled in the memory of Khatami's overwhelming victory and conservatives who view his popularity as a threat to their longtime grip on power.
Along with Iran's supreme leader, the more conservative Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Khatami has tried to calm that strained environment in recent weeks. But his caution has frustrated some supporters, who had hoped he would prove more willing to confront rival factions.
And so while the gathering Saturday at Tehran University was generally buoyant, it reflected consciousness of a divide in Iranian society. Some fear that the country is moving too quickly from the restrictive spirit of the 1979 Islamic revolution, and others believe it is not moving fast enough.
"We believe that Mr. Khatami needs to do more," said Majid Farahani, 25, a student leader, "and the only way to do that is to be more honest with the people about the obstacles he is facing. Otherwise he might fail, because the only power he has behind him is the 20 million people who supported him during the election."
Although Khatami was to address the rally later Saturday, he stayed away from an earlier demonstration in which students urged stronger efforts toward liberty.
Among recent signs of tension has been a warning reportedly issued by the chief of the Revolutionary Guards Corps, the country's most powerful military force. The general, Rahim Safivi, has been quoted as telling fellow military leaders that the course adopted by the government poses a threat to national security, and that the military should act "to uproot the counterrevolution wherever they are."
Tehran-based diplomats and Iranian analysts say those remarks betray the unease that has continued to reverberate within Iran since Khatami's victory on May 23, 1997 -- even though he won 70 percent of the vote against a candidate supported by the ruling religious establishment.
In recent days, conservative groups mobilized to counter the preparations for Saturday's celebration by trying to focus on another anniversary. Sunday also marks the day 16 years ago when Iran won perhaps its biggest victory in the 1980-1988 war with Iraq.
Since he formally assumed power in August, Khatami, 54, has eased press restrictions, creating a climate of freer political expression than at any time in at least 15 years.
Even Khamenei, 58, the remote figure who succeeded Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in 1989 as supreme leader, has in recent months begun to emulate Khatami's more populist approach. He once arrived unannounced at a recent meeting of students to engage in a discussion later broadcast on television.
But in real terms, Khatami's influence remains limited. The government's most important powers, including the military and security forces, are still in the hands of Khamenei, who is regarded under the Constitution of the Islamic republic as God's representative on Earth. Other powers are jealously guarded by the legislature and the judiciary, which like Khamenei's office remain very much under conservative control.
Perhaps for that reason, Khatami, a more moderate cleric, has kept a low profile whenever disagreements have turned contentious. At the beginning of the year, he used a television interview to urge breaking down the "wall of mistrust" between the United States and Iran. But he has not repeated that message recently, apparently mindful that it generated complaints.
He has also issued warnings against anyone inclined to take new liberties to extremes. This seems to emphasize his concern that tensions between rival factions, expressed nearly every day in the press, could spill over into street clashes.
"He's worried that some groups, from all the factions, might be going a little too far," said a former Khatami campaign spokesman who is now a deputy minister of culture and Islamic guidance.
Last month Khatami weathered the most serious crisis since his election, a dispute involving the mayor of Tehran, who was jailed by judicial officials on charges of corruption. The government quickly condemned the arrest, but the president issued no statement.
Instead, he worked behind the scenes at two very different tasks: persuading his supporters to cancel a protest, while persuading Khamenei to order the mayor's release.
The mayor, Gholamhossein Karabaschi, an ally of Khatami, is back at work after 11 days in jail. By all appearances he is seeking to avoid further controversy, and there has been no indication whether he might face trial.
In the meantime, however, the legislature, led by Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri, the candidate Khatami defeated, has begun to try to exert more power. It is weighing legislation that the government would have no power to revoke.
One bill, already approved in preliminary form, would prohibit publication of photographs of women, even veiled, and of articles judged sexually inflammatory. Another would require segregation of hospitals by sex, a step opposed by many advocates for women, who say there are nowhere near enough female doctors to care for women.
Khatami's government opposes both measures. But its voice has not been loud enough to satisfy those who hope to distance Iran further from the restrictions in place since the 1979 revolution.
"We voted for Khatami," said Mohammad Khosravi, 18, who took part in the demonstration Saturday. "But they're not allowing him to do anything."
Sunday, May 24, 1998 <A HREF="aol://4344:104.nytcopy.6445375.574106743">Copyright 1998 The New York Times</A>
Jalal Talebi Speaks Following Victory Against Inter Milan Following Iran's decisive victory against Italian First Division Club Inter Milan on Saturday, Jalal Talebi gave a post game interview with Sedaye Iran Los Angeles. The interview was conducted via telephone with Sedayeh Iran spokesman Khodabakhshian.
Question: What are your thoughts on Tomislav Ivic?
Talebi: He [Ivic] had focused had focused too much on defensive tactics which did not fit into abilities of the Iranian players. He was trying to implement a very sophisticated tactic which was not working. Unfortunately Ivic created a sense of fear from opponents in our players. Ivich thought Iran is like Afghanistan where there is no knowledge of soccer. He was selfish, self centered and did not have respect for the players. The players did not feel comfortable with him.
Question : Will you implement a 3-5-2 in the World cup?
Talebi: Yes. I have found the right players for the positions they are best at.
Question: Have you finalized the 22 players? Will there be any changes since Ivic was replaced by you?
Talebi: None of the players who are in the camp will be sent back to Iran. We will be adding the following players to the team: Hamedani, Majidi and Latifi.
Question: What are you training plans now?
Talebi: We will play with Milan one more time. We will not play with Portugal because the weather is extremely hot in Portugal and this is not good for our team. We are scheduled to play with Croatian national team but so far they have not responded.
Question: How is Abedzadeh doing?
Talebi: "Abedzadeh has not practiced with the team and most probably will not be ready to play in the World Cup. We are not confident about our reserve goalkeepers. The hardest thing for me was taking over so close to the finals."
Question: What are your thoughts on playing USA?
Talebi: For us, it's just another game. We're going to the World Cup to play soccer. This is a sporting competition. Sport is one thing and politics is another.
By Sami Aboudi
DUBAI, May 24 (Reuters) - Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal marks a new chapter in ties with Iran when he travels to Tehran later this week on an official visit which is expected to culminate in the signing of a cooperation agreement.
Saudi newspapers have said Prince Saud was scheduled to fly to Tehran on May 26 for a two-day visit, invited by his Iranian counterpart Kamal Kharrazi, who visited the kingdom in March.
``Saudi-Iranian relations have to a large extent overcome the period of darkness and have entered the era of cooperation,'' said Wahib Ghorab, a senior Saudi journalist at the London-based Asharq al-Awsat newspaper.
``Prince Saud's visit gains an added significance in light of the possibility of signing a cooperation agreement between the two sides,'' said Ghorab.
Saudi media has said Prince Saud was expected to sign a cooperation accord with Iranian officials covering economic, scientific, cultural and other matters. They gave no details.
But former Iranian President Hashemi Akbar Rafsanjani, who now heads a powerful state body, said in March during a visit to Saudi Arabia that arrangements were underway to establish a cooperation commission between the two countries and that the Saudis had drafted a nine-article proposal to study.
Saudi-Iranian relations, which went sour after the 1979 Islamic revolution toppled the pro-Western shah, began to thaw after moderate Iranian cleric Mohammad Khatami was elected president in national elections a year ago.
In the past, Saudi Arabia had seen non-Arab Iran as trying to meddle in the internal affairs of Gulf Arab states. Iran had accused Saudi Arabia of backing Iraq during the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war.
President Khatami has sought to project a new image of Iran since he assumed office last August. Iran has toned down media rhetoric against Gulf Arab states and reined in anti-U.S. rallies at the annual haj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia this year, a traditional source of tension between the two political and economic heavyweights.
Saudi Arabia dispatched its Minister of State Abdul-Aziz bin Abdallah al-Khoweiter to Iran last July with goodwill messages from King Fahd and Crown Prince Abdullah to outgoing president Rafsanjani.
Crown Prince Abdullah attended the Organisation of the Islamic Conference summit in Tehran in December and top Iranian officials, including Rafsanjani, Kharrazi and Interior Minister Abdollah Nouri visited Saudi Arabia this year.
Saudi Arabia and Iran have also restored direct air links and Iranian companies exhibited products at a trade fair in Jeddah. An Iranian warship also paid a friendly visit to Saudi Arabia in March, the first one of its kind since the revolution.
But the two countries, the largest oil producers in the 11-member Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries, remain at odds over Western military forces in the Gulf.
Saudi Arabia regards the Western presence as necessary for security in the region, which sits on two thirds of the world's oil reserves. Iran sees security as the responsibility of regional states.
Saudi Arabia also backs the United Arab Emirates in its dispute with Iran over three strategic islands in the Gulf held by Iran.
Iran's Kharrazi is currently in Abu Dhabi on a two-day visit for talks with UAE President Sheikh Zaid bin Sultan al-Nahayan and other senior officials on the islands.
``Iran has begun a new era and a new course seeking good neighbourly relations and non-intervention in the internal affairs of its neighbours,'' Ghorab said.
``I believe that the Saudi-Iranian contacts have helped turn a new page in relations between the two countries. The important thing is that confidence has been restored,'' he said.
((Gulf newsroom, +971 4 607 1222, fax +971 4 626982, dubai.newsroom+reuters.com))
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.srvys syasy:Hmash dvmKrdad sal pyS tkrar Sd. rvz gZSth danSgah thran dr Hxvr dhha hzar jvan, danSjv v mrdm Agah v elaqhmnd bardygr Sahd bh cmr nSstn dstavrdhay Hmash Skvhmnd dvm Krdad sal 67 bvd, Hxvr hzaran tn az mrdm mStaq kh az avlyn saeat bed az Xhr bh mnXvr Srkt drgrdhmayy bzrgdaSt dvm Krdad bh tdryjvard danSgah thran mySdnd Gnan srSar azSvr anqlaby v vHdt mly bvd kh brKy az Kbrngaran rsanhhay byganh jmlgy az atHad qlby v tfahm mvjvd dr fxay danSgah Kbrhay mrbvT bh Hxvr ykparGh mrdm rabh AJanshay Kbry Kvd arsal mykrdnd. bh gzarS Kbrngar hmShry az sTH KyabanhaymHdvdh danSgah thran, bna bh aelam pySyn, brKy az tSklha v nhadha ba anjam mrasm v rahpymayy bh mqCd danSgahthran xmn tjdyd byet ba Armanhay amam raHl)rh(, KyzS mrdmy dvm Krdad ra bhmcabh Hrkty drjht tblvr aradh mlt gramy daSth v ba sr dadn Searhay anqlabyHmayt mjdd Kvd ra az Hjtalaslam valmslmyn sydmHmd Katmy aelam daStnd. dr hmyn zmynh sKnran mrasm atHadyh anjmnhay aslamy danSjvyan )dftr tHkymvHdt( ba ajtmae dr mydan vlyeCr thran xmn tHlyl ajmaly az rKdad dvm Krdad gft kh Hadch dvm Krdad nyaz bh tHlyly jamehSnasanh dard, zyra mrdm ba antKab Katmy bh envan ryast jmhvry nSan dadnd kh nyazhay Kvd ra dr TrHandyShha v Searhay Katmy yafthand.
rahpymayan sps az mydan vly eCr)ej( bh svy danSgah thran Hrkt krdnd. Cfvf bh hm pyvsth rahpymayan, Aram-Aram bh smt danSgah thran mHldydar ba riysjmhvry Hrkt mykrd. dr Haly kh Cf jlvy rahpymayan vard danSgah thran Sdh bvd, anthayCfrahpymayan hnvz dr tqaTe Kyaban vlyeCr)ej( v Kyaban Talqany bvd. rahpymayan dr Tvl msyr ba sr dadn ayn Sear khjameh mdny ayjadbayd grdd.syast Katmyajra bayd grdd bh astqbal riysjmhvry drdanSgah thran rftnd. bh gzarS Kbrgzary jmhvry aslamy, rahpymayan kh dr dstan akcr Anha SaKhhay gl srK mSahdh mySd, ba srdadn Searhayy br adamh ajray syasthay dvlt AqayKatmy takyd krdnd. Aqay sydmHmd Katmy riysjmhvry aslamy ayran dqayqy pyS saet 03/61 dyrvz dr myan astqbal prSvr dhha hzar tn az danSjvyan v qSrhay mKtlf mrdm vard danSgah thran mHl brgzary mrasm salrvz Hmash dvm Krdad Sd. hngam vrvd riysjmhvry dhha hzar tn az danSjvyan, danSgahyan v qSrhay mKtlf mrdm kh az saetha pyS dr mHl mrasm Hxvr yafth bvdnd ykCda Searhay Katmy - Katmy Hmaytt myknym, srdadnd. ba vjvd Ankh byS az 51 dqyqh az Hxvr riysjmhvry dr danSgah thran gZSthbvd abraz aHsasat jmeyt hmGnan adamh daSt. yky az msivlan brgzary mrasm dyrvz aelam krd:taknvn byS az sh hzar sival khbhCvrt ktby az svy Srktknndgan dr mrasm mTrH Sdh ast tHvyl msivlan brgzarymrasm Sdh ast ta riysjmhvry aslamy ayran bh Anha pasK dhd. Angah Aqay Katmy bray ayrad sKnrany dr jaygah qrar grft kh ba astqbal prSvrmrdm rvbhrv Sd v dqayqy ra bh abraz aHsasat mrdm pasK dad. Aqay sydmHmd Katmy dyrvz dr jme prSvr danSjvyan, danSgahyan v qSrhay mKtlf mrdm gft:agr amrvz dr aynja grdAmdhaym ta az jameh mdny sKn bgvyym ta az Azady, edalt, az Hxvr Svrangyz nsl nvpay jameh dr erCh srnvSt sKn bgvyym azsazndgy sKn bgvyym hmh aynha mrhvn aycar v fdakary aycargran ast. vy afzvd:mXhr ayn aycar v fdakary ra mytvan dr svm Krdad v dr Azady KrmShr dyd, ayn rvz ra gramy mydarym ta az yad nbrym kh rySh madr kjast.Azady ma dr drjh avl mrhvn Kvn Shda v aycargran ast. riysjmhvry gft:qrar bvd ayn ajtmae yeny ajtmae danSjvyy Kyly zvdtr az ayn atfaq byaftd kh bh elt brnamhhay mKtlf bh taKyr aftad ta tqdyr alhy Hkm krd dr rvz dvm Krdad dr danSgah thran vdr jme ezyzandanSgahyan v danSjvyan v astadan v QyrdanSgahy brsm. albth tCadf namnasby hm nyst.Grakh mydanym elavh br nqS mmtazy kh Tbqat v grvhhay mKtlf dr AfrynS dvm Krdad daStnd danSgahyan -frhyKtgan - tHCyl krdhhay Hvzh hay ezyz - jvanan rvSnfkr - melmanv hnrmndan nqS mmtazy daStnd. riysjmhvry baaSarh bh aynkh, drayn rvz grdS rvzgar Gnan Sd khtCadf Hkm knd ta mrasm dvm Krdad, salrvz antKabat ryastjmhvry drdanSgah thran brgzar Svd, afzvd: grvhha, dsthhay mKtlf, ksanyba dydgahy mtedd bh dvm Krdad v Hadch dvm Krdad ngah krdnd v az Antjlyl bheml Avrdnd. vy ba byan ayn mTlb kh Kvd mn kmtryn sKn ra dr mvrd dvm Krdad gftham aXhardaSt:tHlylhay mKtlf eyby ndard bh SrTy aynkh avla hyGks sKn vtHlyl Kvd ra mTlq nknd v sKn mKalf ra nyz brtabd.canya tHlylhaygvnagvn Kvb ast bSrT Ankh CaHb aCly dvm Krdad yeny mrdm mvrd Qfltqrar ngyrnd.mrdmy kh nhtnha CaHb dvm Krdad kh CaHb kSvr v anqlabhstnd.mrdmy kh ba bstn pyman ba amam)rh( KvyS anqlab 22 bhmn ra pyrvzkrdnd.mrdmy kh dr erCh dfae az eXmt aslamy astqlal myhn v srblndy kSvrbyStryn fdakaryha ra krdnd.kh avj An drjng tHmyly nSan dadh Sd. Aqay Katmy ba takyd br aynkh mrdm dr hmh erChha Hxvr daStnd gft:mrdm sKtyhay ayn dvran ra basynh baz tHml krdnd, dr CHnhhay mKtlf Hxvr Svrangyz daStnd.hr tHlyly anjam dhym hmh ja bayd mtvjh CaHb aCly ayn anqlab baSym.
vy afzvd:dvm Krdad kh mqam meXm rhbry az An bh Hmash tebyr krdnd nh mtelq bh riysjmhvry ast v nh bh hyG dsth v grvhy ast, mtelq bh mrdm bzrgvar ayran ast. riysjmhvry dr adamh vdr Haly kh hr bKS az sKnanS mvrd tayyd Haxran qrar mygrft, Hxvr grvhhay mKtlf v qSrhay gvnagvn ra mvjb Sadaby CHnh haZkr krd v aXhar daSt: CaHb aCly dr ayn erCh nbayd framvS Svd. vy sps brKy evaml mvcr dr Xhvr dvm Krdad v dstavrdhay Anra batvjh bh dydgahhay mKtlf mvrd tHlyl qrar dad v gft:az yk dydgah mytvanym sh dvrhra mSKC knym dvrh avl dvrh tlaS bray HfX anqlab v nXam ast, tlaS mrdm braydfae az kyan v mvjvdyt jameh v nXam v dr jryan jng bh avj Kvd rsyd mrdm maba fdakary v gZSt v aycar bray aCl nXam v jameh vHakmyt kSvr janfSany krdnd.dvrh dvm bed az jng Srve Sd -ama CrfnXr az ntyjh, dvrany ast khjameh jht Ayndh v anqlab v nXam ra nSan mydhd v rv bh Abadany v sazndgydard.dvrh svm- kh dr An bhsrmybrym v dvm Krdad az barztryn nSanhhay Srve ayn dvran ast, dvran tcbyt nXam ast v ma dr dvran tcbyt nXam bhsr mybrym. vy ba takyd br aynkh tcbyt nXam bayddr GarGvb mSKC baSd v bayd brasas snd mly v Srey baSd, gft:ayn snd mly v Srey, qanvn asasy ast. Aqay Katmy gft:tcbyt nXam yeny nhadynh krdn payhhay syasy, aqtCady, elmy, frhngy v ajtmaey jameh ma dr GarGvb v aCl v payh qanvn asasy kh tcbytGarGvb myKvahd. vy afzvd:v dr ayn jast kh mtvjh drayt amam dr ahtmam bh aynkh hrGhzvdtrqanvn asasy tdvyn Svd v dr merx Aray mrdm qrar gyrd mySvym. riysjmhvry takyd krd:agr bgvym Hxvr 03 myblyvn mrdm v ray qaTe Anan bh tcbyt nXam bvd sKny bhgzaf ngftham. antKabat qanvngrayyv tlaS bray astqrar qanvn asasy bvd.
vy afzvd:astqbal mlt az teavn v qanvn grayy bhmeny ray mrdm bh AQaz dvran tcbyt nXam jmhvry aslamy ayran dr GarGvb qanvn asasy ast. jameh, qanvnstyz bvdh ast.qanvn dr gZSth Hvl mHvr mCalH mrdm nbvdhast.nh mrdm dr tdvyn qanvn nqS daStnd v nh ayn qanvn dr msyr mnafemrdm bvdh ast. Aqay Katmy ba aSarh bh aynkh, bzrgtryn brkat anqlab payan dvran syah v Hakmyt mrdm br srnvSt Kvd bvd tCryH krd:ama Zhnyt bdbyny nsbtbh qanvn dr jameh hst.yky az dstavrdhay bzrg dvm Krdad tQyyr dr rftarhaygrvhhay mKtlf v Hty ksany kh bhelly rabTh Kvby ba qanvn ndaStnd v aHyanaqanvnSkny mykrdnd v bh KSvnt mtvsl mySdnd mybaSd.Hty qanvnSknan nyzamrvz eml Kvd ra qanvny tvjyh myknnd v ayn dstavrd bzrg dvm Krdad ast. vy ba byan ayn mTlb kh amrvz qanvn v qanvn grayy dr kSvr bh yk arzS tbdyl Sdh ast afzvd:amrvz bayd dst bh dst hm bdhym ta ayn arzS dr eml pyadhSvd.v dr drjh avl qvay shganh kSvr bayd pyStaz dr qanvngrayy baSnd.vy gft:bnabrayn yky az dstavrdhay ayn anqlab elaqhmndy bh qanvnast.mrdm Kvastar nhadynh Sdn Azady drjameh bvdnd. Azady yky azhdfhay bzrg anqlab ast v mrdm Kvastar dst yaby bh Azady hstnd.ama nkthmhm ayn ast kh Azady Qyr az, azhm gsstgy vhrj v mrj ast.Azady GarGvbmyKvahd.dr GarGvb qanvn asasy, Azady vqanvn bahm mlazmnd. vy drayn zmynh afzvd:qanvn bdvn Azady nyz astylay slTh yk janbhbrjameh ast v Azady bdvn qanvn hrj v mrj ast.
ryysjmhvry gft:drmktbhay syasy, faSysm v AnarSysm dv qTb hstnd kh faClh Anha nsbt bh sayr mktbha az hmdygr byStr ast.Azady bh meny hrj vmrj nyst v nyz mHdvd bvdn Azady dyktatvry nyst.jameh mdnykh mvrd nXr mast, jamehay ast kh dr An Azady dr pnah qanvn vjvd KvahddaSt, qanvny kh Azady ra bh rsmyt bSnasd. vy afzvd:qanvn nXam ma qanvn asasy ast kh Hq Hakmyt mrdm ra bhrsmyt mySnasd v hm Azadyhay asasy ra bh rsmyt mySnasd.Azady azarjmndtryn gvhrhayy bvdhast khhmvarh ansan vbSryt bh svy An rfth ast.bh CraHt mygvym kh srnvSt v vjhhy ajtmaey dyn dramrvz v frda drgrvy ayn ast kh Tvry dyn ra bbynym kh ba Azady sazgar baSd.Sma bhtaryK bSr mrajeh knyd hr Gh kh ba Azady mqabl Sdh ast, lTmh dydh astHty fxylthay ansany.dyn agr drmqabl Azady qrar grfth ast, lTmhKvrdh ast.edalt agr drmqabl Azady qrargrfth ast lTmh Kvrdh ast.tvseh agr drmqabl Azady qrar grfth ast, sazndgy lTmh Kvrdh ast. vy takyd krd:tjrbh qrvn vsTy -kh dyn v Azady dr mqabl hm qrar grfth ast vbh Skst dyn mnjr Sdh nmvnh dygry azayn tqabl ast. ryysjmhvry adamh dad:drdnyay kmvnyst, edalt aqtCady dr mqablAzady qrar grft v mnjr bh Skst edalt Sd, grGh mrdm bh Azady hmnrsydnd. vy afzvd:ma dr jamehay bh sr mybrym v nXamy darym kh mbnay An nXam, Angvnh tlqy az dyn dard kh hm bray Hakmyt ansan br srnvSt KvdHq qayl Sdh ast v hm Azadyhay asasy xrbh nKvrdh ast. Aqay Katmy baaSarhbhaynkh dyn vAzady tacyr mtqabl eXymy brykdygr darnd, gft:amrvz zman tcbyt Azady vnhadynh krdn Azady dr jameh ast, Azady bahrj vmrj frq dard, Azady Qyr az vlngary aKlaqy vmenvyast, tlqy ma az Azady reayt mvazyn aKlaqy vmenvy ast. ryysjmhvry aslamy ayran afzvd:hyG nXamy nyst kh bray Azady Hdy qail nSvd, mhmtryn SrT astqrar jameh mdnypZyrS qanvn asasy v aHtrambh ray akcryt ast. Aqay Katmy takyd krd:vaqeythay mvjvd nSan mydhd kh Htma bayd Azadyha drkSvr reayt mvazyn aslamy ra bknd zyra akcryt mrdm ma mslmannd v bh nXam aslamy ray dadnd v Hvl mHvr rhbry, nhadha v arganhay dygr Sklmygyrnd. vy afzvd:hvyt taryKy v frhngy kSvr dr 0041 sal gZSth aslam bvdh v Hty ksany kh bh aslam aetqad ndarnd agr mnCf baSnd ayn mvxve ra mdnXr qrar mydhnd. ryysjmhvry kh sKnanS ba abraz aHsasat Sdyd Haxran dr mrasm salgrdHmash dvm Krdad hmrah bvd gft:aHtram bh frhng aslam SrT pySrft mast vtmam ksany kh ayran v ayrany ra srblnd myKvahnd nmytvannd nsbt bh eamlmhm dyny v aslamy bytfavt baSnd. sydmHmd Katmy batakyd braynkh ma dr nXam aslamy Azady ra dr GarGvbqanvn myKvahym, gft:mrad az Azady hrj v mrj nyst blkh Azady andySh vamnyt, abraz An v Azady syasy dr jameh ast. vy gft:andySh ra bh hyG vjh nmytvan az byn brd v ya ba frman v bKSnamh An ra mHdvd krd, vly mytvan jlvy abraz andySh ra grft. ryysjmhvry hSdar dad hr Gh kh jlvy andySh grfth Svd andySh dr nhan bh fealyt myprdazd v kar Kvd ra bh pyS mybrd. sydmHmd Katmy afzvd:pvyatryn nXam, nXamy ast kh kmtryn mHdvdytra bray abraz andySh aemal knd. vy afzvd:drnXam ma dv aCl eam v asasy, aKlal bh mbany aslam v mKalft ba Hqvq emvmy, Hdy ast kh bray Azady teyyn Sdh ast v ba tvjh bh vaqeythay mvjvd ayn Hd bray rSd jameh xrvry ast. ryysjmhvry mnXvr az Azady raAzady mKalf danst v gft: agr hmh ksany kh ba qdrt hstnd v ba rah v kar qdrt ASnayy darnd v ba An mvafqnd, Azad baSnd, nmytvan gft kh Azady vjvd dard. sydmHmd Katmy afzvd:Karj krdn mKalfan az CHnh, hnr Hkvmt nystblkh hnr Hkvmt ayn ast kh mKalfan Kvd ra vadar knd kh dr GarGvb qanvneml knnd. vy tCryH krd kh aynjast kh Hq mtqabl myan dvlt v mrdm ayjad mySvd yeny dvlt Hq dard az Shrvndan bKvahd dr GarGvb qanvn aemalnXr knnd vmrdm nyz mtqabla Hq darnd dr GarGvb qanvn, Azadyhay Kvd ra az dvltbKvahnd. ryysjmhvry gft:bayd nKbgan kSvr v bhKCvC nvysndgan, hnrmndan, danSgahyan bayd Kyly tlaS knnd ta dr jryan Azadyhayy kh dr GarGvb qanvn mTrH mySvnd dSmnan svi astfadh nknnd. syd mHmd Katmy gft:ma dr eCry zndgy myknym kh systmhay jasvsy, aqtCady, aTlaeaty, syasy, nXamy dr aKtyar qdrthay tvsehTlb qrar dard v dr Gnyn jhany mlty kh bKvahd Azad baSd dr merx thdyd qrar dard. ryysjmhvry az Azady bh envan nhal nvpayy nam brd kh ps az anqlab aslamy pagrfth ast v bayd tlaS Svd ayn nhal az Tvfanhay drvny v byrvny HfX Svd ta bh Cvrt drKt tnavry drAyd ta gzndy bh An nrsd. vy gft:dv grvh hstnd kh mmkn ast bh Azady mTlvb v mSrve lTmh vardsaznd, ksany kh ba nfs Azady mKalfnd v ksany kh bh elt vabstgy v edmdrk CHyH mvqeytha Xrfyt v SKCyt bhrhbrdary az Azady ra ndarnd. ryysjmhvry afzvd:ayn grvhha bh jay astfadh az Azady dr msyr rSdjameh az Azady bh gvnhay bhrhbrdary myknnd kh byS az aynkh mrdm azAzady mntfe Svnd dSmnan az Azadyha astfadh myknnd. sydmHmd Katmy az tHml v HvClh bh envan abzary bray nhadynh krdn Azady dr GarGvb qanvn yad krd v gft:bayd byS az hmh nslhay andySmndv mtfkr v danSgahyan pyStaz Cbr v tHml baSnd. vy bh Haxryn dr ajtmae bzrg dvm Krdad dr danSgah thran gft:dvlt mntKb Sma dr dvran yksalh Kvd dr mqabl antqadat batHml vsehCdr brKvrd krdh ast. ryysjmhvry afzvd:dvlt brgzydh mlt bayd pyStaz tHml v seh CdrbaSd ta qanvn ra pyadh knd v Azady ra dr kSvr nhadynh nmayd v ayn tHml ba Agahy dr dvlt brgzydh mlt reayt mySvd. sydmHmd Katmy takyd krd:tHml v HvClhay kh dvlt mntKb mlt An rasrlvHh Kvd qrar dadh ast az srxef nyst blkh yky az nSanhhay aqtdardvlt ast. vy afzvd:SKCa eqydh ndarm kh yk dvlt mqtdr bayd mKalfan Kvd ra srkvb knd blkh dvlt mqtdr dvlty ast kh ayn Xrfyt ra daSth baSd taantqadat ra ba AQvS baz tHml nmayd ta jameh dr erCh qanvngrayy bhrSd v teadl brsd.
ryysjmhvry ba aSarh bh Hxvr Svrangyz mrdm dr CHnhhay mKtlf gft:amrvz byS az hr zman dygry nXam aslamy v kSvr jmhvry aslamy ayran drerChhay bynalmlly daray aHtram ast. vy afzvd:amrvz mlt ayran tvansth ast ba nfvZ dr afkar emvmy dnya Zhnyt jhan ra nsbt bh Kvd tQyyr dhd bhgvnhay kh bray dnyay qrn Aty Hrfha v pyamhay tazhay daSth baSd. sydmHmd Katmy tCryH krd:amrvz dnya dryafth ast kh dvry az nXamjmhvry aslamy ayran bh zyanS tmam mySvd.jmhvry aslamy ayran br asas aClaHtram mtqabl rvabT ba jhan v bh KCvC ba kSvrhay aslamy v mnTqh ra bySaz pyS gstrS dadh ast kh Acar mcbt aqtCady, syasy v amnyty An braymlt aslamy ayran fravan ast. vy az Hxvr jvanan bh envan yky dygr az dstavrdhay bzrg dvm Krdad nam brd v gft:brjstgy antKabat gZSth v Sadaby jameh mrhvn v mdyvn Hxvr jvanan dr erCh srnvSt bvdh ast, jvanany kh hr ja Hxvr pyda krdndmejzh Afrydnd. ryysjmhvry aslamy ayran, tCryH krd:dvm Krdad rvz Hxvr 03 mylyvn nfr drerCh srnvSt v rvz aelam rSd v kmal v pySrft ayn mlt bvd. sydmHmd Katmy gft:aetmad bh Kvd, aetmad bh nXam v aetmad bhbrnamhhay araih Sdh sh eamly bvd kh mrdm dr Hmash dvm Krdad az Kvdbrvz dadnd. vy afzvd:hr Gnd 02 mylyvn nfr bh ryysjmhvry mntKb ray dadnd ama ryysjmhvry Kdmtgzar hmh mlt ast v bayd pasdar aslam v qanvn asasybaSd. ryysjmhvry aslamy ayran mhmtryn Sear antKabaty ra Sear tvseh syasy danst v gft:dr tvseh syasy hmh mrdm CaHb Hq ray v HqnXr hstnd.mrdmsalary mvrd nXr ma, astyla v dyktatvry akcryt v axmHlal aqlyt nyst,blkhvjvd aqlyt bray jameh lazm ast zyra agr qdrt dr mqabl Kvd antqad ndaSthbaSd bh svy dyktatvry pyS myrvd. vy afzvd:ama agr akcryt bh brnamhhayy ray dad ayn Hq Anan ast kh ayn brnamhha pyadh Svd v hmh bayd bray ajray ayn brnamhha kmkknnd. ryysjmhvry bardygr dr ajtmae bzrg Srktknndgan dr Hmash dvm Krdad aelam krd:bh pymany kh ba Sma bstham vfadarm.
sydmHmd Katmy afzvd:mTmin baSyd hyG maney jlvy pafSary ma bray anjam brnamhhayman vjvd ndard, mmkn ast mSklat v mvane Stab brnamhhara km knd vly tHt hyG SrayTy jht v hdfman ra gm nKvahym krd.vy bh mrdm gft:bray aynkh btvanm bh ehd Kvd vfa knm nKst bh Kdapnah mybrm v dr drjh dvm az mrdm astmdad myTlbm. =end=
TEHRAN, May 24 (AFP) - The massive turnout to mark the first anniversary of Iranian President Mohammad Khatami's election victory was hailed on Sunday as a clear-cut show of support for his reformist agenda.
"People announced that their ideal society is one where there is freedom protected and recognized by law," moderate newspaper Hamshahri said.
Tens of thousands of people packed Tehran University on Saturday to mark the first anniversary of Khatami's election, in one of the biggest independent political gatherings since the 1979 Islamic revolution.
Hamshahri said the turnout was a new popular endorsement of plans by the 55-year-old moderate cleric to establish the rule of law and ensure greater freedom and democracy.
Leftist newspaper Salam said Khatami would succeed in carrying out his reform agenda despite mounting resistance from hardline conservatives, who fear that the fundamental principles of the revolution are being undermined.
"Khordad-2 an Irreversible Trend," read the headline of the newspaper's editorial, referring to the day Khatami was elected on May 23, 1997.
"Efforts to sabotage the election may have slowed down the pace of development, but it has not succeeded in stopping it," Salam added.
Among those attending Saturday's rallies were students, clerics, intellectuals and secular Iranians, a sign that Khatami continues to enjoy backing from all sectors of the population despite worsening economic conditions and the slow pace of reform.
Khatami was elected on a promise to implement political, economic and social reform and since taking office in August, he has tried to give the Islamic republic a softer image in the world and create greater social freedoms.
Salam said thousands of people marched in Esfahan, another bastion of pro-Khatami support in central Iran.
In both cities, crowds chanted slogans exceeding the boundaries the president himself has tried to impose on freedom of expression in a bid to avoid social chaos.
In Tehran, demonstrators attacked conservative officials and institutions, demanding their resignation or radical reforms, and many of the young people expressed their frustration over the strict regulations limiting their personal freedom.
Despite the thirst for change, many people, including Khatami himself, have warned against going too far.
"We have to understand what kind of freedom we are after, and understand the reality of the country we live in," Khatami said in his speech to crowd at Tehran University.
"We want a society based on respect for the law and for basic freedoms within the framework of the constitution," he said.
Jomhuri Islami newspaper criticized the student activists, many of whom were born after the revolution or are too young to remember it, for shouting "radical and diversionary slogans" during the rally.
"The attitude of some participants did not conform with our society's traditions and culture," it warned.
"Such slogans did not help to bring hearts closer. There is a fear that they will only intensify mutual recrimination and open the way for those who want to disrupt peace."
But the president, backed by moderate conservatives, has gone to great lengths to reconcile the new developments in Iran with the regime's fundamental principles.
"The makers of Khordad-2 are the same people who have defended the revolution over the years. They have only moved from one bulwark to another in their goal to defend independence, freedom and the Islamic republic," said Kar-Kargar daily.
By LINDA DEUTSCH .c The Associated Press
AP Special Correspondent
TORRANCE, Calif. (AP) - A suicidal mother leaps from a window with her small daughter. The child dies; the mother lives on in a shattered body and is tried for murder.
At her trial in a courtroom in this Los Angeles suburb, Farinoosh ``Roya'' Dalili lies prone in a hospital bed facing her jury, a box of tissues at hand to wipe her copious tears.
Mrs. Dalili's body was broken in so many places by her fall from a 10-story window that some 200 pins hold her splintered bones together. She's allowed to listen to testimony lying down because she cannot sit for long periods without pain.
It's the stuff of a classical Greek tragedy, and her Iranian family and members of the immigrant community stand by as the chorus, alleging she was an abused spouse whose victimization is continuing in the courts.
Prosecutors, who see no evidence of abuse, say she must pay for the death of her 3-year-old daughter, Nagen Natalie Dalili. So does her estranged husband, Nader Dalili, who's divorcing her and suing her for wrongful death.
``She's responsible for what happened,'' Deputy District Attorney Alex Karkanen said. ``She's lost a daughter but she did it.''
On March 3, 1997, Mrs. Dalili went to the Torrance Marriott Hotel and requested a room on a high floor.
The prosecution contends the 31-year-old woman held her daughter in her arms as she leaped from the window. Mrs. Dalili's lawyer, Alex Kessel, said that theory is pure speculation and probably wrong.
Kessel will present evidence beginning Tuesday that Mrs. Dalili and her little girl were so emotionally attached that the child probably saw her mother jump and followed her out the window.
Karkanen said he, too, believes the mother and child were close but says Kassel's theory is not supported by physical evidence.
``Based on our psychological reports, they were so close she wanted them to be together in death,'' he said. ``It's our feeling that's not her choice to make.''
Kessel points out that Mrs. Dalili tried suicide twice before. Once she slashed her wrists; the second time she tried to grab a doctor's needle and inject air into her veins.
Her husband testified that she had seemed ``a little bit depressed'' in the weeks before his daughter's death.
Dr. Ronald Markman, a forensic psychiatrist who testified for the defense, said someone as focused on suicide as Mrs. Dalili would not have thought about the fate of her daughter.
``I think the daughter's presence essentially is irrelevant to her state of mind,'' Markman said. ``Her only concern was her own demise. That's what she was looking for.''
Nagen was dead on arrival at a nearby hospital.
Her mother, who landed 10 feet away from her child, had internal injuries and shattered feet, hips, pelvis, knees, an ankle and an elbow.
Mrs. Dalili wept in court as the prosecutor displayed pictures of her dead child.
Kassel will seek to show how Mrs. Dalili was driven to despair by her husband's verbal, physical and sexual abuse, which escalated when her baby turned out to be a girl - Nader Dalili wanted a boy.
Kassel also said Mrs. Dalili, who left Iran when she was 15, had a college degree in French literature but her husband wouldn't let her hold a job.
The prosecutor said he has found no credible evidence of domestic abuse.
Negotiations for a plea bargain broke down after prosecutors' best offer was manslaughter with 11 years in state prison. They also suggested her commitment to a psychiatric hospital, which the defense rejected.
If there is a murder conviction, the degree is up to the jury.
The chance of a first-degree murder conviction is remote, according to Loyola University Law School Dean Laurie Levenson.
``Unless you have the world's coldest jurors, it's doubtful,'' she said. ``But you can't give parents license to hurt a child. I think jurors are upset anytime a child is a victim and they want someone held responsible. But it's certainly not your typical first degree murder case.''
Even the prosecutor seems troubled by the prospect of a harsh sentence.
``I don't think any normal person jumps off the 10th floor of a hotel,'' Karkanen said. ``It comes down to the question: what are we going to do if we convict her? The answer is we're human. We don't know. It will require a lot of soul searching on the part of the district attorney's office.''
Copyright 1998 The Associated Press.