Date: Feb 6, 1999 [ 0: 0: 0]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 4 Feb 1999 to 5 Feb 1999

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 4 Feb 1999 to 5 Feb 1999
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There are 12 messages totalling 888 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. A request to all subscribers!
2. NEWS99 - 'Adineh' Closed, Publisher to be Fined,Flogged
4. Iran denies plotting attacks with Hamas
5. Israel scoffs at notion Iran backs Netanyahu reelection
6. Iran says Germany needs to do more to restore privileged relations
7. Iran rejects Palestinian accusations of bombing campaign "plot"
8. Iran denies negotiating to buy US wheat
9. Iran's ageing revolutionaries step up efforts to woo baby-boomers
10. Tehran paper casts doubt on upgrading of relations with Britain
11. Open letter of the French Scholars and Academics to the Islamic President
of Republic about Human Rights Violation in Iran...
12. NY Times of 2/05/99 Article About Iran....


Date: Fri, 5 Feb 1999 10:58:52 +0100
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad.abdolian@RSA.ERICSSON.SE>
Subject: A request to all subscribers!

Hello everone,
I have a request to all of you who send message to dni-news list to keep
the job of acrchiving and distribution as easy as possible.

Please do not send MIME formated message to this list. I know that many of
you are using modern, new and fancy e-mail client which are cpable of
sending very beutifull and good looking e-mails in many different format
(such as MS-outlook, Netscape messanger etc), but dni-news list is a text
based list. and the majority of subscibers on this list can read your
message in the way you send it to the list specially those who recieve our
news in digest format (offcource we can read it but it is kind of difficult
to read MIME formated text + MIME formated embeded HTML copy of the same

So please check your setup and try to change it to "pure-text" not HTML
formatting, no MIME conversion and no binary atachment.

If we all follow this recomendation, then it will be much easier for all of
us to use this list.

bA ehterAm,
Farhad A.
self nominated list admin :)


Date: Fri, 5 Feb 1999 08:00:29 -0500
From: Dara Chehrazi <chehrazi@PAIR.COM>
Subject: Re: NEWS99 - 'Adineh' Closed, Publisher to be Fined,Flogged

would it not be interesting if we could establish a fund or an account
to reimburse any publisher twice of any amount of fine that is levied
against them by islamic republic this is a small cost for freedom we can
pay to the soldiers of freedom of expression and thought lets do it

arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM wrote:

> Tuesday, February 2, 1999 Published at 18:50 GMT
> World: Middle East
> A popular Iranian magazine closed
> The Iranian authorities have ordered the closure of a
> popular independent magazine, Adineh, accusing it of
> publishing lies and causing public concern.
> Its managing director Gholam-Hussain Zakeri was fined three
> thousand dollars.
> Adineh is the oldest independent and secular cultural and
> social magazine in Iran.
> Its former editor Faraj Sarkuhi -- who spent a year in
> prison on charges of spreading propaganda against the
> Islamic regime -- told the BBC that Adineh's closure
> indicates that the hardliners have begun a new offensive
> against the free press.
> >From the newsroom of the BBC World Service
> ----------------------
> T H E I R A N I A N T I M E S
> Tuesday, February 2, 1999
> Adineh ordered closed
> A judge has ordered the closure of Adineh, the
> most-respected independent magazine in Iran, IRNA reported
> today.
> The judge also ordered the flogging of the publisher,
> Gholamhossein Zakeri, and demanded that he pay nine million
> rials in penalties. Zakeri has been accused of publishing
> "false, misleading and morally corrupt" articles.
> Zakeri has 20 days to appeal ... FULL TEXT IN PERSIAN AT:


Date: Fri, 5 Feb 1999 16:49:50 EST

Press Release


On February 4, 1999, at 11:10am, the International Federation
of Iranian Refugees - Netherlands Branch and several others refugee
groups occupied the office of the United Nations in the Hague for
several hours. The occupation was in protest to the January 22
discussions of the Dutch Council of Ministers regarding the new report
on Iran from the Minister of Foreign Affairs which cites only certain
categories of persons as "still running the risk of persecution." Though
riot police were called in, the refugees maintained their ground. A UN
official was forced to enter into discussions with representatives of
the protesters, one of whom was Malihe Binesh, the IFIR-Netherlands
Branch Director. Binesh proclaimed that refugees and their supporters
would not cease their protests until the government:

1. Canceled the report of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that effectively
deems Iran a "safe" country;
2. Ceased the deportation of Iranian asylum seekers;
3. Re-opened all rejected casefiles; and,
4. Recognized the undeniable right to asylum for Iranians.

In 1997 and 1995, similar attempts were defeated through the organized
struggle of Iranian asylum seekers and their supporters. In 1997, IFIR
and its Netherlands Branch organized a sit-in and mass demonstrations,
and spoke before the Dutch parliament. The Dutch government’s attempt
to once again negate two decades of terror and cruelty and deny any
other form of persecution in the brutal Islamic Republic of Iran is outrageous
- especially in light of the recent assassinations. The Dutch government,
eager to build economic and political relations, has taken the racism
and deception of its previous report to new heights. Now, the torture,
execution, and gender-apartheid capital of the world is effectively "safe"
for political opponents, workers, women, youth, and children. It seems
that in their Iran, "intellectuals, homosexuals and Baha’is" only still run
the "risk" of persecution. Presumably, most of the 4,600 Iranians in
central and regional "reception facilities" won’t face such "risks."

It was our collective efforts that forced the Dutch government to retreat
in the past. Join us to put an end to their masquerade once and for all.
Support this important struggle by organizing actions and by sending
protest faxes and letters to Dutch government officials and embassies
in your countries of residence. The Dutch government must be reminded
that it cannot play with the lives of human beings.


Het Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The Netherlands
via fax: (31) 70 348 4848

De Minister President W. Kok
The Netherlands
via fax: (31) 70 365 18 08

A. H. Korthals
Minister of Justice
M. J. Cohen
State Secretary of Justice
The Netherlands
via fax: (31) 70 370 79 37

Stephen van Wersch
First Secretary
Netherlands Embassy
via fax: 202-364-4213

I am / my organization is outraged that the Dutch government has once again
effectively deemed Iran "safe." The Dutch government must address the
legitimate demands of Iranian asylum seekers and:

1. Cancel the new report of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that effectively
deems Iran a "safe" country;
2. Cease the deportation of Iranian asylum seekers;
3. Re-open all rejected casefiles; and,
4. Recognize the undeniable right to asylum for Iranians.

I / my organization await (s) your action in this life and death matter for
countless individuals who have fled the Islamic Republic of Iran.




For more information
contact: Maryam Namazie
GPO, PO Box 7051
New York, NY 10116
Tel: 212-747-1046
Fax: 212-425-7260


Date: Sat, 6 Feb 1999 00:18:12 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran denies plotting attacks with Hamas

TEHRAN, Iran, Feb. 4 (UPI) -- Iran has strongly denied Palestinian
Authority claims it is supporting the Palestinian Islamic Resistance
Movement, Hamas, in its efforts to carry out militant attacks in Israel.
Iran's Foreign Ministry spokesman, Riyadh Hamad Asafi, said today
that his country rejects accusations by the Gaza-based Palestinian
Authority that Tehran is plotting with the armed wing of Hamas, Izzel
Dein al-Kassam Brigades, to carry out attacks in Israel ahead of its May
He said, ``The Palestinian Authority is saying this to justify its
services to the Zionists and to use it against the Palestinian
Palestinian police Chief Brig. Gen. Ghazi al-Jabali told a group of
Palestinian notables in Gaza late Wednesday that police found $35
million with members of Hamas's armed wing, claiming it was paid by
Iranian intelligence.
He said Tehran's plan includes paying the Islamic group $130 million
to carry out attacks against Israeli targets over the next two months to
``help right-wing parties win the elections'' in Israel.
Many western and Arab governments have accused Iran of providing
financial and political support to Islamic militant groups, particularly
Hamas and the Islamic Jihad, which have claimed responsibility for a
series of suicide attacks in Israel.
A Hamas member in the Jordanian capital, Amman, said today that his
group does not receive financial support from any ``foreign party.''
He said on condition of anonymity that the Palestinian Authority was
``fabricating'' these claims to ``justify further crackdown on our
resistance in order to please Israel.''
Hamas enjoys close ties with Tehran and Islamic groups around the
world, but insists it only receives ``moral support'' from them.


Date: Sat, 6 Feb 1999 00:18:17 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Israel scoffs at notion Iran backs Netanyahu reelection

JERUSALEM, Feb 4 (AFP) - Israel scoffed Thursday at Palestinian
allegations that Iran was helping Islamic radicals plot bombings in
Israel in hopes the carnage would assure Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu's reelection in May.
"Those who tried to charge in 1996 that the terrorist
organisations favor Netanyahu's election were talking nonsense then
and it is total nonsense now," David Bar-Illan, the prime minister's
spokesman, told AFP.
He was responding to a statement Wednesday by Palestinian police
chief Ghazi al-Jabali that Iran was funnelling millions of dollars
to the Palestinian Islamic group Hamas to finance attacks against
Israel ahead of the May elections.
Jabali said the Palestinian Authority had received
"corroborating information from US, Western and Arab services about
an Iranian plot aimed at influencing the Israeli elections in favour
of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu."
Hamas, which is violently opposed of the peace process with
Israel, has been accused of carrying out a series of deadly suicide
bombings in February and March 1996 in a successful bid to torpedo
the reelection of Labor prime minister Shimon Peres.
Netanyahu used the suicide attacks to bolster campaign charges
that the Labor government had failed to protect Israel's security
interests in its peace negotiations with the Palestinians.
He narrowly defeated Peres in May elections and went on to slow
down implementation of the peace accords with the Palestinians.
Jabali said Palestinian police learned of the Iranian link and
Hamas plans for new attacks against Israelis through interogations
of arrested Hamas militants.


Date: Sat, 6 Feb 1999 00:18:35 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran says Germany needs to do more to restore privileged relations

TEHRAN, Feb 4 (AFP) - Iran warned Germany on Thursday that it
would have to make further changes in its policies towards the
Islamic Republic if it wanted to recapture its former privileged
position here.
"It seems that German authorities have decided to alter their
policies vis-a-vis the Islamic Republic -- we welcome this
decision," Deputy Foreign Minister Mahmud Vaezi told the
English-language Iran News.
But "I think Iran is not contemplating any particular moves in
this regard at present and it is up to Germany to effect some
changes in its behaviour," he said.
Vaezi said that the policies of former chancellor Helmut Kohl
had lost Germany the privileged position it had previously enjoyed
as Iran's biggest trading partner.
"The policies of the previous government in Bonn led to
Germany's exclusion from Iran's economic, trade and cultural
sectors," he said.
Iranian businessmen "decided to turn to other countries with
more stable foreign policies and Tehran's most important trade
partner lost its prestige and status among Iranians."
Bonn's relations with Tehran deteriorated sharply in April 1997
after a German court implicated top Iranian officials in the 1992
murders of Kurdish opposition leaders in Berlin.
"We will work with any country we deem suitable, including
Germany. This, however, does not mean that we want to set special
conditions for Germany," Vaezi said.
"Our response to Germany will depend on their behaviour."
Bonn's relations with Tehran have been further complicated by
the case of Helmut Hofer, a German businessman sentenced to death
here early last year for an alleged illict relationship with a
Moslem Iranian woman.
In November the new German chancellor Gerhard Schroeder charged
Chancellory Minister Bodo Hombach with pursuing contacts with Tehran
over Hofer's case.
But Iranian officials have said repeatedly that the case, which
is awaiting the final verdict of the Supreme Court, is a legal
matter which should not be politicized.


Date: Sat, 6 Feb 1999 00:18:41 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran rejects Palestinian accusations of bombing campaign "plot"

TEHRAN, Feb 4 (AFP) - Iran strongly denied Thursday Palestinian
Authority accusations that it is organising a wave of suicide
bombings against Israeli targets to favour the re-election of
hardline Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
The Iranian foreign ministry "strongly rejected" claims made by
the Palestinian police that Iranians were planning a wave of suicide
bombings in cooperation with the Palestinian militant group Hamas.
"Palestinian authorities are making such remarks to justify
their services to the Zionists and their suppression of Palestinian
resistance groups," said foreign ministry spokesman Hamid Reza
"The Islamic Republic's point of view is that all factions and
parties in the Zionist regime are part of the same entity, and their
aim is to violate the rights of Muslims and especially
Palestinians," he told the official Iranian news agency IRNA.
"We advise Palestinian Authority officials to rely on the
support of the Palestinian people instead of pinning their hopes on
Zionist political games," he said.
Palestinian police chief Ghazi Al-Jabali said late Wednesday
that Palestinian security forces "confirmed the arrival of 35
million dollars from Iranian intelligence services," as part of 130
million dollars destined to finance bombings to be carried out by
the Ezzedin al-Kassam brigade, the military wing of Hamas.
He said the Palestinian Authority had received "corroborating
information from US, Western and Arab (intelligence) services about
an Iranian plot aimed at influencing the Israeli elections (in May)
in favour of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu."
Iran is hostile to the Middle East peace process, which it says
is grossly in favour of Israeli interests, while Iranian leaders
have repeatedly denounced Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat for his
"betrayal" of the Palestinian cause.


Date: Sat, 6 Feb 1999 00:18:56 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran denies negotiating to buy US wheat

TEHRAN, Feb 4 (AFP) - Iran denied Thursday negotiating to
purchase wheat from the United States, following a US State
Department statement that it had placed an order for wheat and
"We have not conducted any negotiations for purchasing wheat
from America," Deputy Foreign Minister Mahmud Vaezi told a Tehran
paper Thursday.
He told the English-language Iran News that "there has been no
change" in Iran's policy toward the United States, which has slapped
a unilateral economic embargo on Iran.
The US State Department said late last month that Iran had
placed an order to buy more than 500 million dollars' worth of US
grain and sugar, but said Washington had yet to decide whether to
approve it.
According to the Washington Post, Iran placed the order in
December, following an improvement in US-Iranian relations after the
1997 election of reformist President Mohammed Khatami.
It said the request, submitted to the Treasury Department on
December 14, was for two million tonnes of wheat, 400,000 tonnes of
corn, 300,000 tonnes of rice, 400,000 tonnes of sugar and 200,000
tonnes of soy meal.
It was placed by Niki Trading Co., specially created last June
for the proposed grain deal by Richard Bliss, a veteran Washington
lobbyist, and Yahya Fiuzi, an Iranian American, Bliss told the
The order has been approved "at the highest level of the Iranian
government," and has the backing of 10 US agricultural trade
associations and a bipartisan group of US lawmakers, Bliss said.
Late last month Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi refused
to rule out wheat purchases from the United States, saying they
revealed the bankruptcy of the unilateral embargo Washington imposed
in 1995 and would have no impact on Iran's policy of economic
But the speaker of Iran's conservative-dominated parliament
Ali-Akbar Nateq Nuri warned against reliance for "strategic goods"
on a country which turns more hostile towards Islam and Iran every
Iran and the United States severed diplomatic relations in 1980
after Islamic students stormed the US embassy here and held staff
hostage for over a year.
There have been calls for renewed dialogue since Khatami's
surprise election victory, but they have been strongly opposed by
his conservative opponents.


Date: Sat, 6 Feb 1999 00:19:03 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran's ageing revolutionaries step up efforts to woo baby-boomers

TEHRAN, Feb 4 (AFP) - Iran's ageing revolutionaries are to hold
a series of unprecedented public meetings with youngsters next week
in a renewed bid to help the huge teenage population identify with
the regime's 20th anniversary celebrations.
In a first meeting next Sunday, state officials and MPs will
meet 400 Tehran fifth-formers born since the Islamic revolution
which toppled the Western-backed monarchy.
The meeting will give the younger generation an opportunity to
ask the former revolutionaries why they rose against the shah 20
years ago this week.
A similar meeting will be held with primary school children
Tuesday amid growing official concern that a full 50 percent of
Iran's population aged 20 or under have no understanding of the
reasons behind the 1979 revolution.
Iranian officials have made growing efforts to win the hearts
and minds of the country's youngsters, who along with women, played
a decisive role in the shock 1997 presidential election victory of
reformist cleric Mohammad Khatami.
"You youngsters were not in the revolution, so it is natural
that what you know is only what you have read or heard," Khatami
told a 12,000-strong crowd of cheering schoolchildren on Tuesday.
"But the revolution was a dramatic development in terms of the
speed and sheer scope of change ... and youngsters just like you
played the most important part," he told the cheering crowd.
Khatami's popularity with the young and his repeated calls for
the authorities to meet their "legitimate desires" have led other
prominent regime personalities to pay greater attention to


Date: Sat, 6 Feb 1999 00:19:15 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Tehran paper casts doubt on upgrading of relations with Britain

TEHRAN, Feb 4 (AFP) - A Tehran newspaper cast doubt Thursday on
any imminent upgrading of relations with Britain.
"Since Britain has adopted an unfriendly policy on Iran, sending
an ambassador to London has been cancelled for the time being," the
Tehran Times quoted an "informed source" as saying.
The upgrading of relations was not even discussed during a visit
last month by a top British envoy, the paper said.
Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi did not receive the head of the
Foreign Office's Middle East Department, Derek Plumbly, the paper
said, and the envoy delivered a message from British Foreign
Secretary Robin Cook to Kharazi's deputy.
Tehran and London had been widely expected to restore full
diplomatic relations following a pledge by Kharazi in New York last
September not to carry out the 1989 death sentence for blasphemy
imposed on British novelist Salman Rushdie.
The two governments would promote the charges d'affaires who
currently represent them in each other's capitals, Nicholas Browne
and Gholamreza Ansari, to full ambassadors, the English-language
Iran News, which is considered close to Iran's foreign ministry,
reported just before Plumbly's visit last month.
But Britain had "time and again interfered in the internal
affairs of Iran," the Tehran Times said.
"The UK recently launched a propaganda campaign against the
Islamic Republic to exploit the murder of Dariush Foruhar and his
wife Parvaneh and some writers in Tehran," the paper quoted the
source as saying.
In a shock announcement early last month, the Iranian
intelligence ministry admitted that rogue agents had been involved
in a recent string of murders of dissident intellectuals, including
Foruhar, leader of the secular Iranian Nation's Party.
The 10th anniversary of the death sentence, or fatwa, imposed by
the late Iranian leader Ayatallah Ruhollah Khomeini shortly before
his death, falls on February 14.
The Iranian government has disassociated itself from a
2.8-million-dollar bounty placed on Rushdie's head by a religious
foundation here, but hardliners have vowed to execute the death
sentence, which they consider as irrevocable.


Date: Fri, 5 Feb 1999 20:25:30 -0600
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Open letter of the French Scholars and Academics to the Islamic
President of Republic about Human Rights Violation in Iran...

Lettre ouverte à Monsieur Mohammad Khatami

Cette lettre ouverte est signée par plus de 100 universitaires en France
dont Pierre Bourdieu, Pierre Ansart , Robert Castel , Jacques Ardoino ,
Michel Broué , François Gaspar et Alain Touraine.

Paris, le 15 janvier 1999

A Monsieur Mohammad Khatemi, le président de la République Islamique d'Iran
Monsieur le président,
Nous suivons avec beaucoup d'inquiétudes les événements tragiques
concernant la disparition, la torture et l'assassinat de plusieurs
intellectuels et universitaires iraniens. Après la mort suspecte de M.
Sharif, depuis le 10 décembre 1998, M. Mokhtari et M. D. Pouyandé deux
intellectuels et chercheurs iraniens, auteurs de plusieurs ouvrages sur la
tolérance et les droits de l'homme, ont été retrouvés torturés et
assassinés près de Téhéran.

Nous exprimons notre indignation face à ces actes inhumains et criminels.
Vos promesses électorales avaient suscité un grand espoir pour
l'amélioration de la situation des Droits de l'Homme en Iran.
Malheureusement depuis plusieurs mois la société iranienne est confrontée à
une nouvelle vague de répression dont les universités, la presse et les
milieux intellectuels en sont la principale cible.
Nous vous demandons :
- de prendre des mesures nécessaires et urgentes afin de mettre
immédiatement un terme à cette vague de violence et de terreur contre les
intellectuels et d'assurer leur sécurité,
- de poursuivre ceux qui ont commandité et commis ces crimes et de
les faire comparaître publiquement devant la justice,

Monsieur le président,
L'humanité fête en ce moment le cinquantième anniversaire de la Déclaration
Universelle des Droits de l'Homme. Nous souhaitons vivement que l'Iran,
rejoigne, enfin, à l'entrée du 21ème siècle, la grande famille des peuples
qui jouissent de ces droits élémentaires. C'est en ce sens que nous
attendons de vous des actes concrets.

Les professeurs, enseignants et chercheurs des établissements de
l'enseignement supérieur en France

Ansart Pierre, professeur, université Paris 7
Ardoino Jacques, professeur, université Paris 8
Assadi Djamchid, professeur, American University of Paris
Authier Jean-Yves, Maître de Conférences, l'Université Lumière Lyon 2
Baduel Pierre Robert, Directeur du URBAMA, Président de l'Association
française pour l'étude du monde arabe et musulman (AFEMAM)
Balibar Etienne, professeur, université Paris 10
Bandier Norbert, maître de Conférences, Université Lumière Lyon2
Barbier René, professeur, université Paris 8
Barumanzadeh Taghi, maître de conférences, université Pierre Mendès-france
(Grenoble II)
Bechman-Ferrand Dan, professeur, Université Paris 8
Bensaïd Daniel, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Berthier Patrick, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Beski Chahla, enseignant-chercheur, ADRI
Boucharlat Rémy, Directeur de recherche CNRS, Lyon
Boumard Patrick, professeur, Université Rennes II
Bourdieu Pierre, professeur, Collège de France
Bressat Alain, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Brossart Alain, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Broué Michel, Professeur à l'Université Paris 7 Denis-Diderot
Castel Robert, directeur d'études, EHESS
Chacon Louis, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Chacon Marie A., maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Chanson-Jabeur Chantal, Directeur Adjoint du Laboratoire SEDET, CNRS/
Université Paris 7
Chappaz Georges, maître de Conférences, Université de provence
Charlot Bernard, professeur, université Paris 8
Chérer René, professeur, université Paris 8
Cheiban Ali, maître de Conférences, Université Lumière Lyon2
Cherif Ali, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Colin Lucette, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Coulon Alain, professeur, Université Paris 8
Cours-Salies P., professeur, université Paris 8
Courtils des Jacques, Professeur à l'Université de Bordeaux III
Denoix Sylvie, CNRS, Aix-en-Provence
Debeauvais Michel, professeur émérite, Université de Paris 8
Douaiccer Stéphane, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Dufer Marie-Christine, IE-CNRS
Ennaffa Ridha, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Fabre Renaud, président de l'université Paris 8
Fashahi Mohammed Reza, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Fatemi Shaheen, professeur, American University of Paris
Fritsch Philippe, Professeur, Universite Lyon2/Lumiere
Gaspar François, maître de conférences, EHESS
Ghiglione R., vice président, université Paris 8
Gole Nilufer, enseignat-chercheur, EHESS
Gonzalez-Quijano Yves, Maître de conférences, Université Lyon II
Grandmaison Olivier, maître de conférences, sciences politiques-Evry
Grekos Georges, maitre de Conferences, Universite de Saint-Etienne.
Groossens Daniel, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Grusson Pascale, CR. CNRS
Hess Remi, professeur, université Paris 8
Hubschman Jacques, Professeur, Université de Toulouse- Le Mirail/CNRS
Idjadi Djalal, enseignant, université Paris XIII
Jaillet Alain, maître de conférences, Université Louis Pasteur Strasbourg
Jenvrin Jean-Emile, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Khavand Fereydoun, maître de conférences, université Paris 5
Khosrokhavar Farhad, maître de conférence à EHESS
Kian Azadeh, CNRS, Paris
Lapassade Georges, professeur, université Paris 8
Lapeyronnie Dedier, professeur, EHESS,
Leconte J., AI, EHESS
Legrand Jean Louis, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Lepage Daniel, vice président de l'université Paris 8
Levead , professeur, sciences politiques Paris
Lourau René, professeur, université Paris 8
Longuenesse Beatrice , Professeur, CNRS-Princeton University
Longuenesse Elisabeth, CNRS, Lyon
Manoochehri Ehsan, enseignant, université Paris 8
Mansoor Hassan, professeur, American University of Paris
Mermier Franck , CNRS, Lyon
Mehl Dominique, directeur de recherche CNRS
Memat J, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Meurrier Christine, CNRS
Meyer Nicole, directeur de la formation permanente, université Paris 8
Mogoutov Andrei, Chercheur - ALRS,
Mostafavi Mehran, Professor, Université Paris Sud
Paivandi Saeed , maître de conférences, université Paris 8
PetitotJean, Directeur de l'Equipe d'Epistémologie Cognitive et du
Séminaire d'Epistémologie des Mathématiques, EHESS
Peroni, Michel , maitre de Conference de Sociologie/Universite Lyon2-lumiere
Rada Ivekovié, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Rahnema Ali, Professeur, American University of Paris
Rancière Jacques, professeur, université Paris 8
Rochex J. Y., maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Saintourens Michel, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Saleh Imad, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Sauvageot Claude, chercheur-enseignant, UNESCO, MEN
Scherer René, professeur, université Paris 8
Stavroula Bellos, maître de conférences, université Paris 8
Tcharkhtchi Abass, Professeur à l'ENSAM (Ecole Nationale Supériaure d'Arts
et Métiers)
Touraine Alain, professeur, EHESS
Traullet Claude, ACF, université Paris 8
Treff Isabelle , CNRS, Lyon
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Vidal Daniel, CNRS, EHESS
Vincent Jean Marie, professeur, université Paris 8
von Bawey Peter Michael, professeur, American University of Paris
Wievlorka Michel, directeur d'études, EHESS
Zakhartchouk Jean Michel, IUFM Paris

S. Paivandi
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Date: Fri, 5 Feb 1999 20:32:50 -0600
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: NY Times of 2/05/99 Article About Iran....

Friday, February 5, 1999
The New York Times

Uphill Battle in Iran: Trying to Keep '79 Revolution Alive


TEHERAN, Iran -- These are the "days of dawn," the 10 heady days that
brought Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini back from exile, saw the collapse of
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's regime and are celebrated this week across Iran in
observance of the 20th anniversary of the Islamic revolution.

Again and again, state television has replayed grainy footage of Ayatollah
Khomeini's arrival from France, as he is escorted step by step down the
of an Air France jet. Again and again, reverent tales are retold, like a
children's story in which the ayatollah was introduced as "the good imam who
rid Iran of the evil shah."

Despite the ingrained lessons of the revolution, a teen-age girl asked
Ayatollah Khomeini's successor in a televised meeting the other day, "Why
the Islamic revolution take place?"

The question reflects a widening gap between Iranians and the defining event
of their country's recent past. More than half of Iran's 68 million people
have been born since the events that toppled a king and stunned the world;
millions more are barely old enough to remember them.

And the young are not the only ones asking questions. The revolution that
put power into the hands of Shiite Muslim clerics enjoyed broad popular
support at the time. But today, disillusioned by a generation of experience
and emboldened by new political ferment, millions of Iranians from all walks
of life now feel cut adrift, regarding the revolution as no longer relevant
today's problems.

In scores of interviews around Iran in the last two months, those were
sentiments voiced by clerks, cleaners, farmers, professionals and others in
big cities like Teheran and rural areas in the farmland around the
northwestern city of Tabriz.

"We were like sheep, following others," one of them, Abil, a
60-year-old>farmer wearing striped trousers, a plaid jacket and a shabby
black felt hat,
recalled the revolution, which he once backed with enthusiasm. "Wherever the
shepherd led, we followed."

Sadiq Zibakallam, a political scientist who frequently delivers lectures
around the country, said he was encountering a similar sense of confusion.
"One of the most common questions that I come across is, 'Where are we
going?'" Zibakallam said. "That reflects the anxiety and helplessness that
many Iranians are going through."

Much Iranian discontent was channeled into the election of Mohammed Khatami,
the president who won a landslide victory two years ago over a candidate
supported by the ruling clerical establishment. Khatami, who has pressed for
greater social and political openness, is seen by some Iranians as someone
might lead the country into what might be truly called a post-revolutionary

But Khatami remains part of that establishment, as signified by the black
clerical turban without which he almost certainly would not have been
And even he has expressed concern that Iranians might be tempted to turn
from the past and to discard cornerstones just 20 years old.

"Poisonous winds are blowing inside and outside the country," Khatami warned
in one anniversary address the other day, "and enemies are attempting to
separate you from the Islamic Revolution and the system."

The president did not elaborate. But in recent months, Iran has appeared
increasingly troubled, as the murders of dissident writers were revealed to
have been carried out by rogue intelligence agents, prompting public
that in turn met with violence from unpoliced thugs.

Even though two decades have passed, it is images of the revolution that
still dominate Teheran, where the picture of Ayatollah Khomeini, who died in
1989, glowers down from countless buildings and office walls.

And the very structure of the government, headed by a supreme religious
leader, now Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who is regarded as God's representative
earth, is a product of the revolution that created the world's first Islamic

Still, Iranian officials readily concede that young Iranians in particular
appear to have little idea of what the revolution was about and that keeping
memories alive is much of what the anniversary celebration is about.

In the kickoff to a frenzy of nationwide ceremonies, the exact moment that
Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Iran, on Feb. 1, 1979, was marked 20 years to
the moment later, at 9:33 a.m. on Monday, as school bells and train whistles
were sounded across Iran.

A helicopter on the outskirts of the capital later showered flowers on the
graves of thousands of people killed in what the ayatollah, during 15 years
exile in France, made a popular cause: toppling the American-backed shah.

The shah's regime finally fell on Feb. 11, 1979, after days of street
battles, and the celebration is to reach its peak that day in a mass rally
military parade. In the meantime, film, music and theater festivals are
way, as is an exhibition showcasing the country's achievements since 1979,
under banners like one that read: "The 10 days of dawn gave our nation the
sweet fruit of victory."

To questions about why the revolution took place, Ayatollah Khomenei and
others have pointed to corruption under the shah and to what they have
suggested was Iran's old place as an outpost of the United States.

Yet no mention is being made of the darker side of a revolution that others
remember with horror. More than 10,000 people, including some of Ayatollah
Khomeini's own aides, were executed in a wave of terror that followed his

Nor has mention been made of the economy's downward turn in the years that
followed the revolution, in a country where high oil prices and a much
population had created prosperity under the shah.

For years, Iranians had seemed willing to forgive hardships, on the grounds
that the revolution was not about economics. But in the conversations around
Iran this year, the state of the economy was a constant theme of the many
people who said that on the anniversary of the revolution, they saw little

"It's not only me," said Ali, a 37-year-old cleaner, who was interviewed as
he swept the stairs of an apartment complex on a chilly night in Teheran.
"Everybody gets angry. These clerics don't know what kind of problems we
They don't care, so how can they think of solving it? They don't even know
what's going on."

Mohammed, 39, a carpet weaver in northwest Iran, said, "We haven't had a
good meal in 20 years." He works at a loom in the two-room house he shares
with his wife and his elderly parents and says he can barely provide for

"I don't care about the revolution," he said. "The problem is we can't

Rogieh, 55, a mother of five who sat wrapped in a shapeless chador on the
floor of her family home in a nearby village, said, "We believe in God, but
did not accept Khomeini and his regime."

Residents who defended the revolution said they believed its critics were
holding it to the wrong standard. "I think the most important change was
independence, not being a colony," said Nasser Sarkhan, 29, a member of
volunteer paramilitary force, who are known as basijis.

Among those who expressed criticism of the government, few ordinary Iranians
would allow their names to be published, saying that they feared reprisals
from security forces. But some said they would allow their photographs to be
published, as long as the name of their village did not appear in print.

And many spoke with a boldness that is new to Iran in expressing not only
resentment toward the clerics, widely described as aloof and indifferent,
sometimes, even vague nostalgia for the days of the shah. "He was such a
gentleman; he stood so straight; he represented the glory of the country,"
murmured an official on duty this week at Saadabad in north Teheran, where
busloads of soldiers and schoolchildren were touring the grounds of the
old summer palace.

Such candor, voiced within earshot of a foreign reporter, would have been
unheard of here just a few years ago. But the election of Khatami has been
followed, in newspapers, by an opening of debate between his supporters and
those of his more conservative rivals, and this seems to have left ordinary
Iranians more forthcoming.

In the interviews, many volunteered their own stories of the last 20 years,
in which the trauma of an eight-year war with Iraq and the struggle to make
living formed the main chapters, not the revolution itself.

"In the beginning of the revolution, I supported them," said Seifollah, 55,
a farmer who grows carrots and turnips, as he sat on the floor beside his
wife, Rogieh. "But they made promises they didn't keep."

The couple showed visitors a family album that included photographs of their
eldest son, now 33, as a soldier during the war; they said he was forced
service at the age of 18 by Revolutionary Guards who pounded on their door
the dead of night.

Among dozens of people interviewed, in three cities and several villages,
only those with direct ties to the government, including the soldier, a
and a merchant who sells government goods, said they still identified with


End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 4 Feb 1999 to 5 Feb 1999