Date: Mar 3, 1999 [ 23: 3: 56]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 2 Mar 1999 to 3 Mar 1999 - Special issue

From: Automatic digest processor


Return-Path: <owner-DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
Delivered-To: farhad@ALGONET.SE
Received: (qmail 9603 invoked from network); 4 Mar 1999 08:04:13 +0100
Received: from simorgh.gpg.com (205.158.6.22)
by tomei.algonet.se with SMTP; 4 Mar 1999 08:04:13 +0100
Received: from simorgh (simorgh [205.158.6.22])
by simorgh.gpg.com (8.8.6/8.8.6) with ESMTP id XAA17741;
Wed, 3 Mar 1999 23:03:56 -0800 (PST)
Message-Id: <199903040703.XAA17741@simorgh.gpg.com>
Date: Wed, 3 Mar 1999 23:03:56 -0800
Reply-To: dni-disc@D-N-I.ORG
Sender: DNI news list <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
From: Automatic digest processor <D-N-I@D-N-I.ORG>
Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 2 Mar 1999 to 3 Mar 1999 - Special issue
To: Recipients of DNI-NEWS digests <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>

There are 16 messages totalling 1213 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Article by Kadivar
2. Elections: Tehran
3. judiciary to defend people's political rights
4. fm: elaheh hicks' visit to iran of personal nature
5. Sal tahvil 1378
6. Elaheh Hicks Visit to Iran of Personal Nature.
7. Iran's Municipal Elections A Success For Wemen
8. Iran Court Chief Says German's Case Over Soon.
9. Khatami Unlikely to Win Saudi Oil Compromise
10. Saudi Defence Minister to Visit Iran After Haj.
11. Press Digest - Iran March 3
12. World Court Should Hear Iran-UAE Dispute - Kuwait
13. FOCUS-Iran, Saudi See Need for OPEC Output Cut
14. Saudi Urges Iran to End UAE Row Over Islands
15. Latest Results of Council Elections in Tehran
16. Senior Iranian Police Chief Charged with Torture

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Wed, 3 Mar 1999 10:49:14 -0500
From: Mehran Sam <mehran_sam@HMS.HARVARD.EDU>
Subject: Article by Kadivar

---------- Forwarded message ----------
SALAM, 17 Aug 97 pp 6, 10

Article by Hojjatol-Eslam Mohsen Kadivar

The election on 2 Khordad 1376 is a turning point in the course of
developments in our country.

The majority of those eligible to vote participated in this election.
This trust of the majority of the society in Islamic regime marks a
great success and is worthy of pride. The second point is that, in this
election, a candidate was elected with the decisive vote of the people
who was not supported by the official assemblies and institutions, while

the candidate of the official institutions, who was publicized through
the Voice and Vision, Friday prayers, and in various meetings, was
another person. Despite the extensive volume of advertisement, the
candidate of this group was not even able to obtain one-fourth of the
votes. The third point is the very high number of votes for
Hojjatol-Eslam Seyyed Mohammad Khatami.

In voting for Khatami, the people voted positively for an idea, method,
and program and voted against another idea, program, and method. What is

important is for us to recognize these two movements, of which one was
strongly received by the people and the other was decisively opposed by
the people. In this election, ultimately, one movement won, and a group
that had come to the arena with all its might was defeated. Many
instructive points can be deduced from various angles regarding this
election.

In fact, the Islamic revolution, in its 19th year of establishment,
presented itself to the people with two movements within the regime. The

people said yes to one and no to the other. Both movements were in the
heart of the revolution from the beginning. But, gradually, the second
movement had eliminated the first one step-by-step and driven it to the
margins, to the point that in the past decade, especially after the war,

the arena of the government became the scene for the monopolistic
incursion of the second movement. Even though both these movements are
Muslim and revolutionary, despite those common points, they have serious

differences. What follows consists of 14 differences between these two
movements:

1. The first movement regards the spirituality as the center of
religion, and although it regards the religious jurisprudential laws and

regulations as necessary, it holds them as being in the service of the
essence of religion, which is spirituality. It believes that the Islamic

government must provide the grounds for the deepening and growth of
faith and free religious knowledge, whereas, the second movement, on the

whole, has a religious jurisprudential theological understanding of
religion, its attention is exclusively on the outward aspects of
religious law, and the survival or annihilation of the internal aspects
of religion are not of major concern to it. This movement believes that
religious jurisprudential rulings must be implemented at all costs and
under any conditions in the society and that the highest goal of the
establishment of a religious government consists of these rulings, even
by force, even if there is reluctance and lack of belief by some
uninformed followers. In fact, the second movement represents a sort of

superficial tendency and rigid appearances, whereas the first movement
represents religious thought in all its dimensions and does not see
religion as confined to religious jurisprudence.

2. The first movement strongly believes in the value of human wisdom and

human experience in regards to issues not expressed in the sacred texts
and believes that being religious will never prevent utilizing the
wisdom and experiences of other societies in politics, economics,
management, and culture, and that by careful preservation of religious
principles and precepts and native culture, we benefit from the gains of

others. Orderly use of human wisdom and experiences never confines
religion and religious observation. But, because the second movement,
under the pretext that religion has not left any question unanswered,
regards any use of human experiences in politics, economics, management,

and culture as falling into the trap of the West and its conspiracies,
it considers itself needless of these experiences, even though in
practice it regularly submits to the most distorted and worst solutions
that have repeatedly failed in other societies.

3. The first movement, along with recognizing divine duties and
instructions, believes that human rights are recognized in the totality
of the sacred book and traditions, and that the Islamic government is
obliged to observe divine duties and human rights. Hence, the members
of the society, besides being responsible before God, also have rights,
and the religious government is responsible and must be accountable
before these citizens who have rights. The religious government is the
representative of the citizens, with rights in the implementation of
general services. The government and the people are both responsible
before God in addition to being responsible before one another. The
second movement merely recognizes the people as having a duty, regards
the language of religion alone as the language of instruction, and
believes that there is nothing beyond religious instruction and duties.
Hence, the first movement practically defends the Islamic Republic. The
republic indicates the people's rights, and Islam indicates divine laws.

But the second movement is, in practice, the defender of Islamic
government (or the government of Islamic justice), in which (to put it
bluntly) republic and the rights of the people do not have an
independent position and its seeming acceptance is, at most, during the
transition to the Islamic government. Otherwise, republic, people's
satisfaction, and human rights have no place in this movement.

4. According to the first movement, the legitimacy of the government (a

legal and valid government) has two bases. One is observing divine
precepts, and the other gaining people's satisfaction. A government that

lacks either of these two bases is a government that lacks validity and
legitimacy. According to the second movement, the legitimacy of the
government is only secured by divine appointment, and the people are
responsible and duty-bound to accept such a government. Hence, a
government that lacks the people's satisfaction and even forces the
people to reluctantly accept the religion and the trust is a legitimate
and valid government, whereas, according to the first movement, pious
dictatorship is not a religious government. Even if the above-mentioned
autocracy results in the spread of the outward manifestations of
religious law, it depletes the essence of religion. According to the
second movement, consideration for the votes of the people is a matter
of appearances and ceremony to silence the enemy. Otherwise, it lacks
any genuineness.

5. In the first movement, the law, particularly the Constitution, is the

foundation of the social order. The Constitution establishes the
authority and duties of the government. This law is the proviso set
between the government and the nation during the signing of the
contract. As long as the government is faithful and within its legal
limitations, the people support it fervently. There is no interest
higher than that rule of the law, and no individual or institution is
above the law. Hence, the rule of the law is a central idea of the first

movement, and, therefore, the requirement for the first movement is to
accept the legal limitations on the power of the government. But in the
second movement, even though the law is obligatory for the people, it
does not have the necessary distinction in the operations of the
government. Rather, the will of the government and its expediencies are
above the law.

6. In the first movement, the people's oversight of all components of
the government from top to bottom is a principle. This oversight is
institutionalized in the law. All government officials, without
exception, are elected by the people and are under the supervision of
the deputies of the people. The president is under the supervision of
the Majles and accountable to it. The leader is also elected by the
Assembly of Experts and is accountable to it. But the second movement in

practice believes that the head of the pyramid of political power is
only responsible before God and is not responsible before any human
institutions, including the Assembly of Experts. Rather, it is the
people, the experts, and the Majles deputies who are responsible before
the leader.

7. In the first movement, the guardianship of the religious jurist means

that the religious jurist, within the religious qualifications elected
by the people, supervises the proper implementation of the affairs in
the country. The authority of the leader is bound by a framework set in
the Constitution and must be through legal channels. In the second
movement, the religious guardian is appointed by God and not elected by
the Experts. Rather, they only discover him. His orders and
prohibitions are beyond the law. He is not bound by the Constitution.
What is mentioned in the Constitution consists of affairs that no one
else but him has the right to carry out. Otherwise, the religious
guardian has the right to do what he thinks expedient, whether or not
stated in the law. The legitimacy of all the foundations of the regime,
including the Majles, the president, the Assembly of Experts, and even
the Constitution, ceases with his confirmation and appointment. The
second movement believes that this interpretation of religious
jurisprudence is the only permissible and expressed interpretation of
Shi'ite religious jurisprudence.

8. In the first movement, "civil society" is officially recognized.
What is meant by civil society is the free and autonomous form of the
citizens in the institutions, guilds, parties, and societies without the

interference of the government and independent of the government.
Obviously, in a society in which Muslims make up the majority, civil
society is bound by and obliged to observe Islamic regulations and
goals. But the desired society in the second movement is a "guardianship

society." In a guardianship society, melting into guardianship is the
main slogan and goal. In such a society, no idea, no behavior, and no
attitude is acceptable but the idea, behavior, and attitude of the
religious guardian, and all Muslims are responsible to make their ideas,

behavior, and attitudes compatible and harmonious with the ideas,
behavior, and attitude of the religious guardian. In the first movement,

the strength of government depends on the establishment of the civil
society, and the power of government increases with the power of the
civil society. Religious duties, such as advice to the imams of the
Muslims, instruction to do good and prevent prohibited acts, guidance,
and constant supervision deepen and become richer with the establishment

of the civil society. But the second movement rejects civil society.
The second movement wants a "mass society," in which the people float
like an atom.

9. In the first movement, thought, culture, and art have a special
place. Human dignity and the growth and development of the society
depend on the creation of a climate of cultural dialogue and discussion.

Hence, pluralism and differences of ideas are accepted in the society,
and the exchange of ideas and dialogue between cultures is the
acceptable method, with moderation and tolerance. Violence, the use of
illegal tools, and coercion in intellectual and cultural issues are
condemned. Cliches in ideas and art and prefabricated culture neither
help the perfection of religion nor result in the growth of citizens. On

the other hand, the second movement believes in monologues and
unilateral discourse of the government to the people, not dialogue and
bilateral conversation, and thinks that the arenas of ideas, culture,
and art must be completely under the control of the government, and only

those cultural products that are compatible with the scales of the
government are allowed to spread in the society. Otherwise, the
appearance of the Islamic society will be the arena for "Western
cultural invasion," and Islamic culture will be eradicated from the
society. Freedom is essentially a Western product, and the religious
society is never compatible with liberalism. The first movement regards
this outlook as narrow-minded and a failure to understand the lofty
dimensions of Islam and believes Islam only blossoms and crystallizes in

freedom, and that freedom differs from uncontrolled behavior.

10. In the first movement, women are half the society, and by preserving

the Islamic precepts can create their place in the society. Virtue and
veiling, that are among the unchangeable Islamic precepts, will never
prevent women from education, work, social participation, and assuming
high-level political responsibilities. But, the second movement,
despite verbal praise, in practice considers the woman as a second-class

creature. Her participation is accepted at a ceremonial level for show
and to silence the enemies of Islam. In practice, a violent and
inflexible interpretation of just Islamic precepts is displayed, to the
extent that in practice it negates the social rights of women.

11. In the first movement, by recognizing art, recreation, and sports,
while observing religious precepts in practice, the young people are
valued. Young people feel that they themselves are partners in the fate
of their society and are not being toyed with. But, in the second
movement, in practice, the young people and their feelings and
tendencies are not recognized.

12. In the first movement, religion is not a tool for justifying the
actions of the government; the government that serves the people, stems
from the people, is responsible before the people, and is under their
supervision. Religious precepts are the criteria for evaluating the
general operations of the government. But, in the second movement, we
face a "government religion." Religious institutions, sacred beliefs,
and observances all serve to justify the policies and actions of the
government officials. The height of this idea was seen by the people in
the official campaign of one of the candidates in the election, in the
statements of the Friday and congregational imams, religious and
official campaign organizations, the Voice and Vision, etc. The fact
that a group of interpreters of the Koran, teachers of ethics,
professors of philosophy, instructors of religious jurisprudence and
principles, and the seminary and clerical institutions, who, at
precarious times, must be the refuge of the people, completely
squandered their reputations and credibility on a particular
presidential candidate is an example of squandering religion on mundane
political issues and reduces religious scholars from the high level of
supervision and guidance to the low level of a political rival. In the
second movement, people feel that religion is nothing more than a tool,
in the same way that the people are also a tool. But, in the first
movement, religion has a lofty purpose (and is not a tool for
justification) and the people are the benefactors (not subjects with
the exclusive duty of obedience).

13. The first movement believes in social justice as an Islamic
principle, regards it beyond uttered speeches, and believes that the
implementation of social justice requires expert programs and solutions,

and that, not only will justice not be established through fiery and
uncalculated slogans, circular letters, and sermons, but economic
security will be eradicated from the society and pressure placed on the
shoulders of the downtrodden class. What is important is for the
deputies of the people to pay closer attention to expert work and, in
their ratifications, always keep in mind that justice is achieved
through planning and expert work, not through talk, sermons, and
slogans.

14. What has been pointed out will suffice to understand these two
movements, even though there are many other points that can be
discussed. It goes without saying that those who believe in either
movement make up various spectra, and often in regards to the points
mentioned, various spectra of each movement may vary in strength and
weakness. But on the whole, the above picture is not unrealistic.
Reflection on the trends of our revolutionary society indicates that the

first movement has gradually been weakened and the second movement has
imposed itself on the politics, economy, culture, and administration of
the society. The second movement, in order to complete its monopoly,
needed to occupy the presidential seat and entered the arena with all
its might. But the people, with their decisive majority, voted against
the second movement. The 2 Khordad (23 May) vote was a vote for
spirituality, belief in the self, adherence to law, freedom, and civil
society. The 2 Khordad vote was a negative response and a rejection of
government religion, superficial tendencies, violence,
anti-intellectualism, autocracy, and mass society. In Khatami, the
people found a person who does not support the second movement, and from

among the candidates that had received permission to be active through
the filter of the Council of Guardians, they found him to be the only
person who was comparable to the first movement.

Khatami's programs are based on, and compatible with, the first
movement. The vote for Khatami is the request of the majority of the
people for serious changes on the basis of the first movement. The vote
for Khatami is a reminder to the managers of the second movement that
their time is up, and that the people do not like their general modus
operandi. If, as the great architect of the Islamic Republic, Imam
Khomeyni, said, "The measure is the vote of the people," we should
believe that they chose Khatami on the basis of the standards of the
first movement. The high-ranking officials of the regime who ultimately

accepted the choice of the people and respected the vote of the public
must be thanked for acknowledging the vote of the people and
trustworthiness.

Thank God, we have passed through the first alley of religious
democracy, despite all its hardship. But, and a thousand buts, even
though the entry of Khatami into the political arena of Iran is very
encouraging, it should not be thought that problems will be solved
rapidly, because many of the leverages of power are still at the
disposal of the believers in the second movement, and the Cabinet and
programs of Khatami will in practice face many limitations. Lack of
political parties and the culture of party activity, despite the fact
that we have a parliament, and the active presence of the conspicuous
and inconspicuous pressure groups are among the important problems in
the arena of our politics.

It is hoped that, as in the past, Khatami will sincerely, frankly, and
wisely discuss his problems with the people, try to remain faithful to
the precepts and programs that are the contract between him and the
nation, and not withdraw from them. In this case, those who believe in
the first movement will be his supporters and allies in the heavy
responsibility of the presidency. The statements of Khatami on 12 and 13

Khordad (2, 3 June), during the confirmation and swearing-in ceremonies,

were a sapling of hope that the "responsive government" has determined
to act on Ali's quotes, precepts and standards, God willing.




=============================
Extraterrestrials created life on Earth!

http://www.rael.org

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 3 Mar 1999 10:50:29 -0500
From: Mehran Sam <mehran_sam@HMS.HARVARD.EDU>
Subject: Elections: Tehran

elections-tehran
latest islamic council election results in tehran
tehran, march 2, irna -- election headquarters announced tuesday nigh
that 393,965 ballots have been counted for the islamic council
elections in tehran city.
the names of the candidates who have received the majority of
votes as of 21:00 hours local time are as follows:
abdollah nouri 118,191 votes
saeed hajarian kashani 72,697
jamileh kadivar 71,021
mohammad ebrahim asgharzadeh 65,805
fatemeh jalaiepour 65,580
mohammad atrianfar 60,981
ahmad hakimipour 57,541
mohammad hossein doroodian 52,393
gholamreza forouzesh 49,386
alizadeh tabatabaie 49,280
morteza lotfi 43,803
mohammad gharazi 42,911
rahmatollah khosravi 42,323
hassan abedini 41,080
yahya al-e eshaq 40,373
sediqeh vasmaqi 39,942
mansour razavi 39,557
abbass douzdouzani 39,595
davood soleymani 36,231
mohammad-kazem sayfian 36,162
mahmoud ahamdnejad 36,100

irna 02/03/99 22:23

=============================
Extraterrestrials created life on Earth!

http://www.rael.org

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 3 Mar 1999 17:25:59 -0000
From: Arash Alavi <arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM>
Subject: judiciary to defend people's political rights

tehran, march 2, irna -- head of the judiciary
ayatollah mohammad yazdi monday announced full
preparedness of the judiciary system to defend
the rights of the public, including their
political rights.

ayatollah yazdi made the remark in a meeting with
members of the islamic human rights commission
who have been assigned to sketch out a
comprehensive plan to define political offence
and the procedures to deal with it.

islam has thaught its followers to practice
maximum capacity of tolerance, yazdi said, adding
that the islamic republic of iran has so far
trodden the same path and will follow suit in
future.

also speaking at the meeting, secretary of the
commission mohammad hassan ziaiefar outlined the
features of the 29-point plan which is being
compiled by the commission.

he said the plan defines political offence and
how to deal with it, the process for the
assignment of the jury, areas where leniency can
be shown towards political offenders and the
procedure for carrying out punishment.

ziaiefar said that in view of the team who have
compiled the plan, political offence is the
practice or failure to practise - under certain
conditions - of an act which is considered an
offence by law.

he expressed hope that with the support of the
judiciary system and the government, and with the
help of legal experts, grounds will be prepared
for the approval of a comprehensive law by the
islamic consultative assembly (majlis) in an
effort to enable political activists to enjoy the
required legal support.





-----== Sent via Deja News, The Discussion Network ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Easy access to 50,000+ discussion forums

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 3 Mar 1999 17:28:30 -0000
From: Arash Alavi <arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM>
Subject: fm: elaheh hicks' visit to iran of personal nature

tehran, march 2, irna -- an informed source at
foreign ministry on tuesday dismissed as baseless
claims of elaheh hicks, adding that her visit to
iran was personal.

the source added that for that reason, no
official meetings was accorded to her.

hicks has claimed in an interview with one of
iranian dailies that she represents the
organization 'human rights watch', further
expressing regret that she has not been able to
meet with any iranian officials.





-----== Sent via Deja News, The Discussion Network ==-----
http://www.dejanews.com/ Easy access to 50,000+ discussion forums

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 3 Mar 1999 20:11:25 +0100
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad.abdolian@RSA.ERICSSON.SE>
Subject: Sal tahvil 1378

Hello everyone,
For those of you who are planning to celebrate Norooz, here is the exact
date and time of the "saal-tahvil" for this year:

NoRooz 1378 begins at 4:46:29 AM Tehran time on Sunday March 21, 1999
NoRooz 1378 begins at 2:16:29 AM CET time on Sunday March 21, 1999
NoRooz 1378 begins at 20:46:29 New York time on Saturday March 20, 1999
NoRooz 1378 begins at 19:46:29 Chicago time on Saturday March 20, 1999
NoRooz 1378 begins at 17:46:29 California time on SaturdayMarch 20, 1999

Let me be the first one to wish you all a happy new year and for our
country even bigger steps toward a free and democratic society and
hopefully, we get rid of the first I in the name of the government (IRI) in
our country.

Shaad bashid,
bA ehterAm,
Farhad A.

#=======================================================#
# Farhad Abdolian, farhad.abdolian@rsa.ericsson.se #
# HW Design Engineer @ Ericsson Radio Access AB #
# Dept. B/UF, Box 11, S-164 93 Stockholm, Sweden #
# Phone +46-8-404 82 91 Fax: +1-(815)361-1171 #
# PLEASE CHANGE E-MAIL ADDRESS TO: #
# farhad_abdolian@hotmail.com before March 31, 1999 #
#=======================================================#

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:20:06 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Elaheh Hicks Visit to Iran of Personal Nature.

Reported by IRNA
================

thr 054
human rights-hicks
fm: elaheh hicks' visit to iran of personal nature
tehran, march 2, irna -- an informed source at foreign ministry
on tuesday dismissed as baseless claims of elaheh hicks, adding
that her visit to iran was personal.
the source added that for that reason, no official meetings was
accorded to her.
hicks has claimed in an interview with one of iranian dailies
that she represents the organization 'human rights watch', further
expressing regret that she has not been able to meet with any iranian
officials.
bg/mr
end
::irna 02/03/99 19:21

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:22:20 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran's Municipal Elections A Success For Wemen

Iran's municipal elections a resounding success for women
=========================================================


TEHRAN, March 2 (AFP) - Iranian women have put up a strong
showing in the country's first ever municipal elections, a trend
highlighted by the victory of reformist President Mohammad
Khatami's sister.
Fatemeh Khatami told AFP Tuesday she garnered 16,000 votes,
three times more than her closest rival, in the central desert
town of Ardakan, the home of the Khatami family, and where the
president was born.

"I considered that my age prevented me from undertaking such
activities, but the people encouraged me to stand," said the
61-year-old mother of six.

"I have always worked to propagate culture and religion, but now
we shall have to provide remedies for people's problems," she
said.

"It's still too early to say what we're going to do but what is
certain is that I want to be of service to the people," she
added.

Her election is a reflection in part of her brother's
popularity, and the respect in which the Khatami family is held
locally, but it is also symptomatic of the success of women
candidates throughout the country as shown in results so far
from Friday's poll.

The success of the women was particularly striking in that they
accounted for only were a small minority of candidates -- just
4,000 of the 300,000 hopefuls standing.

Preliminary figures indicate that two women won council seats in
the holy city of Qom, 130 kilometers (80 miles) south of Tehran.

Women did very well in the northern province of Gilan on the
Caspian where 25 women were elected out of the 37 standing in
various localities.

In Shiraz in the south, a woman standing as a reformist took
second place, while in Bahar, a large town in the western
province of Hamadan, women reformers came first, second and
third.

In Urumiyeh, capital of the Turkish frontier province of West
Azerbaijan, a women reformer is leading the poll.

The female vote contributed largely to Khatami's success in the
1997 presidential election, and the overall results of the
municipals so far shows that his backers reformists still have
the wind in their sails.

In Tehran, seen as the key battleground between reformers and
conservatives Khatami supporters are set to win at least 12 out
of the capital's 15 seats.

Abdollah Nuri, a former interior minister impeached by the
conservative parliament last year after allowing pro-Khatami
demonstrations which led to clashes with hardliners, is leading
the count.

Apart from Nuri, four other top aides of the president were also
well ahead -- including a woman, Jamileh Kadivar, wife of
Culture Minister Ataollah Mohajerani.

And in counts in the provinces, reformers appeared well-placed
in all of the three-quarters of councils which had published
some results by Monday, giving them a solid power base from
which to challenge the conservatives' domination of parliament
in general elections next spring.

In a speech to a women's university in Tehran Tuesday Khatami
spoke once again in favour of "equality of rights between men
and women," and said women should be evaluated in their public
and professional life "in accordance with their qualities,
regardless of their sex."

Iran already has 13 women members of parliament, and one women
vice-president, Massumeh Ebtekar.

However, the selection bodies which have to vet candidates have
always turned down women standing for the presidential election
or for the Council of Experts, which appoints the country's
supreme spiritual leader.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:23:40 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran Court Chief Says German's Case Over Soon.

Iran court chief says German's case over soon
=============================================


05:49 a.m. Mar 03, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, March 3 (Reuters) - The head of Iran's judiciary said on
Wednesday that the case of German businessman Helmut Hofer,
imprisoned for allegedly having sex with an Iranian Moslem
woman, would be resolved soon.

Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi told a news conference that the case,
which has hampered once close commercial and political ties
between Germany and Iran, might be completed in less than two
months.

``I think it might take one or one-and-a-half months, not more
than two months,'' said Yazdi, speaking through an interpreter.

He said he had discussed the matter with the German ambassador
to Tehran and he pledged that German embassy officials would be
able to observe the latest phase of Hofer's case.

Iran's supreme court last month overturned a death sentence
against Hofer for illicit sex with an Iranian woman and ordered
a retrial.

The businessman was sentenced to death last year after being
found guilty of having sex with a 27-year-old unmarried medical
student. The ruling had been upheld by an appeals court in
October.

Under Iranian law, a non-Moslem man can face execution if found
guilty of having sex out of wedlock with a Moslem woman. The
woman was sentenced to 99 lashes, a ruling also on appeal.

Hofer, born in 1941, has said he converted to Islam some years
ago when he married a Turkish national. He is now divorced.

Bonn has made it clear that ties would worsen considerably
should Tehran execute Hofer. Relations improved after a 1997 row
sparked by a German court ruling that Iranian leaders had
ordered the 1992 killings of Kurdish dissidents in Berlin. Iran
denied the charges.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:24:52 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Khatami Unlikely to Win Saudi Oil Compromise

Khatami unlikely to win Saudi oil compromise-Iran MP
====================================================


04:19 a.m. Mar 03, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, March 3 (Reuters) - An Iranian parliamentarian said he
doubted Iran could reach a compromise with Saudi Arabia on ways
to boost oil prices during President Mohammad Khatami's upcoming
visit to the kingdom, a newspaper said on Wednesday.

Morteza Zaringol, the chairman of the parliament's oil
commission, accused Riyadh of ``intentionally hurting the
economies of several oil-producing countries, including Iran, by
keeping production high.''

``I don't think President Khatami's visit would result in
significant changes in Saudi Arabia's oil policy, or lead to an
increase to oil prices,'' he told the English-language daily
Iran News.

``If Saudi Arabia wanted to reduce its OPEC quota, it would have
done so already,'' the MP added, referring to the Organisation
of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.

OPEC is hampered by bickering over compliance with oil
production cuts agreed last year to rescue prices.

Saudi Arabia has repeatedly called for full compliance with the
supply curbs.

Iran insists OPEC should recognise its right to cut supply from
3.925 million barrels per day rather than the 3.623 million bpd
used as a baseline last March when OPEC first decided to reduce
supply.

Khatami was expected to travel to Saudi Arabia later this month
to discuss the sensitive issue of the baseline from which Iran
cuts its oil output under the output cut pact.

Oil traders are closely watching for news of Khatami's arrival
date in Saudi Arabia.

If he arrives before a crucial March 23 OPEC ministerial meeting
in Vienna, oil markets are hoping that his talks with the Saudi
leadership could lead to a breakthrough on the baseline issue.

Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi met senior Saudi
officials in Riyadh on Tuesday. His discussions had been
expected to include the depressed world oil market.

Iran News quoted the MP as saying that Khatami would go to Saudi
Arabia as early as next week.

But there has been no official announcement of Khatami's travel
plans and Iranian officials had said the trip would come in the
second half of March.


((Tehran newsroom +9821 229 4856))

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:25:50 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Saudi Defence Minister to Visit Iran After Haj.

Saudi defence minister to visit Iran after haj
==============================================

04:47 a.m. Mar 03, 1999 Eastern
RIYADH, March 3 (Reuters) - Saudi Defence Minister Prince Sultan
has said he plans to visit Iran after the haj pilgrimage, which
reaches a climax at the end of March.

The official Saudi Press Agency (SPA) quoted Prince Sultan on
Tuesday responding to a question about his forthcoming trip to
Iran saying that ``the visit will be after the haj season, God
willing.'' He did not give a date.

He also suggested that Iran's President Mohammad Khatami would
visit Saudi Arabia during the annual pilgrimage. He gave not
details.

Iranian officials have said Khatami would visit the kingdom in
the second half of March, and would discuss the sensitive issue
of the baseline from which Iran cuts its oil production under an
OPEC pact to rescue depressed oil prices.

Sultan was speaking after a meeting with Iran's Foreign Minister
Kamal Kharrazi, who is currently visiting Saudi Arabia.

Official visits between Iran and Saudi Arabia have increased in
recent months as ties between the two traditional Gulf rivals
have improved since the election of the relatively moderate
Khatami.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:27:02 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Press Digest - Iran March 3

PRESS DIGEST - Iran - March 3
=============================

06:57 a.m. Mar 03, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, March 3 (Reuters) - These are some of the leading
stories in Iranian newspapers on Wednesday. Reuters has not
verified these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.

AKHBAR

- Kuwait's crown prince and prime minister is expected in Tehran
on Saturday for three days of talks with Iranian officials
including President Mohammad Khatami and Vice-President Hassan
Habibi.

SALAM

- Ayatollah Abdolkarim Mousavi-Ardebili and Ayatollah Yousef
Sanei deplored the arrest of a moderate cleric Mohsen Kadivar,
on charges including slander and subversion. A student group is
organising gatherings in several cities next week to protest his
arrest by a special court for Iran's Shi'ite Moslem clergy.

- Interior Minister Abdolvahed Mousavi-Lari said Tehran's severe
traffic problems should be resolved soon, following discussions
between traffic police and the ministry to ensure greater
cooperation.

KAR VA KARGAR

- Vice-President Habibi said at the close of the Dhaka summit of
D-8 states, a group of eight developing Moslem countries, that
economic globalisaton is unacceptable if it hampers development
in poorer countries and leads to their exploitation.

IRAN

- President Khatami will travel to the central city of Yazd on
Thursday where he is due to inaugurate a number of industrial,
mining and railway projects.

HAMSHAHRI

- Iran's non-oil exports ampunted to $2.7 billion in first
11-months of the Iranian year which started on March 21, down
four percent year on year, the customs announced. The exports
included $524 million worth of carpets and $398 million of
chemical products.

ARYA

- A representative of supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei in
the northern provincial universities denounced intellectuals as
people who ``talk too much.'' Khamenei's personal
representatives in state and academic bodies ensure Islamic
rules are respected there.

IRAN DAILY

- Visiting Australian Trade Minister Tim Fischer said strong
legal guarantees for foreign investment in Iran were the best
way to improve the balance of bilateral trade, currently in
Australia's favour.

JAHAN-E EQTESAD

- Iran is to hold its first gathering of advertising firms in
mid-March. The industry, regulated in accordance with Islamic
rules, has expanded and diversified in the past five years.


((Tehran newsroom +9821 229 4856))

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:28:10 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: World Court Should Hear Iran-UAE Dispute - Kuwait

World Court should hear Iran-UAE dispute - Kuwait
=================================================

09:49 a.m. Mar 03, 1999 Eastern
By Ashraf Fouad

KUWAIT, March 3 (Reuters) - Kuwait told Iran on Wednesday that a
growing dispute with the United Arab Emirates over three Gulf
islands was not in its interests and called on the two sides to
refer the issue to the World Court.

``If there is no agreement for direct talks, then there is the
International Court of Justice...and I hope that this issue is
sent to the court...,'' Foreign Minister Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad
al-Sabah told reporters.

Iran claims sovereignty over the islands and has refused UAE
calls for international arbitration.

The UAE, increasingly concerned over Iran's moves on the islands
and gradual improvement in ties between Iran and some of Abu
Dhabi's key regional allies, has called for emergency Gulf Arab
ministerial talks in Abu Dhabi.

The meeting was delayed until Thursday, when Gulf Cooperation
Council (GCC) foreign ministers are due to discuss Iranian
military exercises near the islands, which are close to key oil
shipping lanes in the Gulf waterway.

Sheikh Sabah expressed hope that the World Court in The Hague
would resolve the dispute, ``which is not in the interest of
Iran and does not benefit the region.''

He added that ``we always hope for stability'' in an area that
controls more than half the world's proven oil reserves.

Kuwait, the target of Iranian attacks during the 1980-88
Iran-Iraq war, has improved ties with Iran since the 1991 Gulf
War ended Iraq's occupation of Kuwait.

In recent weeks both sides have exchanged visits ahead of an
official trip to Iran on Saturday by Kuwaiti Crown Prince and
Prime Minister Sheikh Saad al-Abdulla al-Sabah.

The Kuwaiti foreign minister said the Abu Dhabi meeting would
concentrate on Iranian military exercises in the Gulf ``close to
the (three) UAE islands...and the brothers in the UAE will
present information concerning that.''

The six-nation GCC has urged Iran to accept Abu Dhabi's offer to
hold talks to end the dispute over the islands, which GCC
members say are ``occupied'' by Iran.

The UAE heads the GCC, which includes Saudi Arabia, Kuwait,
Qatar, Bahrain and Oman.

The UAE gave no reason for the postponement of the GCC foreign
ministers' meeting, but regional sources told Reuters that at
least one member had not responded to the request in time and
some ministers were busy at home with visiting counterparts.

These included a visit to Saudi Arabia by Iran's Foreign
Minister Kamal Kharrazi.

The official UAE news agency WAM said: ``During the meeting, the
(GCC) will discuss the Iranian violations and the military
exercises which Iran is holding in the UAE's territorial
waters.''

Iran's navy began nine days of war games on Saturday near the
Gulf island of Abu Musa close to the Greater and Lesser Tunb
islands. The three islands are claimed by both Iran and the UAE
but controlled by Iran.

An Iranian navy spokesman said the air force would join the
exercises.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:29:28 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: FOCUS-Iran, Saudi See Need for OPEC Output Cut

FOCUS-Iran, Saudi see need for OPEC output cut-IRNA
===================================================


10:45 a.m. Mar 03, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, March 3 (Reuters) - Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal
Kharrazi and Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah stressed in talks in
Saudi Arabia on Tuesday the need for OPEC oil production cuts,
the official Iranian news agency IRNA said on Wednesday.

``The two sides at the meeting stressed the need for reducing
production of oil by OPEC members and called on the non-OPEC oil
producers to help raise the oil prices,'' IRNA said.

The comments came at a critical time for OPEC, a once powerful
cartel which is hard pressed to uplift the depressed world oil
market.

Oil ties between Saudi Arabia and Iran have been strained over
the sensitive issue of how much volume Iran is obliged to cut
under an OPEC pact to rescue collapsed prices.

Resolving the issue could pave the way for the cartel to impose
new oil production cuts at a crucial March 23 ministerial
meeting in Vienna.

IRNA said Kharrazi also met Saudi King Fahd. ``In his meeting
with Kharrazi, King Fahd called for expansion of Tehran-Riyadh
cooperation, including on the issue of oil.''

The Iranian foreign minister in his two-hour talks with Crown
Prince Abdullah ``called for a collective measure to boost
prices of oil especially in light of Iraq's return to the oil
market,'' IRNA said.

The Iranian-Saudi call for the need for output cuts was one the
most positive statements to emerge yet from months of
discussions between the two sides aimed at aligning views on
ways of tackling the grim oil market situation.

But there were apparently no concrete signs that the two
traditional Gulf and OPEC rivals were close to a deal.

The talks capped several meetings between Iranian and Saudi
officials in the kingdom on oil prices.

Earlier on Wednesday, IRNA reported that Iran's ambassador to
Riyadh, Mohammad Reza Nouri, expressed in discussions with Saudi
Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi on Wednesday ``Iran's readiness to
lower oil production to achieve the desired results.''

The Saudi oil minister ``expressed his country's readiness to
negotiate on the issue and further called on the producing
countries to abide by the signed agreements.''

Saudi Arabia has repeatedly called on OPEC members to abide by
two rounds of oil production cuts last year that have proven
fruitless.

In his talks with Nouri, Naimi stressed the need for cooperation
between OPEC and non-OPEC producers as ``vital to achieving
higher oil prices,'' IRNA said.

In the Omani capital Muscat, Saudi Foreign Minister Saud
al-Faisal told reporters on Wednesday that Kharrazi's visit to
Saudi Arabia was aimed primarily at coordinating on oil prices.

``There is agreement in opinions between Saudi Arabia and Iran
that matters have deteriorated in the oil market and there is a
surplus in the market,'' he said.

He reiterated the Saudi call on OPEC countries ``to abide by
what it agrees on and dealing with the market should be
collectively between OPEC and producers from outside.''

In two rounds of talks between Kharrazi and the Saudi foreign
minister in Riyadh, the issue of Iraq's return to the oil market
was raised, IRNA said.

((Gulf newsroom, +971 4 607 1222, fax +9714 626982,
dubai.newsroom+reuters.com))


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:30:30 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Saudi Urges Iran to End UAE Row Over Islands

Saudi urges Iran to end UAE row over islands
============================================


10:12 a.m. Mar 03, 1999 Eastern
MUSCAT, March 3 (Reuters) - Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister
Prince Saud al-Faisal said on Wednesday he had told his Iranian
counterpart that Tehran should negotiate with the United Arab
Emirates (UAE) to end a row over three Gulf islands.

Prince Saud, talking to reporters in Oman where he arrived on a
one-day visit, said he discussed the row in talks in Saudi
Arabia on Tuesday with Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi.

``We expressed to him our hope that Iran would deal with the
island issue directly with the United Arab Emirates,'' he said.
``The Iranian foreign minister expressed his country's desire to
settle issues peacefully and we await the deeds.''

Prince Saud said Saudi Arabia -- the most powerful among Gulf
Arab states -- hoped for special relations with Iran without
provocations and wanted Iran to negotiate with the UAE to settle
the dispute -- a thorny issue in Iran's relations with its Arab
neighbours.

``There is no problem that does not have a solution if
intentions are good,'' Prince Saud said.

The UAE has called for an emergency meeting with its Gulf Arab
allies -- Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman and Bahrain -- in
Abu Dhabi on Thursday to discuss Iranian military exercises near
the three disputed islands.

``During the meeting, the council will discuss the Iranian
violations and the military exercises which Iran is holding in
the UAE's territorial waters,'' the official UAE news agency WAM
rported on Tuesday.

Iran's navy began nine-day-long war games on Saturday near the
island of Abu Musa close to the Greater and Lesser Tunb islands.

The three islands are claimed by both Iran and the UAE but
controlled by Iran.

Iran's relations with its Gulf Arab neighbours have improved
since moderate President Mohammad Khatami came to power nearly
two years ago, but the dispute over the islands, located near
strategic shipping lanes in the Gulf, continues to block full
normalisation of relations.

Iran claims sovereignty over the islands and has refused UAE
calls to take the dispute to international arbitration.

The UAE recently complained to the United Nations about Iran's
opening of a town hall on Abu Musa and the Arab League has
criticised Iran's military manoeuvres near the islands.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:31:42 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Latest Results of Council Elections in Tehran

Reported By IRNA
================


thr 054
tehran-elections-result
latest result of council elections in tehran
tehran, march 3, irna -- a total of 522,540 votes have been counted
in tehran by 19:00 hours local time wednesday.
according to reports from the main elections headquarters in
tehran, the names of 21 candidates who have the majority of votes at
councils elections are as follows:
1-abdollah nouri 187,687 votes
2-saeed hajjarian 118,531
3-jamileh kadivar 115,652
4-fatemeh jalaipour 107,827
5-mohammad ebrahim asgharzadeh 107,743
6-mohammad atrianfar 99,938
7-ahmad hakimipour 94,071
8-mohammad hossein doroodian 86,279
9-seyyed mahmoud alizadeh tabatabaie 80,751
10-gholamreza forouzesh 74,533
11-morteza lotfi 70,249
12-rahmatollah khosravi 68,087
13-seyyed mohammad gharazi 66,096
14-seddiqeh vasmaqi 65,262
15-abbas doozdoozani 62,831
16-yahya al-e eshaq 61,466
17-mansour razavi 60,902
18-hassan abedini 60,405
19-davood soleymani 59,235
20-mohammad-kazem seyfian 55,654
21-mahmoud ahmadinejad 55,426
bg/mr
end
::irna 03/03/99 20:29

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1999 10:32:38 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Senior Iranian Police Chief Charged with Torture

Senior Iranian police chief charged with torture
================================================

BBC World: Middle East
Wednesday, March 3, 1999 Published at 17:03 GMT


The head of Iranian police intelligence, and ten of his men, are
to be tried on charges of torture.

The Iranian news agency said that Brigadier General Mohammad
Reza Naqdi would go on trial in May, following complaints of
mistreatment by suspects detained during the investigation
against the former mayor of Tehran, Gholamhossein Karbaschi.

The investigation was said to have been ordered by the head of
the judiciary, on direct instructions from President Mohammad
Khatami.

From the newsroom of the BBC World Service

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 2 Mar 1999 to 3 Mar 1999 - Special issue
*****************************************************************