Date: Mar 7, 1999 [ 12: 24: 7]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 6 Mar 1999 to 7 Mar 1999 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 6 Mar 1999 to 7 Mar 1999 - Special issue
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There are 24 messages totalling 1205 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. kadivar's family calls for cancellation of demonst
2. Iranian Film Dance of Dust to Be on Show in France
3. Leading Iranian cleric charged.TXT
4. UNDP to help promote human rights in Iran.TXT
5. Latest Result of Council Elections (2)
6. Two Pollice Officers Killed in a Clash Near Evin
7. Transparency in Judiciary a Must, Paper Tehran
8. Restoration of Full Egyptian-Iranian
9. Sunday Morning's Newspaper Headlines in Tehran
10. Iran's Khatami on ground-breaking visit to West
11. 1000 students Gathered in Support of Kadivar
12. Iran Tells U.S. to Lift Economic Sanctions
13. Iran says its oil market open to US, calls for end to embargo
14. Iran "regrets" Gulf Arab call to halt maneuvers near disputed islands
15. Iranian leader invited to visit Portugal
16. Hundreds of Iranian students rally in Tehran
17. Italy to help Iran "out of isolation," FM says
18. Iran begins new express train service in Tehran
19. Kuwaiti crown prince cancels Iran visit
20. Iranian writers hoping for official approval
21. One dead, 500 houses damaged in Iran quake
22. Iranian reformers to hold protests over arrest of liberal cleric
23. Iranian press steps up war of words with UAE

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 17:02:56 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: kadivar's family calls for cancellation of demonst

kadivar's family calls for cancellation of demonstrations
=========================================================
Reported by IRNA
------------------------

thr 070
kadivar-communique
kadivar's family calls for cancellation of students demonstrations
tehran, march 6, irna -- the relatives of hojatoleslam mohssen kadiva
issued a communique here saturday calling on all college student
members of 'daftar tahkim vqahdat' (unity solidarity bureau) to cancel
their symapthetic demonstrations in tehran and throughout iran sunday
and on subsequent days in support for hojatoleslam kadivar.
they said they had so decided in the interest of president
hojatoleslam khatami's administration, especially because they had
noticed the likelihood of certain people trying to create unprovoked
confrontations between demosnstrators and lead the peaceful
demonstrations to an uncontrollable free-for-all.
their communique also offered thanks to personalities who were to
deliver speeches at the demonstrations.
hojatoleslam kadivar has been recently arrested on the order of
tehran's spiritual court.
hr/hm
end
::irna 06/03/99 22:34

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 17:02:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iranian Film Dance of Dust to Be on Show in France

Iranian Film Dance of Dust to Be on Show in France Next Week
============================================================
Reported by IRNA
------------------------

thr 067
iran-france-movie
iranian film dance of dust to be on show in france next week
paris, march 6, irna -- the iranian film 'dance of dust' by abolfazl
jalili is to be screened at french cinemas from next week.
jalili's 73-minute and 35-millimeter film, which was produced in
1990 without any dialogue, was also awarded silver leopard of the 1998
locarno international festival in switzerland, winning prize of the
best director from tricontinental nantes and of the best film prize of
the asian films at tokyo festival.
the film concerns life of the workers of a kiln center in a remote
part who lead a miserable and hard life.
jalili has so far produced 13 long and short films.
meanwhile, friday issue of the lebanes
meanwhile, friday issue of the lebanese daily 'al-kifah al-arabi'
quoted the international anthropology festival of paris as calling
iranian cinema as the school for creation of creativity.
it wrote that the festival which was inaugurated in paris on
thursday has attached special status to iran's cinema.
the festival has put on show 54 iranian movies to make the world
people acquainted with iranian culture and customs.
bg/hm
end
::irna 06/03/99 20:51

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 17:03:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Leading Iranian cleric charged.TXT

Leading Iranian cleric charged
==============================

BBC World: Middle East
Saturday, March 6, 1999 Published at 15:51 GMT


Iran's clerical court has officially charged the prominent
liberal cleric, Mohsen Kadivar, with spreading hostile
propaganda against the Islamic Republic.

The move follows calls by reformist groups for nationwide
protests in support of Mr Kadivar on Sunday.

The court defended the decision to arrest Mr Kadivar following
criticism of the move from clerics and members of the
government.

It said he wasn't arrested for expressing his opinion, but for
spreading false information hostile to the regime.

In one interview, Mr Kadivar angered conservatives by comparing
the country's supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamanei, with the
former Shah of Iran. Mr Kadivar has demanded an open trial in
the presence of a jury and with lawyers of his own choice.

From the newsroom of the BBC World Service

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 17:03:10 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: UNDP to help promote human rights in Iran.TXT

UNDP to help promote human rights in Iran
=========================================


11:39 a.m. Mar 06, 1999 Eastern
By Mehrdad Balali

TEHRAN, March 6 (Reuters) - The United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP) is to sponsor academic activities in Iran to
help raise awareness on human rights, the official Iranian news
agency IRNA reported.

Michael Von Der Shulenburg, head of the UN office in Tehran, and
Mohammad Reza Takhshid, the dean of the faculty of law and
political science at Tehran University, signed accords on this
on Saturday, the agency said.

The projects, which include introduction of specialized graduate
courses on human rights, ``seek to promote human rights in Iran
by international as well as Islamic standards.''

There will also be other activities, such as workshops and
research and field studies, IRNA said.

It will be the first time such courses are taught in an Iranian
university, and come as Iran's moderate President Mohammad
Khatami pushes to open up society and implement democratic
reforms.

``The UN welcomes the spirit of cooperation the Iranian
government is showing. We hope the project will increasingly
bring Iran into the global discussion of human rights,''
Shulenburg was quoted as saying.

Western countries have long accused the Islamic republic of
human rights abuses, charges which Iran rejects as politically
motivated.

Iran has also been insisting that Western notions of human
rights are incompatible with Islamic teachings, which the
country has strictly followed since its 1979 revolution.

But there has been growing debate here on the subject of human
rights since Khatami's election 21 months ago.

For the first time since the revolution, a police security chief
and 10 of his men are to stand trial in May on charges of
torturing prisoners.

During a visit to Tehran in December 1997, United Nations
Secretar-General Kofi Annan delivered a ground-breaking speech
on human rights at Tehran University.

Last year, U.N. High Commissoner on Human Rights Mary Robinson
also travelled to Iran to attend a regional workshop on human
rights.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 17:03:20 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Latest Result of Council Elections

Latest Result of Council Elections
==================================


thr 071
elections -results
over 22 million votes of councils elections counted
tehran, march 6, irna -- the elections headquarters of the interior
ministry announced on saturday that over 22 million votes of councils
elections have been so far counted in 28 provinces of the country
excepting tehran.
the following list has been published by the said source saturday
evening:
1 - eastern azarbaijan 1,441,961
2 - western azarbaijan 1,065,570
3 - ardabil 516,548
4 - esfahan 1,411,937
5 - ilam 250,972
6 - bushehr 323,420
7 - tehran 1,275,886
8 - chaharmahal bakhtiari 383,912
9 - khorassan 2,513,663
10 - khuzestan 1,346,222
11 - zanjan 400,815
12 - semnan 237,795
13 - sistan baluchestan 566,853
14 - fars 1,589,431
15 - qazvin 444,380
16 - qom 252,568
17 - kordestan 570,253
18 - kerman 848,800
19 - kermanshah 793,816
20 - kohkiloyeh boyerahmad 263,121
21 - golestan 679,540
22 - gilan 1,132,476
23 - lorestan 195,170
24 - mazandaran 1,309,072
25 - markazi 497,235
26 - hormozgan 409,284
27 - hamadan 668,987
28 - yazd 311,085
total 22,201,772
hm/hm
end
::irna 06/03/99 23:09

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 18:56:56 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Two Pollice Officers Killed in a Clash Near Evin

Two Pollice Officers Killed in Armed Clash with Assailants
==========================================================
Reported by IRNA
----------------

thr 018
clash-evin
two police officers killed in armed clash with assailants
tehran, march 7, irna -- two law enforcement personnel were killed an
two others injured in an armed clash with three assailants in evin
district, northern tehran, friday afternoon, the morning daily `iran'
reported sunday.
the three assailants were arrested by the evin police force with
the help of a number of passers-by.
one of the injured law enforcement personnel and two wounded
assailants were taken to `taleqani' hospital for treatment. an
official at the hospital later announced that the injured were not in
satisfactory condition.
the daily quoted an eyewitness as saying that on friday
afternoon and simultaneously with the opening of the spring carpet
exhibition, special law enforcement groups went on patrol missions
to maintain security in nearby streets.
one of the patrol teams noted three suspicious young men walking
along evin street and, therefore, stopped them for a brief questioning
and later demanded them to get on the police car for interrogation at
evin police station.
while the car was on its way towards the police station one of
the young assailants in the rear seat pulled out a pistol hidden
under his jacket and shot the driver, warrant officer nasser arab
ahmadi, from behind. he was immediately killed.
at this moment lieutenant abbas taleshi who had turned from the
rear seat to seize the pistol was also shot dead in his chest.
meanwhile, abbasi, a private sitting in the rear seat, clashed
with the assailants but was injured and the assailant who was later
arrested and introduced himself as davoud zaak, managed to throw
himself out of the car and stopped another car at gun point to escape
the scene.
hearing the shooting, another patrol group and a number of
passers-by rushed to the scene of the incident and clashed with the
other two assailants, identified as amir reza hadi and akbar morad
khani, who were attempting to run away. the two were injured by the
law enforcement personnel.
according to the daily the three assailants, aged between 22 to
26, were interrogated by the officers at the hospital.
zaak, the assassin, said he lived alone and had no residence in
tehran as he had just arrived in the city. he also claimed that he
did not know his two accomplices.
the three assailants were then transferred to the law enforcement
department of northern tehran for further investigation over their
identity and the motive behind the criminal act, the daily iran said.

meanwhile, another morning daily 'zan' sunday reported that its
photographer who accompanied a reporter to take pictures of the
incident, was seriously beaten by policemen and threatened by deputy
chief of evin police station of being imprisoned.
it said after being taken to the yard of the police station, the
photographer was beaten by three policemen and despite repeatedly
saying that he was the photographer of `zan' newspaper, he was slapped
in the face by the deputy police station who also threatened him to be
taken to the evin prison.
however, the photographer was released after an hour of "illegal
detention," the paper said.
ns/ks
end
::irna 07/03/99 11:41

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 18:57:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Latest Result of Council Elections

Latest Result of Council Elections
==================================
Reported by IRNA
------------------------

thr 071
elections -results
over 22 million votes of councils elections counted
tehran, march 6, irna -- the elections headquarters of the interior
ministry announced on saturday that over 22 million votes of councils
elections have been so far counted in 28 provinces of the country
excepting tehran.
the following list has been published by the said source saturday
evening:
1 - eastern azarbaijan 1,441,961
2 - western azarbaijan 1,065,570
3 - ardabil 516,548
4 - esfahan 1,411,937
5 - ilam 250,972
6 - bushehr 323,420
7 - tehran 1,275,886
8 - chaharmahal bakhtiari 383,912
9 - khorassan 2,513,663
10 - khuzestan 1,346,222
11 - zanjan 400,815
12 - semnan 237,795
13 - sistan baluchestan 566,853
14 - fars 1,589,431
15 - qazvin 444,380
16 - qom 252,568
17 - kordestan 570,253
18 - kerman 848,800
19 - kermanshah 793,816
20 - kohkiloyeh boyerahmad 263,121
21 - golestan 679,540
22 - gilan 1,132,476
23 - lorestan 195,170
24 - mazandaran 1,309,072
25 - markazi 497,235
26 - hormozgan 409,284
27 - hamadan 668,987
28 - yazd 311,085
total 22,201,772
hm/hm
end
::irna 06/03/99 23:09

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 18:57:24 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Transparency in Judiciary a Must, Paper Tehran

Transparency in Judiciary a Must, Paper Tehran
==============================================
Reported by IRNA
------------------------

thr 022
press-editorial
transparency in judiciary a must, paper
tehran, march 7, irna -- the morning daily `tehran times' sunday
commented on the present atmosphere in the country and said it
sometimes becomes really difficult to know who is who in this country.
it expressed regret in its editorial that ``some government
authorities, especially the judiciary officials, provide the
necessary ground for those who are out to exploit the situations and
distort the facts.''
believing that among the government organs that once in a while
give rise to controversies is the special court for the clergy,
which sometimes acts quite irrationally, the paper pointed out
in its editorial that ``during the last four months, the court has
been under fire by the domestic print media and also foreign
broadcast media, as it has arrested two clerics without informing
the public or even the families of the detainees of the reasons for
their detention.''
it further expressed surprise over the court's refusal to explain
about arrest of mohsen kadivar for an entire week and, referring to
the court's statement quoted by irna yesterday, said ``now the
question is, why this statement was not issued earlier so as to
prevent a lot of confusion and controversy? it is necessary that the
government officials, particularly those of the judiciary, adopt more
transparent policies to leave no room for wrong speculations.''
the editorial concluded by writing that ``furthermore, the
statement of the judiciary head ayatollah mohammad yazdi regarding he
recent murders was not enough, as mystery is still hanging over the
issue.''
vd/ks
end
::irna 07/03/99 12:35

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 18:57:36 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Restoration of Full Egyptian-Iranian

Egyptian Weekly: Restoration of Full Egyptian-Iranian
=====================================================
Reported by IRNA
----------------

thr 029
egypt-iran
egyptian weekly: restoration of full egyptian-iranian
diplomatic ties within months
athens, march 7, irna -- egyptian foreign minister amr moussa has
invited his iranian counterpart kamal kharrazi to visit cairo during
the second-half of this month, egyptian weekly ''al-ahram al-arabi''
reported.
the state-run magazine said the invitation was conveyed during a
meeting between the two foreign ministers at the sideline of the g-8
islamic meeting in dhaka, bangladesh, last week.
informed egyptian sources told the weekly that the meeting between
kharrazi and amr moussa contributed in removing a number of hurdles in
normalisation of ties between cairo and tehran.
the sources expect that full diplomatic relations between the two
muslim countries would be restored in the second-half of this year.
currently cairo-tehran diplomatic ties are restricted on the level
of interests section.
top officials of the two countries are to meet in the near future
to remove some remaining differences and to prepare the protocol of
cooperation and normalisation which will be signed by the foreign
ministers of egypt and iran when they meet, added al-ahram al-arabi.
nk/ks
end
::irna 07/03/99 13:55

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 18:58:20 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Sunday Morning's Newspaper Headlines in Tehran

Sunday Morning's Newspaper Headlines in Tehran
==============================================
Reported by IRNA
-----------------------

thr 005
press-headlines
sunday morning's newspaper headlines
tehran, march 7, irna -- the following headlines appeared in
tehran's morning dailies sunday:
iran daily:
-bahrain's crown prince succeeds sheikh issa
-brahimi arrives for afghan talks
-tehran-karaj fast train opens today
-neka-tehran pipeline nearly ready
-portuguese minister, kharrazi discuss cooperation, eu ties
-kuwaiti crown prince returns home from tehran airport
iran news:
-toward a better century on a just peace for all, president
-bahrain's emir buried, arab world mourns
-kuwaiti crown prince cuts short visit to iran
-brahimi in tehran for talks on afghan issue
-u.s. planes blast iraqi anti-aircraft sites
tehran times:
-bahrain's emir died minutes after serious debate with cohen
-tehran-karaj express electric train to be launched today
-two lawmakers warn future councilors against politicizing
civic bodies
-clerical court issue politicized by critics
-u.s. aircraft fire on iraqi artillery sites
kayhan international:
-president underlines importance of natural resources
-president sends message to greek counterpart
-nateq-nouri calls for increased ties with lisbon
-oil prices hold, iranian diplomacy raises hopes of gains
-iran-georgia seek expansion of bilateral cultural ties

iran:
-khatami's fascinating views on living environment
-kadivar's family call for cancellation of demonstrations
-armed clashes between guards and attackers on evin street
-tunes by greatest names of iranian music in national orchestra
jomhuri eslami:
-oil minister: operations to construct neka-tehran pipeline to
start soon
-president to inaugurate tehran-karaj express train today
-bahrain's emir died minutes after meeting with american defense
minister
-zionist regime admits failure against lebanon's hizbollah forces
abrar:
-composition of tehran's city council determined
-tehran-karaj express train not economical
-italy to help iran in fighting terrorism
-sanandaj's majlis deputy asks for formation of a special board
to probe into recent incidents in city
salam:
-president: we should pay serious attention to living
environment and natural resources in development process
-iranians residing in italy welcome khatami' visit
-university students cancel demonstration to protest against
kadivar's arrest
-200 journalists call for kadivar's immediate release

hamshahri:
-cabinet to consider cancellation of membership of press
court members
-khatami: a fresh look at environment necessary
-upon demand of kadivar's family: demonstration of students
throughout country canceled
-15,000 olive saplings planted in 150,000 square meters of
land
akhbar:
-students' rallies in support of kadivar should be cancelled
-islamic human rights commission: questioning of suspects should
not be carried out by violence
-bahrain's emir met cohen and then died
-president's office issues statement on khatami's visit to italy
kar va karegar:
-members of tehran's city councils determined
-30 minutes after meeting with u.s. defence minister, bahrain's
emir died
-iranian carpets catch eyes on first day of panama exhibitions
-non-oil exports from iranian ports up by 60 percent
tose'eh:
-iranians residing in italy: we are enthusiastically looking for
khatami's visit
-secretary for islamic human rights commission: courts dealing
with political and press offenses should be open and attended by jury
-students gather in tehran, mashad and shiraz to protest against
performance of clerical court
-ahmad jannati: we could not cast thoughts and traditions away
as if we are throwing old things away due to arrival of new year

jahan-e-eslam:
-press jury members and presidential advisors for press
affairs hold joint session to consider press court verdict
-kadivar's father tells university students not to hold any rallies
or gatherings
-about 200 journalists call for kadivar's release
-khatami: wrong notions on nature have inflicted irreparable
damage on human civilization
neshat:
-neshat reviews rivalry between reformists and conservatives
from khatami's election to kadivar detention
-students' gatherings in tehran and 10 other cities cancelled
-bahrian's emir passes away
-social and legal problems of conviction of five dispensed
members of press jury discussed
sobh-e emrouz:
-absolute victory of may 23 front in tehran's city council
elections
-morteza nabavi: court should answer to people about kadivar's
arrest
-sadeqi tehrani: our economy faces problem of escaping human
resources
-students' office to consolidate unity cancels today's gatherings
khordad:
-upon demand of kadivar's family: students' gathering in protest
of kadivar's detention not to be held
-200 journalists ask for kadivar's release
-clerical court: kadivar sued for charges of anti-iri
porpaganda, spreading lies and disturbing public opinion
-secretary for islamic human rights commission: courts dealing
with political offenses should be open and attended by jury

zan:
-khatami, guest of national orchestra
-israeli women protest against presence of zionist army in
lebanon
-clerical court's statement (on kadivar's arrest) and views of
thinkers on it
-bahrain's emir died
arya:
-students' gathering cancelled
-kadivar holds five hour meeting with mohseni ezheie
-kuwait's crown prince returns home from mehrabad airport
-paris to pay tribute to iranian cinema
abrar-e eqtesadi:
-all iranian carpets on display in panama exhibitions were
sold on the very first day
-tehran-karaj electric train to start operation in presnece of
president today
-price of tea will probably rise in international markets
-tehran-neka pipeline to be built soon

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 18:58:38 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran's Khatami on ground-breaking visit to West

Iran's Khatami on ground-breaking visit to West
===============================================
04:53 a.m. Mar 07, 1999 Eastern
By Jonathan Lyons

TEHRAN, March 7 (Reuters) - President Mohammad Khatami opens a
new era in the history of post-revolutionary Iran this week when
he travels to Rome, the Vatican and Paris on the first visit to
Europe by a head of state from the Islamic Republic.

Khatami, fresh from a run of domestic political victories, will
seek to cement budding commercial and political ties to Italy
and the European Union beyond.

The president, a moderate Shi'ite Moslem cleric and student of
western philosophy, lands in Italy on Tuesday and is expected to
meet Pope John Paul before travelling to Paris on March 11.

Analysts say the trip will boost Khatami's calls for a
``Dialogue of Civilisations'' with Iran's traditional
antagonists in the West, many of whom are still wary of what
they see as Tehran's support for international terrorism, its
poor human rights record and pursuit of weapons of mass
destruction.

``This presents the perfect opportunity for Khatami to start to
change people's minds about Iran,'' said a senior European
diplomat. ``The West needs to see that the changes at home are
genuine.''

Iranian newspapers have hailed the trip as a turning point in
relations with the West, saying Iran's first ever local
elections last month have strengthened Khatami at home.

``The success of the reformers in the local polls will pave the
way for Khatami to carry forward his foreign policies,'' said
the pro-reform daily Salam. ``It will help him to act with
greater authority based on his popular support.''
Khatami has campaigned since his election 21 months ago for the
creation of a civil society and the rule of law within the
existing Islamic system, steps he says will improve life at home
and ease Iran's re-entry into the global community of nations.

Khatami and his reformist allies got a big boost last week when
European oil giants ENI and Elf Aquitaine signed a $1 billion
deal to develop Iran's offshore Doroud oil field. The deal flies
in the face of U.S. sanctions which target firms that invest
more than $20 million in Iran's oil or gas sectors.

Senior ministers say they expect the talks to underscore Iran's
steady opening to Europe at the expense of one-time strategic
and economic partner the United States, whose policy of trade
sanctions has sidelined American business.

Iran's budget calls for billions in new foreign investment,
badly needed at time of low world prices for its chief product,
oil, and a general economic malaise gripping the economy.

However, commentators say Italy was chosen as the jumping-off
point of the Western campaign as much for its spiritual
significance as its investment potential.

``President Khatami's meeting with Pope John Paul II will be the
first step toward a dialogue between Christianity and Islam and
will lead to further dialogues with other nations, religions and
civilisations,'' said an editorial in the Iran News, close to
the foreign policy apparatus.

``He chose Italy for his first visit to prove that he is serious
about his intention to create a dialogue with other
civilisations.''

Nevertheless, he will find it hard to forget his problems at
home, especially a row over the detention of a leading reformist
theologian and presidential adviser.

Rallies planned in 10 cities in defence of the imprisoned
cleric, Mohsen Kadivar, were cancelled at the weekend after
moderates said hardliners could orchestrate a crackdown to
embarrass Khatami on the eve of his trip.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 23:24:56 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: 1000 students Gathered in Support of Kadivar

One Thousand Students Hold Demonstration in Support of Kadivar
==============================================================
Reported by IRNA
----------------

thr 059
univarsity students-gathering
one thousand students hold demonstration in support of kadivar
tehran, march 7, irna -- number of students of tehran university held
their gathering here sunday in front of the university of technology
in order to protest the so-called illegal detention of hojjatoleslam
mohsen kadivar by the special court of the clerics.
the gathering was held by students despite the announcement of
'daftar tahkim vahdat' (office to foster unity) of the cancelling the
protest meeting.
nearly one thousand students held a three-hour demonstration and
shouted slogans in support of kadivar and then left the scene while
other students were shoulting slogans against their move.
pm/dh
end
::irna 07/03/99 23:01

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 23:25:04 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran Tells U.S. to Lift Economic Sanctions

Iran Tells U.S. to Lift Economic Sanctions
==========================================


12:04 p.m. Mar 07, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, March 7 (Reuters) - Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal
Kharrazi urged the United States on Sunday to lift sanctions on
trade and investment with the Islamic republic, saying past
policies have reached a dead end.
``There is no way out for the Americans but to change sanctions
policies. It's time they returned to logic and wisdom, as
present policies mean nothing but losses for American
companies,'' Kharrazi told a news conference.

``The reality today is that Europe is ready to violate
unilateral U.S. sanctions and American companies are keen on
participating in Iranian deals,'' he added.

His comments came after Iran's $1 billion oil deal with European
oil giants ENI and Elf Aquitaine, signed on March 1, to develop
an offshore oil field here in defiance of American sanctions,
which went into effect in August 1997.

The law, which followed a unilateral economic embargo imposed on
Iran by the United States in June 1995, seeks to penalize
non-American companies which invest more than $20 billion in
Iran's energy sector.

But Washington has in the past hesitated to enforce such
penalties, fearing possible economic war with European partners.

The U.S. government has also come under pressure from its own
companies, mainly oil firms, to revise its Iran policy.

Kharrazi said American firms would be welcome to bid for future
oil and gas projects offered by his country.

``We welcome all foreign firms and there is no ban against
American companies,'' he said.

Iran, a major player in the Organisation of the Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC), wants to attract Western funds and
technology to help exploration and rejuvenate ageing fields.

The country owns the second largest gas reserves in the world
after Russia, many of which are untapped.

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:22:57 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran says its oil market open to US, calls for end to embargo

TEHRAN, March 7 (AFP) - Iran stepped up the pressure to end the
US embargo with the surprise announcement Sunday that US oil
companies face "no obstacle" to doing business in the Iranian oil
industry.
"There is no obstacle to US oil companies participating in oil
development projects in Iran," Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi said,
clearly referring to Washington's unilateral trade embargo which
prohibits US companies from doing business here.
He underscored the point by stressing that the embargo served
only to hamper US business interests.
"The Americans must come to terms with reality and see that
there is no solution other than changing their sanctions policy,"
Kharazi said at a press conference.
"This policy serves only to hurt American companies."
Kharazi's surprise announcement comes just days after a top US
oil executive told the US Congress that the embargo meant US firms
could not compete on equal terms with companies from Europe and
elsewhere.
"The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) is proving to be a
counterproductive foreign policy tool for defending American
interests in the region," Michael Stinson, senior vice president of
oil giant Conoco, told the Senate International Relations
Committee.
"I believe the Congress should recognize that ILSA has created
more problems than it solved and repeal the sanctions on Iran," he
said.
"I find it almost tragic that the French are building relations
in Iran in ways we cannot," he said.
French oil firm Elf Aquitaine and Italy's ENI signed a 540
million dollar deal earlier this month to develop Iran's Doroud oil
field in a direct challenge to the ILSA, known as the D'Amato law
after its chief congressional sponsor, then Senator Alfonse
D'Amato.
Kharazi said those firms -- along with France's Total, which
signed a two billion dollar deal with Iran in 1997 -- "have played a
key role in breaking the D'Amato law."
Washington passed the law in 1996, one year after imposing a
unilateral economic embargo against Tehran.
The bill calls for harsh sanctions against any foreign firm
investing more than 20 million dollars in the oil sectors of Iran or
Libya, states Washington accuses of supporting international
terrorism.
The US State Department said last week it was looking at
slapping sanctions on Elf and ENI over the most recent deal.
"We will assess the implications," said State Department
spokesman James Foley. "We'll take appropriate action."
"The US remains strongly opposed to investment in Iran's
petroleum sector," he said. "We have repeatedly urged the
governments of France and Italy at the most senior levels to
discourage this investment."
French energy group Total, in partnership with Russia's Gazprom
and Petronas of Malaysia, was the first to flout the law with its
1997 agreement to develop Iran's giant South Pars field in the
Persian Gulf.
In the face of intense international pressure, Washington
finally granted the Total project an exemption because it concluded
that the sanctions would not prevent the project from going
forward.
In exchange, Washington won pledges from European governments
that they would step up efforts to prevent Iran from acquiring
weapons of mass destruction, according to US officials.
But some European officials have interpreted that move as a de
facto scaling back of the D'Amato law and concluded that Washington
lacked the will or the means to enforce it.
The second largest oil producer in OPEC behind Saudi Arabia,
Iran depends on oil for more than 80 percent of its hard currency
revenues and has been hard hit by the worldwide slump in crude
prices.
Last month it announced that a deal worth 200 million dollars
had been agreed in principle with the Canadian firm Bow Valley and
Britain's Premier Oil to develop the offshore Balal site.
The State Department said it had not received official word the
deal had been agreed but vowed to review the matter thoroughly.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:22:52 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran "regrets" Gulf Arab call to halt maneuvers near disputed islands

TEHRAN, March 7 (AFP) - Iran termed "regrettable" Sunday an
appeal by Gulf Arab states for it to immediately halt "provocative"
naval maneuvers near three islands claimed by the United Arab
Emirates.
"This Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) statement is regrettable
and does not help to resolve the bilateral problem with the Emirates
but can threaten the more relaxed climate in the region," Iranian
Foreign Minister Kamal Kharazi said at a news conference.
"Every country has the recognized right to hold military
exercises in its own waters," said Kharazi, who was speaking after a
meeting with Portuguese Foreign Minister Jaime Gama.
Kharazi also called again for "bilateral, direct and
face-to-face talks to resolve this problem" of the islands of Abu
Musa and Greater and Lesser Tunb, which Tehran controls.
"Today in the world, problems are settled through dialogue, not
by blackmail or threat," he said.
The six GCC members called Thursday for Iran to "immediately
call a halt to its provocative acts that threaten stability and
security in the Arab Gulf, raise extreme concern and do not help
build confidence."
Iran began nine days of air and sea exercises on February 27.
The Emirates want the conflict to be resolved in the
International Court of Justice, while Tehran, which has occupied the
islands since 1971, has offered to hold bilateral talks on the
"misunderstanding."

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:23:04 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iranian leader invited to visit Portugal

TEHRAN, March 7 (AFP) - Iranian President Mohammad Khatami has
been invited to Portugal for an official visit, Portuguese Foreign
Minister Jaime Gama said here Sunday.
Gama told reporters here he had delivered a letter from
Portuguese President Jorge Sampaio "expressing our profound wish" to
have the Iranian leader pay a state visit.
Khatami's trip could "turn a new page" in relations between
Tehran and Lisbon, said Gama who was winding up two days of talks
here with Iranian officials.
Khatami is due in Italy on Tuesday, the first visit by an
Iranian head of state to a western European nation since the 1979
Islamic revolution. He is also scheduled to visit France in April.
Portugal is due to assume the rotating presidency of the
European Union at the beginning of next year.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:23:13 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Hundreds of Iranian students rally in Tehran

TEHRAN, March 7 (AFP) - Several hundred Iranian students
demonstrated at Tehran university Sunday over the arrest of leading
liberal cleric Mohsen Kadivar, defying calls to postpone the rally
over fears of violence.
Anti-riot police stationed around the campus put a quick end to
a shoving match that erupted between protesters and Islamic
fundamentalists but otherwise there was no violence.
The students chanted "Kadivar must be released" and "Death to
the monopoly," a reference to hardliners in the Islamic regime such
as Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi, who heads Iran's powerful judiciary.
"Yazdi go home" and "Yazdi and despotism -- the same struggle,"
shouted the protesters, many of whom were carrying portraits of
reformist President Mohammad Khatami.
Several times the crowd broke out with chants of "Khatami, we
support you" as well as "Long live Mossadegh," the father of Iranian
nationalism who served as prime minister in the 1950s.
The Islamic Students Association had said earlier it was
cancelling demonstrations in Tehran and nine other towns over the
detention of Kadivar, whose arrest last week by order of Iran's
powerful special religious court sparked widespread outrage among
radicals and reformers.
The students said in a statement that they were calling off the
demonstrations at the request of Kadivar's family, in light of a
much-publicised visit to Italy by Khatami set to begin on Tuesday.
The visit follows a 540 million dollar deal Iran signed with
Italy's oil giant ENI earlier this month and the Islamic republic is
anxious to present an image of stability to attract more foreign
investment.
The official news agency IRNA reported Kadivar's family had
feared the demonstrations could turn violent.
The Kadivar case has galvanized public attention here and some
200 journalists signed a petition saying his arrest was
unconstitutional and an "offense" to Iran's writers and
intellectuals, the radical newspaper Salam reported Sunday.
The streets of Tehran were plastered with thousands of
pro-Kadivar posters on Saturday amid a widespread campaign
expressing unhappiness with the Special Court for Clergy (SCC) that
ordered his arrest.
The SCC, a hardline body which operates independently of the
Iranian judicial system, has denounced the reformers' "vociferous
campaign" against Kadivar's detention.
"Kadivar was not arrested for his opinions but for spreading
false information and propaganda hostile to the regime," it said in
a statement published in the press Saturday.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:23:19 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Italy to help Iran "out of isolation," FM says

ROME, March 7 (AFP) - Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini on Sunday
defended the forthcoming visit of Iranian President Mohammad
Khatami, saying Italy wanted to help Iran "out of isolation."
Dini said other European countries should follow suit. "If
Europe wants to be a model for others, it must understand and
respect others," he said in an interview in the daily La
Repubblica.
Khatami's scheduled visit to Rome, starting Tuesday, will be
followed by a visit to France despite criticism, particularly in the
United States.
"Isolation cannot promote a more open and tolerant society," the
Italian minister said.
Iran under Khatami had demonstrated both "moderation and
balance" in its foreign policy, and while problems with human rights
remained, they would be discussed "frankly and openly," Dini said.
Recent local elections in Iran, won by reformists, "perhaps mark
a turning point," he added, as he hailed Khatami's policy of
"reconciling (Iran) with the modern world."
While change had to come from within, "it is important that the
most enlightened forces not meet with indifference abroad," he
said.
Last week, two US representatives said they had sent a letter to
Italy's prime minister expressing concern about his plans to invite
Iran's president to Rome.
Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen of Florida and Democrat Gary
Ackerman of New York said in a joint statement that their letter
also raised concern about a recent oil contract between an Italian
company and Iran.
"We are convinced that the Iranian regime remains an
international outlaw, despite the apparent promises of reform after
the election of President (Mohammad) Khatami" in 1997, said the
letter to Italian Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:23:36 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iran begins new express train service in Tehran

TEHRAN, March 7 (AFP) - Iranian President Mohammad Khatami
inaugurated a new electric train link on Sunday between Tehran and
the city of Karaj in the western Tehran province.
Authorities are hoping the express train, part of a still
uncompleted metro service for the capital begun before the 1979
Islamic revolution, will one day carry some 100 million passengers
annually.
A delegation of top officials, including Interior Minister
Abdol-Vahed Mussavi-Lari, accompanied Khatami on the 30 kilometer
(18 mile) journey from Karaj to the capital.
The trains were purchased from China for some 550 million
dollars.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:23:53 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Kuwaiti crown prince cancels Iran visit

TEHRAN, March 6 (AFP) - Kuwait's crown prince cancelled his
visit to Iran and returned home shortly following his arrival here
Saturday after learning of the death of the emir of Bahrain.
Crown Prince Sheikh Saad al-Abdullah al-Sabah delivered two
messages to Iranian officials at Tehran airport before quickly
returning home after learning of the death of Bahraini emir Sheikh
Issa ibn Salman al-Khalifa, airport officials said.
The emir died of a heart attack Saturday and was quickly
succeeded by his son Crown Prince Sheikh Hamad ibn Issa al-Khalifa.
Shiekh Saad, who is also Kuwait's prime minister, had been
accompanied by a delegation of top officials for talks with Iranian
leaders.
Relations with Kuwait were strained this week after the Gulf
Cooperation Council, to which Kuwait belongs, condemned Iran's
ongoing military maneuvers near three disputed Gulf islands claimed
by both Iran and the United Arab Emirates.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:24:03 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iranian writers hoping for official approval

TEHRAN, March 6 (AFP) - Iran is on the verge of having its first
officially approved association of writers since the 1979 Islamic
revolution, one of the group's members told AFP on Saturday.
An initial set of by-laws has already received the green light
from moderate Culture Minister Ataollah Mohajerani and the group
established a five-member provisional leadership committee on
Thursday.
The writers' group is hoping for full official approval shortly
after the Iranian new year on March 21, committee member Kazem
Kordavani said.
Plans to form an Iranian writers' association were relaunched
following the May 1997 election of moderate President Mohammad
Khatami, who has put relaxation of restrictions on the nation's
cultural life near the top of his political agenda.
But two leading dissident writers who were working closely to
develop plans for the group, Mohammad Pouyandeh and Mohammad
Moktahri, were assassinated in December during a series of murders
of intellectuals and opposition figures.
The Iranian intelligence ministry took the unusual step of
admitting that "rogue" agents had been involved in the killings,
which sparked a wave of outrage among reformers in the Islamic
republic.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:24:14 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: One dead, 500 houses damaged in Iran quake

TEHRAN, Mar 6 (AFP) - One person was killed and some 500 houses
damaged in the earthquake that rocked southeastern Iran on Thursday,
the official news agency IRNA reported Saturday.
One woman died when her house collapsed on top of her several
hours after the quake, which measured 6.2 on the Richter scale.
Nearly 520 houses were also damaged by the temblor, a local
government official told IRNA.
The deadly quake rocked the Kerman and Hormuzgan provinces in
southeastern Iran on Thursday around 9:10 a.m. (0540 GMT) and was
felt throughout the south of the Islamic republic.
Iran is prone to earthquakes. A May 1997 quake in the eastern
province of Khorasan left 1,600 people dead.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:24:24 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iranian reformers to hold protests over arrest of liberal cleric

TEHRAN, March 6 (AFP) - Anger mounted in Iran on Saturday as
protesters plastered the streets of Tehran with posters, and
reformers announced an unprecedented series of demonstrations over
the arrest of liberal cleric Mohsen Kadivar.
Leading reformer Abdollah Nuri will deliver a speech in support
of Kadivar on Sunday at Tehran University, best known as the site of
Friday prayers led by the Islamic regime's conservatives.
Newspapers here said reformers close to moderate President
Mohammad Khatami will stage protests in roughly a dozen towns
nationwide in the next few days to back Kadivar, arrested last week
by order of Iran's special religious court.
Thousands of pro-Kadivar posters appeared at intersections of
Tehran's main avenues on Saturday as moderate newspapers continued
to denounce the arrest of the liberal cleric.
Much of the anger has been directed at the Special Court for
Clergy (SCC), a hardline body which operates independently of the
Iranian judicial system and reports directly to the nation's supreme
religious leader, currently Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
The SCC denounced the reformers' "vociferous campaign" against
Kadivar's arrest and accused them of trying to prevent proper
application of the law.
"Kadivar was not arrested for his opinions but for spreading
false information and propaganda hostile to the regime," it said in
a statement published in the press Saturday.
Pro-government newspapers have reported that Kadivar was
detained for statements supporting dissident Ayatollah Hossein-Ali
Montazeri, a former leading light of the Islamic regime who fell out
of favour because of his liberal views.
Montazeri, who has been under police surveillance for years, has
been a constant thorn in the side of the regime's hardliners and has
frequenty denounced their stranglehold over the nation's political
life.
Earlier this week the SCC banned any mention of Montazeri in the
national press, according to the Neshat paper.
The SCC warned that any paper violating the ban would be
prosecuted.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999 20:24:34 GMT
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@ALGONET.SE>
Subject: Iranian press steps up war of words with UAE

TEHRAN, March 6 (AFP) - The Iranian press on Saturday
dramatically escalated the war of words with the United Arab
Emirates over three Gulf islands claimed by both nations, calling on
Tehran to reconsider its friendly stance toward the Gulf's Arab
countries.
"We cannot remain indifferent to such arrogance," said the
fundamentalist Jumhuri Eslami paper, following a Gulf Cooperation
Council (GCC) statement Thursday calling on Iran to halt its
military maneuvers near the islands.
The paper blasted moderate President Mohammad Khatami for his
government's "exaggerated optimism" toward the Gulf's Arab nations
and called for a "firmer foreign policy" in the region.
The Abrar newspaper, close to the regime's conservatives,
scorned the "giant claims of the tiny Emirates."
The moderate English-language Iran Daily, which supports
Khatami, said the UAE should "put an end to unhelpful slogans and
irresponsible statements," calling on the Emirates to "venture
deeper into maturity."
The paper even reprinted a scathing editorial from the
pro-government Arya newspaper openly questioning whether the foreign
ministry was properly looking after Iran's best interests.
"Does the Iranian foreign ministry pay due attention to national
interests?" the editorial asked, criticising Khatami's warm
relations with Kuwait, which backed the GCC statement.
"The UAE has been left free to use every opportunity that comes
its way to voice its illegitimate claims to the Iranian islands," it
said, adding that foreign ministry "has not done the least ... to
convey to Dubai that it should come to terms with existing regional
realities."
The GCC -- comprising Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia
and the UAE -- denounced Iran's military maneuvers which began last
Saturday near the disputed Gulf islands of Abu Musa and Greater and
Lesser Tunb.
In a statement Thursday it said the exercises were a "violation
of the UAE's sovereignty and an attempt by Tehran to secure its
occupation of the three islands."
The statement drew a sharp reaction from the Iranian foreign
ministry, which warned that "under no circumstances should Iran's
current foreign policy of detente ... be interpreted as ignoring the
legitimate rights of Iran."
"The staging of military maneuvers as a means to attain the
necessary preparedness to defend terrtiroial integrity is an
internationally recognized and inalienable right of all countries,"
said spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi.
"Iran will not overlook this right," he said.
He also reiterated that the potentially oil-rich islands,
located in the strategic Strait of Hormuz, are "an inseparable and
integral part of the territory of the Islamic republic of Iran."
Tehran has repeatedly rejected the UAE's calls for international
arbitration to settle the dispute, saying the "misunderstanding" can
only be solved by direct negotiation while at the same time
affirming that Iran's claim to the islands is non-negotiable.
In recent weeks Tehran has taken visible steps to demonstrate
its control over the islands.
Last month Iran opened a town hall on Abu Musa and the
state-controlled Iranian media now regularly include the three
islands in their weather reports.
Iran has controlled the islands since 1971 after Britain ended
its protectorate in the region.

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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 6 Mar 1999 to 7 Mar 1999 - Special issue
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