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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 10 Mar 1999
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There are 8 messages totalling 535 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Turkey Says Ocalan in Well-lit, Roomy Cell
2. Women Comprise One Third of Councils Members
3. Country's Largest Information Network to Start
4. Full Text of Khatami's Speech at Italian Parliamen
5. Protestors hurl paint at Iranian leader's car, 13 arrested
6. Rushdie in Italy....
7. Students stike in Tehran
8. The degree of the regime's popularity from Irna

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999 23:35:44 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Turkey Says Ocalan in Well-lit, Roomy Cell

Turkey Says Ocalan in Well-lit, Roomy Cell
==========================================


March 9, 1999
Web posted at: 5:45 PM EST (2245 GMT)

STRASBOURG, France (Reuters) -- Turkey has informed the European
Court of Human Rights that captured Kurdish rebel leader
Abdullah Ocalan is being kept in a roomy, well-lighted cell and
allowed outdoor exercise, the court said Tuesday.

In an eight-page memorandum sent to the court Monday, Ankara
also said Ocalan had been blindfolded following his capture in
Kenya to prevent him from seeing secret military zones or
identifying the special forces agents accompanying him back to
Turkey.

Ocalan, who was blindfolded in reports on Turkish television
that show his repatriation, has been held in a high-security
prison on the island of Imrali since his capture.

He faces treason charges and a possible death sentence for
leading the Kurdistan Workers Party's 14-year-old fight for
self-rule in Turkey's mainly Kurdish southeast.

According to the memo, provided in response to inquiries from
the court, Ocalan's cell is well lit, equipped with hot and cold
water and has 15.5 square yards of floor space.

He can read books, has been given a radio, and can exercise
outdoors in a high-security area measuring an additional 54
square yards, the Turkish authorities said.

The memo also states that Ocalan is protected from torture and
bad treatment by Turkey's penal code and is free to meet members
of his family and his lawyers.

Earlier Tuesday, one of Ocalan's lawyers said he and a colleague
had been able to see the guerrilla chief only once in the 22
days since his capture.

Ahmet Zeki Okcuoglu said the two lawyers had been allowed to
talk with Ocalan for only 20 minutes two weeks ago under the
supervision of a public prosecutor and two masked military
guards.

European countries have called on Turkey to ensure a fair trial
and not to apply the death penalty. Turkey has not executed a
convicted criminal since 1984.

The human rights court is part of the Council of Europe, which
monitors human rights and democracy in Europe and counts Turkey
among its 40 member countries.
Copyright 1999 Reuters.

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999 23:36:18 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Women Comprise One Third of Councils Members

Women Comprise One Third of Councils Members
============================================

==========================================

==========================================

==========================================

==========================================

==========================================


thr 002
tajzadeh-women
deputy-interior minister: women comprise one third of councils members
tehran, march 9, irna -- deputy minister of the interior for
political and social affairs mostafa tajzadeh said at a round-table
discussion on women's participation on the social and political scenes
at tehran university here monday that women are members of one third
of all urban and rural councils .
he said in 48 of those councils there are two female members, in
three of those councils there are three female members and four of
the total five members of the urban council in saveh are women.
tajzadeh said the iranian women seem to have recognized their
potential for playing important social roles as administrators and
are gradually filling the vacuum of female administrators in the
iranian society.
hr/hm
end
::irna 09/03/99 01:26

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999 23:36:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Country's Largest Information Network to Start

Country's Largest Information Network to Go on Stream
=====================================================


thr 084
information-network
country's largest information network to go on stream
tehran, march 9, irna -- after several years of hard work, the
nation' largest information ne work, the
nation' largest information ne work, the
nation' largest information network is ready to go on stream at the
commerce ministry headquarters, said the deputy commerce minister for
planning and information dissemination mohammad nahavandian here
tuesday.
he told irna, ''with the implementation of this three-year
project, the entire data regarding the commerce organizations
throughout the country will be at the disposal of various policy
makers including economic affairs officials of both private and public
sectors.''
nahavandian added that the project has the capability to provide
the latest statistics on placement of orders as well as export and
import data on iran and the rest of the world.
he also said, ''beginning wednesday, the long-term commerce
ministry's plan connecting substantial elements regarding the
commerce and economic sectors of the country will be operational.''
he further stated, ''for the preparation of the information
network, the information dissemination procedures of 58 private and
public organs have been reviewed, 72,000 man hours of work performed
on 800 various kinds of business activity and 2,000 title headings
have been completed.''
the deputy commerce minister noted, ''in addition to the analysis
of domestic information dissemination projects, several foreign
countries' experiences in trade have also been reviewed and the
result published in a 50-volume book.''
he also added that the implementation of the project needs the
wholehearted support of the government and the majlis.
''according to the studies performed, the investments in the
project will have a positive return,'' nahavandian reiterated.
nb/ks
end
::irna 09/03/99 20:31

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999 23:43:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Full Text of Khatami's Speech at Italian Parliamen

Full Text of Khatami's Speech at Italian Parliament
===================================================


thr 075
italy-khatami-parliament
full text of president khatami's speech at italian parliament
rome, march 9, irna -- the text of the speech of the president of
the islamic republic of iran to the representatives of the italian
houses of parliament.
in the name of allah, the beneficent, the merciful
his excellency mancino,
his excellency violante,
honorable representatives,
distinguished audience,
''as an elected representative of the iranian nation, i am happy
to have the opportunity to speak among the prominent representatives
of the italian nation, of the necessities and areas of cooperation on
a national, regional and international level.
''more than ever, on the threshold of a new century our world is
in need of a viable peace and a firm foundation for coexistence. it
is for this reason that one must critically assess the past and the
present world, reflecting on existing obstacles to our understanding
of the truth, and the possibility of achieving peace, so that age-old
difficulties could be overcome and stumbling blocks in the way of
all nations removed.
''unfortunately, the century we are putting behind us has been
fraught with tension, violence, war, inequality, trampling upon
man's dignity, infringement upon the rights of oppressed nations,
and practicing a double standard in political and legal affairs. the
roots of such instability can be seen in the principles, beliefs,
and approaches of some who view the world and human community with
an egoistic and tribal attitudes, sacrificing justice, freedom,
independence and all the fundamental rights of others to greed and
the sanctification of their own power.
''reflecting upon this issues can to a great extent pave the
way for finding a solution to the problem of how one can arrive at
grandeur' and 'power', especially in a country which is the cradle
and provenance of the renaissance.
''can a government, performing on a national or international
level, be powerful and effective only when it is endowed with
absolute power? in the whole universe is this earth the only thing
of value, and should wielding power be regarded as the only
criterion of our primal earthly goals?
''the truth is that in modern western civilization the
unconditional wielding of power has been subject to serious
criticism and doubt. it has not only emerged as an essential and
historical basis in east-west colonialist relations, but it has been
applied as a leverage by domineering powers over the oppressed and
plundered world. this has been the most prevalent factor in
shaking the foundation of a viable peace.
''there is no doubt that modern civilization has been able to
attain invaluable achievements in growth and democracy, however, one
must also take into account the price paid for these achievements in
international relations. we know that modern civilization has
experienced fascism and proletariat dictatorship in practice, and
has paid dearly to campaign against them in order to render the
institution of democracy more permanent and lasting. however, the
main issue of discourse is this: that out of this bitter and
vitriolic experiences of fascism and proletariat dictatorship, new
yet similar forms of malignancy such as warmongering, discrimination,
and oppression have been practiced and inculcated in colonial
societies. it is clear that the establishment of relations between
countries on the basis of inequality and dividing the world into east
and west blocs, between the oppressed and the oppressors, have had no
result other than an armed peace, violence, tension and terrorism.
''if we desire a genuine peace, we must seek justice, tolerance,
exchange of views, and act accordingly. in this century, man's
endeavor in quest of freedom, independence, the reining in of power,
and limiting political power to the will and desire of the people
are substantial achievements, which must be defended and
strengthened so as to benefit from a sustainable balance and
stability in the human community.
''tolerance and exchange of views are the fruits of cultural
richness, creativity, high-mindedness and harmony. one must
recognize this opportunity. tolerance leads to dialogue, and
intolerance culminates in war. speaking of the elimination of
tension can only be possible among tolerant policies and cultures. a
world seeking balance and peace is in dire need of the promulgation
of such cultures.
''beginning the third millennium and wishing for a better world
necessitates comprehending such realities and overcoming
difficulties created by dominating countries. they create such
difficulties due to their greed, injustice, intolerance, and
non-recognition of the right of other nations to exist, and, in
short, by the application of a double standard in relations between
themselves and others.
''man, who has invariably sought freedom and loved justice,
finds himself defeated in attaining these values. this despair and
confinement leads to an imbalance and a fragile peace on a
national, regional and international levels. the apparent cause of
numerous conflicts is underdevelopment, which renders many people
hopeless, leading them to violence. and yet, development is
established on the basis of security. and security can only prevail
when man is respected in all circumstances and at all times, his
rights are recognized, and the strong help the weak in attaining their
rights. thus, we should determine the role and share of developed
countries in this regard.
''human and social security, which is the foundation for peace,
is cultural, political, economic and environmental concept, which is
even more vital than internal security. any negligence with respect
to this issues subjects communities to imbalance, intolerance, and
eventually turmoil and war. we must see how such a security can be
made to last.
''today, global equilibrium has been disrupted by the claim of
supremacy, attempts to assimilate all cultures and communities in an
established world order, the temptation of superpowers to transfer
their difficulties beyond their natural geographical boundaries,
economic expansion, the unrestrained proliferation of military,
chemical and biological weapons, and indifference to spiritual and
moral principles.
''by the critical assessment of international relations of the
past, we must reflect upon a future in which all human beings and
all societies will have a share. 'peace' ought not to be interpreted
as forcing the world into reconciliation, and 'globalism' should not
be defined as self-alienation and assimilation in a domineering
culture and global uniformity.
''we are at the beginning of a long journey in which respecting
man, sharing and cooperating with one another are reconsidered
through dialogue. in the world we know, all relations once assumed
to be certain, are now open to a thorough reconsideration and
reconstruction. dialogue, collaboration, and mutual ties are
indispensable elements for finding solutions that consummate in the
establishment of a viable peace and a bright future.
''bold questions, rather than relying on predetermined answers,
in search of new definitions and fresh amendments, designing new
cultural, mental and political plans are a necessity. a new
paradigm for understanding today's world and moving toward a
sustainable peace is necessary.
''if in the third millennium we want man's dignity and rights, as
well as peace, justice and tranquility to prevail, man must be
respected under all circumstances and not be categorized into first
and second-class, or western and non-western. discrimination in
standards of living, education, progress, information, technology,
peace and stability arise from the oppression inflicted upon human
beings and communities. for stepping into the third christian
millennium with dignity, a global will and determination are
necessary for univesalizing democracy and uprooting discrimination
and humiliation within all countries and among all nations and
governments.
''all nations have a right to enjoy popular and responsible
governments accountable to the people and under their supervision.
all nations have the right to development in all areas, and all
nations have a right to a viable peace based on reconciliation and
mutual understanding. as a result, establishing a civil society on
the basis of human rights throughout the world is a sublime and
peace-loving effort. furthermore, we must reflect upon the
establishment of democracy and a civil society on an international
scale. in today's world, governments either rely on the will of
their nations or on that of foreign power. for institutionalizing
democracy within countries and nations, we must in the first place
reflect upon the elimination of the major buttress of oppression and
discrimination in these countries. in other words, we must ponder on
how to eliminate international oppression and discrimination, and
seek to establish democracy and to create or strengthen a civil
society and civil institutions.
''for me, it is cause for rejoicing that i speak in a land that
has a rich heritage and great traditions in parliamentary and
republican institutions. in the area of legal and social research,
roman law signifies grace and the profundity of thought in the
history of european civilization. the republic of rome and roman law
have been a milestone in the human struggle for attaining social
order. today's italy is one of the focal points of modern civility,
with an extensive influence on the rest of the world.
''by depending on their rich culture and history, under the
leadership of imam khomeini (ra), our nation has embarked upon a new
path. through choosing an islamic republich choosing an islamic
republic, our nation determined
its path towards republicanism without abandoning its cultural
identity, that is islam. it is not prepared and does not see any
need for sacrificing islam to republicanism, or republicanism to
islam. and until now, it has continued on its path, which has not
been so level, and despite hostilities and misunderstandings, it
has tried to create a sovereignty based on both islamic teachings
and popular elections. only two weeks ago people throughout the
country participated in a splendid election and voted for more than
200,000 candidates for urban and rural councils. although the honor
of holding the elections fell on the present government, one must
not forget that through this process the government succeeded in
the materialization of a significant portion of the constitution of
the islamic republic of iran. this was the 20th election held in the
20-year life of the islamic republic of iran. with such a historical
background, and on the firm foundation of their novel experience,
the people of iran call the people of the world to a viable and just
peace, and invite all well-wishers of humanity and representatives
of cultures and civilizations to a constructive dialogue.
''for historical reasons, the ancient and great nations of italy
and iran have had the opportunity to possess a safe venue for
dialogue between cultures and civilizations. they can be a cradle
for rebirth and creativity and a climate for the growth of
institutions and relations through which mutual understanding,
tolerance, equilibrium and coexistence can take form. one of our most
important cultural and historical attributes is tolerance. the entry
and passage of various cultures through iran, with its strategic
geographic location, have provided our nation with a rich,
multifaceted spirit, which in light of islamic teachings has become
even richer. this islamic/iranian tolerance can be observed in
various cultural and civic works. in the past two decades, the
islamic revolution of iran has been able to restore this political,
cultural and economic equilibrium, which in recent centuries was
subjected to serious disruptions as a result of relations between
the east and the west and its flawed internal structures.
''based on the same tolerant iranian/islamic spirit, we are now
attempting to understand our forgotten capabilities and drive
benefits from others' achievements and fully utilize the principles
and constructive results of modern civilization to shape a better
future. if today, on an international level, talk of a dialogue
among civilizations and cultures and elimination of tension is being
heard from iran, it is due to the iranian spirit and is
proportionate to the principles and foundations of a revolution
which restored this tolerance to the people.
''we believe that, with a critical assessment of the past and
present, prospects for the world on the threshold of the third
millennium can be defined through a proper balance, peaceful
atmosphere, new order and system, based on mutual confidence between
states and nations, naturally, in this regard, influential countries
and governments play a more significance role.
''today, by depending on the same necessities and historical,
cultural and political grounds, one can and must attend to promoting
regional and international stability and peace. considering the
enormous disparity and lack of homogeneity that exist in the world,
the attainment of a stable community brimming with global peace can
be feasible on two levels. first, it is easier to strengthen a bloc
of homogeneous countries, through which multilateral attempts can be
made at creating shields against plans intended to dominate the
world. secondly, serious attention must be paid to strengthening
international institutions, thus rendering them accountable to
settling global conflicts and discriminations.
''with respect to the first solution, undoubtedly, the future of
the world, in light of mutual cooperation between the islamic world
and europe on the one hand, and iran and europe on the other, will
create a more desirable and hopeful image. the relationship between
europe, the islamic world and the middle east, which plays a key role
in today's political world, is dependent on cooperation among regional
countries. fortunately, due to their historical background and areas
of cooperation, mutual understanding, political and economic
circumstances, italy and iran enjoy a key role in finding solutions
in europe and the middle east.
''today, the world of islam and the middle east are facing a
number of problems which threaten world peace; issues of palestine,
afghanistan, iraq and the presence of foreign military forces in the
persian gulf are such examples.
''no doubt, for such serious dangers, one must find solutions in
the framework of regional and global cooperation among countries
opposing dominance and war, while respecting nations' independence
and right to self-determination.
''with respect to the second solution, challenging and resisting
those who try to weaken international organizations and
institutions, such as the united nations, is of great significance.
in order to achieve this objective, it is necessary to restructure
this organization, strengthen its pillars, and define the level of the
nations' share and cooperation.
''a united world based on peace and tolerance is not a world
dominated by superpowers. a world based on peace and tolerance
entails equality of civil rights, a global civil society,
international democracy, and universal freedom and justice.
''i hope that italy, iran, europe, the world of islam

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999 20:09:57 -0600
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <Iranyar@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Protestors hurl paint at Iranian leader's car, 13 arrested

Protestors hurl paint at Iranian leader's car, 13 arrested

11:56 GMT, 10 March 1999

ROME, March 10 (AFP) -Thirteen people were arrested Wednesday after
protestors hurled paint at a car carrying Iranian President Mohammad Khatami
through central Rome, police said.

Their identities and nationalities were not immediately disclosed.

Police said some were in possession of eggs filled with paint when they were
detained. At least two eggs filled with yellow paint hit Khatami's car in
the protest.

In another incident, three Iranian nationals were detained in front of the
monument to the Unknown Soldier, where Khatami was to lay a wreath, police
added.

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999 20:46:47 -0600
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <Iranyar@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Rushdie in Italy....

Italian university to honor Rushdie during Khatami trip

10:47 GMT, 10 March 1999

TURIN, Italy, March 10 (AFP) -The British writer Salman Rushdie, condemned
to death by Tehran in 1989, was to receive an honorary degree from the
University of Turin on Wednesday, in a ceremony coinciding with a state
visit by Iran's president.

The Indian-born writer arrived in Turin on Tuesday and was to make an
address Wednesday on Roman and Italian authors and artists who have
influenced his work, including Ovid, Machiavelli and director Federico
Fellini.

The president of the University's language and literature college, Paolo
Bertinetti, first proposed the idea of honoring Rushdie, whom he described
as one of the world's premier post-war novelists and "a great storyteller."

Rushdie was to give his lecture at about the same time that Iranian
President Mohammad Khatami was scheduled to speak before Italian
intellectuals in Florence.

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999 21:14:07 -0600
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <Iranyar@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Students stike in Tehran

Dear Friends, Dear Participants,

And this is a news from the Popular Protests inside of Iran...

Iranian students call for boycott over liberal cleric's arrest 07:41 GMT, 10
March 1999 TEHRAN, March 10 (AFP) -Iranian university students called for a
boycott of classes Wednesday to protest the arrest of popular liberal cleric
Mohsen Kadivar.

The Students' Unity Movement called on students across the capital not to
attend classes as a show of solidarity with Kadivar, who was jailed last
month by order of Iran's powerful Supreme Court for Clergy (SCC) for
spreading propaganda "hostile" to the Islamic republic.

"If Kadivar remains in prison, we will take other actions," the group said
in a statement to the Zan newspaper.

Hundreds of students demonstrated at Tehran university on Sunday to protest
the detention of Kadivar, an outspoken critic of the regime whose case has
sparked widespread public outrage

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999 21:38:33 -0600
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <Iranyar@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: The degree of the regime's popularity from Irna

thr 013
elections-press
daily comments on definition of pluralism
tehran, march 10, irna -- the english daily 'tehran times' wednesday
commenting on the low turnout at the local elections in tehran asked
why it was so in such a city which boasts of pluralism?
''as a matter of fact, only 30 percent of those eligible
participated in the local elections in tehran, a city with the most
number of newspapers, platforms and political factions while in cities
where factional confrontation is not as vigorous as in tehran people's
turnout at the local elections was much higher,'' noted the editorial.
therefore either there is a flaw in the definition of pluralism
as presented by some factions or there is no logical relationship
between pluralism and participation, pointed out the paper.
stating several reasons that a high turnout was expected at the
council elections, the daily noted that preliminary assessment of
the statistics revealed that a determining portion of the
constituency did not participate in the elections.
this non-participation should therefore be taken seriously
into consideration, particularly by the president, proposed the
paper.
it seems that the present performance of certain groups under he
pretext of pluralism has however disappointed some people, stressed
the paper pointing out that it is not surprising therefore that the
''leading candidate in tehran, despite his going beyond the limits and
hobnobbing with the outlawed parties to get his name on their lists
has polled a number of votes which is very low compared to previous
elections.''
since ''the logical result of pluralism in society is taken to
be more participation of people in running social affairs,'' and if
the results have proved to be contrary, political performance should
not only be pondered over but also reconsidered so that it will not
be repeated, stated the editorial in conclusion.
fh/ks
end
::irna 10/03/99 10:26

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 10 Mar 1999
************************************