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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 1 Apr 1999 to 2 Apr 1999

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There are 8 messages totalling 668 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. UN Praise Over Iranian Human Rights
2. U.N. Expert: Iran Making Progress, But Not Enough
5. Update on Iranian-American Republican Council's Ac
6. Crisis Mounts-NATO Spokesman Describes Orwellian H
7. Turkish Police Seize 400 Islamists
8. Nato: 'Iraq Helped Serbs'


Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 11:30:30 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: UN Praise Over Iranian Human Rights

UN Praise Over Iranian Human Rights

BBC World: Middle East
Thursday, April 1, 1999 Published at 19:54 GMT 20:54 UK

The United Nations human rights investigator for Iran has said
the Iranian government is making progress towards building a
more tolerant society which recognises human rights.

But he said Iran should remain under special scrutiny by the UN
Human Rights Commission for at least another year because the
improvements aren't big enough.

The investigator Maurice Copithorne cited the murders of
prominent dissident writers at the end of last year as an
example of unanswered questions about the regime.

He urged the Iranian government to speed up the prosecutions of
those suspected of the murders. He praised the efforts of the
Iranian President, Mohammad Khatami, but said it could take
years to achieve even his minimum reformist goals.

From the newsroom of the BBC World Service.


Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 11:30:38 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: U.N. Expert: Iran Making Progress, But Not Enough

Iran Making Progress, But Not Enough, Says U.N. Expert


GENEVA (AP) -- The Iranian government is making progress toward
building a more "tolerant society" that recognizes human rights,
a U.N. expert said Thursday.
However, the Islamic nation should remain under special scrutiny
at the U.N. Human Rights Commission for at least another year
because improvements are not extensive enough, said Maurice
Danby Copithorne, the U.N. special investigator on Iran.

Copithorne, a Canadian lawyer, cited the killings of prominent
dissident writers at the end of last year as an example of the
"unanswered questions" about the regime.

He urged the Iranian government to speed up prosecutions of
those suspected of the slayings, including intelligence ministry

The killings were part of a wave of violence, triggered by the
intensified power struggle between supporters of hard-liners and
moderates backing President Mohammad Khatami.

Copithorne spoke to journalists before presenting his report on
Iran to the 53-nation human rights commission. His 26-page
report said that women and members of the Baha'i faith continued
to suffer violations.

Despite the problems, Copithorne praised Khatami for trying to
"create a more tolerant society in which the rule of law plays a
part and which generally recognizes human rights to a
considerable degree greater than in the past."

However, he said that it was likely to be an uphill struggle and
would take years before real results appeared.

Angry that it remains under the commission's special scrutiny
along with Iraq and Sudan, the Iranian government didn't invite
Copithorne to visit the country.

The report was compiled from discussions with the authorities
and other groups in the United States and Geneva.

Copyright 1999& The Associated Press.


Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 11:31:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>


By Safa Haeri at the UN HQ in Geneva

In a surprising shift of policy that surprised everyone here,
the Islamic Republic of Iran abstained for the first time to
challenge the report of the United Nations Special
Representative on the question of human rights in Iran.

Seasoned analysts and diplomats at the UN suggested that by
adopting a conciliatory attitude, the Islamic Republic might be
out to ask the United Nations to end the mandate of its special
Representative, the Canadian diplomat Maurice Copithorne.

Asked about this likelihood, Mr. Capithorne said despite the
fact that he finds progresses had been made concerning the
situation of human rights in Iran, but taking into account that
the way to reasonable situation is still very long, he therefore
think that the Islamic Iran should remain under scrutiny.

At the past sessions, representatives from the Islamic Republic
would vehemently reject the report from the special
Representative, accusing him to compile his report on biased
information obtained from opposition sources, oblivion of the
fact they have never allowed him in Iran but once.

Observers described Mr. Capithorne's report as "lenient", noting
that he favours keeping doors of dialogue open with the Iranian.

"Capithorne may be attempting to support Khatami, to the point
that he sometimes downplays human rights issues and aspects that
are, or could be very serious. That's way he says things without
naming them while trying to please the authorities", commented a
UN expert.

Presented to the 55th session of the UN's Commission on Human
Rights started in Geneva on 31st of May, the UN's Special
representative for human rights conditions in the Islamic
Republic noted that "so far" the names of those accused of have
killed Iranian politicians and intellectuals have not been
released, nor have any plans been announced for the trials of
those concerned.

"In short", Mr. Capithorne observed during his brief statement,
the violence appears to have been attributed to the work of a
few rogue or extremist elements including certain persons within
the ranks of the Ministry of Information".

On the subject of freedom of expression, Mr. Capithorne noted in
his statement that "the struggle for the full enjoyment of human
rights is being more or less continuously joined. In the last
three months, there have been more cases of journals being
suspended and fines imposed, and in some cases for declared
reasons that seems doubtful at best".

"In the most publicised incident, a university lecturer and
seminary teacher was arrested by the clerics court and according
to press reports, charged with among other things confusing
public opinion", the special Representative observed in
reference to hojatoleslam Mohsen Kkadivar, an adviser to the
President whom he did not named.

Earlier yesterday, the Special Representative had met
extensively Ms. Parastou Foruhar, the daughter of the late
Dariush and Parvaneh Foruhar, the leaders of the secularist
Iranian people's Party who where murdered last November in
Tehran by official agents of the regime.

Flanked by Dr Karim Lahijients of the regime.

Flanked by Dr Karim Lahijients of the regime.

Flanked by Dr Karim Lahiji, the president of the Paris-based
Iranian League of Human Rights (in exile), Ms. Parastou
explained to Mr. Capithorne that since the acknowledgement by
the Islamic authorities of Iran that their own agents have
assassinated her parents, as well as at least 2 other
intellectual dissidents, yet nothing has emerged as who ordered
the assassinations, who are the killers and who co-ordinated the

That's why, Ms. Foruhar and Mr. Lahiji insisted on the necessity
of an international commission made of independent lawyers and
experts going to Iran to investigate the killings.

However, at press conference and meeting with representatives of
Non Government Organisations, Mr. Capithorne admitted that he
would "highly doubt" that the Islamic authorities would ever
accept such a delegation, observing that all past demands by
international jurist to go to defend the case of Mr. Abbas Amir
Entezam, Iran's and probably one of the world's longest
political prisoner had been flatly rejected by the Iranian
Asked if he has any information about how the Iranian government
is conducting the investigations on the recent killings, Mr.
Capithorne admitted that he has no more information than does
the family of the victims.

Asked if in his view the West should support Khatami, Mr.
Copithorne suggested a very cautious attitude by foreigners,
for, he explained, a clear backing given to the President can be
interpreted by the conservatives who opposes him as an outright
interference in the interior affairs of Iran.

In his statement, Mr. Capithorne described as "important
development" the Councils elections that took place a month ago.
"The Councils have been convened for April 29 and, while it
remains to be seen how much power they will be able to exercise,
there is a broad expectation that this grass root process is a
major step forward in the development of democratic institutions
in Iran", he told the 53 nations Human Rights Commission.

However, on the subject of minorities and women, Mr. Capithorne
noted that "in the matter regarding the Baha'is in particular,
while there have been some interesting developments which may
indicate that improvement could follow, no evidence has come to
my attention that the pressure under which the Baha'i community
in Iran lives is lessening at this point in time".

Editor-in-Chief: Safa Haeri
Tel: +33 1 43805838
Fax: +33 1 43805825

Copyright © 1997-1999, IRAN PRESS SERVICE, all rights reserved.


Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 11:31:20 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>




MARCH 30, 1999


The Iranian Trade Association announces its second quarterly
conference in Washington DC: "US-Iranian Agricultural Markets:
The Law of Supply & Demand". This conference will be held on
April 30th, 1999, 8:00am to 12:00pm at the Hyatt Regency on
Capitol Hill. BY INVITATION ONLY. Confirmed speakers are:
U.S. Senator Chuck Hagel (R-Nebraska)

Jack Eberspacher, President, National Assoc. of Wheat Growers

Carole Brookins, CEO, World Perspectives Inc.

Richard Bliss, CEO, Niki Trading Company
Dr. Shirin Entezari, Esq., Shirin Entezari & Associates

The Iranian agricultural market is a multi-billion dollar global
industry. Since 1995, the US trade sanctions have effectively
disengaged the Iranian consumer from the American farmer.
However, with the introduction of several new
agricultural-embargo related bills in the 106th Congress, the
proposed $500 million US grain sale to Iran by Niki Trading
Company, and a multitude of new developments in US-Iranian
relations, 1999 promises to be the year to watch.


1250 Sixth Avenue, Suite 210 San Diego CA 92101

619-554-1220 phone 619-554-1210 fax

Copyright © 1997-1998 Iranian Trade Association.


Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 11:31:40 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Update on Iranian-American Republican Council's Ac

Update on Iranian-American Republican Council's Activities

Payvand's Iran News ...

Update on Iranian-American Republican Council's activities
This email serves to introduce the new VP of Communications of
the Iranian-American Republican Council, Mr. Shayan Samii of Los
Angles, as well as to give everyone a summary of IARC's 11th
annual Convention in Portland, Oregon.
I would like to encourage everyone to inform Shayan of all
important events in their communities so that we can maintain
IARC's strong link. From now on, please direct all inquiries and
information to Shayan at

Thank you to everyone who attended the 11th annual IARC
Convention in Portland, Oregon. It proved to be an educational,
successful and entertaining event and a springboard for future
dialogue on a diversity of thoughts and ideas.
There were ample opportunities on Friday and Saturday evenings
for members and guests to interact, share ideas and discuss the
future of the Iranian-American community.

IARC elected a new National President, Mr. Ali Bayrami of Orange
County, California. My Bayrami is the Chief Operating Officer
of UEI, a post-secondary educational institution. He has also
been a gubernatorial appointee to the California Council for
Private Postsecondary and Vocational Education. Mr. Bayrami
vowed to attract more Iranian-Americans to the IARC cause
through further use of cyberspace, political chat rooms, and

Meeting with Senator Gordon Smith
Senator Gordon Smith, R-Oregon, a long time friend of the
Iranian-American community, spoke at the business meeting on
Saturday and responded to questions. Senator Smith talked about
the dual contributions of Iranian-Americans to the United
States: high educational level and hard work as well as a rich
cultural heritage. He urged our community to become even
more politically active, to get to know and support the
lawmakers, so that our voices could be heard and our concerns
Regarding the impeachment trial of President Clinton, he added
that "There is a right way of doing the right thing, and there
is a wrong way of doing the right thing", and it was unfortunate
that the Republicans may have chosen the second option. He felt
confident that the Republicans have learned valuable lessons
from the trial which will propel them to become more unified and
less acrimonious in the future. Senator Smith's comments were
so genuine and heart-warming that the California delegation
invited him to "run" in the Golden State. He responded that if
he ever ran in California, it would be as President, a comment
which generated a great deal of enthusiasm.

IARC delegates passed two important resolutions during their
business meeting, thereby setting a segment of the the Council's
agenda for the next few years. For one, IARC unanimously
decided to to mount a focused national campaign in the US to
increase the awareness of Persons of Iranian origin on the
significance and relevance of the census (2000) process and its
results on the economic, social, cultural, and political lives
of this community.

The organization also established a long range planning and
advisory committee called IARC 2020 to define IARC's specific
and measurable goals by the year 2020 and the ways and means to
achieve said objectives.

A motion to define IARC as pro-business, pro-choice and to
support some form of gun control was tabled. The group also
resolved to further refine its national elections process
thereby giving a more equitable representation to those states
with smaller Iranian-American populations.

Lobbying Techniques
Dan Lavey, one of the nation's top campaign advisers (and the
former Senior Policy Advisor to Senator Gordon Smith) and Roger
Martin a lobbyist, presented a seminar on the details and
intricacies of lobbying:

Promising to deliver block votes (of Iranian-Americans for
example) is not credible unless it is closely matched by
It is very important to become part of the immediate family of a
candidate before they are elected.
The staff of Congressmen and Senators are the gatekeepers and
therefore just as important as the lawmakers themselves. It is
important to establish a solid friendship with these
Iranian-Americans can just as easily run for office as their all
American counterparts if they have a message, a vision, the
desire and sufficient support to raise the necessary funds.
Congressman Robert Ney
Congressman Robert Ney was the keynote speaker at the evening
gala, and dazzled the audience with his mastery of the Persian
lanugage. He worked in the Peace Corps in Shiraz for two years.
Congressman Ney congratulated the audience on their active
political involvment and said that based on his experiences in
Iran, he expected no less from Iranian-American community. He
added that he has been encouraged by the elections in Iran and
the slow democratization process, and that he envisioned a day
when relations between the United States and Iran would be
Congressman Ney ended the evening dancing to the music of
Marteek along side 360 other Iranian-Americans and Americans

Next year's convention will be held in Orange County California
and the date will be publicized six months before the event.

Goli Ameri


Reach Payvand News of Iran at:


Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 11:32:58 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Crisis Mounts-NATO Spokesman Describes Orwellian H

Crisis Mounts-NATO Spokesman Describes Orwellian Horror

The Associated Press
March 31
Ethnic Albanians and neighboring countries have urged NATO to do
something to halt the huge refugee exodus from Kosovo, from
which an estimated 118,000 people have fled since NATO
airstrikes began March 24.

About 100,000 refugees have poured into Albania alone, although
the flow has l“slowed somewhat” the past day due to on-and-off
closures by Yugoslav border guards, NATO spokesman Jamie Shea
said. The U.N. refugee agency has made plans to aid up to
150,000 refugees in Albania.
Shea spoke of the ens of thousands” who are nte“tens of thousands” who
are “internally
displaced” in Kosovo, iving in woods, on“living in woods, on mountain
slopes …
They have no food, no water, no shelter.”
To help cope with the financial strain, President Clinton today
authorized $50 million in additional humanitarian aid for
refugees from Kosovo. Ethnic Albanians from Pristina, the Kosovo
capital, said Serb police burned their homes, herded them into a
train and shipped them off to Macedonia.
I left [my neighborhood] while my house was still burning,” said
Selvete Gujunovsci, 28, the mother of a three-month-old baby and
five-year-old child.
‘Orwellian’ Scenario
Calling it n Orwellian scenario” that has come true, Shea
“an Orwellian scenario” that has come true, Shea
described a Yugoslav and Serbian campaign of “identity
elimination,” saying authorities were estr“destroying the archives,
marriage licenses, birth certificates” to deprive ethnic
Albanians of their ificates” to deprive ethnic
Albanians of their ificates” to deprive ethnic
Albanians of their ificates” to deprive ethnic
Albanians of their ificates” to deprive ethnic
Albanians of their “culture … rewrite history.”
Hashim Thaci, a leader of rebel ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, told
Germany’s ZDF television that the Serbs had created three
concentration camps, including one in a Pristina stadium that he
said was holding 100,000 people.
Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic’s forces are accused of
continuing a terror campaign against majority ethnic Albanians
in Kosovo, which has been wracked by war since Milosevic
launched a campaign against separatist rebels 13 months ago.

Since then, more than 2,000 people have died in the Kosovo
Long lines of refugees formed today at the borders of both
Macedonia and Montenegro, where departing ethnic Albanians said
another 5,000 people were coming behind them. Some 22,000
refugees already were gathered in Rozaje, Montenegro.

Airstrikes Called Ineffective
Refugees arriving today in northern Albania from the southern
Kosovo cities of Prizren and Djakovica complained that NATO
airstrikes in those areas have been ineffective, hitting
military buildings abandoned by the Yugoslav army. They said
soldiers now were staying in homes left behind by fleeing ethnic
With international monitors gone and virtually all foreign
journalists kicked out of Kosovo, reported atrocities are
impossible to verify.


Aid Agencies Assisting Kosovo Refugees

CARE: 151 Ellis St. NE Atlanta, GA 30303-2426 800-521-2273

Catholic Relief Services: P.O. Box 17090 Baltimore, MD
21203-7090 800-736-3467

Direct Relief International: 27 S. La Patera Lane Santa Barbara,
CA 93117 800-676-1638

Doctors Without Borders/MSF: 6 East 39th St. 8th floor New York,
NY 10016 888-392-0392

International Rescue Committee: 122 East 42nd St. New York, NY
10168 877-REFUGEE

Save the Children Federation: P.O. Box 975 54 Wilton Road
Westport, CT 06880 800-243-5075

U.S. Committee for UNICEF: 333 East 38th St. New York, NY 10016

World Concern: 19303 Fremont Ave., North Seattle, WA 98133

World Relief, Dept. 3: P.O. Box WRC Wheaton, IL 60189

World Vision: P.O. Box 9716 Federal Way, WA 98063 888-511-6565


One Woman's Story
S K O P J E, Macedonia — Burbuqe Lika is a 24-year-old school
teacher from Kosovo. Last week she fled her home in panic when
Serb troops entered her town. Like countless refugees in
Macedonia she’s been separated from her family.
My parents thought that it was safer for me to come here to
Macedonia,” she said.
Now she spends her time at a border crossing. She goes from
group to group of ethnic Albanians looking for anyone who might
know her family’s fate.
An acquaintance from her town thinks her parents and sister are
somewhere in the mountain trying to cross into Macedonia.
All the time we think about them. We can’t sleep, we can’t eat,
every time we sit at the table to eat, we think about them,” she
says. For now she says she just wants her family back together
again. She says she’ll never be happy until she can live in
Our place is there, our home is there and we will go back as
soon as there is one little sign of peace. Clay Scott, AB“
Clay Scott, ABC News, Macedonia

Copyright 1999 The Associated Press.


Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 11:33:14 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Turkish Police Seize 400 Islamists

Turkish Police Seize 400 Islamists

BBC World: Middle East
Wednesday, March 31, 1999 Published at 22:45 GMT 23:45 UK

By Chris Morris in Ankara
Turkish security forces say they have arrested about 400 members
of radical Islamic groups in the south east of the country in a
series of raids over the last month.

A local police chief said those arrested were linked with the
fundamentalist group, Hezbollah, according to the semi-official
Anatolia news agency.

The police chief in Diyarbakir said raids had been taking place
in three south-eastern provinces against an organisation called
the Scientists Group, which is believed to be connected to the
Turkish Hezbollah movement.
The police say they confiscated weapons and propaganda material.
They allege that many of those detained have received military
and political training in Iran.

Several radical Islamic groups are thought to be active in south
eastern Turkey, which is better known for the Kurdish
nationalist conflict, led by the PKK.

The real strength of groups such as Hezbollah is unclear, but
the Diyarbakir police chief said documents found in the raid
suggested at least 20,000 members.

Threats to the republic

According to the Anatolia news agency, the authorities believe
those arrested in the last few weeks wanted to establish a
Kurdish Islamic state. The allegation combines two elements
which the Turkish military have identified as the greatest
threat to the republic - Kurdish separatism and radical Islam.

The south east is the poorest region in the country and the most
socially conservative. Central rule from Ankara has never been
fully accepted.

It may be no coincidence that the announcement of the arrests
comes less than three weeks before Turkey holds general and
local elections.

Many people in the south east are planning to vote for
pro-Kurdish or pro-Islamist parties and the authorities may want
to put them off.


Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 11:33:04 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Nato: 'Iraq Helped Serbs'

Nato: 'Iraq Helped Serbs'

BBC World: Europe
Wednesday, March 31, 1999 Published at 13:50 GMT 14:50 UK

The Yugoslav military has taken lessons from Iraq in how to
shoot down enemy aircraft, according to Nato.

General Sir Charles Guthrie, chief of UK defence staff, told a
news conference that Baghdad and Belgrade had seen a "continuous
two-way flow of military and defence industry delegations,
discussing primarily Iraqi military requirements".
"Earlier this month, a Serbian delegation toured Iraqi air
defence sites, no doubt to learn how to down allied aircraft,"
Gen Guthrie said.

"We have seen some of these Iraqi tactics put into place over

"All of this adds up to a close relationship between Saddam and
Milosevic," Gen Guthrie concluded.

BBC Baghdad Correspondent Richard Downes confirmed that an
18-strong Yugoslav delegation had visited Baghdad as guests of
the Iraqi Government in early March.

They said they were visiting for "business", but refused to
disclose any further details when questioned about the precise
nature of the business.

Warning to Iraq

Last week the US Assistant Secretary of State, Martin Indyk,
warned the Iraqis not to try and take advantage of Nato's
engagement in the Balkans.

Mr Indyk said the Kosovo crisis would not stop the US from
dealing with any challenge from Baghdad, which has vowed to defy
the US-imposed air exclusion zones over Iraq.


End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 1 Apr 1999 to 2 Apr 1999