Date: Apr 3, 1999 [ 9: 47: 41]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 2 Apr 1999 to 3 Apr 1999 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 2 Apr 1999 to 3 Apr 1999 - Special issue
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There are 24 messages totalling 1237 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Iran Making Human Rights Progress
2. Iranians Spend Day Out at Green Areas
3. Kharrazi, Counterparts, Laraki Exchange Views on K
4. Iranian DY FM Calls on Russia to Help Check Kosovo
5. OIC Ministers May Meet to Discuss Kosovo Crisis
6. Annan Says He Is Following Up Kosovo Crisis
7. Top Iranian Cleric Condemns both Serbs and NATO
8. Russian Mnister Says Moscow Firm in Cooperation wi
9. Kosovo Crisis Results from Arrogant Policies
10. UN Population Fund Awards Dr. Marandi of Iran
11. 2nd Math Seminar Held
12. `Iran Day' Festival Opens in Tokyo
13. Tens of Iranians Attend Iran Day Festival
14. Tajik Moslem walks 4,000 km for pilgrimage - paper
15. Taskhiri Calls for Establishment of Islamic Common
16. 10 More Iranian Pilgrims Die in Holy Mecca
17. Oil Rally Suffers a Setback
18. Mysterious America
19. Student Who Flunked Sues Law School
20. World Cup Free-Style Wrestling Tournament Schedule
21. Velayati: Iran's Policy Based on Expansion of Ties
22. Iran Daily Prints Part of Message from Ex-Empress
23. Iran Court Lays Charges Against Liberal Cleric
24. UAE Starts Naval War Games in Gulf with U.S.


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:44:28 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran Making Human Rights Progress

Iran Making Human Rights Progress

Thursday, April 1, 1999; 9:30 p.m. EST

GENEVA (AP) -- The Iranian government is making progress toward
building a more ``tolerant society'' that recognizes human
rights, a U.N. expert said today.

However, the Islamic nation should remain under special scrutiny
at the U.N. Human Rights Commission for at least another year
because improvements are not extensive enough, said Maurice
Danby Copithorne, the U.N. special investigator on Iran.

Copithorne, a Canadian lawyer, cited the killings of prominent
dissident writers at the end of last year as an example of the
``unanswered questions'' about the regime.

He urged the Iranian government to speed up prosecutions of
those suspected of the slayings, including intelligence ministry

The killings were part of a wave of violence, triggered by the
intensified power struggle between supporters of hard-liners and
moderates backing President Mohammad Khatami.

Copithorne spoke to journalists before presenting his report on
Iran to the 53-nation human rights commission. His 26-page
report said that women and members of the Baha'i faith continued
to suffer violations.

Despite the problems, Copithorne praised Khatami for trying to
``create a more tolerant society in which the rule of law plays
a part and which generally recognizes human rights to a
considerable degree greater than in the past.''

However, he said that it was likely to be an uphill struggle and
would take years before real results appeared.

Angry that it remains under the commission's special scrutiny
along with Iraq and Sudan, the Iranian government didn't invite
Copithorne to visit the country.

The report was compiled from discussions with the authorities
and other groups in the United States and Geneva.

© Copyright 1999 The Associated Press


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:44:32 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iranians Spend Day Out at Green Areas

Iranians Spend Day Out at Green Areas

thr 015
iranians spend day out at green areas
tehran, april 2, irna -- people throughout iran spend today,
'sizdebedar', marking the 13th day of the new year, at green areas
outside their homes.
sizdebedar, also called the day of nature, is the day of
friendship with nature and shows the importance the iranian people
throughout history have attached to the environment. bg/ks
::irna 02/04/99 14:04


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:44:42 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kharrazi, Counterparts, Laraki Exchange Views on K

Kharrazi, Counterparts, Laraki Exchange Views on Kosovo Crisis

thr 001
kharrazi, counterparts, laraki exchange views on kosovo crisis
tehran, april 2, irna -- foreign minister kamal kharrazi in telephone
contacts with secretary-general of the organization of the islamic
conference (oic) azeddine laraki and foreign ministers of the contact
group member countries both on wednesday and thursday explored ways
and means of tackling the kosovo crisis.
kharrazi's contacts with laraki as well as foreign ministers of
egypt amr muhammad moussa, of morocco abd al-latif filali, of
pakistan sartaj aziz, of qatar sheikh hamad bin jasim bin jaber ath-
thani and of turkey ismail cem came following president mohammad
khatami's message to muslim heads of state on the kosovo crisis.
the negotiating parties in the contacts expressed deep regret
over the human catastrophe and the tyranny on kosovar muslims and
over spread of the crisis to other countries in the region.
they agreed that the muslim countries' contact group would build
up its efforts to find a political solution to the crisis.
meanwhile, in another phone conversation on thursday kharrazi
told his british counterpart robin cook that nato's military
operation lacks any permission on the side of the security council
and the nato attacks have failed to prevent spread of the crisis in
kharrazi underlined continued diplomatic efforts to tackle the
crisis. he said the oic is ready to strive to help end the crisis.
thanking the oic efforts to persuade belgrade to observe basic
rights of kosovar muslims, cook stressed continued attacks by the nato
forces until halting belgrade's attacks on albanian kosovars and
guaranteeing security of the refugees.
::irna 02/04/99 10:35


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:45:08 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iranian DY FM Calls on Russia to Help Check Kosovo

Iranian DY FM Calls on Russia to Help Check Kosovo Crisis

thr 002
iranian dy fm calls on russia to help check kosovo crisis
moscow, april 2, irna -- the visiting iranian deputy foreign
minister morteza sarmadi told russian foreign minister igor ivanov
here on thursday that russia's influence in the region and on belgrade
can ease the increasing pressure on kosovar muslims.
sarmadi, submitting a message from foreign minister kamal kharrazi
to ivanov, said that the growing number of albanian refugees and
violation of kosovar people's rights had prompted the concern of the
world of islam.
he said the nato military operations launched without getting the
security council's consent had made the situation in kosovo further
he expressed hope that ivanov during his forthcoming visit to
iran would be capable of preparing the ground for expansion of
bilateral relations at the regional and international levels.
ivanov said for his part that his country wants the return home
of all the albanian kosovar muslims and considers one-sided military
operations of nato a prelude to violation of international
he said the kosovo crisis can not be solved through a military
formulae and use of force means escalation of the crisis.
he said that iran and russia can take giant steps for regional
meanwhile, in a meeting with chairman of the communist party of
the russian federation gennadi zyuganov here on thursday sarmadi
repeated his plea for russia's using its influence in the region and
encouraging the serbs to solve the kosovo crisis peacefully.
sarmadi voiced concern of the world of islam, especially that of
iran as the oic chairman, over the crisis and said the wrong and
extremist policies of the belgrade government had allowed nato's
military intervention in yugoslavia.
zyuganov said for his part that nato's invasion against yugoslavia
was in line with the strategic programs of the u.s. aimed at
dominating the world and establishing its desired order.
he said the u.s. policy is based on fanning religious and racial
differences as is evident in kosovo.
sarmadi had before his departure met the chairman of the duma
committee for security viktor ilyukhin as well.
::irna 02/04/99 10:42


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:44:54 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: OIC Ministers May Meet to Discuss Kosovo Crisis

OIC Ministers May Meet to Discuss Kosovo Crisis
08:00 a.m. Apr 02, 1999 Eastern
KUALA LUMPUR, April 2 (Bernama) - The Organisation of Islamic
Conference (OIC) may hold a ministerial-level meeting soon to
k a political solution to the crisis in Kosovo, Malaysian
Foreign Minister Syed Hamid Albar said on Friday.

Syed Hamid said he spoke to his Iranian counterpart on Friday on
the deteriorating situation in the troubled southern Serbian
province. Iran is the chairman of the 55-member OIC.

``We have agreed that the ministerial-level meeting should be
held as soon as possible...on the best ways to achieve a
political solution and bring an end to the tragedy in Kosovo,''
Syed Hamid was quoted by the national Bernama news agency as

Iran's President Mohammad Khatami this week sent a message to
OIC member states urging them to work to prevent further
killings of ethnic Albanian Moslems in Kosovo.

Syed Hamid said Malaysia was gravely concerned at the worsening
situation on the ground in Kosovo from the continued refusal by
Belgrade to seriously search for a political solution.

He said while Malaysia saw that urgent action was needed, it
hoped the UN Security Council would be allowed ultimately to
address the issue and take appropriate action.

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:45:16 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Annan Says He Is Following Up Kosovo Crisis

Annan Says He Is Following Up Kosovo Crisis

thr 004
annan says he is following up kosovo crisis
new york, april 2, irna -- the united nations secretary-general kofi
annan said on thursday he is in touch with north atlantic treaty
organization (nato) secretary-general solana and with the foreign
minister of norway who heads the organization for security and
cooperation in europe (osce) on what should be done in kosovo.
in his remarks to the press upon his arrival at the headquarters,
annan said the united nations high commissioner for refugees (unhcr)
is trying to get supplies to assist the kosovar refugees.
asked about missing of the three nato soldiers in macedonia, annan
said, "i am sorry for them. i know that nato is very much concerned
about this and is doing all that it can to track them down."
answering a question on whether or not he is confident the
lockerbie suspects will be turned over, the secretary-general said,
"we are still hoping that they will be turned over. i think we have
done lots of work and i believe that there are signs that everybody is
acting in good faith and that they will be turned over." ss/ks
::irna 02/04/99 10:44


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:48:22 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Top Iranian Cleric Condemns both Serbs and NATO

Top Iranian Cleric Condemns both Serbs and NATO

TEHRAN, April 2 (Reuters) - A senior Iranian cleric on Friday
denounced Serbian brutality against Moslems in Kosovo but said
NATO strikes on Yugoslavia were aimed only at boosting U.S.

"The Serbs are truly oppressive and someone must put an end to
this tyranny," former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani said in
a sermon at Tehran's Friday prayers, carried on state radio.

But he denounced punitive NATO air strikes against Yugoslavia as
dangerous and designed to boost U.S. dominance.

"There is no goodwill...This is Europe's eastern gate and NATO
considers this as its own territory," said Rafsanjani, who heads
the Expediency Council, a key political arbitration body.

"The danger is that Moslems will get nothing. This is a wrong
move that derives from a position of arrogance, with the excuse
of protecting the oppressed," he said.
Iran, which currently chairs the 55-member Organisation of the
Islamic Conference (OIC), has called for negotiations to end the
killings and expulsion of Moslem ethnic Albanians from Kosovo.

Iran's Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi discussed the crisis by
phone on Thursday with his counterparts from an OIC contact
group including Egypt, Morocco, Pakistan, Qatar and Turkey. He
also spoke to OIC Secretary-General Azeddine Laraki.

The ministers "expressed deep concern over the human catastrophe
and the tyranny on Kosovo Moslems and over the spread of the
crisis to other countries in the region," the Iranian news
agency IRNA reported on Friday.

"They agreed that the (OIC) contact group would build up its
efforts to find a political solution to the crisis," it said.

Kharrazi also told British Foreign Secretary Robin Cook by phone
on Thursday the raids were without Unok by phone
on Thursday the raids were without United Nations approval and
had failed to prevent the spread of the crisis, IRNA said.

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:48:04 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Russian Mnister Says Moscow Firm in Cooperation wi

Russian Mnister Says Moscow Firm in Cooperation with Iran

thr 020

russian minister says moscow firm in cooperation with iran
moscow, april 2, irna -- russia fulfills all its commitments
against iran and there is no difference between the two concerning
the joint venture establishment of a nuclear power plant in boushehr.
russian atomic energy minister yevegeny adamov in an interview
with reporters here on friday ruled aside rumors that russia might
rethink on its cooperation with iran for establishment of the power
plant and said the two countries stress on continuation of their
cooperation in the area and there is no difference between the two
concerning the subject.
he rejected his deputy and former nuclear energy minister of
russia, viktor n. mikhailov's remarks that moscow might rethink on its
nuclear cooperation with iran and said such remarks result from the
official's failure to develop the project during his tenure.
last week, mikhailov had questioned nuclear cooperation between
iran and russia and called it a ballyhoo for nothing.
adamov said his deputy's remarks is fully personal and can not
represent stances of russian nuclear energy ministry vis-a-vis
cooperation with iran.
he also ruled out rumors that u.s. had persuaded his country to
halt cooperation with iran and said cooperation between tehran and
moscow goes on well.
russia would continue cooperating with iran to establish boushehr
power plant, he emphasized.
he said that one of his deputies would soon visit iran to
supervise joint venture activities in boushehr power plant.
he stressed that cooperation between iran and russia is fully
::irna 02/04/99 17:46


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:48:46 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kosovo Crisis Results from Arrogant Policies

Kosovo Crisis Results from Arrogant Policies

thr 017
ayat. rafsanjani: kosovo crisis results from arrogant policies
tehran, april 2, irna -- "kosovo crisis and displacement of hundreds
of thousand kosovar muslims are the consequences of indecent political
acts of the arrogance engineered under the pretext of uprooting
tyranny and supporting the world oppressed," provisional friday
prayers leader of tehran ayatollah akbar hashemi rafsanjani said here
on friday.
"no gram of goodwill can be observed in nato's actions as it has
continued to overlook numerous cases of tyranny worldwide," ayatollah
rafsanjani, who is also expediency council chairman.
the ayatollah criticized serbs for their atrocities and horrendous
crimes against muslims as was evident during bosnian war.
"muslims worldwide were maltreated over half a past century and
such a trend should be checked," said the expediency council head.
he called for casting a realistic look at the kosovo crisis, which
`might entail dangerous events'.
"if any action needs to be taken, it should be based on specific
norms and a set of frameworks," rafsanjani pointed out.
"and that no power or a country with military might should allow
itself to intervene in other countries' affairs under any and all
possible pretexts," added the ayatollah.
he blasted the veto right as a `tyrannical' device, which allows
mere five countries to reverse the decisions, made in other countries,
through a single ruling.
referring to the new year message of the supreme leader of islamic
revolution ayatollah ali khamenei and his speech in provinces of
khorasan and khuzestan, ayatollah rafsanjani said in his second sermon
that his eminence had raised good policies and there is hope that
would be headed by all decision makers.
"true, oil price has considerably improved and it can be considered
as a good sign which is a pointer to the need for cooperation among
the organization of petroleum exporting countries (opec)," deduced
"had the opec members and muslims cooperated with each other they
would not have suffered and that usd 100 billion worth of their wealth
would not have been plundered by arrogant industrial states," said
the substitute friday prayer leader expressed optimism that "the
recent decision of the opec members would continue to prevail and
that minor differences would not be a hinderance to the interests of
member countries".
the provisional friday prayers leader of tehran then switched his
remarks to this year's hajj and thanked `brother' country, saudi
arabia, for its sincere cooperation with iran in hosting this year's
hajj in the best possible manner.
touching on farvardin 12 (april 1), marking anniversary of the
islamic republic's establishment in iran i
n 1979 through overwhelming
majority of votes case in its favor in that year's referendum,
rafsanjani hailed the day an important day in history of islam when
nearly 99 percent of people voted in favor of the islamic
"there are certain group who claim that in the time of referendum
iranian people were not aware, there was no opposition force or people
were not abreast of daily political affairs," said rafsanjani.
the ayatollah considered such an attitude `an insult to the people
who toppled pahlavi regime'.
"people gave give true votes ... considering the era filled with
uproar or unrest, if the islamic government did not exist country's
situation would be worse than the situation in afghanistan today,"
warned rafsanjani.
he said people, especially the youth, should appreciate
achievements of the islamic revolution.
ayatollah rafsanjani congratulated muslims on auspicious feasts of
eid ul-adha (sacrifice) and of hadir khom as well as on the birth
anniversary of the tenth imam of prophet mohammad's (peace be upon him
and his progeny) infallible household hazrat hadi ali al-naqi (a.s.).
turning to nowrouz traditions, he said: "islam is not against
any tradition that breeds no harm to the society and that the
islamic sovereign state observes such norms of practices."
"however, islam is thoroughly against any tradition that has a
touch of idolatrousness and superstitiousness," he concluded.
::irna 02/04/99 17:08


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:49:28 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: UN Population Fund Awards Dr. Marandi of Iran

UN Population Fund Awards Dr. Marandi of Iran

thr 005
un population fund awards dr. marandi of iran
new york, april 2, irna -- the united nations population fund (unfpa)
on thursday introduced former iranian minister of health and medical
education dr. alireza marandi as winner of the yearly award for his
services on national population programs in iran.
the unfpa's award committee introduces one personality and one
agency as winners every year for their contribution to the national
population programs. the award indicates the success of the respective
country in implementing the national programs.
vietnam's national committee for population and family planning
was the agency that won the reward too.
the achievements of the islamic republic of iran in carrying out
national population programs in the last decade have been appreciated
by the united nations respective agencies especially the unfpa which
led to winning the award.
dr. marandi has been introduced by the iranian government to the
unfpa award committee for his meritorious services in this respect.
iran's permanent representative to the united nations hadi nejad
hosseinian on thursday attended the secretariat of the unfpa award
committee and thanked the unfpa executive director nafis sadiq and
her colleagues for awarding dr. marandi.
in his address to the members of the committee which included
representatives of 10 states, nejad hosseinian said the committee's
vote today is in fact honoring the hard works of the former health
minister whose service in carrying out national population program
contributed a lot to the national welfare.
nejad hosseinian recommended that the other developing nations
would make use of iran's experience in national population programs.
he said putting into practice national population program in the
islamic republic of iran which is a religious state is the outcome
of scientific studies and of high significance.
the iranian ambassador appreciated the unfpa contribution to the
national programs in iran.
the ceremony to award dr. marandi and the vietnamese agency will
be held at the united nations in new york on june 9 in the presence of
the un secretary-general kofi annan.
::irna 02/04/99 10:46


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:49:54 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: 2nd Math Seminar Held

2nd Math Seminar Held

thr 016
2nd math seminar held
tehran, april 2, irna -- the second mathematics seminar and 23rd
national math contest of university students were held here at
sharif industrial university from march 29 to april 1.
more than 1,000 math students from 24 universities and higher
education institutions had taken part at the seminar. the goal behind
its organization was to brief the participants on latest in the branch
of science in order to upgrade their scientific awareness on threshold
of the world math day in the year 2000.
inauguration of the meetings coincided with the first death
anniversary of seven top math students.
chancellor of math faculty at the university and secretary of the
seminar bijan zohuri zanganeh said 45 essays on algebra, analysis,
math logic, geometry and theory of figures had been presented at the
seminar by b.s., m.s. and ph.d. students.
seven of those presenting the best essn of those presenting the best
essays and seven of those
winning the math contest were awarded at the end.
::irna 02/04/99 16:05


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:49:42 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: `Iran Day' Festival Opens in Tokyo

`Iran Day' Festival Opens in Tokyo

thr 012
`iran day' festival opens in tokyo
tokyo, april 2, irna -- the 'iran day' festival was inaugurated here
on friday with an aim to introduce part of the iranian-islamic
culture and civilization to the audience.
a fair has been set up on the sideline of the festival where
iranian handicrafts and costumes are on show and its dishes are
sold. films on iran's tourist attractions are also shown at the fair.
the festival, which is being held for the third consecutive time
within a period of three years in japan, is coupled with such
peripheral programs as chorus songs, performance of pieces of iranian
traditional music and sale of books either in persian or japanese
the festival, held at iranian embassy here, is co-sponsored
by the japan-based iranian institutions and traders.
::irna 02/04/99 12:59


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:50:06 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Tens of Iranians Attend Iran Day Festival

Tens of Iranians Attend Iran Day Festival

thr 023
tens of iranians attend iran day festival
tens of iranians attend iran day festival
tokyo, april 2, irna -- tens of iranians residing in japan took part
at 'iran day' festival concurrent with 'sizdebedar' tradition on
sizdebedar, known as day of nature in iran, marks the 13th day
of the new year in the country.
the festival, which was inaugurated here on friday, is held in
japanese metropolis for the third consecutive year to introduce part
of islamic-iranian culture and civilization.
::irna 02/04/99 19:13


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:50:44 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Tajik Moslem walks 4,000 km for pilgrimage - paper

Tajik Moslem walks 4,000 km for pilgrimage - paper

April 1, 1999
Web posted at: 10:06 PM EST (0306 GMT)

RIYADH (Reuters) -- A Tajik Moslem pilgrim said he walked 4,000
km (2,500 miles) to perform this year's haj pilgrimage in Saudi
Arabia, a newspaper reported on Thursday.

Mohammad Razeq, who joined 1.7 million other Moslems entering
Saudi Arabia to perform this year's ritual which ended on
Monday, said his four-month journey had taken him across Central
Asia, Iran and Iraq.

"At present, the journey to haj has become very easy and
fearless," the English-language Arab Times quoted Razeq as
telling another Saudi paper.

Most of the one million pilgrims who arrived from abroad flew
into Saudi Arabia. The remaining 700,000 were Saudi citizens or
foreign residents in the kingdom.

Razeq said he made the journey on foot to show Moslems were
prepared to maurney on foot to show Moslems were
prepared to maurney on foot to show Moslems were
prepared to maurney on foot to show Moslems were
prepared to maurney on foot to show Moslems were
prepared to maurney on foot to show Moslems were
prepared to make "any sacrifice and dedication for the cause of
the their religion."

Copyright 1999 Reuters.


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:50:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Taskhiri Calls for Establishment of Islamic Common

Taskhiri Calls for Establishment of Islamic Common Market

thr 007
s. arabia-iran-taskhiri
taskhiri calls for establishment of islamic common market
holy mecca, april 2, irna -- head of the islamic culture and
communication organization (icco) hojatoleslam mohammad-ali taskhiri
said here that establishment of an islamic common market is necessary
and muslim nations should give a positive response to the move by
the organization of the islamic conference (oic).
taskhiri said that muslims are a single nation from the viewpoint
of islam and should share their resources and assets.
he said that although economic unity in the islamic community is
highly essential but muslims have unfortunately been subject to harsh
economic discriminations in state revenues and living standards
of the ummah.
::irna 02/04/99 10:57


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:50:54 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: 10 More Iranian Pilgrims Die in Holy Mecca

10 More Iranian Pilgrims Die in Holy Mecca

thr 014
s. arabia-iran-pilgrims
10 more iranian pilgrims die in holy mecca
holy mecca, april 2, irna -- 10 more iranian pilgrims to the house of
god died in holy mecca over the past two days, said head of the
welfare and incidents unit at the mecca-based hajj headquarters hamid
reza attar.
the group included five men and five women, said attar, adding
that 54 iranian pilgrims have died in mecca and six in medina so far.
most of the pilgrims who passed away were above 60 years of age, he
he said that number of pilgrims who died in this year's hajj
increased by about 20 percent. also a 200 percent rise was registered
in number of those killed in the wake of accidents this year compared
to last year, he added.
he cited carelessness of pilgrims in crossing streets as the
reason for the incidents.
::irna 02/04/99 13:17


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:51:10 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Oil Rally Suffers a Setback

Oil Rally Suffers a Setback

Brent crude skids 58 cents in London as traders cash in on
recent run-up

April 1, 1999: 10:17 a.m. ET

LONDON (CNNfn) - A six-week recovery in world oil prices
sputtered Thursday as benchmark Brent skidded 59 cents on
profit taking triggered by Wednesday's run-up to above $15 a
International Brent crude for May delivery was trading sharply
down at $14.65, well below Wednesday's 10-month closing high of
$15.24, and off the intraday high of $14.74.
The setback came just 10 days after members of the Organization
of Petroleum Exporting Countries, the world oil cartel, agreed
on stringent new export controls aimed at raising oil prices
from their lowest levels in more than two decades.
The landmark pact involving OPEC and non-OPEC members Oman,
Norway, Russia and Mexico, calls for the removal of 2.1 million
barrels of oil from daily production to pare glutted worldwide
OPEC has pledged to cut 1.7 million barrels a day. The pact
took effect Thursday and is due to remain in force for one
The cartel is eager to avoid a reprise of the historic sub-$10
a barrel lows that sliced into their profits. OPEC has seen an
estimated $50 billion in profits wiped out by the 14-month oil
That goal got a welcome boost Thursday from Iran's announcement
that it is cutting oil supplies to its European and Asian
clients by 15 percent in April. Iran has pledged to cut nearly
570,000 barrels a day out of 3.9 million under the new export
regime, Reuters reported.
Analysts say it will be some time before the cutbacks produce a
tangible recovery in prices. They contend prices aren't likely
to rise significantly until late summer or fall, the earliest
time at which bloated supplies will be drawn down enough to
have an impact on prices.
Others warn that a lack of discipline could foil the latest
Last year, two previous reduction efforts foundered on
compliance problems.
Oil shares were mixed in afternoon European trading Thursday.
In Paris, Total (PFP) lost 1.84 percent to 112 euros, while Elf
Aquitaine (PAQ) gave up 1.51 percent to 123.9 euros.
U.K.-based Shell (SHEL) bounced into the black, trading up ¼
pence, or 0.06 percent at 417-1/2 pence. BP Amoco (BPA)
retreated 18-1/2 pence to 1,030, a 1.76 percent pullback after
unveiling plans to acquire Atlantic Richfield in a $26.8
billion all-stock deal. The combination will create the world's
second-largest corporate oil company, behind Exxon-Mobil.

Copyright © 1999 CNN America, Inc.


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:52:16 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Mysterious America

Mysterious America

by Daniel Pipes
Thursday, April 01, 1999
Comments: 45 posts

The German weekly Der Spiegel states, ever before in modern
history has a countr“Never before in modern
history has a country so dominated the earth so totally as the
United States does today." Looking back even further, columnist
Charles Krauthammer wrote recently in The New Republic that the
United States he most do“the most dominant power relative to its rivals
that the world has seen since the Roman empire.”

Actually, they are understating the case: The United States
enjoys a might without precedent in human history. This country
spends an order of magnitude more on its forces than any other.
The U.S. is the only participant in the evolution in military
af“revolution in military
affairs,” giving it whole classes of weaponry (such as stealthy
planes) beyond the competence of others, and it has a force
projection that extends to nearly the entire globe. No state can
contest it in conventional or non-conventional terms.

One might think that this muscle simplifies America’s strategic
landscape for, in theory anyway, the United States can on its
own take on virtually any task without help from anyone. It can
get rid of Saddam Hussein in Iraq, destroy the North Korean
arsenal or even contain Chinese ambitions. Such niceties as
United Nations endorsement, troops from Europe, money from
Japan, or bases from Saudi Arabia are helpful but not necessary.

A murky reality

Well, that is the theory, anyway. And were Seattle to be
invaded, it would be fact; in an emergency, Americans would
again be of one mind and our power would no doubt win out. But
in the meantime, with the use of force always optional,
Americans tend to be enormously divided among themselves.
Everything is now voluntary: Do we wish to be global policeman
or withdraw into a shell? Get involved (as in Kosovo) to save
lives or adopt a strict standard of national interests? We can
do pretty much what we like. And sometimes that is not very

The reality partly reflects the age-old divide between those who
see the United States as a light unto the nations and those who
would have it setting its own house in order. It also reflects
the yawning liberal-conservative gulf that emerged at the time
of the Vietnam War. And the absence of a Soviet-American great
game makes each issue that much more difficult to decide. Angola
and Afghanistan fit into a global chess game, but Haiti and
Bosnia are self-contained.
Our current behavior patterns reflect the peculiar American
habit of capping victory abroad by rushing home. We did this
after the World Wars I and II, then stayed true to form after
the Cold War. Following the Soviet implosion we chose not to
create an empire but to reduce military spending, not to
dominate our neighbors but to increase trade with them (NAFTA),
not to start foreign adventures but to fix the chronic problems
of American life -- the race problem or the tax system.
Americans spend money on arms with reluctance and send troops
abroad with deep misgivings.

Most of all, the end of war always allows us the chance to
engage in some Constitution-sanctioned pursuit of happiness
(Roaring ’20s, Booming ’50s). In the ’90s we surf the Internet,
explore new sexual identities and follow the Dow index. It seems
that the national mission is to perfect our tennis backhand or
mix the ultimate barbecue sauce -- certainly not making the
world safe for democracy. We would rather defeat a rival sports
team than Castro or Saddam.

So, while objective indices point to unparalleled American
power, subjective realities paint a much murkier picture of
confusion, insularity and reluctance.

The projection problem
All of which utterly baffles the outside world. Non-Americans,
whether as near and dear as Canadians or as remote as North
Koreans, cannot fathom and do not quite trust the apparent
self-absorption of Americans. Even our closest allies (not to
speak of more than a few alienated Americans) read the seeming
American lack of interest in overseas expansion as a ploy.

They hunt to interpret the real agenda, locate the underlying
imperial motives, unmask the hidden conspiracy. Their fevered
imaginations allow them to see international institutions -- the
Security Council, International Monetary Fund, World Bank --
turning into pawns of American hegemony. They take President
Bush’s one-time remark about a ew world order” -- a d“new world order”
-- a dimly
conceived, anodyne notion about politics after the Cold War,
lacking any operational importance -- and trumpet it as an
ominous and programmatic lifting of the veil.

This suspiciousness usually reveals what psychologists call
projection: Foreigners assume Americans are doing what they
would do with our power -- impose their will on others. They
imagine that the United States, finding themselves in the
catbird seat would act like they would: Expand territorially,
build spheres of influence and create exclusive trade zones.
They cannot believe that the United States is not doing the same
as they would.

Americans tend to laugh off such misinterpretations, dismissing
them as insignificant blather. Blather yes, but not
insignificant. This outlook goes far to explain why the Russian
Parliament fears an American takeover of their country, why the
Arab treet” believe“street” believes in an American conspiracy against
and why Japan’s media blame Americans for its economic troubles.

Every last rogue regime (North Korea, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Sudan,
Libya, Cuba) bases its propaganda on an aggressive American
plot; they do so because this approach offers their best chance
of winning international sympathy. Fidel Castro and Saddam
Hussein have gone so far as to make this their main shield
against the United States.

America first

This pervasive suspiciousness matters in another way, too: The
opinion of non-Americans about America affects American actions.
A review of events since 1990 suggests that what makes or breaks
American willingness to take action abroad has relatively little
to do with national interests (such as preventing an enemy from
being acquiring weapons of mass destruction) or the popularity
of a cause. Instead, it reflects foreign support. Without the
endorsement of the U.N., Europe, Japan, Saudi Arabia and others,
Americans find it nearly impossible to deploy forces abroad.
That explains the persistent emphasis in Washington on Security
Council or NATO resolutions; we lack the resolve to make
unilateral decisions, even if our power entitles us to do so.

Foreign opinion has a strangely important role in American
policy, rousing Americans to action or damping it. Take a
specific case -- ousting Saddam.

Americans will dispose of this monster only if they find plenty
of friendly faces abroad. Things would be very different if
American initiatives won an automatic and enthusiastic majority
at the General Assembly of the United Nations, or if allies
could be counted on to provide moral and material support for
American efforts. If only the Canadians cooperated with us on
Cuba, the Japanese on North Korea, the French on Iraq and the
Germans on Iran.

Thus does the deep suspicion and wide hostility that much of the
world harbors toward the United States have an enormous impact,
serving as a brake on American actions abroad. In theory, if the
outside world should have little impact on American decision
making, instead, it in fact defines much of America’s strategic

For the United States to pursue an active and successful foreign
and security policy, it must convey its purposes and goals to
others around the world, rather than letting the rest of the
world dictate our goals. This will not be easy, particularly
because it means getting away from conventional policy
discussions about throw-weights and trade balances, and instead
conveying the spirit of what it means to be an American i.e.
living well and leaving others to go their own way. Only when
the rest of the world better comprehends our utterly mysterious
country will we again have a successful foreign policy.

Daniel Pipes is director of the Middle East Forum and author of
Conspiracy: How the Paranoid Style Flourishes, and Where It
Comes From (Free Press).


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:52:30 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Student Who Flunked Sues Law School

Student Who Flunked Sues Law School

COURTS: The suit faults Western State for admitting the woman
despite low test scores and language difficulties.

April 1, 1999

The Orange County Register

SANTA ANA — A former Western State University School of Law
student is suing the school because she said they should have
known she'd flunk out. Roya Saghafi, 45, of Redondo Beach, was
admitted by Western State in 1991 with an LSAT score in the 22nd
percentile and limited English-speaking skills.

Attorney Brian Dobrin says Saghafi expressed concerns about her
inability to compete — even though she holds an engineering
degree from her native country of Iran — but the law school
reassured her that she could make it.

"They spoke to her face to face, and they knew of her poor
English skills," said Dobrin, a Los Angeles attorney who filed
the case in Orange County Superior Court on Monday. The lawsuit
says the school, located in Fullerton, committed fraud by making
false promises, concealing the low success rate of students with
low LSAT scores and admitting students for their tuition.
An internal document shows that the law school predicts just a
10 percent success rate for students with such low LSAT scores,
the lawsuit alleges.

A similar case was filed in February by former student Gregory
Fu'qua, who said he enrolled in 1997 after Western State
officials assured him he would get academic help through a
program designed for struggling students.

School officials declined to comment, saying they have not
reviewed the specifics in Saghafi's case.

Western State received provisional accreditation from the
American Bar Association last August, which required the school
to raise standards in curriculum, entrance requirements, grading
policies, professors' credentials, quality of law library and
finances. At the time of Saghafi's enrollment, the school was
accredited by the California State Bar.

Copyright 1999 The Orange County Register


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:49:36 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: World Cup Free-Style Wrestling Tournament Schedule

World Cup Free-Style Wrestling Tournament Schedule Changed

thr 009
spokane-99 world cup free-style wrestling tournament schedule changed
spokane, washington, april 2, irna -- the spokane 99 world cup
free-style wrestling tournament's program has changed in iran's favor
on the country's request in view of russia's absence in the contest.
under the new schedule iran would face canada instead of cuba
on the first day of the competitions on friday.
based on the schedule germany would compete with the u.s., canada
with iran, germany with iran, the u.s. with cuba and canada with
cuba on the first day of the tournament.
reports released from this city of the washington state indicate
that everything is ready for the competition on friday with balancing
of all the five participant countries' wrestlers under the
international wrestling federation's (fila) supervision on thursday.
nine international referees, including five from the u.s., two
from iran, one from canada and one from germany, are to judge the
::irna 02/04/99 12:06


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 19:49:18 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Velayati: Iran's Policy Based on Expansion of Ties

Velayati: Iran's Policy Based on Expansion of Ties with Muslims

thr 011
velayati: iran's policy based on expansion of ties with muslims
tehran, april 2, irna -- the supreme leader's advisor on international
affairs ali akbar velayati told qatari satellite tv network on
thursday that expansion of relations with muslim countries is among
principles of iran's foreign policy.
velayati, also former iranian foreign minister, said that defense
of muslims' rights at the international circles has been among
principles of iranian foreign policy after triumph of the 1979 islamic
revolution and due to this very reason the islamic revolution has a
special status in iran's contemporary history, in the world of islam
and in the third world.
asked whether defense of islam means intervention in others'
internal affairs, velayati said that iran tries to follow up a
sound policy that would tighten ranks of muslims without interfering
in internal affairs of any country.
he said that iran had in the war imposed on it by iraq (1980-88)
stood the enemy to defend its territory and no ihad no intention to

invade or occupy iraq.
asked whether iran intended to topple the iraqi regime during its
war with that country, velayati said to uproot the invasion such an
intention seemed natural and once the war ended iran's policy changed
into reconciliation with iraq because attempts to topple iraq would be
in contradiction with the principle of non-intervention in others'
internal affairs.
the iraqi invasion against iran was aimed at undermining
the islamic revolution and no other reason can be found for the
move, said velayati, concluding that hence, iran's defense was defense
of islam.
asked whether iran's policy of defending its interests
contradicted with its defense of islam and if so which one was given
preference, velayati said that iranian offen
preference, velayati said that iranian officials believe that since
the earliest century of islamic history iran used to serve as a base
for islamic civilization because there has been no other country to
serve islam as iran does.
iran has since 1979 been turned into a base for confrontation
against muslims' enemies and greedy powers who invade muslims'
lands and plunder their assets, said velayati, adding that iran used
to support unity among shias and sunnis.
there have been no country (like iran) to defend islamic rules
and stand cultural onslaughts of foreigners, continued velayati.
he said that father of islamic revolution and founder of the
islamic republic the late imam khomeini tried to safeguard the dignity
of islam against foreigners either in their presence or absence.
imam khomeini, he added, was the first muslim leader to stand
global powers and defend dignity and majesty of islam.
asked whether iran-saudi relations would turn strategic, velayati
said that if the two countries' relations improve in future it would
be likely that the two would follow common strategic goals because
saudi arabia is a big muslim state.
iran and saudi arabia, concluded velayati, might differ on
certain issues but share many commonalties and there is the
possibility that their ties would expand.

::irna 02/04/99 12:15


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 21:15:30 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran Daily Prints Part of Message from Ex-Empress

Iran Daily Prints Part of Message from Ex-Empress


TEHRAN, April 3 (Reuters) - An Iranian newspaper published on
Saturday part of a New Year message from the country's former
empress, the first time she has been quoted here since the 1979
Islamic Revolution which toppled her husband, the Shah.

"(Ex-Empress) Farah Diba has sent a New Year message to the
people of Iran. The text was sent to the newspaper by fax,"
wrote the moderate paper Zan, run by Faezeh Hashemi who is the
daughter of former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.

"In the coming third millennium, our ancient Iran will begin a
new glorious period by the efforts of its worthy children," the
paper quoted her as saying.

Iran's press has enjoyed more freedom since the 1997 election of
President Mohammad Khatami. Now, however, reformist newspapers
are coming under growing attack from religious conservatives,
who accuse them of abusing the new atmosphere of greater
Farah Diba and the late Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi left the
country with their family as the 1979 revolution unfolded. The
Shah died in Egypt the following year, and his widow settled in
the United States where she has lived ever since.

The Iranian new year, Nowrouz, began on March 21 and newspapers
were closed for two weeks. Zan's Saturday edition was the first
since the holidays began.

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 21:15:24 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran Court Lays Charges Against Liberal Cleric

Iran Court Lays Charges Against Liberal Cleric


TEHRAN, April 3 (Reuters) - A special Iranian court has formally
charged a liberal cleric detained in February with spreading
false infor
false information and lies about the country's Islamic system,
newspapers reported on Saturday.
They said Mohsen Kadivar, held after writing a series of
articles critical of Iran's ruling clergy, was charged by a
special court for Shi'ite Moslem clerics.

"...(Kadivar) has compared the holy Islamic system with the
(former) imperial regime and has concluded that there has only
been a nominal change from an imperial to an Islamic system,"
the daily Salam quoted the prosecutor as saying in a statement.

The prosecutor accused Kadivar of abusing his clerical garb and
helping the "sworn enemies" of Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution.

Kadivar, a supporter of reformist President Mohammad Khatami,
was arrested on February 27 by the secretive Special Clergy
Court -- a body denounced by many reformists as
unconstitutional. He has asked for a public trial with a jury.

A former senior prosecutor has agreed to defend him. He was
quoted by the paper Aban as saying that his trial would begin
after April 9.

Moderate papers have denounced the arrest by the powerful court
as politically motivated and an attempt to stifle freedom of

But Iran's conservative Chief Justice, Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi,
angrily denied last month that the judiciary was politicised.

"The judiciary has never done any political work until now, nor
does it do so now. It will do its work without paying any
attention to anyone except God, religion and the revolution," he
said in mass prayers in Tehran on March 26.

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.


Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 21:15:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: UAE Starts Naval War Games in Gulf with U.S.

UAE Starts Naval War Games in Gulf with U.S.


DUBAI, April 3 (Reuters) - The United Arab Emirates started
naval exercises with U.S. forces in the Gulf to raise its
fighting ability, the official WAM news agency reported on

"Units from our naval forces and others from the American naval
forces have started exercises in the UAE territorial waters,"
WAM said.

The agency did not say for how long the manoeuvres, code-named
Iron Fist 99, would last.

WAM said earlier that units from British naval forces would also
participate in the exercises.

The UAE has defence cooperation agreements with the United
States, Britain and France.

Tension has increased between the UAE and Iran across the Gulf
in recent months over three strategic islands controlled by Iran
but claimed by both countries.

The UAE earlier this month strongly protested against Iranian
naval exercises near the islands of Abu Musa and the Lesser and
Greater Tunbs, located near shipping lanes close to the mouth of
the Gulf.

The UAE's Gulf Arab allies in the six-member Gulf Cooperation
Council (GCC) also condemned the Iranian manoeuvres as
provocative and urged Tehran to agree to negotiate a peaceful
solution to the dispute.

Iran rejected the GCC condemnation, calling it an intervention
in Iran's internal affairs.

((Gulf newsroom, +971 4 607 1222, fax +971 4 626982,

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.m))

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.m))

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.


End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 2 Apr 1999 to 3 Apr 1999 - Special issue