Date: Apr 4, 1999 [ 23: 21: 5]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 3 Apr 1999 to 4 Apr 1999 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 3 Apr 1999 to 4 Apr 1999 - Special issue
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There are 20 messages totalling 1254 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Huge Explosion at MKO's Main Headquarters in Baghd
2. Sunday Newspaper Headlines
3. Three Publications Receive Warnings in Writing
4. Daily on Tehran's Next Mayor
5. Teheran Very Concerned Over Kosovo Situation-Minis
6. Kharrazi, Annan Discuss Kosovo Crisis over Phone
7. Kharrazi Reviews Kosovo Crisis with Greek, Vatican
8. Kharrazi, Indonesian FMs Discuss Kosovo Crisis on
9. Yugoslav Foreign Minister Sends Message to Iranian
10. THE TRAGEDY OF MUSLIMS IN KOSOVO
11. 3 Articles from 'Iran Daily' on Kosovo Crisis
12. Greek Defence Minister Condemns Milosevic for Ethn
13. Knesset Member Calls on Arab States to Sever Ties
14. Iranian Wrestlers Beat Cuban Rivals Heavily
15. Iran Finishes Runner-up to U.S. at Spokane Tournam
16. US Tops Iran in Wrestling World Cup
17. West Azarbijan Christians Celebrate Easter
18. Source: ELF To Sign Iran Oilfield Deal
19. Move Faster for Better Economy, Says Daily
20. Tracking Arms: a Study in Smoke

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 01:37:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Huge Explosion at MKO's Main Headquarters in Baghd

Huge Explosion at MKO's Main Headquarters in Baghdad
====================================================


thr 038
iraq-mko-blast
huge explosion at mko's main headquarters in baghdad
tehran, april 4, irna -- a giant explosion occurred at the main
headquarters of the terrorist mojahideen khalq organization (mko) west
of baghdad early thursday night, march 17, 199so9, informed sources
said.
the sources quoting local people said the mko must have
suffered heavy casualties and losses because many ambulances and
police as well as security agents were seen rushing to the site of
explosion till mid night.
bg/
end
::irna 04/04/99 19:30

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:42:22 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Sunday Newspaper Headlines

Sunday Newspaper Headlines
==========================


thr 002
headlines-press
sunday morning's newspaper headlines
tehran, april 4, irna -- the following headlines appeared in
tehran's newspapers this morning:
iran daily:
-765,000 displaced by yugoslav crackdown
-emiratis, americans in joint naval exercises
-russia demands end to 'nato aggression'
-jordan says israel blocking peace efforts
-700 buses to join tehran fleet
kayhan international:
-nato missiles rock belgrade
-indian expert comments: saga of intense rivalry in caspian sea
-syria blasts israel for ethnic cleansing
-armenian archbishop felicitates leader, president
-turkey urges russia to put pressure on serbia
-india enters global market with satellite launch
-uae-u.s. naval exercises begin
tehran times:
-russia, china, greece, cyprus, french reds condemn nato strikes
-final verdict on karbaschi to be announced soon
-savoji to meet vice-president on councils today
-uae starts naval war games in persian gulf with u.s.
-washington imposes sanctions against russian arms makers
iran:
-savage war in belgrade; iranian foreign ministry continues
efforts to find political solution to kosovo crisis
-iranian athletes to compete in final stage of u.s. wrestling
competitions
-u.s., british jet fighters pound iraqi oil pumping station
-opinion poll on last year's most important events
jomhuri eslami:
-u.n. describes condition of kosovar muslims as catastrophic
-uae-u.s. joint provocative war games launched in persian gulf
-people criticize unleashed soaring price of goods, services in
new year
-two new cars to enter market in second half of current year
-velayati: u.s. following own interests, no wise man seeks
negotiation with u.s.
salaam:
-regional, international efforts to end kosovo crisis
-special committee formed to combat ethnic violence in pakistan
-guardian's report on homelessness of 25 million people in world
-list of import goods subject to pricing
hamshahri:
-missiles knock out interior ministry in belgrade; war spreads
to serbs capital
-commerce ministry announces regulations on release, pricing of
import goods
-'health week' to be observed at schools throughout country
-iran air schedules return flights for iranian hajj pilgrims
-three world champions surrender at u.s. wrestling contests
abrar:
-islamic contact group places kosovo crisis top on its agenda
-deputy health minister announces government programs for health
insurance in current year
-industries minister says paykan 2000, x-9 cars to hit market
this year
-tehran residents protest against irrational rise in
transportation fees
kar va karegar:
-foreign ministers of islamic contact group to discuss kosovo
crisis
-u.s., uae launch joint war games in persian gulf
-cooperatives sector created 40,000 job opportunities last year
-security council's sanction committee
-security council's sanction committee agrees with signing of
contracts between jordan, iraq


sunday afternoon's newspapers headlines
tehran, april 4, irna -- the following headlines appeared in tehran's
newspapers this afternoon:
kayhan:
-heavy bombardment of belgrade, danube bridges, escalates
devastating war in balkans
-foreign ministers of muslim states to review kosovo crisis in
their wednesday session
-supreme court confirms 25 year jail terms for two economic
terrorists
-2 mps: majlis will act upon its legal duty against policies of
culture, islamic guidance minister
-palestinians stage demonstrations in protest at capture of
lands in nablus by zionists
ettela'at:
-iran starts consultations for intervention of oic to resolve
kosovo crisis
-culture, islamic guidance minister, his deputy visit ettela'at
-u.s. likely to dispatch marines to albania
-washington, moscow engaged in new crisis
resalat:
-5 mps interviewed on year of imam khomeini
-kofi annan to resign in protest at nato's action in yugoslavia
bg/rr
end
::irna 04/04/99 17:04

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:42:36 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Three Publications Receive Warnings in Writing

Three Publications Receive Warnings in Writing
==============================================


thr 041
press-warnings
three publications receive warnings in writing
tehran, april 4, irna -- the ministry of culture and islamic guidance
warned in writing three publications against creating tension
in the society.
the local press department of the ministry warned sunday the
daily "zan", biweekly "zolfaqar" and monthly "sobh".
the warning issued for zan per the article nine of the press code.
in its saturday edition the paper "zan", run by ms. faezeh hashemi
daughter of former president akbar hashemi rafsanjani, quoted a
notorious figure of the former shah regime.
the biweekly "zolfaqar" took the warning for breach of article
seven of the press code. it has printed pictures which are against the
social morality.
the "sobh" monthly also received the warning in writing, according
to article 25 of the press code, for publishing an article titled
"violence and crisis creation in strategic management".
the ministry further called on the press community to observe the
rules and help create a sound atmosphere for criticism and
information dissemination especially with regard to the
recommendations of the leader of the islamic revolution, ayatollah
seyed ali khamenei.
sd/rr
end
::irna 04/04/99 20:06

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:42:52 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Daily on Tehran's Next Mayor

Daily on Tehran's Next Mayor
============================


thr 008
mayor-press
daily on tehran's next mayor
tehran, april 4, irna -- the english daily 'kayhan international'
sunday commenting on the future mayor of tehran said that most of the
capital's ten million plus population are waiting to see a mayor who
will proceed with the policies of modernization, without legal
complications and embezzlement charges however.
the post of tehran mayor is now the most sensitive decision the
tehran city council is going to make, noted the article in the
viewpoint column of the daily adding ''while some still consider
karbaschi as the most qualified manager to keep the post arguing that
his legal situation after his initial conviction on fraud charges will
not bar him from being reinstated, others maintain that the next mayor
should be a qualified manager who will continue modernization and
development plans many of which are yet to be completed away from
political controversies and legal complications.''
the khatami administration has fulfilled one of its chief promises
of the institutionalization of the rule of law and distribution of
political power toward greater democracy, the paper noted adding that
it is now the duty of the elected members of the councils throughout
the country to therefore take the local administration in their
hands and implement the demands of the voters.
fh/ks
end
::irna 04/04/99 10:58

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:43:02 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Teheran Very Concerned Over Kosovo Situation-Minis

Teheran Very Concerned Over Kosovo Situation-Minister
=====================================================


Itar-Tass
04-APR-99

TEHERAN, April 4 (Itar-Tass) - Iran is very concerned over "the
repetition of the Bosnian disaster in Kosovo", said Iranian
Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi in a phone call to U.N.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

"Iran as chairman of the Organisation of Islamic Conference
(OIC) intends to take efficient moves to settle the Kosovo
problem," the minister noted. According to Kharrazi, a meeting
of the OIC contact group on Kosovo is planned to be held in
Geneva on Wednesday precisely for this purpose.

Teheran announced this week a dispatch of a large batch of
humanitarian aid to Kosovo refugees in Albania and Macedonia. At
the same time, Iranian officials sharply denounced NATO air
raids on Yugoslavia. In their opinion, aerial bombing does not
promote a solution of the problem. It only aggravates the tragic
situation, creating a threat of the crisis spreading to the
entire Balkan region.

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:43:16 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kharrazi, Annan Discuss Kosovo Crisis over Phone

Kharrazi, Annan Discuss Kosovo Crisis over Phone
================================================


thr 019
iran-u.n.-kosovo
kharrazi, annan discuss kosovo crisis over phone
tehran, april 4, irna -- foreign minister kamal kharrazi in a
telephone contact with u.n. secretary general kofi annan on saturday
expressed concern over the repetition of bosnian catastrophe in
kosovo with regard to ethnical and racial cleansing.
terming the present juncture as difficult, kharrazi also
expressed concern over the massacre of kosovar muslims, crimes being
committed, homelessness of people and danger of expansion of the
crisis to other parts of the region.
he expressed the hope that the islamic republic of iran as the
chairman of the organization of the islamic conference (oic) wold
take effective steps in helping settlement of the crisis.
in his telephone conversation, kharrazi also informed the u.n.
chief of the forthcoming session of the oic contact group on kosovo,
to be held in geneva this wednesday.
annan for his part told kharrazi that the united nations,
simultaneously with offering humanitarian assistance including
foodstuff, is after means to halt the crisis in kosovo and for safe
return of the displaced people.
he expressed hope that the oic contact group's efforts in geneva
will be effective in finding a solution to the crisis.
ns/ks
end
::irna 04/04/99 13:57

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:43:36 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kharrazi Reviews Kosovo Crisis with Greek, Vatican

Kharrazi Reviews Kosovo Crisis with Greek, Vatican Counterparts
===============================================================

thr 046
vatican-greece-kharrazi
kharrazi reviews kosovo crisis with greek, vatican counterparts
tehran, april 3, irna -- foreign minister kamal kharrazi saturday
discussed the latest developments in the kosovo crisis and ways to
help resolve the tragedy in separate telephone conversations with his
vatican and greek counterparts.
kharrazi voiced the grave concern of the muslim community over the
ongoing massacre, displacement and ethnic cleansing of the albanian
muslims in kosovo.
stating that nato operations in yugoslavia, which is conducted
without the authorization of the un security council, has not been
able to resolve the crisis, the iranian foreign minister described
political negotiations as valuable and constructive means to settle
the crisis.
referring to the letter sent by iran's president and chairman of
the organization of the islamic conference (oic) to the heads of the
muslim nations urging them to direct their efforts to help put an end
to the human disaster, kharrazi announced that the oic's contact group
is expected to hold its session in geneva on wednesday to review ways
of ending the crisis.
on the need for endeavors by influential countries to help resolve
the crisis in kosovo, he said that through regular contacts and
cooperation, the oic and the vatican would be able to prevent the
crimes. belgrade, he declared, should respond positively to the call
of the international community to respect the rights of the muslims.
the vatican's secretary of state for external relations,
jean-louis tauran expressed concern over the critical situation in
kosovo and stated that killings and war will solve nothing but will
only bring about further human disaster and tragedy.
the vatican foreign minister attached great importance to the
constructive role of the oic for ending the crisis in kosovo and said
that collective endeavors of the independent powers is significant in
preventing human calamities and disasters.
the greek foreign minister, george papandreou, also expressed
concern over the critical situation in kosovo and the ethnic cleansing
and displacement of people in the balkan region. he stressed the need
to find a diplomatic way to help end the crisis.
pm/ah
end
::irna 03/04/99 23:06

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:43:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kharrazi, Indonesian FMs Discuss Kosovo Crisis on

Kharrazi, Indonesian FMs Discuss Kosovo Crisis on Phone
=======================================================


thr 033
iran-indonesia-kharrazi
kharrazi, indonesian fms discuss kosovo crisis on phone
tehran, april 4, irna -- foreign minister kamal kharrazi and his
indonesian counterpart ali alatas on sunday exchanged views over phone
on the kosovo crisis, latest situation of refugees and ways of helping
put an end to the human catastrophe.
kharrazi expressed concern over the possibility of the crisis
spilling over to other countries in the balkans and stressed efforts
by the organization of the islamic conference (oic) to find a way out
of the current crisis.
he emphasized the need for continued contacts and preparation of
grounds to check crimes against albanian muslims and for observation
of muslims' rights.
alatas voiced concern over worsening situation in kosovo and
termed as ''important'' the active role of the oic in finding a
solution to the crisis.
bg/rr
end
::irna 04/04/99 17:17

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:44:04 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Yugoslav Foreign Minister Sends Message to Iranian

Yugoslav Foreign Minister Sends Message to Iranian Counterpart
==============================================================


thr 042
iran-yugoslavia-message
yugoslav foreign minister sends message to iranian counterpart
tehran, april 4, irna -- charge d'affaires of yougoslav embassy in
tehran here sunday hand-delivered to director general of central and
northern europe affairs department baqeri a message from yougoslav
foreign minister zivadin jovanovic to his iranian counterpart kamal
kharrazi. details of the message were not immediately available.
the foreign ministers of the contact group of muslim governments
are to convene in geneva wednesday to disce to convene in geneva
wednesday to discuss the crisis in kosovo.
the islamic republic, now heading the organization of the islamic
conference (oic) has contacted european and muslim heads of state
during the past few days in a bid to search for solutions to the
crisis in kosovo.
hr/hm
end
::irna 04/04/99 21:25

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:44:42 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: THE TRAGEDY OF MUSLIMS IN KOSOVO

THE TRAGEDY OF MUSLIMS IN KOSOVO ILLUSTRATES MUSLIM WORLD'S
IMPOTENCY
===========================================================


By Safa Haeri, IPS Editor

PARIS 3RD APR. (IPS) In his last Friday sermon, the ayatollah
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, the Islamic Republic's second
highest personality after the leader regretted the lethargy and
the disunion of the Muslim world in regard of the crisis in
Kosovo, where hundreds of thousands of ethnic Albanians, a great
majority of them Muslims, are booted out of their ancestral land
by the Serbian forces.

"Were the Muslim world more united and co-ordinated in stopping
the injustice, NATO (the US-dominated North Atlantic Treaty
Organisation) would not have found pretext to come there (in
Kosovo). Well, so are the Muslims and as we can see, there is
not much they can do, or want to do", he told worshippers
shouting death to America, the country that has spearheaded the
war against president Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia, the
"butcher" of the Muslims.

Mr. Hashemi Rafsanjani's pointing out to the highly visible
absence and the inactivity of the Islamic world in the tragedy
of the Muslims in Kosovo once again demonstrates the irrelevance
of the Muslim world as a coherent, meaningful bloc. His harsh
remarks are also directed at President Mohammad Khatami who, in
his capacity as the head of the OIC has done nothing concrete in
defence of the Kosovars but attacking the United States.

As hundreds of Kosovars, a great majority of them Muslims, are
forcibly thrown out of their ancestral land by the Serbian
forces in what is described as one of the greatest tragedy of
this century that is touching it's end, both the Arab League and
the 54-nations Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC) that
represent more than one billion souls world over and includes
some of the world's richest peoples and governments have remain
dead idle, satisfying themselves, with the notable exception of
Iraq and Libya, with some unconvincing communiqués denouncing
Belgrade.

The ambivalent attitude adopted by the Islamic Republic of Iran
that boast itself as the "mother of all Muslim cities" and is
the present president of the OIC, concerning the situation in
Kosovo and the role of the western nations there is significant,
as it highlights the ambiguities of the Arabs and the Muslims
towards a catastrophe that affects the lives of millions of
Muslims in the Balkans.

In a rarely seen case of unity, the triangular leadership of
Iran that is made of the ayatollahs Ali Khameneh'i, Hashemi
Rafsanjani and Mohammad Khatami has strongly condemned the
United States and described NATO's raids over Serbia as
"illegal".

"As far as NATO is concerned, if it's intervention help remove
injustice, this would be another subject. If the Muslims can be
saved from the yoke of the Serbs, that's a positive point. But
the problem is that NATO is led and dominated by America and
that changes every thing", Mr. Rafsanjani observed in his Friday
speech.

Likewise, the Arab League has both "regretted" the absence of
the United Nations in the conflict and questioned the "legality
and effectiveness" of NATO's raids over Serbia

But while the US, Europe and even Israel are providing all kind
of urgently needed humanitarian assistance to the hundreds of
thousands of Kosovar Muslims who have taken refuge in
neighbouring Macedonia, Montenegro and particularly Albania,
nothing, or very few, is coming from Tehran or any other Muslim
or Arab capitals.

The same, while both the European Union and the United States
are showing a rare case of unity if not unanimity in their
attitude towards the Serbian dictator, the Muslim world, led by
the Islamic Republic of Iran, is presenting a desolated image of
disunion in regard of the Kosovar Muslims.

If condemnation of the Serbian "barbarism" is widespread in
Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf petro-monarchies, where money,
food and clothing are collected for the Muslims of Kosovo, but
because of old friendship dating back to the time of the
Egyptian Gamal Abdol Naser, the Yugoslav war time leader Tito
and Indian Jawahar Laal Nehru, the three leaders that founded
the Non Aligned Movement, Egypt, despite official condemnation
of the "Serbs aggressions", keeps a nostalgic attitude towards
Belgrade, while other Arab nations keep an evasive position.

Criticised for his leniency, President Khatami of Iran, who is
also the president of the OIC, has convened for next Tuesday a
meeting in Geneva of the organisation's eight members contact
group.

Expressed doubt about any concrete outcome from the Iranian
initiative, Arab diplomats contacted by the IPS agreed with Mr.
Hashemi Rafsanjani's observation of Muslim world's inability of
doing anything.

"If Mr. Khatami and other Iranian clerics who so gladly condemn
the US and criticises NATO's action are serious, why they do not
start by sending arms and ammunition and Iranian volunteers and
military experts to Kosovo to help and train the Kosovo
Liberation Army?", one Arab analyst suggested. ENDS KOSOVO
349923

---------------------------------------

Iran Press Service is a fully independent and
private news gathering and disseminating service.
Using IPS materials is free of charge, but any
voluntary financial contribution is most welcome.

Editor-in-Chief: Safa Haeri
Tel: +33 1 43805838
Fax: +33 1 43805825
e-mail: safa@iran-press-service.com

Copyright © 1997-1999, IRAN PRESS SERVICE, all rights reserved.

---------------------------------------

Reach Iran Press Sevice WWW Site at:

http://www.iran-press-service.com/

---------------------------------------

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:45:50 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: 3 Articles from 'Iran Daily' on Kosovo Crisis

3 Articles from 'Iran Daily' on Kosovo Crisis
==========================



Daily Blames U.S., Milosevic for Kosovo Crisis
==============================================


thr 045
press-nato
daily blames u.s., milosevic for kosovo crisis
tehran, april 3, irna -- an english-language daily said in its
editorial saturday that what is taking place in the balkans today is
a conflict between a global oppressor (the u.s.) bent on imposing a
new world order and a brutal dictator (serbian leader slobodan
milosevic).
'iran daily' blamed milosevic for trying to impose a new regional
balance in the balkans by exterminating the muslim population.
''but it is not easy to digest u.s and nato justifications that
their military campaign is prompted by moral and humanitarian
considerations, i.e. to save the kosovar albanians from genocide.
had moral or humanitarian reasons been stabbing the west's conscience,
it would have acted in other crises (witness bosnia and palestine)
before they exploded, the daily noted.
''moreover, it is difficult to swallow that christians are
fighting amongst each other to save the muslims of kosovo. hence the
nato rationale of moral reasons is suspect,'' wrote iran daily.
''the u.s. wants to create a greater albania and change balkan
borders. washington is seeking to control developments in europe and
wants to destroy serbian military power, thwarting the emergence of
any future russian-serbian alliance. kosovo is rich in uranium and the
americans want to lay their hands on it etc.,''noted the editorial.
''the salient question, however, is whether nato and the u.s. have
any plans for the day after? the military y plans for the day after? the
military strikes against yugoslavia
have also raised the possibility of a wider balkan war,'' it wrote.
''it is an anomaly in today's west that despite all the talk of
a secular world, international politics is influenced by religion as
it was in the past. how else can one explain that serbia's closest
allies are its co-religionists (orthodox christians) in greece and
russia, notwithstanding the fact that greece is a nato member?''
questioned iran daily.
''the most worrisome manifestation of the crisis is the collapse
of the world order. the united nations has been relegated to the
sidelines and nato (under u.s. control) is becoming a global
policeman,'' continued the editorial.
the international chess game is no longer covered by diplomatic
rules or regulations, but by sheer military power, said the daily,
concluding that a unipolar world run by the will and whim of the
u.s. is a very dangerous development.
bg/ah
end
::irna 03/04/99 21:37



NATO on Brink of Quagmire Ill-Prepared to Handle, Says Daily
============================================================


thr 001
nato-balkans-press
nato on brink of quagmire ill-prepared to handle, says daily
tehran, april 4, irna -- `iran daily', the english morning newspaper
in its editorial sunday wrote ''it looks as if all that nato has
accomplished to date in bombing kosovo, has been to speed up yugoslav
president slobodan milosevic's timetable for depopulating that
unfortunate province.''
''considering that the operation was mounted to keep the kosovars
in place and insure a greater measure of security for them, the
world's most formidable military alliance must now adopt new measures.
sadly, it appears that the kosovars themselves, plus impoverished
albania and macedonia, will be footing most of the bill,'' it added.
the daily said ''it is already estimated that one half of kosovo's
two million resident's are now internally displaced or temporary
refugees in albania or macedonia. there is, of course, a bit of
amazement that the nato game plan has been as shortsighted as events
are revealing it to be. what was supposed to be a sharp reining in of
milosevic, seems ready to become a creeping destabilization of the
entire balkans.''
the paper went on to say that ''the alliance is not about to back
down from its commitment however, as to do so under the circumstances
would represent an enormous black eye for europe's own security
concerns. what we are likely to see in the days and weeks ahead is an
incrementally more severe pounding of yugoslavia. the person of
milosevic himself, long referred to as a war criminal, could well
become the target of a manhunt.''
''with the air war failing massively to halt the ethnic cleansing
of kosovo, nato will have to consider putting troops on the ground to
reverse the refugee tide and be prepared for those troops to remain in
occupation of kosovo for long months to come. no one seems to have
given this probability the least consideration when planning the
attack,'' it added.
the daily underscored that ''the world should brace itself for an
old fashioned show of pride and ego from both sides that will spell
horror and destruction which might not limit itself to the kosovars.
nato is on the brink of a quagmire it seems ill-prepared to handle.''
''in this dilemma the question of the kosovars degree of autonomy
might well be forgotten altogether. unless milosevic has a change of
heart, which is unlikely, perhaps we will witness the leveling of
yugoslavia so that the much vaunted alliance can hold its reputation
and itself in one piece,'' iran daily concluded.
pm/ah
end
::irna 04/04/99 01:27


Daily on NATO Nightmare in Kosovo
=================================


thr 013
nato-yugoslav-press
daily on nato nightmare in kosovo
tehran, april 4, irna -- the english-language 'iran daily' sunday
wrote that the only thing that nato seems to have accomplished to
date in shelling kosovo has been to hasten president milosevic's
timetable for depopulating the province. it added that unless
milosevic has a change of heart which is unlikely, a levelling of
yugoslavia will be witnessed to such an extent that the much vaunted
alliance will be unable to hold its reputation and itself in one
piece.
''considering that the nato operation was mounted to keep the
kosovars in place and insure a greater measure of security for them,
the world's most formidable military alliance must now adopt new
measures,'' pointed out the article in the perspective column of the
paper.
''there is of course, a bit of amazement that the nato game plan
has been as shortsighted as events are revealing it to be. what was
supposed to be a sharp reining in of milosevic, seems ready to
become a creeping destabilization of the entire balkans,'' it added.
the alliance it seems will not back down from its commitment
however, as to do so under the circumstances would represent an
enormous black eye for europe's own security concerns, believed the
daily.
''what we are likely to see in the days and weeks ahead is an
incrementally more severe poiunding of yugoslavia. the person of
milosevic himself, long referred to as a war criminal, could well
become the target of a manhunt.''
furthermore, ''with the air war failing massively to halt the
ethnic cleansing of kosovo, nato will have to consider putting troops
on the ground to reverse the refugee tide and be prepared for those
troops to remain in occupation of kosovo for long months to come,''
the daily added.
''this is a most unappetizing possibility for the alliance but one
that the serbs no doubt relish. their idea is that on the ground,
they cannot only hold their own but are psychologically better
prepared to take troop losses than are the nato forces.''
the world should therefore ''brace itself for an old fashioned
show of pride and ego from both sides that will spell horror and
destruction which might not limit itself to the kosovars'' stated
the daily adding that nato is on the brink of a quagmire it seems
ill-prepared to handle.
fh/ks
end
::irna 04/04/99 12:09

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:46:08 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Greek Defence Minister Condemns Milosevic for Ethn

Greek Defence Minister Condemns Milosevic for Ethnic Cleansing
==============================================================


thr 044
greece-serbia
greek defence minister condemns milosevic for ethnic cleansing
athens, april 3, irna -- greek defence minister akis tsohatzopoulos
was on saturday categorical in condemning yugoslav president slobodan
milosevic for ethnic cleansing in kosovo.
the minister charged that the ethnic cleansing in kosovo is aimed
at changing the borders in the region and making all the peoples of
the balkans hostage to the problem, greek news agency ana reported.
tsohatzopoulos said during a visit to macedonian capital of skopje
that the ultimate objective was to change existing borders.
his remarks were strongly criticised by the communist party of
greece and the democratic social movement (dikki).
nato-member greece consented to the air strikes on yugoslavia but
the media, political parties and the public opinion in greece are
strongly against the military intervention.
anti-u.s. demonstrations are staged nearly every day all over the
country while rallies are held in support of serbia.
meanwhile, a bomb exploded early saturday morning outside a branch
office of the ruling pasok party in the athens suburb of galatsi,
causing some damage to the building but no injuries.
no group has yet claimed responsibility for the explosion, the
second attack on a pasok office within two days. police suspect the
'november 17' greek guerrilla group to be behind the attack.
pasok's headquarters in downtown athens were the target of a
failed rocket attack on thursday morning.
the november 17 group which has carried out many attacks on
western interests in greece in a proclamation last week condemned the
pasok government for mishandling the ocalan affair.
nk/ah
end
::irna 03/04/99 21:27

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:46:22 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Knesset Member Calls on Arab States to Sever Ties

Knesset Member Calls on Arab States to Sever Ties with Serbia
=============================================================


thr 026
palestine-serbia
knesset member calls on arab states to sever ties with serbia
athens, april 4, irna -- an arab member of the zionist parliament,
the knesset, has urged arab and muslim states to immediately cut ties
with serbia because of serbian campaign of terror and ethnic
cleansing against albanian muslims in kossovo, said a report from
al-qods.
abdul malik dahamashe said in a press interview sunday that the
very minimal thing arab and muslim states could do in response to
serbian atrocities against albanians was to immediately sever all
political and economic ties with the serbian regime of slobadan
milosevic.
dahamshe described the official arab response to the plight of the
albanian people, which he said was very similar to that of the
palestinians, as ''shameful and completely inappropriate.''
''we are not asking the arab regimes to send in armies to kossovo
or anything of this sort, all we are saying is that we should make the
serbs feel that what they are doing to our brothers there is totally
unacceptable.''
last week, dahamshe led hundreds of palestinians living in
pre-1967 palestine in a demonstration outside the serbian embassy in
tel aviv to protest serbian atrocities against albanians.
ka/nk/rr
end
::irna 04/04/99 15:36

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:46:36 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iranian Wrestlers Beat Cuban Rivals Heavily

Iranian Wrestlers Beat Cuban Rivals Heavily
===========================================


thr 009
sports-wrestling-spokane
iranian wrestlers beat cuban rivals heavily
spokane, washington, april 4, irna -- the iranian wrestling team
beat its cuban rival 22 to four on saturday in the second stage of
the spokane 99 world cup free-style wrestling tournament which started
here on april 2.
with six wins, one draw and one defeat in eight categories, the
iranian wrestlers scored 22 points while giving away only four points
to their cuban rivals.
expressing content with the result of the contests, head of the
iranian delegation aref rabti told irna saturday that this is the
first time iran attains such an eye-catching result in contest against
a powerful team like cuba.
besides iran and the host country, teams from canada, germany and
cuba are taking part in the tournament.
the iranian wrestlers overpowered their german rivals 19 to 11
and won their canadian rivals 22 to seven in the first stage of the
contests.
ys/ks
end
::irna 04/04/99 11:15

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:46:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran Finishes Runner-up to U.S. at Spokane Tournam

Iran Finishes Runner-up to U.S. at Spokane Tournament
=====================================================


thr 014
sports-wrestling-spokane
iran finishes runner-up to u.s. at spokane tournament
spokane, washington, april 4, irna -- the iranian wrestling team
finished runner up to its u.s. rival at the spokane 99 world cup
free-style wrestling tournament on saturday night.
the american wrestlers, winning five categories out of eight,
overpowered their iranian rivals 20 to 12 at the contests.
gholamreza mohammadi (54 kg), alireza dabir (58 kg) and alireza
heidari (97 kg) won gold medals for the iranian team.
during saturday night's contests, head of the iranian team aref
rabti protested to "weak judgement" of the referees after the first
four bouts.
teams from canada, germany, iran, the u.s. and cuba took part in
the tournament which started on april 2.
iranian wrestlers won over their german rivals 19 to 11, canadians
22 to seven and cubans 22 to four in the contests.
ys/ks
end
::irna 04/04/99 12:23

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:47:08 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: US Tops Iran in Wrestling World Cup

US Tops Iran in Wrestling World Cup
===================================


Sunday, April 4, 1999; 1:53 a.m. EST

SPOKANE, Wash. (AP) -- Kerry McCoy pinned Iran's Ebrahim
Mehraban in the final heavyweight match of the 27th World Cup of
Wrestling to lead the United States to the team title on
Saturday night.

McCoy, of State College, Pa., pinned Mehraban after 1:03 to cap
the United States' 4-0 finish in the two-day, round-robin event.

Iran, which finished 3-1, took second. Cuba (2-2) was third,
with Germany (1-3) and Canada (0-4) taking the final two spots.

In the championship match, Iran took an early lead by winning
the two lowest weight categories. Gholam Reza Mohammadi won by
technical fall over Sammie Henson of Norman, Okla., in the
119-pound class, and Ali Rezar Dabier won by decision over Tony
Purler of Clarion, Pa., in the 127 3/4-pound event.

The United States captured the next four events with victories
by Cary Kolat of Bellefonte, Pa. (138 3/4 pounds); Lincoln
McIlravy of Iowa City, Iowa (152 pounds); Steve Marianetti of
Urbana, Ill. (167 1/2 pounds); and Les Gutches of Corvallis,
Ore. (187 1/4 pounds).

In the 213 3/4-pound event, Iran's Ali Reza Heidari won by
decision over J.J. McGrew of Stillwater, Okla.

In the match for third place, Cuba beat Germany 19-11.

Cuba opened with four wins in the four lowest weight categories.
German wrestlers took two of the four highest weight classes,
with Cuba's Alexis Rodriguez winning a decision over Sven Theile
in the 286-pounds-and-over heavyweight class.

Canada failed to advance to the final session after losing to
the United States and Germany earlier in the day.
Under the tournament format, the five teams competed in a series
of dual meets over two days. The teams were chosen based on the
performance of their wrestlers at the World Championships last
September in Iran.

Six teams were supposed to compete, but the defending champion
Russian team did not arrive. The conflict in Kosovo led to the
closure of the U.S. embassy in Moscow, and the wrestlers' visas
were inside the embassy and could not be retrieved.

The United States has dominated the World Cup in the 1990s,
winning seven of nine team titles, including Saturday's victory.

An international event, the World Cup is a step below world
championship or Olympic competitions, but some team members are
likely to compete for Olympic berths.


© Copyright 1999 The Associated Press

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:47:22 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: West Azarbijan Christians Celebrate Easter

West Azarbijan Christians Celebrate Easter
==========================================


thr 034
iran-easter
west azarbijan christians celebrate easter
orumiyeh, april 4, irna -- iranian christians residing in ourumiyeh
and salmas held on sunday religious ceremonies celebrating the
easter.
the ceremonies started with the bell of churches tolling
and the christians in the province holding religious rituals and
praying to mark the occasion.
in a ceremony held at the assyrian caledonian catholic church the
archbishop tomas mirem said that '' the prophetic message of the jesus
christ (a.s.) was to rescue people from tyranny and cruelty of the
rulers and administer justice across the world''.
he then referred to the year 2000 which has been named as a
''sacred'' year and the need for all followers of jesus to take into
consideration their religious duties.
the dialogue between islam and christianity on the ever of the
third millennium should be regarded as a good opportunity for creation
of understanding, peace and tranquility around the world, he said.
some 8,500 christians live orumiyeh and its nearby villages.
mm/rr
end
::irna 04/04/99 17:21

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:47:32 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Source: ELF To Sign Iran Oilfield Deal

Source: ELF To Sign Iran Oilfield Deal
======================================


02:01 p.m Apr 04, 1999 Eastern
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (Reuters) - France's Elf Aquitaine
will sign a deal Sunday to develop Iran's offshore Balal
oilfield, an industry source said.

The source told Reuters Elf Aquitaine and Canada's Bow Valley
would be partners in developing the field, which would cost $300
million and take three years to complete.

It was not clear what the Elf agreement would mean for Britain's
Premier Oil, which said last month that a last-minute hitch over
contract terms had jeopardized its deal to develop Balal with
Bow Valley.

Premier and Bow Valley had aimed for production of up to 40,000
barrels per day at the 80 million barrel field under their deal
which had not been finalized.

Elf Aquitaine and Italy's Eni recently completed final signature
of their contract to develop Iran's Doroud offshore oil and gas
field.

Only five international companies have so far completed final
contracts for upstream energy development in Iran, which is
seeking foreign investment and technology under its so-called
buy-back projects.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:47:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Move Faster for Better Economy, Says Daily

Move Faster for Better Economy, Says Daily
==========================================


thr 011
economy-press
move faster for better economy, says daily
tehran, april 4, irna -- the english daily 'tehran times' sunday
wrote that in order to improve the economy of iran, doors should not
be left closed to foreign trade and economic partners.
''the time has gone when we used to blame this or that power for
our mishaps. none but we ourselves are responsible for making our
future of acceptable standard,'' pointed out the article in the
opinion column of the paper.
therefore if each one from every rank of society fails to grasp
opportunities to make things better, the unprecedented sacrifices
achieved will all be lost.
welcoming efforts of both president mohammad khatami and foreign
minister kamal kharrazi for succeeding in convincing oil exporters to
cut export to the level to match market needs, the paper pointed out
that things inside iran are however in bad shape.
''abrar eqtesadi quoting deputy secretary general of the
administrative and employment affairs organization jamshid ansari said
68 percent of the budget in 1376 (1997-98) was used for government
expenditures. another startling figure was government employees
which ansari said are about 20 million that means a third of iran's
nationals are government employees,'' noted the paper.
these and several other similar figures are not good for the
health of the iranian society at all. it is therefore high time that
all stop chanting rhetorics and begin to plan carefully, stressed the
article in conclusion.
fh/ks
end
::irna 04/04/99 11:26

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 5 Apr 1999 09:49:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Tracking Arms: a Study in Smoke

Tracking Arms: a Study in Smoke
===============================


Ambiguity Clouds French Role in China-Iran Deal
By John Mintz
Washington Post Staff Writer
Saturday, April 3, 1999; Page A03

For analysts at the National Security Agency, the transcripts scrolling
across their computer screens in May 1997 set off immediate alarms. Bank
letters of credit, intercepted by the NSA's electronic snooping,
appeared to show that a French company was selling missile components to
Iran that could end up in weapons targeting ships in the Persian Gulf.

Within days, U.S. diplomats marched into the French Embassy here to
formally protest that the private deals were helping Iran build C-802
missiles. In numerous tense meetings on both sides of the Atlantic,
senior administration officials repeated the charges to French
authorities, who denied as vehemently that the sales had anything to do
with missiles.

Ten months of acrimonious exchanges failed to resolve the issue. But
today, U.S. intelligence agencies believe Iran possesses as many as 150
of the anti-ship cruise missiles, most bought from China, but some
manufactured by the Iranians themselves based in part on copies of the
French engine.

The story of how the C-802 missile and its high-tech French engine made
its way first to China, and then to Iran, is a case study in one of U.S.
foreign policy's central preoccupations: the proliferation of missiles
and other weapons, particularly those, such as the C-802, that in theory
terrorists could use to mount a germ war attack. Although the U.S.
government has the political will and the world's most sophisticated
intelligence network, preventing the spread of these missiles and their
components has been one of U.S. intelligence's most frustrating tasks.
The effort has produced victories and defeats -- and many inconclusive
dead ends.

Counterproliferation is hard work in part because American allies do not
necessarily share Washington's view of which countries should be
redlined from high-technology commerce. And in the world of 1999, where
a U.S. nuclear weapons lab scientist and American satellite makers are
under investigation for communicating with the Chinese on sensitive
technical matters, it might be next to impossible to control every bit
and byte of information streaming overseas via every kind of data
network.

One hundred pages of secret and top-secret documents of the NSA, State
Department and Pentagon tell the inside story of the Chinese C-802, a
little missile that gets around, and in particular its most crucial
component, the TRI-60 engine manufactured by the French firm, Microturbo
SA.

The papers detail how Microturbo developed the engine in the 1980s and
sold it to China starting in 1987 for use in the C-802. Later the
Chinese sold completed C-802s to Iran. Finally, U.S. intelligence picked
up what it considered evidence that the French firm sold the same
engines to the government in Tehran last year.

Doubts about that conclusion have grown as the French have insisted that
Microturbo was sending power generators rather than engines to Iran. But
the fact remains, U.S. officials say, that Iran has the missiles and
made some of them itself.

Weapons experts say U.S. intelligence must monitor the spread not only
of missiles such as the C-802 but also their components, especially
engines. "Engines are the key element a Third World country must get to
develop a cruise missile," said a former Pentagon expert on missile
engines. "It's the critical choke point."
The papers -- supplied by the National Security News Service, a
nonprofit group that has researched the C-802 -- show U.S. intelligence
in the mid-1980s started scrutinizing development of the missile, which
China called "Ying Ji" or "Strike Eagle." The TRI-60 engine powered the
C-802 and its armor-piercing warhead near the speed of sound, making the
missile akin to France's highly regarded Exocet.

Beijing's missile agency, China Precision Machine Import & Export Corp.
(CPMIEC), bought its first shipment of 50 Microturbo engines in 1987.
The French sent 50 more engines in 1995, and possibly another 50 in
1996.

In 1988 a Chinese laboratory called the 31st Institute began
"reverse-engineering" or copying the engines for itself. But the Chinese
found this rough going, said a Chinese engineer taped by the NSA. The
lab made only 20 new engines after eight years, an NSA report said.

Microturbo gave the Chinese key design data on the engine during this
research, the papers said. But Microturbo Chairman Jean-Bernard
Cocheteux said in a statement to The Washington Post that the firm
"never trained any Chinese engineer to design missile engines or
reverse-engineer engines for missiles."

In 1990 U.S. officials were alarmed to learn China was selling C-802s to
Iran, plus the means to build their own C-802 factory. U.S. spy cameras
in space snapped away as a Chinese ship delivered the first C-802 to an
Iranian port in the fall of 1993.

U.S. officials soon asked the Beijing regime to stop selling Iran C-802s
or components, to no avail. In late 1996, Chinese President Jiang Zemin
told President Clinton in Australia that China wouldn't sell more C-802s
to Tehran. But the papers say China continued parts sales until late
1997, when Chinese officials promised Secretary of State Madeleine K.
Albright that they would end the shipments of C-802s and related
technologies.
The NSA noted the Iranians' fury as the Chinese stalled deliveries and
failed to provide promised help fixing balky C-802 launch tube doors. An
Iranian official demanded that Beijing "provide an official explanation
of the current situation within two weeks or face suspension of
cooperation between Iran and China," which turned out to be a hollow
threat.

In the end, China delivered 150 or so of the 400 missiles Iran ordered.

The Iranians sought to find a new source of C-802s. Like Beijing, Tehran
started "reverse-engineering" the weapons to make them itself. But first
it needed Microturbo engines and parts. Tehran officials retained a Hong
Kong firm, Jetpower Industrial Ltd., to act as a front in purchasing the
French engines, components and technical help from both the Chinese and
Microturbo, the reports said.

Jetpower has repeatedly purchased arms illicitly for Iran, U.S.
officials said. In 1993 it pleaded guilty in Hong Kong to smuggling $2.5
million worth of U.S. fighter jet parts to Iran.

The documents describe the delivery of Microturbo equipment -- which the
NSA believed was missile engines -- on a ship traveling from Antwerp to
Iran last March.

Meanwhile, the NSA taped Iranian military officials discussing efforts
by a Syrian arms dealer named Monzer al-Kassar to procure "802 items"
for Tehran so it could reverse-engineer the engine. Al-Kassar, who lives
in a Spanish seaside villa, has been investigated by western
intelligence for years. Enjoying close ties to Syrian intelligence, he
has been reputed to be a source of arms for terrorists.

U.S. intelligence also investigated and then dismissed a suspicion that
the machinery Microturbo was shipping to Iran had actually been made at
the firm's engine plant in Grand Prairie, Tex. The prospect that a plant
outside Dallas, which makes engines for U.S. "drone" missiles, also was
supplying gear for Iranian weapons aimed at U.S. ships "gave us a
coronary thrombosis," a U.S. official said. Pentagon investigators soon
concluded that the firm's equipment bound for Iran had been made in
France.

In May 1997, the NSA -- which for years had known of Microturbo's engine
sales to China for use in the C-802 -- acquired evidence that the firm
now was selling hardware to Iran's military, using a $1.1 million line
of credit. As they exchanged faxes, the Iranians and French described
what was being sold only as "special items," but the NSA concluded they
were C-802 engines. U.S. diplomats immediately launched complaints with
the government of new Prime Minister Lionel Jospin.

French officials replied that they wouldn't allow the sale of missile
engines to Iran, but U.S. suspicions persisted. Thomas Pickering,
undersecretary of state for political affairs, and other U.S. diplomats
lodged five more protests with the French government, including several
demarches hand-delivered to the embassy here.

French officials said Microturbo was not selling Iran missile engines,
but generators. But U.S. officials remained firm.

"Even if only generators were shipped . . . we still do not believe the
shipment should have been permitted by France," a State Department
report said. "CIA assesses it is relatively easy to substitute the
electrical turbine assembly [in a Microturbo generator] with a nozzle to
produce a missile engine. . . . Even if Iran is not planning conversion
[to missile engines], the basic engines still provide a source of parts
for Iran's C-802 missiles and material for a possible
reverse-engineering."

But in early 1998, French officials told U.S. diplomats that its export
inspectors opened Microturbo crates in Antwerp bound for Iran, and
confirmed they contained generators. U.S. intelligence officials then
performed a "reevaluation" of the NSA transcripts. Faced with the French
denials, the NSA admitted some conversations now seemed more ambiguous
than before. It concluded the machines Microturbo sent Iran indeed could
have been generators, albeit militarily useful ones, a U.S. official
said.

"It doesn't mean we were necessarily wrong" earlier on, the U.S.
official said. "But if we'd known of the doubts before, we wouldn't have
done things that way."

Speaking of the firm's $2 million sale to Iran, Microturbo Chairman
Cocheteux said the generators are "very different from engines used to
propel missiles" and aren't useful in building missile engines.
"Microturbo SA never assisted Iran in any way" on any missile, he said.

He declined to answer whether his firm sold missile engines to China,
because under French law any French approval for such a sale is secret.
Microturbo is a division of Labinal Group, a French firm with annual
revenue of $2 billion that supplies Boeing Co. and others in the
aerospace and electronics industries.

In the end the Iranians got what they wanted; they now can manufacture
C-802 missiles themselves, said Jane's Defence, an authoritative
industry publication. In December former Iranian president Ali Akbar
Hashemi Rafsanjani boasted that Tehran's missile industry is
"technologically self-sufficient."
IRAN'S ANTI-SHIP MISSILE

Iran has as many as 150 C-802 anti-ship cruise missiles, mostly bought
from China with engines made by the French company Microturbo SA, but
some manufactured by Iran itself, according to classified U.S.
documents.

C-802 missile (Originally made by China)

Range: 75 miles

Speed: Mach 0.9

Cruising altitude: 60 to 100 feet

Guidance: inertial and active radar

Propulsion: kerosene-fueled turbojet engine

Weight: 1,575 pounds

Length: 21 feet

Diameter: 1.2 feet

Warhead: 365 pounds


SOURCE: Jane's Naval Weapon Systems




© Copyright 1999 The Washington Post Company

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 3 Apr 1999 to 4 Apr 1999 - Special issue
*****************************************************************