Date: Apr 7, 1999 [ 0: 0: 0]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 6 Apr 1999

From: Automatic digest processor


Return-Path: <owner-DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
Delivered-To: farhad@ALGONET.SE
Received: (qmail 12007 invoked from network); 7 Apr 1999 09:00:17 +0200
Received: from simorgh.gpg.com (205.158.6.22)
by tomei.algonet.se with SMTP; 7 Apr 1999 09:00:17 +0200
Received: from simorgh (simorgh [205.158.6.22])
by simorgh.gpg.com (8.8.6/8.8.6) with ESMTP id AAA05872;
Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:00:01 -0700 (PDT)
Message-Id: <199904070700.AAA05872@simorgh.gpg.com>
Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:00:00 -0700
Reply-To: dni-disc@D-N-I.ORG
Sender: DNI news list <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
From: Automatic digest processor <D-N-I@D-N-I.ORG>
Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 6 Apr 1999
To: Recipients of DNI-NEWS digests <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>

There are 15 messages totalling 691 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Iran Sends Relief Aid to Muslim Kosovar Refugees
2. Kharrazi Reviews Developments in Kosovo with Count
3. Oic in Contact with Greece over Kosovo
4. Irish Agency Warns West Against Relocating Kosovan
5. Anti-U.S. Demonstrations Continue in Greece
6. UK Muslims Call for 'Safe Haven Belt' in Kosovo
7. Macedonia Calls on Iran to Send More Humanitarian
8. Student Demonstration in Cairo Against Ethnic Clea
9. Annan Expresses Gratitude at Hand-Over of Two Liby
10. Libya Hands over to United Nations Two Suspects
11. Security Council Suspends Sanctions Against Libya
12. Security Council Welcomes Hand-Over to UN of Two L
13. Iran, France Parliamentary Friendship Groups Meet
14. The Agency, Quoted a Statement Issued by Iraqi Sec
15. U.N. Libya Move Opens Way for U.S. to Lift Oil San

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:51:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran Sends Relief Aid to Muslim Kosovar Refugees

Iran Sends Relief Aid to Muslim Kosovar Refugees
================================================


thr 002
iran-albania-refugees
iran sends relief aid to muslim kosovar refugees
tehran, april 5, irna -- the first iranian plane carrying relief aid
to albanian refugees left tehran for tirana, albania monday morning.
the aid includes blankets (2000), tents (300), foodstuffs such as
tuna fish and sanitary items (over 50 tons) and will be distributed
among muslim refugees from kosovo.
the aid dispatched by the red crescent society of the islamic
republic of iran is worth 350 million rials.
similar relief aid will be sent to skopje, capital of macedonia
to be distributed among muslim kosovar refugees.
ks/ks
end
::irna 05/04/99 12:24

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:52:24 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kharrazi Reviews Developments in Kosovo with Count

Kharrazi Reviews Developments in Kosovo with Counterparts
=========================================================


thr 005
kosovo-crisis-fms
kharrazi reviews developments in kosovo with counterparts
tehran, april 6, irna -- foreign minister kamal kharrazi in a
telephone contact with his russian counterpart igor ivanov monday
night, said that belgrade must stop its attacks on muslim kosovars.
he stressed that the world of islam can not tolerate continuation
of violation of rights of muslims.
the islamic countries expect russia to take advantage of its
influence over belgrade in order to make that government observe the
rights of muslims and help safe return of homeless people to their
homeland, the iranian foreign minister added.
kharrazi said that he will continue his contacts with moscow prior
to holding the session of the oic contact group.
meanwhile, ivanov expressed hope that decisions to be made by
the islamic contact group will help settle the kosovo crisis.
he voiced his country's readiness to take effective steps with
regards to return of homeless kosovars.
in another development, kharrazi told his saudi counterpart prince
saud al-faisal as-saud last night that military operations by nato
have not yet achieved anything other than further homelessness of
people, massacre and ethnic cleansing of m
people, massacre and ethnic cleansing of muslims in kosovo.
in a telephone conversation with prince as-saud, the iranian
minister stressed the importance of relief supplies of muslim
countries to people in kosovo and expressed the hope that the islamic
contact group will take effective measures in this regard.
the saudi foreign minister, on his part, said that the contact
group session to be held in geneva on wednesday will play a crucial
role in settlement of the crisis.
due to its relations with belgrade, russia may play a crucial
role in helping settlement of the crisis, he said and called for
closer cooperation between russia and islamic countries in this
regard.
fs/ks
end
::irna 06/04/99 09:43

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:52:06 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Oic in Contact with Greece over Kosovo

Oic in Contact with Greece over Kosovo
======================================


thr 016
greece-kosovo
oic in contact with greece over kosovo
athens, april 5, irna -- greek foreign minister george papandreou
said monday that his iranian counterpart kamal kharrazi had spoken to
him by phone couple of days ago to discuss the kosovo crisis.
speaking at a press conference with foreign journalists in athens
monday afternoon, papandreou said kharrazi asked for information about
the greek position regarding the kosovo issue.
the iranian foreign minister informed papandreou that the
organization of the islamic conference (oic) is to meet in geneva on
wednesday to discuss the kosovo crisis.
kharrazi said he will inform greece about the outcome of the oic
meeting. iran currently holds the oic chairmanship.
''i will be very happy to hear the decisions and any good ideas
are welcome,'' papandreou said.
kharazzi told his counterpart that iran was sending humanitarian
aid to kosovar refugees.
the greek foreign minister said greece has asked nato to stop
military strikes on yugoslavia during the orthodox easter which begins
this week.
papandreou said he met with visiting u.s. deputy secretary of
state strobe talbot monday morning and informed him about the greek
position on the kosovo crisis.
greece, a nato and european union member, officially has agreed to
nato air strikes on yugoslavia but has refused to take part in nato
bombings on grounds that neighbouring countries should not get
involved in the conflict.
but greek political parties, the press and public opinion are
strongly against nato bombings on serbia a country sharing the same
orthodox faith as greece.
papandreou reiterated greece's condemnation of ethnic cleansing in
kosovo and called for a political solution that would guarantee large
autonomy to the kosovar albanians.
asked by a reporter to comment on anti-u.s. and anti-nato
demonstrations in greece, papandreou said the government will not stop
these demonstrations because it was the right of the people to voice
their protests.
he added, however, that security will be stepped up around western
embassies in athens. he said greece was willing to take in initially
about 5,000 kosovar refugees who be sheltered in camps. the unhcr has
asked greece to take in 20,000 refugees.
greece has also dispatched relief aid to albania and macedonia to
cope with the influx of kosovar refugees. papandreou said greece is
allowing turkish planes carrying humanitarian aid to albania to fly
over its air space.
he said that greece will allow nato troops to pass through its
territory only for peace keeping purposes in kosovo and not for
military strikes.
nk/ah
end
::irna 05/04/99 19:51

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:52:50 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Irish Agency Warns West Against Relocating Kosovan

Irish Agency Warns West Against Relocating Kosovan Refugees
===========================================================


thr 040
kosovo refugees-irish agency
irish agency warns west against relocating kosovan refugees
london, apr. 6, irna - ireland's leading third world aid agency,
trocaire, warned the west tuesday of the dangers of transferring
kosovan refugees to other countries.
kosovan refugees to other countries.
kosovan refugees to other countries.
it said that the strategy of relocating the fleeing people was
"ill-conceived." it was "an emotional response to a deep-seated
political problem."
trocaire director justin kilcullen said the west must help
kosovans to return to their homes as soon as possible and not disperse
them throughout europe. it was a "knee-jerk reaction" that was playing
into the hands of serb president slobodan milosevic.
the plan being adopted, he said, had not been thought through.
"we should be devising a strategy to help the governments in
neighbouring macedonia, montenegro and albania to meet their basic
needs, he said.
the warning comes as british prime minister tony blair has also
voiced reservations about the plan. he said that nato should not be
"premature" about relocating the refugees in europe.
the main help the refugees needed was "help on the ground in
macedonia and albania," he said. he also suggested that milosevic
should not get the "wrong message: by dispersing them.
reports suggest that international sanctuary will be needed for
up to 100,000 kosovan refugees in what would be europe's biggest
migration since world war two. both britain and ireland are being
pressed to accommodate at least 2,000 each.
hc/rr
end
::irna 06/04/99 15:09

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:53:22 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Anti-U.S. Demonstrations Continue in Greece

Anti-U.S. Demonstrations Continue in Greece
===========================================


thr 003
greece-u.s.-protests
anti-u.s. demonstrations continue in greece
athens, april 5, irna --- anti-nato and anti-american demonstrations
in protest against the military strikes on yugoslavia continue all
over greece.
protesters hurled petrol bombs at the u.s., french and italian
embassies in athens last night during a protest march.
two policemen were reported hurt when demonstrators threw sticks
and stones at riot police guarding an american military base in the
town of chania in crete yesterday.
police used tear gas to stop protesters from entering the u.s.
base at souda bay in chania.
another protest rally was held at the nato regional headquarters
in larissa in central greece.
anti-u.s. demonstrations were reported from ten other greek cities
yesterday, while more protest rallies are planned from monday.
in athens, albanian immigrants staged a pro-nato and pro-american
rally on sunday. they raised albanian and american flags and held a
placard saying ''milosevic is hitler."
an estimated 300,000 albanian immigrants live and work in greece.
meanwhile, greek defense minister akis tsohazopoulos continued his
condemnation of serbian leader slobodan milosevic, accusing him of
carrying out a policy of ''ethnic cleansing.''
''this ethnic cleansing in kosovo must end....this policy pursued
by mr. milosevic contains the danger of changes in borders,''
tsohazopoulos said.
however, the greek defense minister expressed his opposition to
the deployment of nato ground forces in kosovo. nk/ks
end
::irna 05/04/99 12:27


Torchlight Protests in Greece Against NATO Bombings
===================================================


thr 059
greece-nato-protest
torchlight protests in greece against nato bombings
athens, april 6, irna -- several political youth organisations in
greece are to hold torchlight processions tomorrow in 10 greek
cities in protest of the continuing bombing of yugoslavia during
easter holy week.
''nato's decision to deprive peace of a minimal chance by
continuing the bombing of civilians even during the catholic and
orthodox holy week... constitutes one more blatant abuse against
international law, human rights and civilisation,'' said a press
release issued by the organisations.
the protest rallies will take place at 8 p.m. local time
in athens, thessaloniki, patra, ioannina, irakleio, komotini,
alexandroupoli, larisa, kalamata, rhodes and outside the
nato base of aktio in western greece.
nk/rr
end
::irna 06/04/99 18:33

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:53:04 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: UK Muslims Call for 'Safe Haven Belt' in Kosovo

UK Muslims Call for 'Safe Haven Belt' in Kosovo
===============================================

thr 057
kosovo refugees-uk muslims
uk muslims call for 'safe haven belt' in kosovo
london, apr. 6, irna - british muslims added their voice tuesday
to growing warnings against the west's plans to disperse kosovan
refugees to elsewhere in europe and even the u.s.
after meeting foreign office minister derek fatchett, the muslim
council of britain said it was "gravely concerned" over the unfolding
catastrophe in which the majority of the population had been forcibly
thrown out of their country in less than 10 days.
"ironically, this amounts to fulfilling the very objectives of
the milosevic regime, which nato is trying to defeat," it said.
the umbrella muslim organisation said that the removal not only
created doubts about the very future of kosovo as an ethnic
albanian entity, but "more importantly, its also sows suspicions
about the intention of nato powers."
like the examples of the majority of the bosnians and the
palestinians, it feared that the status of the kosovans would be
"once a refugee always a refugee."
demanding the removal to be immediately stopped, the muslim council
called for the creation of a "safe haven belt inside kosovo along its
borders," saying this was the real political and humanitarian solution
of the refugee crisis.
prime minister tony blair, it said, should take an immediate lead
"not only to put an end to the policy of dispersal" but also to put in
place "ironclad guarantees" laying down a timescale for all expelled
kosovans to return.
"never again should the international community accept
occupation of a territory through the expulsion and removal of its
people," the british muslim group said.
hc/rr
end
::irna 06/04/99 18:29

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:53:50 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Macedonia Calls on Iran to Send More Humanitarian

Macedonia Calls on Iran to Send More Humanitarian Aid
=====================================================


thr 061
iran-macedonia-aid
macedonia calls on iran to send more humanitarian aid
tehran, april 6, irna -- macedonian foreign minister aleksandar
dimitrov, on tuesday appealed to iran to send more humanitarian
relief aid to kosovar refugees.
following the deterioration of situation of kosovar refugees,
dimitrov, in a letter to his iranian counterpart, kamal kharrazi
urged iran to supply more aid to the kosovar refugees received by
macedonia.
due to the influx of kosovar refugees and reception of more than
120,000 refugees, 50,000 to 70,000 of whom are still in the border
areas between kosovo and macedonia, the country is in dire need of
more relief aid, dimitrov said in his letter.
tents, foodstuffs, medical equipment and financial aid are among
other needs of the kosovar refugees.
the first consignment of iran's humanitarian aid arrived in tirana
monday and its other consignments are expected to be dispatched to
macedonia and albania soon.
sd/rr
end
::irna 06/04/99 18:41

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:53:40 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Student Demonstration in Cairo Against Ethnic Clea

Student Demonstration in Cairo Against Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo
====================================================


thr 072
egypt-kosovo
student demonstration in cairo against ethnic cleansing in kosovo
athens, april 6, irna --- hundreds of students staged a demonstration
in cairo university monday in protest against the genocide of kosovar
albanians by the serbs.
the students called on the muslim world to take action to save the
kosovar muslims and burnt a serbian flag, egyptian papers tuesday
reported. the protesters also criticised the arab-muslim governments
for their weak position regarding the kosovo crisis.
meanwhile, opposition parties in egypt were to hold a meeting in
cairo tuesday to underline their support to the muslims of kosovo.
leaders of egyptian political parties have decided to hold
special funeral prayers for the martyrs of kosovo at the al-azhar
mosque in cairo on friday.
a leading egyptian writer on islamic affairs, fehmi howeidi, has
called on muslim countries to expel the seled on muslim countries to
expel the serbian ambassadors from their
capitals.
writing in international arab daily ''al-sharq al-awsat'' howeidi
urged arab and muslim states also to withdraw their ambassadors from
belgrade in protest against the massacre of kosovar muslims.
howeidi praised jordan for recalling its charge d'affaires from
belgrade.
egypt has recalled all its diplomatic staff from its embassy in
belgrade temporarily due to the current situation in yugoslavia.
nk/hm
end
::irna 06/04/99 23:21

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:54:14 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Annan Expresses Gratitude at Hand-Over of Two Liby

Annan Expresses Gratitude at Hand-Over of Two Libyan Suspects
=============================================================


thr 003
un-libya
annan expresses gratitude at hand-over of two libyan suspects
new york, april 6, irna -- un secretary-general kofi annan on monday
expressed gratitude at the safe arrival in the netherlands on board
a united nations aircraft of the two libyan nationals accused of
downing of a pan am airliner over lockerbie on december 21, 1998.
un spokesman fred eckhard said, "the secrtary-general wishes to
thank all those who have worked to make this possible. he would like
to express his personal appreciation to the governments of the
libyan arab jamahirya, the netherlands, the united kingdom and the
united states, as well as to those other leaders and governments
whose efforts have contributed in such a decisive manner to the
satisfactory outcome of this long-standing issue."
"the secretary-general is particularly grateful to president
mandela of south africa and to his majesty king fahd and crown prince
abdullah of saudi arabia, as well as to those who diligently supported
or assisted them," the spokesman said.
he said the secretary-general is confident that the two accused
will now receive a fair trial before a scottish court seated in the
netherlands.
eckhad said annan trusts that the outcome of the trial will lead
to a full and permanent resumption of normal relations between the
libyan arab jamahiriya and the rest of the international community.
the secretary-general considers it of great importance that
justice in this traumatic and long-drawn-out case should at last be
done and be seen to be done, above all for the sake of the families
of the victims who have suffered an irreparable bereavement.
ss/ks
end
::irna 06/04/99 09:21

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:54:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Libya Hands over to United Nations Two Suspects

Libya Hands over to United Nations Two Suspects
===============================================

thr 002
u.n.-libya
libya hands over to united nations two suspects
new york, april 6, irna -- libya on monday handed over to the united
nations two libyan nationals, abdel basset al-megrahi and al-amin
khalifa fahima accused of planting bomb in a pan am airliner over
lockerbie, scotland on december 21, 1988.
the un secretary general's deputy for legal affairs, hans corell,
took the delivery of the two men.
the two men boarded a un aircraft bound for the netherlands.
the united states and britain insisted that the two suspects
should be tried in the u.s. or scotland, but, libya and the united
nations reached an agreement on trial of the two men in the
netherlands in accordance with the scottish law.
according to the agreement, the hand-over will pave the way
for lifting of the united nations sanctions imposed on libya in 1992
and 1993.
it is expected that the un secretary general would report arrival
in the netherlands of the two persons to the security council to lift
the sanctions on libya.
ss/ks
end
::irna 06/04/99 09:19

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:54:36 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Security Council Suspends Sanctions Against Libya

Security Council Suspends Sanctions Against Libya
=================================================


thr 030
security council-libya-sanctions
security council suspends sanctions against libya
ehran, april 6, irna -- the security council announced the immediate
suspension of economic sanctions against libya after the two men
accused of the 1988 bombing of pan am flight 103 arrived in the
netherlands on monday to stand trial.
the embargo had been imposed because of libya's lack of
cooperation with the investigation into the case, said a press
release issued by the u.n. information center in tehran tuesday.
the announcement came at the u.n. headquarters in new york after
u.n. secretary-general kofi annan reported to the council the
transfer of the libyan nationals from tripoli into the custody of
dutch law enforcement officials.
the exchange was in accordance with an agreement by the
governments of libya, the united kingdom and the united states to
have the men tried in a scottish court convened in the netherlands.
in a statement to the media, security council president
ambassador alain dejammet of france said the conditions set forth
in its resolution 1192 of 1998 had been fulfilled and that the
sanctions were therefore ''effectively suspended.''
according to the resolution the council's action would come only
if the two men charged with blowing up the pan am jetliner over
lockerbie, scotland, were to arrive in the netherlands for trial
before a scottish court and if the libyan government had satisfied
the french judicial authorities with regard to the bombing of uta
772.
ys/ks
end
::irna 06/04/99 14:04

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:54:24 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Security Council Welcomes Hand-Over to UN of Two L

Security Council Welcomes Hand-Over to UN of Two Libyan Nationals
=================================================================


thr 004
security council-libya
security council welcomes hand-over to un of two libyan nationals
united nations, new york, april 6, irna -- the members of the
security council on monday welcomed the report of the
secretary-general kofi annan on the arrival in the netherlands of the
two persons charged with bombing of pan am airliner as well as
cooperation of libyan government with the french judicial authorities.
in a statement to the press by the president of the security
council, the members of the council said that with this report the
conditions set forth for the immediate suspension of the measures
established in the unsc resolutions 748 in 1992 and 883 in 1993
have been fulfilled.
these measures have been therefore effectively suspended, the
statement said.
the security council stated its readiness to suspend these
measures with a view to lifting them in accordance with the
provisions of resolution 883.
the members of the council express their deep satisfaction at
this development
they are grateful to the secretary-general as well as to all the
governments that have contributed to it, the statement said.
ss/ks
end
::irna 06/04/99 09:22

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:55:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran, France Parliamentary Friendship Groups Meet

Iran, France Parliamentary Friendship Groups Meet
===================================================


thr 070
iran-france
iran, france parliamentary friendship groups meet
tehran, april 6, irna -- members of iran-france parliamentary
freindship group met at the compounds of the islamic consultative
assembly (majlis) here today.
iranian head of the group mahmoud jamali referred to the common
cultural and social grounds between the two nations of iran and france
said that parliamentary relations between the two countries now stand
at a good level. he added that such visits between the iranian and
frnch members of the group would enhance relations between the two
nations.
head of the french parliamentary delegation michel bucheron
referred to the regional status of iran and france, and said that the
two countries play an important role at international fora. he also
proposed that iran and france further develop their relations in all
areas.
the french delegation also met with members of majlis commissions
on women's affairs, youth, and family affairs and engaged in an
informal discussion with majlis deputies on those areas.
the head of the french parliamentary delegation said that his
findings in iran had been very enlightening. he commented that upon
return home he would reflect his findigns at the french parliament
for the enlightment of french parliamentarians and the people at
large.
hr/hm
end
::irna 06/04/99 21:14

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:55:20 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: The Agency, Quoted a Statement Issued by Iraqi Sec

The Agency, Quoted a Statement Issued by Iraqi Security
=======================================================


06:00 a.m. Apr 06, 1999 Eastern
The agency, quoted a statement issued by Iraqi security, named
the executed men as Abdul-Hassan Abbas al-Kufi, Ali Kadhim
Jumam, Ahmed Mustafa Hassan Ardabili and Haider Ali Hussein
Ardabili. It did not say when and where they were executed.
Last month Iraqi television showed four people who it said had
confessed to being involved in the killing of al-Sadr, a leading
Shi'ite religious figure from the southern Iraqi holy city of
Najaf.

The death of the influential cleric, whose Friday prayer sermons
drew large crowds, sparked condemnation of the Baghdad
government in Iran and calls for revenge in Jordan.

But Iraq says it is the victim of a plot to break down the unity
of the country. A U.N. investigator last month cast severe
doubts on the Iraqi government's assertion it had nothing to do
with the murder of the cleric.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 00:55:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: U.N. Libya Move Opens Way for U.S. to Lift Oil San

U.N. Libya Move Opens Way for U.S. to Lift Oil Sanctions
========================================================


05:56 p.m Apr 05, 1999 Eastern
By Bernie Woodall

NEW YORK, April 5 (Reuters) - The suspension of United Nations
sanctions against Libya on Monday opens the way for the U.S. to
lift its unilateral sanctions, which have barred American oil
companies from Libya's oil industry for a decade, diplomats and
lobbyists said.

The U.N. on Monday suspended sanctions imposed in 1992 which
banned air travel and the import of certain weapons and oil
industry parts, while freezing Libya's foreign assets. The move
followed the handing over of two Libyan suspects in the 1988
terrorist bombing of a PanAm passenger flight.

Though the State Department, through its spokesman, said on
Monday that the U.S. would not lift its unilateral sanctions,
which pre-date the U.N.'s, until its specific conditions were
met, U.S. diplomatic sources said it was a move in the right
direction.

``This is clearly the stone falling in the pond,'' said the U.S.
official. ``This is what we've been waiting for for 10 years.
This is the beginning of movement (by Libya) that we've been
waiting for.''

Furthermore, Congress has been showing signs that it no longer
fervently supports unilateral sanctions in general, which may
help open the door for U.S. oil companies in Libya, the official
said, speaking on the condition of anonymity.

U.S. oil companies ``have been lining up'' in increasing numbers
since Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi indicated willingness
several months ago to hand over the two suspects. Enquies to
Administration officials spiked again on Monday with the release
of the two Libyan suspects, the official said.

But the companies can't start booking flights for Tripoli just
yet.

``The (Clinton) administration is actively considering the
issues involved,'' said one U.S. official, ``and there are many.
And it will be a process. It will not be something that will
change overnight.''

Erin Sugarman of National Foreign Trade Council, a group that
lobbies for the lifting of sanctions that restrict U.S.
companies, said there is momentum in Congress to loosen
unilateral sanctions, but she said she couldn't predict when
unilateral sanctions on Libya will be softened.
She said most of the bills introduced in the current Congress
call for the loosening or repeal of existing unilateral
sanctions in general, or at least give more power to the
president to waive them, Sugarman said.

But the thinking in Washington is still entrenched regarding
Libya as an international ``bad guy,'' she said.

``It probably will be quite a while before there is any change
in U.S. sanctions'' on Libya, Sugarman said.
U.S. sanctions prohibit banks from financing or arranging
transactions that ultimately benefit Libya, including brokering
third-country sales of Libyan crude oil or transportation for
Libyan cargo.

Separately, the U.S. Congress passed legislation in 1995 that
penalises foreign companies making new investments of more than
$40 million a year in Libya's oil sector. The law also covers
oil investments in Iran of $20 million annually.
Oil exports account for about 95 percent of Libya's hard
currency earnings. Currently, the country has 12 oilfields with
reserves of 1 billion barrels of crude or more, and two others
with reserves of 500 million to 1 billion barrels.

The United States figures that Libya's oil industry has lost
about $5 billion since 1992 when the U.N. sanctions were first
levied.

U.S. oil companies Exxon and Mobil left Libya in 1982 following
a U.S. trade embargo begun in 1981. Five other U.S. firms,
Amarada Hess, Conoco, Grace Petroleum, Marathon and Occidental,
remained active in Libya until 1986, when President Reagan
ordered them to end all their business activities there.

The U.N.'s oil sanctions, which were imposed in November 1993
and now lifted, banned the sale to Libya of equipment for the
country's oil and natural gas export terminals and refineries.

The U.N. Security Council now can vote within 90 days to
permanently lift the organisation's sanctions against Libya
following a report from U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 6 Apr 1999
***********************************