Date: Apr 9, 1999 [ 5: 21: 12]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 9 Apr 1999 - Special issue

From: Automatic digest processor


Return-Path: <owner-DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
Delivered-To: farhad@ALGONET.SE
Received: (qmail 6349 invoked from network); 9 Apr 1999 14:21:41 +0200
Received: from simorgh.gpg.com (205.158.6.22)
by tung.algonet.se with SMTP; 9 Apr 1999 14:21:41 +0200
Received: from simorgh (simorgh [205.158.6.22])
by simorgh.gpg.com (8.8.6/8.8.6) with ESMTP id FAA23746;
Fri, 9 Apr 1999 05:21:12 -0700 (PDT)
Message-Id: <199904091221.FAA23746@simorgh.gpg.com>
Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 05:21:12 -0700
Reply-To: dni-disc@D-N-I.ORG
Sender: DNI news list <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
From: Automatic digest processor <D-N-I@D-N-I.ORG>
Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 9 Apr 1999 - Special issue
To: Recipients of DNI-NEWS digests <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>

There are 23 messages totalling 1227 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. PRESS DIGEST - Iran - April 7
2. UK's Premier Still Interested in Iran Despite Losi
3. Weekly Trading at Tehran Stock Exchange
4. onstructive role of russia and europe we should pr
5. Responsibility Lies with Gov'ts to Create Smoke-Fr
6. On Libya After Delivering the 2 Suspects
7. Zan Daily Director Protests to Ban Order
8. IHRC Secretary Comments on Press Offenses
9. All Press Offenses Should be Investigated by Press
10. Clear Definition of Judiciary's Jurisdiction Neede
11. FOCUS-Iran Frees Jailed German Businessman on Bail
12. Iran Reformers See More Trouble After Daily Closed
13. German National Hofer to Be Released on Bail
14. German-Chancellery Affairs Minister to Arrive in T
15. Johannesburg-Tehran Ties to Expand in All Fields -
16. Italian Navy Ship Visits Iran
17. FOCUS-Iran to Free German Businessman on Bail
18. South African FM Arrives in Tehran
19. French MP Hopes Khatami's Paris Visit Will Take Pl
20. Two Killed in Shrine Door Collapse in Iran
21. 2 killed, 6 Injured in Accident in Holy Shrine in
22. French, Iranian MPs Discuss Situation in Kosovo
23. Iraqi War Prisoners Die in Iran's Camps - Paper

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 13:47:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: PRESS DIGEST - Iran - April 7

PRESS DIGEST - Iran - April 7
=============================


07:36 a.m. Apr 07, 1999 Eastern
- An Islamic revolutionary court banned the moderate daily Zan
(Woman). A Zan editor said the court objected to the publication
by the newspaper of an Iranian New Year greeting by former
Empress Farah Diba. She said the court was also reacting to a
caricature which appeared to mock Iran's Islamic laws under
which the ``blood money'' for a murdered woman is half that for
a man. Blood money is the sum paid by a murderer to the victim's
family to obtain a pardon from a death sentence.

- Culture and Islamic Guidance Minister Ataollah Mohajerani said
his ministry would participate actively in events marking the
100-year anniversary of the birthday of the late revolutionary
leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

QODS

- Mines and Metals Minister Eshaq Jahangiri said his ministry
would study a plan to hand over some of its unfinished projects
to the private sector. Officials say thousands of development
projects are left unfinished because of a lack of state funds
due to a fall in oil revenues.

IRAN DAILY

- Russia's ambassador in Tehran said there was no evidence of
ethnic cleansing in Kosovo before NATO air strikes against
Yugoslavia. He blamed ``NATO aggression'' for provoking a
refugee crisis in the Balkans.

HAMSHAHRI

- Deputy Economy and Finance Minister Ali Akbar Arabmazar said
the state's tax earnings rose five percent to 18.6 trillion
rials ($6.2 billion) in the Iranian year that ended on March 20.
He said the amount was 95 percent of the forecast tax revenue.

- Because of a fall in oil prices, Iran had a trade balance
deficit of $545 million in the first nine months of the last
Iranian year, compared to a surplus of $2.6 billion in the same
period a year earlier, according to Central Bank figures.

- Water authorities cautioned they would raise water prices this
summer for families using too much water. Iran expects water
shortages following low winter rainfall.

SALAM

- Intercity coach fares have dropped 25 percent from peak levels
in the Iranian New Year holidays in late March to early April.
Iran's intercity bus system is run by state-affiliated
cooperatives.

KHORDAD

- Two Albanian parliament members are to visit Iran next week
for talks with Iranian counterparts and officials.
ABRAR-E EQTESADI

- The state fisheries said it would boost shrimp cultivation to
increase production to 3,500 tonnes in the current Iranian year
that began on March 21, from 850 tonnes last year.


($1-3,000 rials at the official exchange rate)

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 13:47:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: UK's Premier Still Interested in Iran Despite Losi

UK's Premier Still Interested in Iran Despite Losing Balal
==========================================================


thr 057
uk premier-iran
uk's premier still interested in iran despite losing balal
london, apr. 7, irna - british independent premier oil says it remains
interested in winning a development licence in iran despite losing out
to elf aquitaine of france in the key balal project over the weekend.
its chief executive charles jamieson was quoted by iinoil
network saying he did not personally know why elf replaced premier
but said his company was "continuing to negotiate with the national
iranian oil company."
"we are still committed to looking at opportunities there and
hopefully concluding one some time in the future," he said.
premier was reported to be unable to finance its bulk share of
the dlrs 169 m capital expenditure budget for balal agreed with
bow valley energy of canada.
middle eastern economic survey (mees) reported last week that the
british company could not meet a second deadline of march 20 to
finalize the contract and had sent officials to tehran for more time
to line up financial support.
the balal project was due to have been signed by march 6 after
being delayed last year when bakrie minarak petroleum of indonesia
withdrew because of economic difficulties.
mees said that elf had already held in-depth discussion with
bow valley when it was looking for a replacement but had held off
until it finalised the larger joint venture at the offshore doroud
field last month.
hc/rr
end
::irna 07/04/99 18:43

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 13:47:18 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Weekly Trading at Tehran Stock Exchange

Weekly Trading at Tehran Stock Exchange
=======================================


thr 061
stock-exchange
weekly trading at tehran stock exchange
tehran, april 7, irna -- 12,324,063 shares, worth more than rls
95.513 billion, were traded in 2,356 turns for 1,417 applicants here
at tehran stock exchange from april 3-7.
increases of 133.34 and 275.10 percent were recorded in the number
and value of shares traded this week respectively, compared to the
previous week's figures.
general price index of shares this week reached 1,551.50 points,
up 9.08 points, compared to the preceding week's figure.
bg/rr
end
::irna 07/04/99 19:26

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 13:59:36 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: onstructive role of russia and europe we should pr

with them to resolve the crisis."
the oic secretary general then informed kharrazi on the latest
measures carried out regarding the kosovo crisis.
kharrazi arrived in geneva wednesday morning at the head of a
political delegation to preside over the meeting of the oic contact
group on kosovo crisis.
pm/ks
end
::irna 07/04/99 23:58

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 14:00:28 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Responsibility Lies with Gov'ts to Create Smoke-Fr

Responsibility Lies with Gov'ts to Create Smoke-Free Environment
================================================================


thr 013
who-tobacco-press
responsibility lies with gov'ts to create smoke-free environment
tehran, april 7, irna -- the english daily 'kayhan international'
wednesday commenting on the harmful effects of nicotine addiction said
that ultimate responsibility lies with governments to create a
smoke-free environment by passing a relevant legislation which will
contribute to smoking cessation efforts.
''when governments can pass laws on harmful drugs and their
uses, and ban their use in many cases, why not on tobacco?'' asked
the article in the viewpoint column of the paper.
referring to the upcoming occasion of the 'world no-tobacco day
1999' on may 31, the daily noted that the world health organization
(who) has in an advisory kit warned ''by the year 2020, it is
predicted that tobacco will become the leading cause of death and
disability, killing more than 10 million people annually, 2m of these
in china alone, thus causing more deaths world-wide than hiv,
tuberculosis, maternal mortality, motor vehicle accidents, suicide,
and homicide combined.''
the daily further added ''every year, tobacco causes 3.5m deaths
or about 10,000 deaths per day, says who. one million of these deaths
currently occur in developing countries. the global tobacco epidemic
is predicted to prematurely claim the lives of some 250m children and
adolescents, a third of whom are in developing countries, according
to the world's health watch-dog.
who has classified smoking as an addition and what is more
noteworthy is that in the ranking of the addictiveness of
psycho-active drugs, nicotine was determined to be ''more addictive
that heroin, cocaine, alcohol, caffeine and marijuana,'' noted the
article.
however, since tobacco trade is a lucrative industry, which
also brings in millions in foreign revenue into state coffers,
governments are not interested in banning smoking by legislation,
though they are very well aware of the detrimental effects of
cigarette smoking on public health, it added.
who furthermore points out ''the tobacco industry has carefully
marketed its product into a successful social and behavioral, not to
mention physiological niche. once addicted to the nicotine in
cigarettes, smokers have a difficult time ending their habit, both
behaviorally and physiologically,'' noted kayhan international in
conclusion.
fh/ks
end
::irna 07/04/99 10:58

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 14:00:16 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: On Libya After Delivering the 2 Suspects

Libya Invites More Oil Investment as Sanctions Ease
===================================================


08:37 a.m. Apr 07, 1999 Eastern
By Andrew Mitchell

LONDON, April 7 (Reuters) - Libya is planning to entice more
foreign investment to its oil sector following the suspension of
United Nations sanctions, consultants in contact with Tripoli
said on Wednesday.

Libya, in discussions to award 14 new oil exploration blocks, is
considering sweetening investment terms for foreign oil
companies, said Geneva's Petroconsultants.
European companies, including Italy's ENI, Austria's OMV,
Spain's Repsol and Germany's Wintershall already produce around
one third of Libya's 1.3 million barrels a day of oil.

Momentum for fresh investment gathered on Wednesday as Libyan
Oil Minister Abdullah Salem al-Badri expressed the hope that his
country might soon see the return of American firms -- still
banned by unilateral U.S. measures in place since 1986.

U.N. sanctions imposed in 1992, including an air embargo and a
ban on equipment for refineries, were suspended on Monday after
Libya's delivery for trial of two men suspected of the 1988
bombing of a Pan Am airliner over Lockerbie, Scotland.

The diplomatic breakthrough provides an opportunity for European
oil firms to forge further ahead in Libyan energy ventures at
the expense of excluded U.S. companies.

Wintershall and ENI head the pack to deepen European involvement
in the country, with Repsol and Britain's Lasmo also well
placed, Dmitri Massaras of Petroconsultants said.

European firms will have to move fast. Diplomats in Washington
said this week that the handover of the Lockerbie suspects could
ease the way for the United States to lift its own strict trade
and investment ban.

Libya made clear on Wednesday that it is keen to resume oil ties
with Washington. ``We invite U.S. firms which were our
associates in the past to return to the Jamahiriya (Libya) and
continue their production,'' Badri told Reuters.

``Our doors are opendoors are open to talk with them and to facilitate
their
operations and their return in Libya.''
Libya hopes new foreign capital will help make up for the
crippling effect of last year's oil price crash. State-owned
National Oil Corporation cut its budget this year by 40 percent
to $500 million, Petroconsultants said.

Libya's oil investment terms have been largely unchanged since a
model contract was set up over 10 years ago. Easier terms could
also enhance foreign firms' financial returns at some 21 other
blocks designated for future negotiations.

The biggest improvements will be seen at ventures which have to
build new facilities in remote locations. Details on the new
arrangements are expected to emerge at a Geneva conference on
Libyan energy later this month.

Occidental is one U.S. company expected to benefit when
Washington eventually lifts its own sanctions, through its close
relationship with current Libyan player Canadian Occidental.
U.S. Marathon and Amerada Hess are also likely frontrunners,
analysts said.

Seven years of U.N. sanctions proved little more than an
inconvenience to existing projects by European companies. Libyan
oil production has fallen as a result of commitments to OPEC
restrictions rather than the U.N. ban on some equipment.

And a drought of new upstream deals in the last few years was
partly due to the Iran-Libya Sanctions Act which Washington
created in 1996 to try and choke off all energy investment in
the two countries.

European countries purchase about a million barrels daily of oil
from Libya and a big export pipeline project planned by Italy's
ENI across the Mediterranean would also make the north African
country a growing source of gas for Europe.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.


INTERVIEW-Libya Says Wants U.S. oil Firms Back
==============================================


09:17 a.m. Apr 07, 1999 Eastern
By Abdelaziz Barrouhi

TUNIS, April 7 (Reuters) - Libya's energy minister Abdullah
Salem al-Badri wasted no time on Wednesday in inviting U.S. oil
firms to return to Libya two days after U.N. sanctions were
suspended.

``We invite U.S. firms which were our associates in the past to
return to the Jamahiriya (Libya) and continue production,''
Badri told Reuters in a telephone interview from Tunis.

``Our doors are open to talk with them and to facilitate their
operations and their return to Libya,'' he added.

But unilateral U.S. sanctions dating back to the 1980s mean U.S.
firms are unlikely to return to Libya any time soon, and it is
European firms which filled the gap left by the Americans then
who are likely to benefit from the easing of sanctions.

U.S. oil companies, Exxon and Mobil, withdrew from Libya in
1982, a year after the United States imposed a trade embargo on
Libya.

Five other companies, Amerada Hess, Conoco, Grace Petroleum,
Marathon, and Occidental, remained in Libya until 1986, when
President Ronald Reagan ordered them to cease activities there.

U.N. sanctions imposed in 1992, were suspended on Monday after
Libya handed over two men suspected in the bombing of a Pan Am
airliner over Lockerbie, Scotland, in 1988.

The U.S. State Department said that even though Libya had turned
over the suspects for trial by a Scottish court in the
Netherlands, Washington would not remove its own sanctions yet.

``We need to have additional concerns alleviated (by Libya)
before we will address modifying sanctions,'' State Department
spokesman James Rubin told reporters in Washington.
Another deterrent is the U.S. Iran-Libya Sanctions Act of 1996,
which penalises any company investing in the energy sectors of
Iran and Libya.
``This law is not respected,'' Badri said, referring to deals
concluded recently between European oil firms and Iran.

Badri, describing Libya as ``a virgin for exploration,'' said he
was ready to negotiate both with European companies and U.S.
companies not previously involved in Libya.

``Libya is an important state in terms of its oil reserves and
production, and a market which is very close to Europe and the
European oil firms. We invite these (European) firms to enter
much more (in Libya),'' Badri said.

Badri said an international oil conference would be held in
Geneva on April 19-20 on opportunities for investing in Libya.

Several European oil companies, including Italian, French,
German, Spanish and Austrian firms, are active in Libyan oil
exploration and production, accounting for a third of Libya's
oil output of 1.3 million barrels per day (bpd).

Oil exports account for about 95 percent of Libya's hard
currency earnings. The country has 12 oilfields with reserves of
one billion barrels of crude or more, and two others with
reserves of 500 million to one billion barrels.

Badri said Libya was complying fully with output cuts agreed by
the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries last
month. Libya pledged to cut 96,000 bpd from April 1.

Foreign experts have said the U.N. sanctions, coupled with the
U.S. embargo, delayed a number of field developments and oil
recovery projects. Production from some Libyan fields has been
in decline because of a lack of spare parts.
``The suspension of U.N. sanctions will enable swift and easier
acquisition of equipment and spare parts,'' Badri said.

He added that the end of an air ban would make it easier for the
estimated 3,000 foreign oil workers to travel in and out of
Libya while reducing costs E0uBC-MUNDO-PINOCHET-ESPAInA@


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

UK Firms Anxious to Renew Business with Libya
=============================================

thr 032
uk-libya trade
uk firms anxious to renew business with libya
london, apr. 7, irna - british companies are wasting no time in
renewing business links with libya following monday's handover of
two lockerbie bombing suspects but may face delays before different
sanctions regimes are lifted.
the british libyan business group was reported wednesday to be
planning a direct flight to tripoli to "fly the flag and open
negotiations for major business development."
former liberal democrat leader, lord steel, conservative mp
teddy taylor and left-wing labour mp tam dalyell are among public
figures being invited to join the delegation, according to the
guardian newspaper.
but both the foreign office and department of trade and industry
have warned that the formalities of lifting sanctions could take
months to complete. apart from the un embargo, separate bilateral
and eu sanctions need to be removed.
there is also the threat of extraterritorial u.s. sanctions
against non-american firms investing in libya's oil industry that
remain in legislation and similarly affect foreign companies dealing
with iran.
britain also has a lot of catching up to do with european rivals
with pre-sanctions exports to libya in worth only pnds 228 million
(dlrs 365 m) in 1992, while imports, mainly petroleum products and
organic chemicals, reached pnds 162 m.
several uk firms reportedly have already been involved in
exploratory talks. the most noted is defense contractor, british
aerospace, which is said to be seeking a pnds 6 billion contract
to provide new airport facilities and pilot training.
hc/ks
end
::irna 07/04/99 14:16

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:45:54 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Zan Daily Director Protests to Ban Order

Zan Daily Director Protests to Ban Order
========================================


thr 003
hashemi-zan
zan daily director protests to ban order
tehran, april 8, irna -- the managing director of the daily zan, ms.
faezeh hashemi said here wednesday that the order by the islamic
revolution's court to close the paper was outside the court's legal
status.
the daily was banned indefinitely upon an order by the islamic
revolution's court for publishing a message from iran's former
empress and printing a cartoon which was said to be anti-islamic.
hashemi said that based on articles 27, 28 and 36 of the press
law, the charges levelled against her daily must be dealt with by the
press court as it was a press offense.
she said the publication of farah diba's message on the occasion
of the new iranian year, did not mean its endorsement by the paper.
it was only published because of its news value, she said.
"propagation about something is when you m
ke a judgment regarding
the issue," she said. she said she had not made any comment about
farah diba's message because "i did not think there is a single person
in the society who would not know the vicious pahlavi dynasty and the
injustice they have done to our country."
she also accused the right faction of launching extensive attempts
to eliminate some newspapers and individuals on the eve of the next
majlis elections.
she said the recent remarks of the judiciary chief ayatollah
mohammad yazdi about the press, upholding of former tehran mayor
gholamhussein karbaschi's jail sentence, the closure of the daily
zan, the transfer of the daily hamshahri (whose managing director is
karbaschi) to the cultural and artistic organization of the
municipality, and the possibility of impeachment by the majlis of the
minister of culture and islamic guidance ataollah mohajerani, were
chain events organized by the right faction to eliminate the
opposition and thus win more votes in the sixth majlis elections.
faezeh hashemi also denied charges that her party, the executives
of construction had got close to the right wing. "we have been
acting on the basis of our own principles and the reason for the
right faction's confrontation with the executives is because they
regard the executives the main cause of the may 23 events (election
of president kahatami)."
ks/ks
end
::irna 08/04/99 00:39

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:46:22 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: IHRC Secretary Comments on Press Offenses

IHRC Secretary Comments on Press Offenses
=========================================


thr 034
iran-press
ihrc secretary comments on press offenses
tehran, april 8, irna -- investigating press and political offenses
is possible only through observance of article 168 of the constitution
of the islamic republic of iran, secretary of islamic human rights
commission mohammad hassan ziaeifar said on thursday.
in a message faxed to irna on thursday, he said that to deal
with any probable press offense in iran, there is no way but to
observe the article 168 of the constitution and the press law.
according to the public relation office of the islamic human
rights commission, ziaeifar said that resorting to any other means in
this regard will result in nothing but deviation from the press law
and creation of tension in society.
the experiences acquired last year by the authorities should
be taken into consideration, he said adding that when the law
explicitly clarifies the duties of everyone why a shock should be
given to the society which will unnecessarily preoccupy everyone
for a long time.
mm/rr
end
::irna 08/04/99 16:07

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:46:14 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: All Press Offenses Should be Investigated by Press

All Press Offenses Should be Investigated by Press Court
========================================================


thr 033
press-court-zan
all press offenses should be investigated by press court
tehran, april 8, irna -- the press and publicity department of the
ministry of culture and islamic guidance stre
ssed wednesday night
that according to article 168 of the constitution, all press offenses
should be dealt with by the press court in open sessions and in the
presence of a jury.
the department made the remark in a statement following the
closure until further notice of 'zan' newspaper by the revolutionary
court of tehran wednesday.
the islamic revolutionary court banned the morning paper on
charges of publishing parts of a new year message of farah diba, wife
of the ex-shah of iran, and a caricature ridiculing blood money.
the statement said that the newspaper published a short report on
one of the notorious figures of the former regime in its april 3 issue
and the department, based on article 9 of the press law, sent a
warning in writing to its managing director, ms. faezeh hashemi
deploring their negligence.
the secretariat of the press supervisory board failed to hold an
emergency session to discuss the case after being informed that ms.
hashemi had been summoned to the revolutionary court on april 6 and
after getting information on details of talks between ms. hashemi and
the court officials because two members of the board could not be
reached.
it was decided that the board holds a meeting as soon as the
members could gather together to discuss the offenses of the managing
director of zan and the conduct of the revolutionary court.
the department was informed on wednesday morning that the newspaper
had been banned and later a letter was received from the inspector
of the third branch of the islamic revolutionary court which called
for halt to the publication of the newspaper until further notice when
the court holds a hearing.
the department said that the sensitivity of journalism
necessitates that the managers of the press pay due attention to
choosing and publishing articles.
stressing that the possibility of making mistakes is unavoidable
in journalism, the department said what was covered by zan daily due
to negligence cannot be approved and it was essential for the
managers of the paper to clearly apologize for the mistake the very
next day.
expressing regret that the officials at revolutionary court had
not paid due attention to the previous statement of the department, it
said the text of the letter sent by the third branch of the islamic
revolutionary court to the ministry indicates that in its previous
statement on deprivation of five members of the jury the department
had announced that the press court is closed.
with this assumption, the revolutionary court took measures to
prevent publication of the 'zan' newspaper.
the statement said while respecting freedom of the writing
and safeguarding the boundaries of press freedom, the department said
it expected the officials of the revolutionary court to contribute to
creation of an atmosphere of fraternity.
ys/rr
end
::irna 08/04/99 15:31

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:46:30 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Clear Definition of Judiciary's Jurisdiction Neede

Clear Definition of Judiciary's Jurisdiction Needed: Paper
==========================================================


thr 021
daily-closure-press
clear definition of judiciary's jurisdiction needed: paper
tehran, april 8, irna -- the english daily 'iran news' thursday
commenting on the closure of the daily 'zan' ordered by the
revolutionary court said what is of great significance is the fact
that since the 1979 islamic revolution in iran, the press community
has had no opportunity whatsoever to be guided by specific and clear
written set of laws.
''the fact is that journals without a transparent definition of
press offenses which distinguishes them from political and other
infractions of the law, are constantly under the damocles sword of the
revolutionary court,'' pointed out the editorial.
as per the existing laws of the country, ''press offenses must be
dealt with by the press court and therefore, the move by the
revolutionary court in closing the daily proves that the
jurisdiction of the various branches of the judiciary sometimes
overlap. during the past few years, such instances of overlapping
has been experienced in the actions of the special court for the
clergy,'' it noted.
the judiciary must therefore use this opportunity to first clearly
define the jurisdictions of its various courts and then codify press
offenses in equally clear terms, pointed out the daily in
conclusion.
fh/rr
end
::irna 08/04/99 13:22

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:47:02 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: FOCUS-Iran Frees Jailed German Businessman on Bail

FOCUS-Iran Frees Jailed German Businessman on Bail
==================================================


07:23 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, April 8 (Reuters) - An Iranian court on Thursday ordered
German businessman Helmut Hofer, jailed for an alleged sexual
affair with a Moslem woman, to be freed on bail, his lawyer
said.

Hofer's release paves the way for a possible resolution of a
case that has soured relations between Tehran and Bonn.

Lawyer Malek Houshang Qahari told Reuters bail had been set at
500 million rials ($166,000), and that he had asked the German
embassy to provide the money so that he could get Hofer released
by Saturday.

``He has escaped danger. This is a sign of Hofer's innocence. I
am happy the judge respected the law and Islamic teachings.
Because the trial was taking too long, they decided to release
him for the time being without any other conditions,'' he said.

``But this is not the end of the case.'' the lawyer added. ``The
trial has to take its course. But I am sure he will be acquitted
100 percent.''

Hofer was sentenced to death last year after being found guilty
of having sex with a 27-year-old unmarried medical student.

The ruling was subsequently upheld by an appeals court. But last
February the supreme court threw out the case and called for a
retrial. In March, the head of Iran's judiciary said the case
would be resolved ``soon.''

Under Iranian law, a non-Moslem man can face execution if found
guilty of having sex outside marriage with a Moslem woman.

The death sentence handed down to Hofer angered Germany and
soured relations between the two countries.

($1-3,000 rials at the official rate)


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:46:54 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran Reformers See More Trouble After Daily Closed

Iran Reformers See More Trouble After Daily Closed
==================================================


09:28 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
By Jonathan Lyons

TEHRAN, April 8 (Reuters) - Iran's reformers have bitterly
condemned the closing by a revolutionary court of one of their
leading newspapers, fearing the move presages a broader assault
on political, social and religious liberties.

The Islamic Revolutionary Court on Tuesday night blocked the
printing of the daily Zan, a leading daily targeted at women,
citing publication of Iranian New Year greetings from the shah's
widow Farah Diba. It also blamed a cartoon lampooning the
Islamic tradition of blood money.

``The publication of Farah Diba's letter was a blatant
anti-revolutionary move and propaganda in favor of the
monarchy,'' Gholamhossein Rahbarpour, head of Tehran
Revolutionary Court, said in remarks published on Thursday.

``The cartoon ridiculed a central judicial and jurisprudential
tenet of Islam, and we regard it as a direct insult.''

Rahbarpour said the newspaper would remain closed until
publisher Faezeh Hashemi, a prominent political figure and
daughter of former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, could
stand trial. No date has been set for her hearing.

The ban against Zan (Woman) has ignited a firestorm of criticism
by commentators supporting Iran's President Mohammad Khatami.
Many warned other reformist institutions and political figures
would face similar prosecution by the conservative clerical
establishment.
Hashemi defended her daily, telling a news conference people had
a right to information about their past and traditions.
Revolutionary courts -- set up after the 1979 revolution
toppled the shah -- had no authority over press cases, she said.

``A new onslaught has started. The (ultimate) target is the next
parliamentary election (set for March, 2000),'' she said.

The moderate daily Arya, in an editorial headlined ``Zan, the
First Victim,'' said the ban reflected growing fear among
conservatives they were losing influence to pro-Khatami forces.

They were striking, the newspaper said, at the reformers
themselves rather than challenge them in the democratic arena,
where hardliners have fared poorly since Khatami's 1997
landslide election victory.

Analysts say the factionalism that has plagued virtually every
institution of Iranian social and political life was coming to a
head in the long run-up to the parliamentary polls.

A strong showing by Khatami's allies would clear the way for a
profound acceleration of his social and political reform of
Iran's Islamic system. To date, hardliners in control of
parliament have proved one of the chief obstacles to his
promised creation cles to his
promised creation of a civil society under the rule of law.

As such, Hashemi's newspaper made an inviting target.

Its head is a key member of the Executives of Construction, a
top moderate party founded by backers of her still-powerful
father. The party, together with Moslem leftists, fuelled
Khatami's 1997 poll success and could do well next March.

The newspaper has also riled traditionalists by championing
women's rights. Lately it focused on the tradition of setting a
woman's ``blood money'' -- paid by a murderer to the victim's
family to avoid a death sentence -- at half that of a man.

The closing of Zan came in the face of efforts by Khatami's
ministry of culture to censure the newspaper but keep it open.

It follows strong signals that the suspended Tehran mayor, a
powerful supporter of the president and head of the Executives
of Construction, would soon be jailed for graft.

Hardliners have also announced plans to impeach the liberal
culture minister, another prominent member of the Executives,
and a trial has been set for next week of a leading reformist
cleric on charges of slandering the Islamic system.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:47:18 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: German National Hofer to Be Released on Bail

German National Hofer to Be Released on Bail
============================================


thr 045
hofer-bail
german national hofer to be released on bail
tehran, april 9, irna -- german national hofer in a tehran prison
on charges of illegitimate relations with a muslim woman is to be
released as soon as a bail is deposited for his release.
spokesman of the iranian judiciary said that bench no. 1406 of
tehran general court convened thursday in the presense of the defense
attorney to rehear the case a ruling of which had earlier on been
reversed by the supreme court.
defense ttorney of the german national said that the court
eventually decided to release the german national on bail, and that as
soon as the bail has been desposited for his conditional release hofer
would be bailed out.
the german national has yet to deposit the bail with the court.
hr/hm
end
::irna 08/04/99 22:20

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:47:24 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: German-Chancellery Affairs Minister to Arrive in T

German-Chancellery Affairs Minister to Arrive in Tehran Saturday
================================================================


thr 049
hombach-iran-visit
german-chancellery affairs minister to arrive in tehran saturday
tehran, april 8, irna -- german minister of chancellery affairs
udo hombach is to arrive in tehran satruday for talks with the head
of the iranian presidential office, seyed-mohammad-ali abtahi.
the iranian official told irna that he would welcome the visit to
tehran by the german official and hoped that the visit would help
broaden relations between iran and germany.
hr/hm
end
::irna 08/04/99 23:35

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:47:38 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Johannesburg-Tehran Ties to Expand in All Fields -

Johannesburg-Tehran Ties to Expand in All Fields - Envoy
========================================================


thr 014
iran-s.africa-moolla
johannesburg-tehran ties to expand in all fields - envoy
tehran, april 8, irna -- south african foreign minister alfred nzo
is due to arrive here today and a prominent diplomat from that
country believes that ''johannesburg-tehran ties are going to expand
in all areas of cooperation.''
in an interview with the english daily 'tehran times' published
thursday, ambassador musa moolla added that several proposals are to
be discussed by both sides during the two-day talks.
the proposals are for cooperation in economic, trade, scientific
and political areas between two countries, he said.
referring to import and export activities between the two
countries, he said that during the years 1995 to 1997 south africa
was one of the major importers of iranian crude worth dlrs one
billion. however, he noted that iran's imports from south africa is
not what it should have been.
''in political and other areas on the international front, both
iran and south africa now enjoy a special status because, currently,
tehran is the head of the oic and johannesburg is heading nam,'' the
envoy pointed out.
an expert on nam affairs, ms. tahera sultan, also told the
daily that the south african president nelson mandela is respected
widely for his unprecedented anti-apartheid struggle just as
mahatma gandhi of india and added that both countries enjoy
numerous common factors including their struggle against imperialism.
minister nzo is expected to meet president mohammad khatami, first
vice-president hassan habibi and other senior iranian government
officials.
fh/ys
end
::irna 08/04/99 13:01

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:47:28 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Italian Navy Ship Visits Iran

Italian Navy Ship Visits Iran
=============================


05:51 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
BANDAR ABBAS, Iran April 8 (Reuters) - An Italian navy ship
docked at an Iranian Gulf port on Thursday for a friendly visit,
the first of its kind by a Western warship since the 1979
Islamic revolution.

The ship docked at Bandar Abbas port in Hormouzgan province
early on Thursday and will stay there until Monday. A number of
Iranian navy officials and Italian embassy staff greeted the
Italian crew.

``The orientation visit is a friendly gesture aimed at
strengthening cooperation between the two states,'' the Italian
embassy said in a statement.

Relations between Iran and the West, tense since the revolution,
have been on the mend under the presidency of moderate cleric
Mohammad Khatami.

Khatami travelled to Italy last month, making him the first
Iranian president to visit Western Europe in two decades.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:47:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: FOCUS-Iran to Free German Businessman on Bail

FOCUS-Iran to Free German Businessman on Bail
=============================================


02:12 p.m Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, April 8 (Reuters) - An Iranian court on Thursday ordered
German businessman Helmut Hofer, jailed for an alleged sexual
affair with a Moslem woman, to be freed on bail, Iran's
judiciary said.

Hofer's release could pave the way for the resolution of a case
that has soured relations between Tehran and Bonn.

``Hofer has not been acquitted. He has been merely freed on bail
based on a ruling of the judge in charge of the case and his
trial will be held subsequently,'' Iranian state television
quoted a judiciary spokesman as saying.

The spokesman told Iran's news agency IRNA that Hofer was still
in jail late on Thursday because he could not raise bail. He
said the businessman would not be allowed to leave Iran.

Hofer's lawyer Malek Houshang Qahari said earlier he had asked
the German embassy to help raise bail of 500 million rials
($166,000) so Hofer could be released by Saturday after the
Moslem weekend on Friday.

``He has escaped danger. This is a sign of Hofer's innocence. I
am happy the judge respected the law and Islamic teachings.
Because the trial was taking too long, they decided to release
him for the time being without any other conditions,'' he said.
``But this is not the end of the case,'' the lawyer added. ``The
trial has to take its course. But I am sure he will be acquitted
100 percent,'' Qahari told Reuters.

Hofer was sentenced to death last year after he was convicted of
having sex with a 27-year-old unmarried medical student.
The ruling was upheld by an appeals court. But last February the
supreme court threw out the case and called for a retrial. In
March, the head of the judiciary said the case would be resolved
``soon.''

In Bonn, a German government spokesman said Chancellery Minister
Bodo Hombach would fly to the Gulf region this weekend, but
there was no confirmation he would visit Tehran.

Opposition politician Werner Hoyer, former Junior Minister in
the Foreign Ministry, said he hoped Hombach would succeed in
securing a final and satisfactory outcome to the Hofer affair.

Under Iranian law, a non-Moslem man can face execution if found
guilty of having sex outside marriage with a Moslem woman.

Hofer's death sentence angered Germany and soured relations
between the two countries, which have extensive trade ties.

($1-3,000 rials)


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:47:44 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: South African FM Arrives in Tehran

South African FM Arrives in Tehran
==================================


thr 044
nzo-visit
south african fm arrives in tehran
tehran, april 8, irna -- south african foreign minister alfred nzo
arrived in tehran for a state visit at the head of a delegation from
his country thursday.
at tehran mehrabad airport, he told reporters that his visit to
the iranian capital is to broaden south africa's relations with iran.
asked to comment on the situation in kosovo, he condemned the mass
killing of kosovar muslims and their displacement, and observed that
the united nations should step in to end the crisis.
during his visit to tehran, the african official is to participate
in the fourth iran-south africa joint commission on economic
cooperation as well as meet with a number of iranian officials among
them the speaker of the majlis of iran ali-akbar nateq nouri, first
vice president hassan habibi.
the fourth joint economic commission of the two countries has
transportation, agriulture, mines and industries, telecommunications
and tourism, science and cultural activities on its agenda.
hr/hm
end
::irna 08/04/99 21:18

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:48:02 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: French MP Hopes Khatami's Paris Visit Will Take Pl

French MP Hopes Khatami's Paris Visit Will Take Place Soon
==========================================================


thr 071
iran-france-bucheron
french mp hopes khatami's paris visit will take place soon
tehran, april 7, irna -- a senior french parliamentarian said here
wednesday that france was determined to expand its relations and
cooperation with iran.
michel bucheron, head of a parliamentary delegation currently
visiting iran, told iran's deputy foreign minister for europe and
the americas, morteza sarmadi that president mohammad khatami's
visit to france would be very important. "we hope this visit will
take place as soon as possible," he stressed.
president khatami was scheduled to visit paris this month but the
presidential office announced the postponement of the visit because
of the french government's failure to "observe islamic rules" during
his visit.
the problem was apparently over serving wine at official
receptions, which president khatami cannot afford because of
iran's commitment to islamic rules.
bucheron also expressed hope that the french parliamentary
delegation's tehran visit will help promote parliamentary ties
between the two countries. untries.

sarmadi welcomed the idea and said this would also help the two
governments act more independently in the arena of foreign diplomacy.
he cited confidence in national cultures, refusal to give in to
domination of foreign cultures, and belief in the principle of
equity in relations between countries as common characteristics of
iran and france.
the two sides also discussed a number of international issues,
including the ongoing crisis in the balkans.
in related news, bucheron attended a round-table session at the
institute for political and international studies (ipis) of the
foreign ministry wednesday.
speaking at the meeting, he said that countries such as iran and
france which enjoy very rich cultures, could not tolerate cultural
domination of other countries.
the french mp also deplored the serbs for their crimes in kosovo
and said france could not see the massacre and displacement of
thousands of refugees in yugoslavia.
he said the nato strikes against yugoslavia were legitimate based
on the very principle of u.n. charter.
bucheron, who is chairman of the iran-france parliamentary
friendship group, said the aim of the nato strikes on belgrade was
to check the attacks of yugoslavia against the kosovar muslims.
meanwhile, the french delegation arrived in isfahan wednesday to
visit the historical sites in the city.
ks/ks
end
::irna 08/04/99 00:08

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:48:30 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Two Killed in Shrine Door Collapse in Iran

Two Killed in Shrine Door Collapse in Iran
==========================================


Xinhua
08-APR-99

TEHRAN (April 8) XINHUA - Two people were killed and six others
injured in the collapse of a hall door of a shrine in Mashhad,
northeastern Khorasan province, an official from the shrine
administration announced on Thursday.

Mohammad Ali Shabestari, deputy technical head of the shrine
administration told the Islamic Republic News Agency that the
incident happened at 18:30 local time (1400 GMT) on Wednesday.

He said the hall was under repair and the reason of the collapse
of the door was the weight of the wall, which is about 20 meters
high above the door.

The injured have been rushed to hospital and they are in
critical conditions, the report said. However, it did not
mention the identities of those killed and injured.

The shrine in Mashhad is the tomb of Reza, the eighth Imam of
the Shiite Muslims, which attracts hundreds of thousands of
Iranian and foreign Shiite pilgrims every year.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:48:26 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: 2 killed, 6 Injured in Accident in Holy Shrine in

2 killed, 6 Injured in Accident in Holy Shrine in Mashhad
=========================================================


thr 030
accident-holy shrine
2 killed, 6 injured in accident in holy shrine in mashhad
mashhad, khorasan prov., april 8, irna -- two persons were killed
and six others seriously injured when a portico in the eastern
yard of the holy shrine of imam reza (as), the eighth imam of the
household of prophet of islam (pbuh) collapsed wednesday, it was
announced here thursday.
mohammad ali shabestari, an official in charge of technical and
executive affairs of the holy shrine told irna that the accident took
place at 18:30 hours local time wednesday.
the 20-meter high portico was under construction, he said, adding
that the injured people hospitalized in mashhad are not in
satisfactory condition.
the relief teams rushed to the site of incident from different
relief organizations continued their operations till early hours of
thursday morning to retrieve the victims from under rubbles,
shabestari added.

fs/rr
end
::irna 08/04/99 14:36

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:48:14 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: French, Iranian MPs Discuss Situation in Kosovo

French, Iranian MPs Discuss Situation in Kosovo
===============================================

thr 004
french-parliamentarians
french, iranian mps discuss situation in kosovo
tehran, april 8, irna -- the deputy chairman of the majlis foreign
relations commission, mohammad javad larijani here wednesday expressed
doubts that the motives behind the nato attacks on yugoslavia was in
fact to support the kosovar muslims.
he told the visiting members of the french parliamentary
friendship group that ethnic cleansing has been conducted by the
zionist regime in occupied palestine for about 50 years now. however
nato members were not too worried about it and did not show any
reactions.
iran, he said, believes that the crimes of (yugoslav president
slobodan) milosevic should end and increasing crimes by the serbs
should be prevented.
turning to the situation in the persian gulf region, larijani said
the region cannot be made secure through military presence or sales of
arms to arab countries.
however, aggression in the region must be opposed and this is only
possible through security arrangements and collective development, he
pointed out.
''even though the regime in baghdad violated the implementation of
un security council resolutions, this did not provide any
justification or authorization for intervention by the u.s. and
britain,'' he added.
the expansion of ties between iran and the countries in the
persian gulf region will not only preserve bilateral interests but
will also be useful in following up regional policies, declared
larijani.
head of the french parliamentary friendship group, michel bucheron
said that after witnessing serb atrocities in bosnia, europe realized
that most of the victims of this tragedy were muslims and could not
tolerate a similar situation happening in kosovo.
''the presence of milosevic as a racial dictator is a serious
threat to european interests,'' he added.
the two sides expressed pleasure over the exchange of
parliamentary delegations and hoped that the relations between the
two countries will further expand.
the french delegation invited the members of the irano-french
parliamentary friendship group to visit france.
ah/ks
end
::irna 08/04/99 00:41

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:48:56 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iraqi War Prisoners Die in Iran's Camps - Paper

Iraqi War Prisoners Die in Iran's Camps - Paper
===============================================
05:56 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
BAGHDAD, April 8 (Reuters) - An Iraqi newspaper said on Thursday
that 38 Iraqi prisoners of war had died in prison camps in Iran.

The weekly newspaper al-Zawra, owned by President Saddam
Hussein's eldest son Uday, published the names of the dead. It
said Iraqi prisoners of war (POWs) from the 1980-88 Iraq-Iran
war, released by Tehran recently, had given information on the
dead.

The paper, however, gave no details on how the POWs died in
Iran's camps.

Last month Iran repatriated 450 Iraqi POWs and in return Iraq
released 53 Iranian detainees.

Iraq says Iran still holds thousands of Iraqi POWs but Iran
denies the Iraqi figures and says Baghdad is still holding
thousands of Iranians.

Baghdad says it freed 39,044 Iranian POWs in a large-scale
exchange of prisoners in 1990 and denies Iranian allegations
that it is holding any more.

Iraqi officials said that an Iranian delegation headed by
Brigadier General Mirfesal Baqerzadah was expected to arrive in
Baghdad next week to hold talks on the POWs issue.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 9 Apr 1999 - Special issue
***************************************************