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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 12 Apr 1999 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 12 Apr 1999 - Special issue
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There are 14 messages totalling 1319 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Thursday Newspaper Headlines in Tehran
2. Annan Says U.N. Committed to Protecting Rights of
3. On Kosovo Crisis (2)
4. Kaddoumi Arrives in Tehran (2)
5. Israel's Sharon to visit Moscow to discuss Iran
6. On German Bussinesman Jailed in Iran
7. Iran's Top Judge Rejects Violence in Fighting Vice
8. Kazakh Premier Due in Tehran Saturday
9. UAE, France Begin Gulf War Games
10. Iran and Viet Nam Win 1999 United Nations Populati
11. UNESCO Head Praises Iran's Islamic Arts Conference
12. Oil Prices Decline in Asian, U.S. Markets

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 23:32:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Thursday Newspaper Headlines in Tehran

Thursday Newspaper Headlines in Tehran
======================================


thr 009
headlines-press
thursday morning's newspaper headlines
tehran, april 8, irna -- the following headlines appeared in
tehran's newspapers this morning:
kayhan international:
-nato continues devastation of yugoslavia
-cultural heritage important in social
-cultural heritage important in social life - khatami
-kharrazi, aziz discuss kosovo crisis in geneva
-president's message opens world health day meet
-no legal problem for foreign investment - nematzadeh
-zionists bar egyptian delegation from reaching ibrahimi mosque
-despite losing balal project, uk's premier still interested in
iran
tehran times:
-iran as oic head, south africa as head of nam can play crucial
role in world affairs
-nato strikes on yugoslavia worsens kosovo crisis
-allegations against iran's financial support to anti-taliban
front denied
-increase in oil production will help national economy
-oic contact group meets on kosovo
iran daily:
-non-oil exports hit dlrs 3.7 billion during 1998-99
-french mps at ipis roundtable
-daewoo loans dlrs 550 million for oil tankers
-no impediment to foreign investments
-nato: belgrade cease fire o
iran:
-leader receives executive officials in charge of hajj rituals
-khatami: aged people, valuable assets, sources of experience for
society
-statements by revolutionary court, guidance ministry on closure
of 'zan' newspaper
-majlis approvals on impeachment of cabinet ministers
neshat:
-revolutionary court issues statement on, guidance ministry
reacts to closure of zan newspaper
-faezeh hashemi: my father (hashemi rafsanjani) does not support
me
-baghdad calls for return from iran of iraqi refugees
-30,000 albanian refugees disappear in macedonia
abrar:
-foreign investment in iran's petrochemical industry
-representatives from 30 countries expected to arrive in iran
to attend petrochemical forum
-'zan' newspaper banned
-majlis decisions on impeachment of cabinet ministers
-repetition of iraqi experience in kos
-repetition of iraqi experience in kosovo
-iran-oman agricultural cooperation reviewed
jahan-e eslam:
-non-oil exports exceeded dlrs three billion last year
-iran sends humanitarian supplies to muslim kosovars
-yeltsin sends message to leaders of 7 industrial countries to
establish ceasefire in kosovo
-south korea to provide iran with dlrs 550 million in credit
-international seminar on investment in iran's petrochemical
industry to be held
-hajj officials meet leader
-iran calls on un security council to take serious measure to
settle kosovo crisis
hamshahri:
-leader: this year's hajj one of most successful in recent years
-iran's humanitarian aid to be sent to albania as of today
-guidance ministry's statement: press offenses should be
investigated by press court in presence of jury
-faezeh hashemi: revolutionary court not qualified to deal with
press offenses
kar va kargar:
-deputy oil minister: no obstacle in way of foreign investment in
iran
-iran's non-oil exports exceeded dlrs 3 billion last year
-south korea to provide iran dlrs 550 million in credit
-faezeh hashemi: closure of zan by revolutionary court, illegal
-160 representatives from 30 countries invited to tehran to
attednd seminar on investment in petrochemical industry
jomhuri eslami:
-oic contact group searching for ways to settle kosovo crisis
-construction of three giant petrochemical projects to start
this year
-un secretary general calls for cessation of savage acts in
kosovo
-leader: world muslims should become familiar with ideas of late
imam khomeini
afarinesh:
-reports on latest developments in kosovo
-zan newspaper closed
-south african foreign minister to arrive in tehran today
sobh-e khanevadeh:
-khatami: road to acquire experience in such societies as iran,
a difficult one
-nato sets conditions for ending crisis in kosovo
salam:
-accuracy of islamic councils elections in 688 cities, 99
percent of villages approved
-president stresses need to respect elderly people
-leader receives a group of hajj officials
-revolutionary court issues order to ban zan newspaper
-15,000 turkish military forces arrive
in northern iraq
arya:
-president: people should become familiar with their history,
identity
-faezeh hashemi: serious attacks targetting sixth majlis launched
-press reacts to closure of zan
-reaction of guidance ministry towards closure of zan newspaper
-leader receives a group of hajj officials
-statement of revolutionary court on ban of zan newspaper
khordad:
-guidance ministry expresses regret over measure taken by
revolutionary court
-us companies to attend seminar on foreign investment in iran
-cities, villages councils to start work on april 29
-baghdad calls for return of iraqi refugees from iran
-leader receives a group of hajj officials
qods
-oic contact group making efforts to settle kosovo crisis
-project to be implemented for transformation of hailstones to
rain
-zan newspaper banned
-iran's ambassador to islamabad: death sentence on 9 people in
charge of massacre of iranian nationals in pakistan ratified by lahore
supreme court
khabar:
-kofi annan: humanitarian disaster in kosovo, nato operations
will have critical consequences
-multi-purpose ship 'iran-shahryar' heads for persian gulf
-italian navy frigate to arrive in iran's waters today
-nato attacks on yugoslavia, montenegro escalate


thursday afternoon's newspaper headlines
tehran, april 8, irna -- the following headlines appeared in tehran's
newspapers this afternoon:
kayhan:
- supreme leader of revolution: ever increasing interest of
muslims in islamic revolution originates from glorious thoughts of
late imam khomeini
- oil price to reach dlrs 20 per barrel by coming winter
- mazandarn's friday prayer leaders protest cultural policies of
ministry of guidance
- women association of islamic revolution: ministry of guidance
distances itself from thoughts, ideals of late imam khomeini
ettela'at:
- world muslims will not tolerate crime against kosovar muslims
- supreme leader of revolution: world muslims should further
become familiar with thoughts of late imam khomeini
- iran's customs administration reports on volume of exports,
imports last year
- 4,000 buses to join country's transportation fleet this year
resalat:
- zan daily should apologize to public
mm/rr
end
::irna 08/04/99 17:35

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 23:33:04 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Annan Says U.N. Committed to Protecting Rights of

Annan Says U.N. Committed to Protecting Rights of Everyone
==========================================================


thr 007
un-human rights
annan says u.n. committed to protecting rights of everyone
united nations, new york, april 8, irna -- u.n. secretary-general
kofi annan said on wednesday the united nations is committed to
protecting the rights of every man, woman, child regardless of ethnic,
national or religious belonging.
annan made the remark in his address to the last session of the
u.n. commission on human rights in the 20th century in geneva.
he said when civilians are attacked and massacred because of
their ethnicity, as in kosovo, the world looks to the u.n. to
speak up for them; when men, women and children are assaulted and
their limbs hacked off, as in sierra leone, again the world looks to
the u.n.; when women and girls are denied their right to equality as
in afghanistan, the world looks to the u.n. to take a stand.
he said, "perhaps more than any other aspect of our work, the
struggle for human rights resonates with our global constituency, and
is deeply relevant to the lives of those most in need, the tortured,
the oppressed, the silenced, the victims of ethnic cleansing and
injustice.
"will we say that rights are relative,hat rights are relative, or
that whatever happens
within borders shall be of concern to an organization of sovereign
states? no one that i know of can today defend the position.
collectively, we should say no! we will not and we cannot
accept a situation where people are brutalized behind national
boundaries," he added.
annan added that at the end of the 20th century, one thing is
clear: a united nations that will not stand up for human rights is a
united nations that cannot stand up for itself.
annan said the commission on human rights can claim with pride to
have been ''an architect of international structure of rights that we
have today.'' from this commission came the universal declaration of
human rights and the binding treaties which, taken together, have
created an international code of human rights, he added.
the un secretary-general said, "whether it is the struggle for
gender equality and the rights of women, or the elimination of
racial discrimination, or protecting the rights of minorities and
indigenous peoples, the commission has been a pioneer in
establishing norms and advancing justice.
"who in this hall or anywhere in the world would deny the
wickedness of torture, who would justify the unspeakable practice
of ethnic cleansing? who would defend slavery or stand in support of
racial, sexual or religious discrimination? who would advocate
arbitrary or extra-judicial justice? you may think -- well, such
people do exist, but let us say with one voice, they will not
prevail."
annan added that the united nations will never be their refuge,
its charter never the source of conmfort or justification.
he deplored the vicious and systematic campaign of ethnic
cleansing conducted by the serbian authorities in kosovo and said it
appears to have one aim: to expel or kill as many ethnic albanians
in kosovo as possible, thereby denying a people of their most basic
rights to life, liberty and security. the result is a humanitarian
disaster throughout the entire region.
"emerging slowly, but i believe surely, is an international norm
against the violent repression of minoriti
against the violent repression of minorities that will and must take
precedence over concerns of state sovereignty," he said.
ss/ys
end
::irna 08/04/99 09:13

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 23:34:28 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: On Kosovo Crisis

Annan, Kharrazi Review Kosovo Crisis
====================================


thr 012
kharrazi-annan-kosovo
annan, kharrazi review kosovo crisis
tehran, april 8, irna -- foreign minister kamal kharrazi and u.n.
secretary-general kofi annan wednesday evening in geneva reviewed
the latest developments in kosovo, the stad
the latest developments in kosovo, the stad
the latest developments in kosovo, the status of displaced kosovars
and efforts being made by the islamic countries to settle the crisis.
kharrazi, who arrived in geneva heading a political delegation
wednesday morning, met with the u.n. secretary-general at the end of
the meeting of the contact group of the organization of the islamic
conference (oic) on kosovo.
in the meeting, the two officials stressed the key role being
played by the oic contact group in helping to settle the kosovo
crisis.
voicing concern of the muslim states over developments in kosovo
and ethnic cleansing by the serbian extremist forces, the iranian
foreign minister briefed annan on decisions made by foreign
ministerial meeting of the oic contact group.
''the message of the meeting was that the islamic countries can
not tolerate brutality and pressures being exerted on the muslim
kosovars and the oic contact group will continue its efforts to find a
solution to end the crisis,'' he added.
referring to the critical situation of the displaced people in
kosovo, kharrazi said that the islamic countries have started sending
humanitarian supplies to the kosovars.
two planeloads of humanitarian supplies sent by the islamic
republic of iran have been received by the displaced kosovars so far,
he said, adding that iran will continue rushing humanitarian
assistance to muslim kosovars.
he further underlined the need for taking effective measures by
the international community to immediately settle the crisis.
referring to the crisis in kosovo as a humanitarian disaster,
annan briefed kharrazi on efforts being made by the u.n. to help the
displaced kosovars.
he stressed that humanitarian assistance to the displaced
kosovars should continue until the crisis is settled.
the two officials also called for promotion of regional and
international cooperation to prepare grounds for observing 2001 as the
year of dialog among civilizations as best as possible.
2001 is designated by the u.n. as the year of dialog amongst
civilizations on a proposal by the iranian president mohammad
khatami.
fs/ys
end
::irna 08/04/99 10:56



Kharrazi: World of Islam Cannot Tolerate Brutalities Against
============================================================


thr 015
oic-kosov-meeting
kharrazi: world of islam cannot tolerate brutalities against
muslim kosovars
tehran, april 8, irna -- iran's foreign minister kamal kharrazi said
in geneva wednesday evening that the world of eva wednesday evening that
the world of islam cannot tolerate
continuation of brutalities against muslims in kosovo.
kharrazi made the remark at a press conference at the end
of the foreign ministerial meeting of the contact group of the
organization of the islamic conference (oic).
''the message of the meeting of the islamic contact group to the
extremist serbs was that the world of islam cannot tolerate
continuation of brutalities against muslims in kosovo,'' he said.
kharrazi who arrived in geneva wednesday heading a political
delegation added, ''this meeting proved that the world of islam cannot
witness atrocities against muslims in kosovo and not to take any
measures. this is a strong message to the serbs to stop their
crimes.''
stressing the necessity of restoration of the legitimate rights
of the muslim and innocent people of kosovo, he said sending
humanitarian assistance to the displaced kosovars is an urgent
matter which should be followed by their safe return to their homes.
he added that the meeting agreed to dispatch a high-ranking
delegation composed of members of the oic contact group at an
appropriate time to consult with other countries and international
forums to find a political solution to the crisis.
the oic contact group consists of iran, malaysia, pakistan,
turkey, morocco, senegal, egypt and saudi arabia. bosnia-herzegovina
and qatar are observer members.
kharrazi stressed that the contact group will continue its
efforts and will do its best to help find a solution to the crisis.
the meeting of the foreign ministers of the oic contact
group concluded its work wednesday evening by issuing a statement.
the statement said that ethnic albanians in kosovo should be
allowed to determine their own political future.
without mentioning air strikes by the north atlantic treaty
organization (nato) against yugoslavia, it expressed regret that the
u.n. security council has been unable to discharge its responsibility
in this case.
meanwhile, participants in the foreign ministerial meeting
praised the initiative of the islamic republic of iran, the chairman
of oic, in holding the meeting at this crucial juncture.
representatives of the islamic countries expressed concern over
developments in kosovo and condemned belgrade's measures against
muslims in the region, resulting in the displacement of hundreds of
thousands of people.
they also voiced the strong resolution of muslim states to try to
settle the crisis.
the participants also denounced genocide and ethnic cleansing in
kosovo.
they stressed the necessity of immediate halt to the human
disaster in kosovo and restoration of the legitimate rights of the
muslim kosovars.
emphasizing the responsibility of the international community to
take immediate measures in this respect, they called for continuation
of consultations by the oic contact group to find ways to settle
kosovo crisis and to return the displaced
people.
oic secretary-general ezzedin laraki stressed in the meeting
the need to try to stop human disaster in kosovo, help the refugees,
return the displaced people and make consultations with influential
countries.
he also said that the u.n. and the security council must carry
out their responsibilities towards the crisis.
ys/rr
end
::irna 08/04/99 13:29



As Borders Close UN Voices Concern Over Fate of People Inside
Kosovo
=============================================================


thr 043
thr 043
iran-un-kosovo
as borders close un voices concern over fate of people inside
kosovo

tehran, april
tehran, april
tehran, april 8, irna -- serbian authorities have closed the border
crossings from kosovo into albania and the former yugoslav republic
of macedonia and there have been virtually no new arrivals at the
third major exit point into neighboring montenegro, according to the
united nations high commissioner for refugees (unhcr) quoted on
thursday by the u.n. information center in tehran.
aid workers were tremendously concerned over the fate of ethnic
albanians who had been waiting on the kosovo side of the border with
the former yugoslav of macedonia, said a un spokesman in geneva.
those who had been in sight of the border had been brought across but
people who were on the road behind a hill obstructing the view were
now gone. unhcr said there had been disquieting reports from inside
kosovo that authorities there were now sending people back to their
home areas and turning them away from the border.
meanwhile, as the international aid effort moved into high gear
on wednesday, unhcr reported that the refugee situation wildly from
region to region. in the former yugoslav republic of macedonia,
authorities on tuesday night cleared a huge field along its border
in a matter of hours. for days, tens of thousands of refugees had
been trapped in the field in a squalid no-man's land. amid mass
confusion, some of the refugees were transferred to new transit
points a few kilometers away, others were sent by aircraft to turkey
and some were crowded into fleets of buses and reportedly driven
towards albania and greece.
with the scale of the crisis mounting daily, un agencies appealed
for dlrs 138.3 million to assist an estimated 650,000 refugees through
30 june. the amount includes nearly dlrs 65 million for unhcr, which
is coordinating the humanitarian relief effort. the un agency is also
working closely with nato, relying on its manpower and logistics to
operate a joint airlift operation cell in geneva, prepare transit camp
sites, transport relief and evacuate refugees out of danger.
mm/hm
end
::irna 08/04/99 20:27

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 23:35:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kaddoumi Arrives in Tehran

Kaddoumi Arrives in Tehran
==========================


thr 003
iran-plo-kaddoumi
kaddoumi arrives in tehran
tehran, april 9, irna -- head of the political bureau of palestaine's
liberation organization (plo), farouk kaddoumi, arrived in tehran
friday morning to confer with high ranking iranian officials.
the plo leader was welcomed by the iranian foreign ministry
director general for protocol affairs, mojtaba arastoo, at mehrabad
international airport.
talking to irna at the airport, kaddoumi expressed pleasure over
his visit to iran and said he was here upon the invitation of iranian
officials. he noted that he will discuss the latest developments in
the occupied lands as well as regional issues with iranian officials
during his two-day stay.
he paid tribute to the late founder of the islamic republic imam
khomeini and referred to his meeting with him in paris.
describing iran-plo ties as historical, he believed these
relations will continue until the qods and the occupied lands of
palestine are freed from under the israeli occupation.
the plo official further termed as significant the position and
role of iran in the islamic world and said iran as the chairman of
the organization of the islamic conference (oic) performed its duties
well during the oic summit in tehran in 1997.
kaddoumi also said that his organization expected much from the
brotherly country of iran in respect to the qods issue, adding that
since the iranian foreign ministry, too, attached top priority to
the issue, iran's support for palestine seemed necessary.
commenting on the problems on the way of establishment of peace
in the middle east, the official noticed that the plo favored peace
and was against any kind of solutions which would not guarantee the
rights of the palestinians and which hindered hoisting of the
palestinian flag in qods.
at the present stage, the main obstacle on the way of the peace
talks was the occupation of the arab and islamic territories in
palestine, south lebanon and the golan height by the zionist regime,
he added. added.

praising the resistance of the lebanese people against the
zionist occupiers, kaddoumi emphasized that the palestinian nation
will continue its campaign till the liberation of qods and the entire
palestine by mobilizing every potential and possibility.
criticizing the u.s. position, he said that the washington was
not a neutral mediator in the middle east crisis.
vd/ks
end
::irna 09/04/99 11:48

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 23:34:42 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Israel's Sharon to visit Moscow to discuss Iran

Israel's Sharon to visit Moscow to discuss Iran
===============================================

05:31 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
JERUSALEM, April 8 (Reuters) - Israeli Foreign Minister Ariel
Sharon will travel to Moscow on Sunday for talks expected to
focus on Israel's opposition to Russian technological aid to
Iran.

A spokesman for Sharon said on Thursday he would meet his
Russian counterpart, Igor Ivanov, during the two-day visit, his
third to Russia since becoming foreign minister last October.

Israel has repeatedly urged Russia to withhold the sale of
rockets, nuclear technology and technical help to Iran.

Russia has signed an $800 million deal to complete an Iranian
nuclear reactor in the southern port of Bushehr despite Western
fears Tehran might use the technology to develop atomic weapons.

Sharon's trip comes against the backdrop of reported comments by
the former general in which he was quoted as saying that Israel
had reason not to back NATO's strike against Yugoslavia, a
military campaign strongly opposed by Russia.

He touched off further controversy on Tuesday when he told
Israel Radio the West should be concerned about the possible
creation of an Islamic ``Greater Albania'' that could lead to
unrest in Europe for years to come.

Israel's left-wing daily Ha'aretz, quoting government sources in
Jerusalem on Thursday, said Sharon made the comments as a
warming gesture towards Russia in the campaign to persuade
Moscow not to transfer nuclear and missile technology to Iran.

Sharon's aide Shia Segal denied the report.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Sharon's trip would
coincide with a visit to Moscow by Syrian President Hafez
al-Assad, but that he did not expect the two would meet.

Netanyahu dismissed Sharon's comments on a ``Greater Albania''
as the foreign minister's private opinion and reaffirmed Israel
supported NATO's campaign.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 01:37:40 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: On German Bussinesman Jailed in Iran

German Official to Visit Iran Over Jailed National
==================================================


09:39 a.m. Apr 09, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, April 9 (Reuters) - A German official who negotiated on
behalf of a German businessman under sentence of death in Iran
on a morals charge will visit Tehran thi
s weekend, the Iranian
news agency IRNA reported on Friday.

IRNA said Chancellery Minister Bodo Hombach was due in the
Iranian capital on Saturday for talks with Mohammad Ali Abtahi,
who heads the office of President Mohammad Khatami. It did not
say what subject the talks would cover.

In Bonn, a government spokesman said Hombach had left for the
Gulf region on Friday tmbach had left for the
Gulf region on Friday to try to win the final release of
businessman Helmut Hofer. Hombach has held talks with Iranian
officials over the case since November.

An Iranian court on Thursday ordered the release on bail of
Hofer, jailed since September 1997 over an alleged sexual affair
with an Iranian woman.

Hofer's Iranian lawyer said on Thursday the businessman could be
released by Saturday or earlier if he could post the bail of 500
million rials ($166,000) set by the court.

An Iranian judiciary spokesman said Hofer could not leave Iran
and would have td
o stand trial again on the charge of having had
sex out of wedlock with the unmarried medical student.

Hofer, born in 1941, was sentenced to death last year after
being found guilty of having sex with the 27-year-old Moslem
woman. But in February Iran's Supreme Court threw out the case
and ordered a retrial.

Under Iran's Islamic laws, a non-Moslem man can face execution
if found guilty of having sex outside marr
iage with a Moslem
woman. Hofer has said he converted to Islam when he married a
Turkish national some years ago. He is now divorced.

The case of Hofer has been a source of tension between Iran and
Germany, a major trade partner of the Islamic republic.

($1-3,000 rials at the official exchange rate)


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.




German Jailed in Iran May Be Freed
==================================


By Afshin Valinejad
Associated Press Writer
Thursday, April 8, 1999; 5:56 p.m. EDT
TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- A German businessman jailed for having sex
with an Iranian woman will be released on bail, his lawyer said
Thursday.

Arrangements were under way for Helmut Hofer's release, attorney
Malek Houshang Qahhari said. He did not specify the bail amount,
but a government source in Bonn, Germany, said o
itondition of
anonymity that the amount was about $165,000.

It was unclear whether Hofer would be allowed to leave Iran
under the bail decision. The German Embassy in Tehran had yet to
receive official word of the decision, according to the German
Foreign Ministry.

Bodo Hombach, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's chief of
staff, will arrive in Tehran on Saturday and will meet with
President Mohammad Khatami's chief of staff, Iran's Islamic
Republic News Agency reported.

It gave few other details.

Hofer, 54, was sentenced to death in January 1998 after being
arrested for having sex with an unmarried 26-year-old medical
studentunmarried 26-year-old medical
student. Iranian law punishes sex between unmarried Muslims with
flogging, but if the man is not Muslim, he faces the death
penalty.

The Justice Ministry ordered a retrial after Hofer insisted he
had converted to Is
lam before having sex with the woman. A
second court that tried him sentenced him to death in October.

In February, Iran's Supreme Court annulled the death sentence in
the case, which has strained relations between Germany and Iran,
and ordered another retrial.


© Copyright 1999 The Asso
ciated Press




Hombach Due in Tehran Saturday
==============================


thr 021
germany-hombach-iran
hombach due in tehran saturday
bonn, april 9, irna -- office of the chancellor of the federal
republic of the germany issued a statement here friday saying that
chancellory minister bodo hombach has accepted an invitation he
received from the iranian government to visit tehran.
the statement added that hombach said he will begin his visit to
the islamic republic of iran from saturday april 10.
pm/ah
pm/ah
end
::irna 09/04/99 19:38

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 01:38:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran's Top Judge Rejects Violence in Fighting Vice

Iran's Top Judge Rejects Violence in Fighting Vice
==================================================


09:44 a.m. Apr 09, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, April 9 (Reuters) Iran's conservative head of judiciary
urged the government on Friday to maintain Islamic morality but
said people should not be harassed in the process.

Judge Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi told worshippers at Tehran's mass
Friday prayers, carried on state radio, it was the legal duty of
the government to fight corruption and crime.

But he urged officials and Islamic militants not to deal harshly
with people to enforce Islamic laws which have been in force
since the 1979 Islamic revolution that toppled the secular
monarchy.

``How should we deal with them? With arms, in a military way?
Should we cause trouble and turn wedding parties into
nightmares?'' he said, referring to raids by vice squads which
often break into houses and arrest party guests.

``This is not right. They should be made to understand that if
they are having a partyand that if
they are having a party, it is in a town that belongs to
everybody. They should do what they want in their houses; they
have no right to do this in the street.''

Iran's Islamic laws prohibit men and women from mixing socially
outside marriage or the immediate family. Western-style parties,
dancing, alcohol and gambling are also prohibited, and women
must cover their hair and body outside the house.

``Don't showbody outside the house.

``Don't show your fancy stockings or fashionable shoes,'' Yazdi
urged women.

Iran's conservatives often warn that vice is on the rise in the
country's relatively more permissive atmosphere since moderate
President Mohammad Khatami took office in 1997.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 01:38:24 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kazakh Premier Due in Tehran Saturday

Kazakh Premier Due in Tehran Saturday
=====================================


thr 005
kazakhstan-iran-visit
kazakh premier due in tehran saturday
almaty, april 9, irna -- kazakh prime minister, murlan balgimbaev,
is to leave here for tehran saturday leading a high ranking
delegation.

an informed source at the iranian embassy here told irna that the
kazakh prime minister's visit will prepare the ground for the summer
visit of kazakh president nursultan nazarbayev to tehran.
a spokesman for the kazakh prime minister said that he will meet
with iranian president and a number of other officials during his
two-day stay in tehran and discuss such issues as cooperation in the
field of energy, communication and transpo
ion as well as supply of
liquid gas and grain to iran.
they will also elaborate on the caspian sea legal regime in an
effort to develop closer views, he added.
vd/ks
end
::irna 09/04/99 12:10

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 01:39:20 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kaddoumi Arrives in Tehran

Kaddoumi Arrives in Tehran
==========================


thr 003
iran-plo-kaddoumi
kaddoumi arrives in tehran
tehran, april 9, irna -- head of the political bureau of palestaine's
liberation organization (plo), farouk kaddoumi, arrived in tehran
friday morning to confer with high ranking iranian officials.
the plo leader was welcomed by the iranian foreign ministry
director general for protocol affairs, mojtaba arastoo, at mehrabad
international airport.
international airport.
talking to irna at the airport, kaddoumi expressed pleasure over
his visit to iran and said he was here upon the invitation of iranian
officials. he noted that he will discuss the latest developments in
the occupied lands as well as regional issues with iranian officials
during his two-day stay.
ribute to the late founder of the islamic republic imam
khomeini and referred to his meeting with him in paris.
describing iran-plo ties as historical, he believed these
relations will continue until the qods and the occupied lands of
palestine are freed from under the israeli occupation.
the plo official further termed as significant the position and
role of iran in the islamic world and said iran as the chairman of
the organization of the islamic conference (oic) performed its duties
well during the oic summit in tehran in 1997.
kaddoumi also said that his organization expected much from the
brotherly country of iran in respect to thhe
brotherly country of iran in respect to the qods issue, adding that
since the iranian foreign ministry, too, attached top priority to
the issue, iran's support for palestine seemed necessary.
commenting on the problems on the way of establishment of peace
in the middle east, the official noticed that the plo favored peace
and was against any kind of solutions whi
ch would not guarantee the
rights of the palestinians and which hindered hoisting of the
palestinian flag in qods.
at the present stage, the main obstacle on the way of the peace
stage, the main obstacle on the way of the peace stage, the main
obstacle on the way of the peace
talks was the occupation of the arab and islamic territories in
palestine, south lebanon and the golan height by the zionist regime,
he added.
praising the resistance of the lebanese people against the
zionist occupiers, kaddoumi emphasized th occupiers, kaddoumi
emphasized that the palestinian nation
will continue its campaign till the liberation of qods and the entire
palestine by mobilizing every potential and possibility.
criticizing the u.s. position, he said that the washington was
not a neutral mediator in the middle east crisis.
vd/ks
end
::irna 09/04/99 11:48 na 09/04/99 11:48

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 01:39:38 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: UAE, France Begin Gulf War Games

UAE, France Begin Gulf War Games
================================


11:12 a.m. Apr 09, 1999 Eastern
ABU DHABI, April 9 (Reuters) - The United Arab Emirates and
France on Friday began joint military manoeuvres in the Gulf and
on land, the official WAM news agency reported.

The agency said naval, air and ground units were taking part in
the war games code-named Gulf 99-1 which would last ``several
days.'' It did not specify the exact location of the exercises.

The manoeuvres followed three days of joint naval war games by
n WednesdaUAE and the United States which ended on Wednesday.

The UAE, a major buyer of Western arms, has defence cooperation
accords with France, the United States and Britain.

Last month, the UAE protested against Iran for staging naval war
games near Iranian-held Gulf islands, which are claimed by both
the UAE and Iran.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 01:41:02 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran and Viet Nam Win 1999 United Nations Populati

Iran and Viet Nam Win 1999 United Nations Population Award
==========================================================


PRESS RELEASE
United Nations Population Fund
Contact: Corrie Shanahan
Alex Marshall
fax: (212) 557-6416


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
:

Iran and Viet Nam Win 1999
Uni:

Iran and Viet Nam Win 1999
Uni:

Iran and Viet Nam Win 1999
Uni:

Iran and Viet Nam Win 1999
Uni:

Iran and Viet Nam Win 1999
Uni:

Iran and Viet Nam Win 1999
United Nations Population Award

New York, 1 April -- Dr. Seyed Alireza Marandi, former Minister
of Health and Medical Education of the Islamic Republic of Iran,
and the Viet Nam National Committee for Population and Family
Planning will share the 1999 United Nations Population Award.

The 1999 winners were announced today by the Chairman of the
Award Committee, Ambassador Jose Luis Barbosa Leao Monteiro of
Cape Verde. Each winner will receive a diploma, a gold medal and
aeive a diploma, a gold medal and
an equal share of the monetary prize of $25,000.

The Award is presented annually by the Committee of the United
Nations Population Award to individuals and institutions which
have made outstanding contributions to increasing the awareness
of population problems and to their solutions.

Dr. Marandi was nominated for his almost single-handed change of
Iranian population policy. The Islamic Republic of Iran had a
high rate of infant and maternal mortality, as well as high
rates of fertility and population growth. As Deputy Minister of
Health (1983) and then Minister of Health (1985) Dr. Marandi
promotedmoted primary health centres, extending programmes against
polio, measles, diarrhoeal and respiratory diseases. He
championed reproductive health activities, encouraging breast
feeding, longer child spacing and raising the age of first
birth. He convinced the government that family planning was not
in conflict with Islamic teaching and that it had great value
for individual and national health. Infant, child and maternal
mortality have all declined in Iran, contraceptive use has risen
and the birth rate has fallen.

The winner in the institutional category was the Viet Nam
National Committee for Population and Family Planning (NCPFP).
The committee was set up in 1984 as an umbrella organization to
monitor and coordinate all activities in the population and
family planning sector. The NCPFP also formulates population
policy and is partially responsible for the drafting of legal,
regulatory and other population and family planning related
protocols and standards. Infant mortality rates in the Socialist
Republic of Viet Nam have plummeted in recent years as have
fertility rates. The NCPFP has been recognized as playing an
important role in Viet Namís rapid fertility decline.

The two winny decline.

The two winners will receive their awards at a ceremony to be
held on 9 June at the United Nations. The Committee of the
United Nations Population Award is made up of representatives of
United Nations Member States elected by theof
United Nations Member States elected by the Economic and Social
Council for a term of three years.

The current members are Burundi, Cape Verde, El Salvador,
Grenada, Guatemala, Iran, Lesotho, Netherlands, Romania and
Thailand. Secretary-General Kofi Annan and the Executive
Director of the United Nations Population F
und (UNFPA), Dr.
Nafis Sadik, serve as ex-officio members. In addition, the
Committee has five eminent individuals as honorary members who
serve in an advisory capacity for a renewable term of three
years.

There were 33 nominations for the 1999 award, including 18
individuals and 15 institutions. Nominations can be made by:
Member States; intergovernmental organizations engaged in
population-related activities; population-related
non-governmental organizations having consultative status with
the United Nations; university professors of population or
population- related studies; heads of population-related
institutions; and past laureates.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 01:41:44 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: UNESCO Head Praises Iran's Islamic Arts Conference

UNESCO Head Praises Iran's Islamic Arts Conference
==================================================


thr 009
iran arts conference-mayor
unesco head praises iran's islamic arts conference
london, apr. 9, irna -- united nation's educatapr. 9, irna -- united
nation's educational scientific and
cultural organization (unesco) director general federico mayor friday
welcomed the holding of an international conference here on islamic
art, culture and civilization of iran.
''this event constitutes an important contribution to the ongoing
dialogue between nations and civilizations,'' he said in a message
read at the opening of the three-day conference.
''iran's extraordinary rich cultural heritage is continued today
through modern iran's vibrant cultural act
ivities, as illustrated by
its outstanding cinematic production,'' mayor said.
the conference, held under president mohammad khatami's dialogue
between civilizations initiative, aims to promote a greater awareness
of the interdisciplinary complexes of islamic thought through an
examination of iranian art, culture and civilization.
the unesco chief praised the organizers for creating an 'excellent
opportunity for the discovery of a major cultural tradition.' this, he
said, was an ''invaluable way of promoting free and constructive
multicultural dialogue.''
awareness of cultures and their acceptance 'results from better
knowledge of their achievements and their contribution to global
civilisation,' he said.
during the three-day program, papers a
during the three-day program, papers are being presented from
both iranian professors and other nationalities attached to british,
european and american universities as well as from tehran's faculty
of
fine arts. topics discussed range from the islamic influence on
urban planning and architecture to visual arts music and films.
mayor particularly mentioned he was impressed by the range of
events and the juxtaposition of contemp juxtaposition of contemporary
painting with classical
art.
hc/ah
end
::irna 09/04/99 14:52

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 01:42:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Oil Prices Decline in Asian, U.S. Markets

Oil Prices Decline in Asian, U.S. Markets
=========================================


thr 017
oil-decline
markets. ices decline in asian, u.s. markets.
vienna, april 9, irna -- the price of the opec basket of seven crudes
declined by 15 cents and stood at 13.67 dollars a barrel thursday.
this was a decrease from 13.82 dollars the previous day, according to
opec secretariat calculations released here on friday.
the opec basket comprises algeria's saharan blend, indonesia's
minas, nigeria's bonny light, saudi arabia's arabian light, dubai of
the united arab emirates, venezuela's tia juana and mexico's istmus
crude.
energy futures prices declined in trad energy futures prices
declined in trading on the new york
mercantile exchange (nymex) thursday according to reports released
in vienna friday.
west texas intermediate (wti), the american benchmark crude, lost
20 cents to finish at 15.83 dollars per barrel for may delivery, while
the june contract stood at 15.88 dollars, down by 16 cents.
in after-hours electronic access trading in new york today, wti
was fetching 15.88 dollars a barrel for the may contract and 15.97
dollars for the june position, both up from the nymex close.
meanwhile, in early friday trading on the singapore international
monetary exchange (simex), brent for may was bid at 14.15 dollars a
barrel.

kz/mhj/ah
end
::irna 09/04/99 18:28

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 01:44:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: On Kosovo Crisis

Yugoslav Crewmen Under Guard In Florida
=======================================


10:57 a.m. Apr 09, 1999 Eastern
By Jane Sutton

MIAMI (Reuters) - Three Yugoslav sailors were ordered held under
guard aboard a docked ship in Florida under a new national
security policy aimed at preventing spying and sabotage, the
Coast Guard said Friday.

Three other ships were forced to relieve Yugoslavian crewmen of
duty before they were allowed to enter seaports in Miami, Fort
Lauderdale and West Palm Beach, Coast Guard Senior Chief Petty
Officer Glenn Rosenholm said.

The policy, which took effect late Monday, bars ships from
entering the United States' 12-mile (19.2-km) territorial limit
if they fly Yugoslavia's flag or are ``under the effective
control of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.''

The policy was implemented by national security advisors in
light of the NATO bombing campaign against Yugoslavia.

Ships are considered to be under control of their master, chief
mate and chief engineer, Rosenholm said. Three vessels with
Yugoslav crewmen in those slots were allowed to enter Florida
only after finding non-Yugoslavs to take over.

``Some crew members hold a variety of titles,'' he said. ''They
could swap jobs.

The first vessel, the Atlantis, was already docked in Port
Everglades at Fort Lauderdale for engine repairs when the
security policy took effect Monday.

It is flagged in Antigua and Barbuda but all three top crewmen
are Yugoslav. They were ordered held under guard to prevent them
from leaving the ship before it departs.
Nationwide about a dozen ships have been initially denied entry
into U.S. ports under the new policy, Coast Guard spokesman Mike
Lapinski said in Washington. All but one were ultimately
admitted after crewmen swapped jobs,

``There aren't that many Yugoslavian-flagged vessels but there
are a larger number that have Yugoslavian masters or chief mates
or chief engineers,'' Lapinski said. ``Those are the majority of
what we are finding entering U.S. ports.''

Yugoslavia joinetering U.S. ports.''

Yugoslavia joined Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan
and Syria on the list of nations whose ships are forbidden from
calling on U.S. ports. The ban applies to passengers, fishing
boats and private yachts as well as commercial vessels.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.




Kosovo-Gulf: Arab Gulf, Iran Ambivalent Over NATO Raids
=======================================================


Inter Press Service
08-APR-99

DUBAI, (Apr. 8) IPS - Air raids by the North Atlantic Treaty
Organisation (NATO) on Serbian targets may have received quiet
endorsement in much of the Arab world, but key states remain
ambivalent over the extent of their support.

Troubled by persistent reports of massacres of Kosovo's Albanian
Muslims by the Serbian army, most Arabian Gulf governments see
the air strikes as a belated positive response.

But many governments in the region also remain firmly opposed to
what they believe might be a prelude to the Western European
alliance flexing its muscle across the globe. This perhaps
explains why many governments here have failed to come out with
a forthright response either way on the raids.

Heavyweights Iraq and Iran have been among the region's most
vociferous critics of the air strikes and each country has its
own set of reasons.

Iraq enjoys special ties with Serbia that go back to the
beginning of the 1980-88 Iraq-Iran war. The former Yugoslavia
was an important market for Iraqi oil and petrochemical products
and source of cash for the war effort.

In recent years, Baghdad and Belgrade are believed to have
stepped up their partnership in the military field, with Serbian
technicians actively involved in the maintenance of the Iraqi
army's radar and tanks.

Western intelligence officials suspect that the Iraqis may have
provided Serbian leaders with vital information on U.S warplanes
in the days immediately before the NATO bombing runs.

Moreover, Iraq, reeling under regular U.S.-British bombings over
two no-fly zones, believes it best understands how menacing
unilateral action in the name of humanitarian intervention can
be.

Iran's response to the NATO raids is more emblematic of the
Muslim dilemma. As the most revolutionary Islamic republic and
current chairman of the Organisation of Islamic Conference
(OIC), Tehran sympathizes with the plight of the Muslims of
Kosovo.

Iranian leaders have held consultations with other officials of
the 55-member OIC and expressed deep regret over "the human
catastrophe and the tyranny on Kosovar Muslims."

But Iran, branded by the United States for years as a "rogue
state", also is disturbed by the Washington-led alliance's
failure to seek U.N. authorization for the raids on Serbia.
The Kosovo crisis has also reached the core of Iran's domestic
politics. Iranian supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has said
the NATO raids are aimed at eliminating the region's Muslims,
while conservatives in parliament have accused the United States
of seeking to transform Eastern Europe into its new "fiefdom".

Speaking for the more moderate government, however, Foreign
Minister Kamal Kharrazi appeared to choose his words with
caution. "The NATO attacks have failed to prevent the spread of
the crisis," he said.

In the Arab Gulf, the traditionally pro-Western monarchies have
supported NATO's intervention on behalf of Kosovo's Muslims.
Saudi Defence Minister Sultan bin Abdel Aziz condemned the
Serbian actions in Kosovo as "a criminal matter about which the
world should not remain silent".

But Riyadh, aware of its special role in the Muslim world as the
custodian of Islam's two holiest shrines, has also engaged in
its own bout of diplomacy. Foreign Minister Saud Al Faisal
travelled to Moscow for talks with his Russian counterpart Igor
Ivanov a few days after the raids began.

"The high-level Saudi delegation might not have gone to Moscow
just to discuss Kosovo. But the fact that they did not choose to
cancel talks with the main opponent of the NATO operation did
carry some political significance," a Western diplomat said.

Saudi Arabia's subtle activism is also seen as an anxious bid to
prevent Iran from claiming full leadership of the Muslim world
in what has become an important test case of Islamic solidarity.

The Saudi newspaper 'Al Jazeera' was more candid: "Support for
NATO intervention is half-hearted because no one knows how long
such a war could last or how far it could spread."

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) was among the first in the region
to collecs among the first in the region
to collect donations for the Kosovo refugees. A plane from the
UAE Red Crescent Society carried some 38 tonnes of relief
material to the Albanian capital, Tirana.
But UAE officials expressed an equal degree of bafflement over
the West's real motivation. "NATO's reluctance to send ground
troops into Kosovo indicates
it will not sacrifice a single
drop of blood to save Muslims," a Dubai-based diplomat said.

The wait-and-see mood of the early days of the NATO operation
has been slowly giving way to frustration. "Kosovar refugees
pouring into neighboring countries is evidence that the Kosovars
are the only losers of the NATO operation," the diplomat said.

Others in the region see the Kosovo crisis as a clear symptom of
the breakdown of what was supposed to have been a new world
order after the end of the Cold War.

"Arabs and Muslims have always been victims of the lapses of the
international community," the UAE's semi-official 'Al Bayan'
newspaper said.

Seeking to put the issue in a more local perspective, the paper
added: "The common factor between the Iraqi, Palestinian and
Kosovo crises is that the role of the United Nations has always
been taken by the United States."




Kharrazi Back from OIC Meeting in Geneva
========================================


thr 004
kharrazi-oic-return
kharrazi back from oic meeting in geneva
tehran, april 9, irna -- foreign minister kamal kharrazi, returned
to tehran early friday morning from geneva where he attended the
meeting of the foreign ministers of the organization of the islamic
conference (oic) contact group on kosovo.
upon his arrival, he said at tehran's mehrabad international
airport that the meeting was held to discuss the kosovo crisis
following the message of iran's president and present oic chairman
mohammad khatami to his counterparts in islamic states.
saying that all oic member states took part in the geneva meeting
with an admirable coordinated stance, he added the meeting concluded
by announcing that the islamic world could never remain indifferent
towards the ongoing crimes in kosovo.
to speed up delivery of the relief aids provided by the islamic
states, he noted, it was decided to form a committee to coordinate
these activities.
the meeting also suggested that the contact group members should
work out a political solution to the kosovo crisis and to join the
peacekeeping operations after the ceasefire, the foreign minister
added.
the oic contact group comprises iran, pakistan, turkey, egypt and
malaysia.
according to kharrazi, the oic hoped t according to kharrazi, the
oic hoped to play its due role
in ending the crisis because the islamic world could definitely not
remain silent. the efforts will continue to this end, he stressed.
kharrazi further pointed out that he had discussed the kosovo
crisis with the united nations secretary general, kofi annan, and
asked him to play a more active role in this regard because the
nato operations were not authorized by the security council.
vd/ks
end
::irna 09/04/99 12:05



NATO Expects Serbs to 'Partition Kosovo'
========================================


thr 010
kosovo-partition
nato expects serbs to 'partition kosovo'
london, apr. 9, irna -- the west was reported friday to be expecting
serb president slobodan milosevic to spring a new peace gambit based
upon the partition of kosovo.
the supposed serbian goal would be to 'split kosovo in two,
leaving belgrade in control of the northern control of the northern and
eastern regions,'
which are home to ancient monasteries and battlefields as well as
the province's mineral resources, the times newspaper said.
nato has not ruled out the creation of a 'safe haven enclave' in
southern kosovo, where most refugees have
fled, but the daily
suggested it was 'highly unlikely' it would accept partition.
but it believed that a prolonged bombing campaign and the prospect
of a bloody ground war 'could shake nato resolve enough to consider an
offer that coder an
offer that could cynically be passed off as a parallel to
bosnia-herzegovina'.
the times reported that planners at the u.s. defense department
had already sketched the demarcation line which milosevic may seek,
running from the albanian border east to decani, north to the
outskirts of pec, east to pristina and south to macedonia.
israeli foreign minister ariel sharon provoked controversy
thursday by claiming that a 'greater albania' could challenge the
interests of the zionist regime, which has historic sympathy with
the serbs.
hc/ah

end
::irna 09/04/99 15:00

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 12 Apr 1999 - Special issue
****************************************************