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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 9 Apr 1999 to 12 Apr 1999 - Special issue
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There are 17 messages totalling 1260 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Immigrant Journey-An Iranian-American's Life in Tw (2)
2. The Third Biennial Conference on Iranian Studies
3. Attack Corruption, Says Daily (2)
4. PRESS DIGEST - Iran - April 8 (2)
5. Thursday Newspaper Headlines in Tehran
6. OPEC March Output Lower, 85 pct Compliance-Survey
7. Annan Says U.N. Committed to Protecting Rights of
8. Iran's Relief Aid Delivered in Tirana
9. Israel's Sharon to visit Moscow to discuss Iran
10. On Kosovo Crisis
11. Sharon to Demand Russia Halt Technology Transfer t
12. Kaddoumi Arrives in Tehran
13. Arafat to Visit China
14. Italy Presses for Rapid Rehabilitation of Libya

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:49:38 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Immigrant Journey-An Iranian-American's Life in Tw

Immigrant Journey-An Iranian-American's Life in Two Lands
==========================================================


Newsweek BOOKS

Immigrant Journey
An Iranian-American's life in two lands
By Rana Dogar

Where is home when you've spent a life traveling between two
continents? Writer Tara Bahrampour explores the question in her
first book, a memoir entitled To See and See Again (Farrar,
Straus and Giroux. 1999). For Bahrampour, home is nebulous, and
nationality even harder to define. The daughter of an L.A. pop
singer and an Iranian architect whose father was a feudal lord,
she spent her childhood in America and prerevolutionary Iran.
Her family eventually settled in the States, but for the adult
writer to come to terms with her cross-cultural identity, it was
essential to revisit Iran and "deed o baz deed" ("sesential to revisit
Iran and "deed o baz deed" ("sesential to revisit Iran and "deed o baz
deed" ("see and see
again") the radically changed country she once called home.

Bahrampour's book, which covers her travels from Iran to America
and back again over roughly two decades, is essentially about
the struggle to straddle two cultures. She spent most of her
early years in Iran, at international schools attended by the
children of foreign diplomats, who hang in cliques and sip
imported Hi-C. She could move in this world; her American mother
worked at CBS Records in Tehran and knew how to make Halloween
costumes. But Bahrampour was never an expatriate. Her relatives
spoke a language that sounded like poetry and hired jinn
catchers to banish evil spirits from their homes. Once, when
Bahrampour wrote to an American children's TV show, "Big Blue
Marble," in hopes of being assigned an exotic pen pal, she was
paired with a girl in Kentucky. "It hits me," she writes. "They
think I am the exotic one. Someone like me, writing from Iran,
would never be matched up with a pen pal from a mysterious,
fascinating land when the center of the Big Blue Marble is
America."

Bahrampour's family eventually returned to the West Coast after
gunshots and mob riots near their home convince them that the
revolution is real. But in America, Iranians weren't popular,
and work was hard to find. Bahrampour's father, who ran his own
architectural firm in Tehran, was forced to take a job as a
carpenter in Oregon. The author felt her father's new fragility,
and her own. The girls in her new middle school had boyfriends
and feathered hair. The radio played the Beach Boys' "Barbara
Ann," with lyrics changed to "bomb Iran." Bahrampour was
embarrassed by relatives who tried to haggle for discounts at
the 7-Eleven. But she did not change her name, like her friend
Shahrzad, who decided to go by Sherri and tell people she's
Italian. Still, her own sense of identity remained murky. As she
grew up, went to Berkeley, worked as a journalist in Europe and
enjoyed the freedoms of the West, part of her remained deeply
nostalgic for the security and community of Iran.

When nostalgia eventually drew her back in 1994, she returned to
a country both familiar and fearful. Old women told her stories
about her father as a boy, and fragrant bazaars twinkled with
gold. She learned about henna artists who once painted love
poems up a bride's thighs, to be read by the groom on the
wedding night. But she was also interrogated by police for
speaking to strange men, and heard about mullahs who might dole
out lashings if a woman wore the wrong-color head scarf. The
rigidity of the new regime and the randomness of what may or may
not be considered Islamic by the komiteh (morals police) was
unsettling. But Bahrampour found new allies: the hundreds of
other women walking the streets in raincoats and scarves, who
tip each other off if the police are near. When she returned to
her job in Brussels, Bahrampour missed this unique solidarity,
and even donned a head scarf at night in her apartment. The
nostalgia is, of course, linked to her bicultural status. At the
end of the day, she didn't have to stay in Iran. Just as she can
wear a chador, knowing she would never be forced to do it every
day for the rest of her life, Bahrampour can see Iran's many
layers, and see them again, with the insight of a native and the
freedom of a foreigner. Her story is both entertaining and
deeply emotional.

Newsweek International, April 12, 1999

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:49:52 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: The Third Biennial Conference on Iranian Studies

The Third Biennial Conference on Iranian Studies
================================================




The Society for Iranian Studies
Conferences

----------------------------------------------------------------

The Third Biennial Conference on Iranian Studies


May 25-28, 2000, Bethesda Hyatt Regency, Bethesda, MD
Sponsored by
The American Institute of Iranian Studies (AIIrS)
The Society for Iranian Studies (SIS)


The American Institute of Iranian Studies (AIIrS) and the
Society for Iranian Studies (SIS) are pleased to announce the
Third Biennial Conference on Iranian studies to be held in
Bethesda, Maryland, May 25-28, 2000. Building on the success of
the Second Biennial Conference in 1998, the conference aims to
further enhance academic research into all areas of Iranian
Studies covering all historical periods. The Washington, D. C.
area has been selected once again as the site of the Conference
because of its centrality and in order to emphasize the
continuity of this conference with the previous ones. All
efforts will be made to ensure the diversity of the various
facets of Iranian Studies and the plurality of research
approaches and methodologies. The organizers will try as much
as possible to enlist the cooperation of scholars residing in
Europe, Iran, Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent and
elsewhere. A program committee has been set up to review the
abstracts submitted, and a "Call for Papers" has also been
issued.
The Program Committee welcomes contributions in all aspects of
Iranian studies, including established academic disciplines such
as art and archeology, art history, architecture, sociology,
arts and crafts, history, politics and diplomacy, philosophy and
religion, languages and literatures, anthropology and folklore
studies, economics and economic history, women's studies and
others. In addition, it looks forward with particular attention
to receiving contributions in new areas of investigation and/or
novel approaches to the more traditional fields. Contributions
from areas which may not have received deserved attention in the
previous conferences will be especially welcome.

To inform potential participants about the conference, the
planning process, and the various aspects of the program,
Society for Iranian Studies will present up-to-date information
at its web site. A more detailed progress report will be
presented at the SIS and AIIrS meetings held in conjunction with
the 1999 annual conference of the Middle East Studies
Association (MESA), due to be held in Washington D. C. November
19-22, 1999. Periodic reports will also be published in the
future issues of the SIS Newsletter. A preliminary version of
the Conference Proceedings (including a list of prospective
panels and papers, exhibitions and other events and activities)
will be featured in the SIS Newsletter in February 2000. The
final Conference Program will be made available to all the
registered participants as part of the registration packet.

The deadline for the submission of abstracts is September 30,
1999, but earlier submissions are urged strongly. All
individuals interested in attending the conference are required
to register for the conference and to make their reservations in
advance, beginning in October 1999. All participants must fill
out the registration form that will also be included in the next
issue of SIS Newsletter and send it to SIS Executive Secretary.
Registration fee has been set as follows: pre-registration: $35
individual, $45 family, $25 student; on site registration: $50
individual, $65 family, $25 student. All fees are
non-refundable and must be paid be by credit card, checks or
money orders to SIS. To make hotel reservation, contact Hyatt
Regency Hotels directly at 1-800-233-1234 or the official
conference site at the following address:

Bethesda Hyatt Regency One Bethesda Metro Center Bethesda, MD
20814 U. S. A. Tel: (301) 657-1234 Fax: (301) 657-6478
For all other questions or inquiries, contact the SIS Executive
Secretary.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:51:16 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Attack Corruption, Says Daily

Attack Corruption, Says Daily
=============================


thr 006
iran-daily-editorial
attack corruption, says daily
tehran, april 8, irna -- `iran daily', the english morning newspaper
in its editorial here thursday wrote ''the oil market glut, dwindling
state revenues, economic downturn, inflation, rising prices,
unemployment, the controversy and confusion over press and social
freedoms, relations with the outside world and a whole lot of other
national issues have kept both the political elite and the layman busy
during the past several months.''
''observers of all stripes too keep on talking about ways and
means to put the country on the right track. the press corps is
normally pre-occupied with dozens of sensitive subjects dealing with
everything from traffic regulations to interpretations of religious
and divine teachings,'' it added.
the daily said ''on more occasions than one president mohammad
khatami has announced that the people `deserve a better deal' after
20 years of revolution, war, reconstruction and sacrifices with few
parallels in contemporary history.''
''but what has surprisingly escaped the keen and cautious chief
executive and his aides' attention is the formidable problem of
corruption. of all that is known about the government's political,
economic and social development agenda, there is almost no mention of
the visibly urgent need to bring corruption under control and
criminalize all its forms,'' stated the daily.
the paper went on to say that ''it is only in the economic domain
that corruption has either been ignored or disregarded. available
empirical evidence has it that the frightening catalogue of
corruption, mismanagement and waste of public money, plus serious
failures in the proper conduct of accountabilities have handsomely
contributed to the present economic crisis. and yet those responsible
for and involved in mismanagement, fraud, malpractice and huge
irregularities have neither been publicly identified nor kicked out of
office.''
''the executive branch, irrespective of its belief in unity,
honesty and flexibility must clearly understand one principle:
corruption undermines the state's legitimacy. the same should be
brought to the attention of the judiciary,'' it said.
the daily pointed out ''political development cannot be achieved
in the absence of economic progress. very many factors inherent in the
global economy may have marred our economic development now and in the
past. conomic development now and in the
past. conomic development now and in the
past.
''but let there be no doubt that corruption and bribery is eating
away at the roots of our society bringing in its wake poverty and
mafia-like economic activity which is tearing the social contract
apart.
''there are increasing signs that economic despair and exhaustion
are sinking in. the government is obviously not unaware that people's
welfare cannot be limited to talking about it. the worst way to deal
with uncomfortable objects is to wait for them to arrive before
deciding what to do. it is high time the government embarks on real
and meaningful economic restructuring,'' concluded iran daily.
pm/ah
end
::irna 08/04/99 01:29

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:50:46 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: PRESS DIGEST - Iran - April 8

PRESS DIGEST - Iran - April 8
=============================


11:47 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
- Iran's non-oil exports rose nearly 1.9 percent to $3.07
billion in the Iranian year which ended on March 20, the state
customs administration said. The figure includes trade with
neighbouring states at border markets.

JAHAN-E EQTESAD - There are no legal obstacles to foreign
investment in Iran, according to Mohammad Reza Nematzadeh,
deputy oil minister for petrochemical affairs. Iran will hold a
conference later this month to promote foreign investment in
petrochemicals.

- The all-share index at the Tehran Stock Exchange ce all-share index at
the Tehran Stock Exchange closed the
week to Wednesday at 1551.50 points, up 4.49 points on Tuesday's
close. The index gained 9.08 points in the week.

RESALAT

- Eight women MPs attacked Zan (Woman) daily for publishing part
of Iranian New Year greetings from Farah Diba, widow of Shah
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi who was toppled by the 1979 Islamic
revolution.

ABRAR-E EQTESADI

- The minister of mines and metals said Iran's annual steel
production had increased to 7.3 million tonnes, up from 900,000
tonnes 23 years ago. He said output would reach reach 12.5
million tonnes per year by the end of the second development
plan in March 2000 after the launch of 26 new projects.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:50:32 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Thursday Newspaper Headlines in Tehran

Thursday Newspaper Headlines in Tehran
======================================


thr 009
headlines-press
thursday morning's newspaper headlines
tehran, april 8, irna -- the following headlines appeared in
tehran's newspapers this morning:
kayhan international:
-nato continues devastation of yugoslavia
-cultural heritage important in social life - khatami
-kharrazi, aziz discuss kosovo crisis in geneva
-president's message opens world health day meet
-no legal problem for foreign investment - nematzadeh
-zionists bar egyptian delegation from reaching ibrahimi mosque
-despite losing balal project, uk's premier still interested in
iran
tehran times:
-iran as oic head, south africa as head of nam can play crucial
role in world affairs
-nato strikes on yugoslavia worsens kosovo crisis
-allegations against iran's financial support to anti-taliban
front denied
-increase in oil production will help national economy
-oic contact group meets on kosovo
iran daily:
-non-oil exports hit dlrs 3.7 billion during 1998-99
-french mps at ipis roundtable
-daewoo loans dlrs 550 million for oil tankers
-no impediment to foreign investments
-nato: belgrade cease fire o
iran:
-leader receives executive officials in charge of hajj rituals
-khatami: aged people, valuable assets, sources of experience for
society
-statements by revolutionary court, guidance ministry on closure
of 'zan' newspaper
-majlis approvals on impeachment of cabinet ministers
neshat:
-revolutionary court issues statement on, guidance ministry
reacts to closure of zan newspaper
-faezeh hashemi: my father (hashemi rafsanjani) does not support
me
-baghdad calls for return from iran of iraqi refugees
-30,000 albanian refugees disappear in macedonia
abrar:
-foreign investment in iran's petrochemical industry
-representatives from 30 countries expected to arrive in iran
to attend petrochemical forum
-'zan' newspaper banned
-majlis decisions on impeachment of cabinet ministers
-repetition of iraqi experience in kosovo
-iran-oman agricultural cooperation reviewed
jahan-e eslam:
-non-oil exports exceeded dlrs three billion last year
-iran sends humanitarian supplies to muslim kosovars
-yeltsin sends message to leaders of 7 industrial countries to
establish ceasefire in kosovo
-south korea to provide iran with dlrs 550 million in credit
-international seminar on investment in iran's petrochemical
industry to be held
-hajj officials meet leader
-iran calls on un security council to take serious measure to
settle kosovo crisis
hamshahri:
-leader: this year's hajj one of most successful in recent years
-iran's humanitarian aid to be sent to albania as of today
-guidance ministry's statement: press offenses should be
investigated by press court in presence of jury
-faezeh hashemi: revolutionary court not qualified to deal with
press offenses
kar va kargar:
-deputy oil minister: no obstacle in way of foreign investment in
iran
-iran's non-oil exports exceeded dlrs 3 billion last year
-south korea to provide iran dlrs 550 million in credit
-faezeh hashemi: closure of zan by revolutionary court, illegal
-160 representatives from 30 countries invited to tehran to
attednd seminar on investment in petrochemical industry
jomhuri eslami:
-oic contact group searching for ways to settle kosovo crisis
-construction of three giant petrochemical projects to start
this year
-un secretary general calls for cessation of savage acts in
kosovo
-leader: world muslims should become familiar with ideas of late
imam khomeini
afarinesh:
-reports on latest developments in kosovo
-zan newspaper closed
-south african foreign minister to arrive in tehran today
sobh-e khanevadeh:
-khatami: road to acquire experience in such societies as iran,
a difficult one
-nato sets conditions for ending crisis in kosovo
salam:
-accuracy of islamic councils elections in 688 cities, 99
percent of villages approved
-president stresses need to respect elderly people
-leader receives a group of hajj officials
-revolutionary court issues order to ban zan newspaper
-15,000 turkish military forces arrive in northern iraq
arya:
-president: people should become familiar with their history,
identity
-faezeh hashemi: serious attacks targetting sixth majlis launched
-press reacts to closure of zan
-reaction of guidance ministry towards closure of zan newspaper
-leader receives a group of hajj officials
-statement of revolutionary court on ban of zan newspaper
khordad:
-guidance ministry expresses regret over measure taken by
revolutionary court
-us companies to attend seminar on foreign investment in iran
-cities, villages councils to start work on april 29
-baghdad calls for return of iraqi refugees from iran
-leader receives a group of hajj officials
qods
-oic contact group making efforts to settle kosovo crisis
-project to be implemented for transformation of hailstones to
rain
-zan newspaper banned
-iran's ambassador to islamabad: death sentence on 9 people in
charge of massacre of iranian nationals in pakistan ratified by lahore
supreme court
khabar:
-kofi annan: humanitarian disaster in kosovo, nato operations
will have critical consequences
-multi-purpose ship 'iran-shahryar' heads for persian gulf
-italian navy frigate to arrive in iran's waters today
-nato attacks on yugoslavia, montenegro escalate


thursday afternoon's newspaper headlines
tehran, april 8, irna -- the following headlines appeared in tehran's
newspapers this afternoon:
kayhan:
- supreme leader of revolution: ever increasing interest of
muslims in islamic revolution originates from glorious thoughts of
late imam khomeini
- oil price to reach dlrs 20 per barrel by coming winter
- mazandarn's friday prayer leaders protest cultural policies of
ministry of guidance
- women association of islamic revolution: ministry of guidance
distances itself from thoughts, ideals of late imam khomeini
ettela'at:
- world muslims will not tolerate crime against kosovar muslims
- supreme leader of revolution: world muslims should further
become familiar with thoughts of late imam khomeini
- iran's customs administration reports on volume of exports,
imports last year
- 4,000 buses to join country's transportation fleet this year
resalat:
- zan daily should apologize to public
mm/rr
end
::irna 08/04/99 17:35

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:51:32 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: OPEC March Output Lower, 85 pct Compliance-Survey

OPEC March Output Lower, 85 pct Compliance-Survey
=================================================


07:56 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
By Richard Mably

LONDON, April 8 (Reuters) - OPEC curbed oil output in March
before setting tight new supply limits which came into effect
this month, a Reuters survey found.

The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries sliced
March output by 380,000 barrels a day to 27.59 million from a
revised 27.97 million bpd in February, according to the survey
of OPEC and oil industry officials and analysts.

Iran accounted for half of the reduction in March, having hit
the heights in February to help prove its case for OPEC to
recognise a higher baseline for Tehran's part in supply cuts.

Iranian output was estimated at 3.68 million down 190,000 bpd
from February. Tehran has now promised to reduce to 3.36
million.

Adjusting the baseline for Iran's cuts, March figures show an
OPEC reduction of 2.2 million bpd, a high 85 percent compliance
with the group's 2.6 million bpd target, based on February 1998
supply.

Targetted cuts rise to 4.316 million from April.
Iraqi exports in March also were lower. United Nations overseers
said Iraq's sales under its oil-for-food exchange varied from
2.69 million bpd at the beginning of the month to just 1.24
million in the last week of March for a monthly average of 2.005
million.

Venezuela reduced volumes close to the target it was set for
cuts last July. Venezuela's Oil Minister Ali Rodriguez said
output was at 2.85 million bpd by the middle of March.
Most OPEC countries appear to have moved quickly in April to
implement agreed new cuts of 1.716 million bpd.

Customers said major producers like Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Iran
and the United Arab Emirates had given notice of lower supplies
for the month.

But industry monitors said operational difficulties mean other
countries may take longer while full compliance looks unlikely
from some OPEC members. Neither Indonesia or Qatar appeared to
make much effort to adjust supply to previous limits.

The Reuters survey seeks a best estimate of wellhead flows in
OPEC countries based on the views of officials, industry
monitors and analysts inside and outside member countries.


Mar Feb Jan Quota Quota
Jul 98 Apr 99 Algeria 0.82 0.81 0.82 0.788 0.731 Indonesia 1.35
1.36


1.36 1.280 1.187 Iran 3.68 3.87(R) 3.63
3.623 3.359 Iraq 2.50 2.58 2.45 -- --
Kuwait 2.06 2.06 2.09 1.980 1.836 Libya
1.38 1.36 1.36 1.323 1.227 Nigeria 1.99 2.05
2.07 2.033 1.885 Qatar 0.70 0.68 0.69
0.640 0.593 S.Arabia 8.02 8.07 8.15 8.023 7.438
UAE 2.20 2.19 2.19 2.157 2.000 Venezuela
2.89 2.94 3.00 2.845 2.720 Total 27.59 27.97
27.81 OPEC 10 25.09 25.39 25.36 24.689 22.976 OPEC
10 cut 2.199 1.899 1.929 (from Feb 1998 output) Compliance
85 pct 73 pct 74 pct OPEC 11 1.449 1.069 1.229 inc
Iraq 56 pct 41 pct 47 pct
The February 1998 benchmark for 2.6 million bpd of cuts by the
OPEC 10, excluding Iraq, was 27.289 million bpd. The OPEC 10 cut
shows output reduced since Feb 1998.

Reuters estimated February 1998 Iraqi supply at 1.75 million
bpd. The OPEC 11 cut shows output reduced since February 1998
taking account of rising Iraqi supply.

From April, OPEC has pledged an extra 1.716 million of cuts for
a total 4.316 million.
Figures, in million bpd, exclude condensate and NGLs. Quotas
apply to supply rather than wellhead output, defined to exclude
movements to, but not sales from storage. Saudi and Kuwaiti data
include Neutral Zone.

((London newsroom tel +44 171 542 6280 fax +44 171 542 4453
london.energy.desk+reuters.com))


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:51:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Annan Says U.N. Committed to Protecting Rights of

Annan Says U.N. Committed to Protecting Rights of Everyone
==========================================================


thr 007
un-human rights
annan says u.n. committed to protecting rights of everyone
united nations, new york, april 8, irna -- u.n. secretary-general
kofi annan said on wednesday the united nations is committed to
protecting the rights of every man, woman, child regardless of ethnic,
national or religious belonging.
annan made the remark in his address to the last session of the
u.n. commission on human rights in the 20th century in geneva.
he said when civilians are attacked and massacred because of
their ethnicity, as in kosovo, the world looks to the u.n. to
speak up for them; when men, women and children are assaulted and
their limbs hacked off, as in sierra leone, again the world looks to
the u.n.; when women and girls are denied their right to equality as
in afghanistan, the world looks to the u.n. to take a stand.
he said, "perhaps more than any other aspect of our work, the
struggle for human rights resonates with our global constituency, and
is deeply relevant to the lives of those most in need, the tortured,
the oppressed, the silenced, the victims of ethnic cleansing and
injustice.
"will we say that rights are relative, or that whatever happens
within borders shall be of concern to an organization of sovereign
states? no one that i know of can today defend the position.
collectively, we should say no! we will not and we cannot
accept a situation where people are brutalized behind national
boundaries," he added.
annan added that at the end of the 20th century, one thing is
clear: a united nations that will not stand up for human rights is a
united nations that cannot stand up for itself.
annan said the commission on human rights can claim with pride to
have been ''an architect of international structure of rights that we
have today.'' from this commission came the universal declaration of
human rights and the binding treaties which, taken together, have
created an international code of human rights, he added.
the un secretary-general said, "whether it is the struggle for
gender equality and the rights of women, or the elimination of
racial discrimination, or protecting the rights of minorities and
indigenous peoples, the commission has been a pioneer in
establishing norms and advancing justice.
"who in this hall or anywhere in the world would deny the
wickedness of torture, who would justify the unspeakable practice
of ethnic cleansing? who would defend slavery or stand in support of
racial, sexual or religious discrimination? who would advocate
arbitrary or extra-judicial justice? you may think -- well, such
people do exist, but let us say with one voice, they will not
prevail."
annan added that the united nations will never be their refuge,
its charter never the source of conmfort or justification.
he deplored the vicious and systematic campaign of ethnic
cleansing conducted by the serbian authorities in kosovo and said it
appears to have one aim: to expel or kill as many ethnic albanians
in kosovo as possible, thereby denying a people of their most basic
rights to life, liberty and security. the result is a humanitarian
disaster throughout the entire region.
"emerging slowly, but i believe surely, is an international norm
against the violent repression of minorities that will and must take
precedence over concerns of state sovereignty," he said.
ss/ys
end
::irna 08/04/99 09:13

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:52:40 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran's Relief Aid Delivered in Tirana

Iran's Relief Aid Delivered in Tirana
=====================================


thr 001
iran-kosovo-aid
iran's relief aid delivered in tirana
sarajevo, april 9, iran -- iran's second relief aid consignment
for kosovar refugees arrived in tirana on thursday.
the 30-tonne plus consignment transferred by an iranian airplane
included various items such as foodstuffs and blankets among other
things.
iran's first aid package to the refugees was delivered to the
albanian officials in tirana last monday.
hm/hm
end
::irna 09/04/99 01:09

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:52:54 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Israel's Sharon to visit Moscow to discuss Iran

Israel's Sharon to visit Moscow to discuss Iran
===============================================

05:31 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
JERUSALEM, April 8 (Reuters) - Israeli Foreign Minister Ariel
Sharon will travel to Moscow on Sunday for talks expected to
focus on Israel's opposition to Russian technological aid to
Iran.

A spokesman for Sharon said on Thursday he would meet his
Russian counterpart, Igor Ivanov, during the two-day visit, his
third to Russia since becoming foreign minister last October.

Israel has repeatedly urged Russia to withhold the sale of
rockets, nuclear technology and technical help to Iran.

Russia has signed an $800 million deal to complete an Iranian
nuclear reactor in the southern port of Bushehr despite Western
fears Tehran might use the technology to develop atomic weapons.

Sharon's trip comes against the backdrop of reported comments by
the former general in which he was quoted as saying that Israel
had reason not to back NATO's strike against Yugoslavia, a
military campaign strongly opposed by Russia.

He touched off further controversy on Tuesday when he told
Israel Radio the West should be concerned about the possible
creation of an Islamic ``Greater Albania'' that could lead to
unrest in Europe for years to come.

Israel's left-wing daily Ha'aretz, quoting government sources in
Jerusalem on Thursday, said
Sharon made the comments as a
warming gesture towards Russia in the campaign to persuade
Moscow not to transfer nuclear and missile technology to Iran.

Sharon's aide Shia Segal denied the report.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Sharon's trip would
coincide with a visit to Moscow by Syrian President Hafez
al-Assad, but that he did not expect the two would meet.

Netanyahu dismissed Sharon's comments on a ``Greater Albania''
as the foreign minister's private opinion and reaffirmed Israel
supported NATO's campaign.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:52:34 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: On Kosovo Crisis

Annan, Kharrazi Review Kosovo Crisis
====================================


thr 012
kharrazi-annan-kosovo
annan, kharrazi review kosovo crisis
tehran, april 8, irna -- foreign minister kamal kharrazi and u.n.
secretary-general kofi annan wednesday evening in geneva reviewed
the latest developments in kosovo, the status of displaced kosovars
and efforts being made by the islamic countries to settle the crisis.
kharrazi, who arrived in geneva heading a political delegation
wednesday morning, met with the u.n. secretary-general at the end of
the meeting of the contact group of the organization of the islamic
conference (oic) on kosovo.
in the meeting, the two officials stressed the key role being
played by the oic contact group in helping to settle the kosovo
crisis.
voicing concern of the muslim states over developments in kosovo
and ethnic cleansing by the serbian extremist forces, the iranian
foreign minister briefed annan on decisions made by foreign
ministerial meeting of the oic contact group.
''the message of the meeting was that the islamic countries can
not tolerate brutality and pressures being exerted on the muslim
kosovars and the oic contact group will continue its efforts to find a
solution to end the crisis,'' he added.
referring to the critical situation of the displaced people in
kosovo, kharrazi said that the islamic countries have started sending
humanitarian supplies to the kosovars.
two planeloads of humanitarian supplies sent by the islamic
republic of iran have been received by the displaced kosovars so far,
he said, adding that iran will continue rushing humanitarian
assistance to muslim kosovars.
he further underlined the need for taking effective measures by
the international community to immediately settle the crisis.
referring to the crisis in kosovo as a humanitarian disaster,
annan briefed kharrazi on efforts being made by the u.n. to help the
displaced kosovars.
he stressed that humanitarian assistance to the displaced
kosovars should continue until the crisis is settled.
the two officials also called for promotion of regional and
international cooperation to prepare grounds for observing 2001 as the
year of dialog among civilizations as best as possible.
2001 is designated by the u.n. as the year of dialog amongst
civilizations on a proposal by the iranian president mohammad
khatami.
fs/ys
end
::irna 08/04/99 10:56



Kharrazi: World of Islam Cannot Tolerate Brutalities Against
============================================================


thr 015
oic-kosov-meeting
kharrazi: world of islam cannot tolerate brutalities against
muslim kosovars
tehran, april 8, irna -- iran's foreign minister kamal kharrazi said
in geneva wednesday evening that the world of islam cannot tolerate
continuation of brutalities against muslims in kosovo.
kharrazi made the remark at a press conference at the end
of the foreign ministerial meeting of the contact group of the
organization of the islamic conference (oic).
''the message of the meeting of the islamic contact group to the
extremist serbs was that the world of islam cannot tolerate
continuation of brutalities against muslims in kosovo,'' he said.
kharrazi who arrived in geneva wednesday heading a political
delegation added, ''this meeting proved that the world of islam cannot
witness atrocities against muslims in kosovo and not to take any
measures. this is a strong message to the serbs to stop their
crimes.''
stressing the necessity of restoration of the legitimate rights
of the muslim and innocent people of kosovo, he said sending
humanitarian assistance to the displaced kosovars is an urgent
matter which should be followed by their safe return to their homes.
he added that the meeting agreed to dispatch a high-ranking
delegation composed of members of the oic contact group at an
appropriate time to consult with other countries and international
forums to find a political solution to the crisis.
the oic contact group consists of iran, malaysia, pakistan,
turkey, morocco, senegal, egypt and saudi arabia. bosnia-herzegovina
and qatar are observer members.
kharrazi stressed that the contact group will continue its
efforts and will do its best to help find a solution to the crisis.
the meeting of the foreign ministers of the oic contact
group concluded its work wednesday evening by issuing a statement.
the statement said that ethnic albanians in kosovo should be
allowed to determine their own political future.
without mentioning air strikes by the north atlantic treaty
organization (nato) against yugoslavia, it expressed regret that the
u.n. security council has been unable to discharge its responsibility
in this case.
meanwhile, participants in the foreign ministerial meeting
praised the initiative of the islamic republic of iran, the chairman
of oic, in holding the meeting at this crucial juncture.
representatives of the islamic countries expressed concern over
developments in kosovo and condemned belgrade's measures against
muslims in the region, resulting in the displacement of hundreds of
thousands of people.
they also voiced the strong resolution of muslim states to try to
settle the crisis.
the participants also denounced genocide and ethnic cleansing in
kosovo.
they stressed the necessity of immediate halt to the human
disaster in kosovo and restoration of the legitimate rights of the
muslim kosovars.
emphasizing the responsibility of the international community to
take immediate measures in this respect, they called for continuation
of consultations by the oic contact group to find ways to settle
kosovo crisis and to return the displaced people.
oic secretary-general ezzedin laraki stressed in the meeting
the need to try to stop human disaster in kosovo, help the refugees,
return the displaced people and make consultations with influential
countries.
he also said that the u.n. and the security council must carry
out their responsibilities towards the crisis.
ys/rr
end
::irna 08/04/99 13:29



As Borders Close UN Voices Concern Over Fate of People Inside
Kosovo
=============================================================


thr 043
iran-un-kosovo
as borders close un voices concern over fate of people inside
kosovo
tehran, april 8, irna -- serbian authorities have closed the border
crossings from kosovo into albania and the former yugoslav republic
of macedonia and there have been virtually no new arrivals at the
third major exit point into neighboring montenegro, according to the
united nations high commissioner for refugees (unhcr) quoted on
thursday by the u.n. information center in tehran.
aid workers were tremendously concerned over the fate of ethnic
albanians who had been waiting on the kosovo side of the border with
the former yugoslav of macedonia, said a un spokesman in geneva.
those who had been in sight of the border had been brought across but
people who were on the road behind a hill obstructing the view were
now gone. unhcr said there had been disquieting reports from inside
kosovo that authorities there were now sending people back to their
home areas and turning them away from the border.
meanwhile, as the international aid effort moved into high gear
on wednesday, unhcr reported that the refugee situation wildly from
region to region. in the former yugoslav republic of macedonia,
authorities on tuesday night cleared a huge field along its border
in a matter of hours. for days, tens of thousands of refugees had
been trapped in the field in a squalid no-man's land. amid mass
confusion, some of the refugees were transferred to new transit
points a few kilometers away, others were sent by aircraft to turkey
and some were crowded into fleets of buses and reportedly driven
towards albania and greece.
with the scale of the crisis mounting daily, un agencies appealed
for dlrs 138.3 million to assist an estimated 650,000 refugees through
30 june. the amount includes nearly dlrs 65 million for unhcr, which
is coordinating the humanitarian relief effort. the un agency is also
working closely with nato, relying on its manpower and logistics to
operate a joint airlift operation cell in
geneva, prepare transit camp
sites, transport relief and evacuate refugees out of danger.
mm/hm
end
::irna 08/04/99 20:27

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:53:02 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Sharon to Demand Russia Halt Technology Transfer t

Sharon to Demand Russia Halt Technology Transfer to Iran
========================================================


Xinhua
08-APR-99

Iran
JERUSALEM (April 8) XINHUA - Israeli Foreign Minister Ariel
Sharon will make a visit to Russia next week during which he
will ask for a halt to Russia's alleged transfer of nuclear
technology to Iran, Israel Radio reported on Thursday.

The visit will be Sharon's third trip to Moscow in less than a
month, during which he will meet with his Russian counterpart
Igor Ivanov also over improving the relationship between Israel
and Russia.
Sharon's scheduled visit to Moscow was announced after he
expressed his reservations about the ongoing airstrikes on
Yugoslavia by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Sharon has avoided condemning Yugoslav President Slobodan
Milosevic and has not voiced support for the NATO strike.

In response, the Russian Foreign Ministry has expressed
"satisfaction" with Sharon's position, officials in Israeli
Prime Minister's Office disclosed.

A source in the Israeli government told local daily Haaretz that
Sharon's lukewarm approach to NATO's actions in Yugoslavia was
driven by a desire to woo the Russians, the traditional ally of
the Serbs.

"Sharon believes that such a position on Kosovo will enable him
to get something in return from the Russians in two spheres: the
halting of the transfer of technology to Iran and the generation
of economic links, such as investments," the source said.

Israel has said it has evidence that Russian firms are providing
nuclear weapons technology to Iran.

However, Russia insists that all its government agencies are in
compliance with rules designed to prevent the spread of nuclear
technology.

There has been no breakthrough on the issue during Sharon's
visits to Moscow last month.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:53:16 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Kaddoumi Arrives in Tehran

Kaddoumi Arrives in Tehran
==========================


thr 003
iran-plo-kaddoumi
kaddoumi arrives in tehran
tehran, april 9, irna -- head of the political bureau of palestaine's
liberation organization (plo), farouk kaddoumi, arrived in tehran
friday morning to confer with high ranking iranian officials.
the plo leader was welcomed by the iranian foreign ministry
director general for protocol affairs, mojtaba arastoo, at mehrabad
international airport.
talking to irna at the airport, kaddoumi expressed pleasure over
his visit to iran and said he was here upon the invitation of iranian
officials. he noted that he will discuss the latest developments in
the occupied lands as well as regional issues with iranian officials
during his two-day stay.
he paid tribute to the late founder of the islamic republic imam
khomeini and referred to his meeting with him in paris.
describing iran-plo ties as historical, he believed these
relations will continue until the qods and the occupied lands of
palestine are freed from under the israeli occupation.
the plo official further termed as significant the position and
role of iran in the islamic world and said iran as the chairman of
the organization of the islamic conference (oic) performed its duties
well during the oic summit in tehran in 1997.
kaddoumi also said that his organization expected much from the
brotherly country of iran in respect to the qods issue, adding that
since the iranian foreign ministry, too, attached top priority to
the issue, iran's support for palestine seemed necessary.
commenting on the problems on the way of establishment of peace
in the middle east, the official noticed that the plo favored peace
and was against any kind of solutions which would not guarantee the
rights of the palestinians and which hindered hoisting of the
palestinian flag in qods.
at the present stage, the main obstacle on the way of the peace
talks was the occupation of the arab and islamic territories in
palestine, south lebanon and the golan height by the zionist regime,
he added.
praising the resistance of the lebanese people against the
zionist occupiers, kaddoumi emphasized that the palestinian nation
will continue its campaign till the liberation of qods and the entire
palestine by mobilizing every potential and possibility.
criticizing the u.s. position, he said that the washington was
not a neutral mediator in the middle east crisis.
vd/ks
end
::irna 09/04/99 11:48

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:53:22 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Arafat to Visit China

Arafat to Visit China
=====================

04:01 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
BEIJING, April 8 (Reuters) - Palestinian President Yasser Arafat
will visit China from April 14, Chinese Foreign Ministry
spokesman Sun Yuxi said on Thursday.
Sun gave no details of the visit by Arafat, who left Japan
earlier on Thursday for Vietnam, but he reiterated Beijing's
support for an independent Palestinian homeland.

``The Chinese government supports the Palestinian people in
efforts to resume their rights, including setting up an
independent nation of Palestine, through peaceful
negotiations,'' Sun said.

China, a traditional backer or Arafat's Palestine Liberation
Organisation, established diplomatic relations with Israel in
1992 but maintains close ties to staunch Israeli enemies Iran,
Iraq and Syria.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Apr 1999 15:53:30 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Italy Presses for Rapid Rehabilitation of Libya

Italy Presses for Rapid Rehabilitation of Libya
===============================================

thr 031
libya-eu
italy presses for rapid rehabilitation of libya
london, apr. 8, irna - libya could take the first step of being
admitted back into the international community by the european
union next week, despite two of its agents faces terrorists charges in
the hague.
according to the financial times thursday, the italian government
is pressing for libyan officials to be allowed to attend the eu summit
with mediterranean countries on trade and security in stuttgart next
friday.
the proposal follows monday's hand over of two libyans accused
of the 1988 bombing of a pan am flight over lockerbie scotland for
trial at the hague.
it comes as italian foreign minister lamberto dini became the
first official from an eu country to travel to libya in seven
years, when he flew to tripoli tuesday.
uk firms are also planning to restart business with libya, led
by british airways announcing a resumption of three weekly flights
to tripoli before the end of the month, subject to government
approval.
next friday's summit is due to discuss the latest stages of
setting up a regional free trade agreement under the so-called
'barcelona process,' which libya has so far been excluded from.
hc/rr
end
::irna 08/04/99 15:05

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 23:30:56 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Immigrant Journey-An Iranian-American's Life in Tw

Immigrant Journey-An Iranian-American's Life in Two Lands
==========================================================


Newsweek BOOKS

Immigrant Journey
An Iranian-American's life in two lands
By Rana Dogar

Where is home when you've spent a life traveling between two
continents? Writer Tara Bahrampour explores the question in her
first book, a memoir entitled To See and See Again (Farrar,
Straus and Giroux. 1999). For Bahrampour, home is nebulous, and
nationality even harder to define. The daughter of an L.A. pop
singer and an Iranian architect whose father was a feudal lord,
she spent her childhood in America and prerevolutionary Iran.
Her family eventually settled in the States, but for the adult
writer to come to terms with her cross-cultural identity, it was
essential to revisit Iran and "deed o baz deed" ("see and see
again") the radically changed country she once called home.

Bahrampour's book, which covers her travels from Iran to America
and back again over roughly two decades, is essentially about
the struggle to straddle two cultures. She spent most of her
early years in Iran, at international schools attended by the
children of foreign diplomats, who hang in cliques and sip
imported Hi-C. She could move in this world; her American mother
worked at CBS Records in Tehran and knew how to make Halloween
costumes. But Bahrampour was never an expatriate. Her relatives
spoke a language that sounded like poetry and hired jinn
catchers to banish evil spirits from their homes. Once, when
Bahrampour wrote to an American children's TV show, "Big Blue
Marble," in hopes of being assigned an exotic pen pal, she was
paired with a girl in Kentucky. "It hits me," she writes. "They
think I am the exotic one. Someone like me, writing from Iran,
would never be matched up with a pen pal from a mysterious,
fascinating land when the center of the Big Blue Marble is
America."

Bahrampour's family eventually returned to the West Coast after
gunshots and mob riots near their home convince them that the
revolution is real. But in America, Iranians weren't popular,
and work was hard to find. Bahrampour's father, who ran his own
architectural firm in Tehran, was forced to take a job as a
carpenter in Oregon. The author felt her father's new fragility,
and her own. The girls in her new middle school had boyfriends
and feathered hair. The radio played the Beach Boys' "Barbara
Ann," with lyrics changed to "bomb Iran." Bahrampour was
embarrassed by relatives who tried to haggle for discounts at
the 7-Eleven. But she did not change her name, like her friend
Shahrzad, who decided to go by Sherri and tell people she's
Italian. Still, her own sense of identity remained murky. As she
grew up, went to Berkeley, worked as a journalist in Europe and
enjoyed the freedoms of the West, part of her remained deeply
nostalgic for the security and community of Iran.

When nostalgia eventually drew her back in 1994, she returned to
a country both familiar and fearful. Old women told her stories
about her father as a boy, and fragrant bazaars twinkled with
gold. She learned about henna artists who once painted love
poems up a bride's thighs, to be read by the groom on the
wedding night. But she was also interrogated by police for
speaking to strange men, and heard about mullahs who might dole
out lashings if a woman wore the wrong-color head scarf. The
rigidity of the new regime and the randomness of what may or may
not be considered Islamic by the komiteh (morals police) was
unsettling. But Bahrampour found new allies: the hundreds of
other women walking the streets in raincoats and scarves, who
tip each other off if the police are near. When she returned to
her job in Brussels, Bahrampour missed this unique solidarity,
and even donned a head scarf at night in her apartment. The
nostalgia is, of course, linked to her bicultural status. At the
end of the day, she didn't have to stay in Iran. Just as she can
wear a chador, knowing she would never be forced to do it every
day for the rest of her life, Bahrampour can see Iran's many
layers, and see them again, with the insight of a native and the
freedom of a foreigner. Her story is both entertaining and
deeply emotional.

Newsweek International, April 12, 1999

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 23:32:08 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: PRESS DIGEST - Iran - April 8

PRESS DIGEST - Iran - April 8
=============================


11:47 a.m. Apr 08, 1999 Eastern
- Iran's non-oil exports rose nearly 1.9 percent to $3.07
billion in the Iranian year which ended on March 20, the state
customs administration said. The figure includes trade with
neighbouring states at border markets.

JAHAN-E EQTESAD - There are no legal obstacles to foreign
investment in Iran, according to Mohammad Reza Nematzadeh,
deputy oil minister for petrochemical affairs. Iran will hold a
conference later this month to promote foreign investment in
petrochemicals.

- The all-share index at the Tehran Stock Exchange closed the
week to Wednesday at 1551.50 points, up 4.49 points on Tuesday's
close. The index gained 9.08 points in the week.

RESALAT

- Eight women MPs attacked Zan (Woman) daily for publishing part
of Iranian New Year greetings from Farah Diba, widow of Shah
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi who was toppled by the 1979 Islamic
revolution.

ABRAR-E EQTESADI

- The minister of mines and metals said Iran's annual steel
production had increased to 7.3 million tonnes, up from 900,000
tonnes 23 years ago. He said output would reach reach 12.5
million tonnes per year by the end of the second development
plan in March 2000 after the launch of 26 new projects.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 23:32:22 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Attack Corruption, Says Daily

Attack Corruption, Says Daily
=============================


thr 006
iran-daily-editorial
attack corruption, says daily
tehran, april 8, irna -- `iran daily', the english morning newspaper
in its editorial here thursday wrote ''the oil market glut, dwindling
state revenues, economic downturn, inflation, rising prices,
unemployment, the controversy and confusion over press and social
freedoms, relations with the outside world and a whole lot of other
national issues have kept both the political elite and the layman busy
during the past several months.''
''observers of all stripes too keep on talking about ways and
means to put the country on the right track. the press corps is
normally pre-occupied with dozens of sensitive subjects dealing with
everything from traffic regulations to interpretations of religious
and divine teachings,'' it added.
the daily said ''on more occasions than one president mohammad
khatami has announced that the people `deserve a better deal' after
20 years of revolution, war, reconstruction and sacrifices with few
parallels in contemporary history.''
''but what has surprisingly escaped the keen and cautious chief
executive and his aides' attention is the formidable problem of
corruption. of all that is known about the government's political,
economic and social development agenda, there is almost no mention of
the visibly urgent need to bring corruption under control and
criminalize all its forms,'' stated the daily.
the paper went on to say that ''it is only in the economic domain
that corruption has either been ignored or disregarded. available
empirical evidence has it that the frightening catalogue of
corruption, mismanagement and waste of public money, plus serious
failures in the proper conduct of accountabilities have handsomely
contributed to the present economic crisis. and yet those responsible
for and involved in mismanagement, fraud, malpractice and huge
irregularities have neither been publicly identified nor kicked out of
office.''
''the executive branch, irrespective of its belief in unity,
honesty and flexibility must clearly understand one principle:
corruption undermines the state's legitimacy. the same should be
brought to the attention of the judiciary,'' it said.
the daily pointed out ''political development cannot be achieved
in the absence of economic progress. very many factors inherent in the
global economy may have marred our economic development now and in the
past.
''but let there be no doubt that corruption and bribery is eating
away at the roots of our society bringing in its wake poverty and
mafia-like economic activity which is tearing the social contract
apart.
''there are increasing signs that economic despair and exhaustion
are sinking in. the government is obviously not unaware that people's
welfare cannot be limited to talking about it. the worst way to deal
with uncomfortable objects is to wait for them to arrive before
deciding what to do. it is high time the government embarks on real
and meaningful economic restructuring,'' concluded iran daily.
pm/ah
end
::irna 08/04/99 01:29

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 9 Apr 1999 to 12 Apr 1999 - Special issue
******************************************************************