Date: Apr 17, 1999 [ 14: 9: 28]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 16 Apr 1999 to 17 Apr 1999 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 16 Apr 1999 to 17 Apr 1999 - Special issue
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There are 18 messages totalling 1217 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. ACTIVIST PIRUZ DAVANI USED BY SECURITY AGENTS TO K
2. TRIAL OF KADIVAR TRANSFORMED INTO A NEW VICTORY FO
3. Ayatollah Jannati: U.S. Tries To Corner Iran
4. Iran Cleric Rejects Overture From 'Crook' Clinton
5. Dailies Comment On Remarks Of Clinton, Cook
6. U.N. Publishes Iran'S Note Verbale To Iraq
7. Iranian Opposition In Iraq Expects Revenge Strike
8. FOCUS-Iranian Exiles Expect Revenge Attack
9. Iran To Cooperate With Persian Gulf States On Oil,
10. Iran And Bahrain Discuss Oil Cooperation,Gas Sales
11. Daily Criticizes Fresh Onslaught Unleashed Against
12. Opec Basket Price Up By 38 Cents
13. Bodies Of 166 Martyrs Of Sacred Defense Returned T
14. Iran, Iraq Swap Remains Of Soldiers From 1980-88 W
15. Iran'S Responds To Uae Charges
16. Gneralov - Iran-Russia Power Cooperation Strategi
17. Khatami - gov't, governors belong to no faction, g
18. Saturday Newspaper Headlines in Tehran

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:33:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: ACTIVIST PIRUZ DAVANI USED BY SECURITY AGENTS TO K

ACTIVIST PIRUZ DAVANI USED BY SECURITY AGENTS TO KILL FORUHARS
==============================================================


PARIS 16TH APR. (IPS) The "Trojan Horse" that, on the fatal
night of 21 November, introduced the murderers in the residence
of the Foruhars in Tehran was Piruz Davani, a close friends of
the slain leaders of the Iranian People's Party, according to
former Iranian president Abolhasan Banisadr.

A leftist political activist, Mr. Davani had disappeared weeks
before the savage assassination of Dariush Foruhar and his wife,
Parvaneh Eskandari. An unidentified caller told his mother one
day after the murder of the Foruhars that her son had been
executed because of its anti-Islamic activities. The mother died
on heart attack hours after that call. However, Mr. Davani's
whereabr, Mr. Davani's
whereabouts remaining unknown until today.

"Now we know that Mr. Davani was used (by the agents of the
Information Ministry) as sure mean to enter the residence of the
Foruhars. Being a close friend of Dariush and Parvaneh, they had
been very anxious at the disappearance of Mr. Davani. So, when,
on the night of 21 November, he rang the bell of the Foruhars,
they immediately and gladly open him the door, letting in the
killers who were following him and whom, after finishing their
dirty work, took him to an unknown destination", the statement
says.

After an 3 men investigation committee created by the President
to look into the murders found that the assassins were official
security men of the Islamic regime, the Information
(Intelligence) Ministry admitted, to the shocked and outrage of
the nation, that its agents had carried the killings.

But 4 months into the investigations, the authorities have
refused to identify the killers, those among the officials who
authorised the killings and above all, the clerics who issued
the religious orders, or fatwas.

In a statement issued from his office at Versailles, near Paris,
where he lives in exile, Mr. Banisadr claims the assassination
of the Foruhar couple and writers Mohammad Mokhtari and Mohammad
Ja'far Pouyandeh were approved by the ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi,
Head of the Judiciary and the ayatollah Ahmad Jannati, an
influential member of the Council of Guardians. Both hard line
clerics are close associates of the leader, the ayatollah Ali
Khameneh'i.

According to the former president who was ousted from office by
the grand ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeiny in 1980, out of 35 people
who had been arrested in connection with the murders, 13 have
been released and 15 have confessed to the killings and will be
tried according to an understanding reached between Mr.
Khameneh'i, Mr. Hashemi Rafsanjani and Mr. Khatami to the effect
that no mention will be made of the senior leaders of the regime
nor high ranking clerics, civilian and military officers who are
involved in the assassinations.

In an open letter addressed to President Mohammad Khatami, 158
prominent politicians, intellectuals, journalists, scholars and
personalities urged him to inform the public opinion about the
results of the investigation by identifying all the men involved
in the murders, regardless of their ranks and positions.

In his statement, Mr. Banisadr also confirms press reports from
Tehran that the conservatives are to use the Muslim month of
Moharram, where religious fervour are high in Shi'a Iran, to
launch a new assault against the reformists, saying that a plan
has been approved by the hard line decision-makers, to detain
300 liberal, reformists and pro-Khatami people and shut down
some inpeople and shut down
some independent newspapers, including "Sobhe Emrouz", that
reported a similar claim. ENDS 24 DARIUSH&PARVANEH

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:34:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: TRIAL OF KADIVAR TRANSFORMED INTO A NEW VICTORY FO

TRIAL OF KADIVAR TRANSFORMED INTO A NEW VICTORY FOR REFORMISTS
==============================================================


By Safa Haeri
PARIS 15TH APR. (IPS) Whatever the verdict, the trial of
dissident cleric hojatoleslam Mohsen Kadivar that started and
ended yesterday in Tehran in the notorious Clergymen Special
Tribunal (CST) consecrated a new victory for the reformist camp
that support the President ayatollah Mohammad Khatami against
conservative forces led by the ayatollah Ali Khameneh'i, the
embattled and lamed leader of the ruling Islamic regime.

That victory, almost unnoticed by commentators and observers,
was symbolised by the fact that, under pressure from the public
opinion, the thick walls of the secretive CSTcracked, as for the
first time since its creation in 1989 by the grand ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeiny, the much feared Tribunal accepted the
presence, in the courtroom, of a very limited number of Iranian
journalists and a member of the family in the person of Mrs.
Jamileh Kadivar, the sister of the accused.

Also for the first time, the CST allowed Mr. Kadivar to be
defended, but not by his own hired lawyers, but by the ayatollah
Mohammad Hosein Mousavi-Tabrizi, a cleric chosen by the Tribunal
itself.

An outspoken, mid-ranking theologian and university lecturer,
Mr. Mohsen Kadivar, 40, was arrested on 22 February, accused by
the CST of "defaming Islam, confuse the public opinion, insult
of the leader and weakening the very fundaments of the sacred
Islamic Republic through speeches, articles, lectures and
interviews.

But informed sources told IPS that the real reasons for his
arrest were, besides his interpretation of the velayate faqih,
or the rule of Jurisconsult, an article in which he said the
present Islamic system based on the absolute rule of the valy
faqih, that is the ayatollah Khameneh'i, is "nothing but the
recreation of the former absolute Monarchy" in the one hand and
his closeness to the dissident grand ayatollah Hoseinali
Montazeri, the former heir to the leadership who is now living
under house arrest conditions, on the other

Mr. Montazeri was placed under house arrest on November 1997
after, during a speech in Qom, he criticised the "kingly,
Monarchic" life style of Mr. Khameneh'i, explaining that
according to the constitution, the valy has defined powers and
responsibilities and in any case he should not interfere with
the government's affairs, as Mr. Khameneh'i does.

An institution that has no legal or constitutional basis except
that it had been created by the grand ayatollah Khomeiny month
before his death in 1989 to judge clergymen alone, regardless of
their rank, the much feared CST, like all key administrations is
directly controlled by the leader who names its Head, now
hojatoleslam Mohseni Ezhe'i.

Contested by many modern clerics and members of the Iranian Bar
Association as illegal and unconstitutional, the CST has always
kept its trials in strict secrecy, never accepted the presence
of anyone but the accused, including close members of his
family, lawyers or the press. Above all, its verdicts stand no
appeal.

From the outset, Mr. Kadivar, had objected to both the legality
and the competence of the CST to judge him. Considering that
charges brought against him were of political and theological
nature, he demanded to be tried by a civilian court or by the
one that oversees press matters, with the presence of the jury,
the press and lawyers or he warned, he would never sit in the
court and if forced, he would keep silence.

Arguing that Mr. Kadivar had, with his writings and views,
weakened the fundaments of the system, confused the public
opinion, insulted the leader, plotted against the sacred regime
and defended the separation of religion from the State, Judge
Mohammad Salimi dismissed the defence as a subjective view and
said the Court had jurisdiction and was competent.

Eyewitnesses told IPS that the trial had started amid much
confusion, as a great number of journalists and foreign
correspondents, several members of the family, some prominent
lawyers and many students had gathered in front of the Tehran
branch of the CST.

"As the president of the tribunal, the hojatolesla"As the president of
the tribunal, the hojatolesla"As the president of the tribunal, the
hojatolesla"As the president of the tribunal, the hojatoleslam Mohammad
Salimi had, according to the CST, s rules, refused the presence
of the press, Mr. Kadivar reminded his conditions, saying he
would not go to the courtroom either. Then, after some secret
negotiations, and as Mrs. Jamileh Kadivar, the sister of the
accused was talking to the press; Mr. Salimi let a correspondent
for the conservative newspaper "Resalat" to enter. This was met
with angry objection from other newsmen. As a result, it was
decided that three more journalists, one for the pro-Khatami
daily "Salam" and 2 others from the official news agency IRNA
and Radio and TV to enter as well", the eyewitness reported.

Mrs. Kadivar, an adviser to the President, the wife of Mr.
Ata'ollah Mohajerani, the Islamic Guidance Minister and a staff
members of the pro-Government daily "Etela'at" who won a seat in
the recently elected Tehran's city council, told reporters
outside the courtroom that judging from the attitude of the
judges, "there is a possibility that they will decide to convict
my brother".

She said the judges told her that she could not be considered as
the accused first-degree parent and besides, since the courtroom
was already filled with people, there were no empty places for
her or the press. "If I'm not a close family member to my
brother, who else's? And besides, there was no one in the court
except the judges, my brother and his defendant, she told
journalist.

Expressing cautious satisfaction at the seven hours trial that
he described as "fair", Ayatollah Mousavi-Tabrizi, said Tuesday
most clerics agreed that under Shi'ite Islam there could be no
monopoly on religious interpretation.

He also announced to the press that the CST had recently created
an Appeal Court filled with senior judges from the regime's High
Court, meaning that if convicted, Mr. Kadivar could appeal.
Something that's another "first" with this jurisdiction that had
no appeal on its rulings

Late Tuesday, moderate students held a candlelight vigil in
support of Kadivar in the hills overlooking Tehran's Evin
prison, where the theologian is being held without bail,
chanting: "Freedom of Thought, Forever, Forever," and released
doves as a symbol of liberty.

"How come that Hofer (a German businessman jailed 2 years ago
accused of sexual relations with a Muslim Iranian woman and
freed 3 days ago on bail) can be freed on bail and the same
refused to Mr. Kadivar? One prominent lawyer observed, referring
to the fact that the CST had refused Mr. Kadivar go out of
prison on bail

Supporters of Mr. Kadivar, including a number of "modern"
clerics like the outspoken hojatoleslam Hasan Yusefi Eshkevary,
reformist newspaper editors, lawyers and intellectuals and
political figures such as Ali Mohammad Abtahi, Head of the
President's Office, say his "illegal" detention, like the
suspension of the newspaper "Zan" that belongs to Mrs. Fa'ezeh
Hashemi, the popular MP from Tehran, represented an open attack
on freedom and is part of a plan by the conservatives to curtail
limited democracy promised by Mr. Mohammad Khatami.

One commentator compared him to Galileo before the Inquisition.

In an open letter to President Khatami, Mr. Kadivar urged him to
enforce the constitution he swore to uphold with the oath of
office. "I have been held for the past 40 days on trumped-up
charges which constitute an inquisition, a move to shut the
gates of criticism ... enchain liberties and suppress free
thought. I ask you one thing: to ensure that I shall be tried in
accordance with the...constitution. That means, I must be tried
in a court of law, with a jury and in a public trial," he said.
ENDS KADIVAR 1649902

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:34:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Ayatollah Jannati: U.S. Tries To Corner Iran

Ayatollah Jannati: U.S. Tries To Corner Iran
============================================


thr 016
prayers-jannati
ayatollah jannati: u.s. tries to corner iran
tehran, april 16, irna -- substitute leader of friday congregational
prayers ayatollah ahmad jannati said in his second sermon to thousands
of worshippers at tehran university friday that the united states
intends to corner iran to submission by its military maneuvers in the
persian gulf and by building a joint military base in azerbaijan.
he said iran does not envy any of her neighbors in the region,
and added that the united states has double policies in its dealing
with world governments. he said the united states 'intends to
devour' and dominate all world nations with a step by step policy.
ayatollah jannati also referred to the designation of the current
iranian calendar year in the name of imam khomeini, and called on all
people who do publicity work for islam to follow every element of the
islamic faith especially in the area of ideology, jihad, bravery and
learning.
he addressed himself to the people in charge at the iranian radio
and television networks and to chancellors of universities and
educators at high schools calling on them to take every effort and
prove to the world that a country can be administered with the laws
of islam.
ayatollah jannati also referred to the martyrdom of deputy chief
of the joint staff of the armed forces general sayad shirazi, saying
that the multitude of the people who participated in his funeral
ceremonies proved that the blood of such people like him were not shed
in vain, since the catasrophe further commits the people to the same
religious values.
the substitute leader of the friday congregational prayers also
said that the terrorist mujahedin khalq group would do better to
remember that they are not confronting only a few personalities, but
rather a whole nation of committed and faithful people.
hr/hm
end
::irna 16/04/99 16:46

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:34:26 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran Cleric Rejects Overture From 'Crook' Clinton

Iran Cleric Rejects Overture From 'Crook' Clinton
=================================================


08:57 a.m. Apr 16, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN (Reuters) - A top hardline Iranian cleric Friday rejected
recent conciliatory remarks by President Clinton, saying they
were contradicted by the United States' hostile policy toward
Iran.

``These (Americans) are crooks. Why are some people so naive and
believe them?'' Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati said in a sermon during
weekly Muslim prayers in Tehran carried on state radio.

Clinton said in Washington earlier this week that Iran had been
subject to ``quite a lot of abuse from various Western
countries,'' and should be told it had a right to be angry.

``He coins these words, but at the same time America holds
military maneuvers with the United Arab Emirates in the Persian
Gulf and poses a threat to the region,'' Jannati said.

The United States holds regular war games with its Gulf Arab
allies, including the UAE which is involved in a territorial
dispute with Iran.
``In Azerbaijan, they plan to set up a military base. What they
want is Iran. They want to besiege us,'' Jannati said.

Some Azeri officials have called for a U.S. base to be set up in
Azerbaijan, Iran's northern neighbor, to counter what they call
Russian threats.

``What are these double standard policies?'' said Jannati,
secretary of the powerful Guardian Council and a leading figure
among the conservatives opposed to moderate President Mohammad
Khatami.

Khatami's Foreign Ministry Thursday welcomed Clinton's remarks,
but said Tehran wanted action by Washington to end hostility
toward the Islamic republic.

Two decades of adversarial relations between the two countries
have thawed somewhat since Khatami called for grassroots
exchanges last year.

Iran has repeatedly called on Washington to release its assets,
frozen after the 1979 Islamic revolution, and end acts of
hostility such as trade sanctions.

The United States broke off diplomatic ties with Iran after
militant students seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran in 1979 and
took its staff hostage.

It has since imposed sanctions on Iran, accusing it of backing
international terrorism and seeking to develop nuclear weapons.
Tehran denies the charges.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:34:36 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Dailies Comment On Remarks Of Clinton, Cook

Dailies Comment On Remarks Of Clinton, Cook
===========================================


thr 017
iran-uk-u.s.-press
dailies comment on remarks of clinton, cook
tehran, april 17, irna -- two english dailies saturday commenting on
the recent remarks of british foreign secretary robin cook and u.s.
president bill clinton about iran, said that the ball lies in
the u.s.-uk court.
clinton said in remarks made at the white house on wednesday,
''you (iranians) have a right to be angry at something my country or
my culture or others that are generally allied with us today did to
you 50 to 60 or 100 or 150 years ago...''
robin cook, in his remark at the lord mayor of london's easter
banquet on wednesday, reiterated the importance for the british
government of normalizing relations with iran.
although the confessions sounded true, it will not settle the
dust, pointed out the 'tehran times' in an article in its opinion
column, adding ''iran has time and again warned the western
countries not to jeopardize their ties with iran through supporting
the terrorists, levelling baseless charges and imposing sanctions.''
observers however believe that clinton is ''merely playing with
words,'' noted the paper stressing that what is actually expected
from u.s. is ''action not words.''
despite all the restrictive measures taken against iran such as
sanctions and embargoes, the islamic republic has faced no problems
whatsoever in finding business and economic partners both in the east
and the west, it said.
western pundits must realize that iran, whether one likes it or
not, has a major role in the overall affairs of the region because of
its geostrategic position, stressed the daily, adding that the
iranian nation has also made unprecedented sacrifices to achieve
independence and will do whatever is necessary to protect such
sovereignty and independence.
fh/ks
more
::irna 17/04/99 12:45

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:34:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: U.N. Publishes Iran'S Note Verbale To Iraq

U.N. Publishes Iran'S Note Verbale To Iraq
==========================================


thr 016
iran-iraq-un-mko
u.n. publishes iran's note verbale to iraq
united nations, new york, april 17, irna -- iran's note verbale to
iraq on the assassination of general ali sayyad shirazi was published
on friday as a document of the general assembly.
major general ali sayyad shirazi, deputy chief of the joint staff
command of the armed forces of the islamic republic of iran was
assassinated by iraq-based mujahideen khalq organization (mko)
terrorist group on april 10 in front of his residence.
the note verbale sent by the iranian foreign ministry to the
iraqi embassy in tehran on april 12 read: "the terrorist group mko,
having its command headquarters in baghdad, has claimed responsibility
for the terrorist act resulting in the martyrdom of general sayyad
shirazi."
it said: "in view of the fact that this group plans its
terrorist acts in baghdad and that such acts, which are disruptive of
the security of iraq's neighboring country, iran, could not be
planned without coordination with the iraqi authorities, the
iranian foreign ministry protests strongly against hosting and
organizing the mko terrorist group and against provision of facilities
to them."
the foreign ministry called on baghdad to identify and extradite
those responsible for masterminding this terrorist act and to desist
from aiding, abetting and organizing this terrorist group.
''the islamic republic of iran reserves its right to legitimate
defense with a view to safeguarding its security against terrorist
acts,'' it stressed.
the full text of the protest letter along with a letter from
iran's charge d'affaires to the u.n. mehdi danesh-yazdi dated april
13.
ys/ks
end
::irna 17/04/99 12:26

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:34:56 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iranian Opposition In Iraq Expects Revenge Strike

Iranian Opposition In Iraq Expects Revenge Strike
=================================================


04:55 a.m. Apr 17, 1999 Eastern
BAGHDAD, April 17 (Reuters) - An Iranian exile group said on
Saturday that it expected Tehran to launch an ``imminent'' air
and missile attack against its bases in Iraq to avenge the
assassination of a top Iranian general last week.

``The clerical regime is preparing itself for an imminent air
and missile attack against the bases of the Mujahideen and
National Liberation Army in Iraq territory,'' the group said in
a statement faxed to Reuters office in Baghdad.

It said it had evidence that the Iranian government had summoned
to Tehran on Thursday commanders of several air bases outside
the capital to receive briefing on the new attack.

Last week Mujahideen Khalq movement assassinated Iran's armed
forces deputy joint chief of staff, Lieutent-General Ali Sayyad
Shirazi. The Iranian government has vowed revenge.

The Mujahideen have military camps close to the Iranian border
and their military arm, the National Liberation Army of Iran, is
equipped with tanks, armoured personnel carriers and helicopter
gunships.

Iranian warplanes attacked Mujahideen camps in Iraq in 1992 and
1997. There had been also several armed attacks at their
headquarters in heart of the Iraqi capital.

Iran and Iraq fought a costly war in the 1980 and relations
remain bitter. While Iraq provides bases for the Mujahideen,
Iran plays host to the Supreme Council of the Islamic Revolution
in Iraq, whose Shi'ite Moslem guerillas attack targets in
southern Iraq.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:35:08 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: FOCUS-Iranian Exiles Expect Revenge Attack

FOCUS-Iranian Exiles Expect Revenge Attack
==========================================


11:51 a.m. Apr 17, 1999 Eastern
BAGHDAD, April 17 (Reuters) - An Iranian exile group said on
Saturday that it expected Tehran to launch an ``imminent'' air
and missile attack against its bases in Iraq to avenge the
assassination of a top Iranian general last week.

``The clerical regime is preparing itself for an imminent air
and missile attack against the bases of the Mujahideen and
National Liberation Army in Iraq territory,'' the group said in
astatement faxed to Reuters office in Baghdad.

It said the commanders of several Iranian air bases were called
to Tehran on Thursday for a briefing on the planned attack.

The Mujahideen Khalq movement assassinated Iran's armed forces
deputy joint chief of staff, Lieutent-General Ali Sayyad Shirazi
last week. The Iranian government vowed revenge.

The Mujahideen have military camps close to the Iranian border
and their military arm, the National Liberation Army of Iran, is
equipped with tanks, armoured personnel carriers and helicopter
gunships.

Iranian warplanes attacked Mujahideen camps in Iraq in 1992 and
1997. There had been also several armed attacks at their
headquarters in heart of the Iraqi capital.

Iran and Iraq fought a costly war in 1980-88 and relations
remain bitter. While Iraq provides bases for the Mujahideen,
Iran plays host to the Supreme Council of the Islamic Revolution
in Iraq, whose Shi'ite Moslem guerillas attack targets in
southern Iraq.

Iraq's most influential newspaper, Babel, criticised the Iranian
government on Saturday, saying Tehran was ``still putting up
obstacles to normalisation of ties.''

The paper, owned by President Saddam Hussein's son Uday,
complained that Iran was holding Iraqi military and civilan
planes flown there for safety during the 1991 Gulf War over
Kuwait and that a dispute over prisoners of war has not been
solved.

Baghdad says Iran still holds thousands of Iraqi PoWs from the
1980-89 conflict. Iran denies the Iraqi figures and says Iraq is
still holding thousands of Iranians.

Iraqi officials said on Thursday that an Iranian delegation
headed by Brigadier-General Mirfeisal Baqerzadah was in Baghdad
holding PoW talks.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:35:18 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran To Cooperate With Persian Gulf States On Oil,

Iran To Cooperate With Persian Gulf States On Oil, Gas
======================================================


thr 009
iran-persian gulf-hosseini
iran to cooperate with persian gulf states on oil, gas
beirut, april 16, irna -- iran's deputy oil minister, mehdi hosseini,
said in manama thursday that tehran was currently considering plans to
cooperate with a number of persian gulf states on oil and gas fields.
making the remark in an interview with the london-based
arabic-language daily asharq al-awsat, he said iran was to sign an
agreement to transfer gas to dubai with a similar one to be signed
with abu dhabi.
hosseini, who is in manama to participate in an oil
conference on the middle east, further said that he was going to
explore ways for oil cooperation with bahraini officials.
commenting on the increasing oil prices, he noted that the
critical economic situation prevailing after the crisis in asia
dictates that not much hope should be pinned in this regard.
hosseini also said the agreement between iran and saudi arabia
to reduce their oil output has prepared the ground for adoption of
a similar decision by other opec member states.
the deputy minister further accused certain countries of
interfering in the oil market in an attempt to kill the recent
agreements and referred to the u.s. as one of them. washington, he
said, is trying to bring the oil market in harmony with its own
policies by imposing sanctions against those companies which have
cooperation with certain ountries.
vd/ks
end
::irna 16/04/99 11:25

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:35:24 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran And Bahrain Discuss Oil Cooperation,Gas Sales

Iran And Bahrain Discuss Oil Cooperation,Gas Sales
==================================================


10:07 a.m. Apr 17, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN, April 17 (Reuters) - Iran and Bahrain have discussed oil
cooperation and the possible sale of Iranian gas to the Gulf
Arab state, the Iranian news agency IRNA reported on Saturday.

It quoted Deputy Oil Minister Mehdi Hosseini as saying that Iran
had also made proposals on taking part in a $1 billion refinery
project in Bahrain.

Hosseini said the talks were held during an energy conference in
Bahrain last week.

``I met Bahraini officials on the sidelines of this gathering
and we had good discussions on oil cooperation in the areas of
refinement and exploration,'' he told IRNA.

Hosseini said Bahrain planned to spend $1 billion to refurbish a
250,000 barrels a day refinery and that Iran had made proposals
in this respect. He did not elaborate.

Iran has been trying to earn much-needed hard currency by
providing technical and engineering services to other countries.

Hosseini said the two sides also discussed exploration and the
sale of Iranian gas to Bahrain, the agency reported.

Iran's relations with its Gulf Arab neighbours have improved
since moderate President Mohammad Khatami took office in 1997.

``With regard for Iran's policy of expanding relations with Arab
states, we expressed our goodwill and desire for detente during
talks with Bahraini officials,'' Hosseini said.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:35:40 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Daily Criticizes Fresh Onslaught Unleashed Against

Daily Criticizes Fresh Onslaught Unleashed Against Print Media
==============================================================


thr 008
print media-attack-press
daily criticizes fresh onslaught unleashed against print media
tehran, april 17, irna -- 'iran daily' saturday strongly criticized
attacks and fresh onslaught unleashed against the print media and
pointed out that public opinion has not forgotten how the opponents
''in their column expressed satisfaction over rallies held by the
outlawed mujahideen khalq organization and actions of the overseas
opposition during mr. khatami's tour of italy.''
however, ''contrary to the press bashing of the past two years,
this year's offensive to contain and restrict legal freedom of
expression and stifle the larger and popular sections of the print
media is rather organized,'' said the article in the perspective
column of the paper.
it's a three-pronged attack, said the english-language daily,
adding that the ''first comes from president mohammad khatami's
political opponents who consider the free press as one of the main
pillars of government power. this group thinks growth of the free
press will help spread the administration's influence in the domestic
and international arenas. hence according to this faction, any attack
against the press is a blow against the government.
''the second diatribe is the product of a particular
narrow-minded cultural camp whose closed minded members believe the
pursuit of dynamism and spreading awareness among public opinion is a
threat to their own philosophical traits. since every publication
seeks to open new insights to the public, this group rushes to
introduce the print media as the biggest enemy of its perceived
system,'' it said.
due to their inability to respond properly to the thought and
opinions of the free press, they seek to provoke the judiciary and/or
take the liberty to accuse the press of promoting vice, pointed
out the paper.
the third party is among the press corps itself, said the
paper, adding, ''they are the sponsors of publications which have
failed to appeal to the public opinion.''
however, it noted ''despite all the means and facilities made
available to them by certain interest groups, their readership does
not go beyond a limited number of employees of certain organizations
and institutions.''
''currently, these three opponent groups of the reformist media
are currently in collusion and have drawn fully on their might to
blast the press community. their propaganda organs use the most ugly
and humiliating terminology in describing media personalities and
journalists,'' said the paper.
fh/ys
end
::irna 17/04/99 11:08

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:35:48 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Opec Basket Price Up By 38 Cents

Opec Basket Price Up By 38 Cents
================================


thr 004
opec-price
opec basket price up by 38 cents
vienna, april 17, irna -- the price of the opec basket of seven
crudes increased by 38 cents and stood at dlrs 14.83 a barrel
thursday. this was up from 14.45 dollars wednesday according to
opec secretariat calculations released here on friday.
the opec basket comprises algeria's saharan blend, indonesia's
minas, nigeria's bonny light, saudi arabia's arabian light, dubai
of the united arab emirates, venezuela's tia juana and mexico's
istmus crude.
energy future prices rose in trading on the new york mercantile
exchange (nymex) thursday according to reports released here friday.
west texas intermediate (wti), the american benchmark crude, was
up by 40 cents to finish at 16.87 dollars per barrel for may delivery.
the june contract stood at 16.89 dollars, up by 34 cents.
kz/mhj/ks
end
::irna 17/04/99 09:59

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:35:56 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Bodies Of 166 Martyrs Of Sacred Defense Returned T

Bodies Of 166 Martyrs Of Sacred Defense Returned To Country
===========================================================


thr 014
iran-iraq-martyrs
bodies of 164 martyrs of sacred defense returned to country
tehran, april 17, irna -- the official in charge of the committee to
search for the bodies of those missing in action during the sacred
defense, brigadier general mirfeisal baqerzadeh, said that the bodies
of 166 martyrs of the sacred defense were exchanged with those of
221 iraqi soldiers in shalamcheh border point saturday morning.
he told irna that the bodies were delivered to iranian
officials after the army officials paid respect to them at
oan fficial military ceremony.
he said the decision to exchange the bodies was made following
the negotiations made during the recent visit of the committee
officials to iraq.
baqerzadeh further noted that the bodies were discovered during
joint search operations conducted by iranian and iraqi forces in
iraq's shalmcheh region.
the funeral procession for the bodies of iranian martyrs will be
held in southwestern city of abadan sunday.
vd/ks
end
::irna 17/04/99 12:15

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:36:04 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran, Iraq Swap Remains Of Soldiers From 1980-88 W

Iran, Iraq Swap Remains Of Soldiers From 1980-88 War
====================================================


06:03 a.m. Apr 17, 1999 Eastern
TEHRAN (Reuters) - Iran and Iraq Saturday exchanged the remains
of 385 soldiers who died during their 1980-88 war, the official
Iranian news agency IRNA reported.

IRNA quoted General Mirfeisal Baqerzadeh, a senior official, as
saying that the bodies of 164 Iranian soldiers were exchanged
for the remains of 221 Iraqi soldiers. It said the handover
ceremony took place at the Shalamcheh border crossing in
southwestern Iran.

``The bodies of these martyrs were found in the general area of
Shalamcheh after two months of joint search operations by
Iranian and Iraqi reconnaissance teams,'' he told IRNA.

Last month, Iran repatriated 450 Iraqi prisoners of war in
return for the release of 53 Iranian detainees.

Iran and Iraq accuse each other of holding thousands of POWs
more than a decade after the end of the eight-year war that
claimed hundreds of thousands of lives.

The issue has blocked a full normalization of relations between
the former enemies.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:36:14 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran'S Responds To Uae Charges

Iran'S Responds To Uae Charges
==============================


thr 041
conference-emirates
iran's responds to uae charges
tehran, april 17, irna -- a member of iranian delegation to the 101st
inter-parliamentary union conference held in brussels, responding to
a united arab emirates (uae) delegate, said friday that the only
solution to the iran-uae dispute is bilateral negotiations.
ms. marziyeh dabagh, also deputy head of iranian parliament's
defense commission, stressed iran's commitment to the international
norms including the 1971 agreement between the two countries.
she also added that iran has friendly ties with all of its
neighbors in the persian gulf and is ready for negotiation with the
uae without preconditions and based on historical facts and
international regulations.
explaining the basic principles of iran's foreign policy she
added, ''iran is determined to follow a moderate course in expansion
of relations with its neighbors based on respect for independence and
taking into account the equal rights of other countries.''
she further stated ''we support all the proposals seeking to
strengthen confidence and cooperation in persian gulf region and
regard it as a measure to safeguard peace and security in this
sensitive region.''
referring to the recent military maneuvers in the persian gulf,
dabagh stressed, ''the maneuvers were conducted within iranian
territorial waters, taking into consideration all the international
regulations.''
she also expressed disappointment at some of the arab countries
provocative statement on the three iranian islands, adding,
''certainly, this sort of provocations do not contribute to a
peaceful resolution of the issue.''
over 137 delegations from member countries are participating in
the 101st inter-parliamentary union conference, was held from april
10-16 in brussels.
nb/rr
end
::irna 17/04/99 16:58

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:36:24 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Gneralov - Iran-Russia Power Cooperation Strategi

generalov - iran-russia power cooperation strategic
===================================================


thr 049
iran-russia-generalov
generalov: iran-russia power cooperation strategic
tehran, april 17, irna -- iran-russia cooperation in the area of
power industry is strategic and it takes both countries 10 years to
implement several giant rojects for enhancement of power plants.
the visiting russian fuel and power engineering minister sergei
generalov further told his iranian counterpart habibollah bitaraf
here on saturday that establishment of the seventh and eighth units
of ramin power plant in ahvaz and the ninth and 10th units of martyr
montazeri power plant in isfahan constitute part of tehran-moscow
cooperation in the area of power.
he expressed satisfaction with russia's efforts to provide iran
with insurance cover and and banking facilities within framework of
tehran-moscow joint economic commission.
he said that his country is ready to form a consortium with iran
to be engaged in power related activities.
bitaraf said establishment of power plants with the annual
capacity of 400 megawatts through cooperation with russia and
extensive cooperation between iranian and russian companies would
provide iranian and russian industrialists with more job markets in
either country.
bg/rr
end
::irna 17/04/99 18:15

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:37:08 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Khatami - gov't, governors belong to no faction, g

Khatami - gov't, governors belong to no faction, group
======================================================


thr 024
president-governors-
gov't, governors belong to no faction, group: president
tehran, april 17, irna -- president seyed mohammad khatami said here
saturday that the governors general were the pillars of economic,
political and social management in the country, adding that their
cooperation with the president and the government would bring
stability, progress and power to the society.
addressing a gathering of governors general, the president said:
"the government and the governors general do not belong to a certain
faction." he also urged them to refrian from discrimination and
personal tastes and recognize the various factions and groups and
tolerate differences of views.
the president said the governors must maintain direct contacts
with the people, the ulema, the clergy, the trustees, and teachers
and pay special attention to the medium and lower classes of the
society.
recalling his promises to the people during the presidential
campaign, khatami noted that the main condition for survival and
strength of the system was the mutual confidence between the people
and the government.
referring to his campaign programs, the president said: "the
people's majority vote to the president was a sign of their emphasis
on these programs."
"when the vote is confirmed by the supreme leader, the president's
programs are no more personal views and efforts to defend and
materialize them becomes a heavy religious, legal, moral
and national duty."
the president stressed that in order to carry out these programs
and the promises he has given to the people, "i will use all the
authority and the rights i have been entrsuted in the islamic republic
of iran system, as a duty and will have no consideration in
accomplishing these programs except to avoid tension in the society."
khatami said: "as the president, i will stick to the motto of
perseverance, tolerance, refraining from tension and emphasis on the
principles and this will be the course that will be taken." he urged
the governors general to assist the president as "my closest
colleagues."
stressing on all-out, balanced and sustainable development in
the society, the president stated that political development was
one of his most pivotal promises. "the most difficult part of
development is political development because it deals with the rights
of the people and it is the duty of the government to address these
rights," he noted.
he said the islamic revolution has paved the way for political
development in the society, adding that "participation is the first
step towards political development." he said the councils elections
are the most prominent manifestation of participation.
khatami said the peaceful and healthy holding of the recent
city-village councils elections materialized one of the most important
promises of the government. "the councils elections showed that the
people prefer general interests to ethnic and regional issues."
political development would be realized in a society where the
basic rights and duties of its people and government have been
defined and clarified, said the president, adding that the
constitution is the pivot of social solidarity.
he said the constitution was compiled by the experts assembly,
approved in a nationwide referendum in 1979 and confirmed by father of
the islamic revolution and founder of the islamic republic the late
imam khomeini.
the political development that is based on the constitution is
the most pivotal aspiration of the islamic revolution and its
execution is the most important duty of the chief executive, khatami
said.
elsewhere in his remarks, the president said that difference of
opinion in a society is something natural and there should be a
consensus on how differences should be set forth in a
well-distinguished framework.
the president said that political development means that every
individual has the right to think, express views and lead a descent
life by abiding by social order.
neither the system nor the judicial power should deal with
people's violations partially, rather they have the duty to behave
an offender within the framework of the law, said hojatoleslam
khatami.
the most pivotal element of political development, said
president khatami, is recognizing freedom of the opposition within
the framework of the law.
when it comes to rights of people
it means rights of the proponents and opponents of the government and
the system as a whole, said the president, adding that based on the
constitution defending the rights of citizens means defending the
rights they have and the government has the duty to observe them.
achieving such an extent of solidarity to insure a sound
political development in the society is a difficult task and this is
the area wherein iranian officials have the least experience.
khatami said the opposition should honor social security and
avoid weakenening the foundations of the system.
president said that prevalence of islamic law in the society,
protection of security, independence and territorial integrity of
the country and preventing any attempt to undermine velayat-e faqih
(guardianship of religious jurisprudent) are bases of social security
and of the well established norms in the society.
he said that raising scientific views would not weaken the system,
rather preventing expression of logical views would weaken it.
referring to the late imam khomeini's statement on existence
of different opinions in a society and on the need to keep the
doors of deliberations open, the president said one cannot
prevent expression of intellectual and scientific opinions in the name
of revolution and the system. at the same time, he added, one cannot
violate the law under the pretext of raising scientific views.
khatami said that of course, principles of the system should not
be so tightened that any view expressed would be taken as the one
against the system.
those considering themselves weak, would take any view raised
against their taste as a threat to the system and the revolution, said
the president.
one of the most important principles of those loyal to the
system is commitment to religion, religious principles and
values, especially honoring status of the religious dignitaries and
of those committed to religion in a society, the president added.
khatami maintained that defending religious government would
last provided that there exits no feeling on antagonism between
religion, freedom and man's dignity. emergence of such a feeling
would be detrimental both to the religion and the freedom.
confronting freedom of people would weaken the system as
confronting the ideological and religious bases of the society would
do, he added.
khatami brushed aside abuse of religion, law, values and
imposition of a certain view on the others and underlined the need for
formation of organizations, groups and parties. he said that to insure
survival of the system, all groups and parties should be identified
and assume responsibility for the views they express.
he said all those supporting the late imam are concerned with
defense of the islamic principles and undermining of such values as
martyrdom, self-sacrifice, commitment to religion and sticking to the
ethics and islamic virtues in the society.
all should try to prevent any contrast between political
development as freedom slogans and values, the president warned.
political development, he said, is not in contradiction with
martyrdom, self-sacrifice and values. there are some who are doing
mischief to change attitudes of ulama and officials towards the
government and its programs, said the president, adding that such a
move was observed both before and after the (1997) presidential
elections in iran.
damage to religion would shaken foundations of social cohesion,
said the president, adding that political development in the society
support the path of martyrs and would not be realized without
relying on religion.
establishment of the (islamic) system was the most important
aspiration of the martyrs, said the president, calling for
proper strategies to be work out to recognize differences.
there are some who think that they can remove opposite views
through suppression or physical omission, whereas it is not
case, he continued.
commemorating the memory of late army commander lieutenant
general ali sayyad shirazi, who was assassinated by the terrorist
mujahideen khalq organization (mko) on april 10, the president said
the fugitive terrorists who have sought refuge with the enemy are
using the physical omission method.
he said the case on recent murders are under investigation at the
judiciary, concluding that government is busy investigating the
root causes of the incidents to assure people that such a practice
has no place in the islamic system and is not approved by the supreme
leader of islamic revolution, ayatollah ali khamenei.
bg/rr
end
::irna 17/04/99 17:52

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999 00:37:46 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Saturday Newspaper Headlines in Tehran

Saturday Newspaper Headlines in Tehran
======================================


thr 002
headlines-press
saturday morning's newspaper headlines
tehran, april 17, irna -- the following headlines appeared in
tehran's newspapers this morning:
iran daily:
-iran, russia ink energy memorandum of understanding (mou)
-u.n. accuses milosevic of emptying kosovo
-imam based everything on religious conduct
-jannati warns azerbaijan
-clinton admits unjust approach on iran
-hyundai wins dlrs 995 million south pars contract
-india, pakistan missiles worry u.n.
tehran times:
-kadivar may be imprisoned for some months
-clinton's remarks admission to unjust u.s. relations with iran
-nato bombing kills 75 refugees, injures 25
-iran condemns israeli occupation of lebanese village
-experts on iran's economy
-mko vows to continue terrorist operations in iran
-iran to cooperate with persian gulf states on oil, gas
iran news:
-clinton: iran has been subject of abuse from various western
nations
-israeli troops fortify arnoun
-iran to cut oil exports 12 percent a month in 1999
-jannati warns azerbaijan on plans for u.s. base
-u.s. to call up reservists to boost nato action in yugoslavia
-asefi deplores attack on convoy of kosovar civilians; iran
condemns israeli takeover of lebanese village
kayhan international:
-ayatollah jannati in friday prayers: u.s. intends to corner iran
-khatami hails role of shia ulema in safeguarding islamic
values
-iran to cooperate with persian gulf states in oil, gas fields
-special care must be taken for deprived provinces - khatami
-seyed hassan khomeini: imam based everything on religious
conduct
-fm spokesman: clinton admits washington's ''unjust relation''
with tehran
-china, russia jointly blast u.s. missile defense proposal
iran:
-clinton: iran is right
-khatami: enemies want to push government towards adopting
strict measures
-marriage at bojnourd jail
-nato bombs refugees
-khatami to visit saudi arabia in a near future
jomhuri eslami:
-president stresses need for convergence among political
groups
-ayatollah amini: u.s. president is crook, number one
enemy of islam and muslims
-armed forces to stage parades at azadi square tomorrow on the
occasion of the army day
-nato warplanes bomb kosovar refugees
salaam:
-president: if we want to safeguard islam, then we should
implement constitution
-fm spokesman: clinton's remarks an admission of unfair u.s.
relations with iran
-majlis speaker severely criticizes kian, aban, iran farda and
negah-e nou periodicals
-names of jury members of 6th press festival announced
abrar:
-tehran's substitute prayer leader: staging of war games in
south, setting up of bases in north; u.s. planning to besiege iran
-president's remarks in session of lorestan province's
administrative council on aimless terrorist acts, economic security,
political development, elimination of deprivation
-clinton on nato's bombing of kosovar refugee convoy: it was
inevitable
-south korea to invest dlrs. 1b on iranian gas industry
hamshahri:
-president in meeting with clerics of lorestan province: name
of imam hossein, clerics, velayat and sanctities should not be used
for personal interests
-ayatollah sanei: nobody should fear knowledge and facts of islam
-majlis speaker: clergy should avoid luxurious lives
-interior minister inspects construction operation of `tower of
tehran'
kar va karegar:
-clinton makes amazing remarks: iran is right to be angry
-president: we should tolerate opposition within legal
framework
-majlis speaker: owners of some printed media are those
who have problems with system
-south korea's dlrs. 1b investment in iran's gas industries
qods:
-president: freedom does not mean laxity, anarchism
-tehran friday prayers leader: iran will not allow misconduct
by any country
-jordanian judiciary chief to visit iran
-guidance ministry deputy for press: present press law is an
advanced one
jahan-e eslam:
-khatami: judicial security a support for economic security
-ayatollah sanei: we should not fear realities of islam
-clinton: iran has right to be angry
-security council expresses regret over massacre of civilians
in nato bombing
afarinesh:
-nato bombs convoy of albanian refugees
-clinton admits tehran-washington ties were unfair
-president in lorestan province: freedom could only interpreted
within legal framework
arya:
-khatami: i know no other instrument to defend islam than
constitutional law
-clinton to iranian nation: you are quite right to be angry with
u.s. for its behaviour in past
-fm spokesman: clinton's remarks reveal a kind of change and
realism
-qom's substitute friday prayers leader: iranian nation awaiting
practical changes in u.s. behaviour



saturday afternoon's newspaper headlines
tehran, april 17, irna -- the following headlines appeared in
tehran's newspapers this afternoon:
kayhan:
- ayatollah amini: clinton adopts demagogic policy, iranian
nation will never be deceived by u.s. plot
- south korea invests dlrs one billion for exploitation of
natural gas in iran
- bojnourd's 2,000 ton cement plant put into operation
- nato confesses to bombardment of kosovar refugees
ettela'at:
- president: ''perseverance, tolerance, avoiding tension,
smphasis on principles considered my motto''
- president underscores need for unity, assistance of political
groups
- nateq nouri: late imam khomeini was common point, pivot of
political wings
- clinton's words, regarded as a confession of u.s. unjust
relations with iran
- president to visit saudi arabia by end of may
- ayatollah jannati warns against formation of u.s.-
azerbaijan joint military base in caspian sea
resalat:
- iran: our criteria is u.s. performance, not clinton's words
- president: those sharing principles should tolerate
each other
mm/rr
end
::irna 17/04/99 17:58

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 16 Apr 1999 to 17 Apr 1999 - Special issue
*******************************************************************