Date: Jul 10, 1999 [ 14: 0: 31]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 10 Jul 1999 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 10 Jul 1999 - Special issue
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There are 17 messages totalling 1225 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Iran/CNN: Resignations, protests mark hard-line crackdown on students
2. Iran/KRSI: Leading Cleric condemning the dictatorship in Iran...
3. Iran/AFP: Tehran violence marks political crossroads for moderates,
conservatives
4. Iran/BBC: Tehran students resume protests
5. Iran/AP: Iranians Want Hard-Liners Out
6. Iran/KRSI: Commemoration Notice for the Martyrs of Student Movement
7. Iran/BBC: Iran backs students as crisis grows
8. Iran/CNN: Iranian council fires police chief over dormitory raid
9. Protest Gathering At Tehran University Dormitory
10. Violent Tehran clashes after regime cracks down on
11. Students Say Will Stage Sit-In In Front Of Tehran
12. Ministry Says Dormitory Incident May Turn Into Nat
13. Iranians Want Hard-Liners Out
14. More Tehran student demonstrations after day of bl
15. Iran education minister resigns after police viole
16. Deputy Minister Comments On University Unrest
17. Iran's Khatami faces worst crisis of his tenure

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 13:12:02 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/CNN: Resignations, protests mark hard-line crackdown on students

Resignations, protests mark hard-line crackdown on students

Students protest in Tehran on Saturday

July 10, 1999
Web posted at: 11:37 a.m. EDT (1537 GMT)


From staff and wire reports
TEHRAN, Iran (CNN) -- Top Iranian officials resigned their posts while
thousands of students took to the streets Saturday to protest a violent
police raid on a university hostel.

Reporters on the scene said the protest calmed after the withdrawal of
police, who joined Islamic hard-liners in a Friday crackdown on Tehran
University students protesting a ban on a reformist newspaper.

Higher education minister Mustafa Moin and the university's chancellor,
Mehdi Khalili Araqi, both quit in protest of the police action. Moin took
responsibility for failing to prevent the "tragic incident."

Other ministers and top university officials are also reported to have given
up their jobs.

At least 20 students were seriously injured and 120 other were arrested
during the raid. The students said that seven of their number were killed.

"They have declared war on the universities," a student spokesman said. "We
will resort to legal measures to fight them. If that does not work, we will
take up revolutionary struggle."

The unrest shed new light on the split between Iran's ruling reformists,
headed by President Mohammed Khatami, and conservative Islamic leaders. But
representatives of Iran's Supreme Leader, the Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, said
the country's spiritual leader backed the students.

Khatami and his supporters used the incident to press for more control over
the interior ministry and police.

Protests have also begun to spring up in other cities around Iran.

The government said the raid on the dormitory was not authorized by the
Interior Ministry, which is supposed to oversee the police force. The force
is headed by a known hard-liner, Hedayat Lotfian.

Students called for Loftian's resignation, but instead got the resignation
of a deputy commander who complained he had not been consulted about the
raid.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 13:22:37 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/KRSI: Leading Cleric condemning the dictatorship in Iran...

July 10th 1999
11:00 AM US/PST
KRSI (Radio Voice of Iran)

Leading Cleric condemning the dictatorship.

In a live interview with Radio Iran of Los Angeles (KRSI), Ayatollah Ghomi a
prominent Shi-a cleric
has condemn the dictatorship in Iran and requested from the Islamic
president (Mohammad Khatami and
one of his family members and close friends) to resign or to stop the
repression of the Iranian People.

Ayatollah Ghomi warned the Islamic dignitaries that they need to respect the
wishes of the Iranian People or to face their legitimate open rebellion.

" The time has come that the Iranian People will become the master of its
destiny by the smooth or the hard way and I'm sure that they'll reach their
wishes" !

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 13:46:33 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/AFP: Tehran violence marks political crossroads for moderates,
conservatives

Tehran violence marks political crossroads for moderates, conservatives

TEHRAN, July 10 (AFP)

Bloody violence between Iranian students and security forces that reportedly
left three people dead has drawn moderate President Mohammad Khatami into
his biggest crisis since taking office.

Khatami convened an emergency meeting of national security chiefs Saturday
to address the crisis, sparked by a day of violence Friday when student
protests over a clampdown on press freedom ended in bloodshed.

Since his 1997 election the moderate Khatami has promoted an aggressive,
pro-reform agenda that always risked provoking a showdown between young
people eager for change and law-and-order forces ready to clamp down on the
slightest stirrings of unrest.

Students have been among Khatami's strongest supporters but have felt a
growing frustration as conservatives and hardliners in the Islamic regime
have systemtaically tried to block his reform agenda.

The Khatami government sent top officials, including Interior Minister
Abdol-Vahed Mussavi-Lari, to the university Friday in a bid to calm the
situation but their efforts were for nought.

The state-run IRNA news agency reported that protestors threw stones from
the roofs of nearby buildings during Mussavi-Lari's visit and demanded a
personal appearance from Khatami to resolve the dispute.

Recent months have seen an upsurge in the number of student protests,
suggesting perhaps that Iran has reached a crossroads at which a direct
showdown between reformist and reactionary forces could no longer be
avoided.

Khatami has given some of his most vibrant public speeches before large
crowds of students, repeatedly underlining the need for democratic reforms
in the Islamic republic.

But the increased prominence of students in Iranian political life has made
them the target of hardline security forces as well as Islamic
fundamentalist militants opposed to the president's calls for reform.

The newest clashes also suggest there may be less direct control than
thought over the security forces, who are ultimately responsible to the
Isalmic republic's supreme spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Even Khamenei's personal representatives to the nation's universities backed
the students on Saturday, joining a chorus of condemnation over the actions
of the police, whom one student told AFP had "beaten us like lunatics."

In a statement quoted by IRNA, Khamenei's university representatives council
lashed out at "members of law enforcement forces and irresponsible elements"
for causing the bloodshed.

"The sanctity of the universities (has) been violated by such acts taken by
the police force and suspicious elements," it said, calling on students to
"neutralize the attempts made by the enemies to create obstacles in the way
of President Khatami's programs in the field of political and cultural
development."

The police were quick to defend their actions in a statement Saturday,
saying they were only performing their "legal duty."

But Higher Education Minister Mostafa Moin, a reformist and close ally of
Khatami, handed in his resignation just hours after his ministry issued an
outspoken statement calling the incident unacceptable.

Moderate Iranian newspapers hinted Saturday that the episode, first sparked
over the closure of a pro-Khatami daily, marked a new era in the political
life of the nation.

The English-language Iran News said the violence "spoke of a critical
situation in the country's political developments, indicating the people's
support for freedom of the press."

It blasted conservative papers it said were examining the matter through
"factional-colored glasses," adding that the student actions had been "hasty
but nevertheless natural."

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 13:50:28 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/BBC: Tehran students resume protests

World: Middle East
Tehran students resume protests

Students were demonstrating against alleged police brutality

Students in the Iranian capital have been returning to the streets calling
for the release of protesters and the dismissal of the police chief.

The students called a brief suspension of protests while President Muhammad
Khatami chaired a meeting of the national security council to discuss the
country's most serious civil disturbances for many years.

More than 5,000 students gathered near Tehran University on Saturday morning
to protest against police measures on Friday to end a demonstration for
press freedom at a university hostel.

The demonstration was orderly but protesters were extremely angry about the
treatment of their colleagues and shouted slogans challenging Iran's supreme
leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamanei to make a stand on the behaviour of the
security forces.

Several people were reported to have been wounded when protesters clashed
with supporters of Iran's hardline religious establishment on the fringes of
Saturday's demonstration.

The Minister of Higher Education, Mostafa Moin, and the Chancellor of Tehran
University have both resigned, saying the action of the security men was
unacceptable.

Students also gathered in cities across Iran, the Iranian news agency Irna
reported. There were rallies in Rasht, Tabriz and Gilan,

The BBC's Middle East Correspondent, Jim Muir, says what began as a small
protest has grown into a major national crisis.

At least three students were reported to have been killed on Friday night
when police stormed the hostel where demonstrations began the previous day
against new press laws and the closure of the leading pro-reform newspaper
Salam.

Protesters want Supreme Leader Khamanei to take responsibility

The education ministry says security forces entered Tehran University
without authorisation and beat up "innocent students" at midnight on Friday
just as their protest was coming to an end.

"I consider this incident a suspicious measure with an aim to turn the
society into turmoil and to sabotage the trend of political development," Mr
Moin said in his letter of resignation to President Khatami.

Mr Moin's ministry issued strongly-worded statement on Friday warning that
the violence at the dormitory could turn into a national crisis.

The statement accused the police of beating and insulting the students at
the dormitory, breaking down doors, destroying public and private property,
and setting on fire one of the rooms in which a copy of the Quran was burnt.

Jim Muir reports that the student protests have snowballed into a major
crisis

"This incident cannot be analysed in simple terms or accepted that it was
not part of a calculated plan with the motive of plunging the country into
crisis by a number of wilful forces," the ministry statement said.

The police blamed the students for the outbreak of violence at the dormitory

Reformers v reactionaries

Observers say the new press curbs, which led to the closure of Salam, are
part of a protracted struggle between President Khatami and hardline
religious conservatives.

The emergence of an outspoken free press is at the heart Mr Khatami's reform
programme. But the conservative-dominated parliament has fought back in the
courts using tough new press laws.

Ayatollah Khamanei, who is supreme leader of the Islamic revolutionary
state, is identified with the reactionaries but has always avoided comment
on the reform debate.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 13:55:53 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/AP: Iranians Want Hard-Liners Out

July 10, 1999
Iranians Want Hard-Liners Out

Filed at 11:51 a.m. EDT

By The Associated Press

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) -- One day after a violent police raid on a
Tehran University dormitory, thousands of demonstrators protested outside
the school Saturday, demanding the resignation of powerful hard-liners in
the Islamic government.

The protest and others that erupted Saturday around Iran were sharply
reminiscent of scenes from the Islamic Revolution of the late 1970s that
forced out the U.S.-backed shah and brought Islamic rulers to power. This
time, however, the demonstrators were demanding democracy.

``Death to despotism, death to dictators,'' chanted the protesters in
Tehran, according to witnesses who spoke on condition of anonymity by
telephone. They said about 10,000 people were gathered.

And in a demand that would at any other time have resulted in severe
punishment, protesters shouted: ``Khamenei must quit,'' referring to supreme
leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, witnesses said.

According to the official Islamic Republic News Agency, monitored in Dubai,
about 1,000 university students converged in the northern city of Gilan.
Protesters also gathered in the northwestern city of Tabriz, IRNA said.

The developments are the most serious outcome of a strident power struggle
between Khamenei's hard-line clergymen and allies of reformist President
Mohammad Khatami, who wants to give more political freedom to Iranians.

Saturday's protests were provoked by a violent and unauthorized police raid
on a Tehran University dormitory Friday, apparently with the backing of the
hard-liners. At least 20 people were hospitalized and 125 students were
arrested.

Iran's Higher Education Minister Mostafa Moin, a reformist, handed in his
resignation Saturday to protest the raid. The assault took place after about
200 students demonstrated against an anti-press law and the banning of a
reformist newspaper.

In his resignation letter to Khatami, Moin said the ``tragic incident ... is
not acceptable under any basis,'' IRNA said.

In a small victory for reformers, Khamenei's representative issued a
statement Saturday saying the dorm attack ``has hurt the heart'' of Iran's
supreme leader and other ranking officials.

The statement ``strongly condemned'' the acts of several members of the
police force, and expressed sympathy for the injured, IRNA said.

The police moved in before dawn Friday after hard-line activists began
throwing stones at the student protesters. Officers entered the dorm without
permission, assaulted the students, broke doors, set fire to one of the
rooms and even fired gunshots, the Higher Education Ministry said in a
statement.

``In this bitter incident ... decencies were ignored and respect
disregarded,'' the ministry said and apologized to all students and academic
officials.

Outraged students and other supporters quickly began gathering outside the
dormitory and by Saturday morning a growing crowd had moved outside the main
gate of the university a few miles away.

While the demonstrators apparently have the hugely popular president on
their side, Khatami has little power over key institutions like the armed
forces, police, judiciary, the Intelligence Ministry and the radio and
television networks.

These are accountable to Khamenei, the unelected supreme leader. He has long
been considered beyond reproach and anti-Khamenei slogans at the rally
reflect the level of frustration among Iranians.

The protesters also demanded the resignation of the hard-line police chief,
Hedayat Lotfian.

Most protesters were students, but there were many others including women
and children, the witnesses said.

The rally blocked off large parts of Enqelab -- the Persian word for
Revolution -- Avenue, said witnesses and journalists.

It was on that same street where the demonstrations began which snowballed
into the Islamic Revolution in the 1970s, eventually toppling the shah in
1979 and bringing the Islamic government to power.

``This was exactly like the revolution,'' said one man at the rally where
several supporters of hard-liners were badly beaten.

IRNA said Khatami chaired an emergency meeting of top security officials to
decide a response to the unrest.

On Friday, deputy Interior Minister Mostafa Tajzadeh also denounced the
attack on the dormitory and demanded that his ministry be given full control
of the police forces.

Most newspapers published front page news and photos of Friday's dorm
protest, but the hard-line controlled radio led its news broadcast with the
visit of a Cuban official.

Iranian television limited its coverage to a few shots of damaged windows at
one university dorm.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 14:09:25 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/KRSI: Commemoration Notice for the Martyrs of Student Movement

July 10th 1999
KRSI (Voice of Iran)

The Iranians of Southern California (USA) have organized a gathering in
order to support the
Student Movement in Iran and to mark the commemoration of the martyrdom of
several Iranian
citizens killed by the repressive forces of the Islamic republic in the Amir
Abad events.

The meeting is planned for Thursday 7/15/1999 at from 05:00 PM till 07:00
P.M. in Westwood Street
of Los Angeles.

The communiqué is finishing by the following words:

" The time has come that all the Iranians by putting aside their ideological
differences shall show
their support of the students facing the forces of repression.

The Iranian People will not forget those who let their lives for the goals
of the
majority of us..."

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 14:53:05 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/BBC: Iran backs students as crisis grows

Saturday, July 10, 1999 Published at 08:18 GMT 09:18 UK
World: Middle East

Iran backs students as crisis grows

Students were demonstrating against alleged police brutality

Iran's Supreme National Security Council has condemned police action on
Thursday against students who held a protest in support of press freedom.

The police attacks have led to an escalating political crisis, with students
at Teheran University taking to the streets for a third consecutive day.

"The unfortunate incident is totally unacceptable and unforgivable," a
statement from the Supreme National Security Council said, following an
emergency meeting chaired by President Mohammed Khatami.


The Council met all the students' demands "The Council condemns the
incident and expresses its sympathies with the students and those people who
have been injured," it went on.

At least three students were reported to have been killed on Friday night,
when police stormed a hostel where demonstrations had begun the previous day
against new press laws and the closure of the leading pro-reform newspaper,
Salam.

The council said the police official who ordered the attacks would be
dismissed and prosecuted, while students arrested during the police action
would be released.

More than 5,000 students gathered near Tehran University on Saturday morning
to protest against police measures on Friday to end a demonstration for
press freedom at a university hostel.

The demonstration was orderly, but protesters were extremely angry about the
treatment of their colleagues and shouted slogans challenging Iran's supreme
leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, to make a stand on the behaviour of the
security forces.

Several people were reported to have been wounded when protesters clashed
with supporters of Iran's hardline religious establishment on the fringes of
Saturday's demonstration.

The Minister of Higher Education, Mostafa Moin, and the Chancellor of Tehran
University have both resigned, saying the action of the security men was
unacceptable.

It is not yet clear, however, whether the resignations have been accepted.

Students also gathered in cities across Iran, the Iranian news agency Irna
reported. There were rallies in Rasht, Tabriz and Gilan.

The BBC's Middle East Correspondent, Jim Muir, says what began as a small
protest has grown into a major national crisis.

Protesters want Supreme Leader Khamanei to take responsibility

The education ministry says security forces entered Tehran University
without authorisation and beat up "innocent students" at midnight on Friday
just as their protest was coming to an end.

"I consider this incident a suspicious measure with an aim to turn the
society into turmoil and to sabotage the trend of political development," Mr
Moin said in his letter of resignation to President Khatami.

Mr Moin's ministry issued a strongly-worded statement on Friday warning that
the violence at the dormitory could turn into a national crisis.

The statement accused the police of beating and insulting the students at
the dormitory, breaking down doors, destroying public and private property,
and setting on fire one of the rooms in which a copy of the Koran was burnt.

"This incident cannot be analysed in simple terms or accepted that it was
not part of a calculated plan with the motive of plunging the country into
crisis by a number of wilful forces," the ministry statement said.

The police blamed the students for the outbreak of violence at the dormitory

Observers say the new press curbs, which led to the closure of Salam, are
part of a protracted struggle between President Khatami and hardline
religious conservatives.

The emergence of an outspoken free press is at the heart Mr Khatami's reform
programme. But the conservative-dominated parliament has fought back in the
courts using tough new press laws.

Ayatollah Khamenei, who is supreme leader of the Islamic revolutionary
state, is identified with the reactionaries but has always avoided comment
on the reform debate.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 15:46:43 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/CNN: Iranian council fires police chief over dormitory raid

Iranian council fires police chief over dormitory raid

Students protest in Tehran on Saturday

July 10, 1999
Web posted at: 4:11 p.m. EDT (2011 GMT)


TEHRAN, Iran (CNN)

Iran's Supreme National Security council has fired the police official who
ordered police to crack down on niversity students demonstrating against the
ban on a student newspaper, state television reported Saturday.

The council was convened by President Mohammed Khatami, and its statement
did not mention the official's name. But student demonstrators have called
for the resignation of Hedayat Loftian, an Islamic hard-liner who heads the
police force.

While the council met, thousands of Iranian students took to the streets to
protest Friday's violent attack by police and Islamic hard-liners on a
Tehran University dormitory. The students had been protesting the ban on a
reformist newspaper supportive of Khatami.

Higher education minister Mustafa Moin and the university's chancellor,
Mehdi Khalili Araqi, both quit in protest of the police action. Moin took
responsibility for failing to prevent the "tragic incident."

Other ministers and top university officials are also reported to have given
up their jobs.

At least 20 students were seriously injured and 120 other were arrested
during the raid. The students said that seven of their number were killed.

"They have declared war on the universities," a Tehran University student
spokesman said. "We will resort to legal measures to fight them. If that
does not work, we will take up revolutionary struggle."

The unrest shed new light on the split between Iran's ruling reformists,
headed by Khatami, and conservative Islamic leaders. But representatives of
Iran's Supreme Leader, the Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, said the country's
spiritual leader backed the students.

Khatami and his supporters used the incident to press for more control over
the interior ministry and police.

Protests have also begun to spring up in other cities around Iran.

The government said the raid on the dormitory was not authorized by the
Interior Ministry, which is supposed to oversee the police force.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999 00:26:18 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Protest Gathering At Tehran University Dormitory

Protest Gathering At Tehran University Dormitory
================================================


thr 008
salam-students
protest gathering at tehran university dormitory
tehran, july 9, irna -- about 200 students at tehran university
dormitory on thursday night staged a brief rally outside of the dorm
protesting majlis's approval of the preamble to the press bill
thursday, and also the ban on the persian daily 'salam'.
spokesman to the interior ministry baha'eddin sheikholeslam said
friday that the students had marched towards jalal-al-ahmad freeway
shouting slogans. he said they then returned to their dorm but while
the premises they were shortly after attacked by plainclothes men who
hurled stones at them.
he said the law and order force entered the scene of the encounter
without informing the interior ministry of the incident and arrested a
number of the students at the dorm.
the interior ministry official said after the incident the
security council of tehran province convened and it was agreed that
all arrested students except for the organizers of the rally be
freed.
he said a number of students and law enforcement officers had been
injured in the scuffle and committed to a nearby hospital.
the public ban on the persian daily 'salam' was lifted thursday.
the ban, at the complaint of the information ministry of iran, was due
to the paper's printing of an information ministry document that the
ministry had said to have been classified document.
hr/hm
end
::irna 09/07/99 16:32

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999 00:26:30 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Violent Tehran clashes after regime cracks down on

Violent Tehran clashes after regime cracks down on moderate press
=================================================================


Yahoo World 11:15 PM GMT+8, Friday July 9

Violent Tehran clashes after regime cracks down on moderate press
TEHRAN, July 9 (AFP) - Violent clashes erupted in Tehran on Friday
between Iranian security forces and students protesting tough new
press restrictions, leaving a number of people injured, according to
the official IRNA news agency.
Security forces closed
down the Amirabad campus of Tehran university
after the clashes, which IRNA said took place when police attempted
to "intervene" in the protest.

But an Iranian journalist who was able to enter the campus before it
was blocked off said dormitories had been burned, windows broken and
several cars and motorcycles destroyed in the clashes.

"Students who were asleep barely had enough time to gather a few
possessions and get out," the journalist told AFP.

An information ministry spokesman quoted by IRNA said "a number of
students and law enforcement officials were injured in the scuffles
and taken to a nearby hospital."

He said a number of students had been arrested but that all but the
rally's organisers would be freed later.

The spokesman said security forces had converged on the rally of
about 500 "without coordinating with the interior ministry."

IRNA said protesters had also been attacked by people in "plain
clothes," indicating that they may have been Islamic fundamentalists
who regularly try to interrupt demonstrations by liberal students.

The demonstration began at the northern Tehran campus late Thursday,
one day after a leading moderate newspaper was closed down and the
Iranian parliament approved new legislation aimed at curbing the
nation's press.

(Iran's main armed opposition movement, the People's Mujahedeen, said
in a statement received in Nicosia that several people were killed,
1,000 people wounded and another 1,000 arrested in the clashes.

(It said Revolutionary Guards armed with assault rifles and
truncheons "savagely beat up" protesters and that unnamed "thugs"
threw other students out of dormitory windows, leaving "seven or
eight" dead.)

The Salam newspaper, a strong backer of moderate President Mohammad
Khatami headed by one of the leaders of the 1979 hostage-taking at
the US embassy in Tehran, was ordered closed Wednesday by a special
clerical court.

The order came following a complaint from Iran's powerful
intelligence ministry over a Salam article suggesting that a tough
new press law, a draft version of which was approved by parliament
Wednesday, had been inspired by disgraced former intelligence
official Said Emami.

The ministry withdrew the complaint late Thursday, saying it wanted
"to prevent provocative developments" and "unnecessary tension in the
political atmosphere."

IRNA reported the ban has been lifted but Salam employees told AFP
they did not know when the paper would re-appear on newsstands.

The bill aims at strengthening the role of harsh revolutionary courts
in handling press offences and would for the first time hold
individual journalists responsible for violations of the law along
with editors-in-chief.

It would also deny press accreditation to any "counter-revolutionary
group or anyone not officially authorised" by the Islamic regime.

On Friday, two leading Iranian clerics gave their support to the
proposed new legislation, which still faces detailed debate by
parliament before becoming law.

"Certain members of the press want to use legal freedoms to serve
their own ends," said Ayatollah Ali Meshkini, head of the powerful
Assembly of Experts, which designates the Islamic republic's supreme
leader.

Meanwhile at Friday prayers on Tehran university's main campus,
Ayatollah Ahmad Janati said: "Freedom of speech and writing exist,
but not freedom of conspiracy. Freedom does not mean that one can
strike against our values."

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999 00:26:44 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Students Say Will Stage Sit-In In Front Of Tehran

Students Say Will Stage Sit-In In Front Of Tehran University
============================================================

thr 021
students-gathering
students say will stage sit-in in front of tehran university
tehran, july 10, irna -- hundreds of students have gathered in front
of the tehran university in protest to the violent clashes that
broke out at their main dormitory in northwestern district of kargar
shomali avenue on thursday and friday. as
a result of clashes
between the students and police force extensive damage was inflicted
n the dormitory and dozens of students were injured and many others
arrested.
the clashes occurred after a group of students staged a
demonstration against the closure of the daily salaam by the special
clerics court as well as the approval by the majlis of a motion to
amend the press law. the protesting students believed that the press
law amendment would restrict the freedom of press in iran.
although the peaceful demonstration by the students did not
have the prior permission of the interior ministry, the intervention
of the police force also was not coordinated with the ministry.
despite mediation efforts by a number of ministers, including
the interior minister hojj. abdolvahed musavi lari, the unrest which
had started on thursday night continued until friday night. the
students wanted to meet with president mohammad khatami and inform
him of their demands.
the minister of culture and higher education mostafa moin
resigned saturday morning in protest to the intervention of the
police force and in support of the students.
the students who have staged a sit-in in front of the university
say they will continue their strike until the release of all the
arrested students.
according to some placards carried by the students, they are from
the universities of tehran, sharif, amir kabir and beheshti.
the gathering was called by the islamic associations of tehran
and medical sciences universities to protest the tragic incidents at
the kargar shomali dormitory.
the police has closed the streets near the tehran university to
traffic and the law enforcement forces are watching the
demonstration.
according to irna reporters, minor clashes occurred between the
students and counter-demonstrators in front of the tehran university
and at a nearby street saturday morning but no one was injured.
those in charge of the protesting students' security urge them to
avoid clashes.
ks/ks
end
::irna 10/07/99 13:59

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999 00:26:34 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Ministry Says Dormitory Incident May Turn Into Nat

Ministry Says Dormitory Incident May Turn Into National Crisis
==============================================================

thr 020
students-higher education ministry
ministry says dormitory incident may turn into national crisis
tehran, july 9, irna -- the culture and higher education ministry on
friday night issued a statement concerning the clashes at the tehran
university dormitory in kargar-e shomali avenue which broke out
thursday night and continued friday.
the statement said that a rally held by a number of students at
the dormitory campus and in front of it on thursday night was
about to end after talks with the management of the university but
unfortunately turned to a bitter and regrettable incident due to the
violent intervention of law enforcement forces, the occurrence of
which can never be accepted in the islamic and revolutionary system.
"in this bitter incident, which was unprecedented in its kind,
decencies were ignored and respects disregarded, the compensation
of which would not be possible so easily," said the statement.
"beating and injuring tens of students and arresting several
hundreds of others and insulting them, entering the dormitory's
campus without prior permission and coordination with responsible
officials, entering the buildings, breaking the doors and destroying
public and private properties and even setting on fire one of the
rooms which resulted in the burning of a copy of the holy quran,
entering the building belonging to foreign students, beating them and
destroying their properties and insulting the officials of the
university who were present in the scene to calm down the crisis, and
ultimately firing gunshots, disturbed the security and prestige of the
students and academics and prepared the ground for a national crisis.
therefore, this incident cannot be analyzed in simple terms or
accepted that it was not part of a calculated plan with the motive of
plunging the country into crisis by a number of willful forces."
ys/ks
more
::irna 09/07/99 23:32

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999 00:26:50 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iranians Want Hard-Liners Out

Iranians Want Hard-Liners Out
=============================


Iranians Want Hard-Liners Out
By Anwar Faruqi
Associated Press Writer
Saturday, July 10, 1999; 11:51 a.m. EDT

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) -- One day after a violent police
raid on a Tehran University dormitory, thousands of demonstrators
protested outside the school Saturday, demanding the resignation of
powerful hard-liners in the Islamic government.

The protest and others that erupted Saturday around Iran were sharply
reminiscent of scenes from the Islamic Revolution of the late 1970s
that forced out the U.S.-backed shah and brought Islamic rulers to
power. This time, however, the demonstrators were demanding
democracy.

``Death to despotism, death to dictators,'' chanted the protesters in
Tehran, according to witnesses who spoke on condition of anonymity by
telephone. They said about 10,000 people were gathered.

And in a demand that would at any other time have resulted in severe
punishment, protesters shouted: ``Khamenei must quit,'' referring to
supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, witnesses said.

According to the official Islamic Republic News Agency, monitored in
Dubai, about 1,000 university students converged in the northern city
of Gilan. Protesters also gathered in the northwestern city of
Tabriz, IRNA said.

The developments are the most serious outcome of a strident power
struggle between Khamenei's hard-line clergymen and allies of
reformist President Mohammad Khatami, who wants to give more
political freedom to Iranians.

Saturday's protests were provoked by a violent and unauthorized
police raid on a Tehran University dormitory Friday, apparently with
the backing of the hard-liners. At least 20 people were hospitalized
and 125 students were arrested.

Iran's Higher Education Minister Mostafa Moin, a reformist, handed in
his resignation Saturday to protest the raid. The assault took place
after about 200 students demonstrated against an anti-press law and
the banning of a reformist newspaper.

In his resignation letter to Khatami, Moin said the ``tragic incident
... is not acceptable under any basis,'' IRNA said.

In a small victory for reformers, Khamenei's representative issued a
statement Saturday saying the dorm attack ``has hurt the heart'' of
Iran's supreme leader and other ranking officials.

The statement ``strongly condemned'' the acts of several members of
the police force, and expressed sympathy for the injured, IRNA said.

The police moved in before dawn Friday after hard-line activists
began throwing stones at the student protesters. Officers entered the
dorm without permission, assaulted the students, broke doors, set
fire to one of the rooms and even fired gunshots, the Higher
Education Ministry said in a statement.

``In this bitter incident ... decencies were ignored and respect
disregarded,'' the ministry said and apologized to all students and
academic officials.

Outraged students and other supporters quickly began gathering
outside the dormitory and by Saturday morning a growing crowd had
moved outside the main gate of the university a few miles away.

While the demonstrators apparently have the hugely popular president
on their side, Khatami has little power over key institutions like
the armed forces, police, judiciary, the Intelligence Ministry and
the radio and television networks.

These are accountable to Khamenei, the unelected supreme leader. He
has long been considered beyond reproach and anti-Khamenei slogans at
the rally reflect the level of frustration among Iranians.

The protesters also demanded the resignation of the hard-line police
chief, Hedayat Lotfian.

Most protesters were students, but there were many others including
women and children, the witnesses said.

The rally blocked off large parts of Enqelab -- the Persian word for
Revolution -- Avenue, said witnesses and journalists.

It was on that same street where the demonstrations began which
snowballed into the Islamic Revolution in the 1970s, eventually
toppling the shah in 1979 and bringing the Islamic government to
power.

``This was exactly like the revolution,'' said one man at the rally
where several supporters of hard-liners were badly beaten.

IRNA said Khatami chaired an emergency meeting of top security
officials to decide a response to the unrest.

On Friday, deputy Interior Minister Mostafa Tajzadeh also denounced
the attack on the dormitory and demanded that his ministry be given
full control of the police forces.

Most newspapers published front page news and photos of Friday's dorm
protest, but the hard-line controlled radio led its news broadcast
with the visit of a Cuban official.
Iranian television limited its coverage to a few shots of damaged
windows at one university dorm.


© Copyright 1999 The Associated Press

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999 00:27:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: More Tehran student demonstrations after day of bl

More Tehran student demonstrations after day of bloodshed
=========================================================


Yahoo World 6:54 PM GMT+8, Saturday July 10

More Tehran student demonstrations after day of bloodshed
TEHRAN, July 10 (AFP) - Sev
eral thousand students demonstrated at
Tehran university again Saturday after protests over new curbs to
press freedom erupted in violent clashes with security forces which
reportedly left three people dead.
The protestors, who waved a blood-stained shirt and chanted "Students
stand up, your brother was killed" and "Shame on the police," refused
to leave until those arrested in Friday's clashes were released.

The official IRNA news agency said late Friday all those arrested
would be released, after reporting earlier that those responsible for
organising the demonstrations would not be freed.

The new protests began early Saturday as several hundred students
from Tehran university's riot-torn Amirabad campus were joined by
thousands of others from across the capital.

Witnesses said there were some brief scuffles with security forces
but that no one had been injured.

The Tehran police, whom witnesses said have closed down large
sections of the capital, insisted in a statement Saturday they had
only been carrying out their "legal duty" by cracking down on the
"illegal gathering" of student demonstrators.

But one student told AFP police forces had "beaten us like lunatics."

Newspaper reports Saturday said three students had died in Friday's
bloody fighting, following protests over the closure of a leading
pro-reform newspaper and proposed legislation to clamp down further
on the reformist press.

Higher Education Minister Mostafa Moin, politically close to the
moderate President Mohammad Khatami, tendered his resignation just
hours after his ministry released an outspoken statement denouncing
the police action.

"The tragic incident of the security forces entering Tehran
university campus and their beating up of innocent students at
midnight on Friday ... is not acceptable under any basis," Moin said.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999 00:27:06 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran education minister resigns after police viole

Iran education minister resigns after police violence on students
=================================================================


More than 20 students were seriously injured, some 100 were arrested
during the raid
July 10, 1999
Web posted at: 5:37 AM EDT (0937 GMT)


DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) -- Iran's higher education minister
has submitted his resignation to protest a violent police raid on a
students' hostel, Iran's official news agency reported Saturday.

In his letter to President Mohammad Khatami, minister Mostafa Moin
said the "tragic incident" of the security forces entering a Tehran
University dormitory Friday "is not acceptable under any basis and
expediency," the Islamic Republic News Agency said. It was monitored
in Dubai.

At least 20 students were seriously injured and some 120 others were
arrested during the raid, which followed a demonstration by students
protesting a new anti-press law and the banning of a leftist
newspaper. The demonstration was followed by fighting between the
students and activists who support the newspaper ban and the new law.

The minister's resignation, which followed the Interior Ministry's
criticism of the police action, showed the deepening split in Iran's
clerical government between Khatami-led reformists and the
conservatives who control the judiciary and the police.

Moin said in his resignation letter that the police raid was carried
out with "an aim to turn the society into turmoil and to sabotage the
trend of the political development and undermine the Islamic
republic," IRNA said.

It was not known if Khatami had accepted the resignation.

Moin said he was resigning because he had failed to prevent the
unrest because he was concerned about the "innocence .. of the
children of the nation and their worrying families."

His letter also spoke of the "unpleasant consequences of these
violent and seditious breaches of law."

On Friday, his ministry warned that the violence at the university
hostel could turn into a national crisis.

The Interior Ministry, which also criticized the police raid, said
all the students detained at the hostel were to be released.

The trouble started on Thursday night when about 200 students took
part in a demonstration to protest the brief banning of Salam
newspaper, which has backed Khatami in his tussle with hard-liners in
the clergy.

After the students returned to their dormitory they were attacked by
hard-line activists who hurled stones and broke the windows of
buildings and cars. The police moved in before dawn on Friday.

In its statement Friday, the Higher Education Ministry accused the
police of assaulting students, entering the hostel without
permission, "breaking the doors and destroying public and private
properties and even setting on fire one of the rooms which resulted
in the burning of a copy of the holy Koran ... and ultimately firing
gunshots."

By Friday evening a crowd of more than 1,000 students and civilians,
watched by hundreds of policemen, gathered outside the hostel.

"In this bitter incident ... decencies were ignored and respect
disregarded," the ministry said and apologized to all students and
academics.

It was a rare accusation by one government ministry against another
government department, reflecting the depth of the crisis between the
two factions in the government. The commander of the national police
is a known hard-liner.

While the ban on Salam newspaper was lifted on Thursday, anger was
still simmering among the students especially as it came on the heels
of Iran's hard-line majority Parliament pushed through a law that
seeks to hold journalists directly responsible for what they write.

Copyright 1999 The Associated Press.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999 00:27:12 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Deputy Minister Comments On University Unrest

Deputy Minister Comments On University Unrest
=============================================


thr 052
unrest-official
deputy minister comments on university unrest
tehran, july 10, irna -- a deputy minister who was an eyewitness to
clashes in the dormitory of tehran university said the officials
on friday morning had managed to persuade the students to withdraw
from the street and go inside the campus.
speaking to irna on condition of anonymity, he said after the
clashes a number of officials including vice-president, ministers of
health and medical education, and of culture and higher education,
deputy minister of information and a number of majlis deputies had
come to the university to calm down the students.
the students at first expressed distrust in them but the officials
after delivering speeches managed to build confidence with the
students, he said.
according to the deputy minister, presence of the deputy interior
minister, mostafa tajzadeh, helped students cool down as he ensured
them that the issue will be followed up and investigated.
the officials further assured the students that there would be no
more attacks and this persuaded the students to leave the street and
go back to tehran university dormitory, he said.
the officials held direct talks with them, he said adding the
students called for guarantees for their security against the law
enforcement forces and ansar-e hezbollah group.
the main question raised by the students was that who led ansar-e
hezbollah and why they should appear side by side with the law
enforcement forces.
he further said on friday morning students realized that it was
better to elect some students from among themselves to follow up and
control the situation.
the students had become very angry with the insult to their
families by ansar-e hezbollah.
according to the deputy minister, masha'llah shams-ul vaezine (a
reformist newspaper writer) who also attended the scene helped the
students cool down.
he said member of parliament from tehran majid ansari also talked
to the students and promised them that he would ask for an
extraordinary meeting of the parliament to study the case.
asked about the number of casualties and possible death, he said
there has been no authentic information about casualties until
saturday morning but rumors indicate that there might be five or six
deaths.
according to the eyewitness one of those who opened fire on the
students was in plain clothes holding a hand-gun.
the manager of the dormitory dr. kohi was another person who
his friendly speech with the students helped them calm down, he said.
he said the reason behind the incident which lasted for 36 hours
was that the students could not trust the promises made by the
interior minister and his deputy for security affairs, tajzadeh.
the clashes occurred after a group of students staged a
demonstration in protest at the closure of the daily salaam by the
special clerics court as well as the approval by the majlis of a
motion to amend the press law. the protesting students believed that
the press law amendment would restrict the freedom of press in iran.
as a result of clashes between the students and police force
extensive damage was inflicted on the dormitory.
the unrest which started on thursday night continued until friday
night.
sd/ss/rr
end
::irna 10/07/99 18:20

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999 00:27:18 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: Iran's Khatami faces worst crisis of his tenure

Iran's Khatami faces worst crisis of his tenure
===============================================


08:35 a.m. Jul 10, 1999 Eastern
By Jonathan Lyons

TEHRAN, July 10 (Reuters) - Moderate President Mohammad Khatami,
facing the worst crisis of his two years in office, summoned Iran's
top security body on Saturday to discuss widening protests that
threaten to swallow up his cautious reforms.

The Supreme National Security Council, chaired by the president, met
as thousands of angry students rallied to demand an end to a
crackdown by police and Islamic vigilantes on peaceful protest in
support of greater freedom of expression.

The meeting comes amid a new radical mood among students, who have
played a leading political role in Iran's history.

``They have declared war on the universities,'' said one student
spokesman. ``We will resort to legal measures to fight them. If that
does not work, we will take up revolutionary struggle.

The crackdown by hardline toughs, abetted by the police, saw dozens
of students injured and hundreds arrested. It also sparked the
resignation of the higher education minister and the university
chancellor in protest at the police, who ran riot through dormitories
in pursuit of students.

More important, it has also widened student demands -- limited at
first to lifting of a ban on a leading pro-Khatami newspaper and the
expansion of press freedoms -- to include calls for deep-seated
reforms and an end to domination by the conservative establishment.

At the gates of Tehran University, students shouted defiance of
security forces and demanded the dismissal of the hardline police
chief, whom they hold responsible for the attacks. They also sought
the resignation of the conservative-led parliament, which earlier
this week voted to tighten limits on the media.

In contrast to similar previous incidents, the Khatami administration
moved swiftly to denounce security forces and to demand that police
be put under the direct control of the interior ministry, rather than
the clerical establishment.

Senior ministers and their aides toured the dormitory complex of
Tehran University, a Khatami stronghold, late on Friday to survey the
damage and to denounce the security forces. Deputy Interior Minister
Mostafa Tajzadeh, a leading reformist, said the time had come to rein
in the police.

``This force has to make up its mind, whether it is under the command
of the interior ministry or not. This has to be clarified, so we know
where we stand,'' he told students.

``With the backing of the people, the government has decided to fight
against these acts of betrayal, such as what took place today.''

President Khatami and his allies have long pressed for authority over
security and police forces, controlled by senior clergy. This comes
amid increasing signs that the patience of many Iranians,
particularly students, with the slow pace of reform is wearing thin
under relentless factional fighting.

The approval earlier this week of tough new restrictions on the media
-- the biggest beneficiary of the Khatami thaw -- and the closing the
next day of the moderate daily Salam supplied the spark for the
latest unrest.

``This is not just about Salam but about freedom in general,'' said
one student near the scene of Friday's bloody clashes. ``We are not
even allowed to breathe.''

The frustrations of many students, some of the most loyal backers of
Khatami's reforms, were reflected in a new-found resolve to fight
back against their hardline attackers. In the latest protests,
students turned on their assailants.

This new militancy also found expression in increasingly radical
slogans and a new boldness against the establishment. On Saturday a
turbanned cleric was booed off the podium as he tried to calm the
crowd.

The new mood on campus has clearly caught the government, including
President Khatami, by surprise. It has underlined just how far he has
to go to meet the enormous expectations created by his 1997 landslide
victory.

Khatami, elected on a platform of broad reforms and the creation of a
civil society within Iran's Islamic system, now faces unprecedented
pressure to end the cronyism, corruption and clerical domination that
has prevailed for much of the period since the 1979 revolution.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 10 Jul 1999 - Special issue
****************************************************