Date: Jul 10, 1999 [ 0: 0: 0]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 8 Jul 1999 to 9 Jul 1999

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There are 11 messages totalling 772 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. students and Salam
2. URGENT: Iran/Heavy clash and casulaties among the students...
3. Subscribe - Hoping this is right address for DNI-Discussion Subscriptions
4. students II
5. students III
6. Iran/AFP: Violent Tehran clashes after regime cracks down on moderate
press
7. Iran/IRNA: Ministry says dormitory incident may turn into national crisis
8. Iran/Reuters: Iran Hard-Liners Attack Students, Dozens Hurt
9. Iran/Int. Herald Tribune: Students in Iran Battle Police Over Press Rights
10. Iran/Amnesty Int.: Fear for safety-Student demonstrators
11. Iran/Liberation (France): Violent clashes at the university of Teheran

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Jul 1999 15:25:30 +0100
From: "a.abdi" <a.abdi@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: students and Salam

thr 008
salam-students
protest gathering at tehran university dormitory
tehran, july 9, irna -- about 200 students at tehran university
dormitory on thursday night staged a brief rally outside of the dorm
protesting majlis's approval of the preamble to the press bill
thursday, and also the ban on the persian daily 'salam'.
spokesman to the interior ministry baha'eddin sheikholeslam said
friday that the students had marched towards jalal-al-ahmad freeway
shouting slogans. he said they then returned to their dorm but while
the premises they were shortly after attacked by plainclothes men who
hurled stones at them.
he said the law and order force entered the scene of the encounter
without informing the interior ministry of the incident and arrested a
number of the students at the dorm.
the interior ministry official said after the incident the
security council of tehran province convened and it was agreed that
all arrested students except for the organizers of the rally be
freed.
he said a number of students and law enforcement officers had been
injured in the scuffle and committed to a nearby hospital.
the public ban on the persian daily 'salam' was lifted thursday.
the ban, at the complaint of the information ministry of iran, was due
to the paper's printing of an information ministry document that the
ministry had said to have been classified document.
hr/hm
end
::irna 09/07/99 16:32

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Jul 1999 12:32:06 -0500
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: URGENT: Iran/Heavy clash and casulaties among the students...

Dear Friends,

Once again, the islamic republic and its so-called Government of Law choosed
to create a bloodshed
by taking the lives of several Iranian Students and arresting hundreds of
other.

Based on confirmed news, early this morning (local Iranian time) the
repressive divisions of the islamic republic and its secret services
attacked a peaceful gathering of the Iranian Students in the Amir Abad
Area (Where are located most of the Students Dorms) and opened fire on them.

First confirmed news are stating of 5 dead among the students and I'm
copying below some of their names.

The security forces have arrested over 200 students along with couple of
Scholars, Teachers and neighboring people coming to protect the students.

They've also opened fire on an Ambulance which was trying to rescue the
wounded students and after that
the doctor refused the orders of the clerical forces to stay out of area.

Witnesses of different sources are confirming the shooting on the ambulance,
the beating and finally the arrest of the doctor, the nurse and the driver
as well as seeing the security forces throwing some students
from the balconies...

Several International Organizations have been notified about these sad
events and are going to issue statements condemning this new clerical
repression.

All Iranians shall in one common voice condemn these actions and let their
captive brothers and sisters know that they're no more alone in their
struggle for the establishment of a
Secular and Democratic Regime in Iran.

Here are some of the Students names killed while responding to their moral
and national duties, lets cherish their memories and bring to an end the
government which has already taken so many lives in its 20 years of
un-legitimate power.

-Na-imi
-Sohrabian
-Yavari
-Zakeri

It seems that the so-called Tehran Spring is now showing its real face and
only a massive protest and the correct organization of all democratic forces
will avoid future bloodshed's.

Please and please to spread this message.

God Bless Iran and its captive People in their Democratic Endeavor...

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Jul 1999 11:20:28 -0700
From: "Alan F. Fogelquist" <eurasia@CONCENTRIC.NET>
Subject: Subscribe - Hoping this is right address for DNI-Discussion
Subscriptions

Subscribe DNI-DISC Alan Fogelquist (Eurasia Research Center)

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Jul 1999 19:28:27 +0100
From: "a.abdi" <a.abdi@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: students II

thr 017
students-lari
interior minister talks to protesting varsity students
tehran, july 9, irna -- interior minister abdulvahed mousavi lari
arrived at the tehran university dormitory at kargar-e shomali
avenue here friday evening.
the minister arrived at the scene of the clashes while a group
of people were hurling stones from rooftop of buildings and law
enforcement forces had cordoned off the area.
another report indicates that ministers of culture and higher
education mustafa moin and of health mohammad farhadi have also
arrived at the dormitory to talk to the students.
a group of university students staged protest demonstrations on
thursday night which are still continuing. they are protesting to
the majlis approval of the outlines of the amendment to the press
law and also the ban on the persian daily 'salam'.
ys/ks
end
::irna 09/07/99 22:00


thr 018
students-government officials
officials talk to protesting students
tehran, july 9, irna -- while a state of chaos prevailed over the
tehran university dormitory at kargar shomali avenue, a number of
senior government officials arrived at the scene to talk to the
protesting students.
a group of university students staged protest demonstrations on
thursday night which are still continuing. they are protesting to
the approval by majlis of the outlines of the amendment to the press
law and also the ban on the persian daily 'salam'.
interior minister abdolvahed mousavi lari, culture and higher
education minister mostafa moin and health minister mohammad farhadi
as well as deputy information minister mohammad shafiee and deputy
interior minister mostafa tajzadeh arrived at the dormitory to
talk to the students.
the students called for president mohammad khatami's presence at
the dormitory.
they also called for establishment of security at the dormitory.
ys/ks
end
::irna 09/07/99 22:34

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Jul 1999 20:46:55 +0100
From: "a.abdi" <a.abdi@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: students III

thr 020
students-higher education ministry
ministry says dormitory incident may turn into national crisis
tehran, july 9, irna -- the culture and higher education ministry on
friday night issued a statement concerning the clashes at the tehran
university dormitory in kargar-e shomali avenue which broke out
thursday night and continued friday.
the statement said that a rally held by a number of students at
the dormitory campus and in front of it on thursday night was
about to end after talks with the management of the university but
unfortunately turned to a bitter and regrettable incident due to the
violent intervention of law enforcement forces, the occurrence of
which can never be accepted in the islamic and revolutionary system.
"in this bitter incident, which was unprecedented in its kind,
decencies were ignored and respects disregarded, the compensation
of which would not be possible so easily," said the statement.
"beating and injuring tens of students and arresting several
hundreds of others and insulting them, entering the dormitory's
campus without prior permission and coordination with responsible
officials, entering the buildings, breaking the doors and destroying
public and private properties and even setting on fire one of the
rooms which resulted in the burning of a copy of the holy quran,
entering the building belonging to foreign students, beating them and
destroying their properties and insulting the officials of the
university who were present in the scene to calm down the crisis, and
ultimately firing gunshots, disturbed the security and prestige of the
students and academics and prepared the ground for a national crisis.
therefore, this incident cannot be analyzed in simple terms or
accepted that it was not part of a calculated plan with the motive of
plunging the country into crisis by a number of willful forces."
ys/ks
more
::irna 09/07/99 23:32


thr 023
students- ministry ... 2 - tehran
willful forces."
the statement added that the wise and pious university students
and academicians who have proven their political and social maturity
in safeguarding the ideals of the islamic republic and the values of
the islamic revolution and whose status and dignity have been praised
by the supreme leader, the president and senior officials of the
country do not deserve such an insulting treatment and it cannot be
accepted that the university environment become the target of such
attacks in the framework of culture of islam and revolution.
the statement added that the culture and higher education
ministry "regrets and is ashamed of this incident and apologizes to
all students and academicians because the university environment
has been insulted."
as per its responsibility, the ministry will strive to prosecu
te
those accountable behind this bitter incident and hopes that such
incidents would never be repeated in universities.
the ministry called on the supreme leader, the president
and all relevant organizations to put an end to this sorrowful
ncident by launching all-out efforts and taking expedient measures.
the ministry also called on the university students and
academicians to preserve self-restraint and patience and not let
opportunist and spiteful elements fan the flames of this incident
nor the plotters and enemies of islam and the revolution upset the
trend of political development in the country any more.
ys/ks
end
::irna 09/07/99 23:57

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Jul 1999 18:38:09 -0500
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/AFP: Violent Tehran clashes after regime cracks down on moderate
press

Violent Tehran clashes after regime cracks down on moderate press

TEHRAN, July 9 (AFP) - Violent clashes erupted in Tehran on Friday between
Iranian security forces and students protesting tough new press
restrictions, leaving a number of people injured, according to the official
IRNA news agency.

Security forces closed down the Amirabad campus of Tehran university after
the clashes, which IRNA said took place when police attempted to "intervene"
in the protest.

But an Iranian journalist who was able to enter the campus before it was
blocked off said dormitories had been burned, windows broken and several
cars and motorcycles destroyed in the clashes.

"Students who were asleep barely had enough time to gather a few possessions
and get out," the journalist told AFP.

An information ministry spokesman quoted by IRNA said "a number of students
and law enforcement officials were injured in the scuffles and taken to a
nearby hospital."

He said a number of students had been arrested but that all but the rally's
organisers would be freed later.

The spokesman said security forces had converged on the rally of about 500
"without coordinating with the interior ministry."

IRNA said protesters had also been attacked by people in "plain clothes,"
indicating that they may have been Islamic fundamentalists who regularly try
to interrupt demonstrations by liberal students.

The demonstration began at the northern Tehran campus late Thursday, one day
after a leading moderate newspaper was closed down and the Iranian
parliament approved new legislation aimed at curbing the nation's press.

(Iran's main armed opposition movement, the People's Mujahedeen, said in a
statement received in Nicosia that several people were killed, 1,000 people
wounded and another 1,000 arrested in the clashes.

(It said Revolutionary Guards armed with assault rifles and truncheons
"savagely beat up" protesters and that unnamed "thugs" threw other students
out of dormitory windows, leaving "seven or eight" dead.)

The Salam newspaper, a strong backer of moderate President Mohammad Khatami
headed by one of the leaders of the 1979 hostage-taking at the US embassy in
Tehran, was ordered closed Wednesday by a special clerical court.

The order came following a complaint from Iran's powerful intelligence
ministry over a Salam article suggesting that a tough new press law, a draft
version of which was approved by parliament Wednesday, had been inspired by
disgraced former intelligence official Said Emami.

The ministry withdrew the complaint late Thursday, saying it wanted "to
prevent provocative developments" and "unnecessary tension in the political
atmosphere."

IRNA reported the ban has been lifted but Salam employees told AFP they did
not know when the paper would re-appear on newsstands.

The bill aims at strengthening the role of harsh revolutionary courts in
handling press offences and would for the first time hold individual
journalists responsible for violations of the law along with
editors-in-chief.

It would also deny press accreditation to any "counter-revolutionary group
or anyone not officially authorised" by the Islamic regime.

On Friday, two leading Iranian clerics gave their support to the proposed
new legislation, which still faces detailed debate by parliament before
becoming law.

"Certain members of the press want to use legal freedoms to serve their own
ends," said Ayatollah Ali Meshkini, head of the powerful Assembly of
Experts, which designates the Islamic republic's supreme leader.

Meanwhile at Friday prayers on Tehran university's main campus, Ayatollah
Ahmad Janati said: "Freedom of speech and writing exist, but not freedom of
conspiracy. Freedom does not mean that one can strike against our values."

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Jul 1999 18:43:11 -0500
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/IRNA: Ministry says dormitory incident may turn into national
crisis

thr 020
students-higher education ministry

ministry says dormitory incident may turn into national crisis
tehran, july 9, irna

the culture and higher education ministry on friday night issued a statement
concerning
the clashes at the tehran university dormitory in kargar-e shomali avenue
which broke out
thursday night and continued friday.

the statement said that a rally held by a number of students at
the dormitory campus and in front of it on thursday night was
about to end after talks with the management of the university but
unfortunately turned to a bitter and regrettable incident due to the
violent intervention of law enforcement forces, the occurrence of
which can never be accepted in the islamic and revolutionary system.

"in this bitter incident, which was unprecedented in its kind,
decencies were ignored and respects disregarded, the compensation
of which would not be possible so easily," said the statement.

"beating and injuring tens of students and arresting several
hundreds of others and insulting them, entering the dormitory's
campus without prior permission and coordination with responsible
officials, entering the buildings, breaking the doors and destroying
public and private properties and even setting on fire one of the
rooms which resulted in the burning of a copy of the holy quran,
entering the building belonging to foreign students, beating them and
destroying their properties and insulting the officials of the
university who were present in the scene to calm down the crisis, and
ultimately firing gunshots, disturbed the security and prestige of the
students and academics and prepared the ground for a national crisis.
therefore, this incident cannot be analyzed in simple terms or
accepted that it was not part of a calculated plan with the motive of
plunging the country into crisis by a number of willful forces."

ys/ks
more
::irna 09/07/99 23:32

------------------------------

Date: Fri, 9 Jul 1999 18:46:03 -0500
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Reuters: Iran Hard-Liners Attack Students, Dozens Hurt

Iran Hard-Liners Attack Students, Dozens Hurt

TEHRAN, Iran (Reuters)

Hard-line vigilantes attacked a student pro-democracy rally with teargas,
sticks and stones, as Iran's ``press wars'' spilled over onto the country's
biggest campus, witnesses said Friday.

Students interviewed at the scene of the clashes at the Tehran University
dormitory complex, which started late Thursday, and at a nearby hospital
said dozens of students were injured and at least one may have been killed.

An ambulance driver at the scene told Reuters he had been told of one death,
but there was no official confirmation.

The witnesses said the attacks began when Islamic hard-liners of the Ansar-e
Hezbollah group broke up a rally demanding the lifting of a ban on the
leading moderate daily Salam, which backs President Mohammad Khatami.

``Closing Salam was an attack on Khatami, which was an attack on the
people,'' said one student, as she surveyed a line of riot police blocking
the main entrance to the dormitory complex in west Tehran.

``To restrict press freedom is to deny democracy,'' said a classmate at the
emergency room of nearby Shariati hospital, where he was treated for facial
bruises and a sprained wrist. ''President Khatami symbolizes this
democracy.''

The student, who declined to give his name, said he saw one colleague in a
coma in a room guarded by a policeman. Several police were also injured,
interior ministry officials said.

The student protest, involving about 500 people, was sparked by a decision
of the conservative Special Court for Clergy to ban Salam indefinitely for
disturbing public opinion, endangering national security and violating
Islamic principles.

It also followed close on the heels of a vote by the conservative-led
parliament to greatly expand restrictions on the reformist press, the
centerpiece of Khatami's bid to create a civil society within Iran's Islamic
system.

Salam journalists said Friday they were hopeful the ban would be lifted
after the intelligence ministry late Thursday withdrew its complaint against
the newspaper over the printing of what it said was a top secret ministry
document.

The right-wing toughs used teargas to flush out students who had fled inside
the hostels and later broke into the complex, setting fire to some of the
rooms, witnesses said.

They said police had stood by throughout most of the attacks, stepping in
later to arrest a large number of the moderate students.

An official at the interior ministry indirectly criticized police handling
of the affair.

``Police, without coordination with the interior ministry, intervened in the
clashes and arrested a number of students,'' ministry spokesman Bahaeddin
Sheikholeslam told the official IRNA news agency.

He said officials had later decided to free all but the organizers of the
rally, apparently held without a permit, and he promised authorities would
investigate the incident.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 00:12:41 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Int. Herald Tribune: Students in Iran Battle Police Over Press
Rights

By the Courteasy of WWW.WorldTribune.com

International Herald Tribune
Paris, Saturday, July 10, 1999
Students in Iran Battle Police Over Press Rights

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----
Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----
TEHRAN - Violent clashes erupted in the Iranian capital on Friday between
Iranian security forces and students protesting tough new press
restrictions, leaving a number of people injured.
Hardline vigilantes attacked a student pro-democracy rally with tear gas,
clubs and stones, as Iran's ''press wars'' spilled over onto the country's
biggest campus.

Students interviewed at the scene of the clashes at the Tehran University
dormitory complex, which started late on Thursday, and at a nearby hospital
said dozens of students were injured and at least one may have been killed.

The witnesses said the attacks began when Islamic hardliners of the Ansar-e
Hezbollah group broke up a rally demanding the lifting of a ban on the
leading moderate daily Salam, which backs President Mohammed Khatami.

Security forces closed down the Amirabad campus of Tehran University after
the clashes, which the Iran News Agency said took place when the police
attempted to ''intervene'' in the protest.

But an Iranian journalist who was able to enter the campus before it was
blocked off said dormitories had been burned, windows broken and several
cars and motorcycles destroyed in the clashes.

''Students who were asleep barely had enough time to gather a few
possessions and get out,'' the journalist said.

An Information Ministry spokesman quoted by the Iran News Agency, said ''a
number of students and law enforcement officials were injured in the
scuffles and taken to a nearby hospital.''

He said a number of students had been arrested but that all but the rally's
organizers would be freed later.

The spokesman said security forces had converged on the rally of about 500
''without coordinating with the Interior Ministry.''

The Iran News Agency said protesters had also been attacked by people in
''plain-clothes,'' indicating that they may have been Islamic
fundamentalists who regularly try to interrupt demonstrations by liberal
students.

''Closing Salam was an attack on Khatami, which was an attack on the
people,'' said one student as she surveyed a line of riot police blocking
the main entrance to the dormitory complex in west Tehran.

''To restrict press freedom is to deny democracy,'' said a classmate at the
emergency room of nearby Shariati hospital, where he was treated for facial
bruises and a sprained wrist. ''President Khatami symbolizes this
democracy.''

The latter student, who declined to give his name, said he saw one colleague
in a coma in a room guarded by a policeman. Several police were also
injured, Interior Ministry officials said.

The student protest, involving about 500 people, was sparked by a decision
of the conservative Special Court for Clergy to ban Salam indefinitely for
disturbing public opinion, endangering national security and violating
Islamic principles.

It also followed close on the heels of a vote by the conservative-led
Parliament to greatly expand restrictions on the reformist press, the
centerpiece of Mr. Khatami's bid to create a civil society within Iran's
Islamic system.

Iran's main armed opposition movement, the Mujahidin Khalq, said in a
statement received in Nicosia that several people were killed, 1,000 people
wounded and another 1,000 arrested in the clashes.

It said Revolutionary Guards armed with assault rifles and truncheons
''savagely beat up'' protesters and that unnamed ''thugs'' threw other
students out of dormitory windows, leaving ''seven or eight'' dead.

Salam, a strong backer of Mr. Khatami, was ordered closed Wednesday by a
special clerical court.

The order came following a complaint from Iran's Intelligence Ministry over
a Salam article suggesting that a tough new press law, a draft version that
was approved by Parliament, had been inspired by a disgraced former
intelligence official, Said Emami.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 00:19:17 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Amnesty Int.: Fear for safety-Student demonstrators

* News Release Issued by the International Secretariat of Amnesty
International *


AI Index: MDE 13/15/99
UA 160/99

Fear for safety 9 July 1999
IRAN Student demonstrators



According to reports received by Amnesty International, a student
demonstration in Tehran was attacked by scores of armed members of the
vigilante student group Ansar-e Hezbollah (Helpers of Hezbollah), which
opposes current political developments in Iran, on 8 July 1999. Security
forces stationed nearby reportedly did not intervene to protect the
students.

Some hours later, Ansar-e Hezbollah members, together with members of the
security forces, stormed the student residences using teargas, and set fire
to mattresses and students' belongings. According to unconfirmed reports,
dozens of students were injured and at least four (named as Na'imi,
Sohrabian, Yavari and Zakeri) were killed. The security forces are also said
to have made random arrests of a large number of students at the scene.

The demonstrators had gathered outside their university hostels on Tehran
University's Amirabad campus, in the north of the city, to demonstrate
against the closure of the daily newspaper Salam.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

In recent months there have been several clashes between student
organizations supporting different political tendencies in the Islamic
Republic of Iran.

On 6 July student activists Mohammad Masud Salamati, Sayed Javad Emami and
Parviz Safari were arrested and detained overnight after a demonstration
outside the United Nations office in Tehran, demanding the release of two
journalists, Heshmatollah Tabarzadi and Hossein Kashani, who were arrested
in mid-June (see UA 141/99, AI Index: MDE 13/13/99).

Salam, a newspaper supporting reformist trends in the Iranian
administration, was banned indefinitely on 7 July by order of the Special
Court for the Clergy (Dadgah-e Vizhe-ye Ruhaniyat), following a complaint by
the Ministry of Information (Vezarat-e Etela'at) that it had published "top
secret" information. The official complaint was withdrawn the following day,
but it is not clear whether this will lead to the banning order being
lifted.

On 7 July the Majles (Parliament) voted to allow debate on a bill amending
the current Press Law, aimed at severely curtailing the freedom of the
press.

RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express/airmail letters in
English or your own language:
-seeking urgent clarification of the whereabouts and legal status of those
students arrested, and assurances that those detained will be humanely
treated;

- urging the authorities to guarantee the safety and security of all
students on university campuses;
-urging the authorities to investigate the killings and serious attacks and
to bring to justice all those found responsible;

-reminding the government of Iran of its commitment to the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, in particular Article 3: "Everyone has the
right to life, liberty and security of person".

APPEALS TO:
1)Leader of the Islamic Republic
His Excellency Ayatollah Sayed 'Ali Khamenei
The Presidency, Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: Ayatollah Khamenei, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

2)President
His Excellency Hojjatoleslam val Moslemin Sayed Mohammad Khatami
The Presidency, Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: President Khatami, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

3)Head of Judiciary
His Excellency Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi
Ministry of Justice
Park-e Shahr, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: Head of the Judiciary, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

COPIES TO:
Minister of Foreign Affairs
His Excellecy Kamal Kharrazi
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sheikh Abdolmajid Keshk-e Mesri Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Mr Mohammad Hassan Zia'i-Far
Secretary, Islamic Human Rights Commission
PO Box 13165-137
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Faxes: + 98 21 204 0541

and to diplomatic representatives of Iran accredited to your country.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 20 August 1999.

ENDS.../
Amnesty International, International Secretariat, 1 Easton Street,
WC1X 8DJ, London, United Kingdom

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 10 Jul 1999 01:51:21 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Liberation (France): Violent clashes at the university of Teheran

Liberation (France)
Translated from French

Original article below and at:
http://www.liberation.fr/quotidien/semaine/990710samf.html

Violent clashes at the university of Teheran

The students protest against the closing of a reforming newspaper.
By PIERRE PRAKASH with the AFP

Saturdays 10 and Sunday July 11, 1999

Wednesday, the newspaper " Salam ", famous near to president Khatami, had
been shown to have published a classified document secret and closed for one
unspecified duration.

Clashes still opposed students of the university of Teheran to the police
force yesterday at the end of the afternoon to the accesses of the campus of
Amirabad, for the second time in less than twenty-four hours.

This same campus had been devastated the morning even following violent one
confrontations, making casualties of share and others. Joined together
Thursday evening to protest against the advertisement of the closing of a
reforming newspaper, some 500 students had been attacked by " people into
civil ", according to the official agency Irna, probably of the agitators
related to the integrist mediums which regularly badger the demonstrations
with liberal students.

The incidents had continued in the night when the police force, apparently
badly controlled, tried to intervene. Several people had then been
challenged, but the direction of the services of security of Teheran decided
to slacken them and create a board of inquiry.

Wednesday, the Salam newspaper, famous near to moderate president Khatami,
had been shown to have published a secret classified document. Whereas the
Parliament voted the broad outline of a private bill hardening the
legislation on the press, this newspaper published the same day a document
showing that an agent of the secret service had suggested this tightening as
of last year.

The ministry for the Information had carried felt sorry for and required the
closing of the newspaper, for one unspecified duration. The complaint was
withdrawn as of Thursday " to prevent an useless tension of the political
atmosphere ", but it was still not known yesterday evening if Salam would
come out this morning.


Several preserving dignitaries in addition justified the new restrictions
against the press. The head of the Iranian constitutional consulting, the
ayatollah Jannati, thus declared that " the freedom of expression and
writing exists, but not freedom to plot ". The project however was highly
denounced by the reforming press, and president Mohammad Khatami itself,
like a will of the mode to reduce the freedom of expression.

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Violents heurts à l'université de Téhéran

Les étudiants protestent contre la fermeture d'un journal réformateur.
Par PIERRE PRAKASH avec l'AFP

Le samedi 10 et dimanche 11 juillet 1999


Mercredi, le journal «Salam», réputé proche du président Khatami, avait été
accusé d'avoir publié un document classé secret et fermé pour une durée
indéterminée.

Des heurts opposaient encore des étudiants de l'université de Téhéran aux
forces de l'ordre hier en fin d'après-midi aux abords du campus d'Amirabad,
pour la seconde fois en moins de vingt-quatre heures.

Ce même campus avait été dévasté le matin même à la suite de violents
affrontements, faisant des blessés de part et d'autres. Réunis jeudi soir
pour protester contre l'annonce de la fermeture d'un journal réformateur,
quelques 500 étudiants avaient été attaqués par «des personnes en civil»,
selon l'agence officielle Irna, probablement des provocateurs liés aux
milieux intégristes qui harcèlent régulièrement les manifestations
d'étudiants libéraux.

Les incidents s'étaient poursuivis dans la nuit quand les forces de police,
apparemment mal contrôlées, ont tenté d'intervenir. Plusieurs personnes
avaient alors été interpellées, mais la direction des services de sécurité
de Téhéran a décidé de les relâcher et de créer une commission d'enquête.

Mercredi, le journal Salam, réputé proche du président modéré Khatami, avait
été accusé d'avoir publié un document classé secret. Alors que le Parlement
votait les grandes lignes d'une proposition de loi durcissant la législation
sur la presse, ce journal publiait le même jour un document montrant qu'un
agent des services secrets avait suggéré ce resserrement dès l'an dernier.

Le ministère des Renseignements avait porté plainte et demandé la fermeture
du journal, pour une durée indéterminée. La plainte a été retirée dès jeudi
pour «empêcher une tension inutile de l'atmosphère politique», mais on ne
savait toujours pas hier soir si Salam sortirait ce matin.

Plusieurs hauts dignitaires conservateurs ont par ailleurs justifié les
nouvelles restrictions contre la presse. Le chef du conseil constitutionnel
iranien, l'ayatollah Jannati, a ainsi déclaré que «la liberté d'expression
et d'écriture existe, mais pas la liberté de comploter». Le projet a
toutefois été vivement dénoncé par la presse réformatrice, et par le
président Mohammad Khatami lui-même, comme une volonté du régime de réduire
la liberté d'expression.

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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 8 Jul 1999 to 9 Jul 1999
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