Date: Jul 14, 1999 [ 14: 7: 59]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Jul 1999 to 14 Jul 1999 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Jul 1999 to 14 Jul 1999 - Special issue
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There are 12 messages totalling 1251 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Fwd: Schedule of Demonstrations and Meetings in Support of Iranian
2. Basijies: Muslem butchers who cut non-Muslems into pieces
3. Khamneyi: The Dean of the Islamic Slaughterhouse
4. Iran/Reuters: Security official says Iran could execute rioters
5. Iran/Reuters: Iran's Clerical Establishment Flexes Its Muscles
6. Iran/Reuters: Iran warns countries backing social unrest
7. Iran/Human Rights Watch Condemning the Brutal Assault (Extract and Full
8. Iran/Reuters: Britain urges calm in Iran
9. Iran/Reuters: World watches Iran unrest with hope, fear
10. Transcript of Lehrer Interview on Student Protests
11. =?ISO-8859-1?Q?ON=20THE=20RUINS=20OF=20THE=20BRUTAL=20ISLAMIC=20?=
12. Students Left Isolated


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 04:13:46 EDT
Subject: Fwd: Schedule of Demonstrations and Meetings in Support of Iranian

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Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 01:50:51 -0400 (EDT)
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Subject: Schedule of Demonstrations and Meetings in Support of Iranian

Washington (DC/USA)

Saturday July 17th, 1999, from 03:30 PM
George Washington University-Funger Hall
Jonction of " G" and 22th street
Informations: (301) 365-7277 and (703) 319-1807.

Note: After a meeting of one hour, the participants will start a protest march toward the UN office of Washington located in avenue " K "

Dear Friends,

The dictatorship has selected the repression of Our People rather than helping the Iranians to reach the Democracy. We have all witnessed in the TV coverage; How armed barbarian forces having for task to protect the Iranian citizens have decided to kill, beat and jail the best of us.

Only a massive support and protest will avoid the arrested students to run toward a sure death which is the favorite solution of the Islamic republic. Please to check the listing below, spread the message, ask all your family members and friends to participate, send us any comments or news about other events and participate yourself...
Demonstrations and meetings organized in a commune action by several Iranian Associations and Political Parties:

1- Los Angeles (CA/USA)

Thursday July 15th 1999, from 05:00 PM
Wilshire Blvd, in front of the Federal Building
Informations: (310) 828-0404 and (818) 704-9825

Note: 1) The Continus Hunger Strike of the Iranian Mothers has already started in front of this building since 7/13/1999

Note: 2) Based on CNN which will broadcast from the Federal building, a crowd over 30,000 participants are expected to participate in this demonstration (Our Captive sisters and brothers having satellite dishes in Iran can see the degree of Your/International Support)

3- San Fransisco (CA/USA)
Thursday July 15th 1999, from 06:00 PM
Union Square
Information: (415) 673-4726

4- San Jose (CA/USA)
Thursday July 15th 1999, from 07:00 PM
Cesar Chavez Plaza, in front of Fairmont Hotel
Information: (650) 286-0101
Note: Gatherings have started from 7/13/99 and every evenings from 07:00 PM till 09:00 PM

5- Dallas (TX/USA)
Thursday July 15th 1999,
From 07:00 PM till 09:00 PM
Golden Room of Fairmont Hotel
Ackard Avenue (Down Town)

Note: A silent march with candle will start after the hotel's meeting toward the Kennedy Memorial (Down Town) in order to procession.

6- Washington (DC/USA)
Saturday July 17th, 1999, from 03:30 PM
George Washington University-Funger Hall
Jonction of " G" and 22th street
Informations: (301) 365-7277 and (703) 319-1807.

Note: After a meeting of one hour, the participants will start a protest march toward the UN office of Washington located in avenue " K "



Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 11:19:23 +0100
From: "a.abdi" <a.abdi@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: Basijies: Muslem butchers who cut non-Muslems into pieces

In Persian version of the news< ayatullah Ruhani disclosed the
true nature of Khamneyi's fadaii. They are Muslem butchers. The eat
Halal meat. The meat of those whose blodd is Halal to be poured.


thr 034
snsc to find out root causes of dormitory incidents: rowhani
tehran, july 14, irna -- secretary of the supreme national security
council (snsc) hojatoleslam hassan rowhani here wednesday underlined
the council's responsibility in finding the root causes of the recent
incidents at tehran university dormitory and said to this end it has
dismissed, punished and reprimanded those involved in the events.
addressing a multitude of ralliers at tehran university, rowhani
highlighted the outstanding role that university students played in
various scenes of the revolution and said in line with its policy,
snsc released all those arrested in the dormitory incidents and has
approved of compensation for the damage.
certainly, he stressed, the talented students as guarantors of
the future of the country and the revolution, are highly respected
by the officials of the nation for their pivotal role in the victory
and continuation of the revolution.
the issue of the tehran university dormitory incidents is still
in the agenda of the supreme national security council until all the
roots which caused the incident are investigated and reported to the
public, hojatoleslam rowhani said.
stressing that the tragic dormitory incident was condemned by
the people and officials since the very beginning, the snsc
secretary said regrettably it was followed by two subsequent bitter
incidents in the light of which opportunist enemies who had no
connection with students tried to misuse the student move which
unfortunately they did.
saboteurs affiliated to the bankrupt and isolated political
grouplets in the society and lackey agents of foreign powers took
advantage of the opportunity they had been awaiting for months, he
further remarked.
::irna 14/07/99 13:26

thr 038
rally-rowhani ... 2 - tehran
further remarked.
pointing to the propaganda campaign of the enemies and their
appeasement over the recent events in iran, rowhani said foreign
enemies and their lackey agents should know well that islam and the
people are alive in the country and as on the early days of the
revolution are present in the scene to give a crushing response to
the enemies.
the snsc secretary further stressed that powerful security
forces, including the law enforcement forces, basij and other forces
as well as those of the information ministry, will be strongly present
as well.
he also pointed to the disinformation campaign by foreign radios
in support of the saboteur elements and said enemies of the islamic
system should know that the islamic revolution is a 'popular'
revolution which has its roots deep in the lives of the people.
rowhani said that foreign enemies are attempting to follow their
false experience in countries dependent on foreign powers in the
islamic republic of iran.
arguing whether the revolution belongs to a certain individual,
strata or group, rowhani said the revolution belongs to 60 million
ranians who have made devotions wholeheartedly for the sake of the
commenting on the open support of the u.s. and zionist regime
for the saboteurs, the snsc secretary said they were expected to do so
as they have always supported the violators.
he further added, ''certain other countries have been also misled.
we tell them that false remarks of some officials of certain countries
in connection with recent incidents in tehran have been registered in
the file of iran's relations with them and we will take the issue
into consideration. they should know that we will give them an
appropriate answer at the opportune time.''
however, he added, the enemy should know that it has the only
option of confession and taking a humble stance before the noble
iranian nation.
::irna 14/07/99 14:13

thr 041
rally-rowhani ... 3 - tehran
iranian nation.
rowhani regretted attacks on people's property, creation of an
atmosphere of terror among the public and disturbance of tranquility
and security as another bitter event of the recent days.
rowhani who is the vice-speaker of the islamic consultative
assembly (majlis) praised the vigilance of the students in identifying
plots of the enemies, adding that any move by opportunist elements
would be severely repressed everywhere.
he called on all groups to appreciate the realities of the
system, the society, the region and the world, underlining the need
for preservation of solidarity and unity in the light of such a
he said events of the recent days proved to all that violence
and violation under any title is condemned and stressed that
saboteurs and anarchists would be severely confronted so that others
would take a good lesson.
underscoring the need for unity among all strata of the society,
the snsc secretary said that all officials are unanimous on
confrontation with opportunist elements and that the judiciary would
act upon its legal, religious and national duties in this connection
within the coming days.
calling for the vigilant presence of the public in the scene,
rowhani said people know well that security and stability are major
prerequisites for economic, political and cultural development.
he assured people that the snsc would investigate the roots of
the recent incidents and inform the public of the outcome. he also
promised the people that security forces and the judiciary would
severely repress the saboteurs and assured the people that the
government has full control over the situation.
::irna 14/07/99 14:39


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 11:23:00 +0100
From: "a.abdi" <a.abdi@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: Khamneyi: The Dean of the Islamic Slaughterhouse

thr 007
leader says opportunist elements will be supprssed
tehran, july 14, irna -- following two days of unrest by a group of
rioters, the supreme leader of the islamic revolution, ayatollah
seyyed ali khamenei, issued a message addressed to the iranian nation
here tuesday night.
"it is for two days that a group of vicious people, supported
by certain abnkrupt political groups and encouraged by foreign
enemies, have engaged in corruption and destruction of people's
properties, creating an atmosphere of terror and intimidation and
despriving people of their security and tranquility in tehran.
he said the mean and wretched enemies of islam and the revolution
imagine that iran's revolutionary people would let them pave the
way for the dominance of the criminal u.s. over iran through their
mischievous acts. they imagine that the people have grown tired of
islam and the revolution and thus ant to take revenge from the islamic
revolution, he added.
however, the leader stressed, they are ignorant of the fact that
the faithful, brave and vigilant people of iran will not permit them,
their masters and their supporters to go on with their vicious acts
and the powerful islamic system will severely crush them down.
the leader further emphasized that the government and the
public security officials have been instructed to put down the corrupt
and opposition elements with power and wisdom to disappoint those who
have invested hope in the mischievous acts of these black faced
the leader also called on the iranian nation particularly the
youth to check the enemy actions vigilantly and cooperate with
security officers to deprive the mercenary elements from any
opprtunity through their presence in the scene.
::irna 14/07/99 09:59


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 08:49:31 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Reuters: Security official says Iran could execute rioters

Security official says Iran could execute rioters
07:31 a.m. Jul 14, 1999 Eastern

TEHRAN, July 14 (Reuters) - A senior Iranian official cautioned on Wednesday
that some of those behind the recent violent disturbances in Tehran could be

``Those involved in the last days' riots, destruction of public property and
attacks against the system will be tried and punished as moharaeb (those
fighting God) and mofsed (those spreading corruption),'' said Hassan
Rowhani, secretary of the Supreme National Security Council, Iran's top
security body.

Rowhani was referring to charges which usually carry a death sentence under
Iran's Islamic law.

``Fortunately most of these elements already have been arrested yesterday
(Tuesday) and overnight,'' Rowhani told the crowd during a rally protesting
the unrest.

``Among those arrested are insurgents, individuals with a long history of
crime, people linked to defeated (anti-revolutionary) groups and those who
have somehow been fed by secret hands,'' he said, in an apparent reference
to possible foreign involvement in the bloody disturbances.

Tens of thousands of Iranians marched through Tehran on Wednesday in support
of Islamic rule after six days of growing unrest which was sparked by a
crackdown last Thursday on a peaceful student rally in support of press

Wednesday's march was staged to condemn the disturbances during which
students and supporters fought pitched battles with security forces,
attacked banks and set fire to buildings and vehicles.


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 09:11:35 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Reuters: Iran's Clerical Establishment Flexes Its Muscles

Iran's Clerical Establishment Flexes Its Muscles
12:48 a.m. Jul 14, 1999 Eastern
By Jonathan Lyons

TEHRAN, Iran (Reuters) - Iran's conservative establishment geared up for
show of strength Wednesday, summoning supporters to a rally outside Tehran
University, scene of six days of pro-democracy protests that have turned
increasingly violent.

Conservative-led bodies from the Islamic Propagation Organization to the
office for Enjoining Good and Prohibiting Evil joined forces to exhort a big
turnout at the rally to condemn the unrest and voice support for Iran's
supreme clerical leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

``Tomorrow our nation will condemn the plots hatched by the enemies of
Islam, especially the criminal America, in the current unrest,'' said a
statement by rightist parliament deputies Tuesday.

Organizers are counting on a massive crowd to counter six days of violent
protests that escalated into running street battles with security forces and

Several moderate organizations and the cabinet of reformist President
Mohammad Khatami also backed the rally.

Khatami said late Tuesday the riots threatened Iran's national security and
his government's reformist policies.

He said what started out as a peaceful student protest last Thursday had
degenerated into a riot led by people with ``evil aims.''

``I am sure these people have evil aims. They intend to foster violence in
society, and we shall stand in their way...We take the security of our
country and our citizens very seriously,'' Khatami told state television.

Security forces and armed Islamic vigilantes took control of most of central
Tehran late Tuesday after confronting protesters in some of the most violent
scenes since the 1979 revolution.

Defense Minister Ali Shamkhami late Tuesday cautioned against any new
disturbances and told state television: ``We will enforce security at any

There was little sign of opposition as members of the paramilitary Basij
forces and Islamic vigilantes triumphantly patrolled deserted streets with
guns drawn.

``We donate to the leader the blood in our veins,'' they chanted in
reference to Ayatollah Khamenei. Some protesters had chanted unprecedented
slogans against Khamenei, who is generally above public criticism.

Security forces earlier shot into the air and fired tear gas at angry
demonstrators who defied a state ban on protests.

Hundreds of protesters had tried to force the iron gates of the interior
ministry, which controls the police, as the riots moved away from the
university, scene of daily protests against a police and vigilante attack
during a peaceful rally last week.

Shops in Tehran's sprawling bazaar shut as the demonstrators approached.
Vigilantes armed with automatic arms directed traffic in a nearby street
where protesters smashed windows of one state bank and set fire to another
bank and a minibus.

Crowds earlier tried to attack the offices of the hard-line Kayhan
newspaper, hated by many moderates for its virulent diatribes against them,
but were pushed back by police.

State media have repeatedly aired a speech by Khamenei blaming the unrest on
``enemies,'' mainly the United States. And they called on citizens to attend
Wednesday's rally.

The crisis has shaken the Islamic republic and put pressure on Khatami,
elected in 1997 with wide student support, to accelerate promised reforms in
the face of strong challenges from powerful conservative clerical opponents.

Central Tehran echoed to the sounds of ambulance sirens, car horns,
screaming protesters and policemen Tuesday. The stench of tear gas and
burning tires filled the air and the tree-lined streets were littered with
sticks, broken glass and rubbish.

Some residents joined the students in chanting ``We don't want a government
of force, we don't want a mercenary police'' outside the gates of Tehran

They also shouted ``Army brothers, why kill brothers?,'' a familiar slogan
during the revolution that toppled the U.S.-backed shah.


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 09:21:56 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Reuters: Iran warns countries backing social unrest

Iran warns countries backing social unrest
05:35 a.m. Jul 14, 1999 Eastern

TEHRAN, July 14 (Reuters) - A top Iranian security official on Wednesday
warned foreign countries voicing support for Iran's current social unrest
that Tehran would retaliate.

``Speeches made by certain countries about the events of the past several
days will be recorded in our files,'' said Hassan Rouhani, the secretary of
the Supreme National Security Council, Iran's highest body dealing with
internal and external security.

``We will take this into account and they must know that, at an opportune
moment, we will deliver the necessary response,'' he told a pro-government
rally in Tehran.

The ``unity rally,'' called by the conservative clerical establishment and
supported by most moderate reform groups, was intended to denounce the
student-inspired violent unrest of recent days -- Iran's worst since the
aftermath of the 1979 Islamic revolution.

Rouhani's warnings were apparently aimed at Turkey, whose prime minister,
Bulent Ecevit, said on Tuesday that the unrest was the product of an
oppressive Islamic regime.

``The Iranian people are highly cultured and have a rich history. They could
not be expected to endure an oppressive and outdated regime for a long
period. So from that point of view it is natural,'' the Anatolian news
agency quoted Ecevit as saying.

Relations between Tehran and overwhelmingly Moslem but officially secular
Turkey have been tense since the 1979 revolution toppled Iran's secularist

Ankara frequently accuses Tehran of sponsoring radical Islamist activism
inside Turkey.

Israel and the United States have spoken favourably of the student unrest,
but they already have no diplomatic relations with Iran.

Iranian authorities have blamed the violence -- triggered by attacks on the
students by police and hardline vigilantes -- on what they say are deviant
elements abetted by the United States and other hostile foreign countries.


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 10:52:53 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Human Rights Watch Condemning the Brutal Assault (Extract and
Full Text)...

Assault on Iranian students condemned

(New York, July 13, 1999)- Human Rights Watch today called on Ayatollah
Seyyed Ali Khamenei, the Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, to ensure
that an independent public inquiry is carried out into the July 9 attack on
students at Tehran University dormitories by the extremist group Ansar-e
Hezbollah and police.

Related Material

Letter to Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
July 1999

"This is what happens when the state allows armed civilian groups to take
the law into their own hands. Ayatollah Khamenei must act swiftly to ensure
ordinary Iranians are protected against such lawlessness."

Hanny Megally
Executive Director, Middle East and North Africa Division of Human Rights


For Further nformation:
Elahe S. Hicks - 212.216/1233
Hanny Megally - 212.216/1230

Full Text:

Letter to Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
July 13, 1999

H.E. Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei
Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Tehran, Iran

Your Excellency,

Human Rights Watch strongly condemns the brutal assault on students at
Tehran University halls of residence in the early hours of Friday July 9,
1999 by police and members of the Ansar-e Hezbollah. At least one visitor to
the dormitory is known to have been killed by gunfire during the assault,
although unconfirmed reports place the number of dead at four. Many others
were beaten and wounded and hundreds were reportedly detained. The assault
on the dormitory, when the students were sleeping, was in response to a
peaceful protest on Thursday July 8 against the closure of Salam newspaper,
a popular daily identified with the cause of political reform, and attempts
by the parliament to restrict freedom of the press by proposing restrictive
draft amendments to the press law.

The demonstration on July 8 involved a few hundred students. Eye witnesses
told Human Rights Watch that police officers observed the demonstration but
did not intervene, and the students returned to their dormitory without
incident. It appears that at about 4.30 am on July 9, police allowed members
of Ansar-e Hezbollah to enter the dormitory. They attacked students and
attemped to take some of them away. Students reportedly responded by
fighting the attackers and protesting the abduction of their colleagues. As
the conflict escalated, 300 armed police entered the campus shooting in the
air and firing tear gas. The students were driven back into their
dormitories. At this point, hundreds of purported members of the Ansar-e
Hezbollah were admitted to the dormitory buildings and systematically
ransacked student rooms, destroyed property and assaulted students. During
this assault, according to the independent newspaper Neshat, 300 students
were wounded, 400 taken into detention and four were killed. By 7.00 am the
clash was over. After Friday prayers at midday on July 9, students held a
rally on the university campus to protest the assault on the dormitory.
Hezbollah again attacked with sticks and chains while the police reportedly
stood by or joined in the attacks.

Your Excellency, these events yet again highlight the role of organized
civilian groups claiming religious authority to carry out acts of violence
and lawlessness, and the close collaboration with these groups of police and
security forces. These actions contribute to the acute problem of lack of
accountability on the part of the police and law enforcement personnel.
Human Rights Watch calls on Your Excellency to ensure that a thorough,
public, and independent inquiry is carried out into the events of July 9,
and that those responsible for wrong-doing are identified and brought to
justice. In this regard, Human Rights Watch welcomes the July 10 statement
of the Supreme National Security Council calling for a comprehensive inquiry
into the incident, and for holding accountable those responsible. We urge
you to ensure that these directives are carried out immediately.

All those responsible for assaulting students and taking part in other
illegal acts should be prosecuted. The role of Tehran police chief General
Hedayat Lotfian, who has been identified in press accounts as the officer
responsible for ordering the assault on the campus, should be made clear. If
it turns out that he was acting on orders from higher authorities, then
those responsible should also be identified and held accountable. Law
enforcement personnel should protect citizens from the lawless actions of
violent organized civilians and never act in collusion with them. Finally,
all students detained in this illegal action who have not been charged with
any internationally recognizable crime should be released.

Insofar as the Minister of the Interior, Hojatoleslam Abdolvahed
Mousavi-Lari, has stated that the assault on the campus took place without
the ministry's approval, Your Excellency should take steps to ensure that
authority over law-enforcement personnel resides with responsible government
officials, in accordance with the law, and subject to judicial oversight.

Your Excellency, the themes of accountability and upholding the rule of law
lie at the root of the events at Tehran University on July 9, 1999. Since
September 1998 dozens of newspapers have been closed down in proceedings
that violated the law. The closure of Salam newspaper, which initiated the
students' protest, was triggered by that newspaper's reporting of the
alleged role of Saeed Emami, a high ranking Ministry of Information
official, in efforts by the parliament to restrict freedom of the press. Mr.
Emami was implicated in the killings of writers and intellectuals in 1998
and is alleged to have committed suicide in prison in late June 1999.
Newspapers have been at the forefront of efforts to expose official
involvement in the killings of a number of journalists and intellectuals at
the end of 1998.

Your Excellency, as Leader of the Islamic Republic, you are constitutionally
responsible for overseing the functioning of all branches of the government.
The executive branch of government cannot fulfill its proper functions as
long as the institutions under your supervision fail to comply with their
obligations under Iranian and international law. You should exercise your
authority to ensure that officials implicated in illegal assaults and
killings are exposed and prosecuted, to ensure that freedom of the press is
respected, and to ensure that law enforcement operations are carried out in
accordance with the law. Upholding the rule of law, and respecting the
rights and freedoms of citizens are among your duties as Leader.



Hanny Megally
Executive Director
Middle East and North Africa Division
Human Rights Watch


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 11:44:20 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Reuters: Britain urges calm in Iran

Britain urges calm in Iran
07:18 a.m. Jul 14, 1999 Eastern

LONDON, July 14 (Reuters) - Britain on Wednesday expressed concern about the
situation in Iran and urged security forces and demonstrators in Tehran to
avoid further violence.

``It is primarily a matter for the Iranian people to resolve within Iran,
but clearly we would urge all groups in Iran to refrain from violence,''
Foreign Office junior minister Geoff Hoon told parliament.

He was responding to six days of social unrest in Iran which have produced
the most violent scenes since the aftermath of the 1979 Islamic revolution
which toppled the Shah.

On Wednesday, tens of thousands of Iranians marched through Tehran in
support of Islamic rule in a unity rally called by the clerical
establishment and backed by most moderate groups.

Hoon, answering MPs' questions over Britain's resumption of ties with Tehran
a decade after they were broken off, said the government was committed to
developing relations and encouraging the reformist policies of President
Mohammad Khatami.

``The events overnight do give further cause for concern and we...will
continue to monitor the situation closely,'' Hoon said.

He said however that there were also positive signs coming from Iran,
praising Khatami's programme of change, enforcement of the rule of law and
more open foreign policy.

Iran and Britain exchanged ambassadors in May, ending a long dispute over
the 1989 fatwa issued by Iran's late revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah
Khomeini calling for the death of British novelist Salman Rushdie.

Some members of parliament criticised the closer ties with a country they
described as a sponsor of state terrorism with an appalling human rights

Hoon said Britain and its European Union partners would push Iran on human
rights and other issues.

``We will continue to encourage...reforms while pressing also for
improvement in those Iranian policies which cause us particular concern,''
he said.


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 12:06:38 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Reuters: World watches Iran unrest with hope, fear

ANALYSIS-World watches Iran unrest with hope, fear
10:05 a.m. Jul 14, 1999 Eastern
By Paul Taylor, Diplomatic Editor

LONDON, July 14 (Reuters) - The world is watching student unrest in Iran
with a mixture of hope that it may hasten President Mohammad Khatami's
reforms and fear that violence could spin out of control and prompt a
hardline crackdown.

European Union governments, which have been eagerly building ties with Iran,
which has some of the world's biggest oil and gas reserves, have declared
support for Khatami's programme of freedom of expression, civil society and
the rule of law.

In coordinated statements on Tuesday, France said Khatami's desire for
openness and reform deserved support, Italy voiced the hope that the
violence would end and his reform drive would grow stronger, and Britain
said it hoped disputes over the pace and scope of reform would be settled

Privately, EU diplomats said the outburst of protest by young people who
make up 70 percent of the population should show Khatami's hardline rivals
in the Shi'ite Moslem clergy the dangers they face if they try to reverse
democratic reforms.

They said the president, a skilled politician, was trying to move cautiously
and avoid a showdown ahead of next February's parliamentary election, in
which he hopes to capture control of the legislature from his conservative

But some voiced concern that Khatami appeared to have been manoeuvred by the
conservatives into ordering the students to end their protests, because of
escalating violence with Islamic vigilantes, without having achieved their
goals of protecting fledgling press freedom.

The students originally took to the streets last week in protest at the
suspension of the pro-Khatami newspaper Salam by a religious court and
parliament's approval of a tough new bill that could curtail press freedom.

Salam remains suspended and the bill has not been withdrawn as the
protesters demanded.

Many students may now feel impatient and let down by Khatami, one European
diplomatic Iran-watcher said.

``The hardliners' hope is to detach Khatami from his natural supporters
among students and the young. They want today's organised pro-regime
demonstration in Tehran to look like a massive endorsement of clerical
rule,'' he said.

He said EU governments were consulting on Iran and wanted to avoid saying
anything that could be seized on in the internal power struggle.

The United States, which still has no relations with Tehran, has condemned
what it called ``the repression of fundamental freedoms'' and urged the
Iranian government ``to protect peaceful demonstrators and respect
international human rights standards.''

That drew an angry blast from the Iranian Foreign Ministry. Both Khatami and
supreme Islamic leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei have accused foreign
enemies -- their standard term for the United States and Israel -- of
seeking to exploit the unrest.

Ironically, Israel is sounding slightly more positive towards Iran after a
nearly decade of branding the Islamic republic the greatest threat to peace
in the Middle East.

Foreign Minister David Levy said the student protests could signal a new era
of openness in Iran. The newspaper Ha'aretz ran an unconfirmed report last
week that new Prime Minister Ehud Barak planned to try a policy of detente
with Tehran.

The less hostile tone may be driven by efforts to win the release of 13
Iranian Jews arrested on charges, which Israel says are trumped up, of
spying for the Jewish state.

Washington's close Middle Eastern ally, militantly secular Turkey, has made
the most scathing comments on the turmoil.

Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said on Tuesday the Iranian people ``could not
be expected to endure an oppressive and outdated regime for a long period.
So from that point of view, it (the unrest) is natural.''

Relations between Tehran and Ankara have deteriorated this year. Iran, which
has long criticised Turkey's close military ties with Israel, condemned the
exclusion of a Turkish Islamist woman member of parliament for wearing a
Moslem headscarf.

Iran's Arab neighbours across the Gulf are watching events in Tehran closely
but refraining from public comment.

Saudi Arabia has staged a spectacular rapprochement with Iran this year,
cooperating to boost the oil price and welcoming Khatami on the first
official visit by an Iranian leader since the 1979 Islamic revolution.

Nearly every Gulf Arab newspaper is carrying prominent news agency reports
and pictures of the Iranian protests, though most are avoiding commentary on
a sensitive subject in tightly controlled states that do not allow

The Saudi-owned, London-based daily al-Hayat, widely read in the Gulf, said
in an analysis from Tehran that the protests showed the maturity of young
Iranians, who no longer accepted old conspiracy theories and knew who were
the real enemies of change.

``The students are not in the process of a new revolution, they are working
within the principles of the revolution and its aims. They are working to
'incite' Khatami to press ahead on more than one level, whereas he prefers
to wait for next year's parliamentary elections to complete his reform
drive, relying on popular support for his course,'' the paper said.

Gulf television stations have broadcast extensive footage of the protests,
including Qatar's al-Jazeera satellite station, which has gained a following
as one of the few outlets for political dissent in the Arab world.


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 18:12:11 GMT
From: Arash Alavi <arash@MY-DEJA.COM>
Subject: Transcript of Lehrer Interview on Student Protests

The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer


July 13, 1999

Student protesters clashed with government hardliners in
Iran's most violent demonstrations in nearly two decades.
Three experts discuss the students' motives and the
government's reaction.

[background info deleted for brevity]

A call for change

JIM LEHRER: For more on this, Shaul Bakhash, a native of
Iran, now a U.S. citizen. He's a professor at George Mason
University. Bahman Baktiari, also a native of Iran and now
a U.S. citizen, he is an associate professor at the
University of Maine. And Stephen Fairbanks, he's director
of the Persian Service of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty,
and formerly was the State Department's senior Iran
analyst. How important are the student protests?

SHAUL BAKHASH: Well, they are very important. These are the
most sustained protests since the revolution practically.
They've gone on for several days despite the calls by both
the hardliners and the moderates that they come to an end,
and the students are posing demands for a change in the
structure of the regime and also attacking the supreme
leader of Iran directly. There have been calls for his
ceding power.

JIM LEHRER: And now today those protests, as Charles just
said, have now been banned. What kind of confrontation does
that set up for tomorrow and the days ahead?

SHAUL BAKHASH: Well, they were banned already, you know,
today and yet they took place. And I think that must be
very worrisome for the regime, that they continue despite
this attempt to bring them to an end. I think tomorrow we
will see a mass demonstration by the pro-government forces
to try to show their muscle so we may not see anything
tomorrow. But it's clear that the student demands have not
yet been met.

The student demands

JIM LEHRER: Help us understand now what the students want.
Is it correct to call it a pro-democracy movement? Or if
not, what should it be called?

BAHMAN BAKTIARI: I think the students in Iran are not very
well organized in terms of their political vision for Iran.
They simply are pursuing these abstract goals that
President Khatami has encouraged them to think about, civil
society, democratization, freedom of press --

JIM LEHRER: Like what specifically? What do they want?

BAHMAN BAKTIARI: They really, I think, in terms of the
political structure, they want more freedom as President
Khatami promised them that would translate into rule of

JIM LEHRER: Freedom to do what?

BAHMAN BAKTIARI: Freedom to interact among different sexes,
which have been restricted now by Islamic Code of Behavior,
freedom to express their opinion in the newspapers and
magazines that they publish, freedom for the press, which
is very important to them since it was a closure of a daily
that actually sparked this and the parliament's passage of
law that would restrict the press freedom that has led to a
lot of frustration. So students see themselves a vanguard,
in a way, of protecting Khatami. And many slogans as I've
been looking at it are really showing to Khatami that they
are behind him and they want to move fast. So they're
caught. They're caught. The students are caught in a way
that that they don't have any recognizable leader. It seems
to be spontaneous. They have a lot of organizational
capability but yet I think this gives advantage to the
authorities that there's no specific leadership of the

JIM LEHRER: And now today the president has condemned what
the students are doing in his name. How do you read that,
Mr. Fairbanks?

STEPHEN FAIRBANKS: Well, he's condemning the violence that
took place today. I didn't really think he was condemning
the original cause of the demonstrations, the calls for
fear of political development and access to information.
And what he was saying today I think in condemning the
violence is something that many of the student leaders
themselves have been concerned about, how the
demonstrations over the last several days have changed from
initially being relatively peaceful to now degenerating
into something that's including burning of banks and
attacks on buses and so on.

Some of the student leaders that have talked with our radio
service have expressed the concern that perhaps there are
provocative elements that have joined in, others that have
come in perhaps to discredit the original student movement
and perhaps even to pave the way or to give the excuse for
a much more repressive crackdown in the days ahead.

JIM LEHRER: On the theory that violence then justifies
violence to put down the original violence?

STEPHEN FAIRBANKS: Yes, that's right.

JIM LEHRER: And is that a legitimate fear in your opinion?

STEPHEN FAIRBANKS: I think so. I think -- well, they're
looking at some of the examples that happened in earlier in
the revolution of 20 years ago where there was belief that
agents of the central government did acts that the
revolutionaries would get blamed for. And so whether
there's a reality to this now or not I think a lot of
people worry about that.

JIM LEHRER: Yes. Well, Professor Bakhash, if, in fact, this
comes down to a collision of violent forces, as we've just
been discussing, who wins?

SHAUL BAKHASH: Well, if there were to be a continuation of
these riots and demonstrations and a kind of dissent into
disorder, no one would win. But I think we want to look at
some of the student demands that Dr. Baktiari mentioned and
others they have made because they wish removal of
restrictions of the press, a removal of restrictions on
elections, hand over of police powers from the supreme
leader to the president - an easing of the controls of the
judiciary exercises over the court system.

These are fairly concrete demands and I think they are very
much in line with the demands that the president himself
has been making vis-\340-vis the conservatives. What I think
we need to see in the next few days is whether the
president as a result of these demonstrations now has some
more leverage with the supreme leader and the conservatives
to secure concessions on some of these fairly concrete
issues of control over the institutions of the state.

Reading Iran's supreme leader

JIM LEHRER: How do you read the signs thus far about the
supreme leader and his willingness to make a deal of some
kind or in any way relax -- grant anything to what -- to the

SHAUL BAKHASH: I see very little signs of a willingness to
make concessions. The supreme leader yesterday did make a
statement condemning the attack on the student dormitories,
but he also blamed outside agents and instigators for the
demonstrations and today as we have seen, despite his
condemnation of the attacks on the students, they have
continued. So there's very little give, I think, in a
serious way on the part of the regime. But nevertheless,
they have to consider seriously the extent of these riots
and demonstrations, the evidence of student discontent, and
the very difficult consequences of continuing to try and
control this through sheer repression.

JIM LEHRER: Did any of your reporters or any of the
students that your folks talked to today, Mr. Fairbanks,
have anything to add to that in terms of what -- any give -
did they see any give, any signs that this was making any
headway with them?

STEPHEN FAIRBANKS: No, they didn't express that. They
expressed continuing frustration with the lack of
responsiveness of the government, particularly when the
supreme leader, Khamenei, condemned the students as saying
they were being stirred up by foreign agents.

JIM LEHRER: That sounds familiar, doesn't it?

STEPHEN FAIRBANKS: Yes. But rather than taking their own
demands seriously, they were being characterized as foreign
lackeys and they really objected to that.

JIM LEHRER: Well, Mr. Baktiari, as a practical matter, can
the supreme leader and the folks around him give in? I
mean, can they maintain what they have and give in, even an

BAHMAN BAKTIARI: Well, I think there a lot of
misunderstandings about the extent of the supreme leader's
authority in controlling events in Iran. And what has
happened since the revolution of '79 I think is that there
is a horizontal change of higher authorities and there are
several people involved in making decisions. So the supreme
leader, for example, has to consider the influence of the
chief of the judiciary when it comes to these things or for
President Raf Sanjani, who has been very quiet these days,
behind the scenes.

So, it is a very much of a collective decision-making
structure. This current supreme leader as a president in
the 1980's did not have much of a strict viewpoint. For
example, he was the one who called for the Fuqua on Salmon
Rushdie to be repealed if Salmon Rushdie would repent,
which was a very favorable position. So, within his own
mind I think the current supreme leader maybe is trying to
balance the factions inside Iran, and the hardliners are
putting on the pressure to sustain the current
revolutionary fervor inside.

The uprising: A way to moderate hardliners?

JIM LEHRER: And the issue then becomes
- I mean, in other words, he could, in fact, use -- what
you're suggesting is he might even be able to use the
student uprising as a way to even moderate his hardliners
around him and say hey, guys, we have no choice, we have to
do something. Is that what you're suggesting?

BAHMAN BAKTIARI: Exactly, because for the first me he has
come out in his speech and was very emotional trying to
address the students and said in his speech that even
though you have insulted me, you have burned my picture,
this is not going to bother me, which an incredible
admission on his part. So I think he is realizing the
situation may get out of hand and this could help Khatami.

JIM LEHRER: Yes. We've been talking about students here.
How representative are they of the rest of the country? Is
it just a student uprising, or do they have influence and
support elsewhere?

SHAUL BAKHASH: Well, obviously, they come from all classes
of society, and in that sense, they are representative, but
at the same time -

JIM LEHRER: You mean the students themselves?



SHAUL BAKHASH: Yes. Many of them of course are -- all of
them are children of the revolution and have been subjected
for 20 years to this Islamic propaganda, and it doesn't
seem to have had much effect. But at the same time as we
know from the experience of this and other countries,
students tend to be more willing to take risks than others.
And we haven't yet seen, I think, so far in addition to
expressions of sympathy and support, other groups joining
the students on the streets. So they're representative in
the sense that they come for all the different classes in
society, but they're much more willing to be politically
engaged than the rest of society.

JIM LEHRER: What's the practical risk to these other groups
if they wanted to join the students?

SHAUL BAKHASH: Well, first of all, the risk of being beaten
over the head and being attacked by these goons with their
chains and their sticks. There have been deaths in the
course of these demonstrations and arrests, and also of
course civil servants, people with jobs at stake would risk
losing them if they ended up in jail or accused by the

JIM LEHRER: What is your feeling, Mr. Fairbanks, looking at
this from afar here, about how long this thing must play
out before it gets resolved? I mean, when does this, when
does the crucial point come - within another few days,
another few months? Do you have a feel for that?

STEPHEN FAIRBANKS: I wouldn't want to make any predictions,
but I would say this is going to continue to bubble along
for quite a while. A lot of the tensions in recent months
have been in anticipation of parliamentary elections next
year, which is an important political development that the
factions are lining up for. Much of what's going on is
efforts to repress newspapers and political parties that
would give voice to more reform-minded politicians. So that
takes place next year. The following year will be another -

JIM LEHRER: My point -- my question was: is this one of
these revolutions that things are going to get violent and
things are going to be over quickly? What do you think? Are
we seeing something in the next few days, the next couple
of weeks?

SHAUL BAKHASH: First of all, the news this evening said
that the president or his representatives have agreed to
meet with a representative group of members of student
associations so they can table their demands and
grievances. So we may see some response to that in the next
few days. And it could be, it's hard to tell, that the
president made the strong condemnatory statement he did
this evening because he wants to calm his down and try and
deal with the student demands in the next few days. I think
unless - you know - unless the authorities find a way of
meeting the demands of the students and members of the rest
of society, this is a very large middle class in Iran, we
can expect the resumption of troubles.

JIM LEHRER: All right. Well, thank you all three very much.



Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 13:55:48 EDT
Subject: =?ISO-8859-1?Q?ON=20THE=20RUINS=20OF=20THE=20BRUTAL=20ISLAMIC=20?=

By Soraya Shahabi, Director
International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR)
July 13, 1999

The news of the studentsí and peopleís struggle in Iran and its
daily expansion is reminiscent of the rebellion of 1979 and the
overthrow of the Shahís regime. In response to the wave of protests,
the regimeís henchmen are acting in unison. While they declare
concern over the killing of students, they blame the rebellion on
"bandits, aided by certain bankrupt political groups."

The peopleís slogans have included: "Political Prisoners Must Be
Released," "Down, Down, Mullahís Rule, Down," "Mullah, Get Lost,"
"Freedom of Thought, Canít Be Obtained With Beards," "Cannons,
Tanks, and Machine Guns, Donít Have Effect Anymore," "Woe For
The Day, When We Become Armed," "People, the Rebellion Has
Begun, 20 Years of Silence Has Ended."

The deceptive media says that these protests are in support
of Khatamiís reforms! Khatami himself says that the rebellion
threatens Iran's national security and is led by people with "evil aims."

People of Iran!

During the past 20 years of Islamic fascism, innumerable human
beings have been killed, imprisoned, and tortured. You have now
begun the ultimate battle with one of the cruelest regimes in modern
history. You have shown that your will can bring one of the most
armed and brutal governments to its knees. The Islamic Republic of
Iran fears you.

The International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR) declares
its solidarity with your struggles and places its might beside you for
the overthrow of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the creation of a free,
equal and Socialist society.

Down with the Islamic Republic of Iran!
Long Live Liberty and Equality!

For more information, contact the IFIR, GPO, POB 7051, New York,
NY 10116. Tel: 212-747-1046. Fax: 212-425-7260.
E-mail: Website:


Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 20:57:21 GMT
From: Arash Alavi <arash@MY-DEJA.COM>
Subject: Students Left Isolated

Iran Pro-Democracy Students Left Isolated

Reuters 14-JUL-99

TEHRAN, Iran (Reuters) - Iran''s pro-democracy students,
among the strongest backers of President Mohammad Khatami,
have been sacrificed to a mainstream reform movement that
values its seat at the table of power more than profound
political change.

After patiently enduring two years of unrelenting pressure
-- from attacks by police and hard-line vigilantes to the
suppression of their favorite newspapers and even the
murders of dissident intellectuals -- many students had had

But when the inevitable crisis came, the man the students
looked to as their leader and savior was nowhere in sight.

"Khatami, where are you? Your students have been killed,"
chanted the crowds -- more a cry from the heart than a
calculated political slogan -- throughout six days of
pro-democracy protests set off by a police riot through the
dormitories of Tehran University.

Scores were hurt, many while asleep in their beds, and
students say five of their classmates were killed.
Officials said only one person was killed.

As student anger grew day by day, their champions inside
the system appeared to abandon them.

Unable to control the pace or direction of events, the main
pro-Khatami Islamic student movement washed its hands of
the whole affair.

"Now that the striking students have chosen their
representative council, this office no longer has any
responsibility with regard to the student movement,"
announced the Office to Consolidate Unity.

Moderate newspapers, another key component of the Khatami
coalition, called for calm without reporting the grievances
of students who had taken the slogans of the reform
movement -- freedom, the rule of law and civil society --
at face value.

That was all the more painful as expanded press freedom,
another Khatami cause, was chief among the students'

By Wednesday, the pro-democracy students were left
isolated, the only major players in this drama to boycott a
national unity rally in support of supreme leader Ayatollah
Ali Khamenei and the system of Islamic rule.

A letter in the pro-reform daily Neshat captured the
frustrations and disappointment of the universities,
providing insight into the explosive mixture that
culminated in Tuesday's street battles between protesters
and Islamic vigilantes and militia, backed by gun-toting
security forces.

"They were looking for someone, they were looking for any
traces of him. Yes, they were looking for Khatami, not that
he would do anything about it, but simply that he would
come and listen and see them cry," wrote Vahid Entezari, a
university student.

Instead, Khatami remained behind the walls of his
presidential palace and focused increasingly on growing
calls for public order.

There was no real gesture toward student demands, including
the removal of the hard-line police chief and the crushing
of the vigilantes who attack pro-reform gatherings with

In fact, assaults on the students only mounted, ending in a
commando-style raid to force them from the university
campus that paved the way for Tuesday's explosion of
pent-up rage in the streets of the capital.

"I am sure these people have evil aims. They intend to
foster violence in society, and we shall stand in their way
... We take the security of our country and our citizens
very seriously," the president said on national television.

It remains unclear what stayed the hands of a man, elected
in a surprise landslide with the overwhelming support of
students, Islamic intellectuals and women.

Was it a failure of leadership, or lack of political

Or perhaps it was a rare acknowledgment that even a
president with 70 percent of the popular vote has little
control over events in the Islamic Republic, where most
levers of power lie with the clerical establishment.

Students were waiting for a sign from Khatami that never
came. The result was some of the worst unrest since the
consolidation of the 1979 Islamic revolution and a
lingering question mark over the future of his entire
reform program.

Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited.All rights reserved.


End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Jul 1999 to 14 Jul 1999 - Special issue