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There are 5 messages totalling 511 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Students: the leaders of the people
2. US Demonstrations of Support and Protest for the Iranian Student Movement
3. Iran/Amnesty Int.: (7/13/99) Student demonstrators- Fear for Safety
4. Iran/NY Times: Iran Protests Spread to 18 Cities; Police Crack Down at
University
5. Iran/Reuters: Iran's Khamenei tells militia to crush unrest

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 00:43:02 +0100
From: "a.abdi" <a.abdi@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: Students: the leaders of the people

thr 005
iran-students
council of sitting-in students: refrain from protests
tehran, july 14, irna-- council of sitting-in students here tuesday
reiterated that understanding and intellect of university students
does not allow for any violence nor destruction in any shape or form
and said "these actions are made by individuals who wish to point the
finger of blame at students movements".
the council in part said: "in order to establish tranquility
in the university and for the benefit of national security and helping
reforms to move on and also for the sake of up-coming national
entrance exams, the council requests all sitting-in students and nobel
people to refrain from any sitting-in and streets demonstrations until
july, 17th; thus providing enough time for negotiations to take place
between students and the officials.
council of sitting-in students once again makes the following
requests:
1.dismissal of commander of law enforcement forces, brigadier
general, lotfian who is responsible for the crimes committed in
university campus.
2.unconditional delegation of power of law enforcement forces to
the interior ministry
3.dismissal of pressure groups from all military and law
enforcement agencies.
4.public court hearings of those responsible for ordering and
executing of the crimes in the university campus.
5.turning over of the bodies of martyred students to the students
council for burial ceremonies and full security and protection
during the ceremonies.
6.full restitution of the prestige of university and the students
through apology from the supreme national security council (which has
been received to a certain extent) and other responsible officials.
7.removal the ban on salam daily publication
rz/hm
end
::irna 14/07/99 01:36

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 13 Jul 1999 23:01:14 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: US Demonstrations of Support and Protest for the Iranian Student
Movement

Azadi ye Andishe...... Hamishe.......
Hamishe.......!!!!

(Freedom of Reflection...... Always......
Always........!!!)
(Liberte de
Pense.......Toujours......Toujours......!!!)


Dear Friends,

The dictatorship has selected the repression of Our People rather than
helping the Iranians to reach
the Democracy.

We have all witnessed in the TV coverages; How armed barbarian forces having
for task to protect the Iranian citizens have decided to kill, beat and jail
the best of us.

Only a massive support and protest will avoid the arrested students to run
toward a sure death which
is the favorite solution of the islamic republic.

Please to check the listing below, spread the message, ask all your family
members and friends to partcipate, send us any comments or news about other
events and participate yourself...

Demonstrations and meetings organized in a commun action by several Iranian
Associations and Political Parties:


1) Los Angeles (CA/USA)

Thursday July 15th 1999, from 05:00 PM
Wilshire Blvd, in front of the Federal Building
Informations: (310) 828-0404 and (818) 704-9825

Note: 1) The Continus Hunger Strike of the Iranian Mothers has already
started in front of this building since 7/13/1999

2) Based on CNN which will broadcast from the Federal
building, a crowd over
30,000 participants are expected to participate in this
demonstration
(Our Captive sisters and brothers having satellite dishes
in Iran can see the degree
of Your/International Support)

2) San Fransisco (CA/USA)

Thursday July 15th 1999, from 06:00 PM
Union Square
Information: (415) 673-4726

3) San Jose (CA/USA)

Thursday July 15th 1999, from 07:00 PM
Cesar Chavez Plaza, in front of Fairmont Hotel
Information: (650) 286-0101

Note: Gatherings have started from 7/13/99 and every evenings from
07:00 PM till 09:00 PM


4) Dallas (TX/USA)

Thursday July 15th 1999,

From 07:00 PM till 09:00 PM
Golden Room of Fairmont Hotel
Ackard Avenue (Down Town)

Note: A silent march with canddle will start after the hotel's meeting
toward the Kennedy Memorial (Down Town) in order to
pocession.

5) Washington (DC/USA)

Saturday July 17th, 1999, from 03:00 PM
George Washington University-Marvin center
Jonction of " I " and 20th street
Informations: (301) 365-7277 and (703) 319-1807.

Note: After a meeting of one hour, the participants will start a
protest march toward the
UN office of Washington located in avenue " K "

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 13 Jul 1999 23:10:44 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Amnesty Int.: (7/13/99) Student demonstrators- Fear for Safety

* News Release Issued by the International Secretariat of Amnesty
International *

PUBLIC AI Index: MDE 13/16/99

13 July 1999

Further information on UA 160/99 (MDE 13/15/99, 9 July 1999) - Fear for
safety

IRAN Student demonstrators


Student demonstrations that began on 8 July 1999 have now entered their
sixth day. There has been official confirmation of the death of a theology
student, Mohammad Javad Farhangi-Bostanabadi, in Tabriz on 11 July, although
according to information received by Amnesty International at least five
people have been killed.

The demonstrations in Tehran have continued, and there have been similar
demonstrations and clashes in the cities of Shiraz, Rasht, Tabriz and
Esfahan, where injuries have also been reported. On 12 July police
reportedly fired tear-gas canisters into crowds near Vali-ye Asr Square,
close to Tehran University, where local residents had reportedly joined the
demonstration to support the students. The police are also said to have
beaten, kicked and punched demonstrators, and on 13 July, plain-clothes
police reportedly fired in the air to disperse the crowd.

According to reports, the students have been demanding the release of
students arrested during the demonstrations.

Please continue action as specified in the original UA:


{ 7/09/1999 statement UA 160/99 RECOMMENDED ACTION:
Please send telegrams/faxes/express/airmail letters in
English or your own language:

-seeking urgent clarification of the whereabouts and legal status of those
students arrested, and assurances that those detained will be humanely
treated;

- urging the authorities to guarantee the safety and security of all
students on university campuses;

-urging the authorities to investigate the killings and serious attacks and
to bring to justice all those found responsible;

-reminding the government of Iran of its commitment to the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, in particular Article 3: "Everyone has the
right to life, liberty and security of person". }

APPEALS TO:

1)Leader of the Islamic Republic
His Excellency Ayatollah Sayed 'Ali Khamenei
The Presidency, Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: Ayatollah Khamenei, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

2)President
His Excellency Hojjatoleslam val Moslemin Sayed Mohammad Khatami
The Presidency, Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: President Khatami, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

3)Head of Judiciary
His Excellency Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdi
Ministry of Justice
Park-e Shahr, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: Head of the Judiciary, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

COPIES TO:
Minister of Foreign Affairs
His Excellecy Kamal Kharrazi
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sheikh Abdolmajid Keshk-e Mesri Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Mr Mohammad Hassan Zia'i-Far
Secretary, Islamic Human Rights Commission
PO Box 13165-137
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Faxes: + 98 21 204 0541

and to diplomatic representatives of Iran accredited to your country.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 24 August 1999.

ENDS.../

Amnesty International, International Secretariat, 1 Easton Street,
WC1X 8DJ, London, United Kingdom

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 13 Jul 1999 23:55:02 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/NY Times: Iran Protests Spread to 18 Cities; Police Crack Down at
University

July 13, 1999


Iran Protests Spread to 18 Cities; Police Crack Down at University

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----

Related Article

Iran Convenes Security Council as Students Protest Police Crackdown (July
11)
Despite Police Dismissals, Iran Protest Is the Angriest Yet (July 12)
Map

Iran from Microsoft Encarta Concise Encyclopedia
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----

By ELAINE SCIOLINO

EHERAN, Iran -- The most widespread and sustained protests since Iran's
revolution two decades ago spread throughout the country Monday, while
security police and their vigilante supporters moved to crush pro-democracy
student demonstrators outside Teheran University.

Students demonstrated in 18 cities and towns, including major cosmopolitan
cities like Tabriz, Shiraz and Isfahan and more traditional cities like
Mashad and Yazd, Iran's official news agency reported.

Wielding batons and lobbing tear gas canisters, the security forces emptied
Teheran University Monday evening in a campaign to crush the demonstrations.
In Teheran, students who had gathered inside the gates of the sprawling
university complex in the heart of the capital fainted from tear gas that
could be smelled more than a mile away.

"Filthy swine! Filthy swine!" one red-faced student screamed over and over
from inside the cramped quarters of one of the caged-in vehicles. "Jerk!"
yelled another. Others yelled obscenities that are seldom heard in public in
Iran.

One woman, wrapped in the all-encompassing black chador, cursed the clergy
with obscenities. A number of people were injured and received assistance
from health personnel in a blood transfusion truck and passersby.

Dozens of injured students were taken to the campus mosque for treatment,
and a parade of ambulances streamed in and out of the campus as a voice on a
loudspeaker called all medical students to help. Students set a huge bonfire
to try to neutralize the tear gas, one witness said.

The vigilantes, fervent revolutionaries who serve as volunteers for the
regime, carried cables, chains and batons as they emerged from the
government-owned buses that parked near the university, the witness said.
The students had intended to stage an all-night sit-in, but by midnight,
most of them had left the campus.

The demonstrations -- and the crackdown -- reflect a deep struggle over the
course of Iran's revolution. Students are impatient with the slow pace of
reforms promised by President Mohammed Khatami. The students are not calling
for a change in the Islamic system of government, rather for a quickening of
the movement towards democracy and the rule of law.

On the other side are the diehard Islamic revolutionaries, some of them in
positions of power, some of them veterans of Iran's long war with Iraq, who
take their lead from Iran's Supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, and
believe that the country's moves towards democracy are a betrayal of
revolutionary purism.

Khatami does not control the police and security forces, who have enraged
and frightened many Iranians by a campaign of intimidation that included the
murders of prominent intellectuals as well as political attacks on Khatami's
allies in the government.

The demonstrations and the crackdowns do not mean that Iran's Islamic
Republic is in jeopardy. "We should not assume that this movement could turn
into a revolution," said an editorial Monday in the reformist newspaper,
Neshat. "It's neither nor possible nor desirable."

The five days of rage were sparked by the passage by Iran's parliament of a
tough new press law and by the closure of Salam, a popular left-leaning
Islamic newspaper.

Security forces and vigilantes stormed a dormitory at Teheran University on
Thursday night and beat students as they slept, pushing some from second-
and third-story windows. Although the official death toll stood at two,
Iran's newspapers, quoting students, claimed that between five and eight
students had died.

As striking as the extent of the protests throughout the country is the form
they are taking. Until now, criticisms of Ayatollah Khamenei, who is in
charge of the armed forces, the security and intelligence apparatus, and
radio and television, were made privately. Now the criticism of Khamenei,
who lacks the religious credentials of his predecessor, the Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini, and has resisted any embrace of reform, has burst into
the open.

In an effort to calm the highly charged atmosphere, Khamenei on Monday
delivered an emotional speech condemning the attack by security forces on a
dormitory last week after the first protests. He spoke to a hand-picked
crowd of thousands in a cavernous hall reserved solely for his use.

"This bitter incident has broken my heart," he said in the speech, which was
broadcast on both radio and television. He added that it was un-Islamic to
enter the private spaces of individuals.

In a stunning acknowledgment that some of the demonstrators had turned
against him, he added, "Even if things make you angry and they condemn me,
even if they set fire to my picture, remain silent. Take no action until the
day that the country needs it!"

Men and women in the crowd moaned and wept loudly.

In his speech he said, "The greatest dream and honor for me is that I give
my life in this honorable, glorious magnificent path" -- a statement the
security forces and the vigilantes may have interpreted as a message that
they should risk their lives instead.

Khamenei also blamed "enemies," including the United States, for the attack
on the dormitory. Over and over, the crowd chanted "Death to America."

But at the university, there was no crying for the ayatollah. When a speaker
tried to read the text of Khamenei's speech, the crowd booed.
"Commander-in-chief resign!" and "Down with the dictator," they chanted.

There were posters of President Khatami but none of Ayatollah Khamenei,
whose photographs and portraits dominate public buildings, shops and
landscapes throughout Iran along with those of his predecessor.

Khatami called on students to exercise restraint, saying in a meeting with
education officials, "students should cooperate with the government and
allow law and order to be established in society."


In another incident Monday, uniformed and plainclothes security police and
anti-riot police protected by shields and helmets clashed with several
hundred student protesters. The police rounded up dozens of students in
Valiasr Square, one of Teheran's busiest intersections, beating some of them
and forcing them into cages mounted on the back of pickup trucks.

The crackdown came after a police car and two police motorcycles were set on
fire, apparently by students, one witness said.

Stone-throwing students smashed storefront windows. Many shopkeepers pulled
down the gates of their stores both to prevent looting and to get a closer
look at the action in the streets. Police froze traffic just before rush
hour. Helicopters kept watch overhead. Security police roamed among the
thousands of people gathered in the square arresting suspicious-looking
young people and rounding up photographers to prevent them from taking
pictures.

Throughout the day at the university, students stood up on a makeshift dais
near the law school and one after one explained their views and stated their
demands. Among them are the creation of a national day of mourning in memory
of the students who were killed, the holding of a public trial for the
people who ordered and carried out the dormitory attack, and the return of
the bodies of those killed.

One speaker in a black shirt criticized the lack of organization. "We have
to have a plan and a leader," said the man, who, like the other speakers,
did not identify himself. "We have to find out which of our friends have
been killed, and who they are."

Another speaker called for the execution of the perpetrators of last
Thursday's dormitory attack.

A number of student organizers said they believed that the all-day open
microphone was a trap set by infiltrators in their midst who both tried to
provoke the students into more radical action and ended up being part of
Monday night's crackdown. One speaker said that some in the crowd were
offering razor blades to students who might want to use violence.

"It was very strange that the students were allowed to speak so freely," he
said. "The whole thing is too suspicious."

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 01:25:11 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/Reuters: Iran's Khamenei tells militia to crush unrest

Iran's Khamenei tells militia to crush unrest

By Jonathan Lyons


TEHRAN, July 14 (Reuters) - Iran's supreme leader has given free reign to
the
Islamic youth militia Basij to crush the violent rioting which followed a
week of pro-democracy student unrest.

``My Basij children must reserve the necessary readiness and be present at
any scene they are needed to intimidate and crush the base enemies,''
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said in a message to the nation late on Tuesday.

``It has been two days now that a group of bandits, aided by certain
bankurpt
political grouplets, and with the support and encouragement of foreign
enemies, have engaged in destroying public property throughout Tehran,
creating havoc and intimidating the people,'' the leader said.

His remarks came on the eve of a big unity rally, backed by a broad range of
establishment forces, including the cabinet of moderate President Mohammad
Khatami.

``At 1030 a.m. (0600 GMT) all over the country there will be rallies in
support of supreme clerical rule,'' announced the Islamic Propagation
Office,
controlled by the leader.

The Tehran University students who led the original, peaceful, protests last
week said they would not attend Wednesday's rally. But they also distanced
themselves from the rioting of Monday and Tuesday which resulted in the most
violent street scenes in the country since the aftermath of the 1979 Islamic
revolution.

On Tuesday, students and supporters fought pitched battles with security
forces and hardline vigilantes in the centre of the capital Tehran. The
commercial district around the bazaar, the focal point for much of Iran's
domestic economy, closed as demonstrators approached.

State radio said the bazaar would close on Wednesay to encourage people to
attend the rally outside Tehran University, scene of almost a week of
pro-democracy unrest that turned increasingly violent.

Rally organisers are counting on a massive crowd to counter six days of
violent protests that escalated into running street battles with security
forces and vigilantes.

Khatami said late on Tuesday the riots threatened Iran's national security
and his government's reformist policies. He said what started out as a
peaceful student protest last Thursday had degenerated into a riot led by
people with ``evil aims.''

``They intend to foster violence in society, and we shall stand in their
way... We take the security of our country and our citizens very
seriously,''
Khatami told state television.

Security forces and armed Islamic vigilantes took control of most of central
Tehran late on Tuesday after confronting protesters. Defence Minister Ali
Shamkhami cautioned against any new disturbances: ``We will enforce security
at any price.''

There was little sign of opposition as Basij members and Islamic vigilantes
triumphantly patrolled deserted streets with guns drawn.

``We donate to the leader the blood in our veins,'' they chanted in
reference
to Khamenei. Some protesters had chanted unprecedented slogans against
Khamenei, who is generally above public criticism.

Security forces earlier shot into the air and fired tear gas at angry
demonstrators who defied a state ban on protests. Hundreds of protesters had
tried to force the iron gates of the interior ministry, which controls the
police, as the riots moved away from the university, scene of daily protests
against a police and vigilante attack during a peaceful rally last week.

The crisis has shaken the Islamic republic and put pressure on Khatami,
elected in 1997 with wide student support, to accelerate promised reforms in
the face of strong challenges from powerful conservative clerical opponents.

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Jul 1999
************************************