Date: Jul 15, 1999 [ 14: 3: 9]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 14 Jul 1999 to 15 Jul 1999 - Special issue

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 14 Jul 1999 to 15 Jul 1999 - Special issue
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There are 12 messages totalling 1222 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

1. Fwd: Eyewitness account from Tehran (3)
2. Fwd: Who is ...
3. Iran hunts protest leaders
4. Iran: Press Digest
5. [Fwd: The statement of Grouh Towhidi Defae az Mostazafan]
6. Iran/AP: Iran Protesters Dragged Away
7. Iran/Washington Post: Voices of Iran
8. Iran/NY Times: Turning Tables in Iran, Crowds Back Old Line
9. Iran/BBC:
10. New statements regarding the recent events
11. Fwd: Statement by United Student Front
12. Fwd: Eyewitness account from Tehran (4)

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Date: Thu, 15 Jul 1999 04:56:50 EDT
From: KPGBT@AOL.COM
Subject: Fwd: Eyewitness account from Tehran (3)

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Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 10:11:57 -0700 (PDT)
From: Payman Arabshahi <payman@neda.com>
To: iran-news@arash.neda.com
Subject: Eyewitness account from Tehran (3)
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Name withheld.

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1999 04:24:14 -0500 (CDT)
Subject: News

...

I don't know what you have read in the news. I will
write what I guess you can't find in the US or Europe.

After Mr. Khatami and Khamenei's speeches the day before
yesterday, I though everyone will calm down. I had the
impression that in Iran, one is either pro-Khatami or
pro-Khamenei and since both have asked people to avoid
violence, the city will be calm. Much to my surprise,
that was not the case. Yesterday I got a taxi to Sharif
University at around 11 am.

(to avoid traffic, the driver was driving in a street a
block south to Karimkhan St.)

When we got to Vali-Asr street, a block south of
Vali-asr square, we saw many people scattered here and
there. It was as if they intended to take part in a
demonstration which was cancelled, and now they were
waiting to see what happens (maybe to start the rally?).
The driver told me that he hasn't seen the streets of
Tehran after revolution like this.

The people could not be branded as students or any
particular groups. All classes of people could be
found, again, noticeable number of women and girls.

On Vesal and Kehavarz Blvds, I saw about 200-300 people
chanting angrily. I couldn't hear the slogans. They were
mostly young, but again could not be branded as
students.

When we got to Kargar street (Amir Abad), it was a real
mess. From Enghelab sq. to the Blvd, people were in the
street (again, scattered). They have put cardboards on
fire here and there. Only one car was driving northbound
on Kargar which had difficulty going straight as he had
to avoid the fire in the street. I saw only anti-riot
police. Some had guns as well.

I believe Enghelaab street was closed as we were
experiencing a heavy traffic in the nearby streets.
Sharif University was calm (as always!!!).

A few hours later, I heard from people that banks in
Enghelaab were set on fire by people. In different
squares (Vali-Asr, Enghelaab, Baharestaan) people have
set cars on fire and police has fired bullets. The chaos
has gone south to Jomhouri st. and Bazar. There were no
economic activities yesterday. Banks in Bazar were set
on fire.

* * *

Two friends told me that today morning, on their way to
work they saw herds of Sepaahi and Basiji with guns in
the streets. They had heavy chains as well...

Reza took part in the rally today. He said he didn't see
anyone with any sort of guns (as he says, cold or warm!)
around the rally. He said that the slogans were not
mo-har-rek [agitating]the most mohar-rek one was "down
with Mohaareb". They didn't target any groups.

On the way back he went to Amir Abad and said he didn't
see any Sepaahi, Entezaami, etc. there as well. The
street was calm. People had come to see.

Today, from the government, only the minister of
Education and Roads & Transportation took part in the
rally. (it was announced in the rally). Yazdi didn't
take part either, but Nategh Nouri did.

Today, cellular phones don't work in Tehran...

* * *

some more (I wasn't eyewitness, heard from different
people):

2-3 days ago, students found one among them (dressed
like them) and found tear gas in his socks. He later was
identified as a member of Ansaar.

This was said by one in Gharaar-gaah Saa-rallah
(Sarallah headquarters - branch of Sepah in charge of
Tehran crisis). Daftar Tahkim [office for consolidation
of unity] had issued a statement asking people to take
part in a demonstration in Azadi square after
Esteghlal-Perspolis game. Sepaah intervened and stopped
all Tahkim's buses and returned them. The Sepahis had
used very harsh and intimidating warnings to force them
to return. The day after, Daftar Tahkim announced that
some groups had announced fakely on our behalf asking
for a demonstration. We prevented it.

(I saw myself:)
The news (1st channel) announced last night that an
interview with a member of Daftar Tahkim is to be
broadcasted after the news. The only part they showed
(less than 5 minutes of the interview was aired) was
Daftar Tahkim's support for today's rally in favor of
Rahbar's speech. It was appearant that they cut his
answer to the question.

The TV, didn't even mention the resignation of Mo'in
(goes back to the first days of the crisis).

(word of mouth:)
People in yesterday's demonstrations had electric
batons.

(word of mouth:)
Lotfian (head of the police) has claimed that the night
of the attack, he had beed trying to contact Mousavi
Lari, but he didn't get any reply from him for hours.
Meanwhile, three people were killed.



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Date: Thu, 15 Jul 1999 07:52:25 EDT
From: KPGBT@AOL.COM
Subject: Fwd: Who is ...

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Subject: Who is ...
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Who Is the Supporter of Violence?
TEHRAN TIMES POLITICAL DESK
TEHRAN -- It seems that a number of newspapers who claim to be the supporters of President Khatami oppose violence. The same papers condemn other groups and newspapers for fanning the flames of violence.

A quick look at some of the stories which appeared in some of these newspapers Wednesday will clear whether they really oppose violence. It will also show if they care for national interests. The Persian daily Khordad began its story on the riots which paralyzed parts of the capital on Tuesday with the demonstrations of Ansar Hezbullah not with the vandalization of the rioters.

Neshat said, unfortunately despite the insight and warning of the political groups, the emergence of some uncontrolled sentiments and lack of realization of proper opportunity as well as uncalculated demands disturbed the security and tranquility.

What Neshat tries to say is: the demands of the rioters were basically appropriate, but time was not ripe for emphasizing on them. It should be borne in mind that some of the demands of the rioters were in clear contravention with the letter and spirit of the Constitution.

The Persian daily Sobh Emruz in its editorial accused the Law Enforcement Forces and Ansar Hezbullah of being behind the riots, while President Khatami in his recent televised statement said that anti-revolutionary elements were behind the riots.

An English newspaper, Iran News on Tuesday said in its headline: "New Clashes Break Out Between Police, People in Tehran." In fact Monday's clashes broke out between police and rioters not people.

In another story which appeared on the page of Iran News, the daily termed the rioters as pro-democracy students. Without condemning the interference of other countries in Iran's internal affairs, the daily said, "International Backing Grows for Reformist Iranian President.

" The backing of three countries mentioned by the daily was not backing of Khatami, but the expression of their support for the rioters. The Foreign Minister of President Khatami condemned such interventions in Iran's internal affairs.



--------------------
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
<HTML><HEAD>
<META content="text/html; charset=windows-1252" http-equiv=Content-Type>
<META content="MSHTML 5.00.2314.1000" name=GENERATOR>
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<BODY bgColor=#ffffff>
<DIV><!?><FONT size=2><!?><FONT face="Times New Roman"><!?><A name=pol001><!?><IMG align=right
src="http://www.tehrantimes.com/today/images/0715-10.jpg"></A><!?><FONT
face=Arial><I><B><FONT size=+3>Who Is the Supporter of Violence?</FONT></B>
<P></I><I><B><FONT color=#007700 face="zurich xcn bt" size=2>TEHRAN TIMES
POLITICAL DESK</FONT></B></I><BR>TEHRAN -- It seems that a number of newspapers
who claim to be the supporters of President Khatami oppose violence. The same
papers condemn other groups and newspapers for fanning the flames of
violence.<BR><BR>A quick look at some of the stories which appeared in some of
these newspapers Wednesday will clear whether they really oppose violence. It
will also show if they care for national interests. The Persian daily Khordad
began its story on the riots which paralyzed parts of the capital on Tuesday
with the demonstrations of Ansar Hezbullah not with the vandalization of the
rioters.<BR><BR>Neshat said, unfortunately despite the insight and warning of
the political groups, the emergence of some uncontrolled sentiments and lack of
realization of proper opportunity as well as uncalculated demands disturbed the
security and tranquility.<BR><BR>What Neshat tries to say is: the demands of the
rioters were basically appropriate, but time was not ripe for emphasizing on
them. It should be borne in mind that some of the demands of the rioters were in
clear contravention with the letter and spirit of the Constitution.<BR><BR>The
Persian daily Sobh Emruz in its editorial accused the Law Enforcement Forces and
Ansar Hezbullah of being behind the riots, while President Khatami in his recent
televised statement said that anti-revolutionary elements were behind the
riots.<BR><BR>An English newspaper, Iran News on Tuesday said in its headline:
"New Clashes Break Out Between Police, People in Tehran." In fact Monday's
clashes broke out between police and rioters not people.<BR><BR>In another story
which appeared on the page of Iran News, the daily termed the rioters as
pro-democracy students. Without condemning the interference of other countries
in Iran's internal affairs, the daily said, "International Backing Grows for
Reformist Iranian President.<BR><BR>" The backing of three countries mentioned
by the daily was not backing of Khatami, but the expression of their support for
the rioters. The Foreign Minister of President Khatami condemned such
interventions in Iran's internal
affairs.<BR></P></FONT></FONT></FONT></DIV></BODY></HTML>


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------------------------------

Date: Thu, 15 Jul 1999 11:50:51 -0306
From: Mehran Sam <msam@HMS.HARVARD.EDU>
Subject: Iran hunts protest leaders

Thursday, July 15, 1999 Published at 11:05 GMT 12:05 UK

http://www.payvand.com/news/

World: Middle East

Iran hunts protest leaders

Hardline supporters called for "death to counter-revolutionaries"

Iranian authorities are conducting extensive efforts to arrest and
punish the pro-reform activists they suspect of being behind the
recent unrest in Tehran.

Units of the Revolutionary Guards and the
Basij Islamic militia have been deployed in
sensitive areas in the capital, including near
Tehran University, where the most serious
challenges to the Islamic authorities were
voiced.

Hundreds of arrests have taken place since
students from the university took to the streets last week, according to
the human rights group Amnesty International.
The group says the whereabouts of one student leader, Maryam
Shansi, were not known after her arrest on Tuesday. She was attacked
and beaten at her home by unknown assailants on Monday, the group
said.

Amnesty also says it has reports that at least five people
have been
killed, and dozens injured, while many well-known student
activists
are reported to have gone into hiding.

(Click here to see a map of Tehran showing the demonstration
area)

In a massive official rally on Wednesday, hundreds of
thousands of
supporters of Iran's hardline Islamic rulers reclaimed the
streets of the
capital from the reform movement, in a massive official rally.

Deputy Parliamentary Speaker Hasan Rowhani told the crowd that
those arrested for sabotage and destroying state property
during the
student protests would face the death penalty.

His remarks were greeted with shouts of approval and chants
of "Death
to counter-revolutionaries".

Iran's elected president, Mohammad Khatami, who shares many of
the students' aims, condemned the violence, which broke out on
Monday and Tuesday after four days of mainly peaceful
demonstrations.

Campus deserted


University hostels were almost
deserted on Thursday, with less than
200 students from out of town
remaining amid the debris of the
unrest.

The student council at Tehran
University has said it will refrain
from hold further protests for the
time being.

"We still await definitive information
from the government on the student
martyrs and the whereabouts of their
bodies," a student spokesman told
journalists.

The students also say they are not
backing down on their central
demands, the sacking of the police chief, the trial of two
senior
officers already sacked and the re-opening of the reformist
newspaper
whose closure triggered the unrest.

On Tuesday, demonstrators and security forces fought running
street
battles in several parts of Tehran, a day after the city's
governor
banned demonstrations and after Mr Khatami said they should
stop.

In an address on Tuesday night, the president said some of the
protesters arrested that day had not been students, but were
people
with "ill intentions".


The unrest began after the closure
of the liberal Salam newspaper last
week and the introduction of new
legislation to curb Iran's free press.

A week ago hardline vigilantes
backed by police officers assaulted
students who had been
demonstrating against those
measures.

The intervention was sharply
criticised by Mr Khatami and his
supporters, and even the hardline
Islamic authorities.

Newspapers have enjoyed relative
freedom since the president's
election in 1997, but have come
under mounting pressure from
hardliners in recent months.

Iran's youth are a driving force for
change. Their voice has been
gaining strength - more than half the population have grown
up since
the revolution.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 15 Jul 1999 11:59:21 -0306
From: Mehran Sam <msam@HMS.HARVARD.EDU>
Subject: Iran: Press Digest

PRESS DIGEST - Iran - July 15
10:27 a.m. Jul 15, 1999 Eastern

- Supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei orders a
clampdown on unrest, telling
the Basij militia to ``terrify and crush the
wicked enemies.''

IRAN DAILY

- President Mohammad Khatami appointed Hossein
Nassiri, a former presidential
adviser who earlier headed the official news
agency IRNA, to run Iran's free trade
zones. Nassiri replaced Morteza Alviri, who took
over as Tehran's mayor last
month.

IRAN NEWS

- The Iranian foreign ministry summoned Turkey's
charge d'affaires over
``irresponsible'' remarks by Turkish Prime
Minister Bulent Ecevit who described
the recent unrest in Iran as a natural reaction
to an oppressive regime.

EMROOZ

- A leading pro-Khatami leftist Islamic group
cautioned of an imminent coup
against his government by hardliners following
the recent unrest.

HAMSHAHRI

- The all-share index on the Tehran Stock
exchange closed the week to Wednesday
at 1737.98 points, up from 1730.71 last week.

- The Iranian rial fell to 9,430 rials per U.S.
dollar on the black market on
Wednesday, compared to 9,230 a week earlier. On
the stock exchange, the rial's
floating rate was 7,951 per dollar. The floating
rate is used to exchange the hard
currency earnings of exporters at state banks.

ARYA

- Tehran's mobile phone network closed down on
Wednesday, leaving more than
250,000 users handicapped. Authorities would not
comment on the closure, but
many residents believe the system was shut for
security reasons following social
unrest.


Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited. All rights
reserved. Republication and
redistribution of Reuters content is expressly
prohibited without the prior
written consent of Reuters. Reuters shall not be
liable for any errors or delays in
the content, or for any actions taken in
reliance thereon.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 15 Jul 1999 18:35:50 +0100
From: "a.abdi" <a.abdi@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: [Fwd: The statement of Grouh Towhidi Defae az Mostazafan]

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