Date: Jul 21, 1999 [ 0: 0: 1]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 19 Jul 1999 to 20 Jul 1999

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 19 Jul 1999 to 20 Jul 1999
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There are 4 messages totalling 374 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Request for Permission to Re-Post on ERC Web Site Amir Entezam -
Tabarzadi Declaration and some similar items
2. Fwd: IRGC THREATENS COUP
3. Fwd: Presidential office: IRGC commanders' open letter top secret
4. Fwd: Flashback - Manuchehr Mohammadi

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Tue, 20 Jul 1999 09:41:35 -0700
From: "Alan F. Fogelquist" <eurasia@CONCENTRIC.NET>
Subject: Request for Permission to Re-Post on ERC Web Site Amir Entezam -
Tabarzadi Declaration and some similar items

I would like to request permission from the DNI to display the Amir Entezam
and Tabarzadi statement and some similar documents on the Eurasia Research
Center web site so that they are accessible to visitors to the ERC web site
and so that the broader public gets exposure to recent Iranian events. I
would also like to post a few of the reports that were sent from Iran about
the recent student events and the general atmosphere in Iran these days on
the ERC web site. On any such posted materials I would include recognition
that the materials were obtained through the DNI list and include a link to
the DNI web site. There are special sections of the ERC web site dedicated
to Iran. I do not intend or wish to place on the web any of the copyrighted
materials from news agencies like AP, Reuter, AFP, or various newspapers,
only a limited number of press releases, and statements on the current
situation by various human rights or pro-democracy organizations plus a few
of the recent reports from Iran about recent events.

Thanks in advance for any consideration you see fit to give this request.

Best wishes to you and keep up the excellent work on behalf of human rights
and democracy in Iran. (I voted for DNI as Iranian of the Year in the "The
Iranian" survey last year. Khatami won, but I still think you deserved the
recognition.)

Alan F. Fogelquist, Ph. D.
Eurasia Research Center

http://eurasianews.com/erc/homepage.htm

-----Original Message-----
From: DNI news list [mailto:DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG] On Behalf Of aryopirouznia
Sent: Monday, July 19, 1999 1:54 PM
To: DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG
Subject: [DNI-NEWS] The Join Statement of Abbas Amir Entezam and
Heshmatollah Tabarzadi issued on 7/12/99 from the Evin Prison
Importance: High

>From Evin Political Prison in Tehran/Iran

Abbas Amir-Entezam and Heshmatollah Tabarzadi July 12, 1999
Statement in Support of the Pro-Democracy Student Movement

.

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Date: Tue, 20 Jul 1999 15:21:22 EDT
From: KPGBT@AOL.COM
Subject: Fwd: IRGC THREATENS COUP

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Date: Tue, 20 Jul 1999 10:24:49 -0700 (PDT)
From: Payman Arabshahi <payman@neda.com>
To: iran-news@arash.neda.com
Subject: IRGC THREATENS COUP
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ran's Revolutionary Guards denounce Khatami

TEHRAN, July 20 (AFP) - Iran's Revolutionary Guards denounced
President Mohammad Khatami in an open letter Tuesday, saying they
were losing patience with democracy that was turning the Islamic
republic into "anarchy."
In an unprecedented published letter to the reformist president,
24 senior commanders of the elite Guards lashed out at his "lax"
handling of last week's student protests that erupted into deadly
clashes with security forces.
"How long do we have to be subjected to this trial run of
democracy, which has turned into anarchy and puts the Islamic regime
at risk?" wrote the Guards, threatening to take matters into their
own hands.
"How long do we have to stand by idly watching, with extreme
sadness, what is happening in the country?" they said, boldly
signing their names and ranks to the letter.
The Guards harshly criticised student challenges to the
authority of supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who is also
commander-in-chief of the armed forces and whose word cannot be
questioned under Iranian law.
Students have demanded the security forces be removed from
Khamenei's direct control after police and Islamic hardliners
cracked down on a protest at Tehran university, sparking six days of
riots and unrest in the capital.
"Tomorrow will be too late," the commanders said, warning it
would be impossible not to act if Khatami did not take measures to
prevent further uprisings by students, who began demonstrating after
a pro-reform newspaper was closed down by a hardline court.
"Our reservoir of patience is running low. And if nothing is
done we could not accept that," they said.
The remarkable letter was the latest salvo in the fierce
political battle between pro-Khatami reformists and the regime's
hardliners and conservatives who dominate Iran's judiciary and
parliament.
On Monday parliamentary speaker Ali Akbar Nateq-Nuri, in his
first public statement on the matter, congratulated Islamic militias
for joining security forces to crush the student rebellion.
He said on state television that they had undone the "foreign
plot" behind the riots, which were organised outside Iran "in
coordination with certain internal political factions and carried
out by illegal elements."
Since the outbreak of the violence Iranian authorities have
repeatedly accused foreign nations, notably the United States and
Turkey, of orchestrating the disturbances, the worst unrest here
since the aftermath of the 1979 Islamic revolution.
State television on Monday broadcast a brief and heavily-edited
confession from student leader Manushehr Mohammadi, whom the
intelligence ministry said was one of the key figures behind the
unrest.
The well-known dissident looked puffy-faced and weary as he
admitted having contact with outlawed political parties and holding
extensive meetings with unnamed groups and people in the United
States and Turkey.
The intelligence ministry has accused Mohammadi of taking direct
orders from foreign nations to foment "political and social crisis"
and coordinating his activities with a "counter-revolutionary agent"
in Turkey.
Conviction as a "counter-revolutionary" in Iran usually carries
the death sentence.
One person was killed and three others wounded in the Tehran
violence, with a second person killed in the provinces, according to
official figures.
Newspaper reports said five people were killed in Tehran and
dozens wounded, many of whom they said were later abducted from
hospital by the secret police.


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Date: Tue, 20 Jul 1999 17:37:02 EDT
From: KPGBT@AOL.COM
Subject: Fwd: Presidential office: IRGC commanders' open letter top secret

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Date: Tue, 20 Jul 1999 12:59:36 -0700 (PDT)
From: Payman Arabshahi <payman@neda.com>
To: iran-news@arash.neda.com
Subject: Presidential office: IRGC commanders' open letter top secret
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Presidential office: IRGC commanders' open letter top secret

Iran's Revolutionary Guards denounce Khatami, students claim coup bid


--
Presidential office: IRGC commanders' open letter top secret

tehran, july 20, irna -- following publication of an open letter to
president mohammad khatami monday, public relations office of the
residential office announced that the letter was classified as a "top
secret" document.
the letter signed by 24 commanders of the islamic revolution guards
corp (irgc) received by president khatami's office last tuesday, july 3,
with top secret classification, presidential public relations said in a
letter sent to irna.
president khatami responded to the letter in detail, on the same day,
describing different sectors' duties and functions and the reply letter
was sent to the irgc commander, the office said in its letter.
it further stressed that in different junctures during the sacred
defense (1980-88 iraqi imposed war) different figures and social groups,
including military and disciplinary forces, sent letters to the late imam
khomeini and other senior officials of the country and each cases received
relevant responses.
thus, it is quite normal for different strata of society, including
the respected commanders of the irgc, to send letters to president but
what is noteworthy is the publication of such a top secret letter by
certain segments of the press.
the letter of 24 senior commanders of the irgc to the president was
published in kayhan daily yesterday.


--
Iran's Revolutionary Guards denounce Khatami, students claim coup bid

TEHRAN, July 20 (AFP) - Iran's Revolutionary Guards denounced
President Mohammad Khatami in a letter published Tuesday, saying his
moves toward greater democracy were leading the Islamic republic
into "anarchy."
But Khatami said the "top secret" letter had been intended for
his eyes only, raising fresh suspicions of a political power
struggle as his student supporters claimed conservatives had staged
last week's riots to topple him.
"How long do we have to be subjected to this trial run of
democracy, which has turned into anarchy and puts the Islamic regime
at risk?" said 24 senior Guards commanders in the letter, which was
widely published in newspapers.
"How long do we have to stand by idly watching, with extreme
sadness, what is happening in the country?" they said, threatening
to take matters into their own hands.
"Our reservoir of patience is running low. And if nothing is
done we could not accept that," they said.
The president, in the midst of a vicious political battle over
his reform policies that has intensified since the riots, said the
letter had never been intended for publication.
In a statement to the official IRNA news agency, Khatami said it
was a "top secret" state document and fingered the conservative
Kayhan daily, which first released it on Monday, as responsible.
Pro-Khatami students added to the charges of political
maneuvering Tuesday, directly accusing conservatives of
orchestrating last week's violence in a bid to seize full control of
the government and drive him from office.
Leading pro-reform student group the Office of Consolidation and
Unity (OCU) said conservatives were trying to portray Khatami as a
powerless head of state and "bring reform to a dead-end."
It said the extent of damage from the unrest, which spread
quickly from Tehran university throughout the capital, showed
students could not possibly have been responsible.
"Everything was suspect from the beginning. From the extent of
the damage throughout Tehran and the speed with which it was carried
out, it could not possibly have been the work of students," OCU
spokesman Ali Afshari said.
"The way the riots spread into different neighbourhoods was
clearly the work of professionals," he said.
He said Khatami still had the full support of students and
warned it would be disastrous for the nation if conservatives
succeeded in blocking his reform initiatives, including an easing of
curbs on the press.
"Khatami is the last chance for the Islamic regime. His reform
program is the only way the Islamic republic can survive. If it
fails, future generations will turn to non-peaceful means to achieve
their goals," he said.
The unrest began after a hardline court closed down a popular
reform newspaper but the regime continued its press crackdown
Tuesday, arresting a top employee of another pro-Khatami daily.
A senior editor with the moderate Sobh-e-Emrouz paper was jailed
and charged with publishing an article "offensive to the Koran,"
IRNA said.
The arrest is the latest in a series of efforts to muzzle the
largely pro-Khatami media, the president's most effective
counterbalance against the conservative-dominated judiciary, police
and parliament.
At least three pro-Khatami papers have been closed down since
the beginning of the year and many others have had editors and
reporters arrested or dragged in for questioning before Iran's
revolutionary courts.
One day before the university protests, parliament approved
draft legislation that would send the most serious press offences
before hardline religious courts rather than to press tribunals as
in the past.


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Date: Tue, 20 Jul 1999 22:17:23 EDT
From: KPGBT@AOL.COM
Subject: Fwd: Flashback - Manuchehr Mohammadi

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Date: Tue, 20 Jul 1999 16:56:10 -0700 (PDT)
From: Payman Arabshahi <payman@neda.com>
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Subject: Flashback - Manuchehr Mohammadi
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(from one month ago!)

6-2-99: Iran News Press Review

ARYA * The daily reported that Manouchehr Mohammadi, the leader of the
National Union of Students (NUS), who was arrested last Tuesday during a
gathering in Tehran University and was released on Sunday, claimed that he
was tortured during his detention, and he was asked to sign confessions
that he was a spy and received money from foreigners for giving
information to them."


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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 19 Jul 1999 to 20 Jul 1999
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