Date: Jul 28, 1999 [ 0: 0: 0]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 26 Jul 1999 to 27 Jul 1999

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 26 Jul 1999 to 27 Jul 1999
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There are 8 messages totalling 339 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Iran students meet with supreme leader
2. Iranian conservative paper chiefs facing trial
3. Iranian paper lashes out at late Moroccan king
4. Iranian opposition leaders arrested over riots
5. Iran volunteer militia says force of 20 million planned
6. How Much Longer?
7. Violence agianst women in Iran
8. Iran/The Student Movement coordination Committee: Islamic Republic
Tortures Iranian Students And Dissidents

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Date: Tue, 27 Jul 1999 11:14:53 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iran students meet with supreme leader

TEHRAN, July 27 (AFP) - Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali
Khamenei has held a meeting with Tehran university students
following the bloody riots that erupted at the school, state radio
said Tuesday.
The students "asked the leader questions in a climate of
friendship and brotherhood" at Monday's meeting, the radio said,
adding Khamenei had "consoled" them and led the group in prayers.
It said "several" of the students wounded in the disturbances
were in attendance.
Iranian officials have said only three people were injured in
the riots, which broke out after a student protest over the closure
of a pro-reform newspaper was attacked by security forces and
Islamic hardliners.
Moderate newspapers said dozens were injured in the unrest,
which also left one person dead here, according to official
figures.
After the riots a student group, the Elected Council of Student
Protesters, demanded a personal meeting with Khamenei, who came
under unprecedented criticism during the demonstrations.
Protesters called for the security forces to be removed from his
control, a direct challenge to his authority that is illegal under
Iranian law.
Iran's intelligence ministry announced Monday that more students
and opposition leaders had been arrested in connection with the
unrest, adding that some who had been released would be re-arrested
at the end of the inquiry into the disturbances.
The unrest was the worst here since the aftermath of the 1979
Islamic revolution.

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 27 Jul 1999 11:23:41 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iranian conservative paper chiefs facing trial

TEHRAN, July 26 (AFP) - Two conservative Iranian newspaper
chiefs were brought into court for questioning Monday after
publishing a letter from senior military commanders charging Iran
was descending into "anarchy."
Mohammad Shariatmadari, manager of the hardline Kayhan daily,
and Mohammad Mehdi Mazahi, director of the conservative Javan paper,
were summoned over the letter from 24 commanders of the elite
Revolutionary Guards, the official IRNA news agency said.
The letter was addressed to President Mohammad Khatami, who said
it was "top secret," putting its publication in violation of the
press code.
IRNA said Shariatmadari would face trial next month but gave no
further details on the two cases.
The case of a third conservative paper which published the
letter, Jomhuri Eslami, will be referred to a religious court
because its director is a cleric, IRNA said.
The letter was reportedly dated July 13, when Tehran was in the
midst of bloody riots that pitted security forces and Islamic
hardliners against students protesting the closure of a leading
pro-Khatami paper, Salam.
The Guards denounced Khatami's "lax" handling of the recent
Tehran riots and his moves to liberalise Iranian society.
"How long do we have to be subjected to this trial run of
democracy, which has turned into anarchy and puts the Islamic regime
at risk?" wrote the Guards.
The commander of the Guards issued a statement Friday in defence
of Khatami but the letter, later reprinted in the moderate press,
has set off fresh charges and counter-charges from the regime's
battling political factions.
Khatami's declaration that the letter was confidential appeared
to be a strike back at political opponents, after Salam was closed
down for also publishing a "top secret" document.
Salam's director Mohammad Khoeinia was found guilty late Sunday
of libel, defamation, publishing lies and classified information and
insulting members after a one-day trial by a hardline special
religious court.
The verdict almost certainly paved the way for an indefinite
shutdown of his popular and outspoken Salam newspaper.

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 27 Jul 1999 11:24:18 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iranian paper lashes out at late Moroccan king

TEHRAN, July 26 (AFP) - A hardline Iranian paper on Monday
lashed out at Morocco's King Hassan II, who died Friday, for his
"dirty" role in relations between the Arab world and Israel.
The Jomhuri Eslami daily also attacked First Vice President
Hassan Habibi for attending the king's funeral in Rabat on Sunday,
which was attended by leaders from around the world.
"After years of secret dealings with Israel, the Moroccan king
tried to implicate other Arab leaders in his dirty scheming," said
Jomhuri Eslami, the only Iranian paper to criticise Habibi's
presence at the funeral.
In 1977, then Israeli foreign minister Moshe Dayan visited
Morocco in disguise to meet a top adviser of then Egyptian president
Anwar Sadat for secret talks that paved the way for the historic
Camp David peace agreement.
Iranian President Mohammad Khatami sent a message to Hassan's
son and sucessor, King Mohamed VI, expressing his condolences and
wishing "honor and success" for his new government.
Relations between Tehran and Rabat have improved in recent
years. Ties were strained when the shah briefly decamped to Morocco
after being toppled in the revolution.
Rabat also supported Iraq in the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war while
Iran has backed the Polisario Front against Morocco in its bid for
self-rule in Western Sahara.

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 27 Jul 1999 11:24:45 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iranian opposition leaders arrested over riots

TEHRAN, July 26 (AFP) - Four Iranian opposition leaders have
been arrested along with more students in connection with the recent
riots in Tehran, the intelligence ministry said Monday.
It said leading figures with the small opposition Iran People's
Party (IPP) -- Khosro Seif, Bahram Namazi, Farzin Mokhber and Mehran
Mir Abdol-Baghi -- were detained for their role in the unrest.
The four "instigated rioters to indulge in violent acts,"
shouted "insulting slogans" against Iran's religious leadership and
gave misleading accounts of events to foreign media, the ministry
said in a statement read on state radio.
The announcement confirmed reports from the opposition, who said
after the riots that the four had been detained.
The secular and nationalist IPP, tolerated by the regime in
principle, was founded in the 1960s by Dariush Foruhar, a dissident
writer who was assassinated last year along with his wife.
The ministry blamed his killing on a rogue intelligence officer
who committed suicide in May.
The ministry said a number of students had also been arrested,
among them leading activist Hassan Zareh-Zadeh, a student spokesman
whom it said played a "leading" role in the disturbances.
It also singled out the Council of Tehran University Students,
whose director Hesmatollah Tabarzadi was jailed in June after
authorities closed down his newspaper Hoviat Khish for publishing
"false and offensive" articles.
Student protests over the closure of a leading pro-reform
newspaper earlier this month sparked days of bloody clashes pitting
demonstrators against security forces and Islamic hardliners.

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 27 Jul 1999 11:25:09 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iran volunteer militia says force of 20 million planned

TEHRAN, July 26 (AFP) - Iran's volunteer Islamic Basiji militia
are making plans to expand their force to some 20 million troops or
virtually a third of the nation, the official IRNA news agency said
Monday.
Basiji commander-in-chief General Mohammad Hejazi told IRNA that
the plan is "awaiting final approval of relevant authorities" to
increase the size of its force from the estimated five million it
currently maintains.
Iran's population is just over 60 million.
He said the militia were still carrying out "programs in the
area of education and organization" to deal with "incidents inside
the country."
The Basiji were widely accused of beating student protesters
with clubs and chains during the recent six days of riots in the
Iranian capital.
The group denied the charges while Iranian officials repeatedly
thanked the Basiji and other irregular militia for helping to put
down the student unrest.
After the unrest armed Basiji groups maintained checkpoints
throughout the capital for several days, checking cars for Western
music, illegal socialising between unmarried men and women, and
other elements of "corruption."

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 27 Jul 1999 11:14:33 -0700
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi@US.ORACLE.COM>
Subject: How Much Longer?

Iran Daily
Tuesday, July 27, 1999


PERSPECTIVE


How Much Longer?

BY TAHER SAJJADI


Political observers believe that recent developments were
rooted in our below par national party politics and the
delays incurred in institutionalizing civil, tangible,
efficient, and progressive political organizations.

In fact, the historical lack of a viable political mode of
operation has invariably and convulsively left the society
in the dark. This ferment obviously threatens the yet
unborn.

The contemporary history of Iran reveals that prior to the
victory of the Islamic Revolution, the lack of clarity in
the political sphere and the general impotency of political
leaders, has consistently led to the failure of indigenous
freedom movements. At certain intervals, the incompetence
of the political system gave rise to the foreign inspired
disintegration of the country.

Today the predicament still lingers. The national question
remains how much longer should the society witness this
cycle of excruciating crises, emerging due to excessive
partisan cynicism? Will the malignant and protracted
debates, which only captivate the enemy's attention and
leave the general public cold and indifferent, cease after
all? Will our political activists ever come to terms with
the aftermath of ill-conceived stratagems? When will our
political leaders recognize they are merely hindering
national progress?

A review of the progressive systems worldwide makes clear
that development has been taking place more effectively and
rapidly in other countries. This is while we boast about
having the most superior religious-oriented lifestyle in
the world.

It is obvious that public opinion expects officialdom to be
as good as their words. The society at large understandably
wishes to experience a more practical and dynamic phase of
this much-discussed lifestyle. The most essential strategy
for the fulfillment of the general consensus can and must
be adopting a resolute measure against partial attitudes
and individual power struggles.

The society by no means agrees with the frittering away of
its resources. The unbridled clashes of political factions
with one another and the pursuit of violence and chaos in
the name of religion and freedom, has dramatically marred
national solidarity. In fact, the imprudence of the
domestic forces has practically brought about the dark
foreboding that national security is in jeopardy.

It is crucial that the leaders of the country strive for
steering the nation to tranquillity, stability and progress
in a manner more decisive than we have seen before.

Will officialdom carry out its tasks appropriately and in a
timely fashion? Will they passively await an unknown
destiny, not unheard of in the country's history and
therefore tempt others to determine the nation's fate?

(http://www.irna.com)

------------------------------

Date: Tue, 27 Jul 1999 23:34:14 +0100
From: "a.abdi" <a.abdi@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: Violence agianst women in Iran

There is a very good article in Iran Farsi, 28 July 1999, page 6, about
violence against women in Iran and the failure of the "perfect" Iranian
judiciary system in protecting women.

Asghar

------------------------------

Date: Wed, 28 Jul 1999 00:11:25 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: Iran/The Student Movement coordination Committee: Islamic Republic
Tortures Iranian Students And Dissidents

PRESS RELEASE

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:
July 27, 1999

Islamic Republic Tortures Iranian Students And Dissidents

The Islamic Republic continues its campaign of repression against Iranian
students and dissidents. After the student pro-democracy protests that
began
on July 8 at Tehran University, the Islamic Republic has killed numerous
students, injured hundreds of Iranians and imprisoned more than 1,400
protestors. The officials of the Islamic Republic have called the
imprisoned
students and dissidents "enemies of the regime and God." Therefore, the
lives of these Iranians, who have been attacked and imprisoned for
supporting
freedom and democracy, are in great danger.

The Islamic Republic has already shown the battered faces of some of the
imprisoned dissidents (Mr. Manouchehr Mohammadi and Mr. Gholam Reza
Mohajerinejad) on its television programs in what the regime refers to as
"confessions." The Islamic Republic routinely uses extreme torture to force
political prisoners to "confess" to crimes against the regime. After
obtaining such forced "confessions" under extreme duress, the Islamic
Republic usually executes the prisoners.

We call on everyone who cares about freedom, democracy and human rights to:

Condemn the brutal behavior of the Islamic Republic against the Iranian
people.

Support the demands of Iranians for freedom, democracy and human rights.

Pressure the Islamic Republic to stop torturing and executing political
prisoners, and allow the prisoners to see their families, lawyers and
doctors.

Pressure the Islamic Republic to release Manouchehr Mohammadi, Gholam Reza
Mohajerinejad, Maryam Shansi (Maloos Radnia), Abbas Amir-Entezam, Elahe
Amir-Entezam and all other political prisoners.

Return the bodies of Iranians who have been killed by the Islamic Republic
to
their families.

The Student Movement Coordination Committee for Democracy in Iran
Tehran/Iran

www.iran-daneshjoo.org

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 26 Jul 1999 to 27 Jul 1999
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