Date: Jul 31, 1999 [ 0: 0: 0]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 29 Jul 1999 to 30 Jul 1999

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 29 Jul 1999 to 30 Jul 1999
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There is one message totalling 85 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Former Iranian queen says Khatami should learn from shah's mistakes

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Date: Fri, 30 Jul 1999 11:19:13 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Former Iranian queen says Khatami should learn from shah's mistakes

Former Iranian queen says Khatami should learn from shah's mistakes By
Salah Nasrawi

CAIRO, Egypt (AP) - Iran 's former empress has advice for the troubled
Iranian president, drawn from lessons learned after her late husband was
toppled by Islamic revolutionaries 20 years ago.

"There is no real reform without broad political participation," says
Farah Pahlavi, widow of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

Iranian President Mohammad Khatami should deliver rather than just
promise reforms, Farah said in an interview with The Associated Press
while in Egypt to mark the 19th anniversary of her husband's death. The
shah died in Egypt at age 60, 1 1/2 years after leaving Iran .

Farah compared recent student protests in Iran to the rallies that led
to her husband's overthrow in 1979.

The shah could have saved his monarchy by allowing more political
freedoms in Iran , the former queen said Wednesday, admitting that her
husband made many mistakes during 38 years of rule.

His biggest errors, she said, were to overlook political participation
and ignore human rights abuses by his security forces during his quest
for modernization.

"If there was more political participation of parties and groups and a
better dialogue between Parliament and different factions, maybe this
would not have happened," she said, referring to the revolution that
installed the Islamic theocracy.

Khatami should avoid making these mistakes "by giving people what they
want."

"I believe that under Mr. Khatami there was some relative opening, but
more in words than in deeds because either he cannot or he doesn't have
the power to do so," she said.

The recent wave of protests began July 8 when students supporting
Khatami rallied peacefully against the closure of a reformist newspaper
by hard-liners.

Police and hard-line vigilantes stormed a Tehran University dormitory to
quell the demonstrations, sparking a political crisis that has since
threatened Khatami's presidency.

Khatami has largely relied on pro-reform students and intellectuals
during his two-year power struggle with hard-liners, who control the
security apparatus and vital government institutions.

The hard-liners have blamed exiled opposition groups, including
monarchists, of inciting the students.

An Iranian New Year message from Farah, published in a liberal Iranian
daily, caused an uproar among hard-liners in Iran and prompted the
closure of the paper, Zan.

But Farah, who keeps abreast of the situation by listening daily to the
news and reading e-mail from supporters, denied that her family played
any role in the recent unrest.

Her husband became king in 1941 after his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi,
abdicated under British pressure.

The couple left Iran on Jan. 16, 1979, as riots engulfed the country.
They wandered from one retreat to another - Egypt, Morocco, the Bahamas,
Mexico, the United States and Panama - unable to find a friendly host.

After his death, Farah decided never to remarry because "there was
nobody who could have replaced him," she said.

"And even if somebody could, it was never in my head. I didn't want to,"
she said.

Farah, 59, lives in France and the United States. She has four children;
the eldest, Reza, is a pretender to his father's throne.

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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 29 Jul 1999 to 30 Jul 1999
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