Date: Aug 6, 1999 [ 0: 0: 0]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 4 Aug 1999 to 5 Aug 1999

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 4 Aug 1999 to 5 Aug 1999
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There is one message totalling 78 lines in this issue.

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Date: Thu, 5 Aug 1999 09:19:06 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>

Human Rights Watch:

Televised Confessions Raise Concerns

(New York, August 3, 1999) The head of Tehran's Revolutionary Court stated on
August 2 that his office was investigating some of the students arrested
following demonstrations and peaceful protests earlier this month.Hojatoleslam
Rahbarpour said that the Revolutionary Court would move in particular against
persons whose statements "incited" or "fomented" recent "events," referring to
street demonstrations protesting a violent pre-dawn raid on a Tehran
dormitory, that left at least one dead and many injured and detained.

"When governments launch campaigns against 'incitement,' freedom of
is often the first casualty," said Hanny Megally, executive director of Human
Rights Watch's Middle East and North Africa division. "The Iranian
judiciary has been in the forefront of the campaign to stamp out dissent
and Iran's Revolutionary Courts are notorious for their disregard of basic
fair trial standards."

Revolutionary Court head Hojatoleslam Rahbarpour also confirmed that
approximately 1,500 students had been detained in the aftermath of the
dormitory raid and the large street demonstrations in Tehran and other
cities protesting that assault. He said that most had been "provisionally"
released. Student leaders in Tehran believe that between 200 and 600
students remain in detention.

On July 30, Human Rights Watch made public a list of seventy-seven detained or
missing persons, mostly students.

The July crackdown has also targeted non-violent political activists
outside of
the universities. Four members of the Iran Nation Party-Bahram Namazi, Khosro
Seif, Farzin Mokhber, and Mehran Abdolbaghi -- were picked up from their homes
on July 13. They and Rozbeh Farahanipour, a founder of the Marze Por Gohar
Party, remain in detention without charge. Their colleagues have told Human
Rights Watch that they were picked up after they had been seen distributing
leaflets at Tehran University. Among others also listed as detained in a
Ministry of Information statement are Saeed Rasoulian, Hajir Palaschi, Mohamed
Eghbal Kazerouni, and Elahé Amir Entezam. They were arrested separately
July 13 and July 15. The ministry statement did not specify any charges

In addition, four detained members of the National Association of Iranian
Students-Manouchehr Mohamedi, Gholam Reza Mohajeri-Nejad, Rahim Reza'i, and
Malous Radnia-have been accused in the official media of counter-revolutionary
activities and ties with the United States and Israel. The four have been kept
in incommunicado detention and allowed no access to legal counsel. On July 19,
authorities broadcast a tape showing Mohamedi, Mohajeri-Nejad, and Reza'i
appearing to "confess" on television to these charges, and government
television reported that Malous had confessed as well. Iranian television
broadcast a"new confession" by Mohamedi on July 27 in which he implicated
others among those in detention. He also claimed that "we have received
financial assistance from America on three or four occasions to organize
student movements." Activists in the political reform movement in Iran
have told Human Rights Watch that they fear the government will force
others to make similar public "confessions."

"This recourse to televised confessions is deeply troubling and suggests that
these individuals may have given these statements under duress," said
"A government that presents public confessions by persons held without
access to families or lawyers is advertizing itself as a gross violator of
the most fundamental human rights."


End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 4 Aug 1999 to 5 Aug 1999