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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 5 Aug 1999 to 6 Aug 1999

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 5 Aug 1999 to 6 Aug 1999
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There are 12 messages totalling 708 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Liberal opposition movemment protests Iran arrests
2. Iranian forces kill opposition fighter: news agency
3. Four Iranian policemen killed in clash with drugs traffickers
4. Iran student council say six still missing after unrest
5. Iran's Islamic militia steps up show of force around capital
6. Iran's ban on Salam newspaper deals new blow to reformers
7. Senators Condemn Iranian Crackdown
8. Two years after coming to power, Khatami battles reaction in Iran
9. Azerbaijan threatens to cancel presidential trip to Iran
10. Iran demands "immediate" response from Turkey on border incidents
11. Robots compete in futuristic soccer world cup


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:44:08 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Liberal opposition movemment protests Iran arrests

TEHRAN, Aug 5 (AFP) - An Iranian liberal opposition movement has
denounced the "campaign of terror" it says is being waged against
students in Iran after the wave of unrest that shook the country
last month.
The Iran Freedom Movement (IFM) -- which is banned but tolerated
by the authorities -- said in an open letter to reformist President
Mohammad Khatami, that more than 1,500 students have been arrested
in Tehran and elsewhere since the unrest.
"Students who have been released say that their interrogation
focussed on their possible links with the IFM or circles close to
the opposition," the letter said.
It said "the wave of arrests underway among students is aimed at
wiping out the student movement in Iran."
"This movement believes strongly in your reforms and defends
them in all sincerity. Do not allow it to be terrorised or repressed
under false pretexts."
The intelligence ministry said last week it had arrested leading
figures with another opposition group, the Iran People's Party (IPP)
-- Khosro Seif, Bahram Namazi, Farzin Mokhber and Mehran Mir
Abdol-Baghi -- for their role in the unrest.
The four "instigated rioters to indulge in violent acts,"
shouted "insulting slogans" against Iran's religious leadership and
gave misleading accounts of events to foreign media, the ministry
said in a statement read on state radio.
The six-day student demonstration at the beginning of last
month, was sparked off by the closure of the pro-reform newspaper
According to official figures three people were killed in the
rioting, and some 1,400 arrested.
Salam was banned Wednesday for five years.


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:45:32 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iranian forces kill opposition fighter: news agency

TEHRAN, Aug 4 (AFP) - Iranian security forces have intercepted
and killed a member of the the country's main armed opposition
movement, the People's Mujahedeen, the official IRNA news agency
reported Wednesday.
It said the man had "crossed the Iraqi border into Iran to carry
out terrorist operations."
The incident happened near Abadan, in the western province of
"He was heavily armed upon entering Iran, but thanks to brave
regional tribesmen, his hideout was identified and he was killed in
a lightning operation carried out by local security personnel," the
agency said.
"An assault rifle, a considerable amount of ammunition, a
grenade, cyanide pills, communications sets, forged identification
cars and a compass" were found with the "agent," it added.
(In a statement received in Nicosia, the Iraq-based People's
Mujahedeen denied that the man killed had entered the country from
It said Iranian forces had been conducting house-to-house
searches and making mass arrests in areas "where the residents are
known to be Mujahedeen supporters," which had led to "sporadic
"The clash in the Abadan border area is one such confrontation,
in which a Mujahedeen supporter from the Arab tribes of Khuzestan
was slain," the statement said.)


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:44:29 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Four Iranian policemen killed in clash with drugs traffickers

TEHRAN, Aug 5 (AFP) - Four policemen have been killed in a clash
with drug smugglers in southeastern Iran, the daily Kayhan reported
The paper did not say when the incident occurred, or give
precise details of the location.
Iranian anti-drugs police regularly clash with smugglers.
The authorities recently stepped up sanctions against
trafficking and consumption of drugs. Drug use is increasing
throughout Iranian society, especially among young people.
Possession of more than 30 grammes (one ounce) of heroin or more
than five kilos (11 pounds) of opium is liable for the death
Iran is a major transshipment point for drugs grown in Pakistan
and Afghanistan and sold in markets in the Gulf, Europe and Central


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:43:47 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iran student council say six still missing after unrest

TEHRAN, Aug 5 (AFP) - An Iranian student body said on Thursday
that six students were still missing after protesters in Tehran were
attacked by security forces and Islamic vigilantes last month.
The Elected Council of Student Protesters issued a statement
saying the fate and well-being of six students was still unclear and
called for help from the public, press reports said Thursday.
"Since we started our investigations, a list of all those
students reported missing, injured and arrested was set up with the
help of received information from the public," the council said, the
pro-government Arya newspaper reported.
"From the 100 students which were reported missing, the fate and
well-being of six is still unclear," it said.
"We call on the public to give us any information on the six
listed individuals still missing."
Police arrested 1,400 people following protests in early July
over the closure of a leading pro-reform newspaper, which sparked
six days of bloody clashes pitting demonstrators against security
forces and Islamic hardliners.
The unrest left one person dead in the Iranian capital and three
wounded, according to official figures.
Pro-reform newspapers said five people died and dozens of people
were wounded, many of whom were later abducted from Tehran hospitals
by the secret police.


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:45:12 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iran's Islamic militia steps up show of force around capital

TEHRAN, Aug 5 (AFP) - Iran's volunteer Islamic Basiji militia
stepped up its manoeuvres in the hills around Tehran on Thursday in
show of force a month after the capital was rocked by bloody
The manoeuvres, which involve some 50,000 Basiji -- are designed
as a show of "determination to defend the revolution from the curse
that threatens it," a military official said.
The volunteer militia, wearing military and combat gear,
assembled from different regions around the capital to demonstrate
their devotion to the country's leaders and the heads of the 1979
Islamic revolution.
Revolutionary slogans on placards stood over the entrance to
their military camp, where hundreds of tents stretched among giant
portraits of Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and his
revolutionary predecessor Ayatollah Khomenei.
Other pictures showed those who died in the 1980-88 war with
Iraq, wile in the skies above the camp paratroops with orange
parachutes jumped from planes, as young militia participated in
shooting contests on the ground.
Early Thursday many of the Basiji, aged between 15 and 80, took
part in mass prayers led by the head of the Pasdaran, or
Revolutionary Guards, General Rahim Safavi.
Safavi told the assembled militia they were the mainstay of the
Iranian government and people.
"If the Basiji lend a hand to the clergy and to the supreme
guide of the Islamic republic, Ayatollah Khamenei, all enemy plots
will be foiled," he said, quoted by the official IRNA agency.
He lashed out at "all those who seek to divide the united ranks
of the regime's officials and who are committing a great betrayal of
the people of the revolution.
"Today imperialism is not invading countries with soldiers but
through the use of writers and radios," he added.
His comments came a day after a special clergy court suspended
for five years publication of the reformist daily Salam, whose
closure last month provoked six days of bloody clashes between
pro-reform students and police and Islamic hardliners.
The Basiji, who denied widespread accusations of beating
students in the protests, started their manoeuvres on Wednesday.
They were due to end them Friday after a ceremony in the
presence of Ayatolloh Khamenei, who is also the head of the armed
The organisation was founded on Khomeini's orders at the start
of the Iran-Iraq war to organize popular resistance to Iraqi troops
and drive them out of occupied Iranian cities in the west of the
Khomeini hoped for a force of some 20 million but the
paramilitary now has about five million members, or roughly
one-twelfth of the national population.


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:44:50 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iran's ban on Salam newspaper deals new blow to reformers

TEHRAN, Aug 5 (AFP) - A five-year ban slapped on Iran's popular
reformist Salam newspaper, whose initial closure sparked days of
bloody riots, has dealt another blow to President Mohammad Khatami's
reform agenda ahead of key elections next year.
"Goodbye Salam!" was the headline Kar-O-Kargar, a workers'
newspaper hich like the rest of the press reported without comment
Wednesday's decision by the hardline Special Court for Clergy.
The court, a pillar of the Islamic regime, also banned the
paper's director, Mohammad Khoeinia, from working as a journalist
for three years and find him 7,600 dollars.
He was convicted last week on a sweeping array of charges
ranging from libel and defamation, to publishing lies and classified
information and insulting members of parliament.
The editor of Salam, Abbas Abdi, who faces charges of insulting
the clergy and the Iranian people, was freed on bail by the hardline
court Tuesday.
There was no-one available for comment from the newspaper.
Salam's closure has silenced a leading mouthpiece for Khatami's
supporters as the country prepares for crucial legislative elections
in February, and a lively forum for political and social debate.
Moderates hope the elections, the first since Khatami took
office in August 1997, will end the the conservative majority in
Iran's conservative-dominated judiciary has in recent waged a
crackdown on moderate newspapers, closing at least three pro-Khatami
papers since the beginning of the year and arresting or
interrogating dozens of journalists.
Salam's initial closure in early July followed parliamentary
approval for sweeping new press curbs and triggered unprecedented
student protests in Tehran which erupted into six days of bloody
riots as security officials and hardline vigilantes attacked
During the unrest, the worst since the aftermath of the 1979
Islamic revolution, three people were killed in Tehran and other
cities and around 1,400 people arrested, according to official
Khoeinia, like Khatami, is a member of the Association for
Combatant Clerics, a radical political-religious formation turned
reformist since Khatami's election two years ago.
He had for many years followed a radical revolutionary line, and
became famous as a leader of the 1979 seizure of hostages at the US
embassy in Tehran.
Khoeinia was originally sentenced to three years in prison, but
that sentence was replaced by the ban on Salam.
The change was justified "by the services rendered to the nation
by Mr. Khoeinia before and after the (1979 Islamic) revolution," the
court said.
The trial stemmed from Salam's publication in July of a letter
from a rogue intelligence officer accused of involvement in the
murders of several dissidents and intellectuals last year.
The disgraced officer, who committed suicide in prison in May
while facing an almost certain death sentence, had written to
superiors in the intelligence ministry calling for tough new curbs
on the press.
The ministry said filed a complaint against Khoeinia for
publishing classified information and the clergy court subsequently
imposed the ban.
The press bill, which must still undergo detailed debate by
parliament before becoming law, was followed this week by a sweeping
new "thought-crime" law introduced by the judiciary.
The measure outlaws "any contact or exchange of information,
interviews or collusion with foreign embassies, organisations,
parties or media, at whatever level, which could be judged harmful
to Iran's independence, national unity or the interests of the
Islamic republic."
The publication of "confidential information about Iran's
internal or external politics" as well as "the spreading of false
information or rumour" would also be considered a crime.


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:45:55 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Senators Condemn Iranian Crackdown

WASHINGTON (AP) -- Several senators sought today to register
congressional displeasure with Iran's crackdown on student
protesters and democracy advocates.
``This is an untenable situation and should be loudly and
categorically condemned by all free nations of the world,'' said
Sen. Sam Brownback, R-Kan.
Brownback, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee
on Near Eastern and South Asian affairs, and Sen. Joseph Lieberman,
D-Conn., drafted a resolution condemning ``the repressive actions
taken by the Iranian government against the democratic movement of
Mass student demonstrations erupted in Iran last month. Some
protesters demanded the ouster of Iran's hard-line supreme leader,
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, a figure traditionally held above
More than 1,200 people were arrested during the protests.
``Sadly, the response of the Iranian government to this orderly
exercise of democratic protest has been more of the same repression
-- more imprisonment, more torture and more death,'' said Lieberman.
Also sponsoring the resolution are Senate Majority Leader Trent
Lott, R-Miss., and Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C., and chairman of the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
It calls on the Iranian government to respect fundamental
principles of human rights and to release unharmed the student
leaders and other pro-democracy activists.
Iran's president, Mohammed Khatami, has promised great political
and social rights but he is locked in a struggle with hard-liners.
Brownback told reporters it is ``wishful thinking'' to expect to
see any signs of moderation from the present government in Iran.
``These pro-democracy activists need to know that the world has
heard their voices and that the world is watching and aware of the
pressure and repression to which they are being subjected,''
Brownback said.


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:46:44 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Two years after coming to power, Khatami battles reaction in Iran

TEHRAN, Aug 3 (AFP) - Iranian President Mohammad Khatami took
office two years ago Tuesday with an ambitious reform programme to
make the Islamic republic more democratic, more friendly to the West
and more free.
But at every step of his cautious reform agenda Khatami has
found unyielding opposition from conservatives and hardliners while
his supporters remain frustrated by the glacial pace of change.
His efforts to polish Iran's image abroad have been marred by
political turmoil at home, where wholesale arrests and bloody police
crackdowns have revealed a state apparatus out of tune with his
calls for freedom.
Today's Iran is certainly different to that he inherited in 1997
after sweeping to power with widespread support from women and youth
buoyed by his commitment to a more tolerant and democratic society.
February's landmark municipal elections, the first ever since
the 1979 Islamic revolution, showed Khatami could deliver on his
promises of giving Iranians greater control over their daily lives.
Newspapers flourished and women particularly felt relief at the
easing of social restrictions, pushing the boundaries of Iran's
strict Islamic law by displaying an inch or two of hair from under
their omnipresent headscarves.
But in a society where change is measured in inches Iran's
powerful forces of reaction have demonstrated that Khatami's bid to
liberalise the nation still has miles to go.
The conservative-dominated judiciary marked his two-year
anniversary by announcing draconian "thought-crime" legislation
which, if voted into law, would make almost any criticism of the
Islamic regime a political crime.
The increasingly vocal press has been hobbled by hardline
courts, which have closed down at least three pro-Khatami papers
since the beginning of the year and arrested dozens of journalists.
The mounting tension between reform and reaction finally erupted
in bloodshed last month when security forces and Islamic militants
attacked a student protest over the closure of a moderate
The attack sparked six days of deadly riots and focused
international attention on a violent police crackdown wildly at odds
with Khatami's repeated promises to institute the rule of law.
The June discovery that Iran had arrested 13 Jews on charges of
spying for Israel brought worldwide condemnation for a nation whose
international image has not quite fully recovered from the 1979
hostage-taking at the US embassy.
Khatami's vaunted overtures to the West suffered a blow this
spring when a planned high-profile visit to France collapsed under a
diplomatic row over whether alcohol should be served at a state
dinner for the Islamic leader.
The United States still maintains Iran on its list of nations
that sponsor terrorism, enforcing tough unilateral sanctions on an
economy already hard-hit by a volatile oil market and a drought that
obliterated much of the national harvest.
The case of German businessman Helmut Hofer, condemned to death
last year for allegedly having sex with a Moslem Iranian woman and
re-arrested Sunday ahead of his re-trial, has shown the West the
sometimes vast gulf between its secular societies and that of the
Islamic republic.
But for all Khatami's high-minded and genuine calls for a
"dialogue between civilisations" abroad, it is at home where he must
reconcile his own moves toward change with a regime more flexible in
rhetoric than reality.
Last month's protests saw pro-Khatami students chanting direct
challenges to the authority of supreme leader Ayatollah Ali
Khamenei, an illegal act under Iranian law that shocked many here.
Khamenei has since taken great pains to insist that Iranian
society remains united behind the religious values that toppled the
monarchy 20 years ago and created the most purely Islamic state in
the world.
It is up to Khatami to discover exactly where in that state he
can find a place for his daring efforts at reform.


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:46:13 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Azerbaijan threatens to cancel presidential trip to Iran

BAKU, Aug 4 (AFP) - Azerbaijan on Wednesday threatened to cancel
a scheduled presidential trip to Iran later this year should Tehran
refuse to deport an alleged coup plotter living there.
Baku repeated its demand that Tehran hand over Mahir Javadov,
accused with his brother Rovshan of attempting to overthrow
President Heydar Aliyev in March, 1995. Rovshan was killed during
the political turmoil.
"The Azerbaijani leader's visit will be possible only when Iran
demonstrates a real intention to develop its relationship with
Azerbaijan," said State Foreign Relations Advisor Vafa Goulizade.
"At the moment, we do not sense any such intentions from the
Iranian side," Goulizade continued. Baku and Tehran announced plans
to exchange presidential visits sometime in the autumn.
Azerbaijani authorities said that Iran was assisting Javadov in
preparing another coup, after the alleged insurgent moved to the
Islamic Republic from Austria earlier this year.
Javadov said he was simply conducting business in Iran and had
formed a own political party with the goal of winning back land lost
during the war in Nagorno Karabakh.
Relations between the two Moslim Shiite countries are strained.
Baku accuses Tehran of stepping up its spying in Azerbaijan and of
preparing terrorist acts with ex-parliament speaker Rasul Guliyev,
who also lives abroad.
Tehran rejects the charges and alleges in turn that Baku is
fomenting dissent among the ethnic Azeri majority in the north of


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:47:08 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iran demands "immediate" response from Turkey on border incidents

TEHRAN, Aug 3 (AFP) - Iran said Tuesday that talks with Turkey
over a series of disputed border incidents in recent weeks were
productive but inconclusive and called for an immediate and clear
response from Ankara.
Iran's ambassdor to Ankara Mohammad Hussein Lavasani, summoned
to the Turkish foreign ministry on Monday, said the meeting had been
"constructive" but demanded an "immediate" completion of Turkey's
inquiry into the incidents, the official IRNA news agency said.
Lavasani added that Turkish newspaper commentaries about Turkish
Foreign Minister Ismael Cem's remarks on the situation were
Cem last week said tension between the two neighbours would
continue to mount if Iran did not release two Turkish soldiers
Tehran insists tried to invade the country.
Iran says the two were part of a group of Turkish troops who
waged a deliberate incursion into its territory but Turkey insists
the soldiers strayed across the border by mistake.
Tension between the two countries has been on the rise since
Iran accused Turkey of launching a cross-border air raid on the
Piranshahr region on July 18 which killed five people and wounded 10
Ankara dismissed the claim as a "misunderstanding" and said the
air strike hit Iraqi not Iranian territory and targetted a Kurdish
rebel base.
But Iran rejected the Turkish claims as "baseless" Monday and
demanded compensation from Ankara.
"Ankara's government tries to make false claims in a bid to cast
a shadow on its violation of Iran's air space and its bombing of
Iranian territory to avoid the consequences," foreign ministry
spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi told the Tehran press.
"The Turkish government would do better to live up to its legal
and political obligations to compensate (for) its attacks into
Iranian territory rather than making baseless claims," he said.
A team of Turkish military officials visited Piranshahr last
week and are due to file a report in the coming days.
Ankara has repeatedly accused Iran of harbouring Kurdish rebels
from the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), who have been waging a
15-year rebellion in southeastern Turkey that has left some 31,000
people dead.
Tehran in turn accuses Ankara of involvement in six days of
student protests last month -- the Islamic republic's worst unrest
since the aftermath of the 1979 revolution.


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 10:50:18 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Robots compete in futuristic soccer world cup

Robots compete in futuristic soccer world cup 01:45 p.m Aug 04, 1999

By Paul de Bendern

STOCKHOLM, Aug 4 (Reuters) - The world may have to wait another 50 years
before people compete against human-sized robots on the soccer pitch,
but on Wednesday fans got a taste of robots playing against each other.

At the third annual Robot World Cup Soccer tournament held in Stockholm,
Iranian robots beat Italian ones 3-1 in a medium-size league which has
five robots about the size of a microwave oven on each team.

``Our goal is to have robots competing against humans on a World Cup
level by the year 2050,'' Hiroaki Kitano, president of the RoboCup
Federation, told Reuters. ``We're in the early stages, but these are the
first steps towards that goal.''

He said the idea was not as far-fetched as it may sound. It took only 50
years from the innovation of the digital computer to the creation of
IBM's Deep Blue supercomputer, which beat chess champion Garry Kasparov
at his own game.

The RoboCup tournament is getting more attention as robots with
artificial intelligence become more intelligent and move more quickly.
Ninety teams from 24 countries took part in this year's tournament,
sponsored by Japan's Sony Corp.

Teams of human-size automated robots with two legs that walk and kick a
ball are expected to be competing against each other in the annual
championships in 2002, Kitano said.

The RoboCup started in Nagoya, Japan, in 1997 with 35 teams from 12
countries. RoboCup was held in Paris last year and will be played in
Melbourne, Australia next year.

The medium-size robots league is the most sophisticated of four robot
leagues, as they move fast, host various cameras and are programmed to
send signals to each other on how to play during the game. The robots,
measuring about 50 cm (20 inches) in diameter by 80 cm (31 inches) high,
played on a field of nine metres by six metres.

Another league that received a lot of attention was the one between
silvery Sony-made robot dogs, AIBO, which look like chihuahua dogs and
can walk and kick a ball.

A limited edition of 5,000 AIBOs -- which cost $2,500 each -- were a
sold-out success in the United States and Japan earlier this year.

Toshi Doi, president of Sony Digital Creatures Laboratory, predicts
every household will have two to three entertainment robots in 10 years'
time, as the price tag drops.

The small-size robot league involves robots about 15 cm ( six inches) in
diameter, playing on a pitch the size of a table tennis table. A
simulated league is played on computers.

Human interference was banned during the games, which lasted some 20
minutes each as hundreds of spectators cheered wildly.

Organisers said the tournaments were not just for fun but would help
advance robot technology and artificial intelligence in an industry
which scientists say will boom in coming years.

``These soccer games help us learn how to improve robots and will help
develop technology for robots that can help in rescue operations, health
care, traffic systems and provide home entertainment,'' RoboCup's Kitano


Date: Fri, 6 Aug 1999 16:05:29 EDT

[Unable to display image]IFIR Urgent Action Campaign

August 6, 1999

The International Federation of Iranian Refugees (IFIR) is initiating
an Urgent Action Campaign to obtain the immediate and unconditional
release of political prisoners in Iran, including those arrested during
the July 1999 protests in Iran.

The protests began on July 8, 1999 when students gathered
outside university hostels in Tehran to oppose new laws further
curbing the government-controlled press. Armed members of the
Ansar-e-Hezbollah and the regime's security forces attacked
students, stormed their residences, threw students out of windows,
and set rooms on fire. On subsequent days, the size and nature
of the demonstrations changed, with many others joining the

Despite a ban on demonstrations in Tehran, protests continued
and spread to other cities. Six days of protests in 18 cities in Iran
shook the very foundation of the Islamic Republic of Iran. For six
days, tens of thousands came to the streets and called for an end
to repression and an end to the Islamic Republic of Iran. Slogans
heard in the streets included: "Political Prisoners Must Be Released,"
"Down, Down Mullah's Rule, Down," Cannons, Tanks, and Machine
Guns, Don't Have Effect Anymore," and "People, the Rebellion Has

The regime responded in its usual manner - with mass arrests,
threats, intimidation, disappearances, torture, forced confessions,
and murder. As a result of the ensuing repression, many were
injured and at least nine people whose names have been recorded
were killed. They include: Ezzatollah Ebrahim-Nezhad, Mohammad
Javad Farhangi-Bostanabadi, Tami Hamifar, Naimi, Sohrabian,
Yavari and Zakeri. On August 1, Behrooz Farajzadeh, a 53-year-
old worker shot in the neck, died in hospital. Mahmoud Khabasian
also died in hospital from a gunshot wound to his head. Khabasian's
brother suffered a stroke and died when told of his brother's death.
Iranian authorities have said one person died in the protests.

According to Gholamhossein Rahbarpour, the head of Tehran's
revolutionary courts, 1,500 (some reports say 1,400) people were
arrested in connection with the demonstrations in Tehran alone.
Rahbarpour said many were later released, but only on bail
pending their "trials." Hundreds more remain in prison or have
disappeared, some even from their hospital beds, and are
presumably held by the authorities. Those in prison have been
subjected to prolonged interrogations, beatings, torture, and have
been forced to sign false confessions while blindfolded or to
provide videotaped confessions extracted under torture. Though
the regime has attempted to portray an atmosphere of normalcy
to diffuse local and international outrage and solidarity in defense
of the political prisoners, there is a continued wave of arrests.
IFIR has also received reports of numerous people who have
gone into hiding or fled the country.

The following list is a compilation of confirmed or unconfirmed
political prisoners - women, men, and youth - obtained from
various sources:

Mehran Abdolbaghi, Hamid Aghajani, Golaleh Ahmadi, Amin
Alipour, Mandana Arjomand, Afshin Bagheri, Forough
Bahmanpour, Mehdi Bazazadeh, Faramarz Beiki, Khaled
Rostam Zadeh Boukani, Maryam Danaii Broomand, Ahmad
Darvish, Majid Deldar, Razgar Ghaderpoor Eghdam, Kamelia
Entekhabi-Fard, Seyed Djavad Emami, Elaheh Emir
Entezam, Mehdi Fakhrozadeh, Roozbeh Farahanipour,
Ghorbanali Faraji, Hossein Ghadyani, Javad Ghahremani,
Mohammad Ghandi, Amrollah Mir Ghasemi, Mehran Gorkani,
Morteza Hadadi, Ali Hamidi, Ali Heydari, Mohamad Reza
Heydari, Mir Reza Heydari, Seyed Mohamad Hosseini, Shirin
Shah Hosseini, Kaveh Jaberi, Amir Saeed Jahani, Faramarz
Jafari, Kiyanoush Jahanpour, Behieh Jilaani, Abbas Karami,
Loghman Karbassi, Mohamad Reza Karbassi, Abdolbaghi
Kashani, Mohammad Reza Kasraii, Minoo Khadivar, Farima
Kolahi, Mohammad Majidi, Esmaeil Moftizadeh, Manuchehr
Mohammadi, Gholamreza Mohajeri-Nezhad, Farzin Mokhber,
Davoud Ahmadi Mounes (Armin), Samad Mousavi, Davood
Movahedi, Anahita Najafi, Ahmad and / or Bahram Namazi,
Ms. Nasiri, Obaidi, Mehrnoosh Rostamian, Mohammad Masood
Salamati, Baig Baler Saneei, Khosrow Seif, Maryam Shansi
(Malous Radnia), Monir Radnia, Parviz Safari, Safarifar,
Mohammad Salary, Salbi, Hamid Samandar, Shoshtari, Maryam
Taadi, Ahmad Tahmassebi, Afshin Tajian, Ali Tavakoli, Mazdak
Kark Yaraghi, Jalil Yekrangi, Mehdi Zahedghavi, Hossein
Zahmatkash, Alireza Zamani, Hamid Zarafiniya, and Hassan

Clearly, many more are being held, including former political
prisoners who are often the first to be harassed, intimidated
and detained in any uprising or crisis situation. The Intelligence
Ministry has said that it is holding "bandits, trouble-makers,
anti-revolutionaries, atheists, criminals and saboteurs."

Political prisoners, both named and unnamed, have been
imprisoned and tortured because of their opposition to
repression and the absence of basic human rights in Iran.
They must be immediately and unconditionally released.

The regime has threatened the protesters with execution. Any
false distinctions between Khatami's and Khamenei's faction
have withered away in order to maintain the Islamic Republic
of Iran. Khatami has stated that "deviations will be repressed
with force and determination." Hassan Rohani, the first
vice-speaker of the Majles (parliament) and secretary of the
Supreme Council of National Security (SCNS) has said that
those who "have revolted against the sacred state will be dealt
by relevant tribunals and treated as enemies of god and
corrupts." Such charges are counter-revolutionary offenses
with mandatory death sentences.

Despite the regime's brutality, the people of Iran have risen
demanding a better life. Those outside of Iran must create
such an outpouring of solidarity that even the execution capital
of the world, the Islamic Republic of Iran, cannot deny political
prisoners in Iran their lives and unconditional freedom.

Join IFIR!

Condemn the Islamic Republic of Iran for its repression and
denial of basic human rights

Demand the immediate and unconditional release of all
political prisoners, including those arrested during the July
1999 protests

Demand unconditional freedom of assembly, association
and expression

Send your protest letters, resolutions and petitions to Ali
Khamenei and Mohammad Khatami. Send a copy of your
letters to IFIR (

Ali Khamenei
Mohammad Khatami
The Presidency, Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection
Tehran, Iran

* Please note that there is no fax numbers available. The
authorities shut down their faxes during our campaign
against stoning.

Our international outrage can defend basic human rights
and the lives and safety of innumerable human beings.

For more information, contact Maryam Namazie, GPO, PO Box
7051, New York, NY 10116. Tel: 212-747-1046.
Fax: 212-425-7260. E-mail:;
Web Site:


End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 5 Aug 1999 to 6 Aug 1999