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There are 3 messages totalling 452 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

3. US Senate Resolution on Iran


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1999 19:08:46 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>


By Safa Haeri, IPS Editor

TEHRAN 6TH Aug. (IPS) As expected, the Clergymen's Special Tribunal (CST)
condemned Wednesday the influential and longest pro-reform daily "Salam" to 5
years of total ban and fined it's 60 years-old Editor, the hojatoleslam
Mohammad Mousavi Kho'einha to payment of a total 26 millions Rials (7600 US
Dollars) fine.

Observers, analysts, experts and international human rights organisations
immediately denounced the ruling as "utterly illegal" since officially, this
jurisdiction, which like all other key and strategic institutions, is directly
controlled by the ayatollah Ali Khameneh'i, has no authority over the affairs
of the press.

The interdiction follows the publication, almost a month ago, of a letter
written by Mr. Sa'id Emami, alias Eslami, to the then Information
(Intelligence) minister suggesting that in order to save the Islamic regime,
the already quite limited freedom the pro-reform press, intellectuals and
politicians enjoys should be further curbed.

Mr. Emami, a former Deputy Intelligence Minister, was presented by the
authorities as the "mastermind" who organised the last November-December chain
murder of prominent politicians and intellectuals by official agents of the
Intelligence Ministry.

He was latter reported to have killed himself in prison by absorbing a
home-made depilatory product containing arsenic.

Salam was accused of having printed the top secret, classified document. But
the paper's Editor rejected this charge, saying the hand-written letter was
faxed to the paper.

Nonetheless, the incident angered both the leader and some hard line MPs who
had earlier submitted a bill to the Majles (parliament) to "reform" the
existing press law by imposing new drastic limitations over the activities of
the press and dissidents.

Conservatives say however that the amendments will help relieve ambiguities of
the existing press law and better protect Islamic revolutionary values''.

While printing Mr. Emami's letter, Salam observed that the bill introduced by
the MPs was in fact based on the master terrorist's project.

The shut down of Salam on 7th of July was denounced during a peaceful
demonstration by a handful of students in their dormitories when they were
attacked savagely by gangs of conservatives-controlled known as the "Ansar
Hezbollah" supported by Intelligence Ministry's special Units and Law
Enforcement Forces.

The raid left at least five students killed and more than 200 wounded, some of
them badly, triggering the wide-spread demonstrations by students the
days, demonstrations that gradually took the form of open protest against the
Islamic regime and it's top leader, the ayatollah Khameneh'i.

The manifestation that took the name of "pro-democracy movement' was
crushed on 14th of July when the conservatives organised rallies in support of
the humiliated and insulted leader.

In it's hearing, the CST found that Mr. Kho'einiha was "guilty of
untruthful and distorted news aimed at harming the public opinion, publishing
top secret state document, distorting state document and publication of false
information aimed at inciting public opinion and insulting and defaming the
personalities of the Majlis deputies and sentenced to a total of three years
imprisonment coupled with interdiction of taking any responsibility as Editor
for any publication.

But the court dispensed Mr. Kho'einiha from going to prison "due to his pre
post-revolution activities".

A "protégé' of the grand ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini who had appointed him as
the newly established Islamic Republic's State prosecutor, Mr. Kho'einiha
became internationally known after he led the successful assault of the
then US
Embassy in Tehran on November 1979, talking 55 diplomats hostage for 444

Pleading not guilty to a jury of eight clerics, all of them conservatives, Mr.
Kho'einiha said his newspaper had performed a public service by publishing the
letter, which he again denied was classified.

"I say from the bottom of my heart that our Islamic system can only carry
on if
it guarantees the maximum of legitimate freedoms within the framework of the
constitution," he added

In their first reaction, many analysts said the verdict was a warning send to
other pro-reform publications and is possible that it would encourage

The Paris-based Reporters Sans Frontiers (RSF) on Thursday denounced the
closure of Salam as "illegal and politically motivated", adding that the move
represented "a blatant violation" of press freedom in Iran.

In a letter sent to President Mohammad Khatami, RSF said the latest series of
press freedom violations "undermines" the Islamic Republic of Iran's pledge to
improve legitimate human rights," RSF said, observing that the CST has no
competence to judge a press offence", RSF said.

Dr Alireza Nourizadeh, the Secretary of the London-based Centre for
Arab-Iranian Studies (CAIS) a noted independent Iranian journalist said Mr.
Kho'einiha is a "heavyweight" and a "too heavy weight" for the
conservatives to
"uplift him".

Noting recent give and takes and mutual expression of solidarity and harmony
between the leader and the president, Mr. Faraj Sarkuhi, a prize-winner
journalist and novelist speculated that the closure of Salam could be the
result of compromises between the conservatives and the presidency.

Started nine years ago by Mr. Mousavi-Kho'einiha as the mouthpiece of the
Association of Militant Clergymen (AMC), the minority left wing of the larger
Association of Combatant Clergymen (ACC), Salam quickly became the only
existing haven of "loyal" dissidents inside the country.

While Mr. Kho'einha was personally instrumental in persuading Mr. Khatami to
accept the candidacy of the AMC for the 1997 presidential race against the
ayatollah Ali Akbar Nateq Nouri, the favourite of Mr. Khameneh'i and the
conservatives, his paper played a leading role in securing the landslide,
surprise victory of Mr. Khatami.

"Like Mr. Qolamhosein Karbaschi, the former Mayor of Tehran who also played a
substantial role in the victory of Mr. Khatami and because of that, he is now
in jail, Mr. Kho'einha also is paying the same price, both them victims of the
leader's narcissism and ego", explained one close acquaintance of Mr.
Khameneh'i. ENDS SALAM 6899

* Farhad Abdolian, Stockholm/Sweden *
* Phone +46-8-920517 *
* *
* E-mail: *
* *


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1999 19:09:07 -0400
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>


By Safa Haeri

PARIS 8 Aug. (IPS) As the Islamic authorities in Iran continue to arrest and
harass dissidents, mostly among students and secular politicians, so does
protest movements and demonstrations against the ruling clerics in major
cities, organised by Iranians outside the country in support with the arrested
people and pro-democracy movement in Iran.

According to Iranian sources, since the start of the student's pro-democracy
protest in 9th July, more than 500 people have been arrested, among them
prominent student's leaders, politicians and journalists.

"Human Rights violations in Iran have intensified following the peaceful
demonstration of students demanding freedom of press among other things", says
the Iranian Human Rights Working Group (IHRWG).

The Group says it is "gravely concerned" about the treatment of detainees, as
there are "strong indications" that a number of student leaders were tortured
in an effort to extract false confessions out of them.

Moreover, the IHRWG believes that the lives of many of those arrested are in
danger, as senior conservative officials have called for them to be tried on
charges of "corruption on earth" and "fighting God", both of which carry the
death penalty.

Calling for a weekly vigil to be held in front of the Iranian Mission to
the UN
every Wednesday afternoon, the IHRWG demanded the unconditional release of all
of those who have been arbitrarily arrested;

- An open and fair trials for all of those arrested activists who have been
charged with any criminal acts;

- A thorough investigation conform with international human rights standards,
into the attack on student dormitories at Tehran University on July 8 which
resulted in deaths, injuries, and arrests of the students;

The public disclosure of the results of above investigation, including release
of the number and names of all those killed and detained all over Iran;
That those responsible for these attacks be brought to justice in open and
trials as well as the unconditional return of the bodies of all those
killed in
the recent unrest to their families.
Various Iranian opposition forces, from Monarchists down to Marxist groups
held, and continue demonstrations and meeting in major cities, from Sydney in
Australia to San Jose in the United States, from London down to Rome, from
Stockholm to Madrid, but mostly in front of the Iranian embassy in Bonn.

For its part, the New York-based Committee for the Protection of Journalists
(CPJ) "protested" to the leader of the Islamic Republic, the ayatollah Ali
Khameneh'i the Iranian authorities' "continued crackdown" on independent and
opposition journalists and urged him to assume a leadership role in reversing
the sharp deterioration of press freedom in Iran.

The Organisation has written several times to Iranian government officials
protesting the recent "flood of state restrictions" imposed on Iranian
journalists, yet, it says, it has not received a reply to any of these

"We are writing now to express our grave concern about the five-year ban
imposed by the Special Court for Clergy against the reformist daily newspaper
Salam and on it's publisher, Hojatoleslam Seyyed Mohamed Mousavi-Khoeiniha",
says the CPJ.

The Committee also says is also deeply concerned about the reported arrest
week of Ms Camelia Entekhabi-Fard, a journalist formerly working with the
now-banned women's newspaper, Zan.

According to media reports, Ms Entekhabi-Fard was arrested by Iranian
authorities after returning from an extended trip to the United States,
reportedly accused of "co-operating with American media"-an apparent reference
to her work as an intern for the U.S. government-funded Radio Free

Like the IHRWG, another Iranian organisation, the International Federation of
Iranian Refugees (IFIR) is initiating an Urgent Action Campaign to obtain the
immediate and unconditional release of political prisoners in Iran, including
those arrested during the July 1999 protests.

"Despite a ban on demonstrations in Tehran, protests continued and spread to
other cities. Six days of protests in 18 cities in Iran shook the very
foundation of the Islamic Republic of Iran", the IFIR said

According to IFIR, as a result of the ensuing repression imposed by the
hundreds of people were arrested, tortured and forced to TV confessions, many
were injured and at least nine people whose names have been recorded were
killed. They include:

Ezzatollah Ebrahim-Nezhad, Mohammad Javad Farhangi-Bostanabadi, Tami Hamifar,
Naimi, Sohrabian, Yavari and Zakeri.

On August 1, Behrooz Farajzadeh, a 53-year-old worker shot in the neck,
died in
hospital. Mahmoud Khabasian also died in hospital from a gunshot wound to his
head. Khabasian's brother suffered a stroke and died when told of his

Iranian authorities have said one person died in the protests.

According to (the hojatoleslam) Gholamhossein Rahbarpour, the head of Tehran's
revolutionary courts, 1,500 (some reports say 1,400) people were arrested in
connection with the demonstrations in Tehran alone.

Rahbarpour said many were later released, but only on bail pending their

Hundreds more remain in prison or have disappeared, some even from their
hospital beds, and are presumably held by the authorities. Those in prison
been subjected to prolonged interrogations, beatings, torture, and have been
forced to sign false confessions while blindfolded or to provide videotaped
confessions extracted under torture.

"Though the regime has attempted to portray an atmosphere of normalcy to
diffuse local and international outrage and solidarity in defence of the
political prisoners, there is a continued wave of arrests", the organisation
points out.

IFIR has also received reports of numerous people who have gone into hiding or
fled the country.

The following list is a compilation of confirmed or unconfirmed political
prisoners - women, men, and youth - obtained from various sources:

Mehran Abdolbaghi, Hamid Aghajani, Golaleh Ahmadi, Amin Alipour, Mandana
Arjomand, Afshin Bagheri, Forough Bahmanpour, Mehdi Bazazadeh, Faramarz Beiki,
Khaled Rostam Zadeh Boukani, Maryam Danaii Broomand, Ahmad Darvish, Majid
Deldar, Razgar Ghaderpoor Eghdam, Kamelia Entekhabi-Fard, Seyed Djavad Emami,
Elaheh Emir Entezam, Mehdi Fakhrozadeh, Roozbeh Farahanipour, Ghorbanali
Faraji, Hossein Ghadyani, Javad Ghahremani, Mohammad Ghandi, Amrollah Mir
Ghasemi, Mehran Gorkani, Morteza Hadadi, Ali Hamidi, Ali Heydari, Mohamad Reza
Heydari, Mir Reza Heydari, Seyed Mohamad Hosseini, Shirin Shah Hosseini, Kaveh
Jaberi, Amir Saeed Jahani, Faramarz Jafari, Kiyanoush Jahanpour, Behieh
Jilaani, Abbas Karami, Loghman Karbassi, Mohamad Reza Karbassi, Abdolbaghi
Kashani, Mohammad Reza Kasraii, Minoo Khadivar, Farima Kolahi, Mohammad
Esmaeil Moftizadeh, Manuchehr Mohammadi, Gholamreza Mohajeri-Nezhad, Farzin
Mokhber, Davoud Ahmadi Mounes (Armin), Samad Mousavi, Davood Movahedi, Anahita
Najafi, Bahram Namazi, Ms. Nasiri, Obaidi, Mehrnoosh Rostamian, Mohammad
Salamati, Baig Baler Saneei, Khosrow Seif, Maryam Shansi (Malous Radnia),
Radnia, Parviz Safari, Safarifar, Mohammad Salary, Salbi, Hamid Samandar,
Shoshtari, Maryam Taadi, Ahmad Tahmassebi, Afshin Tajian, Ali Tavakoli, Mazdak
Kark Yaraghi, Jalil Yekrangi, Mehdi Zahedghavi, Hossein Zahmatkash, Alireza
Zamani, Hamid Zarafiniya, and Hassan Zarezadeh.

"The regime has threatened the protesters with execution. Any false
distinctions between (President Mohammad) Khatami's and Khamenehi's faction
have withered away in order to maintain the Islamic Republic of Iran. Khatami
has stated that "deviations will be repressed with force and determination".
(The hojatoleslam) Hassan Rohani, the first vice-speaker of the Majles
(parliament) and secretary of the Supreme Council of National Security (SCNS)
has said that those who "have revolted against the sacred state will be dealt
by relevant tribunals and treated as enemies of god and corrupts".

Such charges are counter-revolutionary offences with mandatory death

* Farhad Abdolian, Stockholm/Sweden *
* Phone +46-8-920517 *
* *
* E-mail: *
* *


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1999 22:13:30 -0500
From: aryopirouznia <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: US Senate Resolution on Iran

US Senate

106th Congress
1st Session

In The Senate of the United States

Mr. Brownback submitted the following concurrent resolution, which was
presented by:

Mr. Lieberman; Mr. Lott; Mr. Helms; Mr. Graham; Mr. Hack; Mr. Wellstone and
Mr. Wyden


Expressing the sense of Congress concerning the continuous repression of
freedom of expression and assembly, and of individual human rights, in Iran,
as exemplified by the recent repression of the democratic movement of Iran.

Whereas freedom of expression and assembly; individual human rights, and
pursuit of democratic ideals have been systematically repressed by the
government of Iran;

Whereas in recent months several members of the press and other individuals
who peacefully criticized the policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran were
assassinated by elements that are now known to have belonged to the Iranian
government's security forces;

Whereas this continuous repression of freedom has been once more exemplified
by the vicious and unjustifiable assault by the government of Iran and its
vigilantes on students who marched peacefully and within the law on July 8,
1999, to protest, on the grounds of democracy, freedom of the press, and
individual and civil rights, the closure of a reformist newspaper, Salaam;

Whereas the Iranian government forces and vigilantes killed, wounded, and
incarcerated students and destroyed their dormitories, rooms, and

Whereas the Iranian government now has accused falsely and unjustifiably a
number of students and other seekers of democracy and human rights of high
crimes, theoretically punishable by death under Iranian law;


Whereas freedom of expression and assembly are fundamental human rights
which are recognized as such under the United Nations Declaration of Human

" Now therefore , be it Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives



A) Condemnation:

Congress hereby condemns the repressive actions taken by the Iranian
Government against the democratic movement of Iran.

B) Sense of Congress:

It is the sense of Congress that:

1) The Iranian government should respect the fundamental principles
contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and,
thereby, to cease its repression of peaceful dissent and to
release unharmed the student leaders and the other pro-
democracy activists the government continues to detain;

2) The President of the United States should give clear voice to:

a)The abhorrence of the American People for the violence used
against the Iranian students and pro-democracy activists; and

b)The solidarity of the United States with the values and
objectives that the students and activists have poused;

3) The European allies of the United States, who maintain
political and economic relations with Iran, should convey their
own concerns and objections to the Iranian authorities;

4) The Secretary of State should urge the Secretary General of the
United Nations to exercise his influence with the Iranian
Government to secure the release of the student leaders and
other pro-democracy activists who are now being detained and
whose lives are threatened;

5) The Secretary of State should urge the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights to convey her concern for
the safety of the Iranian student leaders and other pro-
democracy activists to the Iranian government and
should assist in securing their prompt release; and

6) The United States delegate to the United Nations Sub-
Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities, at its upcoming meeting, should introduce a
resolution calling for the release of the Iranian
student leaders and other pro-democracy activists and the
termination of repressive actions against the non-violent and
democratic student movement of Iran.


End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 10 Aug 1999