Date: Aug 15, 1999 [ 0: 0: 0]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Aug 1999 to 14 Aug 1999

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Aug 1999 to 14 Aug 1999
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There are 3 messages totalling 285 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Court sentenced protesters to death
2. snsc's report on events of tehran university-P 2/2
3. snsc's report on events of tehran university-P 1/2

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Date: Sat, 14 Aug 1999 16:13:25 -0306
From: Mehran Sam <msam@HMS.HARVARD.EDU>
Subject: Court sentenced protesters to death

Iran Daneshjoo Organization News Service - http://www.iran-daneshjoo.org

Iranian daily says court sentenced protesters to death
August 14, 1999

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP)

Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Court has ordered the execution of some of the
leaders of last month's mass protests, a hard-line newspaper reported
Saturday.

"Some instigators of the recent disturbances in Tehran have been sentenced
to death by the Islamic Revolutionary Court," Iran's daily Kayhan newspaper
said, quoting "informed sources."

The newspaper, which is believed to have close ties to Iran's hard-line
judiciary, also said the court had handed down long jail terms to several
other defendants. It did not say when the sentences were passed.

The report, which was received in Dubai, gave no other details and did not
identify the defendants.

Senior hard-line officials, including Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali
Khamenei, have blamed the protests, the worst since the 1979 Islamic
revolution, on "a group of vicious people" supported by exiled Iranian
groups and unnamed foreign countries.

A senior Iranian cleric warned during the July riots that pro-reform
protesters who damaged public property would be tried as enemies of the
state, a charge punishable by death.

The Kayhan report could not be confirmed. There has been no official report
of such a trial.

Meanwhile, an Iranian newspaper reported Saturday that some 100 vigilantes
who stormed a Tehran student hostel that triggered the protests have been
arrested.

The vigilantes were identified by a special committee that investigated the
raid on the Tehran University hostel on July 9, the newspaper Hamshahri
quoted presidential adviser Rajabali Mazroui as saying.

The paper did not say when the arrests were made.

The committee has finished its investigation and will present its report to
President Mohammad Khatami and Iran's spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ali
Khamenei, the paper said.

The raid on the hostel, in which police also took part, left one person dead
and 20 seriously injured. It led to six days of mass protests in Tehran and
eight other cities, the biggest outbreak of unrest since the 1979 Islamic
revolution.

At least three people were killed and about 200 others wounded in the
demonstrations.

The protests began as an expression of support for reformist President
Mohammad Khatami and opposition to the hard-liners who control the judiciary
and the security forces.

The initial clash at the hostel took place after a small group of students
had protested the banning of a reformist newspaper.



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Date: Sun, 15 Aug 1999 06:01:00 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: snsc's report on events of tehran university-P 2/2

...continued from the previous message


"i. the commission believes that the law enforcement had not
preplanned any confrontation in its decision at any earlier time and
that there are no evidences that indicate the chain of command of law
enforcement had made any earlier decisions in this respect.
ii. the deputy provincial commander arrives at the scene and asks
the law enforcement forces to withdraw to a certain point
in accordance with the directives given by the interior minister.
however the law enforcement forces did not consider the instructions
to be enough.
iii. according to the assessment made by the committee,
considerable damage had been done to the installations the details are
given in the report.
iv. the committee also believes that the political, cultural,
security and law enforcement forces were not fully prepared to predict
the incident.
v. the committee concludes that the civilian forces were present
in the scene of the incident with full coordination and among them
some prominent figures .... were also there.
vi. the committee also maintains that the law enforcement forces
were not the cause of the injuries of the university students but
rather the civilian forces inflicted harm and wound upon the
students.
vii. the commander of the law enforcement forces general
hedayotallah lotfian did not issue any orders for the entry of the
forces into tehran university campus. the deputy commander of the law
enforcement forces had relayed the instructions given by the deputy
commander in chief (the (interior minister) to refrain from entering
into the dormitories.
viii. law enforcement forces had been present in the scene of the
incident at 22:00 hrs local time based on assuming a precautionary
measure outside the university dorms and they did not commit
any act contrary to the laws of the nation.
the entry of the law enforcement forces into the dorms at 04:15
hrs local time went against the directives given by the deputy
commander in chief (interior minister).
therefore, it is concluded that the district commander of tehran's
law enforcement forces does not have the capability and competence of
assuming the post of a commander of a megapolis like tehran.
the following people are responsible for the bitter incident:
a. the district commander of tehran's metropolis law enforcement
forces.
b. commander of the special division of the law enforcement
forces.
c. commander of the special police force and plainclothesmen.
d. the deputy commander of the special police force.
e. two commanders of special anti-riot divisions.
f. the deputy commander of the law enforcement forces' central
district of tehran.
g. the personnel of the special police force and other individuals
who had been identified by law enforcement forces."
"some of the elements from the civilian forces have been
identified and they have been summoned for the cross examination
while some others have been detained by the ministry of information.
investigation show that the civilian group were in full
coordination with each other through a special mechanism and were
present in the scene of the confrontation at the tehran university
dorms.
these civilian forces had no link whatsoever with the law
enforcement forces.
on the firing incident, three bullets were fired and the sources
are still not clear to the committee. it should also be said that on
the night of the incident, no student was killed.
at 4:00 hrs in the morning, three bullets were fired in the dorm
as the first incident. the second incident was that one of the
individuals .. of the civilian forces was hit by a bullet.
the third incident is that one police officer and irgc conscript
was hit and after the transfer of the irgc conscript to the hospital,
he passed away.
pm/ah/dh
end
::irna 15/08/99 01:26

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 15 Aug 1999 06:00:54 EDT
From: Bobby Iri <Bobby@WWW.DCI.CO.IR>
Subject: snsc's report on events of tehran university-P 1/2

thr 066
varsity dorm-incident-snsc
snsc's details report on bitter events of tehran university dorm
tehran, aug. 14, irna -- the supreme national security council (snsc)
here saturday issued a detailed report on the bitter events which took
place at tehran university dorms last month.
"the bitter event of the tehran university dorm that had hurt the
leader of the islamic revolution, disheartened the president and
deeply touched the noble people of iran, once again awakened the
people to the reality of the existence of the domestic and foreign
enemies laying in wait to exploit the situation to their own benefits
against the islamic revolution and islamic sovereign state," the
report said.
"however, political awareness of the people, their unique
alertness and their being ever present in the scene once again averted
one of the greatest danger through their epic active presence at the
mass rally on tir 23 (july 14) which made the enemies, mercenaries,
lackeys, opportunists and those lacking identity and personality
totally despondent," the report further added.
"the leader of the islamic revolution and the president were fully
determined to set up a commission that would thoroughly and explicitly
and implicitly look into the causes and the reasons leading up to the
dorm incident and the subsequent insurgencies," said the report.
"the probe commission members included the head of the state
ombudsman organization, the islamic revolution guard corp's (irgc)
intelligence organization, the attorney general of the armed forces
from tehran, head of intelligence department of the irgc and a
representative of the ministry of higher education, two
representatives from ministry of the interior and one from the
minister of information," the communique stated.
the probe commission was chaired by a snsc member at the council's
secretariat. the objectives of the commission were defined as follows:
i. the probe commission was assigned the responsibility of
investigating the initial stage of the formation of this incident,
its gathering and the early student demonstration.
ii. the role of the recognized university student political
groups and those of counter islamic revolution factions.
iii. the presence of law enforcement forces, their conduct and
performance in the different phases of the incident.
iv. the chain of command of the law enforcement forces in
decision making process and the decision making method in relation to
the various stages of the incident.
v. the role of non-recognized groups and the scale of their
influence in the development of the incident.
vi. the scale of the influence exerted by other elements in
shaping the incident.
in order to expedite the investigation the probe commission had
included some other members to set up sub-committees to study the
matter. each working group was assigned a specific job. they were to
report separately on their findings through (a) field study methods,
(b) the study of the documentation and evidences, (c) interviews and
(d) cross examination of the detained suspects.
the thorough investigation took hundreds of hours to arrive at the
following results:
1. the bitter tehran university dorm incident is completely
separate from the subsequent insurgencies which followed.
2. a number of those arrested are still under detention and have
not yet been sentenced and therefore their cannot be made public due
to individual as well as social rights. only the names of those few
detainees who have been handed over to the courts are made known to
the judiciary authorities. the judiciary will in turn make those names
known as soon as its investigations are finalized.
the report said the first phase of demonstration in the making
came about with the gathering of the students in the tehran university
dorm following the ratification of the general outlines of the press
law in the islamic consultative assembly (majlis) and the closure of
the daily 'salam' by the special clerics court.
the demonstration was then projected to the main gate of the
tehran university dorm and thence the first confrontation with the law
enforcement forces who had assembled in front of the gate to maintain
law and order took place.
the law enforcement forces had initially invited the students to
calm and asked them to disperse. the students had taken a law
enforcement conscript into captivity and subsequently released him.
however due to improper conduct of some of the members of the law
enforcement forces on the one side and the fury of the tehran
university students on the other, inflamed the incident and this
confrontation developed into the street demonstration as soon as the
sound of firing was heard.
the second phase developed with the presence of the acting
commander of the central district of tehran's law enforcement forces
due to his improper and unbecoming conduct as an administrator. at
this stage the confrontation gained momentum and some elements seeking
to take advantage of the situation augmented the incident not letting
it cool off.
apart from the unbecoming conduct of the acting commander that
fanned the incident a certain pressure group joined in and further
added fuel to the fire.
the third stage developed when the situation got out of control.
the law enforcement forces initially asked the students to disperse
and return to their dorms but it was too late since some of the law
enforcement forces attacked the students and pushed their way into the
dormitory.
almost 25 to 30 civilian forces took advantage of the situation
and forced their way into the campus. some of the conscripts were
taken captives by the students.
the civilian forces were the cause for major injuries inflicted
upon the students that further infuriated the university students thus
steering the incident into deeper crisis.
interior minister abdulvahed mousavi lari was informed of the
presence and the entry of the law enforcement forces in tehran
university dorms. at that point, negotiations began and the officials
were instructed to take necessary measures and precautions.
pm/ah/dh
more interior minister abdulvahed
mousavi lari was informed of the
presence and the entry of the law enforcement forces in tehran
university dorms. at that point, negotiations began and the officials
were instructed to take necessary measures and precautions.
pm/ah/dh
more
::irna 15/08/99 00:14


continued to the next message...

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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 13 Aug 1999 to 14 Aug 1999
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