Date: Aug 27, 1999 [ 0: 0: 0]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 25 Aug 1999 to 26 Aug 1999

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 25 Aug 1999 to 26 Aug 1999
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There are 5 messages totalling 387 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Dorm Attack Details Revealed At City Council Meeting
2. Citizens are Last on Turkish Military's Agenda
3. US Feared Diana's Mine Campaign
4. Breaking and Entering and Hacking
5. Please


Date: Thu, 26 Aug 1999 11:11:47 -0700
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi@US.ORACLE.COM>
Subject: Dorm Attack Details Revealed At City Council Meeting

University official says sacked Tehran police
chief (Brigadier-General Nazari) was in contact
with national police chief (Brigadier-General Lotfian),
15 minutes before the dorm attack began.

NESHAT report:


Date: Thu, 26 Aug 1999 12:12:56 -0700
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi@US.ORACLE.COM>
Subject: Citizens are Last on Turkish Military's Agenda


The Independent
August 23, 1999

By Robert Fisk

EVERY EARTHQUAKE has its own barbaric timetable:
catastrophe, rescue, survivors, dead, mass burial. Then the
television pictures fade away, just as they do today when
old American movies replace on Turkish television the live
coverage of their country's Golgotha. Bread and circuses
take the place of grief, fantasy replacing horror.

In Turkey, we have just reached the final equation. The
"last" victims dragged from the pancaked houses - be sure
there are a few (or many) still waiting for the rescuers
who will never come, and who will die, gently or in pain -
while their country's leaders declare that "we only need to
trust the power of our nation and our state, and deal with
our problems hand-in-hand". This is what the Turkish Prime
Minister, Bulent Ecevit, said. "We have the strength to
overcome this earthquake very soon."

And we - the West - accept this. Just as we accepted their
word when the Turkish government said that 14, then 100,
then 6,000, then 10,000 were dead, avoiding that critical
figure of the missing - 40,000 to 50,000 - which was
obvious. The government figures were faithfully repeated by
the satellite television reports for at least four days,
obfuscating the real dimension of this epic tragedy. When
50,000 were dead, we went on obediently reporting that a
few thousand had perished. And no one asked the critical
question: what happened to the Turkish army, the defence of
the nation, the creation of Mustafa Kemal Attaturk, upon
whom the Turkish people relied for their protection?

Alas, the long-term lesson of this disaster has not been
mentioned: the defenders of the Turkish people did not
defend them. They tried, up to a point, but they had no

They were untrained, they were unprepared. Somehow, with
our Nato training, they were able to sustain a massive
guerrilla war against Kurdish separatists, and occupy
northern Cyprus, but when they were tested last week, the
Turkish army's performance was pitiful. It turned out that
while they could assault the PKK with US attack
helicopters, they could not even set up soup kitchens for
Turkish civilians 24 hours after the earthquake. They could
"cleanse" the Kurdish towns around Diyarbakir but they
couldn't produce a single earthquake rescue unit around

While tens of thousands of survivors pleaded and screamed
for help, only a few battalions turned out to drag the
concrete from the living and the dead. In Izmit, armoured
vehicles moved through the streets - as if the security
forces wanted to put down an insurrection rather than
rescue the men, women and children dying in the ruins.
While people cried for help in Aydin outside Yalova,
hundreds of soldiers sat in their army trucks in a
stationary convoy inside the town. They were not armed with
picks and shovels and earth-moving equipment, but with
automatic rifles. How many more victims might have been
rescued if the quarter- million-strong army fighting the
Kurds in south-east Turkey had been deployed to the
devastated North-west?

"Turkey is our long-time ally and the people of Turkey are
our friends," President Clinton said yesterday. So why -
instead of selling them our helicopters and fighter bombers
(501) and tanks (4,205) - didn't we train these soldiers to
deal with earthquakes, the most brutal enemy of the Turkish
people? But no, we never encouraged this huge military
power to look after its own people, any more than we forced
it to accept human rights in Turkish Kurdistan. We poured
our outdated Nato weaponry into their armouries after the
Soviet Union collapsed. We wanted to support not our
"friends" - as President Clinton would have it - but our
military ally.

There was an instructive episode in the hours that
immediately followed the earthquake. Even as his people
were dying in their thousands General Huseyin Kivrikoglu,
chief of the Turkish general staff, took time off to visit
Attaturk's tomb in Ankara. After all, he had an important
guest to take there: his American opposite number, General
Henry H Shelton. General Kivrikoglu did not take him to see
the devastation, but spent much of his time in conclave
with the US chief of general staff, the US ambassador and
other American military officers at army headquarters.

After a few words about how America is "sharing" the sorrow
of the Turkish people, General Shelton went on to defend US
bombing policy in Iraq. Did he ask why the all-powerful
Turkish army did not have a single earthquake rescue
brigade, not even a sniffer dog team? It's unlikely. When
you ask Middle East nations to be your policeman, their
citizens are the last people on the agenda.

(c) Copyright. Published by Independent Newspapers (UK) Ltd


Date: Thu, 26 Aug 1999 15:24:57 -0700
From: Arash Alavi <aalavi@US.ORACLE.COM>
Subject: US Feared Diana's Mine Campaign

The Guardian
Thursday August 26, 1999

US feared Diana's mine campaign

Supporters attack legal loophole prompted by American

By Rob Evans and Richard Norton-Taylor

Princess Diana made the campaign to ban landmines an
emotional issue, threatening to sour relations between
Britain and America and to have an adverse effect on Nato,
according to a US intelligence assessment obtained by the

The report, written by an official at the American embassy
in London and classified to be withheld from foreign
governments, also reveals a frank assessment by the US
defence intelligence agency of divisions within Whitehall
over the issue.

Disagreement between the foreign office and the ministry of
defence - which was more sympathetic to US concerns -led to
a US-prompted loophole in the 1998 Landmines Act. The
loophole is attacked today by a Nobel peace prize-winning
independent campaigning group supported by the Diana
Princess of Wales Memorial Fund.

The UK Working Group on Landmines criticises the act for
excluding anti-tank mines, and for allowing British troops
to participate in Nato military operations involving
minelaying so long as they do not actually handle mines
themselves. It also says British and US cluster-bombs -
many of which lie unexploded in Kosovo - should be treated
as anti-personnel mines.

The US intelligence report, dated December 1997, describes
a landmine ban as "a very emotional issue because of the
late Princess Diana's involvement in humanitarian de-mining
and APL [anti-personnel landmine] abolition".

The Ottawa treaty outlawing anti-personnel mines - which
the US has refused to sign - "could have negative effects
upon the Nato alliance and become a divisive issue between
the US and UK", it says.

The report - which was forwarded to the US National
Security Agency - warned that "decisions were being made in
the heat of emotion rather than cold common sense". It
added: "Nato countries could get rid of a defensive weapon
that in a few years' time they might need in an unforeseen
region of Europe or the world."

It describes the MoD as "sympathetic to the United States
requirement for landmines in Korea" and that the ministry
"understands the types of 'smart' mines the US wants to

It continues: "The same could not be said for the foreign
and commonwealth office (FCO). The FCO has just presented
its ethical foreign policy against the sale of weapons to
and support for authoritarian regimes. Its policy toward
landmines will be in favour of a zero tolerance application
of the [Ottawa treaty].

"The pressure that the Labour government will be subjected
to should not be underestimated," it says. "Special
interest groups and public opinion will press the
government to apply the articles of the treaty to the
letter, once it is ratified by the 40 required countries."

It cites, as "an example of the emotional impact of the
landmine debate", public support in 1997 for defence
secretary George Robertson to build on Diana's legacy "to
make sure that innocent, ordinary, decent people in areas
of conflict don't have to suffer from the poisonous legacy
of those who were engaged in conflict".

Princess Diana's involvement in the drive to outlaw
landmines transformed the campaign here and increased
pressure on governments to produce a global ban. In
high-profile trips to Angola and Bosnia, she drew attention
to the suffering of mine victims.

However, she was criticised by Conservative politicians for
straying into the political arena and being "a loose
cannon", "ill-advised" and "not helpful or realistic" in
demanding the abolition of landmines.

The Labour government rushed through an act to sign up to
the Ottawa treaty outlawing mines shortly before the first
anniversary of Diana's death.

However, the UK landmine working group today points to
serious shortcomings in the Landmines Act, which excludes
anti-tank mines as well as other weapons, such as cluster
bombs, which have a similar effect.

"Mines are defined in the act by their design rather than
their impact," Richard Lloyd, the group's spokesman, said
yesterday. By allowing British troops to engage in
operations involving landmines and the US to stockpile
mines on British territory - Diego Garcia in the Indian
ocean - Britain was in breach of the Ottawa treaty it had

The Kosovo war left an estimated 14,000 unexploded cluster
bombs which have killed children, as well as two British
soldiers, and maimed others.

The UK landmines group says the 6.2m the government spends
on mine clearing is far too little given Britain's past
role in manufacturing landmines.

The American defence intelligence agency report was
disclosed to the Guardian following a request under the
United States freedom of information act.


Date: Fri, 27 Aug 1999 00:03:27 GMT
From: Arash Alavi <arash@MY-DEJA.COM>
Subject: Breaking and Entering and Hacking

DOJ Seeks Search Powers For Encryption Keys

(08/20/99, 2:09 p.m. ET)
By Mary Mosquera, TechWeb

A Clinton administration plan to allow law enforcement
to break into homes or offices to obtain computer
passwords to access encrypted data eliminates some
core U.S. civil liberties, privacy groups said Friday.

The Justice Department is planning to ask Congress for
new authority allowing federal agents with search
warrants to secretly break into homes and offices to
obtain passwords, decryption keys to unscramble data,
and implant recovery devices to gather evidence, said
the Center for Democracy and Technology, a
Washington privacy group that obtained a copy of the
Aug. 5 legislative memo.

"This strikes at the heart of the Bill of Rights," said
David Sobel, general counsel for the Electronic Privacy
Information Center, another advocacy group in
Washington. "It would be truly ironic if the use of
encryption, which is designed to protect privacy, gave
the police a green light to secretly break into homes."

Law enforcement said it is hampered in drug
trafficking, terrorism, and child pornography
investigations by unrecoverable encryption, which
allows only the intended receiver to read the data.
Justice officials have told lawmakers in hearings
considering encryption legislation that relaxing export
controls on strong encryption products will spur the
pervasive use of the secure technology. Several
committees have approved the Security and Freedom
Through Encryption, or SAFE Act.

Rep. Bob Goodlatte, (R-Va.), the SAFE Act's principal
advocate, called the Justice proposal unprecedented.

"This is basically the fulfillment of what FBI Director
Louis Freeh said during hearings; that America needs a
new Fourth Amendment on search and seizure for the
information age," Goodlatte said.

Historically, the United States has sought a balance
between protecting the rights of individuals and the
need for law enforcement, the DOJ said in its proposed
Cyberspace Electronic Security Act. Law enforcement
must have the ability to collect evidence of criminal
activity even when encryption software is used.

"Failure to adequately address this need provides
criminals with a safe haven not available before," the
DOJ said in its legislative memo.

The legislation would provide for individual
protections and limits the ability of government to
obtain plain text to specific circumstances, the DOJ

The Cyberspace Electronic Security Act lays down
procedures under which law enforcement can obtain a
search warrant with delayed notice to access evidence.
Investigators already must show probable cause to
gain a search warrant.

"To delay notice, the government must prove that it
has good cause to do so," the DOJ said.

The search warrant may authorize search and seizure
of decryption keys or the installation of a recovery
device that allows plain text to be obtained even if
attempts were made to protect it through encryption,
the DOJ said.

"This boils down to breaking and entering and
hacking," Goodlatte said.

The Justice proposal is a huge expansion of search
procedures and narrowly defined exceptions, said Jim
Dempsey, senior staff counsel at the Center for
Democracy and Technology (CDT). The courts have
historically required that government notify and show
a warrant to the subject of the search.

"The proposal takes extraordinary cases at the fringes
of the law and makes them routine, given the
increasingly ubiquitous nature of computers,"
Dempsey said.

The proposal also details how government can access
keys and other forms of decryption assistance stored
with third parties, CDT said.

The latest administration surveillance plan follows the
revelation last month of the FBI's Federal Intrusion
Detection Network, or FidNet, that will monitor
non-military government computers and the
communications networks of industries such as
banking, telecommunications, and transportation.


Date: Thu, 26 Aug 1999 23:49:01 PDT
From: AIADC antidiscrimination <antidiscrimination@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Please

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End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 25 Aug 1999 to 26 Aug 1999