Date: Oct 8, 1998 [ 0: 0: 1]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 5 Oct 1998 to 7 Oct 1998

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Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 5 Oct 1998 to 7 Oct 1998
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There are 9 messages totalling 369 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. NEWS98 - Torture Widespread in U.S., says Amnesty
2. NEWS98 - Isfahan Prayers Leader Protests Candidate Disqualifications
3. NEWS98 - Detained Tous Editor Hospitalized
4. NEWS98 - Incumbent Approved as Sole Candidate for Zanjan
5. NEWS98 - Montazari Letter Distributed At Student Rally
6. NEWS98 - Paper Defends Press Freedoms
7. NEWS98 - Use of Press for Expressing Opinions Regrettable, says Paper
8. NEWS98 - Habibi Leaves Gathering Over Montazeri Controversy
9. NEWS98 - U.S. Aircraft Landing in Afghanistan?

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Date: Wed, 7 Oct 1998 15:08:42 GMT
From: arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM
Subject: NEWS98 - Torture Widespread in U.S., says Amnesty

The Guardian
Tuesday October 6, 1998


US in dock for prison cruelty

Nick Hopkins on Amnesty report that paints picture of turtore
and sex abuse

Tuesday October 6, 1998

Torture and sexual violence against prisoners is
widespread in jails across the United States,
according to a report published today, which also
accuses the country of wholesale human rights
abuses.

The two-year study by Amnesty International, its
first comprehensive analysis of north America,
accuses the US of failing in its duty to provide a
moral lead to the rest of the free world.

"Across the USA, thousands are victims of human
rights violations," said Pierre Sane, Amnesty's
international secretary-general.

"Too often, human rights in the USA are a tale of two
nations. Rich and poor, white and black, male and
female."

In particular, Amnesty concentrated on the penal
system, where, it claims, the breakdown in basic
human rights has led to atrocities more commonly
associated with authoritarian third world regimes.

The massive increase in the prison population - it has
trebled to 1.7 million in the past 18 years - has put
the system under tremendous strain, resulting in a
shift "away from rehabilitation towards...
incapacitation and punishment".

Overcrowding and a lack of central control have also
provided prison staff with opportunities to exploit
inmates, especially women.

The report cites two recent examples: the
Department of Justice sued Arizona and Michigan
states for failing to protect women from sexual
assaults and "prurient viewing during dressing,
showering and use of toilet facilities".

And earlier this year, the Federal Bureau of Prisons
paid 300,000 to settle a lawsuit brought by three
women who claimed they had been beaten, raped and
sold by guards for sex with male inmates at a federal
prison in California.

The indiscriminate use of leg irons, restraint poles,
restraining chairs, and electro-shock weapons,
including stun belts, stun shields and stun guns, is
also alleged to be common.

There were two other major areas where Amnesty
said it found persistent abuses: brutality by the
police and the "arbitrary, unfair and racist" use of the
death penalty.

The report, Rights For All, claims it has evidence that
police officers regularly beat and shoot suspects who
are not resisting arrest, and that there is widespread
misuse of batons and chemical sprays.

The victims are mostly from ethnic minority
backgrounds, and the officers, who are encouraged
to be aggressive, nearly always seem to get away
without punishment, even when charges are brought
against them.

At a briefing in London, Piers Bannister, one of the
researchers who compiled the 153-page report, said
that racial discrimination within the police was
virulent.

"It makes a mockery of the slogan which many of
them use, 'To Protect and Serve'," he said.

Mr Bannister described how an unarmed African
American, William J. Whitfield, was shot dead in a
New York supermarket on Christmas Day last year
when an officer mistook the keys he was carrying for
a gun.

After the policeman was cleared, it emerged that he
had been involved with eight prior shootings, yet had
not been placed on a monitoring programme. Amnesty
says that black officers have complained of
institutionalised discrimination, pointing out that 23
black undercover detectives have been shot by their
colleagues after being mistaken for suspects.

Though Amnesty has long railed against America's use
of the death penalty, it claims that there has been
another worrying development.

The US has started to execute juvenile offenders, in
clear breach of article six of the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. America was
one of only two countries to opt out of signing this
provision of the treaty, which covers the execution of
minors.

Two men were killed by lethal injection in Texas this
year, even though they were 17 when they
committed their offences, and another 65 juveniles
are on death row across the country.

"Such executions are rare worldwide," the report
says. "Iran, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen
are the only other countries known to have executed
juvenile offenders since 1990."

Amnesty makes a series of recommendations. These
include provision of extra funding for the Justice
Department so that it can properly implement the
Police Accountability Act and provisions of the Violent
Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act.

"The USA has little room for complacency in terms of
human rights, both in terms of some sectors of US
society, and of the country's role in the international
arena," said Mr Sane.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 01:04:04 GMT
From: arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM
Subject: NEWS98 - Isfahan Prayers Leader Protests Candidate Disqualifications

Iran Daily (Journal of Islamic Republic News Agency)
October 7, 1998


Press Watch


Jomhouri-e-Islami in 'For your information' wrote that the
letter of Isfahan Friday prayers leader, Ayatollah Seyyed
Jalaloddin Taheri to the Council of Guardians protesting
the disqualification of some of the candidates for the
elections to the Assembly of Experts, has been circulated
throughout Isfahan city. Taheri wrote it is regret-table to
see the disqualification of some of the candidates,
especially Seyyed Mohammad Mousavi Khoeiniha Vice-President
Abdullah Nouri. The publication of the letter caused
concern among the people over the escalation of tension
throughout the city.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 01:05:43 GMT
From: arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM
Subject: NEWS98 - Detained Tous Editor Hospitalized

Iran Daily (Journal of Islamic Republic News Agency)
October 7, 1998


Press Watch


Arya in 'You Should Better Know' quoted the secretary-
gener-al of the Islamic Revolution's Mujahideen
Organization (IRMO) as saying that, "A member of the
rightist faction has recently announced that they
mistakenly qualified some of the candi-dates (belonging to
the rival faction) for last year's presidential elec-tions
and that they will not make the same mistake again." Arya
also reported that the chief editor of the banned daily
Tous has been hos-pitalized due to a advanced kidney
complication. No one has been allowed to visit Mashallah
Shams-ul-Vaezine. The same paper wrote that the deputy
managing editor of the Farsi-language newspaper
Jomhouri-e-Islami, Seyyed Hussein Husseini has condemned a
state-ment by 270 journalists protesting restrictions
against the print media. He was quoted as saying that they
had made a mistake by issuing such a statement and were
acting on behalf of the Journalists Guild.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 01:07:21 GMT
From: arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM
Subject: NEWS98 - Incumbent Approved as Sole Candidate for Zanjan

Iran Daily (Journal of Islamic Republic News Agency)
October 7, 1998


Press Watch


Asr-e-Azadegan wrote that five of the candidates who have
been qualified by the Council of Guardians in Kerman are
Mohammad Bahrami, Seyyed Ahmad Khatami, Mohammad Ali
Movvahedi Kermani, Abolqasem Vafi and Gholamreza Mesbah
Moqadam. The same paper also wrote that a candidate for the
Assembly of Experts who has been disqualified in Zanjan,
Rahmatollah Bigdeli, has presented documents to the council
for a reconsideration of his credentials. It further noted
that there were only five candidates from Zanjan and only
one got through. The qualified candidate is Ayatollah
Seyyed Ismail Mousavi Zanjani who is presently an expert in
the assembly.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 01:38:06 GMT
From: arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM
Subject: NEWS98 - Montazari Letter Distributed At Student Rally

Iran Daily (Journal of Islamic Republic News Agency)


Tehran University clashes reported


Tehran - A confrontation took place early Tuesday afternoon
near Tehran University between a group of fundamentalist
demonstrators and university students at the end of a
gather-ing called in support of President Mohammad Khatami.

The Law Enforcement Forces intervened to disperse the
demonstrators and arrested sev-eral people in the process.
Between two-to-three thousand people participated in the
event.

It was called by a leftist univer-sity organization to
protest the elimination of a number of can-didates
supporting the president in the Assembly of Experts
elec-tion.

The clashes took place follow-ing the distribution of
copies of a letter said to have been written by Ahmad
Montazari, son of Ayatollah Husseinali Montazari and
addressed to President Mohammad Khatami.

In the letter the younger Montazari complained about police
surveillence on his father.

Hojjatoleslam Seyyed Hadi Khamenei told the gathering which
discussed the status of the experts and the performance of
the Council of Guardians, that in the Islamic system, the
leader is the pivot and the axis around which the
government revolves.

He said, "We all follow the supreme jurisprudent and some
people should not imply that our speech is aimed at
opposing the progressive principle of supreme
jurisprudence."

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 01:40:16 GMT
From: arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM
Subject: NEWS98 - Paper Defends Press Freedoms

Iran Daily (Journal of Islamic Republic News Agency)
October 6, 1998


More publications to be banned?


Tehran - According to some informed sources, in the wake of
a ban on the daily Tous, the weeklies Rah-e Nou and Tavana,
as well as the monthly Iran-e Farda will most probably stop
publication.

Rah-e Nou's managing direc-tor, Akbar Ganji, who was
detained for several months last year, launched the weekly
in May. Tavana started up a year ago with Iraj Rastegar as
its edi-tor- in-chief.

Iran-e Farda on Saturday denied the rumor. In a message
faxed to IRNA by the monthly's managerial staff, it stated
that Iran-e Farda never gave in to the various threats it
faced during its seven years of publishing, always adhering
to its founding principles.

Part of the message reads, "Any act contradictory to the
freedom of the press will not only fail to meet the
objectives of its adventurous initiators but will also not
be to the best inter-ests of the system and the soci-ety in
the long term. The ban on publications naturally hinders
the process of political reform and the establishment of a
civil society." The monthly's editor-in- chief and managing
director is Ezatollah Sahabi.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 01:41:25 GMT
From: arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM
Subject: NEWS98 - Use of Press for Expressing Opinions Regrettable, says Paper

Iran Daily (Journal of Islamic Republic News Agency)
October 6, 1998


Press Watch


Jomhouri-e-Islami in an article entitled 'The expectations
of jour-nalists from the journalism union' wrote that it is
regrettable that people with different ideologies utilize
the press for expressing their political opinions while
press activities are fundamentally different from factional
ones.

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 01:42:22 GMT
From: arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM
Subject: NEWS98 - Habibi Leaves Gathering Over Montazeri Controversy

Iran Daily (Journal of Islamic Republic News Agency)
October 6, 1998


Press Watch


Zan reported that during a round-table on the status of
women in the Islamic system, attended by Ms. Mehrangiz Kar,
Ms. Shahla Habibi and Ms. A'zam Taleqani, Habibi left the
session in protest to two participants who interrupted her
speech when she said "Montazeri" and they tried to correct
her by saying "Ayatollah Montazeri". Another reason for Ms.
Habibi's leaving the session was her objection to somebody
stating that, "People voted for President Khatami because
few candidates were available for the presidential
campaign."

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 01:43:18 GMT
From: arash@MY-DEJANEWS.COM
Subject: NEWS98 - U.S. Aircraft Landing in Afghanistan?

Iran Daily (Journal of Islamic Republic News Agency)
October 6, 1998


Press Watch


Arya in the column 'You should better know' wrote that
there are rumors with regard to the landing of a US
aircraft escorted by two Pakistani jets at Qandahar
airport. It noted that although no information is available
about the purpose of the mission, the US has apparently
backed Taliban in creating tensions along the Afghan-Iran
border.

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 5 Oct 1998 to 7 Oct 1998
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