Date: Nov 26, 1999 [ 1: 28: 55]

Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 23 Nov 1999

From: Automatic digest processor


From ???@??? Fri Nov 26 04:29:21 1999
Return-Path: <owner-DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
Delivered-To: farhad@ALGONET.SE
Received: (qmail 29938 invoked from network); 26 Nov 1999 10:29:05 +0100
Received: from simorgh.gpg.com (HELO corp.arabia.com) (205.158.6.22)
by tung.algonet.se with SMTP; 26 Nov 1999 10:29:05 +0100
Received: from simorgh (simorgh [205.158.6.22])
by corp.arabia.com (8.9.3/8.9.3) with ESMTP id BAA20351;
Fri, 26 Nov 1999 01:28:55 -0800 (PST)
Message-Id: <199911260928.BAA20351@corp.arabia.com>
Date: Fri, 26 Nov 1999 01:28:55 -0800
Reply-To: dni-disc@D-N-I.ORG
Sender: DNI news list <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>
From: Automatic digest processor <D-N-I@D-N-I.ORG>
Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 23 Nov 1999
To: Recipients of DNI-NEWS digests <DNI-NEWS@D-N-I.ORG>

There are 6 messages totalling 385 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Iran-Venezuela to Boost Cooperation Within OPEC
2. FM SPOKESMAN: Economic Advantage Important in Transfer of Energy
3. French Ambassador Impressed by Iran's Ancient Civilization
4. What Is Going on?
5. Mohajerani Says He Is Not Happy with Ruling of Nouri's Court
6. U.N.-Sponsored Regional Seminar on International Law Opens in Tehran

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date: Mon, 22 Nov 1999 16:06:02 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Iran-Venezuela to Boost Cooperation Within OPEC

Iran-Venezuela to Boost Cooperation Within OPEC

IRAN NEWS POLITICAL DESK

TEHRAN -- Venezuelan Energy Minister Ali Rodrigez discussed yesterday with
Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi ways of boosting cooperation within OPEC,
strengthening the organization's stature internationally as well as relations
between the two countries.

Rodrigez referred to the instability in the oil markets adding, "the current
Venezuelan government is fully determined to carry out its pledges to OPEC to
reduce oil production." "We fully support the OPEC policy which if maintained
then, the international oil market will witness more stability," he further
stated.

Quoted by IRNA, he said that Norway has also announced its readiness to
cooperate with OPEC, adding, "with the summit meeting of OPEC scheduled to be
held in Caracas, in addition to strengthening oil prices, the organization's
international standing will also be given a boost."

Kharrazi stressed continuation of the policy of reducing oil production to
strengthen and stabilize the oil prices. He also said: "Currently, when
glamorization has become a priority and large companies of the world merge
together, OPEC countries can, through coordination with one another, become a
pivotal power and play a determining role in the international arena, then
the upcoming summit meeting in Caracas will be successful."

He also termed as "very important" implementing policies to upgrade
technology and reduce oil exploration costs as a means to stabilize and
bolster the price of oil and expressed hope that with cooperation among OPEC
members appropriate measures will be taken.

Welcoming the suggestion, the Venezuelan minister said that given OPEC
history in oil exploration, the countries can, by sharing experiences, take a
big step in shaping the technology used in their oil industry.

He also called for expansion of bilateral political, economic and cultural
ties which was welcomed by the Iranian foreign minister.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 21 Nov 1999 19:10:57 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: FM SPOKESMAN: Economic Advantage Important in Transfer of Energy

FM SPOKESMAN: Economic Advantage Important in Transfer of Energy

IRAN NEWS POLITICAL DESK

TEHRAN -- Spokesman of the Iranian Foreign Ministry Hamid-Reza Asefi,
commenting on the signing of Baku-Ceyhan oil pipeline in Istanbul on
Thursday, said that various routes had been considered for the transfer of
energy.

"But, what is important is the economic advantage," a statement issued by the
Information and Press Department of the Foreign Ministry quoted Asefi as
saying on Friday, according to IRNA.

"No doubt", he stressed, "economy will dominate its logic over political
considerations."

The agreement to finalize the Baku-Ceyhan pipeline was signed in Istanbul on
Thursday by presidents of Turkey Suleyman Demirel, of Georgia Eduard
Shevardnadze and of Azerbaijan Geydar Aliyev with U.S. President Bill Clinton
as a witness. These agreements, which are being actively lobbied in
Washington, envisage the transportation of petroleum in circumvention not
only of Russia, but of Iran, too, which is obviously absolutely inexpedient
from the economic point of view.

The 2.4-billion-dollar pipeline is to run a distance of 1,730 km from Baku in
Azerbaijan Republic to Ceyhan in Turkey. It is to be completed in the year
2004.

Meanwhile, Itar-Tass quoted Mohammed Hussein Adeli, Iranian deputy foreign
minister, who is in charge of economic affairs, has described the plans to
build an oil pipeline from the Caspian Sea to Turkey as expensive and
unprofitable.

Addressing the Monaco International Forum of Politicians and Businessmen on
Friday, the deputy minister said that the enhancement of this 2,000-kilometer
pipeline, to be able to pump only two million barrels of oil a day by 2005,
is an absolutely unprofitable project, which pursues purely political ends.

As an alternative, he offered to use Iranian territory for this purpose. It
will be enough to add to the already existing network only one 500-kilometer
pipeline, running from the north to the south, to be able to pump large
amounts of Caspian Sea petroleum to the existing terminals on the coast of
the Persian Gulf, he stated adding that if the project to transport oil
across Iran is fully implemented by building new pipelines from the north to
the south and from the west to the east of the country, Iran will be ready to
buy Caspian petroleum for transportation to several countries.

The deputy minister stressed that we shall be able to supply oil to Pakistan
and India on one side, and to Turkey and Europe on the other, while the
tariffs for pumping oil across Iran will be much lower. In this connection,
he urged the foreign companies to invest in the projects to transport
petroleum via Iran.

His statement came as a reaction to the multilateral agreements concluded at
Istanbul on deliveries of Caspian Sea energy-carriers to the world markets.

------------------------------

Date: Mon, 22 Nov 1999 16:15:50 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: French Ambassador Impressed by Iran's Ancient Civilization

French Ambassador Impressed by Iran's Ancient Civilization

IRAN NEWS NATIONAL DESK

TEHRAN - French Ambassador Philippe de Suremain in his tour of the historical
sites of city of Shush in Khuzestan Province yesterday said, "Iranian
civilization has impressed me." He visited the Chugha-Zanbil Temple, Shush
Museum, Apadana Palace and historical fort of Shush.

Officials with the local Cultural Heritage Department also briefed the French
ambassador and accompanying delegation on importance and prestige of the
city, IRNA reported.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 21 Nov 1999 19:24:54 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: What Is Going on?

What Is Going on?

HAMSHAHRI ** The daily commented on the recent remarks by the Commerce
Minister Mohammad Shariatmadari who said that there is "total ignorance"
among the officials concerning the facts on Iran's membership in the World
Trade Organization (WTO). It said, "For almost 10 years, high-ranking
economic and political officials have all emphasized the necessity for Iran
to join the WTO. In today's fast-moving world each day of delay in falling
behind means a greater economic gap between Iran and other nations. Shouldn't
we wonder where is place in the global market?"

End of Recession Means 20% Inflation, 12% Unemployment!

ABRARE EQTESADI ** On the recent remarks by the Head of the Central Bank of
Iran (CBI) Mohsen Nourbahksh who had said that the recession was about to
end, the daily said, "The recession is still there. Unemployment is at 12
percent and inflation at 20 percent. So what has prompted the CBI to point
out that now the "economy is stabilized."

Textile Industry Being Destroyed by Illegal Imports

AFARINESH ** In an article on the textile industry, the daily said, "One
reason for the crisis facing the industry is that every year million of
meters of cloth at blow the cost are smuggled in from the East Asian
countries. Therefore, the government has no other alternative but to
restructure both the textile industry and the economy itself."

We Cannot Afford to Make Mistakes Any Longer

SOBHE EMROOZ ** In an interview with the daily, Masood Nili, deputy head of
the Plan and Budget Organization (PBO) for economic affairs, said, "From now
on, the government's errors in adopting right and sound economic policies
will result in irreparable losses to the economy.

In the past, policy shortcomings were not as costly as they would be today."



------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
Afghan-Iranian Border to Reopen from Today

KABUL (AFP) - The Afghanistan-Iran border will be reopened for unlimited
trade from today under an agreement between the two countries, the Taliban
militia's foreign minister announced here yesterday.

Mawlawi Wakil Ahmad Mutawakel told a news conference the agreement was
reached at talks between the Iranian consul and Taliban provincial governor
in the western Afghan town of Herat on the Iran border.

The Islam Qila bordering crossing will be reopened from November 21 for trade
between the two countries, he said.

"The border is going to open tomorrow and there will no limitation on the
trade," he said.

Trade will play a "major role" toward improving relations between the two
countries to the benefit of both Afghans and Iranians, he said.

Islam Qila was closed in summer last year by Iranian authorities after they
massed tens of thousands of troops close to the frontier following the murder
of nine of their diplomats in the northern Afghan city of Mazar-i-Sharif.

The Taliban acknowledged the Iranian nationals had been killed by some
renegade militia soldiers after the Islamic militia seized the city from
opposition forces.

The closure had cut off imports of foodstuffs, fuel, consumer goods and used
cars into Taliban-controlled territory from the Persian Gulf, cutting a
lucrative source of revenue for the militia.

The Taliban had ordered Iranian diplomats out of Kabul after seizing the
capital in September 1996.

Mutawakel said it was too early to talk about re-opening the Iranian Embassy
in Kabul.

The religious militia, which controls most of Afghanistan, has frequently
accused Iran of giving military and financial backing to the anti-Taliban
forces led by Commander Ahmad Shah Masood.

The alliance holds a slice of territory in the northeastern regions.

In Kabul, the price of flour has already started falling following earlier
reports on the re-opening of the borders with Iran, providing relief to the
hard-pressed citizens.

"No Iranian flour has actually arrived here yet, but the news of the
re-opening border had an immediate impact on the prices," shopkeeper Ali Juma
said.

The Afghani currency has also started regaining value, money changers said.

"One dollar can fetch only 46,000 afghanis now, while it was exchanged for
53,000 a week ago," one said.

The price of wheat, the staple food across the country, skyrocketted after
Pakistan's new military government last month tightened controls on
crossborder trade into landlocked Afghanistan, which depends on imports to
meet its food demands.

Mutawakel said an Afghan delegation, which is currently in Pakistan to
discuss lifting the restrictions, had made progress at ongoing talks in
Islamabad.

Earlier the Afghan Islamic Press, based in Pakistan, said traffic had already
started across the border following the agreement.

It quoted Herat's governor as saying the Taliban government was keen to
improve relations with Iran.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 20 Nov 1999 02:20:45 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Mohajerani Says He Is Not Happy with Ruling of Nouri's Court

Mohajerani Says He Is Not Happy with Ruling of Nouri's Court

IRAN NEWS POLITICAL DESK

TEHRAN -- Ataollah Mohajerani, minister of culture and Islamic guidance, said
here Wednesday that he was not happy with the ruling of the court on the
indictment of the publisher of the Persian daily `Khordad'.

Talking to reporters, Mohajerani said that Nouri was to offer his last
defense and that it was not fair of the court to issue its ruling prior to
reading or hearing his concluding defense.

Furthermore, Mohajerani disagreed with ruling of the court, dealing with the
case of Shamsolvaezin, the chief editor of the banned daily `Neshat', and
with its view that the daily's case did not concern the press, IRNA reported.

When the issue on debate is an article published in the press, then the
offense should be considered as one concerning the press, said Mohajerani,
adding that however, one should wait for the view of the judge and of the
press experts and the final results.

After the court verdict, one can appeal against it, added the minister.

Asked whether more dailies would be closed done before the sixth
parliamentary elections, Mohajerani said that closure of a daily or
periodical will not suppress the press and press freedoms.

However, he said, there is the possibility of the closure of periodicals.

The minister also said the Press Supervisory Board and Judiciary officials
are to attend a joint meeting to survey press-related affairs.

Mohajerani said Head of Tehran Justice Department Alizadeh, Head of the
Special Court for the Clergy (SCC) Gholamhussein Mohseni Ejeie and Judiciary
Chief's Judicial Adviser Izadpanah are to attend the meeting.

He said the meeting of the Press Supervisory Board and Press Jury Board is
also to be held in future.

The minister of culture and Islamic guidance expressed hope that affairs
would go on in the way so that nobody would think that judicial system's
performance is in line with restriction of press freedom.

He said the more the Jame-e Rowhaniyat-e Mobarez (JRM) and the Majma-e
Rowhaniyoun-e Mobarez (MRM) as well as the Association of Qom Seminary
Theologians, who played top role during Revolution and after it, hold talks
the more the atmosphere would be tranquil and safe.

Asked whether `the Freedom Movement of Iran', whose name has not come in the
list of the Article 10 of Interior Ministry concerning parties, would be able
to have electoral campaign during the sixth parliamentary elections,
Mohajerani said the issue should be taken up and decided upon by the
commission in charge of Article 10 of Political Parties.

Asked whether the JRM has not received any license from the commission in
charge of Article 10 concerning Political Parties, Mohajerani said this, too,
should be raised as a problem.

If all groups are to receive license for activity from the commission in
charge of Article 10 of the Interior Ministry, then the JRM can not be an
exception, he added.

------------------------------

Date: Sun, 21 Nov 1999 19:15:30 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: U.N.-Sponsored Regional Seminar on International Law Opens in Tehran

U.N.-Sponsored Regional Seminar on International Law Opens in
Tehran------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------


IRAN NEWS POLITICAL DESK

TEHRAN -- The Geneva-based United Nations Institute for Training and Research
(UNITAR), U.N. Office for Legal Affairs and Iran's Foreign Ministry's
Institute for Political and International Studies (IPIS) have jointly
organized a regional seminar in Tehran on international law which opened here
yesterday.

Representatives from Egypt, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Sudan and
Yemen took part in the regional seminar.

According to IRNA, the participants will attend a training course on the
United Nations assistance for training in international law.

Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister for Educational and Research Affairs Sadeq
Kharrazi, delivering a keynote speech, said international law is the
guarantor of existence of human communities and a blueprint for relations
between the states and settlement of conflicts.

Kharrazi said the technology revolution has made relations between human
communities complicated and brought into existence new phenomena which should
observe regulations at the global level.

The deputy foreign minister also said terrorism, environment degradation and
weapons of mass destruction are examples of such modern phenomena.

Kharrazi said the international law is the necessity of the modern day and
the Islamic Republic of Iran supports the international community's plan to
establish the international criminal court to guarantee the international
law.

In promoting the international law, different cultures should be taken into
account, he said, adding that if the international law had contradiction with
values of the nations, its application would face difficulty.

Kharrazi recommended that the religious values and sanctities should not be
ignored in the international law. These values help the international law
contribute to justice and campaign against hegemony, he added.

The Iranian deputy foreign minister said peace and security would be
accessible under the international law and the United Nations is required to
work to fulfill the expectations of the world community to democratize the
structure of the United Nations.

------------------------------

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 23 Nov 1999
************************************