Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 30 Nov 1999

There are 10 messages totalling 792 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. France for Expansion of Relations with Iran, French Diplomat
2. Shamsolvaezin Sentenced to 3 Years Imprisonment
3. Leader Answers Student Questions
4. Nouri's Sentence Makes Him A National Hero
5. Fwd: Abdollah Nouri jailed for 5 years ...
6. Kargozaran Party Protests Against Verdict in Nouri's Case
7. SHIN JANG-BUM: Iran Is S. Korea's Economic Partner
8. 45-Year Sentence In Teen's Slaying
9. News Flash: Amnesty Int.: Iranian Courts used to suppress
political opinion...
10. News Flash 2: Amnesty Int.: HR must be central component of
multilateral invest

Date: Sun, 28 Nov 1999 21:06:40 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: France for Expansion of Relations with Iran, French Diplomat

France for Expansion of Relations with Iran, French Diplomat


TEHRAN - French Ambassador to Tehran Philippe de Suremain in a meeting with
Governor General of Isfahan Province Jafar Mousavi in Isfahan yesterday
called for expansion of relations between Iran and France in all dimensions.

Suremain, praising Isfahan as a city which enjoying international fame,
especially among the French people, said that a major city like Isfahan can
make considerable income.

"Isfahan is a city that any foreign tourist should visit," he said, quoted by

What is important for France is to expand ties and cooperation with Iran not
only at bilateral but at regional levels, the French diplomat said.

Mousavi also said that Isfahan was ready to establish relations with France.

The two sides at the meeting reviewed way of promoting bilateral ties in
areas of transportation, telecommunications, culture and tourism.

Date: Sun, 28 Nov 1999 21:07:49 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Shamsolvaezin Sentenced to 3 Years Imprisonment

Shamsolvaezin Sentenced to 3 Years Imprisonment

Court Sentences Nouri to 5-Year-Prison Term, Khordad Closed Down


TEHRAN - Abdullah Nouri, the managing director of the Persian daily `Khordad'
was sentenced to five years imprisonment, five years of dismissal from his
post as the managing director of the daily and 15 million rials cash fine, it
was announced here yesterday.

Ms. Fariba Davoudi, head of the Public Relations Office of the daily Khordad,
said according to the verdict, the daily Khordad will be also closed.

Khordad editor in chief, Ali Hekmat, said that because bail was not accepted
in Abdullah Nouri's case and that the verdict of the Special Court for the
Clergy (SCC) is final and unappealable, Nouri will be transferred to prison

"This verdict was a violent and angry reaction by conservatives," IRNA quoted
the editor in chief of Nouri's popular pro-reform Khordad daily, which was
ordered closed as part of the verdict.

Hekmat told journalists in the paper's offices that the verdict by the SCC,
which Nouri repeatedly denounced as "illegal," was "a slap in the face" to
Khatami and a "tough blow for the reform movement."

But he said his boss had been "pessimistic from the outset of the trial," one
of the most important here in the last 20 years after Nouri mounted an
unprecedented challenge to the ruling clerical regime.

The former vice president and interior minister was convicted of spreading
"anti-Islamic" propaganda in Khordad among an array of charges put forward by
the SCC.

Security forces took Nouri directly to Tehran's Evin Prison in an armored
vehicle yesterday following the sentence handed down by judge Mohammad Salimi.

Meanwhile, Branch 1,410 of Tehran's Public Court sentenced Mashallah
Shamsolvaezin, the editor in chief of the banned `Neshat' daily to three
years imprisonment and 12 million rials cash fine, the Public Relations
Office of Tehran Province's Justice Department announced here yesterday.

Shamsolvaezin was convicted on charges of forgery, forging document and
publishing two articles insulting Islamic sanctities in the banned daily

According to the verdict, he was sentenced to a six-month- prison term for
the forgery, 12 million rials fine for the use of a forged document and a
2.5-year-prison term for publishing the two sacrilegious articles, the Public
Relations Office of Tehran Justice Department pointed out.

Reason for Khordad's Closure Was Our Rejecting of the Taboos, Hekmat

Ahmad Hekmat, editor in chief of the now-banned daily Khordad, in an
interview with journalists said yesterday, "We found that we had to only act
based on the justice and our sole criteria for this was the Constitution". As
we had been rejecting to accept the taboos, he continued, our newspaper was
shattered down.

He also pointed out that the Khordad office is now after launching a new
daily to replace the banned one to any price. However, as the issue is
intermingled with Nouri's imprisonment, we have to be more cautious.

He did not set a date for publishing the new daily but said "we would not
leave our readership alone."

The new paper's name has not been determined as yet but we have held talks
with the country's newspapers on the issue and we call upon our colleagues in
Khordad to regularly be present at their work to go ahead with the
activities, he remarked.

Expressing regret over the issues does not suffice to solve the problems, he
said and added that the President as the guardian of the Constitution should
react against these issues more seriously than before while informing the
public of the development taking place in the country.

Asked whether Hashemi Rafsanjani would stand for the upcoming parliamentary
race and whether he could secure most of the votes, he said: "I am quite sure
that if Nouri was allowed to run for the race Rafsanjani would refrain from
doing so."

"I hope that the public would mull over Nouri's remarks during his defense
and avoid any trouble like the July varsity incidents," he concluded.

Date: Mon, 29 Nov 1999 08:00:48 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Leader Answers Student Questions

Leader Answers Student Questions


TEHRAN - Following is the second part of excerpts of a question and answer
session held at Sharif Technical University between the Leader of the Islamic
Revolution, Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei, and the university students.

Q. Do you see the performance of Special Court for Clergy (SCC) as fair?

A. Its performance is legal; I can not really make a judgment about the
ruling issued in every single case whether the ruling is 100 percent fair or
not; but as far as I have seen there has not been any unfair decision made on
the part of the court; if there happens to be any evidence showing the unfair
performance of the court, of course it can be followed up.

Q. Is existence of such a court in accordance with the Constitution?

A. Yes, and completely; if SCC has not been in accordance with the
Constitution during 17 years of its existence, certainly continuation of
court would have stopped.

Q. How long do you plan to remain silent against different political factions
destroying unity; of course I know that you do warn them but now that with
the grace of Almighty God President Khatami has been able to show the
peaceful picture of Iran to the world, is it not better to create an
atmosphere in the country for the government to do its job; if we are
Muslims; if the political factions like to do good deed in Iran, is it not
better to strengthen Islam instead of weakening each other?

A. I strongly agree with the person asking the question; fortunately about
the issue you have raised I have not been silent; I repeatedly have talked to
different political factions whether in their own meetings or in joint
meetings or else; I have talked about it in the Friday Prayers that let the
feelings of people be a driving force for all factions to move toward unity;
by unity I do not mean for all factions to exist as one entity but for all
factions to cooperate and let things move forward.

Q. Does your support of government and person of President Khatami also mean
believing in the policies of government and person of the President?

A. I have supported President Khatami and continue to do so; I see it as a
commitment; I also support the government as a whole. Of course there are
individuals in the government with whose policies I do not agree; they know
it themselves and the people in charge know it also; the people might not be
aware of it or it might not be necessary; but for those who needed to know,
they knew it; I have made criticism when I saw necessary; at times that I
felt necessary, I reacted accordingly; but as far as I have so far seen from
the performance of government there is nothing wrong with it.

Q. If there should be some difficulty in policies and performances, should
one express it? How? How can one express it without being accused of going
against your words in support of the government?

A. I have never prevented criticism; there is nothing wrong with honest and
responsible criticism... If we look upon certain people as being able to
solve, say the problems of the economy, we ought to support them ... If we do
not support them, how can we expect that they will do what we expect them to
do? I think it is every one's duty to support the people in charge of the
country. Of course, only as long as they move in line with the policies of
Islam and of the Imam. Any one who deviates from the path of Islam and the
Imam does not deserve our support; this is same for every one from top to
bottom; this also goes for me if, God, forbid I deviate from the path of
Islam it will not be necessary for the people to support me; in case of
misunderstanding it should not be a reason for people to stop their support
for the people in charge of the country. I would like you all to know that
the power of this country is due to the fact that people and government orld
can you find this unity; even in democratic countries you cannot witness
officials... to sit down and have an intimate and sincere talk with the
people without people being afraid of the official and without the official
having any fear and without his feeling alienated from the people. This, too,
we have because of Islam and religion.

The unity between the government and the people is as the result of Islam. It
is the one thing that we should not miss. The interrelation between the
people and government administrators, and the support of the government for
the people and of the people for the government as well as the pleasantly
effective relations between the two of them is highly valuable..."

Date: Sun, 28 Nov 1999 21:04:22 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Nouri's Sentence Makes Him A National Hero

Nouri's Sentence Makes Him A National Hero


TEHRAN - The Special Court for the Clergy (SCC) yesterday sentenced
Hojjatoleslam Abdullah Nouri to five years imprisonment and a cash fine of 15
million Rials. The court also ordered his newspaper, Khordad, to close down.
Since the SCC's sentence cannot be appealed, Mr. Nouri was transferred to

Ali Movahedi Savoji, a representative (MP) from Tehran, told IRAN NEWS: "In
my opinion, the ruling of the SCC is quite acceptable. As a matter of fact,
any ruling by the Judiciary Branch is correct." Savoji, who is a well known
right wing politician, was asked by IRAN NEWS if Mr. Nouri's sentence would
have a negative impact on the new amiable atmosphere created among the
opposing political groups? He replied: " The amiability among the `insider
groups' who believe in the Islamic Republic regime is meaningful. However,
neither Abdullah Nouri, considering the positions that he took during his
defense, nor his supporters belong to the insider groups."

Elias Hazrati, an MP from Rasht and member of the left faction (reformist
supporters of President Khatami) told IRAN NEWS: "We can only express our
sorrow. What else can we say?" He added: "This acts would only hamper the
creation of an amiable atmosphere among the different factions of the
country. I believe that public opinion would reject this ruling, because
neither the court nor the sentence is judicial. Everything is political!"

Abdullah Nouri is one of the prominent political figures of the Islamic
Republic of Iran (IRI) who is being sent to prison on the ruling of the SCC.
He has held several high positions since the beginning of the revolution. As
a matter of fact, he has had the privilege of being appointed by the late
Supreme Jurisprudent himself to sensitive positions. He was appointed twice
to the post of Minister of Interior.

He was appointed by Imam Khomeini (RH) to be a member of the Council for
Reviewing the Constitution. The Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei,
also appointed him to be a member of the Expediency Council.

What is so surprising to everyone at this point is the fact that the
trustworthy and reliable figures of pre and post-revolutionary period are
being set aside one by one through the rulings of courts which owe their very
existence to the same revolutionary figures.

Prior to Nouri's conviction, Seyed Mohammad Khoiniha, the editor in chief of
the Salam Daily was convicted by the SCC. Mr. Khoiniha also held several high
official positions, including the post of Attorney General during the time of
the late Imam Khomeini (RH).

The continuation of this trend, which has so far brought about the conviction
of revolutionary and political figures, will definitely lead to eventful
crises for the system. Perhaps, the first reaction to this sort of
performance would be seen in the upcoming Majlis elections on February 18,

what can be definitely said at this juncture in connection with the above
malpractice cases is that the present trend would only lead to the creation
of heroes among the people. For instance, Hojjatoleslam Mohsen Kadivar, who
was a cultural figure, attained widespread renown upon his conviction in the
SCC and became a national hero. Nouri's status will also be elevated by the
people and he will become their new hero.

Date: Sat, 27 Nov 1999 21:04:22 EST
Subject: Fwd: Abdollah Nouri jailed for 5 years ...

TEHRAN, Nov 27 (AFP) - Leading Iranian reformer
Abdollah Nuri was jailed Saturday immediately after
being sentenced to five years in prison by a hardline
religious court, court officials said.

Nuri was taken to Tehran's Evin prison
after the Special Court for Clergy gave him a
five-year jail term for spreading "anti-Islamic"
propaganda following one of the most high-profile
court cases here in the last 20 years.

The former interior minister, a close
ally of President Mohammad Khatami, was also slapped
with a five-year ban on press activities and his
popular Khordad paper was ordered closed.

Date: Mon, 29 Nov 1999 07:58:15 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Kargozaran Party Protests Against Verdict in Nouri's Case

Kargozaran Party Protests Against Verdict in Nouri's Case


TEHRAN - The Kargozarn-e Sazandegi (Executives of Construction) Party in a
statement which was released following an emergency session of the party's
central council Saturday, protested against the court ruling in the case of
Abdullah Nouri and called for cancellation of the verdict.

The statement said, "The deplorable report on the heavy, unconventional and
unjust conviction of Hojjatoleslam Abdullah Nouri, the honorable member of
the Expediency Council and managing director of the daily Khordad, is a cause
of suffering and concern."

"Doubtlessly", the statement said, "Nouri is one of the reputable, reasonable
and popular personalities of the Islamic Iran," adding that lack of
consideration of his religious and social status in the verdict will lead to
the weakness of the system, the clergy and the judicial apparatus of the

Pointing to Nouri's conviction of having insulted late Imam Khomeini (R.H.),
the statement said history of the Revolution bears witness to the fact that
among present statesmen in the country not many people can be named whose
kinship with the founder of the Islamic Republic can be stronger than Nouri.

The party in its statement protested against the verdict of the Special Court
for the Clergy (SCC) and called for cancellation of the ruling and for
transfer of the case to a competent court, IRNA reported.

The SCC on Saturday sentenced Abdullah Nouri to a five-year- imprisonment
term, barred him from journalistic activities for five years and fined him 15
million rials in cash.

Date: Sun, 28 Nov 1999 21:03:15 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: SHIN JANG-BUM: Iran Is S. Korea's Economic Partner

SHIN JANG-BUM: Iran Is S. Korea's Economic Partner

IRI Can Succeed in Its Industrialization Program


TEHRAN - S. Korea is determined to be deeply involved in Iran's Third
Five-Year Economic Development Plan starting March 2000, and would put its
20-year experience in industrial development at Tehran's disposal, Korean
Ambassador Shin Jang-Bum told IRAN NEWS, in a recent interview.

S. Korea's top diplomat, who is an experienced economist, said he was
impressed by the practical implications of Iran's 3rd Economic Development
Plan: "I believe that Iran is the only country in the region which can
succeed in its industrialization programs through a realistic appraisal of
practical development plans."

The ambassador said Iran has a high level of general education and its
national literacy rate is one of the highest in the region which, together
with its economic power as a major oil producer and its proud history and
culture has created a strong national pride: "This kind of national pride can
be a major driving force to bolster the national will that will overcome
economic problems. Morale is an indispensable tool for success in an economic
development program." The emissary stressed that Iran had already mastered
some technological know-how, but added that realistic appraisal and
intelligent planning were other major ingredients for success.

The economist come-envoy said considerations such as job creation, minimizing
government interference and dismantling clumsy national monopolies would
stabilize the market and create a sound exchange market. "Investments must be
lured from home and abroad to ensure the success of the 3rd 5-Year
Development Plan in Iran, maintained the ambassador.

South Korea has recently emerged from a severe economic crisis. The envoy
stated that his country had weathered the storm and welcomed new
opportunities for bilateral cooperation in the wake of Iran's 3rd Development
Plan. He said his country was in a dominant position in Southeast Asia, close
to Japan and China, and referred to the pivotal role of Iran at the gateway
to the Central Asian Republics and in relation to its Arab neighbors on the
Persian Gulf littoral coast.

"I emphasize that we do not regard Iran only as a market, but our economic
partner. We want to be involved in the Iranian industrialization process by
transferring technology and industrial facilities. We want to pave the way to
bolstering the Iranian export market with jointly produced products earmarked
for world markets," stated H.E. Shin Jang-Bum.

"This is why we have focused on extensive industrial cooperation between our
two countries," he stressed.

"I think that this kind of economic cooperation should be based on mutual
confidence and joint benefits which is called a `win win game'. This is our
mutual guideline for present and future economic cooperation," he maintained.

Speaking in the context of the global economy and linkage, the envoy said: "I
think that we are living in the global village, so our interaction is
unavoidable for acquiring we need in the world." South Korea is Iran's third
largest trade partner, while Iran is the third major oil supplier to South

He referred to Iran's enormous natural resources including oil, gas and other
minerals, and said: "These natural resources are crucial for
industrialization." S. Korea is a member of the Organization for Economic and
Development Cooperation (OECD), and the ambassador suggested that the two
countries can use each others' potential to their mutual advantage.
Tehran-Seoul relations date back to the 1960s. "In 1997, our total volume of
trade stood at $2.4 billion, of which S. Korean imports amounted to $1.8
billion. In 1998, at the onset of the Southeast Asian recession and economic
crisis, volume of trade fell to $1.7 billion, of which South Korea's share of
imports was $1 billion. I am sure that in the current year, total figures
will top $2 billion. I think Korea's imports from Iran stand at around $1.5
billion, while S. Korean exports to Iran add up to half the volume of its
imports," Ambassador Shin said.

Discussing the auto manufacturing, he said SAIPA , Iran Khodro and Kerman
Motor Company are cooperating with South Korean companies, namely KIA Motors
Company and the Daewoo Group.

"These automakers represent the Korean contingent that regularly cooperates
with Iran. The long term cooperation and the concerted efforts of both sides
is reflected in the successful culmination of SAIPA company in making the
Pride model. We can virtually state that the Pride is not a S. Korean car but
it is an Iranian car," stated the envoy.

Iran Khodro is also involved with the S. Korean contingent. Ambassador Shin
said, adding: "We are supplying parts and component technology to the
company, and are cooperating on the production of minibuses, multi-trucks as
well as city buses. We are also willing to cooperate with Iran Khodro on
making its new Paykan which is called Persia.

The Korean Daewoo Group is cooperating with the Kerman Motor Company in a
joint venture to produce Daewoo's Cielo as well as the new small car named

"We are discussing the manufacturing of containerships in Iran with the
Persian Gulf Shipbuilding Company in Bandar Abbas. And also we agreed to have
governmental-level meeting on telecommunication cooperation," stated H.E.
Shin Jang-Bum. To be continued ...

Date: Tue, 30 Nov 1999 12:58:05 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: 45-Year Sentence In Teen's Slaying

(Sorry but I just could not send this without adding my comment to it, it
is amazing that in country who has signed the international threaty of the
UN for childrens right, a 17 years old kid can be sentenced to 45 years in
prison, like an adult /Farhad)

By Katherine Shaver Washington Post Staff Writer Tuesday, November 30,
1999; Page B08

They arrived in America as children escaping political turmoil in their
native Iran. They met as teenagers in Maryland, where, family and
friends say, both got caught up in drugs. He sold. She bought.

Yesterday, in a Montgomery County courtroom, Shiva Dayani, 17, was
sentenced to 45 years in prison in the slaying of Ali Rabonik, 18, who
died of a shotgun blast to his face during a confrontation that left
another teenager wounded in a Gaithersburg home. She will be almost 40
before she is eligible for parole.

Pointing out Dayani's and Rabonik's similar backgrounds, defense
attorney Paul Stein told the judge, "Perhaps they were both robbed of a

Dayani, of Olney, was the last of three defendants sentenced in the
fatal home invasion. Dayani pleaded guilty to 15 charges, including
second-degree murder and attempted second-degree murder. Joshua
Friedman, 20, was sentenced in September to 34 years, and the getaway
driver, Chelsa Sommer, 19, was sentenced in October to 25 years.

Montgomery County Circuit Court Judge Paul H. Weinstein called Dayani's
case "perhaps the most difficult" in his 16 years on the bench in which
to impose sentence. He said he was troubled by both the "severity" of
the crime and Dayani's youth.

After weighing both, Weinstein told Dayani, "I'm convinced . . . that
you knew what you were doing."

Assistant State's Attorney Peter Feeney said Dayani and her two friends
broke into the two-story house on Brucar Court armed with a loaded and
cocked handgun, a loaded shotgun and a knife. After the defendants taped
the mouths, ankles and wrists of some of the five occupants, a struggle
broke out, and Dayani stabbed Jamil Numan once in the back, Feeney said.

As Dayani was about to plunge the knife into Numan's chest or stomach,
Feeney said, Rabonik came to his friend's aid and struggled with Dayani
before the shotgun discharged in Friedman's hands, hitting Rabonik at
close range.

Stein argued that Dayani and her two friends had planned only to rob
those in the house and brought the weapons "just to scare them." Someone
had sold them bad cocaine the week before, Stein said, and, feeling
"ripped off," they came to recover their money.

As Rabonik's friends and family dabbed their eyes nearby, Dayani said
she wanted to apologize to Rabonik's friends and relatives as well as
her own. She showed no emotion until her eyes turned teary when the
sheriff's deputies clicked the handcuffs behind her back.

Rabonik's uncle Syd Nasadzadeh said Rabonik had just completed drug
treatment and was working for a family Internet company, trying to turn
his life around, when he was killed. "He was just there at the wrong
time," Nasadzadeh said.

© Copyright 1999 The Washington Post Company

Date: Tue, 30 Nov 1999 19:35:13 -0800
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: News Flash: Amnesty Int.: Iranian Courts used to suppress
political opinion...

Iran Daneshjoo Organization News Service -

* News Release Issued by the International Secretariat of Amnesty
International *

Iranian Courts used to suppress political opinion and journalistic freedom

News Service 225/99
AI INDEX: MDE 13/29/99

30 November 1999

The prison sentences handed down to the managing director of the daily
newspaper Khordad and the editor of the daily newspaper Asr-e Azadegan (Era
of The Free) reflect the increasing use of special courts to imprison
individuals involved in journalism.
They also limit social and political debate in advance of the 19 February
2000 parliamentary (Majlis) elections, Amnesty International said today.

"Abdollah Nouri and Mashallah Shamsolva'ezin have been imprisoned for
publishing articles that express the beliefs of writers whose views are at
odds with elements of the authorities," the organization said.
"We consider both men as prisoners of conscience and call on the Islamic
Republic of Iran to release them immediately and unconditionally."

On 27 November Hojjatoleslam Abdollah Nouri of Khordad was sentenced to
years' imprisonment by the Special Court for The Clergy (SCC) (Dadgah-e
Vizhe-ye Ruhaniyat). Mashallah Shamsolva'ezin, of Asr-e Azadegan, was
sentenced to three years' imprisonment by the Press Court.

"What is clear is that these newspapers -- which are a forum for public
debate and have dealt with areas that have until recently been considered
taboo -- have come into conflict with powerful groups opposed to any change
in the status quo," Amnesty International said.

Abdollah Nouri, a former Interior Minister and Vice President, faced 20
charges including accusations of publishing "anti-Islamic" articles,
insulting government officials, promoting friendly relations with the
States of America and giving publicity to Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri,
under house arrest since 1997.

Abdollah Nouri, widely seen as an ally of President Khatami, recently
resigned from his position on the Tehran city council and reportedly
declared his intention to present himself as a candidate in the February
2000 parliamentary (Majlis) elections -- where he was tipped to become
Speaker, formally the third most powerful position in the country after the
Supreme Leader and President.

In his defence it is reported that he upheld the rights of a variety of
groups and theologians to present their views in his newspapers, a right,
stated that "was protected under the Iranian constitution".
He also claimed that the Special Court for the Clergy (SCC) was "unlawful
and incompetent" to deal with this case. Amnesty International has
repeatedly expressed its concerns that trials before the SCC frequently
short of minimum international standards for fair trial.

Amnesty International is also concerned about the trial procedures followed
in the trial of newspaper editor, Mashallah Shamsolva'ezin, who was
on 2 November on charges of "insulting Islam".
This related to articles that appeared in the now closed newspaper, Neshat
(Happiness) for which he was editor. He was not able to post the 500m Rial
bail (approx $167 000) and was detained at Evin Prison.

New charges brought against him alleged that he forged both an article and
the signature of an author whose work was printed in Neshat. The article
questioned the the validity of death penalty in Iran.

During his trial Mashallah Shamsolva'ezin questioned the legality of the
court, for reasons including the absence of the Press Court Jury. He
reportedly observed that it had "no legal basis".

Under current Iranian press legislation, it is the publisher and the writer
rather than the editor of an article who is legally responsible for the

Background While the Iranian press continues to exercise a remarkable
of independence it has been under recurrent pressure from opposing factions
using the absence of enforceable legal guarantees for freedom of

Abdollah Nouri was tried by the Special Court for the Clergy, whose judges
and prosecutor are appointed by the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
and are accountable to him, not the Head of the Judiciary, Ayatollah
Hashemi Shahrudi, who was appointed in August.

Indeed, his trial was brought to an abrupt end on 11 November by the judge,
Mohammad Selimi, who prevented Abdollah Nouri from reading out his defence
and gave him 10 days to submit the text of his defence.
On 17 November it was reported that the jury declared him guilty on 15 of
the 20 charges against him, even before the final defence statement was

It has been reported that Abdollah Nouri does not intend to appeal against
the sentence, since he did not recognise the court or its verdict.
sentencing he was taken to Evin prison and his newspaper Khordad has now
been banned for an indefinite period of time.

The trial of Mashallah Shamsolva'ezin, in Court 1410 -- the court usually
used for Press Law cases -- started on 9 November. Judge Said Mortazavi
ruled at the outset that the Press Court jury would not be required for the
During the trial proceedings, his lawyer, Mohammad Seyfzadeh was sentenced
to five days in prison for "disturbing the order of the court". Mashallah
Shamsolva'ezin has previously indicated that he would appeal the sentence.

Both men were ordered to pay fines up to $5000.

Iran is a state party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political
Rights (ICCPR).
Amnesty International has repeatedly urged the authorities to honour the
guarantees of fair trial and freedom of expression in accordance with
Articles 14 and 19, respectively of the ICCPR.

For more information please see Iran - Human Rights Violations Against
Religious Leaders and Their Followers (AI Index MDE 13/18/97).

Amnesty International, International Secretariat, 1 Easton Street, WC1X
London, United Kingdom


The SMCCDI News Service has been created in order to inform the World
about the Student Movement and the struggle of the Iranian People to
establish a Secular and Democratic Regime in Iran based on the choice of
Iranians in a Free Election under International Observation.

Your comments, articles, news, opinions and communiqués are welcome and
shall be sent to:

(You'll need to specify if you wish your name and/or e.mail address to be

phone: +1 (972) 504-6864

Date: Tue, 30 Nov 1999 19:55:27 -0800
From: "Aryo B. Pirouznia" <aryopirouznia@EMAIL.MSN.COM>
Subject: News Flash 2: Amnesty Int.: HR must be central component of
multilateral invest

Amnesty International: Human rights must be central component of
multilateral investment rules

* News Release Issued by the International Secretariat of Amnesty
International *

Human rights must be central component of multilateral investment rules

News Service 224/99
AI INDEX: IOR 30/10/99

30 November 1999

There is a worrying absence of any meaningful discussion on human rights
safeguards at the World Trade Organization's negotiations in Seattle,
Amnesty International said today.

"No agreement on further investment liberalisation -- such as the
Multilateral Agreement on Investment or its successors -- should be
formalised until a comprehensive analysis of its impact on human rights
protection has been carried out," the human rights organization said.
"In the absence of such analysis, any negotiations are premature"

"Multinational investors -- wherever they choose to operate -- have a
responsibility to protect human rights," the organization added.
"This includes protecting the human rights of their own employees and the
rights of the members of the communities where they have economic

The human rights organization takes no position on further trade
liberalisation or the creation of an international framework and set of
regulations to govern foreign investments. However, it does believe that
such negotiations should include a central component concerned with the
worldwide protection of human rights.


Amnesty International is concerned that the ongoing global negotiations
aimed at liberalizing trade and investment rules -- including the now
discontinued draft Multilateral Agreement on Investment -- may conflict
the obligations of states to enforce crucial provisions of international
treaties such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,
the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the
Conventions of the International Labour Organization.

Amnesty International, International Secretariat, 1 Easton Street, WC1X
London, United Kingdom

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 30 Nov 1999