Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 3 Dec 1999 to 4 Dec 1999

There are 10 messages totalling 628 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Clenched Fists in Seattle
2. Out-of-Job Journalists: Hidden Victims of Power Politics
3. Iran Said to Reassure Afghan Opposition of Support
4. China Is Waiting for Khatami's Visit, Jiang Zemin
5. Amir-Entezam Returned to Prison
6. Nation's Demands Expressed in Nouri's Defense
7. Swedish FM Praises Khatami's "Dialogue Among Civilizations" Initiative
8. Time to Seize `New Dawn' with Iran, Says UK MP
9. Democratic Development in Iran Not Against Revolutionary Principles,
10. Campaigners for violence were treated as they deserved to the USA

Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1999 04:32:27 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Clenched Fists in Seattle

The New York Times

December 2, 1999

Clenched Fists in Seattle Lead to Pointed Fingers

SEATTLE—It took only a few minutes for the people in the monarch
butterflycostumes and union jackets to realize that what was planned as the
biggest American demonstration yet against global trade here had turned into
a burst of window-breaking and looting late Tuesday afternoon.
A surge of violence that ended in a civil emergency began when a knot of
people dressed in black broke away from the main demonstration and started
overturning trash containers, stoking fires and smashing windows of stores
and restaurants. It died out with the image of a grinning young man in a Gap
sweatshirt trying to cart off a satellite dish from a Radio Shackstore.
How the thin line was crossed from nonviolent protest to urban disorder was
being dissected here Wednesday as the World Trade Organization got down to
business. The conclusion: the anarchists were organized.
One person in black, who refused to identify himself, said anarchistshad
planned all along to incite the crowd.
Some blamed the police for mounting a show of force with rubber pellets and
tear gas against largely nonviolent protesters, and then backing off to leave
a lawless zone within the city’s most gilded retail corridors. At first, the
protesters tried to police themselves—something they said they were incapable
of doing once the more militant elements took hold.
Veteran demonstrators, who have logged years of protest against corporate
retail chains like Nike and Starbucks, suddenly found themselves trying to
defend them.
“We turned at one point to protect Niketown, of all places, from thesepeople
who were trying to smash the storefront glass with metal newspaper boxes,”
said Ken Butigan, a professor of theology from Berkeley, Calif.“They turned
on us and called us counterrevolutionaries.”
Butigan teaches protest tactics at Berkeley, he said.
He and other demonstrators had expected—and prepared for—the policeto make
about 1,000 arrests.
But they made only a handful of arrests, relying on the stinging vapor of
tear gas to disperse people who refused to allow delegates into the trade
group’s opening session.
Young people in black masks, some of them speaking by two-way radios, used
the police reaction as a cue to go on a rampage. They sprayed a symbol for
anarchy—a circled A—on store walls, then quickly expanded to window breaking
and some looting. Some identified themselves as members of BlackClad
Messengers, a self-proclaimed anarchist group.
For merchants in a downtown known as one of the nation’s most prosperous and
vibrant—as the eyes of the world were looking this way and holidayshoppers
were expected to crowd the aisles—it was a pure terror.
“We called 911 from inside our store, asking for help, telling them that
people were rampaging in the streets, but they said they were too busy,” said
Maryann Swissa, who runs a jewelry store with her husband, Monty. “We ended
up getting an ex-National Football League player to stand guard at the door.”
At the peak of the disorder, even protesters who had planned to be
arrestedwere calling for help.
“Here we are protecting Nike, McDonald’s, the Gap and all the whileI’m
thinking, ‘Where are the police? These anarchists should have been
arrested,’ “ said Medea Benjamin, a leader with Global Exchange, a San
Francisco-based protest group. Ms. Benjamin was arrested later inside
thetrade meeting on trespassing charges.
The Seattle police said Wednesday that their primary goal was to protect
trade delegates and allow them to enter the meeting. When violence began,
they did not have enough force to go into the unruly crowds, Police Chief
Norm Stamper said. Wednesday, the police made about 400 arrests of
mostlynonviolent protesters.
“What we did today was utterly impossible yesterday,” Stamper said. “We
would have had to have double and triple the number of officers onhand. And
the mayor did not want to send a message that Seattle is a policestate.”
The major demonstrations—one organized by labor unions, the other
byenvironmentalists—attracted up to 30,000 people, Mayor Paul Schell said.
They passed through the city in a festive mood, their banners referring to
efforts by Europeans to protect cheese and Americans to protect jobs.One
banner read: ‘Hormone beef—no. Roquefort Cheese—yes.”
But minutes after the union and environmental groups passed through downtown,
the mood changed. Shouts of “Anarchy!” “Property is theft!” and “Close it
down!” went up, as up to 50 people unveiled hammers, spray paint and large
firecrackers known as M-80’s from backpacks. They smashed windows of branches
of virtually every major retail chain, including F. A. O.
Schwarz, Old Navy, Planet Hollywood and McDonald’s.
A security officer who tried to defend a city bus was attacked.
Theauthorities later said that several bus drivers were assaulted and that
two police officers suffered minor injuries. They said there were no major
injuries to demonstrators, although hundreds of people complained about
stinging tear gas.
The violence’s peak lasted about an hour, in late afternoon, with virtuallyno
police response. Some demonstrators shouted at the vandals to stop the
violence. At Niketown, three men climbed atop of the store’s outside entrance
and began twisting away the metal letters spelling out the store name.As this
went on, others shouted “Shame, shame, shame” at the vandals.
Prompted by desperate complaints from merchants and television images of a
near riot, the Seattle police changed tactics early in the evening, after
Mayor Schell asked for the National Guard troops and declared a 7 p.m. curfew
and civil emergency. From then until about 10 p.m., the police gradually
moved the thinning crowds out of downtown.
The police said Wednesday that they had arrested several people who they said
were part of the Tuesday violence, though they offered few details on where
they were from or the extent of their plan. Stamper defended the police
tactics, though he was criticized for refusing an earlier offer of National
Guard help. Wednesday, about 300 National Guard troops helpedto patrol the
By Wednesday morning, the groups that had planned to be arrested all along
sent out a call for a “massive cleanup” of the damage done by people they
labeled as vandals. Dozens of the protesters took brooms to the freshscars of
the city’s retail core.

Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1999 14:11:51 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Out-of-Job Journalists: Hidden Victims of Power Politics


Out-of-Job Journalists: Hidden Victims of Power Politics

The continuous closure of newspapers, among other things, has intensified
fears of job insecurity among journalists. There seems to be no end to this
unwelcome trend as few tend to bother to ask where the journalists would make
their ends meet once their paper is put of business.

Following the bans on numerous dailies over the recent months, an atmosphere
of anxiety and job insecurity has begun to dominate the nation's press
community so that a few well-known veteran journalists have already decided
to pack their bags and other ways to make a living. Undoubtedly, there are
who follow suit, sooner or later.

Further, considering the country's high unemployment rate and the
government's ongoing struggle to find a solution to this urgent problem, one
might wonder about the reasons behind closing papers and thus putting more
people on the street to look for jobs, where there are not many. The job
market is very job tight market even for highly-trained young professionals.

Moreover, in a country, that according to optimistic government figures,
there are 2.5 million people unemployed, less than 15 million people work and
as high as 800,000 people enter the job market every year, the courts orders
order for the dailies to cease operation does not make sense.

This is when Journalism, due to its unique features to reach all segments of
population, directly indirectly, can be highly successful in attracting a
large number of interested, talented young individuals, as this was seen in
recent years.

Meanwhile, the Iranian journalists have in recent years managed to acquire a
distinguished place in the world press and indeed became celebrities by
winning international awards for their works.

However, the recent bans on newspapers have rendered the profession as one of
the least secure in Iran. The fact that, in some cases, the papers were
ordered to shut down with less than 24 hours in notice has further helped to
solidify this perception in the public's eye.

Obviously this tends to make many increasingly cautious, to say the least, to
enter the "business of journalism."

Needles to say, impeding those following on careers of their choice,
especially when they could be highly influential in shaping public opinion,
tends to make their professions lose prestige and effectiveness.

This may precisely be the aim some are pursuing in full conscious for their
own agenda.

Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1999 14:18:12 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Iran Said to Reassure Afghan Opposition of Support

Iran Said to Reassure Afghan Opposition of Support

ISLAMABAD (Reuters) - Iran promised on Thursday to continue diplomatic
support for the Afghan opposition even though it has abandoned its trade
blockade on the ruling Taliban, an opposition spokesman said.

"They clarified their stance, reassuring us that Iran still recognizes us as
the legitimate government," spokesman Dr. Abdullah told Reuters by satellite
telephone from opposition-held northeast Afghanistan.

"Its position has not changed since the reopening of its border with the

He said the assurance was contained in a message from Iranian President Seyed
Mohammad Khatami delivered by a delegation to anti-Taliban leaders.

Taliban said last month it had opened for trade its western border with Iran,
which was closed for more than a year because of tensions between the two

Abdullah said the Iranian Foreign Ministry team met Burhanuddin Rabbani,
whose government was driven from power three years ago but still holds the
Afghan seat at the United Nations.

Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1999 14:19:26 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: China Is Waiting for Khatami's Visit, Jiang Zemin

China Is Waiting for Khatami's Visit, Jiang Zemin


TEHRAN - Chinese President Jiang Zemin in a meeting with the visiting Iranian
vice president for executive affairs, Mohammad Hashemi, in Beijing Thursday
called for expansion of Tehran-Beijing all-out relations.

He said that Iran and China enjoy ancient close ties. The two countries
should bolster bilateral cooperation at regional and international levels, he

He voiced his country's interests to have closer ties with Iran in the areas
of economy and trade.

Briefing Hashemi on his country's stands regarding different international
developments, President Zemin said that his country was against unipolar

Turning to the question of human rights, he condemned West's interference in
domestic affairs of other countries under the pretext of support for human

Expressing his friendly greetings to President Mohammad Khatami, the Chinese
president said that he is expecting his Iranian counterpart in China.

Congratulating President Zemin on the occasion of 50th anniversary of
establishment of People's Republic of China, Hashemi said that the Islamic
Republic of Iran stresses on the country's policies as a united China.

Iranian leaders attach great importance to ties with eastern countries, among
which China is enjoying special importance, he said, quoted by IRNA.

He further announced that President Khatami will accept President Zemin's
invitation to visit China.

The Iranian official further called for expansion of Iran-China relations in
all areas.

Tehran-Beijing relations have witnessed a growing trend over the past two
decades and Chinese companies have participated in various Iranian
development projects over the past few years.

Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1999 14:19:51 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Amir-Entezam Returned to Prison

Amir-Entezam Returned to Prison

TEHRAN (AFP) - A liberal Iranian opposition figure, Abbas Amir-Entezam, who
was released in October after spending most of the past two decades in jail,
has been returned to prison, opposition sources said Thursday.

The sources said he had been reincarcerated after giving an interview to an
Iranian newspaper, breaking one of the conditions of his release on health

Entezam, spokesman of the provisional government after the 1979 Islamic
Revolution, was jailed in 1981 on charges of spying for the United States.

He was freed last year after spending 18 years in jail, but was re-arrested
just a few months later following new accusations.

His wife, Elaheh Amir-Entezam was also arrested during six days of violent
riots which rocked the capital in July but released a few weeks later.

Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1999 14:21:40 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Nation's Demands Expressed in Nouri's Defense

Nation's Demands Expressed in Nouri's Defense

HAMSHAHRI * This daily, affiliated to Tehran Municipality, quoted Ayatollah
Musavi Ardebili as saying in a telephone conversation with the father of
Abdullah Nouri, Khordad daily's managing director who has been sentenced to
spend five years in jail on charges including religious dissent, that
"anybody else could express what Nouri said in his defense, but it was
Nouri's courage, boldness and a strong belief in God and Islam that allowed
him to say what was in the hearts of all of us."

Cleric Advises Nation to Please Nouri

HAMSHAHRI * Ayatollah Seyed Jalaleddin Taheri, Isfahan's Friday Prayer leader
and Nouri's mentor, said: "With lots of pain in my heart, I expect the
Iranian nation, despite the pains they themselves have, to pave the way for
holding the Majlis elections at the scheduled time, in order to make Mr.
Nouri happy."

He added that if the candidates of May 23 Front hold majority in the next
Majlis, many of problems would be solved, including the issue of Special
Court for the Clergy. What is needed now, he said, is preserving tranquillity
in the country.

Political Groups Support Nouri

IRAN * This newspaper which is affiliated to the Islamic Republic News
Agency, said some political and legal groups, including the Association for
Solidarity Among Followers of Imam's Line and Tehran's City Council, have
called for revocation of Nouri's sentence and the ban on his daily, Khordad.

10 Years with No Response

IRAN * Mohammad Taqi Mesbah Yazdi, said: "I voiced readiness for a debate
with Abdulkarim Soroush 10 years ago, but I have not yet received any
positive response in this regard."

Appeals Court Approves Verdict

IRAN * Tehran's Court of Appeals approved of the sentence decided by initial
court for managing director of the now-banned Neshat daily, Latif Safari.

Left in Harmony with Right

IRAN * Heshmatollah Tabarzadi, managing director of the banned publication
Hoviyat, said the left wing, in a coordinated move with the right faction,
tried to portray certain groups and university students as culprits in the
dormitory incident. If the left wing did not join the right in condemnation
of students and politicians, the latter did not dare to sent Abdullah Nouri
to prison now, he added.

Majlis Speaker Approves Verdict

SOBH-E EMROOZ * This leftist daily reported that in an interview with an
Italian daily, Majlis Speaker Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri approved the SCC's
verdict in the case of Abdullah Nouri. He added that Nouri can appeal against
the court ruling if he feels it is unjust.

Even Communists Are Free

SOBH-E EMROOZ * Majlis Deputy, Dr. Yadollah Eslami, said: "When Imam Khomeini
was in exile in Paris, once said that even Communists are free to express
their views in an Islamic Republic, but now an individual whose opinion
differs with opinion of those who try him, is sent to jail."

Rafsanjani Makes a Move

ASR-E AZADEGAN * This reformist daily reported that the Chairman of the
Expediency Council, Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani met with ulema and sources
of emulation in the city of Yazd where they discussed issues related to the
conviction of Abdullah Nouri.

Protest with Closed Mouth

HAMSHAHRI * Dozens of members of Islamic Association of University Students
held a protest rally in Urmia University campus as they put Scotch tape on
their mouths.

New Facts on Attack

AZAD * Dr. Habibollah Payman, a nationalist figure who was severely wounded
during his visit to Semnan in an attack by violent groups, said he was
attacked while police forces were looking a few yards away. "This indicates
that official government forces cannot control informal forces and there is
no guarantee that the February Majlis elections would be held under healthy

Journalists Want to Meet Khatami

AZAD * The staff of the banned daily Khordad demanded to meet with President
Khatami in a meeting at the Press Guild.

Protest Gathering

ENTEKHAB * This rightist daily said a group of youths of a Tehran mosque
gathered in front of Russian Embassy protesting Russian Army's attack against
Chechnya. Police arrested some of them after issuing warnings to leave the

Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1999 14:22:53 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Swedish FM Praises Khatami's "Dialogue Among Civilizations" Initiative

Swedish FM Praises Khatami's "Dialogue Among Civilizations" Initiative

* Sweden Has Increased Political Dialogue with Iran

* I Think Mr. Khatami and His Government Are More in Favor of Democracy,
Openness and Human Rights


STOCKHOLM -- Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh believes that Iranian
President Seyed Mohammad Khatami's initiative of "dialogue among
civilizations" is "a very important idea."

"Sweden too had raised a similar idea -- what we call the `Euro-Islam'
project in the European Union. It is the same idea, a European perspective,"
Lindh told this reporter during a recent visit to Stockholm. "We should try
to link European discussion with Islamic countries and, therefore the
`Euro-Islam' project is -- one can say -- Sweden's contribution to the
broader subject product by your President."

Asked about the growing interest of the EU to improve its ties with Iran and
also the reason that Sweden was lagging behind in this respect, the Swedish
foreign minister noted: "I think we have increased the political dialogue
with Iran, but how to continue depends also on what happens in Iran, we have
seen so far that it seems like Khatami and the new government were more in
favor of democracy and openness and human rights."

Voicing her concern over certain "very worrying" developments in Iran, the
minister said in order to increase contacts with Iran, "I think it is also
important that human rights and democracy is increased...

I think it is important that the reform process in Iran continues if the
relations with northern Europe is going to improve." The Swedish foreign
minister called for continued political dialogue and enhancement of
commercial relations and trade between Europe and Iran as ways to further
develop these relations.

She blamed the low volume of Iran-Sweden trade on the fact that "different
cultures have different trade and business" but expressed hope that trade and
business barriers will be reduced in the future because "I think its
important to have to increase the trade all over the world."

Asked about possible Swedish investment in Iran, she said: "We are very
interested in Iran, but in Sweden if companies are going to do any investment
they have to do the investment themselves... If there are good conditions for
Swedish companies (in Iran) I think they will be very willing and they will
make an investment to increase the trade."

Ms. Lindh also voiced her interest in visiting Iran to have high-ranking
meetings with Iranian leaders in future as the reform process in the country

On her meeting with the Iranian Foreign Minister Dr. Kamal Kharrazi on the
sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly in New York, she said: "I think it was
an interesting meeting and we discussed a variety of issues, what is going on
in Iran and the need for the reform process, the need for the liberal forces
in the government to continue and not be hindered by the conservative forces,
I mean that was my opinion of course, and we also discussed how to strengthen
the relations between Iran and Sweden and the EU in the future..."

On the 65,000 strong Iranian community in Sweden, and her government's policy
on refugees and immigrants, she noted: "Our policy is to guarantee refugees
applying to the U.N. criteria. We also have a broader criteria in Sweden than
the U.N. criteria and they are foreseen to be integrated for the time they
are here and then to return to their own countries.

But most refugees stay for a longer time, so we try to improve the
integration of the refugees in the Swedish society because we can see that it
is very problematic for the immigrants, for example, to have a job and
employment and so on, that is I think the negative side of the Swedish

"I think it is positive for the Swedish society to have other cultures within
the society. So I appreciate, for example having different religions and so
on in Sweden but theory is one thing and practice another. In practice
immigrants and refugees are confronted with a very harsh reality for example
the labor market is very conservative, and I think you can find many people
coming here with an excellent and long education and there are really no
possibilities for them to get any jobs in relation to their education. I
think it is a big pity and that is the fault of the Swedish society."

Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1999 14:24:13 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Time to Seize `New Dawn' with Iran, Says UK MP

Time to Seize `New Dawn' with Iran, Says UK MP


TEHRAN - There is a "new dawn and great opportunity" for London to engage in
dialogue with Tehran, British MP Peter Temple-Morris said yesterday.

"Progress is possible on all fronts - economic, trade, cultural and
political" and the essential thing was that contact must be conducted on a
"basis of mutual respect," he said in an article for the guardian newspaper.

Temple-Morris, who has just returned after leading the first British
parliamentary delegation to Tehran in 12 years, said that Iran with its rich
natural resources and pivotal position, was "surely one of the most important
geopolitical countries." Relations, he said, had been difficult since the
1979 Islamic Revolution and Britain's "often semi-colonial nature" and
"enthusiastic support for the late Shah" had not made things easy, IRNA

The MP for the ruling Labour Party has recently taken over the chair again
after rejuvenating the Britain-Iran parliamentary group earlier this year
following the resumption of full relations between the two countries for the
first time in 20 years.

He said "mutual respect was the key" and called for Britain to encourage a
"relationship of equals," warning that Iran would "never allow itself to be
dominated by the west or anyone else again."

Accompanying Temple-Morris of his visit to Iran, Liberal Democrat Peer Lord
Phillips last week criticized Western attitudes towards the Islamic Republic
and said that Britain should try to understand the West's catastrophic record
in the country.

Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1999 14:26:39 EST
From: Sohrab Arman <Sohrab68@AOL.COM>
Subject: Democratic Development in Iran Not Against Revolutionary Principles,

Democratic Development in Iran Not Against Revolutionary Principles,


TEHRAN -- Iranian Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Ataollah
Mohajerani said on Thursday that the democratic developments in Iran are not
against the revolutionary principles.

Speaking in a press conference at the end of the Fifth Islamic Conference of
Information Ministers (ICIM5), Mohajerani said two decades of experience of
the Islamic Republic is the background of the process of democracy in Iran.

Mohajerani said for example in foreign relations Iran had cold relations with
Saudi Arabia in the past, but, "now we have excellent ties." In the past 20
years Iran had failed to establish relations with Egypt, but, these ties are
now clearly improving.

On emergence of political parties, he said, "We were engaged in eight years
of war imposed by Iraq and the political parties were not working." Even the
first municipal election was held in Iran after 20 years of establishment of
the Islamic Republic, he noted.

On freedom of the press, he said all political parties are free to express
themselves. He rejected the possibility of a return to the past and a halt to
the process of democracy when asked by a foreign reporter in this respect.

IRNA correspondent from the English News Desk asked about the progress being
made to improve relations with Egypt, he said that with the presence of the
Egyptian Minister of Information Safwat al-Sharif "who is an influential
figure in the Egyptian Cabinet," at the Tehran conference, Egypt has taken a
good step forward to improve relations with Iran. Other works have also been
done in this respect, including expansion of trade ties between the two
sides, he said. Mohajerani said the Egyptian minister in his meeting with the
Iranian President had voiced his country's strong political will to improve
ties with Tehran.

Asked about the closure of some newspapers and whether it had any impact on
the atmosphere of the ICIM5, he said the closure of some dailies are domestic
issue and not important for the foreign dignitaries and it cannot overshadow
the conference though some dignitaries privately raised the matter.

A reporter asked whether the conference adopted a stand toward Palestine, he
said the conference coincided with the Palestine Day and it expressed
solidarity with the Palestinians and included it in the resolution.

A Qatari reporter asked Mohajerani whether Iran will grant asylum to the
HAMAS leaders, Mohajerani said, "I cannot answer this question. It depends,
first of all, on their request. The HAMAS leaders (expelled from Jordan) did
not want to leave Amman and go to Qatar. They were forced to board a plane
and the plane carrying them landed in Qatar. I don't know if they want to
stay in Qatar. I don't know whether they would ask for asylum."

Asked about the current political situation in Iran, he said, "When we
accepted democracy, it means we accepted political competition observing the
rules and regulations. The rival parties are now experiencing democracy."

Asked whether he is optimistic about the implementation of the resolutions of
information ministers in the conference he chaired, in the next two years, he
said the Islamic states decided to have a more effective cooperation in this
respect and are determined to do so.

He said he is optimistic about the progress in this respect and gave an
example of Al-Jazira television launched in the region and said it is more
efficient than the CNN and the BBC in covering the news in the region.

Meanwhile, the spokesman of the conference, Fereydoun Verdinejad who
accompanied Mohajerani at the press conference, said the Islamic states would
make investment on producing cultural works including films and in the early
stage the preference would be given to produce movies and other cultural
works for the youth.

Date: Sun, 5 Dec 1999 00:22:19 +0000
From: "a.abdi" <a.abdi@BTINTERNET.COM>
Subject: Campaigners for violence were treated as they deserved to the USA

A groups of Islamic fundamentalist terrorist including Larijani,
Azghandi and other fellows of Ayatullah Mesbah Yazdi were treated as
suspicious. These terrorists have been terrorising Iranian women and men
for the last 20 years. They were going to the USA to terrorise Iranians
living in the USA. Fortunately, they failed to attend in the seminar.

Asghar Abdi

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 3 Dec 1999 to 4 Dec 1999