Subject: DNI-NEWS Digest - 25 Dec 1999 to 27 Dec 1999

There are 17 messages totalling 872 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Iranian conservatives form new alliance
2. Niazi: case of serial murders being followed up vigorously
3. basij students protest "cultural negligence" in society
4. Moderate Iranian party claims it was bugged by reformist newspaper
5. Khatami minister says doesn't control Iran police
6. Interview: Ebrahim Yazdi says Nouri will be speaker if approved by
Guardian Council
7. Iran Declares Jan. 1 a Holiday Over Y2K Concerns
8. Smog shuts Tehran schools
9. Khatami allies divided before crucial Iran vote
10. Nouri's Second letter from prison
11. Iranian, Opposition Forces Clash
12. Vice Speaker on Serial Killings
13. Nazari Is Responsible for the Dormitory Incident
14. Iranian opposition claims more mortar attacks on security forces
15. Majlis to Investigate Performance of SNSC
16. Iran court sentences two students to death
17. SMCCDI: Death sentence against Mr. Akbar Mohammadi Must Be Rescinded

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:40:28 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iranian conservatives form new alliance

An estimated 38 million people are eligible to vote

A group of conservatives in Iran has announced the formation of an
alliance to contest the country's crucial parliamentary elections in
February.

The group has drawn up a list of candidates, topped by former President
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.

They will challenge the allies of moderate President Mohammad Khatami
and fight his policies of political and social reform.

The coalition will be known as the Followers of Imam Khomeini and
Leadership, to underline their loyalty to the late spiritual leader
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and his successor Ayatollah ali Khamenei.

A spokesman for the coalition has said that it will be made up of about
a dozen political and professional bodies and its main goal will be to
tackle the country's widespread discontent caused by economic problems.

Mohammad Reza Bahonar, a leader of the conservative camp in parliament,
said: "We believe our people are fed up with factional battles.

"Their basic problems and preoccupations are unemployment, lack of
security and bureaucratic red tape."

He said it supported a slow move towards a market economy to avoid
greater hardship to the country's poor, and was concerned that the
Iran's Islamic system was being threatened by President Khatami's
reforms, which give priority to political and social liberty.

"We are worried about the cultural atmosphere. Cultural issues are not
being managed as well as they should be" he said.

Divided politics

The political scene in Iran has become increasingly split between
moderate President Khatami's supporters and hard-line conservatives.

The president's supporters hope the 18 February elections will end the
conservative domination of the parliament, which has frequently blocked
the president's reform agenda.

>They formed their own 18-party coalition in November, known as the
Second of Khordad Movement.

All candidate must however be vetted by the Council of Guardians, a
conservative-dominated body which in the past has rejected reformist
candidates without explanation.

But reformists have recently succeeded in passing a law which obliges
the council in the future to provide written evidence for barring a
candidate.

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:39:08 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Niazi: case of serial murders being followed up vigorously

Tehran, Dec.27, IRNA -- Head of judicial organization of armed force (JOAF)
Mohammad Niazi said here Monday that the case of serial murders has not
faced any problems and is being pursued vigorously.

He added that the case is being pursued with cooperation and
coordination between the information ministry and JOAF.

On the amount of time that the case has taken he said, "even, ordinary
cases take longer time than this one and people who are making hue and
cry are primarily concerned about their own situation."

"All of the people who have been involved in the case will be identified
to the public," Niazi stressed.

He reiterated that the leader, president, head of judiciary and all
officials are strongly determined to follow up the case to its
conclusion.

On ways of disseminating information about the case, he added
"information dissemination is handled by the JOAF and overall policy
regarding the case is set by the supreme national security council."

Concerning rumors of the suicide of one of the accused band members
'Akbar Khosh-Koosh' Niazi said, "the aim of the rumors and innuendos is
to launch psychological propaganda to prevent the normal course of the
case and it is my belief that the instigators of these rumors belong to
Saeed Emami's gang."

The JOAF head further remarked that Saeed Emami gang is still active
adding, "its (gang) roots have not been completely annihilated.

He also referred to some people's "misleading analysis" and
"misunderstanding" of the case adding, criminal prosecution requires
proof and documentation and one cannot prosecute someone with irrelevant
analysis and speculations.

Commenting on newspapers' articles on the serial murders Niazi said,
"several writers have been remanded to the military court house and have
been asked to provide documents and proof of their allegations but no
one has done so."

He also said that JOAF is pursuing serial murders that took place in
fall of 1998.

Regarding the case of incidents at the Tehran university's dormitory
last July, the JOAF head said, what is under the jurisdiction as to
review the behavior of some of the law enforcement force (LEF) whose
cases have been sent to courts for final review.

He also stressed that all the dimensions associated with Tehran
university dormitory event has to be reviewed and "not just a portion of
it."

On president Mohammad Khatami's dissatisfaction with the follow up of
the case, he added that one should ask the president as to which part of
the case he is not satisfied with.

Niazi further stated that court proceedings of the Tehran university
dormitory event will be made public and people will be informed of the
realities of the unfortunate events surrounding the case.

He also expressed regrets over the killing of the basiji (volunteer
force) "during performing his religious duty of "enjoying good and
prohibiting evil".

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:38:26 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: basij students protest "cultural negligence" in society

thr 040
basij-demonstration
basij students protest "cultural negligence" in society
tehran, dec. 26. irna -- a large group of basij (volunteer) universit
students here sunday held a rally to protest what they called "an
atmosphere of cultural disorder and negligence in the society today."
the students said their gathering, held upon the invitation of
tehran universities basiji students, had the permission of the
interior ministry.
the demonstrators renewed their allegiance with the supreme leader
and voiced support for the islamic system and its legal pillars in
restoring the law and order.
seyed reza musavi, a basiji leader of tehran university said:
"nowadays, vicious talks are made against the pillars of the system
and the values of the revolution which offend all the sympathizes."
pointing to the "dangerous cultural condition" in the society, he
added that cultural institutions ought to work towards promotion and
restoration of religious and islamic values.
he further referred to iran's constitution as the crystallization
of imam khomeini's set of beliefs and added: "in recent months, we
have been witness to repeated cases of violation of the law by those
who claim to be defenders of law".
the students issued a resolution regretting the "unprincipled
stance" of some of the old friends of the revolution and urged them
"to return to the path of the revolution and the system." they
further asked all the three branches of the government to work for
promotion of the economy and solve the problems of the people.
rz/ks
end
::irna 26/12/99 22:09

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:37:54 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Moderate Iranian party claims it was bugged by reformist newspaper

TEHRAN, Dec 27 (AFP) -

A moderate Iranian political party is claiming to have been bugged by a
reformist newspaper which quoted controversial remarks by one of its
leading members, press reports said Monday.

The Kargozaran-e-Sazandeghi (Executives of Construction) party close to
former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani pointed the finger at Said
Hajarian, head of the Sobh-e Emruz daily, the reports said.

Hajarian, a former deputy intelligence minister close to President
Mohammad Khatami, was alleged to have planted microphones in the party's
headquarters to have picked up "highly confidential" remarks by
Rafsanjani's daughter, Faezeh Hashemi.

Sobh-e Emruz then quoted Hashemi as criticising "radicals of the 1980s
who were now passing themselves off as progressives and reformists."

Reportedly speaking at a party meeting, she singled out jailed former
interior minister Abdollah Nuri, accusing him of demagogy.

The remarks by Hashemi, a member of parliament and one of the most
moderate figures on the Iranian political scene, have caused a huge row
among reformists, who are trying to preserve a united front ahead of
crucial elections in February.

Press reports Monday said that the Executives of Construction leadership
met Sunday to discuss the origin of the "leak". Party chiefs decided
that Hajarian had bugged their premises to harm the group's image ahead
of the elections.

The reports said the party had written to Hajarian demanding by what
authority the microphones had been placed and warning that it would take
the matter to the courts "in due course."

The reformists, including the Executives of Construction, have formed
the 2nd of Khordad Front, named after the date in the Iranian calendar
when Khatami was elected in 1997, to fight the elections.

They are hoping to end the conservative domination of parliament but the
18 parties and other groups which comprise the front are more disparate
than the dozen components of the conservative Coalition of the Line of
the Imam and the Guide.

The reformists' standard-bearer Nuri is currently in prison, having been
jailed by a conservative court for allegedly spreading anti-Islamic
propaganda in his newspaper Khordad, which was also banned.

Although he has registered his candidacy it is far from certain that he
will be allowed to run.

Former president Rafsanjani, who enjoys support from both sides of the
political divide, is meanwhile standing as an independent.

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:42:02 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Khatami minister says doesn't control Iran police

Khatami minister says doesn't control Iran police 06:53 a.m. Dec 26,
1999 Eastern

TEHRAN, Dec 26 (Reuters) - Iran's Interior Minister Abdolvahed
Mousavi-Lari said on Sunday he did not fully control the police, despite
his position as commander-in-chief of the force.

``During my year or so as interior minister I have had problems in
meeting my responsibilities. I hope the police will bring itself under
the rule of the interior ministry in every way,'' said the minister, who
is close to President Mohammad Khatami.

``We are pursuing this through legal channels and I hope the problem
will be resolved. Our responsibilities should be proportionate with our
authority,'' he told a news conference.

But the minister denied rumours in the press that he planned to resign
as commander-in-chief of the police.

Mousavi-Lari, a reform-minded official, has often complained of
disobedience by Iran's police chiefs who are more aligned with the
conservative faction opposed to Khatami's liberal reforms.

The Interior Ministry is often incapable of protecting liberal political
gatherings attacked by hardline vigilantes -- apparently due to a lack
of coordination with the police.

Tensions peaked after police and vigilantes attacked a university hostel
to disperse a peaceful student rally in July.

The attack, in which at least one person was killed and hundreds were
injured, provoked a wave of pro-democracy demonstrations and two days of
riots, the worst since the aftermath of the 1979 Islamic revolution.

Mousavi-Lari said at the time that he had not been informed of the
hostel attack.

TEHRAN, Dec 26 (Reuters) - Iran's Interior Minister Abdolvahed
Mousavi-Lari said on Sunday he did not fully control the police, despite
his position as commander-in-chief of the force.

``During my year or so as interior minister I have had problems in
meeting my responsibilities. I hope the police will bring itself under
the rule of the interior ministry in every way,'' said the minister, who
is close to President Mohammad Khatami.

``We are pursuing this through legal channels and I hope the problem
will be resolved. Our responsibilities should be proportionate with our
authority,'' he told a news conference.

But the minister denied rumours in the press that he planned to resign
as commander-in-chief of the police.

Mousavi-Lari, a reform-minded official, has often complained of
disobedience by Iran's police chiefs who are more aligned with the
conservative faction opposed to Khatami's liberal reforms.

The Interior Ministry is often incapable of protecting liberal political
gatherings attacked by hardline vigilantes -- apparently due to a lack
of coordination with the police.

Tensions peaked after police and vigilantes attacked a university hostel
to disperse a peaceful student rally in July.

The attack, in which at least one person was killed and hundreds were
injured, provoked a wave of pro-democracy demonstrations and two days of
riots, the worst since the aftermath of the 1979 Islamic revolution.

Mousavi-Lari said at the time that he had not been informed of the
hostel attack.

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:41:33 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Interview: Ebrahim Yazdi says Nouri will be speaker if approved by
Guardian Council

Tehran, Dec. 27, IRNA -- If the Guardian Council screens parliamentary
candidates in the same way it did for the fifth Majlis elections, the
reformists will gain more seats in the upcoming Majlis elections, but may
however fail to become majority, believed the secretary-general of the
freedom movement of Iran (FMI).

In an interveiw with the English-language dialy 'Iran News' published
Monday, Ebrahim Yazdi maintained that the current Majlis is almost
equally divided between the conservatives, the reformists and the
so-called independents who change their votes according to the issue at
hand and other rather vague considerations.

Yazdi said that the conservatives will undoubtedly lose some seats but
will still be able to muster 20-25 percent of the votes in the sixth
Majlis. He emphasized that the main problem in the way of president
Khatami's reforms for the next Majlis will be the independent mps.

Regarding the role of ayat. Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in the next Majlis,
Yazdi maintained that Rafsanjani's candidacy is aimed at preventing
cooperation between the executive and the legislature.

Citing several challenges that face Rafsanjani, Yazdi further maintained
that he considers Rafsanjani's decision on the whole to become a
candidate for the sixth Majlis a mistake, because even in the event that
he facilitates the release of former interior minister Abdollah Nouri in
return for the reformist vote, the natural reaction of the electorate
would be to throw its wholehearted support behind Abdullah Nouri.

If this happens, he said, Rafsanjani would get enough votes to enter
parliament but will not be able to capture the majority of the votes in
Tehran.

Turning to president Khatami's economic development program he said that
the country is currently faced with an economic crisis which is rooted
in the lack of a macro-economic plan which together with the absence of
investment security has made long-term and practical economic programs
impossible.

Evaluating Khatami's economic rehabilitation plan, he said the plan in
its present form is not capable of rehabilitating the ailing economy.

On the chances of political reform in the sixth Majlis, Yazdi said that
if the composition of mps is such that Nouri takes over the speakership,
then meaningful steps could be taken to ease the political crisis and
turn the current temporary political equilibrium into a permanent one
leading to an atmosphere conducive to foreign investment.

Yazdi stated that political development is an unavoidable national
necessity and is rooted deep in the society adding that the previous
efforts aimed at political liberalization failed because they were being
pushed by outsiders like Kennedy and Carter administrations.

However, the current political development is the result of a genuine
national desire for change and will eventually succeed, he pointed out.

"President Khatami is the product of the present political current (May
23 front) and not its creator," he said adding that "the conservatives
are wrong to think that if they succeed in defeatig Khatami, they have
won the battle. President Khatami is well aware of this fact and has
joined the people."

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:40:52 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iran Declares Jan. 1 a Holiday Over Y2K Concerns

TEHRAN (Reuters) - Iran Sunday declared Jan. 1 a public holiday because
of concerns about the possible impact of the so-called Y2K computer
problem.

The official news agency IRNA said the cabinet took the decision ``in
order to prevent possible disruptions that may be caused by the
millennium computer bug problem.''

Iranian officials had previously warned of possible disruptions in some
public sectors including energy, communications and water if computers
which read only the last two digits of the date mistake 2000 for 1900.

But they said contingency plans were in place.

Iran's post and telecommunications minister said earlier this month the
country's telecommunications system would not face hitches, despite
earlier warnings. Experts say Iran may be less vulnerable to the Y2K
problem because of the low-tech nature of its banking and services and
most industries.

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:39:39 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Smog shuts Tehran schools

The blanket of smog shows no sign of clearing

Schools and kindergartens have been closed in Tehran as a blanket of
dangerous smog envelopes the city.

Iranian state-radio has urged the city's 10 million residents,
especially children, the elderly and the sick, to stay indoors, and for
people to use public transport instead of their private vehicles.

Parents of small children welcomed the government's decision to close
the schools, but high school teachers and pupils were unhappy that their
schools were not closed too.

For several weeks, the dangerously high levels of air pollution have
choked Tehran.

Stagnant smog

Many residents with heart conditions and asthma have needed hospital
treatment.

The city is hemmed in by mountains to the north, causing the increasing
volume of pollutants to become trapped when the wind is not strong
enough to blow them away.

At this time of year, the problem is aggravated by atmospheric
conditions which push dense clouds of stagnant smog down onto the city.

The result is an insidious haze of mixed pollutants, mainly carbon
monoxide and suspended particles. Levels of both have now reached well
above the crisis point.

Dirty cars

To help combat the problem the authorities also announced on Sunday a
scheme to limit private cars in the city.

Vehicles with odd and even number plates will only be allowed into
Tehran on alternate days.

Motor vehicles are believed to be responsible for 70% of the pollution -
most are over 15 years old and lack modern exhaust filters.

There are over two million cars in the heavily congested capital - a
scheme to restrict their entry on weekdays using special passes has
proved insufficient.

The Tehran municipality, in co-ordination with the government, recently
announced a 15-year, $2bn plan to combat the problem, but it will not
get under way for another two months.

Meanwhile many Tehranis have resorted to wearing face masks while
breathing through wads of cloth. Breathing problems and irritations of
the skin and eyes have become common.

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:42:38 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Khatami allies divided before crucial Iran vote

Khatami allies divided before crucial Iran vote 09:19 a.m. Dec 27, 1999
Eastern

By Mehrdad Balali

TEHRAN, Dec 27 (Reuters) - Backers of reformist President Mohammad
Khatami are feuding ahead of Iran's crucial parliament elections in
February, a division which could hurt their chances against conservative
rivals, analysts said on Monday.

A broad coalition which helped give Khatami a landslide against a
conservative rival in 1997 is showing signs of strain due to
disagreements over the pace of reform.

Impatient reformers within a leftish Islamist group led by a brother of
Khatami have been engaged in a war of words with the Executives of
Construction (EOC)- a cautious moderate group affiliated with former
President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.

``The rift is not in favour of the reformist camp. If it continues, the
EOC stands to lose the most,'' said Qodratollah Nazarinia, a pro-reform
member of parliament.

``The right faction is trying to take advantage by voicing tactical and
nominal support for Rafsanjani,'' he told Reuters.

RAFSANJANI CANDIDACY SPLITS REFORM CAMP

Tensions surfaced after Rafsanjani said he would run in the February 18
polls, to try to use his bipartisan image to contain growingly bitter
factional quarrels in Iran.

But many reformers opposed his candidacy, fearing that Rafsanjani might
take advantage of his political weight to curb Khatami's liberal
reforms, already wavering in the face of conservative opposition.

Rafsanjani, who played a key role in Khatami's presidential win, has
disenchanted Khatami's more radical allies with his cautious and
ambiguous public stance on reform.

Rafsanjani's growing distance from the pro-reform camp has, however,
appealed to a fractured rightist front, which has placed him on top of
its elections list.

But a dozen pro-reform groups are split on fielding Rafsanjani, raising
doubts about the formation of a solid alliance against the
conservatives.

Rivalries have gathered pace within the reformist camp with each side
claiming a greater role in bringing about Khatami's landslide.

RAFSANJANI BACKED BY DAUGHTER

Faezeh Hashemi, Rafsanjani's MP daughter and an EOC member, has
repeatedly railed against radical reformers. She has defended her
father, accusing the radicals of trying to make political gains at the
expense of national interests.

Her controversial comments at a private EOC meeting leaked to the
radical press this week, prompting sharp protests in the organisation
against the leak.

``This is an unethical act and a blatant effort to destroy the image of
Hashemi and her party,'' the EOC said in a statement published by
newspapers on Monday.

``You vilify those who seek a middle ground in politics and push
everyone to be either with you or against you.''

Some reformists played down the row, saying their camp was sure be
boosted at the polls by general expectations for change.

``The reformers' camp is not formed of homogenous groups and differences
are natural,'' Qolamheidar Ebrahimbai-Salami, another pro-reform MP,
told Reuters.

``But given the people's mood for reform, there is no doubt that Khatami
supporters will win,'' he said.

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:43:16 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Nouri's Second letter from prison

http://www.payvand.com/news/99/dec/nouri2.pdf

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:45:02 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iranian, Opposition Forces Clash

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) - Iranian troops and opposition
fighters clashed along the Iran-Iraq border, both sides reported Sunday.

Members of the opposition group Mujahedeen Khalq crossed from Iraq into
Iran on Saturday to launch a mortar attack on a military barracks near
Fakkeh, the official Islamic Republic News Agency quoted senior army
officials as saying.

Fakkeh is about 500 miles southwest of Tehran, in the southern province
of Khuzestan. Two members of the opposition group were killed in a
shootout, but Iranian forces suffered no casualties, the news agency
said.

In a fax sent to The Associated Press in Cairo, the Mujahedeen said its
fighters attacked a Republican Guard barracks in Khuzestan. The group
said two of its fighters and many Iranian troops died during the
clashes.

Neither side's casualty figures could be immediately confirmed.

The Iraq-based Mujahedeen Khalq seeks the violent overthrow of Iran's
Islamic government. It has more than 30,000 men and women with military
training in camps in Iraq near the Iranian border.

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:47:36 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Vice Speaker on Serial Killings

Vice Speaker on Serial Killings

Entekhab
12/27/1999

Hassan Rowhani, Majlis vice speaker, said:

" last year's serial killings were even more ominous than the actions of
organized crime or professional assassins..

This is because the killers were working in a government agency in which
classified documents are kept. If the Intelligence Ministry was an
efficient organization, it could have uncovered the gang earlier."

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:47:00 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Nazari Is Responsible for the Dormitory Incident

Nazari Is Responsible for the Dormitory Incident
IRAN
12/27/1999

Ibrahim Rezaie-Babadi, former deputy of Tehran's governor for political
and security affairs, said:

" Evidence shows former Police general, Farhad Nazari, issued the order
for the attack on Tehran University dormitory...

I asked the police to leave the dormitory on the day of the incident, but
Nazari did not even pay attention to the order of the interior minister
and continued to stay in the campus...

Mr. Lotfian, the police commander, should not blame others for the attack
and should be held accountable for the performance of his subordinate
(Nazari)...

If it was not for the efforts of officials, the dormitory would have
turned into ruins..

The reason behind the police attack was Nazari's anger. .."

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:48:13 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iranian opposition claims more mortar attacks on security forces

NICOSIA, Dec 27 (AFP) - Iran's outlawed armed opposition said Monday it
had launched more mortar attacks on bases of Tehran's security forces in
the western province of Kermanshah.

In statements received by AFP in Nicosia the Iraq-based People's
Mujahedeen said that for the first time it had used heavy 120 millimetre
mortars seized from government forces earlier in the attacks in the Qasr-e
Shirin and Sumar regions.

The Mujahedeen said that six of its "operational units" had struck a
command headquarters and barracks, a regional office of the intelligence
ministry and a station which jammed the opposition's broadcasts in Qasr-e
Shirin.

"Parts of the military installations were destroyed in the attack and
several dozen Revolutionary Guards were killed or wounded," a statement
said.

In Sumar another command headquarters, a "terrorist training centre" and
an electronic eavesdropping centre were reported hit and casualties caused.

On Sunday the Mujahedeen said it had carried out a "large-scale" attack
with 82mm mortars on barracks belonging to Iran's elite Revolutionary
Guards on Saturday night in the southwestern province of Khuzistan.

In a statement received here, the Mujahedeen said a "large number" of
Revolutionary Guards had been killed or wounded in the bombardment and in
subsequent clashes near the western city of Dezful.

No independent confirmation of Monday's reports was available, though
Iranian radio said late Sunday a soldier was killed in Saturday's attack
in the Mehran region.

The official IRNA news agency said two Mujahedeen fighters had been killed
and a third captured in the same incident.

The People's Mujahedeen, Iran's main opposition group, frequently claims
armed attacks inside Iran.

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:48:44 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Majlis to Investigate Performance of SNSC

Majlis to Investigate Performance of SNSC
Tehran Times
By Hengameh Mashiyati
12/27/1999

TEHRAN A bill to investigate the performance of the Supreme National
Security Council (SNSC) has been presented to the Majlis and presently the
Presiding Board of the Majlis is studying it, said a MP here yesterday.

Speaking to the TEHRAN TIMES, Majlis deputy from Urumieh Ali Reza
Ghanizadeh added that there is talk of the involvement of some
organizations in affairs which are out of their jurisdiction and this has
led to the dissatisfaction of the people.

"For example economic activities by security organizations and the
issuance of drafts by the Secretariat of the SNSC are operations which are
not part of their duties but we see that such activities are being carried
out by them," the MP explained.

He went on to say that if at a specific time, the import or export of a
good is banned or people have to pass through procedures for the import
and export goods, the government has devised the law with consideration of
the interests of the people and themselves.

"But we see that some official bodies such as the SNSC which do not have
their duties cut out for them, act outside their jurisdiction and become a
threat to economic laws and security," Ghanizadeh explained.

"These drafts which are issued upon a proposal by some organizations,
municipalities and public companies are practically transacted by a group
of dealers on the borders," he went on to say.
He added that for example, the entry permits which are issued for foreign
manufactured cars are against our interests and a blow to the country's
auto manufacturing industry.

"Why shouldn't cars or heavy machines be imported directly from the
manufacturing country so that it can guarantee the later problems," the MP
elaborated.
"It is not clear who is issuing these drafts or where the income made from
them is being used or which organ is supervising the use of these drafts?"
Ghanizadeh explained.

Ghanizadeh said that the security organizations are duty-bound to secure
public security and counter foreign threats.
"However commercial and economic activities have their own specific
definitions which should be carried out by a specific organization," he
concluded.

Date: Mon, 27 Dec 1999 21:49:19 -0500
From: Farhad Abdolian <farhad@PANJERE.NET>
Subject: Iran court sentences two students to death

Iran court sentences two students to death -paper 04:30 a.m. Dec 25,
1999 Eastern

TEHRAN, Dec 25 (Reuters) - An Iranian court has sentenced two students
to death for their role in a social unrest in Tehran in July, a
newspaper reported on Saturday.

The daily Fath quoted a student group as saying that Akbar Mohammadi and
Ahmad Batebi had been convicted by the court as ``Mohareb,'' or someone
who makes war on Islam, a charge punishable by death under Islamic
sharia law.

The Supreme Court has confirmed the death sentence on Mohammadi, the
group said.

No official confirmation of the report was available.

Mohammadi was charged with using petrol bombs during the riots which
broke out when police and armed vigilantes attacked students after a
peaceful pro-democracy demonstration, the paper said.

Batebi was convicted of endangering national security and promoting
anti-government propaganda when he displayed a bloody shirt during the
riots. Photographs of Batebi holding up the shirt were widely used in
Western media.

The six-day unrest in Tehran and several other cities was the worst in
Iran since the aftermath of the 1979 revolution.

Around 1,500 pro-democracy students were arrested in Tehran and the
northwestern city of Tabriz.

Date: Tue, 28 Dec 1999 01:53:03 -0500
Subject: SMCCDI: Death sentence against Mr. Akbar Mohammadi Must Be Rescinded

Iran Daneshjoo Organization News Service - http://www.iran-daneshjoo.org

Death sentence against Mr. Akbar Mohammadi Must Be Rescinded


SMCCDI
Press Release

December 28, 1999


The Mohammadi family and their lawyers have been informed of the death
sentence issued for the second time against Mr. Akbar Mohammadi by the
Supreme Court of the Islamic regime.

Mr. Mohammadi has been accused of participating in the July student
demonstrations in Tehran using fire bombs. He has been viciously
tortured as cell mates were shaken by his cries. It is reported that four
of his feet finger nails have been cut off and he has lost the use of his
left kidney.

The Judicial system of the Islamic regme, its illegal courts which have
condemned so many without a jury, a lawyer, and have charged them with
forced fabricated confessions have no legal ground for such procedures.

Such inhuman procedures are against all international laws which Iran is a
signatory. Thus, the death sentence issued against Mr. Mohammadi and
others is totally invalid. We must emphasize again of the illegality of
such procedures and its final verdicts.

The officials at Tohid detention center who are committing unspeakable
brutalities against innocent civilians are held accountable for their
crimes of violence. Mr. Mohammadi's only crime has been to voice his
opposition to the rule of despotism.

International human rights organizations must be alarmed of the severity
of these cases and the continued maltreatment of prisoners by the islamic
regime of Iran.

We urge the United Nations to take immediate action against the regime in
Tehran and ask for a halt to abuses of human rights. Mr. Mohammadi will
be executed if the world community under the direction of UN does not take
swift action.

The imprisoned Iranian students and Mr. Akbar Mohammadi are looking for
your moral and legal support.


The " Student Movement Coordination Committee for Democracy in Iran "

End of DNI-NEWS Digest - 25 Dec 1999 to 27 Dec 1999